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Brittle Fracture and Damage of Brittle Materials and Composites

Brittle Fracture and Damage of Brittle Materials and Composites
  • Author : Jacques Lamon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-16
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780081011614
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Summary : Flaws are the principal source of fracture in many materials, whether brittle or ductile, whether nearly homogeneous or composite. They are introduced during either fabrication or surface preparation or during exposure to aggressive environments (e. g. oxidation, shocks). The critical flaws act as stress concentrators and initiate cracks that propagate instantaneously to failure in the absence of crack arrest phenomena as encountered in brittle materials. This book explores those brittle materials susceptible to crack arrest and the flaws which initiate crack induced damage. A detailed description of microstructural features covering numerous brittle materials, including ceramics, glass, concrete, metals, polymers and ceramic fibers to help you develop your knowledge of material fracture. Brittle Failure and Damage of Brittle Materials and Composites outlines the technological progress in this field and the need for reliable systems with high performances to help you advance the development of new structural materials, creating advantages of low density, high resistance to elevated temperatures and aggressive environments, and good mechanical properties. The effects of flaw populations on fracture strength The main statistical-probabilistic approaches to brittle fracture The use of these methods for predictions of failure and effects induced by flaw populations The application of these methods to component design The methods of estimation of statistical parameters that define flaw strength distributions The extension of these approaches to damage and failure of continuous fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites

Fracture and Damage in Quasibrittle Structures

Fracture and Damage in Quasibrittle Structures
  • Author : Z.P. Bazant,Z. Bittnar,M. Jirasek,J. Mazars
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-14
  • Total pages :646
  • ISBN : 0203223756
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Summary : Understanding of failure of quasibrittle materials is of paramount importance in many engineering fields. This subject has become a broad and important field of considerable mathematical complexity, with many competing models and unsolved problems. Attention in this volume focuses on concrete, rock, masonry, toughened ceramics, ice and other quasibrittle materials characterized by the development of large zones of cracking or other microstructural damage, and its localization into major fractures.

Damage Mechanics in Engineering Materials

Damage Mechanics in Engineering Materials
  • Author : Jiann-Wen Woody Ju,J.-L. Chaboche,George Z. Voyiadjis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-03-04
  • Total pages :545
  • ISBN : 0080530230
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Summary : This book contains thirty peer-reviewed papers that are based on the presentations made at the symposium on "Damage Mechanics in Engineering Materials" on the occasion of the Joint ASME/ASCE/SES Mechanics Conference (McNU97), held in Evanston, Illinois, June 28-July 2, 1997. The key area of discussion was on the constitutive modeling of damage mechanics in engineering materials encompassing the following topics: macromechanics/micromechanical constitutive modeling, experimental procedures, numerical modeling, inelastic behavior, interfaces, damage, fracture, failure, computational methods. The book is divided into six parts: Study of damage mechanics. Localization and damage. Damage in brittle materials. Damage in metals and metal matrix composites. Computational aspects of damage models. Damage in polymers and elastomers.

Fracture of Brittle Disordered Materials: Concrete, Rock and Ceramics

Fracture of Brittle Disordered Materials: Concrete, Rock and Ceramics
  • Author : G. Baker,B.L. Karihaloo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-14
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9780203223451
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Summary : This book derives from the invited IUTAM Symposium in September 1993. The contributions discuss recent advances in fracture mechanics studies of concrete, rock, ceramics and other brittle disordered materials at micro and structural levels. It draws together research and new applications in continuum, damage and fracture mechanics approaches.

Toughening Mechanisms in Quasi-Brittle Materials

Toughening Mechanisms in Quasi-Brittle Materials
  • Author : S.P. Shah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :612
  • ISBN : 9789401133883
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Summary : A variety of ceramic materials has been recently shown to exhibit nonlinear stress strain behavior. These materials include transformation-toughened zirconia which undergoes a stress-induced crystallographic transformation in the vicinity of a propagating crack, microcracking ceramics, and ceramic-fiber reinforced ceramic matrices. Since many of these materials are under consideration for structural applications, understanding fracture in these quasi-brittle materials is essential. Portland cement concrete is a relatively brittle material. As a result mechanical behavior of concrete, conventionally reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete and fiber reinforced concrete is critically influenced by crack propagation. Crack propagation in concrete is characterized by a fracture process zone, microcracking, and aggregate bridging. Such phenomena give concrete toughening mechanisms, and as a result, the macroscopic response of concrete can be characterized as that of a quasi-brittle material. To design super high performance cement composites, it is essential to understand the complex fracture processes in concrete. A wide range of concern in design involves fracture in rock masses and rock structures. For example, prediction of the extension or initiation of fracture is important in: 1) the design of caverns (such as underground nuclear waste isolation) subjected to earthquake shaking or explosions, 2) the production of geothermal and petroleum energy, and 3) predicting and monitoring earthquakes. Depending upon the grain size and mineralogical composition, rock may also exhibit characteristics of quasi-brittle materials.

Fatigue and Fracture

Fatigue and Fracture
  • Author : F. C. Campbell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :685
  • ISBN : 9781615039760
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Summary : "This book emphasizes the physical and practical aspects of fatigue and fracture. It covers mechanical properties of materials, differences between ductile and brittle fractures, fracture mechanics, the basics of fatigue, structural joints, high temperature failures, wear, environmentally-induced failures, and steps in the failure analysis process."--publishers website.

The Fracture of Brittle Materials

The Fracture of Brittle Materials
  • Author : Stephen W. Freiman,John J. Mecholsky, Jr.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-07
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781118769706
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Summary : Provides a modern, practical approach to the understanding and measurement procedures relevant to the fracture of brittle materials This book examines the testing and analysis of the fracture of brittle materials. Expanding on the measurement and analysis methodology contained in the first edition, it covers the relevant measurements (toughness and strength), material types, fracture mechanics, measurement techniques, reliability and lifetime predictions, microstructural considerations, and material/test selection processes appropriate for the analysis of the fracture behavior of brittle materials. The Fracture of Brittle Materials: Testing and Analysis, Second Edition summarizes the concepts behind the selection of a test procedure for fracture toughness and strength, and goes into detail on how the statistics of fracture can be used to assure reliability. It explains the importance of the role of microstructure in these determinations and emphasizes the use of fractographic analysis as an important tool in understanding why a part failed. The new edition includes a significant quantity of material related to the fracture of biomaterials, and features two new chapters—one on thermal shock, the other on the modeling of the fracture process. It also expands on a discussion of how to treat the statistics of fracture strength data to ensure reliability. Provides practical analysis of fracture toughness and strength Introduces the engineering and materials student to the basic concepts necessary for analyzing brittle fracture Contains new statistical analysis procedures to allow for the prediction of the safe design of brittle components Contains real-world examples to assist the reader in applying the concepts to their own research, material development, and quality-control needs The Fracture of Brittle Materials: Testing and Analysis, Second Edition is an important resource for all students, technicians, engineers, scientists, and researchers involved in the study, analysis, creation, or testing of ceramics.

Fracture and Damage Mechanics V

Fracture and Damage Mechanics V
  • Author : Ferri M.H. Aliabadi,Qing Fen Li,Li Li,Friedrich G. Buchholz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-11-15
  • Total pages :1400
  • ISBN : 9783038130642
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This book, which comprises contributions from researchers in 20 countries, was designed to be a forum within which to promote and exchange the latest experimental and theoretical research work on structural integrity, durability and failure analysis; with the emphasis being placed on fracture and damage mechanics.

The Theory of Materials Failure

The Theory of Materials Failure
  • Author : Richard M. Christensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :277
  • ISBN : 9780199662111
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Summary : A complete and comprehensive theory of failure is developed for homogeneous and isotropic materials. The full range of materials types are covered from very ductile metals to extremely brittle glasses and minerals. Two failure properties suffice to predict the general failure conditions under all states of stress. With this foundation to build upon, many other aspects of failure are also treated, such as extensions to anisotropic fiber composites, cumulative damage, creep and fatigue, and microscale and nanoscale approaches to failure.

Nanoindentation of Brittle Solids

Nanoindentation of Brittle Solids
  • Author : Arjun Dey,Anoop Kumar Mukhopadhyay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-25
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9781466596917
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Summary : Understanding the Basics of Nanoindentation and Why It Is Important Contact damage induced brittle fracture is a common problem in the field of brittle solids. In the case of both glass and ceramics—and as it relates to both natural and artificial bio-materials—it has triggered the need for improved fabrication technology and new product development in the industry. The Nanoindentation Technique Is Especially Dedicated to Brittle Materials Nanoindentation of Brittle Solids highlights the science and technology of nanoindentation related to brittle materials, and considers the applicability of the nanoindentation technique. This book provides a thorough understanding of basic contact induced deformation mechanisms, damage initiation, and growth mechanisms. Starting from the basics of contact mechanics and nanoindentation, it considers contact mechanics, addresses contact issues in brittle solids, and explores the concepts of hardness and elastic modulus of a material. It examines a variety of brittle solids and deciphers the physics of deformation and fracture at scale lengths compatible with the microstructural unit block. Discusses nanoindentation data analysis methods and various nanoindentation techniques Includes nanoindentation results from the authors’ recent research on natural biomaterials like tooth, bone, and fish scale materials Considers the nanoindentation response if contact is made too quickly in glass Explores energy issues related to the nanoindentation of glass Describes the nanoindentation response of a coarse grain alumina Examines nanoindentation on microplasma sprayed hydroxyapatite coatings Nanoindentation of Brittle Solids provides a brief history of indentation, and explores the science and technology of nanoindentation related to brittle materials. It also offers an in-depth discussion of indentation size effect; the evolution of shear induced deformation during indentation and scratches, and includes a collection of related research works.

Fracture and Fatigue

Fracture and Fatigue
  • Author : Lawrence J. Broutman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-15
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9781483216713
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Summary : Composite Materials, Volume 5: Fracture and Fatigue covers the concepts, theories, and experiments on fracture and fatigue behavior of composite materials. The book discusses the fracture of particulate composites, including metal, polymer, and ceramic matrices; relates micromechanics effects to composite strength; and summarizes the various theories relating constituent properties and microstructure to fracture. The text also describes differing theories regarding the strength and fracture of composites; and the theory and experiment relating to time-dependent fracture covering both long-term as well as dynamic fracture. The fatigue of both polymer- and metal-matrix composites and the factors influencing the toughness of both brittle and ductile matrix composites are also considered. Design engineers, materials scientist, materials engineers, and metallurgists will find the book useful.

Advances in Fracture and Damage Mechanics IX

Advances in Fracture and Damage Mechanics IX
  • Author : Akihide Saimoto,Ferri M.H.Aliabadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-11
  • Total pages :1010
  • ISBN : 9783038134879
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This special collection covers the latest theoretical, computational and experimental research on fracture and damage mechanics, as well as on structural integrity and durability.

Multiscale Modelling of Damage and Fracture Processes in Composite Materials

Multiscale Modelling of Damage and Fracture Processes in Composite Materials
  • Author : Tomasz Sadowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-03-23
  • Total pages :309
  • ISBN : 9783211381021
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Summary : This book explores damage growth and fracture processes in cementitious, ceramic, polymer and metal matrix composites, integrating properties like stiffness and strength with observation at below macroscopic scale. Advances in multiscale modelling and analysis pertain directly to materials which either have a range of relevant microstructural scales, like metals, or do not have a well-defined microstructure, like cementitious or ceramic composites.

Engineered Materials Abstracts

Engineered Materials Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-04
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015036958067
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Summary :

Engineering Damage Mechanics

Engineering Damage Mechanics
  • Author : Jean Lemaitre,Rodrigue Desmorat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-16
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 3540272933
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Summary : Reflecting his major contributions to the field, Jean Lemaitre’s "Engineering Damage Mechanics" presents simplified and advanced methods organized within a unified framework for designers of any mechanical component. Explains how to apply continuous damage mechanics to failures of mechanical and civil engineering components in ductile, creep, fatigue and brittle conditions. Incorporates many basic examples, while emphasizing key practical considerations such as material parameter identification, and provides perspective on the advantage and disadvantages of various approaches.

Composites Industry Abstracts

Composites Industry Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015036225277
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Summary :

Advances in Failure Mechanisms in Brittle Materials

Advances in Failure Mechanisms in Brittle Materials
  • Author : R. J. Clifton,Horacio D. Espinosa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :189
  • ISBN : UOM:39015040687439
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Summary : The 13 papers provide theoretical, computational, and experimental perspectives on the initiation and growth of micro- cracks in the high strength materials and composites that are increasingly used in structures and machine components. Among the materials they consider are polymeric composites, rei

International Aerospace Abstracts

International Aerospace Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105021811372
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Summary :

Thermomechanical Fatigue and Fracture

Thermomechanical Fatigue and Fracture
  • Author : M. H. Aliabadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :329
  • ISBN : UOM:39015054380806
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Summary : This text covers the leading research, in computational methods and experimental measurements, in thermal and mechanical fatigue problems. One of the fracture problems found in engineering components, such as pressure vessels, high temperature engines and interfaces in computer technology.

Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics

Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics
  • Author : Richard Carl Bradt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983-08-31
  • Total pages :688
  • ISBN : 0306410222
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Summary :

Advances in Composites

Advances in Composites
  • Author : Jinglong Bu,Zheng Yi Jiang,Si Hai Jiao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-27
  • Total pages :1904
  • ISBN : 9783038135548
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Summary : This work, in two volumes, is a collection of 365 peer-reviewed papers which describe the latest advances made in the understanding of micromechanical characterization, stress, failure, mechanical properties of composites and nanocomposite multilayers, durability and performance analysis, failure mechanisms, non-destructive evaluation, metal-matrix and oxide/oxide composites.