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Brittle Fracture and Damage of Brittle Materials and Composites

Brittle Fracture and Damage of Brittle Materials and Composites
  • Author : Jacques Lamon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-16
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780081011614
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Summary : Flaws are the principal source of fracture in many materials, whether brittle or ductile, whether nearly homogeneous or composite. They are introduced during either fabrication or surface preparation or during exposure to aggressive environments (e. g. oxidation, shocks). The critical flaws act as stress concentrators and initiate cracks that propagate instantaneously to failure in the absence of crack arrest phenomena as encountered in brittle materials. This book explores those brittle materials susceptible to crack arrest and the flaws which initiate crack induced damage. A detailed description of microstructural features covering numerous brittle materials, including ceramics, glass, concrete, metals, polymers and ceramic fibers to help you develop your knowledge of material fracture. Brittle Failure and Damage of Brittle Materials and Composites outlines the technological progress in this field and the need for reliable systems with high performances to help you advance the development of new structural materials, creating advantages of low density, high resistance to elevated temperatures and aggressive environments, and good mechanical properties. The effects of flaw populations on fracture strength The main statistical-probabilistic approaches to brittle fracture The use of these methods for predictions of failure and effects induced by flaw populations The application of these methods to component design The methods of estimation of statistical parameters that define flaw strength distributions The extension of these approaches to damage and failure of continuous fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites

Fracture and Damage in Quasibrittle Structures

Fracture and Damage in Quasibrittle Structures
  • Author : Z.P. Bazant,Z. Bittnar,M. Jirasek,J. Mazars
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-14
  • Total pages :646
  • ISBN : 0203223756
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Summary : Understanding of failure of quasibrittle materials is of paramount importance in many engineering fields. This subject has become a broad and important field of considerable mathematical complexity, with many competing models and unsolved problems. Attention in this volume focuses on concrete, rock, masonry, toughened ceramics, ice and other quasibrittle materials characterized by the development of large zones of cracking or other microstructural damage, and its localization into major fractures.

Fracture and Fatigue

Fracture and Fatigue
  • Author : Lawrence J. Broutman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-15
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9781483216713
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Summary : Composite Materials, Volume 5: Fracture and Fatigue covers the concepts, theories, and experiments on fracture and fatigue behavior of composite materials. The book discusses the fracture of particulate composites, including metal, polymer, and ceramic matrices; relates micromechanics effects to composite strength; and summarizes the various theories relating constituent properties and microstructure to fracture. The text also describes differing theories regarding the strength and fracture of composites; and the theory and experiment relating to time-dependent fracture covering both long-term as well as dynamic fracture. The fatigue of both polymer- and metal-matrix composites and the factors influencing the toughness of both brittle and ductile matrix composites are also considered. Design engineers, materials scientist, materials engineers, and metallurgists will find the book useful.

Damage Mechanics in Engineering Materials

Damage Mechanics in Engineering Materials
  • Author : Jiann-Wen Woody Ju,J.-L. Chaboche,George Z. Voyiadjis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-03-04
  • Total pages :545
  • ISBN : 0080530230
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Summary : This book contains thirty peer-reviewed papers that are based on the presentations made at the symposium on "Damage Mechanics in Engineering Materials" on the occasion of the Joint ASME/ASCE/SES Mechanics Conference (McNU97), held in Evanston, Illinois, June 28-July 2, 1997. The key area of discussion was on the constitutive modeling of damage mechanics in engineering materials encompassing the following topics: macromechanics/micromechanical constitutive modeling, experimental procedures, numerical modeling, inelastic behavior, interfaces, damage, fracture, failure, computational methods. The book is divided into six parts: Study of damage mechanics. Localization and damage. Damage in brittle materials. Damage in metals and metal matrix composites. Computational aspects of damage models. Damage in polymers and elastomers.

Fracture of Brittle Disordered Materials: Concrete, Rock and Ceramics

Fracture of Brittle Disordered Materials: Concrete, Rock and Ceramics
  • Author : G. Baker,B.L. Karihaloo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-14
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9780203223451
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Summary : This book derives from the invited IUTAM Symposium in September 1993. The contributions discuss recent advances in fracture mechanics studies of concrete, rock, ceramics and other brittle disordered materials at micro and structural levels. It draws together research and new applications in continuum, damage and fracture mechanics approaches.

Application of Fracture Mechanics to Cementitious Composites

Application of Fracture Mechanics to Cementitious Composites
  • Author : S.P. Shah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :728
  • ISBN : 9789400951211
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Summary : Portland cement concrete is a relatively brittle material. As a result, mechanical behavior of concrete, conventionally reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete, and fiber reinforced concrete is critically influenced by crack propagation. It is, thus, not surprising that attempts are being made to apply the concepts of fracture mechanics to quantify the resistance to cracking in cementious composites. The field of fracture mechanics originated in the 1920's with A. A. Griffith's work on fracture of brittle materials such as glass. Its most significant applications, however, have been for controlling brittle fracture and fatigue failure of metallic structures such as pressure vessels, airplanes, ships and pipe lines. Considerable development has occurred in the last twenty years in modifying Griffith's ideas or in proposing new concepts to account for the ductility typical of metals. As a result of these efforts, standard testing techniques have been available to obtain fracture parameters for metals, and design based on these parameters are included in relevant specifications. Many attempts have been made, in the last two decades or so, to apply the fracture mechanics concepts to cement, mortar, con crete and reinforced concrete. So far, these attempts have not led to a unique set of material parameters which can quantify the resistance of these cementitious composites to fracture. No standard testing methods and a generally accepted theoretical analysis are established for concrete as they are for metals.

Advances in Fracture and Damage Mechanics IX

Advances in Fracture and Damage Mechanics IX
  • Author : Akihide Saimoto,Ferri M.H.Aliabadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-11
  • Total pages :1010
  • ISBN : 9783038134879
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This special collection covers the latest theoretical, computational and experimental research on fracture and damage mechanics, as well as on structural integrity and durability.

Multiscale Modelling of Damage and Fracture Processes in Composite Materials

Multiscale Modelling of Damage and Fracture Processes in Composite Materials
  • Author : Tomasz Sadowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-03-23
  • Total pages :309
  • ISBN : 9783211381021
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Summary : This book explores damage growth and fracture processes in cementitious, ceramic, polymer and metal matrix composites, integrating properties like stiffness and strength with observation at below macroscopic scale. Advances in multiscale modelling and analysis pertain directly to materials which either have a range of relevant microstructural scales, like metals, or do not have a well-defined microstructure, like cementitious or ceramic composites.

Fracture and Damage Mechanics V

Fracture and Damage Mechanics V
  • Author : Ferri M.H. Aliabadi,Qing Fen Li,Li Li,Friedrich G. Buchholz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-11-15
  • Total pages :1400
  • ISBN : 9783038130642
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This book, which comprises contributions from researchers in 20 countries, was designed to be a forum within which to promote and exchange the latest experimental and theoretical research work on structural integrity, durability and failure analysis; with the emphasis being placed on fracture and damage mechanics.

Fatigue and Fracture

Fatigue and Fracture
  • Author : F. C. Campbell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :685
  • ISBN : 9781615039760
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Summary : "This book emphasizes the physical and practical aspects of fatigue and fracture. It covers mechanical properties of materials, differences between ductile and brittle fractures, fracture mechanics, the basics of fatigue, structural joints, high temperature failures, wear, environmentally-induced failures, and steps in the failure analysis process."--publishers website.

Damage and Fracture of Composite Materials and Structures

Damage and Fracture of Composite Materials and Structures
  • Author : Mohd Nasir Tamin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-05
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 9783642236587
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Summary : This monograph presents recent research findings on fracture properties and behavior of the composites, and their damage and cracking process under both quasi-static and impact loading conditions. Theoretical treatment, experimental investigation and numerical simulation aspects of the mechanics of composites, including sandwich structures are included.

Toughening Mechanisms in Quasi-Brittle Materials

Toughening Mechanisms in Quasi-Brittle Materials
  • Author : S.P. Shah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :612
  • ISBN : 9789401133883
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Summary : A variety of ceramic materials has been recently shown to exhibit nonlinear stress strain behavior. These materials include transformation-toughened zirconia which undergoes a stress-induced crystallographic transformation in the vicinity of a propagating crack, microcracking ceramics, and ceramic-fiber reinforced ceramic matrices. Since many of these materials are under consideration for structural applications, understanding fracture in these quasi-brittle materials is essential. Portland cement concrete is a relatively brittle material. As a result mechanical behavior of concrete, conventionally reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete and fiber reinforced concrete is critically influenced by crack propagation. Crack propagation in concrete is characterized by a fracture process zone, microcracking, and aggregate bridging. Such phenomena give concrete toughening mechanisms, and as a result, the macroscopic response of concrete can be characterized as that of a quasi-brittle material. To design super high performance cement composites, it is essential to understand the complex fracture processes in concrete. A wide range of concern in design involves fracture in rock masses and rock structures. For example, prediction of the extension or initiation of fracture is important in: 1) the design of caverns (such as underground nuclear waste isolation) subjected to earthquake shaking or explosions, 2) the production of geothermal and petroleum energy, and 3) predicting and monitoring earthquakes. Depending upon the grain size and mineralogical composition, rock may also exhibit characteristics of quasi-brittle materials.

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Composite Materials: Fatigue and fracture

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Composite Materials: Fatigue and fracture
  • Author : Anoush Poursartip,Ken Street
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 185573222X
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Summary : Volume 1: Fatigue and Fracture

Computational Methods for Fracture

Computational Methods for Fracture
  • Author : Timon Rabczuk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-28
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 9783039216864
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Summary : This book offers a collection of 17 scientific papers about the computational modeling of fracture. Some of the manuscripts propose new computational methods and/or how to improve existing cutting edge methods for fracture. These contributions can be classified into two categories: 1. Methods which treat the crack as strong discontinuity such as peridynamics, scaled boundary elements or specific versions of the smoothed finite element methods applied to fracture and 2. Continuous approaches to fracture based on, for instance, phase field models or continuum damage mechanics. On the other hand, the book also offers a wide range of applications where state-of-the-art techniques are employed to solve challenging engineering problems such as fractures in rock, glass, concrete. Also, larger systems such as fracture in subway stations due to fire, arch dams, or concrete decks are studied.

Advances in Composites

Advances in Composites
  • Author : Jinglong Bu,Zheng Yi Jiang,Si Hai Jiao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-27
  • Total pages :1904
  • ISBN : 9783038135548
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Summary : This work, in two volumes, is a collection of 365 peer-reviewed papers which describe the latest advances made in the understanding of micromechanical characterization, stress, failure, mechanical properties of composites and nanocomposite multilayers, durability and performance analysis, failure mechanisms, non-destructive evaluation, metal-matrix and oxide/oxide composites.

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites
  • Author : Narottam P. Bansal,Jacques Lamon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-27
  • Total pages :712
  • ISBN : 9781118832899
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Summary : This book is a comprehensive source of information on various aspects of ceramic matrix composites (CMC). It covers ceramic and carbon fibers; the fiber-matrix interface; processing, properties and industrial applications of various CMC systems; architecture, mechanical behavior at room and elevated temperatures, environmental effects and protective coatings, foreign object damage, modeling, life prediction, integration and joining. Each chapter in the book is written by specialists and internationally renowned researchers in the field. This book will provide state-of-the-art information on different aspects of CMCs. The book will be directed to researchers working in industry, academia, and national laboratories with interest and professional competence on CMCs. The book will also be useful to senior year and graduate students pursuing degrees in ceramic science and engineering, materials science and engineering, aeronautical, mechanical, and civil or aerospace engineering. Presents recent advances, new approaches and discusses new issues in the field, such as foreign object damage, life predictions, multiscale modeling based on probabilistic approaches, etc. Caters to the increasing interest in the application of ceramic matrix composites (CMC) materials in areas as diverse as aerospace, transport, energy, nuclear, and environment. CMCs are considered ans enabling technology for advanced aeropropulsion, space propulsion, space power, aerospace vehicles, space structures, as well as nuclear and chemical industries. Offers detailed descriptions of ceramic and carbon fibers; fiber-matrix interface; processing, properties and industrial applications of various CMC systems; architecture, mechanical behavior at room and elevated temperatures, environmental effects and protective coatings, foreign object damage, modeling, life prediction, integration/joining.

Advances in Failure Mechanisms in Brittle Materials

Advances in Failure Mechanisms in Brittle Materials
  • Author : R. J. Clifton,Horacio D. Espinosa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :189
  • ISBN : UOM:39015040687439
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Summary : The 13 papers provide theoretical, computational, and experimental perspectives on the initiation and growth of micro- cracks in the high strength materials and composites that are increasingly used in structures and machine components. Among the materials they consider are polymeric composites, rei

Dynamic Deformation, Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures

Dynamic Deformation, Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures
  • Author : Vadim V. Silberschmidt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-23
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780081000830
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Summary : Composite materials, with their higher exposure to dynamic loads, have increasingly been used in aerospace, naval, automotive, sports and other sectors over the last few decades. Dynamic Deformation, Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures reviews various aspects of dynamic deformation, damage and fracture, mostly in composite laminates and sandwich structures, in a broad range of application fields including aerospace, automotive, defense and sports engineering. As the mechanical behavior and performance of composites varies under different dynamic loading regimes and velocities, the book is divided into sections that examine the different loading regimes and velocities. Part one examine low-velocity loading and part two looks at high-velocity loading. Part three then assesses shock and blast (i.e. contactless) events and the final part focuses on impact (contact) events. As sports applications of composites are linked to a specific subset of dynamic loading regimes, these applications are reviewed in the final part. Examines dynamic deformation and fracture of composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical aspects Addresses important application areas such as aerospace, automotive, wind energy and defence, with a special section on sport applications

Key Engineering Materials VIII

Key Engineering Materials VIII
  • Author : Alexander M. Korsunsky,Chobin Makabe,Emma Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-20
  • Total pages :660
  • ISBN : 9783035733044
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Summary : The 8th International Conference on Key Engineering Materials (ICKEM2018) Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 8th International Conference on Key Engineering Materials (8th ICKEM 2018), March 16-18, 2018, Osaka, Japan

Local Approach to Fracture

Local Approach to Fracture
  • Author : Jacques Besson,Dominique Moinereau,Dirk Steglich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9782911762734
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Summary : Improving the structural integrity together with the performance (weight, time to failure,...) of structures requires a persisting effort in the field of mechanics of materials and structures. This can be achieved by a better understanding of the relationships between microscopic mechanisms and the macroscopic material behavior and structural response with respect to damage and fracture. This improvement strategy of materials, structures and assement methods can be described as local approach to fracture. The local approach to fracture is an active research field. Initially developped in the context of steel structures (pressure vessels), its application domain has become wider and now deals with various kinds of materials (metallic alloys, metal matrix composites, polymers, elastomers, concrete) as well as various physical deformation and damage mechanisms (plasticity, creep, fatigue, ductile fracture, brittle fracture, ...). This volume contains the proceedings on an international conference dedicated to these issues.

Engineered Materials Abstracts

Engineered Materials Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-04
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015036958067
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Summary :