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Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems

Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems
  • Author : Wu-Chi Feng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-26
  • Total pages :133
  • ISBN : 9780585314037
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Summary : Many emerging technologies such as video conferencing, video-on-demand, and digital libraries require the efficient delivery of compressed video streams. For applications that require the delivery of compressed stored multimedia streams, the a priori knowledge available about these compressed streams can aid in the allocation of server and network resources. By using a client-side buffer, the resource requirements from the server and network can be minimized. Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems presents a comprehensive description of buffering techniques for the delivery of compressed, prerecorded multimedia data. While these techniques can be applied to any compressed data streams, this book focusses primarily on the delivery of video streams because of the large resource requirements that they can consume. The book first describes buffering techniques for the continuous playback of stored video sources. In particular, several bandwidth smoothing (or buffering) algorithms that are provably optimal under certain conditions are presented. To provide a well-rounded discussion, the book then describes extensions that aid in the ability to provide interactive delivery of video across networks. Specifically, reservation techniques that take into account interactive functions such as fast-forward and rewind are described. In addition, extensions to the bandwidth smoothing algorithms presented in the first few chapters are described. These algorithms are designed with interactive, continuous playback of stored video in mind and are also provably optimal under certain constraints. Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems serves as an excellent resource for multimedia systems, networking and video-on-demand designers, and may be used as a text for advanced courses on the topic.

Specifications for Identity and Purity of Buffering Agents, Salts, Emulsifiers, Thickening Agents, Stabilizers, Flavouring Agents, Food Colours, Sweetening Agents, and Miscellaneous Food Additives

Specifications for Identity and Purity of Buffering Agents, Salts, Emulsifiers, Thickening Agents, Stabilizers, Flavouring Agents, Food Colours, Sweetening Agents, and Miscellaneous Food Additives
  • Author : Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives,Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Meeting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1982
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9251012393
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Summary :

Operating System

Operating System
  • Author : I.A.Dhotre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 8184315686
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Summary :

Optical Burst Switched Networks

Optical Burst Switched Networks
  • Author : Jason P. Jue,Vinod M. Vokkarane
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-07
  • Total pages :147
  • ISBN : 9780387237602
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Summary : Next-generation high-speed Internet backbone networks will be required to support a broad range of emerging applications which may not only require significant bandwidth, but may also have strict quality of service (QoS) requirements. Furthermore, the traffic from such applications are expected to be highly bursty in nature. For such traffic, the allocation of static fixed-bandwidth circuits may lead to the over-provisioning of bandwidth resources in order to meet QoS requirements. Optical burst switching (OBS) is a promising new technique which attempts to address the problem of efficiently allocating resources for bursty traffic. In OBS, incoming data is assembled into bursts at the edges of the network, and when the burst is ready to be sent, resources in the network are reserved only for the duration of the burst. The reservation of resources is typically made by an out-of-band one-way control message which precedes the burst by some offset time. By reserving resources only for the duration of the burst, a greater degree of utilization may be achieved in the network. This book provides an overview of optical burst switching. Design and research issues involved in the development of OBS networks are discussed, and approaches to providing QoS in OBS networks are presented. Topics include: - Optical burst switching node and network architectures - Burst assembly - Signaling protocols - Contention resolution - Burst scheduling - Quality of service in OBS networks

Physiology

Physiology
  • Author : Roger Thies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-01-26
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 0387943978
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Summary : Each Oklahoma Notes book presents the core information of one segment of the medical school curriculum. Written by some of the most effective medical educators in the U.S., and now thoroughly updated and revised, the Oklahoma Notes feature: Concise text presented in outline format for rapid review; contents oriented to promote success; self-assessment questions; and more tables and figures designed to facilitate self-assessment and review.

Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Chemistry
  • Author : Jorge G. Ibanez,Margarita Hernandez-Esparza,Carmen Doria-Serrano,Arturo Fregoso-Infante,Mono Mohan Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-05-06
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 0387494936
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Summary : This book presents chemical analyses of the most pressing waste, pollution, and resource problems for the undergraduate or graduate student. Its distinctive holistic approach provides a solid introduction to theory as well as a practical laboratory manual detailing beginning and advanced experimental applications. It presents laboratory procedures at microscale conditions, for minimum waste and maximum economy.

MICROPROCESSORS, PC HARDWARE AND INTERFACING

MICROPROCESSORS, PC HARDWARE AND INTERFACING
  • Author : N. MATHIVANAN
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-01-01
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 8120323173
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Summary : Designed for a one-semester course in Finite Element Method, this compact and well-organized text presents FEM as a tool to find approximate solutions to differential equations. This provides the student a better perspective on the technique and its wide range of applications. This approach reflects the current trend as the present-day applications range from structures to biomechanics to electromagnetics, unlike in conventional texts that view FEM primarily as an extension of matrix methods of structural analysis. After an introduction and a review of mathematical preliminaries, the book gives a detailed discussion on FEM as a technique for solving differential equations and variational formulation of FEM. This is followed by a lucid presentation of one-dimensional and two-dimensional finite elements and finite element formulation for dynamics. The book concludes with some case studies that focus on industrial problems and Appendices that include mini-project topics based on near-real-life problems. Postgraduate/Senior undergraduate students of civil, mechanical and aeronautical engineering will find this text extremely useful; it will also appeal to the practising engineers and the teaching community.

Titration Curves and Buffering Capacities of Hawaiian Soils

Titration Curves and Buffering Capacities of Hawaiian Soils
  • Author : Yoshito Matsusaka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1950
  • Total pages :36
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112019499265
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Summary :

Mine Wastes

Mine Wastes
  • Author : Bernd Lottermoser
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-26
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9783540486305
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Summary : This book provides comprehensive, up-to-date overview of the accumulation of wastes at mine, including sulfidic mine wastes, mine water, tailings, cyanidation wastes of gold-silver ores, radioactive wastes of uranium ores, and wastes of phosphate and potash ores. The updated second edition includes new case studies; presents crucial aspects of mine wastes as scientific issues; reflects major developments and contemporary issues in mine waste science; additional figures; and an updated reference list.

Computer System Architecture

Computer System Architecture
  • Author : P. V. S. RAO
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-12-30
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 8120335945
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Summary : Intended as a text for undergraduate and postgraduate students of engineering in Computer Science and Engineering, Information Technology, and students pursuing courses in computer applications (BCA/MCA) and computer science (B.Sc./M.Sc.), this state-of-the-art study acquaints the students with concepts and implementations in computer architectures. Though a new title, it is a completely reorganized, thoroughly revised and fully updated version of the author’s earlier book Perspectives in Computer Architecture. The text begins with a brief account of the very early history of computers and describes the von Neumann IAS type of computers; then it goes on to give a brief introduction to the subsequent advances in computer systems covering device technologies, operational aspects, system organization and applications. This is followed by an analysis of the advances and innovations that have taken place in these areas. Advanced concepts such as look-ahead, pipelining, RISC architectures, and multi-programming are fully analyzed. The text concludes with a discussion on such topical subjects as computer networks, microprocessors and microcomputers, microprocessor families, Intel Pentium series, and newer high-power processors. HALLMARKS OF THE BOOK The text fully reflects Professor P.V.S. Rao’s long experience as an eminent academic and his professional experience as an adviser to leading telecommunications/software companies. Gives a systematic account of the evolution of computers Provides a large number of exercises to drill the students in self-study. The five Appendices at the end of the text, cover the basic concepts to enable the students to have a better understanding of the subject. Besides students, practising engineers should also find this book to be of immense value to them.

Dental Caries

Dental Caries
  • Author : Ole Fejerskov,Edwina Kidd
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-03-16
  • Total pages :640
  • ISBN : 9781444309287
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Summary :

Integrative Aspects of Calcium Signalling

Integrative Aspects of Calcium Signalling
  • Author : Alexej Verkhratsky,Emil C. Toescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-10-31
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 0306460327
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Summary : Here is the first effort in a single volume to cover all of the integrative functions of calcium signalling - how changes in intracellular calcium coordinate a variety of coherent cellular responses. Written by a team of internationally established researchers, Integrative Aspects of Calcium Signalling provides the latest experimental data and concepts, bringing together a detailed analysis of the events, processes, and functions regulated by calcium signalling. A unique resource for professionals and students of physiology, biophysics, neurobiology, biochemistry, and all related fields.

Self-buffering, Self-balancing, Self-flushing Production Lines

Self-buffering, Self-balancing, Self-flushing Production Lines
  • Author : E. Zavadlav,John O. McClain,L. Joseph Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :58
  • ISBN : OCLC:33868160
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Summary :

Applied Aquatic Ecosystem Concepts

Applied Aquatic Ecosystem Concepts
  • Author : Gerald L. Mackie,Gerry L. Mackie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :757
  • ISBN : 0757508839
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Summary : W. Merritt, Professo

Understanding Business

Understanding Business
  • Author : David Barnes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :225
  • ISBN : 0415238625
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Summary : Taking a systems perspective, this book enables the student to make sense of business behaviour by demonstrating how interrelated business processes determine the success of an organization.

Capillary Electrophoresis in Analytical Biotechnology

Capillary Electrophoresis in Analytical Biotechnology
  • Author : Pier Giorgio Righetti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-12-18
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 0849378257
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Summary : This new book on capillary electrophoresis (CE) is unique in its focus on biotechnology. It is devoted to proteins, peptides, and techniques especially useful in the area of recombinant DNA products. Emphasis is also placed on glycoproteins. Because of the growing role of the glycosylation process in CE, a comprehensive chapter on the subject acts as a book within a book. Although this well-known researcher in biotechnology presents a number of chapters extensively discussing theories, important practical aspects in the routine use of capillary electrophoresis are also covered.

GIS

GIS
  • Author : Knut Grinderud
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 825192426X
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Summary : Today, few texts offer a comprehensive overview of geographic information systems (GIS). The literature common in academic circles is highly technical and pays little attention to the role GIS plays as a tool in the planning and shaping of society and the world around us. The contributors to this book feel strongly about the potential inherent in the concepts and methodologies that make up a GIS. Similarly, the contributors are aware of the limitations of the uniformly technical and structural approach that dominates discussions about GIS in many professional circles. This book is a guide and an educational, easy-to-understand journey that introduces the concepts and methodologies that lie behind today's GIS. It makes GIS both more familiar and more relevant to a far broader section of the professional circles which plan, organize, and shape our surroundings.

Food Analysis

Food Analysis
  • Author : Suzanne Nielsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-04-30
  • Total pages :557
  • ISBN : 0306474956
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Summary : This book provides information on the techniques needed to analyze foods in laboratory experiments. All topics covered include information on the basic principles, procedures, advantages, limitations, and applications. This book is ideal for undergraduate courses in food analysis and is also an invaluable reference to professionals in the food industry. General information is provided on regulations, standards, labeling, sampling and data handling as background for chapters on specific methods to determine the chemical composition and characteristics of foods. Large, expanded sections on spectroscopy and chromatography are also included. Other methods and instrumentation such as thermal analysis, selective electrodes, enzymes, and immunoassays are covered from the perspective of their use in the chemical analysis of foods. A helpful Instructor's Manual is available to adopting professors.

Algorithms and Theory of Computation Handbook

Algorithms and Theory of Computation Handbook
  • Author : Mikhail J. Atallah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-11-23
  • Total pages :1312
  • ISBN : 142004950X
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Summary : Algorithms and Theory of Computation Handbook is a comprehensive collection of algorithms and data structures that also covers many theoretical issues. It offers a balanced perspective that reflects the needs of practitioners, including emphasis on applications within discussions on theoretical issues. Chapters include information on finite precision issues as well as discussion of specific algorithms where algorithmic techniques are of special importance, including graph drawing, robotics, forming a VLSI chip, vision and image processing, data compression, and cryptography. The book also presents some advanced topics in combinatorial optimization and parallel/distributed computing. • applications areas where algorithms and data structuring techniques are of special importance • graph drawing • robot algorithms • VLSI layout • vision and image processing algorithms • scheduling • electronic cash • data compression • dynamic graph algorithms • on-line algorithms • multidimensional data structures • cryptography • advanced topics in combinatorial optimization and parallel/distributed computing

Renal Nursing

Renal Nursing
  • Author : Nicola Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :468
  • ISBN : 9780702028397
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Summary : 'Renal Nursing', third edition, is a research-based guide to nursing in this field. The underlying anatomy, physiology and psychology are discussed in depth, along with the skills and knowledge required to provide support, treatment and high quality care.

Physical and Chemical Methods

Physical and Chemical Methods
  • Author : Curtis A. Williams,Merrill W. Chase
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-12
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9781483222998
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Summary : Methods in Immunology: Volume II, Physical and Chemical Methods is a collection of papers dealing with electrophoresis, analytical ultracentrifugation, dialysis, ultrafiltration, cellulose ion exchangers, and chromatographic separation of macromolecules on porous gels. Some papers explain the applications of radioisotopes, optical analysis, and chemical analysis of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acid. One paper describes the theory of electro-migration. Factors such as electrical charge or frictional coefficients govern the rate of migration of charged particles in an electric field. The differences found in their velocities can be used to separate substances or analyze them. Mobility is a characteristic property of molecules and can also be influenced by the composition of the medium or solution. Dialysis separates solvents too large to diffuse through a barrier from smaller solutes; ultrafiltration (reverse osmosis) forces solvent and solutes up to a certain critical size through the barrier by a high pressure on one side. The book notes that the membrane never becomes plugged in dialysis because of some opposite movement of the solvent. Another paper points out that the significance of radioactive tracers in immunochemistry employed to identify and label macromolecules functioning as antigens and antibodies. The collection can prove valuable to bio-chemists, cellular biologists, micro-biologists, developmental biologists, and scientists involved in immunological research.