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Building Militaries in Fragile States

Building Militaries in Fragile States
  • Author : Mara E. Karlin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-11
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780812249262
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Summary : With a rich comparative case-study approach that spans Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, Building Militaries in Fragile States unearths provocative findings that suggest the traditional way of working with foreign militaries needs to be rethought.

Building Militaries in Fragile States

Building Militaries in Fragile States
  • Author : Mara E. Karlin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-08
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780812294132
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Summary : Combining rigorous academic scholarship with the experience of a senior Pentagon policymaker, Mara E. Karlin explores the key national security issue of our time: how to effectively build partner militaries. Given the complex and complicated global security environment, declining U.S. defense budgets, and an increasingly connected (and often unstable) world, the United States has an ever-deepening interest in strengthening fragile states. Particularly since World War II, it has often chosen to do so by strengthening partner militaries. It will continue to do so, Karlin predicts, given U.S. sensitivity to casualties, a constrained fiscal environment, the nature of modern nationalism, increasing transnational security threats, the proliferation of fragile states, and limits on U.S. public support for military interventions. However, its record of success is thin. While most analyses of these programs focus on training and equipment, Building Militaries in Fragile States argues that this approach is misguided. Instead, given the nature of a fragile state, Karlin homes in on the outsized roles played by two key actors: the U.S. military and unhelpful external actors. With a rich comparative case-study approach that spans Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, Karlin unearths provocative findings that suggest the traditional way of working with foreign militaries needs to be rethought. Benefiting from the practical eye of an experienced national security official, her results-based exploration suggests new and meaningful findings for building partner militaries in fragile states.

Exam Prep for: Building Militaries in Fragile States

Exam Prep for: Building Militaries in Fragile States
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Peace Works

Peace Works
  • Author : Frederick D. Barton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-20
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9781538113011
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Summary : American military interventions have cost thousands of lives and billions of dollars, yet we rarely manage to enact positive and sustainable change. In Peace Works, ambassador and global conflict leader Rick Barton uses a mix of stories, history, and analysis for a transformative approach to foreign affairs and offers concrete and attainable solutions for the future.

Fragile and Failing States

Fragile and Failing States
  • Author : David Brown
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-28
  • Total pages :218
  • ISBN : 1912440199
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Summary : The focus on state fragility is part of an agenda that begun to attract greater prominence in the 1990s as part of a widening of the post-Cold War international security environment. It has continued to develop subsequently, not just by the US government who claims that international security is as likely to be adversely affected as much by state fragility as strength, but wider, with the UK for instance, committing 50 percent of its development assistance to addressing the causes and consequences of fragile and failing states. This phenomenon of state fragility is critically examined by considering the actual nature of the problem, both conceptually and geo-strategically, the security implications such developments pose at multiple levels and the legal and logistical implications of responding to the development of weaknesses in key areas of state behaviour. What lessons can be learned from the UK's approach, both military and more widely, to address the question of state failure are of importance.

Nation-building as Necessary Effort in Fragile States

Nation-building as Necessary Effort in Fragile States
  • Author : René Grotenhuis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9462982198
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Summary : Policies intended to bring stability to fragile states tend to focus almost exclusively on building institutions and systems to get governance right. Simply building the state is often seen as sufficient for making it stable and legitimate. But policies like these, Ren� Grotenhuis shows in this book, ignore the question of what makes people belong to a nation-state, arguing that issues of identity, culture, and religion are crucial to creating the sense of belonging and social cohesion that a stable nation-state requires.

Building State Capability

Building State Capability
  • Author : Matt Andrews,Lant Pritchett,Michael Woolcock
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017
  • Total pages :257
  • ISBN : 9780198747482
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Summary : Introduction : the "long voyage of discovery" -- The big stuck in state capability -- Looking like a state : the seduction of isomorphic mimicry -- Premature load bearing : doing too much too soon -- Capability for policy implementation -- What type of organization capability is needed? -- The challenge of building (real) state capability for implementation -- Doing problem-driven work -- The searchframe : doing experimental iterations -- Managing your authorizing environment -- Building state capability at scale through groups.

Weak Links

Weak Links
  • Author : Stewart Patrick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-05-23
  • Total pages :342
  • ISBN : 9780199751518
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Summary : Conventional wisdom among policymakers in both the US and Europe holds that weak and failing states are the source of the world's most pressing security threats today. However, as this book shows, our assumptions about the threats posed by failed and failing states are based on false premises.

Fixing Fragile States: A New Paradigm for Development

Fixing Fragile States: A New Paradigm for Development
  • Author : Seth D. Kaplan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-06-30
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9780275998295
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Summary : Fragile states are a menace. Their lawless environments spread instability across borders, provide havens for terrorists, threaten access to natural resources, and consign millions of people to poverty. But Western attempts to reform these benighted places have rarely made things better. Kaplan argues that to avoid revisiting the carnage and catastrophes seen in places like Iraq, Bosnia, and the Congo, the West needs to rethink its ideas on fragile states and start helping their peoples build governments and states that actually fit the local landscape. Fixing Fragile States lays bare the fatal flaws in current policies and explains why the only way to give these places a chance at peace and prosperity is to rethink how development really works. Flawed governance systems, not corrupt bureaucrats or armed militias, are the cancers that devour weak states. The cure, therefore, is not to send more aid or more peacekeepers but to redesign political, economic, and legal structures-to refashion them so they can leverage local traditions, overcome political fragmentation, expand governance capacities, and catalyze corporate investment. After dissecting the reasons why some states prosper and others sink into poverty and violence, Fixing Fragile States visits seven deeply dysfunctional places—including Pakistan, Bolivia, West Africa, and Syria—and explains how even the most desperate of them can be transformed.

Monopoly of Force: The Nexus of DDR and SSR

Monopoly of Force: The Nexus of DDR and SSR
  • Author : Edited by Melanne A. Civic and Michael Miklaucic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Building Police Institutions in Fragile States

Building Police Institutions in Fragile States
  • Author : Richard Downie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-05
  • Total pages :30
  • ISBN : 1442224371
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Summary : The police are one of the most critical institutions of the state. This is particularly true in nations emerging from conflict, which are characterized by insecurity and high levels of crime. Without security, governments cannot begin rebuilding their economies and improving the lives of their citizens. As a result, they will continue to struggle for legitimacy, and a return to conflict will remain an ever-present risk. For citizens, a police officer is the symbolic representation of state authority. Their view of the state and their acceptance of its authority are partially shaped by their interactions with the police. The aim of this report is to look at what the United States has been doing to help reform or transform the police in three African states: Liberia, Sierra Leone, and South Sudan. It provides recommendations of what could be done better, or differently, based on an assumption that the federal budget for overseas policing will remain small. The findings are based on meetings with policymakers and other experts in Washington, D.C., as well as interviews with program implementers, government officials, police, and civil society representatives in all three countries.

The Army and Democracy

The Army and Democracy
  • Author : Aqil Shah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-21
  • Total pages :399
  • ISBN : 9780674728936
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Summary : In sharp contrast to neighboring India, the Muslim nation of Pakistan has been ruled by its military for over three decades. The Army and Democracy identifies steps for reforming Pakistan's armed forces and reducing its interference in politics, and sees lessons for fragile democracies striving to bring the military under civilian control.

Stabilization Operations, Security and Development

Stabilization Operations, Security and Development
  • Author : Robert Muggah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-24
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9781135044497
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Summary : This edited volume provides a critical overview of the new stabilization agenda in international relations. The primary focus of so-called stability operations since 9/11 has been Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq. Covering the wider picture, this volume provides a comprehensive assessment of the new agenda, including the expansion of efforts in Latin America, the Caribbean, Sub-Saharan Africa and South and Southeast Asia. By harnessing the findings of studies undertaken in Brazil, Colombia, Haiti, Jamaica, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Sudan and Sri Lanka, the volume demonstrates the impacts – intended and otherwise – of stabilization in practice. The book clarifies the debate on stabilization, focusing primarily on the policy, practice and outcomes of such operations. Rather than relying exclusively on existing military doctrine or academic writings, the volume focuses on stabilization as it is actually occurring. Drawing on the reflections of scholars and practitioners, the volume identifies the origins and historical antecedents of contemporary operations, and also examines how the practice is linked to other policy spheres – ranging from peacebuilding to statebuilding. Finally, the volume reviews eight practical cases of stabilization in disparate regions around the globe. This book will be of much interest to students of war and conflict studies, peacekeeping and peacebuilding, statebuilding, development studies and international relations in general.

Building Armies, Building Nations

Building Armies, Building Nations
  • Author : Michael Shurkin,John Gordon, IV,Bryan Frederick,Christopher G. Pernin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-02
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 0833097415
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Summary : This report proposes an alternative approach to Security Force Assistance (SFA) derived from an interpretation of nation-building and legitimacy formation grounded in history.

Women and Wars

Women and Wars
  • Author : Carol Cohn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-03
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780745660660
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Summary : Where are the women? In traditional historical and scholarly accounts of the making and fighting of wars, women are often nowhere to be seen. With few exceptions, war stories are told as if men were the only ones who plan, fight, are injured by, and negotiate ends to wars. As the pages of this book tell, though, those accounts are far from complete. Women can be found at every turn in the (gendered) phenomena of war. Women have participated in the making, fighting, and concluding of wars throughout history, and their participation is only increasing at the turn of the 21st century. Women experience war in multiple ways: as soldiers, as fighters, as civilians, as caregivers, as sex workers, as sexual slaves, refugees and internally displaced persons, as anti-war activists, as community peace-builders, and more. This book at once provides a glimpse into where women are in war, and gives readers the tools to understood women’s (told and untold) war experiences in the greater context of the gendered nature of global social and political life.

Aiding and Abetting

Aiding and Abetting
  • Author : Jessica Trisko Darden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-07
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 1503610233
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Summary : The United States is the world's leading foreign aid donor. Yet there has been little inquiry into how such assistance affects the politics and societies of recipient nations. Drawing on four decades of data on U.S. economic and military aid, Aiding and Abetting explores whether foreign aid does more harm than good. Jessica Trisko Darden challenges long-standing ideas about aid and its consequences, and highlights key patterns in the relationship between assistance and violence. She persuasively demonstrates that many of the foreign aid policy challenges the U.S. faced in the Cold War era, such as the propping up of dictators friendly to U.S. interests, remain salient today. Historical case studies of Indonesia, El Salvador, and South Korea illustrate how aid can uphold human freedoms or propagate human rights abuses. Aiding and Abetting encourages both advocates and critics of foreign assistance to reconsider its political and social consequences by focusing international aid efforts on the expansion of human freedom.

The Military as an Economic Actor

The Military as an Economic Actor
  • Author : J. Brömmelhörster,W. Paes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-11-04
  • Total pages :223
  • ISBN : 9781403944009
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Summary : Armed forces across the globe engage in economic activities both in times of war and peace. This book provides a critical analysis of this phenomenon, comparing experiences with 'military business' from four continents (Asia, Africa, Europe and Latin America). Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the volume shows the implications of 'military business' for civil-military relations, good governance and international development policies.

The Big Stick

The Big Stick
  • Author : Eliot A. Cohen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-03
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780465096572
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Summary : "Speak softly and carry a big stick" Theodore Roosevelt famously said in 1901, when the United States was emerging as a great power. It was the right sentiment, perhaps, in an age of imperial rivalry but today many Americans doubt the utility of their global military presence, thinking it outdated, unnecessary or even dangerous. In The Big Stick, Eliot A. Cohen-a scholar and practitioner of international relations-disagrees. He argues that hard power remains essential for American foreign policy. While acknowledging that the US must be careful about why, when, and how it uses force, he insists that its international role is as critical as ever, and armed force is vital to that role. Cohen explains that American leaders must learn to use hard power in new ways and for new circumstances. The rise of a well-armed China, Russia's conquest of Crimea and eastern Ukraine, nuclear threats from North Korea and Iran, and the spread of radical Islamist movements like ISIS are some of the key threats to global peace. If the United States relinquishes its position as a strong but prudent military power, and fails to accept its role as the guardian of a stable world order we run the risk of unleashing disorder, violence and tyranny on a scale not seen since the 1930s. The US is still, as Madeleine Albright once dubbed it, "the indispensable nation."

US Nation-Building in Afghanistan (Open Access)

US Nation-Building in Afghanistan (Open Access)
  • Author : Conor Keane
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-31
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9781317003182
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Summary : Why has the US so dramatically failed in Afghanistan since 2001? Dominant explanations have ignored the bureaucratic divisions and personality conflicts inside the US state. This book rectifies this weakness in commentary on Afghanistan by exploring the significant role of these divisions in the US’s difficulties in the country that meant the battle was virtually lost before it even began. The main objective of the book is to deepen readers understanding of the impact of bureaucratic politics on nation-building in Afghanistan, focusing primarily on the Bush Administration. It rejects the ’rational actor’ model, according to which the US functions as a coherent, monolithic agent. Instead, internal divisions within the foreign policy bureaucracy are explored, to build up a picture of the internal tensions and contradictions that bedevilled US nation-building efforts. The book also contributes to the vexed issue of whether or not the US should engage in nation-building at all, and if so under what conditions.

National Security Strategy of the United States

National Security Strategy of the United States
  • Author : United States. President (1989-1993 : Bush),George Bush
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :32
  • ISBN : PURD:32754050018344
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Summary :

China Steps Out

China Steps Out
  • Author : Joshua Eisenman,Eric Heginbotham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-12
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 9781315472638
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Summary : What are Beijing’s objectives towards the developing world and how they have evolved and been pursued over time? Featuring contributions by recognized experts, China Steps Out analyzes and explains China’s strategies in Southeast Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, Africa, Middle East, and Latin America, and evaluates their effectiveness. This book explains how other countries perceive and respond to China’s growing engagement and influence. Each chapter is informed by the functionally organized academic literature and addresses a uniform set of questions about Beijing’s strategy. Using a regional approach, the authors are able to make comparisons among regions based on their economic, political, military, and social characteristics, and consider the unique features of Chinese engagement in each region and the developing world as a whole. China Steps Out will be of great interest to students and scholars of Chinese foreign policy, comparative political economy, and international relations.