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Carbohydrates in Drug Discovery and Development

Carbohydrates in Drug Discovery and Development
  • Author : Vinod K. Tiwari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-31
  • Total pages :714
  • ISBN : 9780128166765
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Summary : Carbohydrates in Drug Discovery and Development: Synthesis and Applications examines recent and notable developments in the synthesis, biology, therapeutic, and biomedical applications of carbohydrates, which is considered to be a highly promising area of research in the field of medicinal chemistry. Their role in several important biological processes, notably energy storage, transport, modulation of protein function, intercellular adhesion, malignant transformation, signal transduction, viral, and bacterial cell surface recognition formulate the carbohydrate systems to be an exceedingly considerable scaffold for the development of new chemical entities of pharmacological importance. In addition to their easy accessibility, high functionality and chiralpool characteristics are the few additional fascinating structural features of carbohydrates, which further enhance their utilities and thus they have been able to attract chemists and biologists toward harnessing these properties for the past several decades. This book covers an advanced aspect of carbohydrate-based molecular scaffolding, starting with a general introduction followed by a detailed discussion about the impact of diverse carbohydrate-containing molecules of great therapeutic values and their impact on drug discovery and development. The topics covered in this book include the significance of heparin mimetics as the possible tools for the modulation of biology and therapy, chemistry and bioactivities of C-glycosylated compounds, inositols, iminosugars, KDO, sialic acids, glycohybrids, macrocycles, plant oligosaccharides, anti-bacterial and anti-cancer vaccines, antibiotics, and more. • Presents a practical and detailed overview of a wide range of carbohydrate systems including KDO, sialic acids, inositols, iminosugars, etc relevant for drug discovery and development. • Highlights the use of functionalized carbohydrates as synthons for the construction of various systems. • Covers recent developments in the synthesis of various glycohybrid molecules and vaccines. • Highlights the significance of heparin mimetics as tools for the modulation of biology. • Provides an impact of glycan microarrays and carbohydrate– protein interaction.

Carbohydrate-based Drug Discovery

Carbohydrate-based Drug Discovery
  • Author : Chi-Huey Wong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-03-06
  • Total pages :980
  • ISBN : 9783527605781
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Summary : To exploit the full potential of this diverse compound class for the development of novel active substances, this handbook presents the latest knowledge on carbohydrate chemistry and biochemistry. While it is unique in covering the entire field, particular emphasis is placed on carbohydrates with pharmaceutical potential. Topics include the following: > Chemical Synthesis of Carbohydrates > Carbohydrate Biosynthesis and Metabolism > Carbohydrate Analysis > Cellular Functions of Carbohydrates > Development of Carbohydrate-based Drugs A premier resource for carbohydrate chemists and drug developers, this comprehensive two-volume work contains contributions by more than 50 of the world's leading carbohydrate chemists.

Carbohydrates in Drug Design and Discovery

Carbohydrates in Drug Design and Discovery
  • Author : Jesus Jimenez-Barbero,F. Javier Canada,Sonsoles Martin-Santamaria
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-30
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781849739993
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Summary : In recent years there has been increasing evidence of the importance of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates in biomedical applications, and the use of synthetic ligands based on carbohydrates as drugs has received much attention. Focussing on drug discovery from key targets and placing an emphasis on the multi-disciplinary approaches necessary to challenge these issues, this book comprehensively covers the new and recent discoveries in the area of carbohydrate drug discovery. Carbohydrates in Drug Design and Discovery is split into five sections, beginning with a introduction and perspective on the current market. The book then goes on to discuss new synthetic methods in glycobiology, the use of glycobiology in chemical biology and glycobiology in drug discovery. Providing a worldwide perspective on this broad area, and providing examples of therapeutics already developed using these methods, this book provides a comprehensive introduction, discussion and update on this fast developing field for medicinal chemists and biochemists working in industry and academia.

Carbohydrates as Drugs

Carbohydrates as Drugs
  • Author : Peter H. Seeberger,Christoph Rademacher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-14
  • Total pages :237
  • ISBN : 9783319086750
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Summary : Medicinal chemistry is both science and art. The science of medicinal chemistry offers mankind one of its best hopes for improving the quality of life. The art of medicinal chemistry continues to challenge its practitioners with the need for both intuition and experience to discover new drugs. Hence sharing the experience of drug research is uniquely beneficial to the field of medicinal chemistry. Drug research requires interdisciplinary team-work at the interface between chemistry, biology and medicine. Therefore, the topic-related series Topics in Medicinal Chemistry covers all relevant aspects of drug research, e.g. pathobiochemistry of diseases, identification and validation of (emerging) drug targets, structural biology, drugability of targets, drug design approaches, chemogenomics, synthetic chemistry including combinatorial methods, bioorganic chemistry, natural compounds, high-throughput screening, pharmacological in vitro and in vivo investigations, drug-receptor interactions on the molecular level, structure-activity relationships, drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, toxicology and pharmacogenomics. In general, special volumes are edited by well known guest editors.

The Organic Chemistry of Sugars

The Organic Chemistry of Sugars
  • Author : Daniel E. Levy,Peter Fügedi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-09-21
  • Total pages :904
  • ISBN : 1420027956
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Summary : Intrigued as much by its complex nature as by its outsider status in traditional organic chemistry, the editors of The Organic Chemistry of Sugars compile a groundbreaking resource in carbohydrate chemistry that illustrates the ease at which sugars can be manipulated in a variety of organic reactions. Each chapter contains numerous examples demonst

Carbohydrate Recognition

Carbohydrate Recognition
  • Author : Binghe Wang,Geert-Jan Boons
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-09
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 1118017579
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Summary : This book contains contributions from interdisciplinary scientists to collectively address the issue of targeting carbohydrate recognition for the development of novel therapeutic and diagnostic agents. The book covers (1) biological problems involving carbohydrate recognition, (2) structural factors mediating carbohydrate recognition, (3) design and synthesis of lectin mimics that recognize carbohydrate ligands with high specificity and affinity, and (4) modulation of biological and pathological processes through carbohydrate recognition.

Discovery and Development of Antidiabetic Agents from Natural Products

Discovery and Development of Antidiabetic Agents from Natural Products
  • Author : Goutam Brahmachari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-11
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9780128096925
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Summary : Discovery and Development of Antidiabetic Agents from Natural Products brings together global research on the medicinal chemistry of active agents from natural sources for the prevention and treatment of diabetes and associated disorders. From the identification of promising leads, to the extraction and synthesis of bioactive molecules, this book explores a range of important topics to support chemists in the discovery and development of safer, more economical therapeutics that are desperately needed in response to this emerging global epidemic. Beginning with an overview of bioactive chemical compounds from plants with anti-diabetic properties, the book goes on to outline the identification and extraction of anti-diabetic agents and antioxidants from natural sources. It then explores anti-diabetic plants from specific regions before looking more closely at the background, isolation, and synthesis of key therapeutic compounds and their derivatives, including Mangiferin, Resveratrol, natural saponins, and alpha-glucosidase enzyme inhibitors. The book concludes with a consideration of current and potential future applications. Combining the expertise of specialists from around the world, this volume aims to support and encourage medicinal chemists investigating natural sources as starting points for the development of standardized, safe, and effective antidiabetic therapeutics. Contains chapters written by active researchers and leading global experts who are deeply engaged in the research field of natural product chemistry for drug discovery Provides comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge research advances in the design of medicinal natural products with potential as preventives and therapeutics for diabetes and related metabolic issues Presents a practical review of the identification, isolation, and extraction techniques that help support medicinal chemists in the lab

Small Molecule Drug Discovery

Small Molecule Drug Discovery
  • Author : Andrea Trabocchi,Elena Lenci
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-23
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9780128183502
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Summary : Small Molecule Drug Discovery: Methods, Molecules and Applications presents the methods used to identify bioactive small molecules, synthetic strategies and techniques to produce novel chemical entities and small molecule libraries, chemoinformatics to characterize and enumerate chemical libraries, and screening methods, including biophysical techniques, virtual screening and phenotypic screening. The second part of the book gives an overview of privileged cyclic small molecules and major classes of natural product-derived small molecules, including carbohydrate-derived compounds, peptides and peptidomimetics, and alkaloid-inspired compounds. The last section comprises an exciting collection of selected case studies on drug discovery enabled by small molecules in the fields of cancer research, CNS diseases and infectious diseases. The discovery of novel molecular entities capable of specific interactions represents a significant challenge in early drug discovery. Small molecules are low molecular weight organic compounds that include natural products and metabolites, as well as drugs and other xenobiotics. When the biological target is well defined and understood, the rational design of small molecule ligands is possible. Alternatively, small molecule libraries are being used for unbiased assays for complex diseases where a target is unknown or multiple factors contribute to a disease pathology. Outlines modern concepts and synthetic strategies underlying the building of small molecules and their chemical libraries useful for drug discovery Provides modern biophysical methods to screening small molecule libraries, including high-throughput screening, small molecule microarrays, phenotypic screening and chemical genetics Presents the most advanced chemoinformatics tools to characterize the structural features of small molecule libraries in terms of chemical diversity and complexity, also including the application of virtual screening approaches Gives an overview of structural features and classification of natural product-derived small molecules, including carbohydrate derivatives, peptides and peptidomimetics, and alkaloid-inspired small molecules

Comprehensive Medicinal Chemistry II

Comprehensive Medicinal Chemistry II
  • Author : David J Triggle,John B Taylor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-29
  • Total pages :7200
  • ISBN : 9780080445137
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Summary : The first edition of Comprehensive Medicinal Chemistry was published in 1990 and very well received. Comprehensive Medicinal Chemistry II is much more than a simple updating of the contents of the first edition. Completely revised and expanded, this new edition has been refocused to reflect the significant developments and changes over the past decade in genomics, proteomics, bioinformatics, combinatorial chemistry, high-throughput screening and pharmacology, and more. The content comprises the most up-to-date, authoritative and comprehensive reference text on contemporary medicinal chemistry and drug research, covering major therapeutic classes and targets, research strategy and organisation, high-throughput technologies, computer-assisted design, ADME and selected case histories. It is this coverage of the strategy, technologies, principles and applications of medicinal chemistry in a single work that will make Comprehensive Medicinal Chemistry II a unique work of reference and a single point of entry to the literature for pharmaceutical and biotechnology scientists of all disciplines and for many industry executives as well.Comprehensive Medicinal Chemistry II will be available online in 2007 via the proven platform ScienceDirect providing the user with enhanced features such as cross-referencing and dynamic linking. * Comprehensively reviews - for the first time in one single work - the strategies, technologies, principles and applications of modern medicinal chemistry * Provides a global and current perspective of today's drug discovery process and discusses the major therapeutic classes and targets * Includes a unique collection of case studies and personal assays reviewing the discovery and development of key drugs

Clinical Biochemistry and Drug Development

Clinical Biochemistry and Drug Development
  • Author : Shashank Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-01
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9781000730890
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Summary : This new volume focuses on clinical biochemistry fundamentals, cell culture techniques, and drug discovery and development concepts. It deals with three different fields of clinical research: cell culture, clinical biochemistry, and drug discovery and development. The book introduces cell animal and bacterial culture techniques and their potential uses as well as cell culture techniques. The biochemistry aspect of the book covers the principles of clinical biochemistry and biochemical analysis, biochemical aids to clinical diagnosis, measurement, and quality control. The book also presents important concepts in cell membrane receptor signal transduction pathways as drug targets. The drug development focus of the book discusses the fundamentals of human disease and drug discovery. Various in silico, in vitro, and in vivo approaches for drug discovery are examined, along with a discussion on drug delivery carriers and clinical trials. Overall, the volume provides an overview of the journey from clinical fundamentals to clinical output.

Aminoglycoside Antibiotics

Aminoglycoside Antibiotics
  • Author : Dev P. Arya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-29
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9780471743026
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Summary : Advances that open new avenues in developing aminoglycoside antibiotics During the last twenty years, there have been numerous advances in the understanding of the chemistry, biochemistry, and recognition of aminoglycosides. This has led to the development of novel antibiotics and opened up new therapeutic targets for intervention. This is the first book to provide a complete overview of recent advances in the field and explore their tremendous potential for drug discovery and rational drug design. With chapters written by one or more leading experts in their specialty areas, the book addresses the chemistry, biology, and toxicology of aminoglycosides. Aminoglycoside Antibiotics: From Chemical Biology to Drug Discovery is a great resource for academic and industrial researchers in drug design and mechanism studies and for researchers studying antibiotic resistance, antibiotic design and synthesis, and the discovery of novel pharmaceuticals. It is also a valuable reference for graduate students in pharmacy, pharmaceutical science, biophysics, medicinal chemistry, and chemical biology.

Carbohydrates 2018

Carbohydrates 2018
  • Author : Amélia Pilar Rauter,Nuno Manuel Xavier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-25
  • Total pages :172
  • ISBN : 9783039283163
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Summary : This book contains original papers and reviews on carbohydrate research in medicine, authored by participants of the 29th International Carbohydrate Symposium, where this topic had a special emphasis. The focus on biological events involving carbohydrates and glycoconjugates has delivered reliable approaches for disease treatment and diagnosis. Research on carbohydrate-based compounds for therapeutic applications is illustrated in various contributions, namely those covering the development of novel agents against Alzheimer’s disease, e.g. the neuroprotective C-glucosylated flavones and the isonucleoside-based cholinesterase inhibitors. New imino sugar glucosidase inhibitors are also disclosed, a class of compounds with potential for diabetes, Gaucher disease or cancer treatment. Also the development of a useful synthetic method towards multivalent glycoclusters of biomedical interest is here highlighted. The relevance of glycomimetics in drug discovery and the progress on carbohydrates in early diagnosis and cancer treatment are reviewed. Noteworthy is the chitosan-based delivery system for drug oral administration, a new biomaterial-based approach to improve bioavailability. Another study on the conformation of Streptococcus capsular polysaccharide backbones by molecular modelling provides useful information for bacterial immunotherapeutic approaches. All original contributions and reviews clearly demonstrate the potential of glycosciences for innovation in medicinal (glyco)chemistry and pharmaceutical research.

A Handbook for DNA-Encoded Chemistry

A Handbook for DNA-Encoded Chemistry
  • Author : Robert A. Goodnow, Jr.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-28
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9781118487686
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Summary : This book comprehensively describes the development and practice of DNA-encoded library synthesis technology. Together, the chapters detail an approach to drug discovery that offers an attractive addition to the portfolio of existing hit generation technologies such as high-throughput screening, structure-based drug discovery and fragment-based screening. The book: Provides a valuable guide for understanding and applying DNA-encoded combinatorial chemistry Helps chemists generate and screen novel chemical libraries of large size and quality Bridges interdisciplinary areas of DNA-encoded combinatorial chemistry – synthetic and analytical chemistry, molecular biology, informatics, and biochemistry Shows medicinal and pharmaceutical chemists how to efficiently broaden available “chemical space” for drug discovery Provides expert and up-to-date summary of reported literature for DNA-encoded and DNA-directed chemistry technology and methods

Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives

Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives
  • Author : Se-Kwon Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-04
  • Total pages :527
  • ISBN : 9781466566323
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Summary : A natural long-chain polymer, chitin is the main component of the cell walls of fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods (including crustaceans and insects), the radulas of mollusks, and the beaks and internal shells of cephalopods. However, marine crustacean shells are the primary sources of the chitin derivative chitosan. Chitin and chitosan are useful for various biological and biomedical applications, although they have been limited by poor solubility in the past. Current research focuses on increasing their solubility and bioactivity through molecular modifications. The resulting derivatives are receiving much attention for interesting properties, such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and nontoxicity, that make them suitable for use in the biomedical field. Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives: Advances in Drug Discovery and Developments presents current research trends in the synthesis of chitin and chitosan derivatives, their biological activities, and their biomedical applications. Part I discusses basic information about the synthesis and characterization of a variety of derivatives, including the preparation of chitin nanofibers. Part II covers chitin and chitosan modifications as the basis for biological applications. It describes antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antiviral, anticoagulant, and antimicrobial activities. Part III addresses chemically modified and composite materials of chitin and chitosan derivatives for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering, nanomedicine, drug delivery, and wound dressing. A must-have reference for novices and experts in biotechnology, natural products, materials science, nutraceuticals, and biomedical engineering, this book presents a wide range of biological and biomedical applications of chitin and chitosan derivatives for drug discovery and development.

Green Approaches in Medicinal Chemistry for Sustainable Drug Design

Green Approaches in Medicinal Chemistry for Sustainable Drug Design
  • Author : Bimal K. Banik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-27
  • Total pages :1044
  • ISBN : 9780128175934
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Summary : Extensive experimentation and high failure rates are a well-recognised downside to the drug discovery process, with the resultant high levels of inefficiency and waste producing a negative environmental impact. Sustainable and Green Approaches in Medicinal Chemistry reveals how medicinal and green chemistry can work together to directly address this issue. After providing essential context to the growth of green chemistry in relation to drug discovery in Part 1, the book goes on to identify a broad range of practical methods and synthesis techniques in Part 2. Part 3 reveals how medicinal chemistry techniques can be used to improve efficiency, mitigate failure and increase the environmental benignity of the entire drug discovery process, whilst Parts 4 and 5 discuss natural products and microwave-induced chemistry. Finally, the role of computers in drug discovery is explored in Part 6. Identifies novel and cost effective green medicinal chemistry approaches for improved efficiency and sustainability Reflects on techniques for a broad range of compounds and materials Highlights sustainable and green chemistry pathways for molecular synthesis

Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Discovery: Drug discovery and drug development

Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Discovery: Drug discovery and drug development
  • Author : Alfred Burger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015056276937
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Summary :

Phytochemicals as Lead Compounds for New Drug Discovery

Phytochemicals as Lead Compounds for New Drug Discovery
  • Author : Chukwuebuka Egbuna,Shashank Kumar,Jonathan C. Ifemeje,Shahira M. Ezzat,Saravanan Kaliyaperumal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-07
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9780128178911
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Summary : Phytochemicals as Lead Compounds for New Drug Discovery presents complete coverage of the recent advances in the discovery of phytochemicals from medicinal plants as models to the development of new drugs and chemical entities. Functional bioactive compounds of plant origin have been an invaluable source for many human therapeutic drugs and have played a major role in the treatment of diseases around the world. These compounds possess enormous structural and chemical diversity and have led to many important discoveries. This book presents fundament concepts and factors affecting the choice for plant-based products, as well as recent advances in computer-aided drug discovery and FDA drug candidacy acceptance criteria. It also details the various bioactive lead compounds and molecular targets for a range of life-threatening diseases including cancer, diabetes, and neurodegenerative diseases. Written by a global team of experts, Phytochemicals as Lead Compounds for New Drug Discovery is an ideal resource for drug developers, phytochemists, plant biochemists, food and medicinal chemists, nutritionists and toxicologists, chemical ecologists, taxonomists, analytical chemists, and other researchers in those fields. It will also be very valuable to professors, students, and researchers in this domain. Presents fundamental concepts and factors affecting choice for plant-based products Details the FDA drug candidacy acceptance criteria, including bottlenecks and way forward Highlights recent advances in computational-based drug discovery Focuses on the discovery of new drugs and potential druggable targets for the treatment of chronic diseases of world importance

Glycobiology and Drug Design

Glycobiology and Drug Design
  • Author : Anatole A. Klyosov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 0841227659
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Summary : Will update existing publications on carbohydrate-based drug design and further shape the emerging data and thinking in this new area.

Biotherapeutics

Biotherapeutics
  • Author : Lyn Jones,Andrew J McKnight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-06
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781849737159
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Summary : This book illustrates the successful partnership of chemistry and biology to advance successful biotherapeutic modalities. Molecular design to create function is common to both chemical and molecular biology, and this text highlights recent developments from these disciplines that have delivered drugs, clinical candidates or significantly advanced biotherapeutic approaches. Biotherapeutics are often considered to be beyond the reach of the medicinal chemist, but this book demonstrates that chemistry has an essential role in the future success of this area, by explaining and describing the chemical biology technologies that underpin specific therapeutic advances and demonstrating the unique value of molecular design and understanding. Covering topics such as selective protein modification, immunopharmacotherapy, chemically programmed vaccinations, nanobodies and antibodies, this book provides essential reading for medicinal and pharmaceutical chemists working in both industry and academia.

Drug Discovery and Development, Volume 2

Drug Discovery and Development, Volume 2
  • Author : Mukund S. Chorghade
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-02-16
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 0470085215
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Summary : From first principles to real-world applications-here is the first comprehensive guide to drug discovery and development Modern drug discovery and development require the collaborative efforts of specialists in a broadarray of scientific, technical, and business disciplines-from biochemistry to molecular biology, organic chemistry to medicinal chemistry, pharmacology to marketing. Yet surprisingly, until now, there were no authoritative references offering a complete, fully integrated picture of the process. The only comprehensive guide of its kind, this groundbreaking two-volume resource provides an overview of the entire sequence of operations involved in drug discovery and develop-?ment-from initial conceptualization to commercialization to clinicians and medical practitioners. Volume 1: Drug Discovery describes all the steps in the discovery process, including conceptualizing a drug, creating a library of candidates for testing, screening candidates for in vitro and in vivo activity, conducting and analyzing the results of clinical trials, and modifying a drug as necessary. Volume 2: Drug Development delves into the nitty-gritty details of optimizing the synthetic route, drug manufacturing, outsourcing, and marketing-including drug coloring and delivery methods. Featuring contributions from a world-class team of experts, Drug Discovery and Development: Features fascinating case studies, including the discovery and development of erythromycin analogs, Tagamet, and Ultiva (remifentanil) Discusses the discovery of medications for bacterial infections, Parkinson's disease, psoriasis, peptic ulcers, atopic dermatitis, asthma, and cancer Includes chapters on combinatorial chemistry, molecular biology-based drug discovery, genomics, and chemogenomics Drug Discovery and Development is an indispensable working resource for industrial chemists, biologists, biochemists, and executives who work in the pharmaceutical industry.

Applied Biophysics for Drug Discovery

Applied Biophysics for Drug Discovery
  • Author : Donald Huddler,Edward R. Zartler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-02
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9781119099482
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Summary : 13.2.1 Protein Dynamics of SA WT and S1 Mutant DHFR in Apo and Bound States