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Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Photonic Applications

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Photonic Applications
  • Author : Shinji Yamashita,Yahachi Saito,Jong Hyun Choi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-31
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780857098627
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Summary : The optical properties of carbon nanotubes and graphene make them potentially suitable for a variety of photonic applications. Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications explores the properties of these exciting materials and their use across a variety of applications. Part one introduces the fundamental optical properties of carbon nanotubes and graphene before exploring how carbon nanotubes and graphene are synthesised. A further chapter focusses on nonlinearity enhancement and novel preparation approaches for carbon nanotube and graphene photonic devices. Chapters in part two discuss carbon nanotubes and graphene for laser applications and highlight optical gain and lasing in carbon nanotubes, carbon nanotube and graphene-based fiber lasers, carbon-nanotube-based bulk solid-state lasers, electromagnetic nonlinearities in graphene, and carbon nanotube-based nonlinear photonic devices. Finally, part three focusses on carbon-based optoelectronics and includes chapters on carbon nanotube solar cells, a carbon nanotube-based optical platform for biomolecular detection, hybrid carbon nanotube-liquid crystal nanophotonic devices, and quantum light sources based on individual carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications is a technical resource for materials scientists, electrical engineers working in the photonics and optoelectronics industry and academics and researchers interested in the field. Covers the properties and fabrication of carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications Considers the uses of carbon nanotubes and graphene for laser applications Explores numerous carbon-based light emitters and detectors

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : E. Einarsson,S. Maruyama
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-31
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780128088197
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Summary : This chapter provides an overview of methods used to synthesize single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and graphene. Synthesis methods of commercially available SWNTs are reviewed first, followed by common in-house methods. Historically important approaches are discussed but the focus is on tailored synthesis by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Primary routes for graphene synthesis are described next, in addition to background regarding the discovery of this two-dimensional material. Exfoliation of graphite into single-layer graphene is described, followed by synthesis routes involving reduction of graphene oxide and epitaxial growth from carbides. The chapter ends with an overview of CVD synthesis of graphene on metal substrates.

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : A. Martinez,S. Yamashita
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-31
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780128088227
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Summary : Fiber laser technology is attracting a great deal of attention due to its numerous applications in fields as diverse as micromachining, biology and medical sciences or telecommunications and its potential as a substitute for solid-state lasers in industrial and technological applications. Fiber lasers are also exciting from the scientific point of view as they are an excellent platform to further study and understand nonlinear optical phenomena. In this chapter, we review the impact of nano-materials, such as graphene and carbon nanotubes, in advancing fiber laser technology. Both graphene and carbon nanotubes present a highly nonlinear optical response, with a high third order susceptibility and saturable absorption. Here, we discuss how these properties can be used to achieve pulse operation using a technique known as mode-locking and how these two materials compare to other mode-locking mechanisms in terms of their ability to achieve pulse operation, the stability of the mode-locked lasers and their long-term reliability.

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : K. Matsuda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-31
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780128088180
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Summary : The fundamental electronic states and optical properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes are briefly explained in this chapter. Moreover, the novel optical properties of carbon nanotubes revealed by advanced laser spectroscopy (single-nanotube spectroscopy and time-resolved spectroscopy) are introduced. Due to the enhanced Coulomb interaction, the optically generated electron-hole pair forms a strongly bound ‘exciton’ state, analogous to the hydrogen-like state in the carbon nanotubes. The striking features of excitons in the carbon nanotube, such as singlet-dark states and triplet states, which dominate the optical properties, are described in this chapter.

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : Y.-W. Song
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-31
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780128088203
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Summary : With their nano-scaled dimensions and extremely elevated optical nonlinearity, carbon nanostructures including single-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene have played a critical role in generating ultrafast optical pulses. The pulsation relies on passive mode-locking of the nanostructures, and has been enhanced by employing an evanescent field interaction scheme that guarantees the all-fiber high-power operation. Preparation schemes for pulsating devices have been evolving via the development of elegant processes such as optical deposition, electrospray, and aerosol deposition of carbon nanostructures, ensuring the dramatic increase of process efficiency. In this chapter, details of the technical achievements are addressed.

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications

Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications
  • Author : T. Wilkinson,H. Butt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-31
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780128088296
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Summary : This chapter discusses the background knowledge and provides a literature review of carbon-nanotubes-based metamaterials and other nanophotonic devices we present in the chapter. The materials properties of carbon nanotubes are discussed, along with their possible application in producing metamaterials which display artificial optical properties. A detailed analysis of different types of metamaterials is presented, along with their theory and applications. The utilization of silicon nanopillars for producing photonic crystals and the enhanced reflection effects are discussed. Lastly, the theoretical background and designing of carbon nanotube forests-based Fresnel lenses are presented.

Graphene

Graphene
  • Author : Wonbong Choi,Jo-won Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9781439861882
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Summary : Since the late 20th century, graphene—a one-atom-thick planar sheet of sp2-bonded carbon atoms densely packed in a honeycomb crystal lattice—has garnered appreciable attention as a potential next-generation electronic material due to its exceptional properties. These properties include high current density, ballistic transport, chemical inertness, high thermal conductivity, optical transmittance, and super hydrophobicity at nanometer scale. In contrast to research on its excellent electronic and optoelectronic properties, research on the syntheses of a single sheet of graphene for industrial applications is in its nascent stages. Graphene: Synthesis and Applications reviews the advancement and future directions of graphene research in the areas of synthesis and properties, and explores applications, such as electronics, heat dissipation, field emission, sensors, composites, and energy.

2D and Quasi-2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials

2D and Quasi-2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials
  • Author : Ross Mcphedran,Simon Gluzman,Vladimir Mityushev,Natalia Rylko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-05
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9780128188200
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Summary : 2D and Quasi-2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials: Theory, Properties and Photonic Applications covers the theory, characterization and computational modeling of 2D composite materials and shows how they are used for the creation of materials for 3D structures The book covers three major themes: Properties of 2D and quasi-2D composites are discussed in the context of homogenization theory. Homogenization results are discussed for spatiotemporal material composites assembled from materials which are distributed on a micro-scale in space and in time. New types of transport phenomena and localization in random media are addressed, with particular attention to the non-reciprocity of transport coefficients. Plasmonics and magneto-optics are also of particular interest. Magneto-transport and sub-wavelength resolution in electromagnetic and acoustic imaging are further considered. This book is an important resource for materials scientists and engineers working on nanomaterials, photonic composites, and materials theory, modeling and simulations. Outlines major modelling techniques of 2D nanocomposites for photonic applications Explores how the properties of 2D nanocomposites make them suitable for use for building 3D structures Assesses the challenges of using 2D nanocomposites for designing new devices on a mass scale

2D Materials

2D Materials
  • Author : Phaedon Avouris,Tony F. Heinz,Tony Low
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-29
  • Total pages :523
  • ISBN : 9781107163713
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Summary : Learn about the most recent advances in 2D materials with this comprehensive and accessible text. Providing all the necessary materials science and physics background, leading experts discuss the fundamental properties of a wide range of 2D materials, and their potential applications in electronic, optoelectronic and photonic devices. Several important classes of materials are covered, from more established ones such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride, and transition metal dichalcogenides, to new and emerging materials such as black phosphorus, silicene, and germanene. Readers will gain an in-depth understanding of the electronic structure and optical, thermal, mechanical, vibrational, spin and plasmonic properties of each material, as well as the different techniques that can be used for their synthesis. Presenting a unified perspective on 2D materials, this is an excellent resource for graduate students, researchers and practitioners working in nanotechnology, nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, condensed matter physics, and chemistry.

Nanomaterials Handbook

Nanomaterials Handbook
  • Author : Yury Gogotsi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-26
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9781420004014
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Summary : Even before it was identified as a science and given a name, nanotechnology was the province of the most innovative inventors. In medieval times, craftsmen, ingeniously employing nanometer-sized gold particles, created the enchanting red hues found in the gold ruby glass of cathedral windows. Today, nanomaterials are being just as creatively used to improve old products, as well as usher in new ones. From tires to CRTs to sunscreens, nanomaterials are becoming a part of every industry. The Nanomaterials Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of nanomaterials. Employing terminology familiar to materials scientists and engineers, it provides an introduction that delves into the unique nature of nanomaterials. Looking at the quantum effects that come into play and other characteristics realized at the nano level, it explains how the properties displayed by nanomaterials can differ from those displayed by single crystals and conventional microstructured, monolithic, or composite materials. The introduction is followed by an in-depth investigation of carbon-based nanomaterials, which are as important to nanotechnology as silicon is to electronics. However, it goes beyond the usual discussion of nanotubes and nanofibers to consider graphite whiskers, cones and polyhedral crystals, and nanocrystalline diamonds. It also provides significant new information with regard to nanostructured semiconductors, ceramics, metals, biomaterials, and polymers, as well as nanotechnology’s application in drug delivery systems, bioimplants, and field-emission displays. The Nanomaterials Handbook is edited by world-renowned nanomaterials scientist Yury Gogotsi, who has recruited his fellow-pioneers from academia, national laboratories, and industry, to provide coverage of the latest material developments in America, Asia, Europe, and Australia.

Nano-optoelectronic Sensors and Devices

Nano-optoelectronic Sensors and Devices
  • Author : Ning Xi,King Wai Chiu Lai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :249
  • ISBN : 9781437734713
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Summary : Nanophotonics has emerged as a major technology and applications domain, exploiting the interaction of light-emitting and light-sensing nanostructured materials. These devices are light-weight, highly efficient, low on power consumption, and are cost effective to produce. The authors of this book have been involved in pioneering work in manufacturing photonic devices from carbon nanotube (CNT) nanowires and provide a series of practical guidelines for their design and manufacture, using processes such as nano-robotic manipulation and assembly methods. They also introduce the design and operational principles of opto-elctrical sensing devices at the nano scale. Thermal annealing and packaging processes are also covered, as key elements in a scalable manufacturing process. Examples of applications of different nanowire based photonic devices are presented. These include applications in the fields of electronics (e.g. FET, CNT Schotty diode) and solar energy. The book provides graduate students, practitioners and professionals with the background knowledge and tools needed to research and concretely develop new devices in the area of nano photonics and the necessary nano-manipulation and nano-assembly technologies required to do so. Discusses opto-electronic nanomaterials, characterization and properties from an engineering perspective, enabling the commercialization of key emerging technologies Provides scalable techniques for nanowire structure growth, manipulation and assembly (i.e. synthesis) Explores key application areas such as sensing, electronics and solar energy.

Biosensors Based on Nanomaterials and Nanodevices

Biosensors Based on Nanomaterials and Nanodevices
  • Author : Jun Li,Nianqiang Wu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :517
  • ISBN : 9781466551527
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Summary : Biosensors Based on Nanomaterials and Nanodevices links interdisciplinary research from leading experts to provide graduate students, academics, researchers, and industry professionals alike with a comprehensive source for key advancements and future trends in nanostructured biosensor development. It describes the concepts, principles, materials, device fabrications, functions, system integrations, and applications of various types of biosensors based on signal transduction mechanisms, including fluorescence, photonic crystal, surface-enhanced Raman scattering, electrochemistry, electro-luminescence, field-effect transistor, and magnetic effect. The book: Explains how to utilize the unique properties of nanomaterials to construct nanostructured biosensors to achieve enhanced performance Features examples of biosensors based on both typical and emerging nanomaterials, such as gold nanoparticles, quantum dots, graphene, graphene oxides, magnetic nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, inorganic nanowires/nanorods, plasmonic nanostructures, and photonic crystals Demonstrates the broad applications of nanostructured biosensors in environmental monitoring, food safety, industrial quality assurance, and in vitro and in vivo health diagnosis Inspires new ideas for tackling multiscale and multidisciplinary issues in developing high-performance biosensors for complex practical biomedical problems Focusing on the connection between nanomaterials research and biosensor development, Biosensors Based on Nanomaterials and Nanodevices illustrates the exciting possibilities and critical challenges of biosensors based on nanomaterials and nanodevices for future health monitoring, disease diagnosis, therapeutic treatments, and beyond.

Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics

Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics
  • Author : Joseph W. Haus
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-09
  • Total pages :426
  • ISBN : 9781782424871
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Summary : Fundamentals and Applications of Nanophotonics includes a comprehensive discussion of the field of nanophotonics, including key enabling technologies that have the potential to drive economic growth and impact numerous application domains such as ICT, the environment, healthcare, military, transport, manufacturing, and energy. This book gives readers the theoretical underpinnings needed to understand the latest advances in the field. After an introduction to the area, chapters two and three cover the essential topics of electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, and computation as they relate to nanophotonics. Subsequent chapters explore materials for nanophotonics, including nanoparticles, photonic crystals, nanosilicon, nanocarbon, III-V, and II-VI semiconductors. In addition, fabrication and characterization techniques are addressed, along with the importance of plasmonics, and the applications of nanophotonics in devices such as lasers, LEDs, and photodetectors. Covers electrodynamics, quantum mechanics and computation as these relate to nanophotonics Reviews materials, fabrication and characterization techniques for nanophotonics Describes applications of the technology such as lasers, LEDs and photodetectors

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene
  • Author : Kazuyoshi Tanaka,S. Iijima
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-10
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9780080982687
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Summary : Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene is a timely second edition of the original Science and Technology of Carbon Nanotubes. Updated to include expanded coverage of the preparation, purification, structural characterization, and common application areas of single- and multi-walled CNT structures, this work compares, contrasts, and, where appropriate, unitizes CNT to graphene. This much expanded second edition reference supports knowledge discovery, production of impactful carbon research, encourages transition between research fields, and aids the formation of emergent applications. New chapters encompass recent developments in the theoretical treatments of electronic and vibrational structures, and magnetic, optical, and electrical solid-state properties, providing a vital base to research. Current and potential applications of both materials, including the prospect for large-scale synthesis of graphene, biological structures, and flexible electronics, are also critically discussed. Updated discussion of properties, structure, and morphology of biological and flexible electronic applications aids fundamental knowledge discovery Innovative parallel focus on nanotubes and graphene enables you to learn from the successes and failures of, respectively, mature and emergent partner research disciplines High-quality figures and tables on physical and mathematical applications expertly summarize key information – essential if you need quick, critically relevant data

Two-Dimensional Carbon

Two-Dimensional Carbon
  • Author : Wu Yihong,Shen Zexiang,Yu Ting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-09
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9789814411950
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Summary : After a brief introduction to the fundamental properties of graphene, this book focuses on synthesis, characterization and application of various types of two-dimensional (2D) nanocarbons ranging from single/few layer graphene to carbon nanowalls and graphene oxides. Three major synthesis techniques are covered: epitaxial growth of graphene on SiC,

Carbon-Based Nanoelectromagnetics

Carbon-Based Nanoelectromagnetics
  • Author : Antonio Maffucci,Sergey Maksimenko,Yuri Svirko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-08
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9780081023945
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Summary : Carbon-Based Nanoelectromagnetics provides detailed insights into the electromagnetic interactions of carbon-based nanostructured materials such as graphene and carbon nanotubes. Chapters within the book offer a comprehensive overview on this discipline, starting with an introduction to the field-matter interaction, its features, and finally, its applications in microwave, THz and optical frequency ranges. Electromagnetics at the nanoscale level has become a major research area in recent years as the synthesis of a variety of carbon-based nanostructures has progressed dramatically, thus opening the era of nanoelectronics and nanophotonics. To meet the challenges of these new fields, a thorough knowledge is required of the peculiar properties of the electromagnetic field. The novel behavior of the electromagnetic fields interacting with nano-sized elements and nano-structured has motivated the birth of this new research discipline, ‘Nanoelectromagnetics’. Presents a one-stop resource that explores the emerging field of nanoelectromagnetics Focuses on modeling, simulation, analysis, design and characterization, with an emphasis on applications of nanoelectromagnetics Explores the optical properties and applications of a range of carbon-based nanomaterials

Carbon Nanotube Science

Carbon Nanotube Science
  • Author : Peter John Frederich Harris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-03-19
  • Total pages :301
  • ISBN : 9780521828956
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Summary : Provides coverage of all of the important aspects of carbon nanotube research, including synthesis, properties and potential applications.

Opto-Ireland 2002

Opto-Ireland 2002
  • Author : Werner J. Blau
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :1398
  • ISBN : UOM:39015052553065
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Summary :

Nanomaterials, Polymers and Devices

Nanomaterials, Polymers and Devices
  • Author : E. S. W. Kong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-27
  • Total pages :584
  • ISBN : 9780470048061
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Summary : This book provides comprehensive coverage of shape-memory polymers (SMPs), a growing area within "smart materials" research. After offering an introduction to the topic and the nature of shape-memory effects and superelasticity, the author offers an in-depth look at the properties, mechanics, and characterization of SMPs and thermoplastic elastomers. Information on the wide range of applications for these materials follows, including: bioplastics and biomedical devices; textiles and fabrics; optical, electronic, and mechanical parts for control systems; cosmetics and beauty products; automotive (or other novel) materials.

The Toxicology of Carbon Nanotubes

The Toxicology of Carbon Nanotubes
  • Author : Ken Donaldson,Craig Poland,Rodger Duffin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-21
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781107008373
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Summary : The first book on this subject, invaluable to researchers and professionals involved with toxicology, risk assessment and nanotube physics.

Graphene Photonics

Graphene Photonics
  • Author : Jia-Ming Liu,I-Tan Lin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-30
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9781108476683
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Summary : Graphene is a single-layer crystal of carbon, the thinnest two-dimensional material. It has unique electronic and photonic properties.