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Cardiovascular Implications of Stress and Depression

Cardiovascular Implications of Stress and Depression
  • Author : Paul D. Chantler,Kevin T. Larkin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-27
  • Total pages :377
  • ISBN : 9780128150160
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Summary : Cardiovascular Implications of Stress and Depression provides an in-depth examination on how exposure to stress influences risk for cardiovascular disease and how depression is associated with this relationship. This authoritative volume examines causal pathways linking stress, depression and cardiovascular disease. In addition, it provides mechanistic insights into how environmental stress can lead to cardiovascular diseases. Current information about mechanistic factors, clinical and epidemiological aspects, and management issues associated with stress/depression are presented. These insights demonstrate how the mechanisms behind chronic stress and depression lead to cardiovascular diseases. In addition, their role in existing diseases (such as obesity, hypertension, and diabetes) is explored. Provides the latest information on how stress leads to depression and how stress/depression interacts to accelerate cardiovascular diseases, including stroke Delivers insights on how mechanisms of stress/depression affect vasculature Explores how to best research this topic from human and pre-clinical models

Stress and Cardiovascular Disease

Stress and Cardiovascular Disease
  • Author : Paul Hjemdahl,Annika Rosengren,Andrew Steptoe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-01
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : 184882419X
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Summary : The main aim of this book is to evaluate the concept of stress and provide tools for physicians to identify patients who might benefit from stress management. This will incorporate a detailed description of the physiological and pathophysiological consequences of acute and chronic stress that might lead to cardiovascular disease. The book will aim to critically evaluate interventional research (behavioural and other therapies) and provide evidence based recommendations on how to manage stress in the cardiovascular patient. Our intentions are to define and highlight stress as an etiological factor for cardiovascular disease, and to describe an evidence based "tool box" that physicians may use to identify and manage patients in whom stress may be an important contributing factor for their disease and their risk of suffering cardiovascular complications.

Handbook of Psychocardiology

Handbook of Psychocardiology
  • Author : Marlies Alvarenga,Don Byrne
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-11
  • Total pages :750
  • ISBN : 9812872051
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Summary : This handbook brings together the full weight of contemporary evidence bearing on what is now commonly termed “psycho-cardiology”. It focuses on the role of psycho-social factors in the genesis and clinical management of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The book constitutes a critically reviewed compendium of current knowledge in the area, coupled with guides to evidence-based best practice in the field of psycho-cardiology. The following categories are covered: Social/demographic risk for CVD, Personality and CVD risk, Stress and CVD risk, Psychopathology (particularly affective disorders) and CVD risk, The psychological management of those with clinical CVD, Psychology in the prevention of CVD. The book integrates the evidence into a compelling argument that clinicians, researchers and those in public health will discount the role of psychological factors in regard to CVD at their own peril. And importantly for clinicians charged with the care of patients with CVD, the book poses the argument that failure to recognize the links between psychological factors and CVD may well be at the considerable peril of those patients under their care.

Index Medicus

Index Medicus
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32436011091632
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Summary :

Neurobiology of Depression

Neurobiology of Depression
  • Author : Joao Luciano de Quevedo,Andre Ferrer Carvalho,Carlos A. Zarate
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-03
  • Total pages :471
  • ISBN : 9780128133347
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Summary : Neurobiology of Depression: Road to Novel Therapeutics synthesizes the basic neurobiology of major depressive disorder with discussions on the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of MDD, omics technologies, genetic approaches, and the development of novel optogenetic approaches that are changing research perspectives and revolutionizing research into depression. These basic foundational understandings on the neurobiology underlying the disorder, along with a comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research are combined in this book to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of MDD. Depression is one of the most common mental-health disorders caused by a variety of genetic, biological, environmental and psychological factors. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is typically treated with first-line antidepressant agents that primarily target monoamine neurotransmission. However, only approximately one-third of patients with MDD achieve remission following a trial with such an antidepressant. Furthermore, MDD is a heterogeneous phenotype, and new frameworks, such as the NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) may provide a more accurate, biologically based comprehension of the symptomatic heterogeneity of this devastating illness. Aids readers in understanding major depressive disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers a range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments, to antidepressants and novel therapeutics Synthesizes discussions on the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with the clinical aspects of depression

Well-being and Quality of Life

Well-being and Quality of Life
  • Author : Mukadder Mollaoglu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-06
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9789535135135
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Summary : The chapters in this book focus on the physical, social, and emotional components of the concept of quality of life. How diseases affect the quality of life of people is mainly discussed. The influence of diseases on quality of life in age-specific periods such as childhood, youth, and old age is also emphasized. In some non-disease-related environmental factors, specific social phenomena have also been analyzed. I hope that current research and research results in the book will be used to increase the quality of life by health professionals. This book will attract not only health workers but also environmentalists and social scientists and behavioral scientists.

Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation

Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Sleep Medicine and Research
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-10-13
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9780309101110
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Summary : Clinical practice related to sleep problems and sleep disorders has been expanding rapidly in the last few years, but scientific research is not keeping pace. Sleep apnea, insomnia, and restless legs syndrome are three examples of very common disorders for which we have little biological information. This new book cuts across a variety of medical disciplines such as neurology, pulmonology, pediatrics, internal medicine, psychiatry, psychology, otolaryngology, and nursing, as well as other medical practices with an interest in the management of sleep pathology. This area of research is not limited to very young and old patientsâ€"sleep disorders reach across all ages and ethnicities. Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation presents a structured analysis that explores the following: Improving awareness among the general public and health care professionals. Increasing investment in interdisciplinary somnology and sleep medicine research training and mentoring activities. Validating and developing new and existing technologies for diagnosis and treatment. This book will be of interest to those looking to learn more about the enormous public health burden of sleep disorders and sleep deprivation and the strikingly limited capacity of the health care enterprise to identify and treat the majority of individuals suffering from sleep problems.

Work-related Factors and Ill Health

Work-related Factors and Ill Health
  • Author : Stephen A. Stansfeld,University College, London. Department of Epidemiology and Public Health
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :61
  • ISBN : UCBK:C073377859
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Summary :

Effects of Lifestyle on Men's Health

Effects of Lifestyle on Men's Health
  • Author : Faysal A. Yafi,Natalie H. Yafi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-21
  • Total pages :443
  • ISBN : 9780128169407
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Summary : Effects of Lifestyle on Men’s Health provides an evidence-based review of the effects of modifiable risk factors such as sleep, diet, stress and exercise on various elements of men’s health, notably sexual function, urinary function and cancer prevention and detection. Content highlights the most up-to-date basic and clinical information available, along with future research directions. Each chapter provides an easy to reference bullet point style summary to highlight the salient take-home messages from each section. Researchers and clinicians alike can use this book as a reference point for all matters related to lifestyle and men’s health. Offers an evidence-based review of the associations between modifiable risk factors (diet, lifestyle, sleep, environment and exercise) and men’s health Delivers examples of how changes to risk factors improve overall health Provides insight into what the future of men’s health holds in terms of basic and clinical research

Effects of Negative Affect, Caregiving Stress, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors on Coagulation Responses to Acute Psychological Stress

Effects of Negative Affect, Caregiving Stress, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors on Coagulation Responses to Acute Psychological Stress
  • Author : Kristin Aschbacher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822009476631
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Summary : Research suggests that depression is associated with heightened risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, independent of sociodemographic, behavioral and medical factors. Chronic stressors, such as caring for a spouse with Alzheimer's disease may contribute to CVD risk, partly through increased symptoms of negative affect and heightened platelet activation. Objectives: (1) To investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between negative affect and platelet activation. (2) To investigate whether the magnitude of these associations is greater among dementia caregivers compared to non-caregivers. (3) To explore the impact of age, gender, preexisting cardiovascular disease, and medication usage (particularly Hormone Replacement Therapy) on platelet activation among caregivers. This study utilized a pre-existing data set consisting of 99 caregivers and 50 non-caregivers (average age 71 years), who were assessed over a 3-year period. Caregiver burden and negative affect were assessed using the Role Overload Instrument and the depressive and anxious symptom subscales of the Brief Symptom Inventory. Plasma norepinephrine levels were assayed using enzyme linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA). Three measures of platelet activation were obtained through flow cytometric analyses: (1) Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa expression, (2) P-selectin expression, and (3) % platelet aggregates. In order to elicit platelet and norepinephrine reactivity, participants completed an acute stress test, and blood was drawn at three time-points (baseline, post-speech, and after 14 minutes of recovery). Four separate studies are presented as separate manuscripts. The results establish that depressive and anxious symptoms were significantly related to norepinephrine and platelet activation in response to acute stress among caregivers but not among non-caregivers. Methodological findings support the validity of the acute stress test as a tool for provoking platelet activation in longitudinal designs. The combined influence of hormone replacement therapy and caregiving stress was associated with prolonged platelet activation among post-menopausal women. Persistent assessments of negative affect bore stronger and more consistent relationships to platelet activity than transient assessments. In sum, exaggerated platelet activation in response to stress, affect, or pharmacological risk may contribute to the development or evolution of cardiovascular disease processes, under conditions of chronic stress such as caregiving.

Stress Challenges and Immunity in Space

Stress Challenges and Immunity in Space
  • Author : Alexander Choukèr
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-27
  • Total pages :771
  • ISBN : 9783030169961
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Summary : This book explains how stress – either psychological or physical – can activate and/or paralyse human innate or adaptive immunity. Adequate immunity is crucial for maintaining health, both on Earth and in space. During space flight, human physiology is specifically challenged by complex environmental stressors, which are most pronounced during lunar or interplanetary missions. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, the book identifies the impact of these stressors – the space exposome – on immunity as a result of (dys-)functions of specific cells, organs and organ networks. These conditions (e.g. gravitation changes, radiation, isolation/confinement) affect immunity, but at the same time provide insights that may help to prevent, diagnose and address immune-related health alterations. Written by experts from academia, space agencies and industry, the book is a valuable resource for professionals, researchers and students in the field of medicine, biology and technology. The chapters “The Impact of Everyday Stressors on the Immune System and Health”, “Stress and Radiation Responsiveness” and “Assessment of Radiosensitivity and Biomonitoring of Exposure to Space adiation” are available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Stress and Your Health

Stress and Your Health
  • Author : Hymie Anisman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-12
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9781118850336
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Summary : Stress and Your Health: From Vulnerability to Resilience presents an evidence-based evaluation of the various effects of stress, along with methods to alleviate distress and stress-related illnesses. Examines myriad stressor effects and proven ways to alleviate stress in our lives Covers a wide range of stressor-related topics including therapeutic strategies to deal with stress and factors that hinder treatment of stress Makes difficult biochemical and immunological concepts accessible to a non-specialist audience Addresses many of the factors that cause individuals to be more vulnerable to the impact of stressors and at increased risk for pathology

Inflammation-Associated Depression: Evidence, Mechanisms and Implications

Inflammation-Associated Depression: Evidence, Mechanisms and Implications
  • Author : Robert Dantzer,Lucile Capuron
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-28
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9783319511528
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Summary : Inflammation has invaded the field of psychiatry. The finding that cytokines are elevated in various affective and psychotic disorders brings to the forefront the necessity of identifying the precise research domain criteria (RDoCs) that inflammation is responsible for. This task is certainly the most advanced in major depressive disorders. The reason is that a dearth of clinical and preclinical studies has demonstrated that inflammation can cause symptoms of depression and conversely, cytokine antagonists can attenuate symptoms of depression in medical and psychiatric patients with chronic low grade inflammation. Important knowledge has been gained on the symptom dimensions that inflammation is driving and the mechanisms of action of cytokines in the brain, providing new targets for drug research and development. The aim of the book “Inflammation-Associated Depression” is to present this field of research and its implications in a didactic and comprehensive manner to basic and clinical scientists, psychiatrists, physicians, and students at the graduate level.

Physical Consequences of Depression

Physical Consequences of Depression
  • Author : Jogin H. Thakore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :239
  • ISBN : UOM:39015055576766
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Summary : First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Upside of Stress

The Upside of Stress
  • Author : Kelly McGonigal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-05
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780698170803
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Summary : The author of The Willpower Instinct delivers a controversial and groundbreaking new book that overturns long-held beliefs about stress. More than forty-four percent of Americans admit to losing sleep over stress. And while most of us do everything we can to reduce it, Stanford psychologist and bestselling author Kelly McGonigal, Ph.D., delivers a startling message: Stress isn’t bad. In The Upside of Stress, McGonigal highlights new research indicating that stress can, in fact, make us stronger, smarter, and happier—if we learn how to embrace it. The Upside of Stress is the first book to bring together cutting-edge discoveries on the correlation between resilience—the human capacity for stress-related growth—and mind-set, the power of beliefs to shape reality. As she did in The Willpower Instinct, McGonigal combines science, stories, and exercises into an engaging and practical book that is both entertaining and life-changing, showing you: how to cultivate a mind-set to embrace stress how stress can provide focus and energy how stress can help people connect and strengthen close relationships why your brain is built to learn from stress, and how to increase its ability to learn from challenging experiences McGonigal’s TED talk on the subject has already received more than 7 million views. Her message resonates with people who know they can’t eliminate the stress in their lives and want to learn to take advantage of it. The Upside of Stress is not a guide to getting rid of stress, but a guide to getting better at stress, by understanding it, embracing it, and using it. From the Hardcover edition.

The Amygdala

The Amygdala
  • Author : Barbara Ferry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-05
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9789535132493
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Summary : The amygdala is a central component of the limbic system, which is known to play a critical role in emotional processing of learning and memory. Over these last 20 years, major advances in techniques for examining brain activity greatly helped the scientific community to determine the nature of the contribution of the amygdala to these fundamental aspects of cognition. Combined with new conceptual breakthroughs, research data obtained in animals and humans have also provided major insights into our understanding of the processes by which amygdala dysfunction contributes to various brain disorders, such as autism or Alzheimer's disease. Although the primary goal of this book is to inform experts and newcomers of some of the latest data in the field of brain structures involved in the mechanisms underlying emotional learning and memory, we hope it will also help stimulate discussion on the functional role of the amygdala and connected brain structures in these mechanisms.

Clinical Cardiac Rehabilitation

Clinical Cardiac Rehabilitation
  • Author : Fredric J. Pashkow,William A. Dafoe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :391
  • ISBN : UOM:39015029156497
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Summary : Covers diagnosis and prescription of exercise program imp- lementation and function/vocational issues & disability/etc.

Stress Testing

Stress Testing
  • Author : Myrvin H. Ellestad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :593
  • ISBN : UOM:39015034895949
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Summary : (3E 1986) Cardiovascular & pulmonary responses to exercise/ physiology of cardiac ischemia/stress testing protocol/etc.

Handbook of Health Psychology

Handbook of Health Psychology
  • Author : Tracey A. Revenson,Regan A. R. Gurung
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-18
  • Total pages :540
  • ISBN : 9781351683265
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Summary : This rich resource provides a thorough overview of current knowledge and new directions in the study of the biological, psychological, social, and cultural factors that affect health, health behavior, and illness. Chapters review the latest theories and research with an emphasis on how research is translated into behavioral medicine interventions. Featuring contributions from top researchers and rising stars in the field, authors provide a theoretical foundation; evaluate the empirical evidence; and make suggestions for future research, clinical practice, and policy. The handbook reflects the latest approaches to health psychology today, including: Emphasis throughout on the socio-cultural aspects of health, including socioeconomic status, gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, and age/developmental stage A new section on emerging areas in health psychology, including behavioral genomics, military veterans' health, and digital health Coverage of prevention, interventions, and treatment in the applications section An expansion of the biopsychosocial model across several levels of analysis, including cultural, macro-social, and cellular factors Sustained emphasis on translating research into practice and policy The handbook considers the intersections of concepts (behavior change), populations (women's and sexual minority health), cultural groups (African American, Asian American, and Latino), risk and protective factors (obesity, coping), and diseases (cancer, diabetes, HIV), making it essential reading for scholars of health psychology, public health, epidemiology, and nursing. Novices to the field appreciate the accessibly written chapters, while seasoned professionals appreciate the book's deep, cutting-edge coverage.

First Episode Psychosis

First Episode Psychosis
  • Author : Katherine J. Aitchison,Robin M. Murray,Patrick J. R. Power,Eva M. Tsapakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-02-17
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 1853174351
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Summary : The new edition of this popular handbook has been thoroughly updated to include the latest data concerning treatment of first-episode patients. Drawing from their experience, the authors discuss the presentation and assessment of the first psychotic episode and review the appropriate use of antipsychotic agents and psychosocial approaches in effective management.

Psychiatry and Heart Disease

Psychiatry and Heart Disease
  • Author : Michelle Riba,Lawson Wulsin,Melvyn Rubenfire,Divy Ravindranath
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-31
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9781118307960
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Summary : This unique book will help psychiatrists to understand better the risks of cardiovascular illness and cardiologists to appreciate possible pathophysiological links with psychiatric conditions. It describes the common psychiatric conditions, their key features and how they may influence cardiovascular disease, outcomes, and quality of life. It also considers the cardiovascular complications that may arise as a result of mental illness. In an exciting, collaborative approach, psychiatrists and cardiologists combine their expertise throughout the book to provide guidance on the best way to manage such patients, considering the patient as a whole, not the individual conditions.