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Carotenoids: Properties, Processing and Applications

Carotenoids: Properties, Processing and Applications
  • Author : Charis M. Galanakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-27
  • Total pages :385
  • ISBN : 9780128173145
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Summary : Carotenoids: Properties, Processing, and Applications fills the gap of transfer knowledge between academia and industry, covering integral information in three critical dimensions: properties, recovery and applications. At the moment, carotenoid research is directed at particular applications, including colorants, antioxidants and recovery from plant processing by-products. These trends take into account the health, nutrition and functions of carotenoids, the new recovery efforts from underutilized sources, the extraction procedures using green solvents and technologies, and their sustainability aspects. Written by a team of experts in the field of food chemistry, food science and technology, as well as bioresource technologists mainly from academia, the book covers the most recent advances in the field of carotenoids, while also analyzing the potential of already commercialized processes and products. Covers carotenoids’ properties in view of alternative sources (plant by-products, microalgae, etc.), recovery technologies and applications Thoroughly explores mechanistic aspects, dietary intake and recommendations surrounding the health-promoting effects of carotenoids Discusses the effect of processing and storage conditions in carotenoid levels and bioavailability Presents applications and case studies in the food industry

Carotenoids

Carotenoids
  • Author : Dragan Cvetkovic,Goran Nikolic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-14
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9789535132110
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Summary : Carotenoids are one of the most widespread pigment groups distributed in nature; more than 700 natural carotenoids have been described so far. These pigments are known for versatile roles they play in living organisms; however, their most pivotal function is involvement in scavenging of reactive oxygen species and photoprotection. In the same time, carotenoids as natural pigments with important biological activities, such as antioxidant and provitamin A activity, have a great potential in the food, feed and pharmaceutical industries. They can be either extracted from plants and algae or synthesized by various microorganisms, including bacteria, yeasts, filamentous fungi and microalgae.

Nutraceutical and Functional Food Components

Nutraceutical and Functional Food Components
  • Author : Charis Michel Galanakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-16
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9780128096505
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Summary : Nutraceutical and Functional Food Components: Effects of Innovative Processing Techniques presents the latest information on the chemistry, biochemistry, toxicology, health effects, and nutrition characteristics of food components and the recent trends and practices that the food industry (e.g. the implementation of non-thermal technologies, nanoencapsulation, new extraction techniques, and new sources, like by-products, etc.) has adopted. This book fills the gap in knowledge by denoting the impact of recent food industry advances in different parameters of food components (e.g. nutritional value, physical and chemical properties, bioavailability and bioaccessibility characteristics) and final products (e.g. applications, shelf-life, sensory characteristics). Provides a holistic view of the interactions between novel processing techniques and food components Explains how innovative techniques, such as non-thermal, nano-encapsulation, waste recovery, and novel extraction and processing methods impact the nutritional value of ingredients commonly used in functional food and nutraceutical products Covers food applications, shelf-life, and sensory characteristics

Glucosinolates: Properties, Recovery, and Applications

Glucosinolates: Properties, Recovery, and Applications
  • Author : Charis M. Galanakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-02
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9780128164945
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Summary : Glucosinolates: Properties, Recovery and Applications covers all the important aspects of glucosinolates (properties, processing and recovery issues, particular applications). Starting from the metabolism, health effects and biosynthesis of glucosinolates, the book then deals with recovery, analysis and processing issues in order to reveal their potential applications. Bringing the latest advances in the field, the book also covers practical approaches and applications, giving emphasis to their diversity in plants, the debate of "good" and "bad" glucosinolates, biosynthetic pathways and metabolism, the influence of the food supply chain on decomposition and intake, sustainable sources of glucosinolates, processing and cooking effects, and more. Written by a team of chemists, biochemists, food scientists and technologists, this book is a helpful resource for anyone dealing with food science, technology and new product developments in food, natural products and in health industries. Thoroughly explores the most trending topics of glucosinolates, giving emphasis on their diversity in plants Covers properties, processing, recovery issues and particular applications of glucosinolates Brings the health effects of glucosinolates, metabolomics and decomposition

Antioxidants in Food

Antioxidants in Food
  • Author : Jan Pokorny,Nelly Yanishlieva,Michael H. Gordon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-04-12
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 0849312221
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Summary : Antioxidants are an increasingly important ingredient in food processing. Their traditional role is, as their name suggests, in inhibiting the development of oxidative rancidity in fat-based foods, particularly meat and dairy products and fried foods. However, more recent research has suggested a new role in inhibiting cardiovascular disease and cancer. Antioxidants in Food: Practical Applications provides a review of the functional role of antioxidants and discusses how they can be effectively exploited by the food industry. The first part of the book looks at antioxidants and food stability with chapters on the development of oxidative rancidity in foods, methods for inhibiting oxidation, and ways of measuring antioxidant activity. Part 2 looks at antioxidants and health, including chapters on antioxidants and cardiovascular disease, their antitumour properties, and bioavailability. A major trend in the food industry, driven by consumer concerns, has been the shift from the use of synthetic to natural ingredients in food products. Part 3 looks at the range of natural antioxidants available to the food manufacturer. The final section of the book looks at how these natural antioxidants can be effectively exploited, covering such issues as regulation, preparation, antixoxidant processing functionality and their use in a range of food products from meat and dairy products, frying oils and fried products, to fruit and vegetables and cereal products.

Biobased Products and Industries

Biobased Products and Industries
  • Author : Charis M. Galanakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-23
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9780128201534
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Summary : Biobased Products and Industries fills the gap between academia and industry by covering all the important aspects of biobased products and their relevant industries in one single reference. Highlighting different perspectives of the bioeconomy, EU relevant projects, as well as the environmental impact of biobased materials and sustainability, the book covers biobased polymers, plastics, nanocomposites, packaging materials, electric devices, biofuels, textiles, consumer goods, and biocatalysis for the decarboxylation and decarboxylation of biobased molecules, including biobased products from alternative sources (algae) and the biobased production of chemicals through metabolic engineering. Focusing on the most recent advances in the field, the book also analyzes the potentiality of already commercialized processes and products. Highlights the important aspects of biobased products as well as their relevant industries in one single reference Focuses on the most recent advances in the field, analyzing the potentiality of already commercialized processes and products Provides an ideal resource for anyone dealing with bioresource technology, biomass valorization and new products development

Processing and Impact on Active Components in Food

Processing and Impact on Active Components in Food
  • Author : Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-27
  • Total pages :724
  • ISBN : 9780124047099
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Summary : From beef to baked goods, fish to flour, antioxidants are added to preserve the shelf life of foods and ensure consumer acceptability. These production-added components may also contribute to the overall availability of essential nutrients for intake as well as the prevention of the development of unwelcome product characteristics such as off-flavours or colours. However, there are processes that reduce the amount of naturally occurring antioxidants and awareness of that potential is just as important for those in product research and development. There is a practical need to understand not only the physiological importance of antioxidants in terms of consumer health benefit, but how they may be damaged or enhanced through the processing and packaging phases. This book presents information key to understanding how antioxidants change during production of a wide variety of food products, with a focus toward how this understanding may be translated effectively to other foods as well. Addresses how the composition of food is altered, the analytical techniques used, and the applications to other foods Presents in-chapter summary points and other translational insights into concepts, techniques, findings and approaches to processing of other foods Explores advances in analytical and methodological science within each chapter

Pulse Foods

Pulse Foods
  • Author : Brijesh K. Tiwari,Aoife Gowen,Brian McKenna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-01
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128181850
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Summary : Pulse Foods: Processing, Quality and Nutraceutical Applications, Second Edition, provides up-to-date information on emerging technologies for the processing of whole pulses, techniques for fractionating pulses into ingredients, their functional and nutritional properties, as well as their potential applications, so that the food industry can incorporate pulses into new food products. Since the first edition, significant developments have occurred in various aspects of pulse, pulse chemistry, processing and applications. This second edition provides thorough and authoritative coverage of pulse quality, technology and nutraceutical applications. Pulse Foods: Processing, Quality and Nutraceutical Applications, Second Edition, will continue to be an important resource for academics, students, researchers and industry professionals in providing essential details on various aspects of pulse foods. Fully revised and updated with new chapters on nutritional and health properties, storage and pre-processing, extraction technologies and sustainability topics Addresses processing challenges relevant to legume and pulse grain processors Delivers insights into the current state-of-art and emerging processing technologies In depth coverage of developments in nutraceutical applications of pulse protein and carbohydrate based foods

Progress in Carotenoid Research

Progress in Carotenoid Research
  • Author : Leila Queiroz Zepka,Eduardo Jacob-Lopes,Veridiana Vera De Rosso
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-26
  • Total pages :228
  • ISBN : 9781789237160
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Summary : The book "Progress in Carotenoid Research" presents an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the biology, biochemistry, and chemistry of carotenoids. Divided into 14 discrete parts, this book covers topics on basic science and applied technology of carotenoid molecules. This book provides an insight into future developments in each field and has an extensive bibliography. It will be an essential resource for researchers and academic and industry professionals in the natural pigment field.

Food Colorants

Food Colorants
  • Author : Carmen Socaciu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-24
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 1420009281
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Summary : Drawing on the expertise of internationally known, interdisciplinary scientists and researchers, Food Colorants: Chemical and Functional Properties provides an integrative image of the scientific characteristics, functionality, and applications of color molecules as pigments in food science and technology, as well as their impact on health. The book emphasizes the structure-function relationships of pigment molecules to explain biosynthesis, modifications and degradation during storage and processing, and the effect of these changes on quality and safety. Understanding the rate and nature of degradation assists in selecting optimum processing parameters. Beginning with an overview of the physics and biochemistry of color, the book focuses on the mechanics of pigment stability and bioavailability, and antioxidant and pro-oxidant action. It reviews the influence of pigments on health and metabolism, incorporating results of in vivo and in vitro studies. It addresses the occurrence of pigment in food matrices and their stability during processing and storage. Conventional technologies as well as new, environmentally friendly methods are presented along with recent advances in biotechnology to produce colorants. There is also a chapter on novel approaches to the biosynthesis of colorants by microalgae, microorganisms, and genetic engineering. Contributions give significant attention to analytical methods and recent advances in detecting both natural and synthetic colorants, their quality, quantity, and degradation during processing and storage. The book rounds out its comprehensive coverage with a look at quality and safety risk assessments and international regulations, as well as lists of formerly and newly approved colorants and additives. Peer reviewed contributions and critical evaluations ensure a concise, systematic presentation of the relationships between the chemical nature and functional properties of various natural and synthetic pigments used to color food.

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes,Subcommittee on Interpretation and Uses of DRIs,Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients,Panel on Dietary Antioxidants and Related Compounds
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-08-27
  • Total pages :529
  • ISBN : 9780309069359
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Summary : This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series of quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets for healthy people. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) is the newest framework for an expanded approach developed by U.S. and Canadian scientists. This book discusses in detail the role of vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and the carotenoids in human physiology and health. For each nutrient the committee presents what is known about how it functions in the human body, which factors may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease. Dietary Reference Intakes provides reference intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for different groups based on age and gender, along with a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), designed to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient.

Carotenoid Chemistry and Biochemistry

Carotenoid Chemistry and Biochemistry
  • Author : International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Division of Organic Chemistry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1982
  • Total pages :399
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822003705704
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Summary :

Processing and Impact on Antioxidants in Beverages

Processing and Impact on Antioxidants in Beverages
  • Author : Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-05
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9780124046955
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Summary : Processing and Impact on Antioxidants in Beverages presents information key to understanding how antioxidants change during production of beverages, how production options can be used to enhance antioxidant benefit, and how to determine the production process that will result in the optimum antioxidant benefit while retaining consumer acceptability. In the food industry, antioxidants are added to preserve the shelf life of foods and to prevent off-flavors from developing. These production-added components also contribute to the overall availability of essential nutrients for intake. Moreover, some production processes reduce the amount of naturally occurring antioxidants. Thus, in terms of food science, it is important to understand not only the physiological importance of antioxidants, but what they are, how much are in the different food ingredients, and how they are damaged or enhanced through the processing and packaging phases. This book specifically addresses the composition and characterization of antioxidants in coffee, green tea, soft drinks, beer, and wine. Processing techniques considered here include fermentation and aging, high-pressure homogenization, enzymatic debittering, and more. Lastly, the book considers several selective antioxidant assays, such as Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) and Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity (TEAC) assays. Provides insights into processing options for enhanced antioxidant bioavailability Presents correlation potentials for increased total antioxidant capacity Includes methods for the in situ or in-line monitoring of antioxidants to reduce industrial loss of antioxidants in beverages Proposes processing of concentrated fractions of antioxidants that can be added to foods

Downstream Processing Biosurfactants Carotenoids

Downstream Processing Biosurfactants Carotenoids
  • Author : Armin Fiechter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :183
  • ISBN : UVA:X002740981
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Summary :

Food Oxidants and Antioxidants

Food Oxidants and Antioxidants
  • Author : Grzegorz Bartosz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-21
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9781439882429
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Summary : Food antioxidants are of primary importance for the preservation of food quality during processing and storage. However, the status of food depends on a balance of antioxidants and prooxidants occurring in food. Food Oxidants and Antioxidants: Chemical, Biological, and Functional Properties provides a single-volume reference on the effects of naturally occurring and process-generated prooxidants and antioxidants on various aspects of food quality. The book begins with a general introduction to oxidation in food and then characterizes the main oxidants present in food, including enzymatic oxidants. Chapters cover oxidation potential, mechanisms of oxidation of the main food components (proteins and lipids), addition of exogenous oxidants during food processing, and the effects of physical agents such as irradiation, freeze-thawing, and high hydrostatic pressure during processing. The book also discusses the effects of oxidation on sensory characteristics of food components and analyzes how oxidation and antioxidants affect the nutritive and health-promoting features of food components. The text examines natural antioxidants in food, including lesser-known ones such as amino acids and polysaccharides, antioxidants generated in food as a result of processing, mechanisms of antioxidant activity, and measurement of antioxidant activity of food components. It explores the bioavailability of curcuminoid and carotenoids antioxidants and presents case studies on natural food antioxidants, presenting novel extraction methods for preservation of antioxidant activity. The final chapters address functional antioxidant foods and beverages as well as general ideas on the effects of food on the redox homeostasis of the organism.

Carotenoids and Human Health

Carotenoids and Human Health
  • Author : Sherry A. Tanumihardjo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-28
  • Total pages :331
  • ISBN : 9781627032032
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Summary : Carotenoids and Human Health provides an introduction to food sources and metabolism. Written by experts in their fields and including the most up-to-date information, this volume serves as an in-depth guide to studies that have been performed in humans and observations that have been made in population level assessments. Special emphasis is given to associations with disease, as well as the importance of carotenoids internationally, specifically as a source of vitamin A for the world. Comprehensive and easy to use, Carotenoids and Human Health is a very useful resource for nutritionists, registered dieticians, medical students, and graduate students.

Antioxidants in Foods and Its Applications

Antioxidants in Foods and Its Applications
  • Author : Emad Shalaby,Ghada Mostafa Azzam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-11
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : 9781789233780
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Summary : Free radicals are atoms or molecules containing unpaired electrons. Damage occurs when the free radical encounters another molecule and seeks to find another electron to pair its unpaired electron. Free radicals can cause mutation in different biological compounds such as protein, nucleic acids, and lipids, and the damage caused by the free radicals lead to various diseases (cancer, cardiovascular disease, aging, etc.). Antioxidants are helpful in reducing and preventing damage from free radical reactions because of their ability to donate electrons, which neutralize the radical without forming another. Ascorbic acid, for example, can lose an electron to a free radical and remain stable itself by passing its unstable electron around the antioxidant molecule. Unfortunately, new data indicate that the synthetic antioxidants used in the industry could have carcinogenic effects on human cells, thus fueling an intense search for new, natural, and efficient antioxidants. Therefore, the current book discusses the role and source of antioxidant compounds in nutrition and diets. Also, the current book includes nine chapters contributed by experts around the world, and the chapters are categorized into two sections: "Antioxidant Compounds and Biological Activities" and "Natural Antioxidants and Applications."

Valorization of Fruit Processing By-products

Valorization of Fruit Processing By-products
  • Author : Charis M. Galanakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-14
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9780128173732
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Summary : Valorization of Fruit Processing By-products covers the most recent advances in the field of fruit processing by-products following sustainability principles. The urgent need for sustainability within the food industry necessitates research to investigate the handling of by-products with another perspective, e.g. by adapting more profitable options. This book covers the latest developments in this particular direction. It promotes success stories and solutions that ensure the sustainable management of different fruit processing by-products (namely apple, apricot, avocado, Castanea sativa, citrus, date, mango, melon, passion fruit, pineapple, pink guava, pomegranate and watermelon), giving emphasis on the recovery of polyphenols, antioxidants and dietary fiber. Written by a team of experts in food processing and engineering, chemistry and food waste, this title is the definite guide for all the involved partners, engineers, professionals and producers active in the field. Explores fruit processing techniques, scale up limitations and economical evaluation for each source of fruit processing by-product Discusses the valorization of by-products derived from different fruits Features the following fruits, including apple, avocado, chestnut, citrus, date, mango, melon and watermelon, passion fruit, pineapple, pink guava and pomegranate

Carotenoids, Volume 2: Synthesis

Carotenoids, Volume 2: Synthesis
  • Author : George Britton,Hanspeter Pfander,Synnove Liaaen-Jensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-05
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 3764352973
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Summary : "Carotenoids, Volume 2" is the first book to be devoted entirely to the chemical synthesis of carotenoids. The essential in-depth appreciation of the perspectives, principles and strategies of carotenoid synthesis is provided in the first chapter. Preparation of polyene synthons and carotenoid end groups, and the coupling reactions commonly used for carbon-carbon double bond formation, as well as the application of these methods and synthons for the synthesis of carotenoids, are then described in detail. The commercially important technical syntheses used for the large scale industrial production of carotenoids, and methods for the preparation of isotopically labelled carotenoids, in particular for biological and medical applications, are also covered. Following the practice established in Volume 1A, Worked Examples are presented. These describe in detail reliable and efficient procedures for key reactions and can be used to form the basis of practical exercises for students of organic chemistry. Tables of useful synthons and a list of natural carotenoids that have been prepared by total synthesis are included as appendices.

Handbook of Antioxidants for Food Preservation

Handbook of Antioxidants for Food Preservation
  • Author : Fereidoon Shahidi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-25
  • Total pages :514
  • ISBN : 9781782420972
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Summary : Lipid oxidation in food leads to rancidity, which compromises the sensory properties of food and makes it unappealing to consumers. The growing trend towards natural additives and preservatives means that new antioxidants are emerging for use in foods. This book provides an overview of the food antioxidants currently available and their applications in different food products. Part one provides background information on a comprehensive list of the main natural and synthetic antioxidants used in food. Part two looks at methodologies for using antioxidants in food, focusing on the efficacy of antioxidants. Part three covers the main food commodities in which antioxidants are used. Reviews the various types of antioxidants used in food preservation, including chapters on tea extracts, natural plant extracts and synthetic phenolics Analyses the performance of antixoxidants in different food systems Compiles significant international research and advancements

Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-22
  • Total pages :2194
  • ISBN : 9780128140451
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Summary : Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry is the ideal primer for food scientists, researchers, students and young professionals who want to acquaint themselves with food chemistry. Well-organized, clearly written, and abundantly referenced, the book provides a foundation for readers to understand the principles, concepts, and techniques used in food chemistry applications. Articles are written by international experts and cover a wide range of topics, including food chemistry, food components and their interactions, properties (flavor, aroma, texture) the structure of food, functional foods, processing, storage, nanoparticles for food use, antioxidants, the Maillard and Strecker reactions, process derived contaminants, and the detection of economically-motivated food adulteration. The encyclopedia will provide readers with an introduction to specific topics within the wider context of food chemistry, as well as helping them identify the links between the various sub-topics. Offers readers a comprehensive understanding of food chemistry and the various connections between the sub-topics Provides an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and readers from undergraduate levels and upwards Meticulously organized, with articles structured logically based on the various elements of food chemistry