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Predictions in Ungauged Basins

Predictions in Ungauged Basins
  • Author : Murugesu Sivapalan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 1901502481
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Summary :

Understanding Catchment Processes and Hydrological Modelling in the Abay/Upper Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia

Understanding Catchment Processes and Hydrological Modelling in the Abay/Upper Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia
  • Author : Sirak Tekleab Gebrekristos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-09
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 1138027928
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Summary : The Abay / Upper Blue Nile basin contributes the largest share of discharge to the river Nile. However, the basin exhibits large spatio-temporal variability in rainfall and runoff. Moreover, human activities also impact hydrological processes through intensive agriculture, overgrazing and deforestation, which substantially affect the basin hydrology. Thus, understanding hydrological processes and hydro-climatic variables at various spatio-temporal scales is essential for sustainable management of water resources in the region. This research investigates the hydrology of the basin in depth using a range of methods at various spatio-temporal scales. The methods include long-term trend analysis of hydroclimatic variables, hydrologic responses analysis of land cover change, stable isotope techniques and process based rainfallrunoff modelling. A combination of field investigations with new measurements of precipitation, water levels and stable isotopes as well as existing hydro-climatic data offered gaining new insights about runoff generation processes in headwater catchments. The use of rainfall-runoff modelling in two meso-scale catchments of the Abay basin depict that a single model structure in a lumped way for the entire Abay basin cannot represent all the dominant hydrological processes. The results of the different approaches demonstrated the potential of the methods to better understand the basin hydrology in a data scarce region.

Scale Issues in Hydrological Modelling

Scale Issues in Hydrological Modelling
  • Author : J. D. Kalma,M. Sivapalan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-09-11
  • Total pages :489
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822020641494
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Summary : There is a growing need for appropriate models which address the management of land and water resources and ecosystems at large space and time scales. Theories of non-linear hydrological processes must be extrapolated to large-scale, three-dimensional natural systems such as drainage basins, flood plains and wetlands. This book reports on recent progress in research on scale issues in hydrological modelling. It brings together 27 papers from two special issues of the journal Hydrological Processes. The book makes a significant contribution towards developing research strategies for linking model parameterisations across a range of temporal and spatial scales. The papers selected for this book reflect the tremendous advances which have been made in research into scale issues in hydrological modelling during the last ten years.

Rainfall-Runoff Modelling in Gauged and Ungauged Catchments

Rainfall-Runoff Modelling in Gauged and Ungauged Catchments
  • Author : Thorsten Wagener,Howard S Wheater,Hoshin V Gupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-09-09
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9781783260669
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Summary : This important monograph is based on the results of a study on the identification of conceptual lumped rainfall-runoff models for gauged and ungauged catchments. The task of model identification remains difficult despite decades of research. A detailed problem analysis and an extensive review form the basis for the development of a Matlab® modelling toolkit consisting of two components: a Rainfall-Runoff Modelling Toolbox (RRMT) and a Monte Carlo Analysis Toolbox (MCAT). These are subsequently applied to study the tasks of model identification and evaluation. A novel dynamic identifiability approach has been developed for the gauged catchment case. The theory underlying the application of rainfall-runoff models for predictions in ungauged catchments is studied, problems are highlighted and promising ways to move forward are investigated. Modelling frameworks for both gauged and ungauged cases are developed. This book presents the first extensive treatment of rainfall-runoff model identification in gauged and ungauged catchments. Contents:Rainfall-Runoff Modelling — A ReviewA Toolkit for Rainfall-Runoff ModellingModelling Gauged Catchments — Local ProceduresModelling Ungauged Catchments — Regional ProceduresDiscussion, Conclusions and Recommendations for Future Research Readership: Graduate students, academics, researchers, practitioners and consultants in hydrology, civil engineering and environmental engineering. Key Features:The only monograph to describe in detail the application of rainfall-runoff models to gauged and ungauged catchmentsThe only text to focus on the most popular approach to rainfall-runoff modellingAll the Matlab® tools developed and used for the presented research can be downloaded free of charge for non-commercial applications (teaching and research)Keywords:Hydrology;Rainfall-Runoff Modelling;Parameter Estimation;Predictions in Ungauged Basins;Regionalisation;Uncertainty Analysis;Information Content;Multi-Criteria Analysis;Monte Carlo

Landscape Analysis and Visualisation

Landscape Analysis and Visualisation
  • Author : Christopher Pettit,William Cartwright,Ian Bishop,Kim Lowell,David Pullar,David Duncan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-06-03
  • Total pages :614
  • ISBN : 9783540691686
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Summary : Michael Batty Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London Landscapes, like cities, cut across disciplines and professions. This makes it especially difficult to provide an overall sense of how landscapes should be studied and researched. Ecology, aesthetics, economy and sociology combine with physiognomy and deep physical structure to confuse our - derstanding and the way we should react to the problems and potentials of landscapes. Nowhere are these dilemmas and paradoxes so clearly highlighted as in Australia — where landscapes dominate and their relationship to cities is so fragile, yet so important to the sustainability of an entire nation, if not planet. This book presents a unique collection and synthesis of many of these perspectives — perhaps it could only be produced in a land urb- ised in the tiniest of pockets, and yet so daunting with respect to the way non-populated landscapes dwarf its cities. Many travel to Australia to its cities and never see the landscapes — but it is these that give the country its power and imagery. It is the landscapes that so impress on us the need to consider how our intervention, through activities ranging from resource exploitation and settled agriculture to climate change, poses one of the greatest crises facing the modern world. In this sense, Australia and its landscape provide a mirror through which we can glimpse the extent to which our intervention in the world threatens its very existence.

Empirical Modeling and Its Applications

Empirical Modeling and Its Applications
  • Author : Dr. Md. Mamun Habib
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-20
  • Total pages :148
  • ISBN : 9789535124931
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Summary : Empirical modeling has been a useful approach for the analysis of different problems across numerous areas/fields of knowledge. As it is known, this type of modeling is particularly helpful when parametric models, due to various reasons, cannot be constructed. Based on different methodologies and approaches, empirical modeling allows the analyst to obtain an initial understanding of the relationships that exist among the different variables that belong to a particular system or process. In some cases, the results from empirical models can be used in order to make decisions about those variables, with the intent of resolving a given problem in the real-life applications. This book entitled Empirical Modeling and Its Applications consists of six (6) chapters.

Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology

Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology
  • Author : Rodger Grayson,Gunter Bloschl,Günter Blöschl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-08-06
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 0521633168
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Summary : Describes use of observed patterns in understanding and modelling hydrological response, for researchers and graduate students.

Rainfall-Runoff Modelling

Rainfall-Runoff Modelling
  • Author : K. J. Beven
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-30
  • Total pages :457
  • ISBN : 9780470714591
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Summary : Rainfall-Runoff Modelling: The Primer Second Edition focuses on predicting hydrographs using models based on data and on representations of hydrological process. Dealing with the history of the development of rainfall-runoff models, uncertainty in mode predictions, good and bad practice and ending with a look at how to predict future catchment hydrological responses this book provides an essential underpinning of rainfall-runoff modelling topics."--pub. desc.

Distributed Hydrological Modelling

Distributed Hydrological Modelling
  • Author : Michael B. Abbott,Jens Christian Refsgaard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9789400902572
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Summary : It is the task of the engineer, as of any other professional person, to do everything that is reasonably possible to analyse the difficulties with which his or her client is confronted, and on this basis to design solutions and implement these in practice. The distributed hydrological model is, correspondingly, the means for doing everything that is reasonably possible - of mobilising as much data and testing it with as much knowledge as is economically feasible - for the purpose of analysing problems and of designing and implementing remedial measures in the case of difficulties arising within the hydrological cycle. Thus the aim of distributed hydrologic modelling is to make the fullest use of cartographic data, of geological data, of satellite data, of stream discharge measurements, of borehole data, of observations of crops and other vegetation, of historical records of floods and droughts, and indeed of everything else that has ever been recorded or remembered, and then to apply to this everything that is known about meteorology, plant physiology, soil physics, hydrogeology, sediment transport and everything else that is relevant within this context. Of course, no matter how much data we have and no matter how much we know, it will never be enough to treat some problems and some situations, but still we can aim in this way to do the best that we possibly can.

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology
  • Author : C. Kendall,J.J. McDonnell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :870
  • ISBN : 9780080929156
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Summary : This book represents a new "earth systems" approach to catchments that encompasses the physical and biogeochemical interactions that control the hydrology and biogeochemistry of the system. The text provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of catchment hydrology, principles of isotope geochemistry, and the isotope variability in the hydrologic cycle -- but the main focus of the book is on case studies in isotope hydrology and isotope geochemistry that explore the applications of isotope techniques for investigating modern environmental problems. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology is the first synthesis of physical hydrology and isotope geochemistry with catchment focus, and is a valuable reference for professionals and students alike in the fields of hydrology, hydrochemistry, and environmental science. This important interdisciplinary text provides extensive guidelines for the application of isotope techniques for all investigatores facing the challenge of protecting precious water, soil, and ecological resources from the ever-increasing problems associated with population growth and environmental change, including those from urban development and agricultural land uses.

Runoff Prediction in Ungauged Basins

Runoff Prediction in Ungauged Basins
  • Author : Günter Blöschl,Murugesu Sivapalan,Thorsten Wagener,Alberto Viglione,Hubert Savenije
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-18
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781107067554
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Summary : Predicting water runoff in ungauged water catchment areas is vital to practical applications such as the design of drainage infrastructure and flooding defences, runoff forecasting, and for catchment management tasks such as water allocation and climate impact analysis. This full colour book offers an impressive synthesis of decades of international research, forming a holistic approach to catchment hydrology and providing a one-stop resource for hydrologists in both developed and developing countries. Topics include data for runoff regionalisation, the prediction of runoff hydrographs, flow duration curves, flow paths and residence times, annual and seasonal runoff, and floods. Illustrated with many case studies and including a final chapter on recommendations for researchers and practitioners, this book is written by expert authors involved in the prestigious IAHS PUB initiative. It is a key resource for academic researchers and professionals in the fields of hydrology, hydrogeology, ecology, geography, soil science, and environmental and civil engineering.

Mathematical Models of Small Watershed Hydrology and Applications

Mathematical Models of Small Watershed Hydrology and Applications
  • Author : Vijay P. Singh,Donald K. Frevert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :950
  • ISBN : 1887201351
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Summary : Comprehensive account of some of the most popular models of small watershed hydrology and application ~~ of interest to all hydrologic modelers and model users and a welcome and timely edition to any modeling library

Hydrological Modelling and the Water Cycle

Hydrological Modelling and the Water Cycle
  • Author : Soroosh Sorooshian,Kuo-lin Hsu,Erika Coppola,Barbara Tomassetti,Marco Verdecchia,Guido Visconti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-18
  • Total pages :291
  • ISBN : 9783540778431
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Summary : This volume is a collection of a selected number of articles based on presentations at the 2005 L’Aquila (Italy) Summer School on the topic of “Hydrologic Modeling and Water Cycle: Coupling of the Atmosphere and Hydrological Models”. The p- mary focus of this volume is on hydrologic modeling and their data requirements, especially precipitation. As the eld of hydrologic modeling is experiencing rapid development and transition to application of distributed models, many challenges including overcoming the requirements of compatible observations of inputs and outputs must be addressed. A number of papers address the recent advances in the State-of-the-art distributed precipitation estimation from satellites. A number of articles address the issues related to the data merging and use of geo-statistical techniques for addressing data limitations at spatial resolutions to capture the h- erogeneity of physical processes. The participants at the School came from diverse backgrounds and the level of - terest and active involvement in the discussions clearly demonstrated the importance the scienti c community places on challenges related to the coupling of atmospheric and hydrologic models. Along with my colleagues Dr. Erika Coppola and Dr. Kuolin Hsu, co-directors of the School, we greatly appreciate the invited lectures and all the participants. The members of the local organizing committee, Drs Barbara Tomassetti; Marco Verdecchia and Guido Visconti were instrumental in the success of the school and their contributions, both scienti cally and organizationally are much appreciated.

Modelling Hydrological Response at the Catchment Scale

Modelling Hydrological Response at the Catchment Scale
  • Author : Guoping Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :197
  • ISBN : 9789059721876
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Summary :

Coupled Models for the Hydrological Cycle

Coupled Models for the Hydrological Cycle
  • Author : Axel Bronstert,Jesus Carrera,Pavel Kabat,Sabine Lütkemeier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-12-05
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 9783540273257
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Summary : This book considers an array of state-of-the-art coupling and modelling concepts. First the relevant Earth system cycles are presented, followed by a discussion on scale issues and multiple equilibria. Inter- and intra-compartmental coupling is addressed, along with a debate on non-linearities and questions of parameterisation. Several applications are presented, where a focus is on cases where the hydrological cycle plays a central role.

Hydrological Modelling in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas

Hydrological Modelling in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas
  • Author : Howard Wheater,Soroosh Sorooshian,K. D. Sharma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-22
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139468084
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Summary : Arid and semi-arid regions are defined as areas where water is at its most scarce. The hydrological regime in these areas is extreme and highly variable, and they face great pressures to deliver and manage freshwater resources. However, there is no guidance on the decision support tools that are needed to underpin flood and water resource management in arid areas. UNESCO initiated the Global network for Water and Development Information for arid lands (GWADI), and arranged a workshop of the world's leading experts to discuss these issues. This book presents chapters from contributors to the workshop, and includes case studies from the world's major arid regions to demonstrate model applications, and web links to tutorials and state of the art modelling software. This volume is a valuable reference for researchers and engineers working on the water resources of arid and semi-arid regions.

Andean Hydrology

Andean Hydrology
  • Author : Diego A. Rivera,Alex Godoy-Faundez,Mario Lillo Saavedra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-29
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781498788410
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Summary : This book describes the ecosystem of the Andean watersheds, covering the Californian valley, tropical Andes, and southern Andes. Case studies of the new methods and techniques used for hydrological research in the Andes are provided, and sustainability issues pertaining to Andean water resources are discussed in the context of climate change, social and economic issues, and public policy. Furthermore, the impact of economic development on the Andean ecosystem, specifically the effect on the water cycle and the water-energy-food nexus, are examined.

Environmental Modelling

Environmental Modelling
  • Author : Keith Beven
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9781498717977
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Summary : Uncertainty in the predictions of science when applied to the environment is an issue of great current relevance in relation to the impacts of climate change, protecting against natural and man-made disasters, pollutant transport and sustainable resource management. However, it is often ignored both by scientists and decision makers, or interpreted as a conflict or disagreement between scientists. This is not necessarily the case, the scientists might well agree, but their predictions would still be uncertain and knowledge of that uncertainty might be important in decision making. Environmental Modelling: An Uncertain Future? introduces students, scientists and decision makers to: the different concepts and techniques of uncertainty estimation in environmental prediction the philosophical background to different concepts of uncertainty the constraint of uncertainties by the collection of observations and data assimilation in real-time forecasting techniques for decision making under uncertainty. This book will be relevant to environmental modellers, practitioners and decision makers in hydrology, hydraulics, ecology, meteorology and oceanography, geomorphology, geochemistry, soil science, pollutant transport and climate change. A companion website for the book can be found at www.uncertain-future.org.uk

Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology

Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology
  • Author : Rodger Grayson,Gunter Bloschl,Günter Blöschl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-08-06
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 0521633168
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Summary : Describes use of observed patterns in understanding and modelling hydrological response, for researchers and graduate students.

Flood Risk Management

Flood Risk Management
  • Author : Theodore V Hromadka II,Prasada Rao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-30
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9789535134657
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Summary : In this book, contributions from several experts specializing in the area of flood risk management are assembled into a single volume. Application and testing of numerical and statistical models that can simulate the complex reality along with effective flood management strategies that are being implemented in various nations are presented. This collection of topics will provide an update to the reader as to the state of the art in this important technical field.

Kinematic Hydrology and Modelling

Kinematic Hydrology and Modelling
  • Author : M.E. Meadows,D.J. Stephenson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986-04-01
  • Total pages :249
  • ISBN : 0080870171
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Summary : Requiring little mathematical background, the book provides tools for hydraulic engineers and hydrologists concerned with estimating catchment runoff and floods. It condenses widely spread research literature on the subject of kinematic hydrology and emphasizes basic principles so it should be of value to students and teachers in these areas. The book is comprehensive and yet written in a basic way enabling practitioners to pick out relevant sections and apply them to real problems. It also contains a valuable collection of charts and equations as well as simple computer programs for modelling catchment runoff and stream flow using the kinematic equations. A wide spectrum of hydrological processes can be analyzed using the kinematic equations. Overland flow, stream flow and even groundwater flow can be studied. A review of the assumptions behind the theory indicates where alternative equations are more accurate. The book thus provides tools for hydrological simulation, stormwater system design and catchment management. It will be particularly useful for professors and students in postgraduate and senior years in hydrology, and practicing engineers and hydrologists in stormwater, flood and water resources fields.