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Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics

Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics
  • Author : Christopher E. Brennen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-14
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9781107644762
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Summary : Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics deals with fundamental physical processes of bubble dynamics and cavitation for graduate students and researchers.

Acoustic Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics

Acoustic Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics
  • Author : Kyuichi Yasui
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-26
  • Total pages :124
  • ISBN : 9783319682372
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Summary : This brief explains in detail fundamental concepts in acoustic cavitation and bubble dynamics, and describes derivations of the fundamental equations of bubble dynamics in order to support those readers just beginning research in this field. Further, it provides an in-depth understanding of the physical basis of the phenomena. With regard to sonochemistry, the brief presents the results of numerical simulations of chemical reactions inside a bubble under ultrasound, especially for a single-bubble system and including unsolved problems. Written so as to be accessible both with and without prior knowledge of fundamental fluid dynamics, the brief offers a valuable resource for students and researchers alike, especially those who are unfamiliar with this field. A grasp of fundamental undergraduate mathematics such as partial derivative and fundamental integration is advantageous; however, even without any background in mathematics, readers can skip the equations and still understand the fundamental physics of the phenomena using the book’s wealth of illustrations and figures. As such, it is also suitable as an introduction to the field.

Characterization of Cavitation Bubbles and Sonoluminescence

Characterization of Cavitation Bubbles and Sonoluminescence
  • Author : Rachel Pflieger,Sergey I. Nikitenko,Carlos Cairós,Robert Mettin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-31
  • Total pages :74
  • ISBN : 9783030117177
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Summary : This book presents the latest research on fundamental aspects of acoustic bubbles, and in particular on various complementary ways to characterize them. It starts with the dynamics of a single bubble under ultrasound, and then addresses few-bubble systems and the formation and development of bubble structures, before briefly reviewing work on isolated bubbles in standing acoustic waves (bubble traps) and multibubble systems where translation and interaction of bubbles play a major role. Further, it explores the interaction of bubbles with objects, and highlights non-spherical bubble dynamics and the respective collapse geometries. It also discusses the important link between bubble dynamics and energy focusing in the bubble, leading to sonochemistry and sonoluminescence. The second chapter focuses on the emission of light by cavitation bubbles at collapse (sonoluminescence) and on the information that can be gained by sonoluminescence (SL) spectroscopy, e.g. the conditions reached inside the bubbles or the nature of the excited species formed. This chapter also includes a section on the use of SL intensity measurement under pulsed ultrasound as an indirect way to estimate bubble size and size distribution. Lastly, since one very important feature of cavitation systems is their sonochemical activity, the final chapter presents chemical characterizations, the care that should be taken in using them, and the possible visualization of chemical activity. It also explores the links between bubble dynamics, SL spectroscopy and sonochemical activity. This book provides a fundamental basis for other books in the Molecular Science: Ultrasound and Sonochemistry series that are more focused on applied aspects of sonochemistry. A basic knowledge of the characterization of cavitation bubbles is indispensable for the optimization of sonochemical processes, and as such the book is useful for specialists (researchers, engineers, PhD students etc.) working in the wide area of ultrasonic processing.

Bubble Dynamics and Interface Phenomena

Bubble Dynamics and Interface Phenomena
  • Author : John R. Blake,Jeremy M. Boulton-Stone,Neale H. Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :494
  • ISBN : 9789401109383
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Summary : This volume contains papers presented at the IUTAM Symposium on Bubble Dynamics and Interface Phenomena held at the University of Birmingham from 6-9 September 1993. In many respects it follows on a decade later from the very successful IUTAM Symposium held at CALTECH in June 1981 on the Mechanics and physics of bubbles in liquids which was organised by the late Milton Plesset and Leen van Wijngaarden. The intervening period has seen major development with both experiment and theory. On the experimental side there have been ad vances with very high speed photography and data recording that provide detailed information on fluid and interface motion. Major developments in both computer hardware and software have also led to extensive improvement in our understand ing of bubble and interface dynamics although development is still limited by the sheer complexity of the laminar and turbulent flow regimes often associated with bubbly flows. The symposium attracts wide and extensive interest from engineers, physical, chemical, biological and medical scientists and applied mathematicians. The sci entific committee sought to achieve a balance between theory and experiment over a range of fields in bubble dynamics and interface phenomena. It was our intention to emphasise both the breadth and recent developments in these various fields and to encourage cross-fertilisation of ideas on both experimental techniques and theo retical developments. The programme, and the proceedings recorded herein, cover bubble dynamics, sound and wave propagation, bubbles in flow, sonoluminescence, acoustic cavitation, underwater explosions, bursting bubbles and ESWL.

The Acoustic Bubble

The Acoustic Bubble
  • Author : T Leighton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :640
  • ISBN : 9780323144131
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Summary : The Acoustic Bubble describes the interaction of acoustic fields with bubbles in liquid. The book consists of five chapters. Chapter 1 provides a basic introduction to acoustics, including some of the more esoteric phenomena that can be seen when high-frequency high-intensity underwater sound is employed. Chapter 2 discusses the nucleation of cavitation and basic fluid dynamics, while Chapter 3 draws together the acoustics and bubble dynamics to discuss the free oscillation of a bubble and acoustic emissions from such activity. The acoustic probes that are often applied to study the behavior of a bubble when an externally-applied acoustic field drives it into oscillation is deliberated in Chapter 4. The last chapter outlines a variety of effects associated with acoustically-induced bubble activity. The bubble detection, sonoluminescence, sonochemistry, and pulse enhancement are also covered. This publication is a good reference for physics and engineering students and researchers intending to acquire knowledge of the acoustic interactions of acoustic fields with bubbles.

Hydrodynamics of Pumps

Hydrodynamics of Pumps
  • Author : Christopher E. Brennen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-28
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139497275
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Summary : Hydrodynamics of Pumps is a reference for pump experts and a textbook for advanced students. It examines the fluid dynamics of liquid turbomachines, particularly pumps, focusing on special problems and design issues associated with the flow of liquid through a rotating machine. There are two characteristics of a liquid that lead to problems and cause a significantly different set of concerns than those in gas turbines. These are the potential for cavitation and the high density of liquids, which enhances the possibility of damaging, unsteady flows and forces. The book begins with an introduction to the subject, including cavitation, unsteady flows and turbomachinery, basic pump design and performance principles. Chapter topics include flow features, cavitation parameters and inception, bubble dynamics, cavitation effects on pump performance, and unsteady flows and vibration in pumps - discussed in the three final chapters. The book is richly illustrated and includes many practical examples.

Cavitation Reaction Engineering

Cavitation Reaction Engineering
  • Author : Y.T. Shah,A.B. Pandit,V.S. Moholkar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781461547877
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Summary : The literature on cavitation chemistry is ripe with conjectures, possibilities, heuris tic arguments, and intelligent guesses. The chemical effects of cavitation have been explained by means of many theories, consisting of empirical constants, adjustable parameters, and the like. The chemists working with cavitation chemistry agree that the phenomenon is very complex and system specific. Mathematicians and physi cists have offered partial solutions to the observed phenomena on the basis of cavitation parameters, whereas chemists have attempted explanations based on the modes of reaction and the detection of intermediate chemical species. Nevertheless, no one has been able to formulate a unified theme, however crude, for its effects on the basis of the known parameters, such as cavitation and transient chemistry involving extremely high temperatures of nanosecond durations. When one surveys the literature on cavitation-assisted reactions, it is clear that the approach so far has been "Edisonian" in nature. While a large number of reactions have showed either enhanced yields or reduced reaction times, many reactions have remained unaffected in the presence of cavitation. The success or failure of cavitation reactions ultimately depends on the collapse of the cavity. Cavitation chemistry is based on the principles of the formation of small transient cavities, their growth and implosion, which produce chemical reactions caused by the generation of extreme pressures and temperatures and a high degree of micro turbulence.

Fundamentals of Cavitation

Fundamentals of Cavitation
  • Author : Jean-Pierre Franc,Jean-Marie Michel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-22
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9781402022333
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Summary : This book treats cavitation, which is a unique phenomenon in the field of hyd- dynamics, although it can occur in any hydraulic machinery such as pumps, propellers, artificial hearts, and so forth. Cavitation is generated not only in water, but also in any kind of fluid, such as liquid hydrogen. The generation of cavitation can cause severe damage in hydraulic machinery. Therefore, the prevention of cavitation is an important concern for designers of hydraulic machinery. On the contrary, there is great potential to utilize cavitation in various important applications, such as environmental protection. There have been several books published on cavitation, including one by the same authors. This book differs from those previous ones, in that it is both more physical and more theoretical. Any theoretical explanation of the cavitation phenomenon is rather difficult, but the authors have succeeded in explaining it very well, and a reader can follow the equations easily. It is an advantage in reading this book to have some understanding of the physics of cavitation. Therefore, this book is not an introductory text, but a book for more advanced study. However, this does not mean that this book is too difficult for a beginner, because it explains the cavitation phenomenon using many figures. Therefore, even a beginner on cavitation can read and can understand what cavitation is. If the student studies through this book (with patience), he or she can become an expert on the physics of cavitation.

Sonochemistry and Sonoluminescence

Sonochemistry and Sonoluminescence
  • Author : L.A. Crum,Timothy J. Mason,Jacques L. Reisse,Kenneth S. Suslick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-12-31
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 0792355490
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Summary : Sonochemistry is studied primarily by chemists and sonoluminescence mainly by physicists, but a single physical phenomenon - acoustic cavitation - unites the two areas. The physics of cavitation bubble collapse, is relatively well understood by acoustical physicists but remains practically unknown to the chemists. By contrast, the chemistry that gives rise to electromagnetic emissions and the acceleration of chemical reactions is familiar to chemists, but practically unknown to acoustical physicists. It is just this knowledge gap that the present volume addresses. The first section of the book addresses the fundamentals of cavitation, leading to a more extensive discussion of the fundamentals of cavitation bubble dynamics in section two. A section on single bubble sonoluminescence follows. The two following sections address the new scientific discipline of sonochemistry, and the volume concludes with a section giving detailed descriptions of the applications of sonochemistry. The mixture of tutorial lectures and detailed research articles means that the book can serve as an introduction as well as a comprehensive and detailed review of these two interesting and topical subjects.

Cavitation in Non-Newtonian Fluids

Cavitation in Non-Newtonian Fluids
  • Author : Emil Brujan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-28
  • Total pages :269
  • ISBN : 3642153437
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Summary : Non-Newtonian properties on bubble dynamics and cavitation are fundamentally different from those of Newtonian fluids. The most significant effect arises from the dramatic increase in viscosity of polymer solutions in an extensional flow, such as that generated about a spherical bubble during its growth or collapse phase. In addition, many biological fluids, such as blood, synovial fluid, and saliva, have non-Newtonian properties and can display significant viscoelastic behaviour. This monograph elucidates general aspects of bubble dynamics and cavitation in non-Newtonian fluids and applies them to the fields of biomedicine and bioengineering. In addition it presents many examples from the process industries. The field is strongly interdisciplinary and the numerous disciplines involve have and will continue to overlook and reinvent each others’ work. This book helps researchers to think intuitively about the diverse physics of these systems, to attempt to bridge the various communities involved, and to convey the interest, elegance, and variety of physical phenomena that manifest themselves on the micrometer and microsecond scales.

Dynamics of Cavitation Bubbles in Acoustic Field Near the Rigid Wall

Dynamics of Cavitation Bubbles in Acoustic Field Near the Rigid Wall
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1051991735
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Summary : Abstract: Dynamics of multiple cavitation bubbles near the rigid wall subjected to the incident acoustic wave with different arrangements is researched in this paper. Wave equation is used to approximate the prophase and anaphase motion of cavitation bubble to consider the compressibility of fluid. The modified Bernoulli equation is deduced as the boundary condition for cavitation bubble in acoustic field. Influences of compressibility, acoustic wave frequency and amplitude, incident angle, and the bubble arrangements on the dynamics of cavitation bubbles are presented. Numerical results show that the compressibility of fluid will impact the intensity of motion. The dynamics of bubbles is affected by the incident amplitude and frequency, and limited by the rigid wall. The different incident angles and arrangements of bubbles will change the acting pressure phase and interaction between bubbles and rigid wall, which will lead to the motion advancement or delay. The radius difference will increase with the large phase difference and the strong rejection. The jet will be oblique to the incident direction, as well as the rigid wall and bubbles around. Highlights: Modified boundary element model considering liquid compressibility is used. Multiple bubbles dynamics in acoustical field near rigid wall is researched. Direction of bubble jet is affected by wall, around bubbles and incident wave. Consideration of liquid compressibility will reduce the maximum radius of bubble. Wall will limit bubble motion at low frequency or high amplitude of acoustic wave.

Mechanics and Physics of Bubbles in Liquids

Mechanics and Physics of Bubbles in Liquids
  • Author : Leen van Wijngaarden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1982-03-31
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 9024726255
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Summary : A IUTAM (International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics) Sympo sium 'Mechanics and Physics of Bubbles in Liquids' was held at Pasadena, Calif., USA from 15 through 19 June 1981. The present volume contains the printed version of nearly all papers read at the Symposium. The study of the behaviour of bubbles in liquids was originally stimu lated by problems in cavitation and in boiling ofliquids. Today research is initiated by problems in many other fields as well. In this respect a growing interest from the side of biomechanics may be mentioned. Ordering of the papers could be done either according to the various mechanical and physical aspects of the subject or according to the fields of application. The presentaton at the Symposium contained a bit of both; there was a session on physico-chemical aspects for example and also a session on biological applications. The subdivision in this volume follows roughly the sessions in the Symposium. Most of them start with a paper of a survey nature, reporting progress made in recent years. Here, as in other fields of engineering science, one notes the important part played by experimental techniques and by numerical analysis.

Fundamentals of Multiphase Flow

Fundamentals of Multiphase Flow
  • Author : C. E. Brennen,Christopher E. Brennen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-04-18
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 0521848040
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Fluid Dynamics of Cavitation and Cavitating Turbopumps

Fluid Dynamics of Cavitation and Cavitating Turbopumps
  • Author : Luca d'Agostino,Maria Vittoria Salvetti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-04-20
  • Total pages :351
  • ISBN : 3211766693
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Summary : The book focuses on the fluid dynamics of cavitation with special reference to high power density turbopumps, where it represents the major source of performance and life degradation. While covering the more fundamental aspects of cavitation and the main kinds of cavitating flows, there is focus on the hydrodynamics and instabilities of cavitating turbopumps. The book also illustrates the alternative approaches for modeling and engineering simulation of cavitating flows.

Sonochemistry and the Acoustic Bubble

Sonochemistry and the Acoustic Bubble
  • Author : Franz Grieser,Pak-Kon Choi,Naoya Enomoto,Hisashi Harada,Kenji Okitsu,Kyuichi Yasui
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-16
  • Total pages :298
  • ISBN : 9780128017265
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Summary : Sonochemistry and the Acoustic Bubble provides an introduction to the way ultrasound acts on bubbles in a liquid to cause bubbles to collapse violently, leading to localized 'hot spots' in the liquid with temperatures of 5000° celcius and under pressures of several hundred atmospheres. These extreme conditions produce events such as the emission of light, sonoluminescence, with a lifetime of less than a nanosecond, and free radicals that can initiate a host of varied chemical reactions (sonochemistry) in the liquid, all at room temperature. The physics and chemistry behind the phenomena are simply, but comprehensively presented. In addition, potential industrial and medical applications of acoustic cavitation and its chemical effects are described and reviewed. The book is suitable for graduate students working with ultrasound, and for potential chemists and chemical engineers wanting to understand the basics of how ultrasound acts in a liquid to cause chemical and physical effects. Experimental methods on acoustic cavitation and sonochemistry Helps users understand how to readily begin experiments in the field Provides an understanding of the physics behind the phenomenon Contains examples of (possible) industrial applications in chemical engineering and environmental technologies Presents the possibilities for adopting the action of acoustic cavitation with respect to industrial applications

Cavitation and Inhomogeneities in Underwater Acoustics

Cavitation and Inhomogeneities in Underwater Acoustics
  • Author : W. Lauterborn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :319
  • ISBN : 9783642510700
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Summary :

Cavitation

Cavitation
  • Author : Wojciech Borek,Tomasz Tański,Mariusz Król
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-28
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9781789846522
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Summary : Cavitation erosion is one of the most popular phenomena of the destruction of engineering materials working in water conditions and various kinds of liquids. The cavitation effect is defined as a physical effect, induced by a variable field of liquid pressures, where bubbles or other voids (caverns) - containing steams of a given liquid, gas, or a steam-gas mixture - are formed, expanded, and disappear. A better understanding of all aspects related to cavitation wear will allow for more thoughtful analysis in the selection of innovative engineering materials additionally protected by various technologies or techniques in the field of surface engineering, and optimization of the design of constructional elements used in the cavitation environment. The novelty of this book is the presentation of extensive knowledge related to cavitation, erosion, and how to protect engineering materials against this phenomenon supported by the results of thorough research by the authors.

Bubble Dynamics and Shock Waves

Bubble Dynamics and Shock Waves
  • Author : Can F. Delale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-08
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9783642342974
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Summary : This book explores the interplay of bubble dynamics and shock waves, covering shock wave emission by laser generated bubbles, pulsating bubbles near boundaries, interaction of shock waves with bubble clouds, applications in shock wave lithotripsy, and more.

Bubble Dynamics and Shock Waves

Bubble Dynamics and Shock Waves
  • Author : Can F. Delale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-08
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9783642342974
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Summary : This book explores the interplay of bubble dynamics and shock waves, covering shock wave emission by laser generated bubbles, pulsating bubbles near boundaries, interaction of shock waves with bubble clouds, applications in shock wave lithotripsy, and more.

Fluid Vortices

Fluid Vortices
  • Author : Sheldon Green
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :880
  • ISBN : 9789401102490
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Summary : Fluid Vortices is a comprehensive, up-to-date, research-level overview covering all salient flows in which fluid vortices play a significant role. The various chapters have been written by specialists from North America, Europe and Asia, making for unsurpassed depth and breadth of coverage. Topics addressed include fundamental vortex flows (mixing layer vortices, vortex rings, wake vortices, vortex stability, etc.), industrial and environmental vortex flows (aero-propulsion system vortices, vortex-structure interaction, atmospheric vortices, computational methods with vortices, etc.), and multiphase vortex flows (free-surface effects, vortex cavitation, and bubble and particle interactions with vortices). The book can also be recommended as an advanced graduate-level supplementary textbook. The first nine chapters of the book are suitable for a one-term course; chapters 10--19 form the basis for a second one-term course.

Cavitation of Hydraulic Machinery

Cavitation of Hydraulic Machinery
  • Author : S. C. Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9781860942570
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Summary : This volume in the Hydraulic Machinery Book series deals with cavitation and its effects in turbines and pumps. After introducing cavitation and its relation with hydraulic machines, the invited contributors throughout the world review in detail relevant cavitation subjects from fundamental phenomena to various problems and solution measures in hydraulic machines. The authors are internationally recognized experts in their fields.