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Ceramic Nanocomposites

Ceramic Nanocomposites
  • Author : Rajat Banerjee,Indranil Manna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780857093493
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Summary : Ceramic nanocomposites have been found to have improved hardness, strength, toughness and creep resistance compared to conventional ceramic matrix composites. Ceramic nanocomposites reviews the structure and properties of these nanocomposites as well as manufacturing and applications. Part one looks at the properties of different ceramic nanocomposites, including thermal shock resistance, flame retardancy, magnetic and optical properties as well as failure mechanisms. Part two deals with the different types of ceramic nanocomposites, including the use of ceramic particles in metal matrix composites, carbon nanotube-reinforced glass-ceramic matrix composites, high temperature superconducting ceramic nanocomposites and ceramic particle nanofluids. Part three details the processing of nanocomposites, including the mechanochemical synthesis of metallic–ceramic composite powders, sintering of ultrafine and nanosized ceramic and metallic particles and the surface treatment of carbon nanotubes using plasma technology. Part four explores the applications of ceramic nanocomposites in such areas as energy production and the biomedical field. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Ceramic nanocomposites is a technical guide for professionals requiring knowledge of ceramic nanocomposites, and will also offer a deeper understanding of the subject for researchers and engineers within any field dealing with these materials. Reviews the structure and properties of ceramic nanocomposites as well as their manufacturing and applications Examines properties of different ceramic nanocomposites, as well as failure mechanisms Details the processing of nanocomposites and explores the applications of ceramic nanocomposites in areas such as energy production and the biomedical field

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : A.O. Tonoyan,S.P. Davtyan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087893
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Summary : This chapter reviews the preparation and study of high-temperature superconducting (SC) nanocomposites based on SC ceramics and various polymeric binders. Regardless of the size of the ceramic grains, any increase in their quantity results in an increase of resistance to rupture and modulus and a decrease in limiting deformation, whilst a similar increase in the average ceramic grain size worsens resistance properties. Investigation of the SC, thermo-chemical, mechanical and dynamic-mechanical properties of the samples are discussed. Superconducting properties of the polymer–ceramic nanocomposites are explained by intercalation of macromolecule fragments into the interstitial layer of the ceramic grains, a phenomenon that leads to a change in the morphological structure of SC nanocomposites.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : G. Paul,I. Manna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087916
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Summary : This chapter reports the detailed study on the synthesis of nanofluids comprising very low concentrations of nanometric metallic or ceramic particles, rods, tubes, etc. The most common ways of preparing nanofluids are the one-step and two-step methods. While the one-step approach usually yields more stable nanofluids, the two-step method is more versatile as it provides the opportunity to disperse a wide variety of nanoparticles in different types of base fluids. However, the main focus of this chapter is on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids, which is the most researched aspect of nanofluids worldwide. An insight into the different parameters that influence the thermal conductivity of nanofluids is presented. In addition to experimental work, the theories used to try to analyze the cause of the anomalous increase in thermal conductivity are also presented.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : K. Wieczorek-Ciurowa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087923
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Summary : The chapter discusses several variants of mechanosyntheses for composite powder formation of metal alloy matrices with ceramic particles. The necessity of following progress in mechanochemical processes using different analytical methods is shown. Based on the results of experimental studies on Cu–Al/Al2O3 and Ni-Al/Al2O3 nanocomposite powder formation through mechanochemical synthesis, the method of transforming combustive processes to progressive ones by applying hydroxosalts instead of metal oxides as precursors of composites is described.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : N. Garmendia,B. Olalde,I. Obieta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087961
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Summary : Bioceramics and bioceramic composites have been widely used for biomedical applications for the last 50 years. This chapter discusses the advantages of using ceramic nanocomposites. The application of both inert and bioactive ceramics for orthopaedic and dental implants, as well as in the novel field of tissue engineering, is discussed and future trends are presented.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : N.R. Bose
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087817
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Summary : This chapter discusses the performance behaviour of ceramic nanocomposites under conditions of thermal shock, i.e. when they are subjected to sudden changes in temperature during either heating or cooling or may be in flame propagating zones. For example, during emergency shut-downs of gas turbines, cool air is drawn from the still spinning compressor and driven through the hot sections: the temperature at the turbine outlet decreases by more than 800°C within one second and ceramic nanocomposite materials are an appropriate choice for such application. Furthermore, such a situation may arise about 100 times during the lifetime of a modern gas turbine engine. Similarly, in the nuclear industries, apart from the moderate shocks inflicted during start-up and shut-down of the system, the plasma-facing material can suffer rapid heating due to plasma discharge. Thus, when a body is subjected to a rapid temperature change such that non-linear temperature gradients appear, stresses arise due to the differential expansion of each volume element at a different temperature. The design principles for the fabrication of high-performance thermal shock resistant ceramic nanocomposites with improved mechanical properties are highlighted in this chapter. Moreover, the pertinent factors such as interface characteristics, densification methods, superplasticity and the role of nano-size particulate dispersion, which are responsible for the development of thermal shock resistant and flame retardant nanoceramic materials, are addressed and reviewed. Various test methods for the characterisation and evaluation of ceramic nanocomposites are described. Finally, the new concept of materials design for future structural ceramic nanocomposites is discussed for safe applications in high-temperature thermal shock zones.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : B. Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087954
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Summary : This chapter covers the electrical conductivity of polymer– ceramic and ceramic–ceramic nanocomposites with a major emphasis on the ionic conductivity. These nanocomposites are potentially important materials as electrolytes for power generation and energy storage devices. The nanocomposites offer major enhancements in ionic conductivity because of an underlying basic physical mechanism emanating from their structure. The basic physical mechanism for conductivity enhancement is the space charge effect. The chapter explains applicability and quantification of the effect for lithium ion conducting nanocomposites. The applicability of the effect can be extended to other lithium ion and oxygen ion conductors. Uses of nanocomposites in energy storage and power generation devices are also covered.

Processing and properties of ceramic nanocomposites designed for improved fracture toughness

Processing and properties of ceramic nanocomposites designed for improved fracture toughness
  • Author : Joshua D. Kuntz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : UCAL:X70910
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Summary :

Processing and mechanical properties of silicon nitride/silicon carbide ceramic nanocomposites derived from polymer precursors

Processing and mechanical properties of silicon nitride/silicon carbide ceramic nanocomposites derived from polymer precursors
  • Author : Matthew J. Gasch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : UCAL:X64884
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Summary :

Elevated temperature plasticity and superplasticity of advanced ceramic oxide nanocomposites

Elevated temperature plasticity and superplasticity of advanced ceramic oxide nanocomposites
  • Author : Dustin Marion Hulbert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :148
  • ISBN : UCAL:X71806
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Summary :

Nanocomposite, Ceramic, and Thin Film Scintillators

Nanocomposite, Ceramic, and Thin Film Scintillators
  • Author : Martin Nikl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-18
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9781315340975
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Summary : The literature so far has reviewed only single-crystal and, up to some extent, optical ceramic scintillators. This book introduces and describes in detail the research and development in thin film scintillators, glass ceramics, as well as nanocomposite and optical ceramics prepared by spark plasma sintering. It also features example of an in-depth study of a ZnO-based powder phosphor material. Both technology description and various characterization aspects are provided together with application hints. No other book has been published so far that includes and reviews the scintillator materials covered in this book with their specific technologies. Moreover, technological description is merged with detailed characterization, and the application potential is discussed as well. This book is intended for a wide audience, including postgraduate and PhD students and scientists working in the field of scintillators and phosphors. The extended introductory text, which has a textbook character, will be of immense benefit to students and non-specialists, too.

Nanocomposite Science and Technology

Nanocomposite Science and Technology
  • Author : Pulickel M. Ajayan,Linda S. Schadler,Paul V. Braun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-03-06
  • Total pages :239
  • ISBN : 9783527605170
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Summary : In recent years, nanocomposites have captured and held the attention and imagination of scientists and engineers alike. Based on the simple premise that by using a wide range of building blocks with dimensions in the nanosize region, it is possible to design and create new materials with unprecedented flexibility and improvements in their physical properties. This book contains the essence of this emerging technology, the underlying science and motivation behind the design of these structures and the future, particularly from the perspective of applications. It is intended to be a reference handbook for future scientists and hence carries the basic science and the fundamental engineering principles that lead to the fabrication and property evaluation of nanocomposite materials in different areas of materials science and technology.

Colloidal Processing of Polymer Derived (metal) Ceramic Nanocomposites

Colloidal Processing of Polymer Derived (metal) Ceramic Nanocomposites
  • Author : Vadym Bakumov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : OCLC:501333983
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The Science of Engineering Ceramics II

The Science of Engineering Ceramics II
  • Author : Nihon Seramikkusu Kyōkai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :701
  • ISBN : UOM:39015052541409
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Summary : A total of 147 peer-reviewed papers were presented during EnCera' 98. The topics covered included: Modeling of Microstructural Evolution, Novel Processing, Advanced Oxide Ceramics, Advanced Non-oxide Ceramics, Particulate, Platelet and Whisker Reinforced Composites, Nanostructured Ceramics and Nanocomposites, Synergy Ceramics, Fracture, Deformation and Mechanical Reliability, Advanced Refractories, and Joining, FGM and Applications .

Advances in Ceramic-matrix Composites

Advances in Ceramic-matrix Composites
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015048222452
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Better Ceramics Through Chemistry

Better Ceramics Through Chemistry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015038114552
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High-performance Ceramics

High-performance Ceramics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015047968527
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Japanese Journal of Applied Physics

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015046036862
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Spark Plasma Sintering and Nanocomposite Optical Ceramics

Spark Plasma Sintering and Nanocomposite Optical Ceramics
  • Author : Dustin Marion Hulbert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : UCAL:X79747
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Summary :

Basic Research in Superconductor Ceramic and Semiconductor Science

Basic Research in Superconductor Ceramic and Semiconductor Science
  • Author : Robert J. Gottschall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990-03
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : PSU:000018045406
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Summary :

Basic Research in Superconductor, Ceramic, and Semiconductor Sciences at Selected Japanese Laboratories

Basic Research in Superconductor, Ceramic, and Semiconductor Sciences at Selected Japanese Laboratories
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : OSU:32435009654955
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Summary :