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Ceramic Nanocomposites

Ceramic Nanocomposites
  • Author : Rajat Banerjee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :596
  • ISBN : 085709338X
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Summary : Ceramic nanocomposites demonstrate a number of useful characteristics such as magnetic properties, high thermal resistance, and improved hardness, strength, and creep resistance compared to conventional ceramic matrix composites. This makes them promising materials for a wide range of applications. Contributors give extensive coverage of the types, properties and structure of ceramic nanocomposites. They then look at the design and manufacturing processes, testing methods and applications in industries, such as biomedical, energy and electronics.

Ceramic Nanocomposites

Ceramic Nanocomposites
  • Author : Rajat Banerjee,Indranil Manna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780857093493
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Summary : Ceramic nanocomposites have been found to have improved hardness, strength, toughness and creep resistance compared to conventional ceramic matrix composites. Ceramic nanocomposites reviews the structure and properties of these nanocomposites as well as manufacturing and applications. Part one looks at the properties of different ceramic nanocomposites, including thermal shock resistance, flame retardancy, magnetic and optical properties as well as failure mechanisms. Part two deals with the different types of ceramic nanocomposites, including the use of ceramic particles in metal matrix composites, carbon nanotube-reinforced glass-ceramic matrix composites, high temperature superconducting ceramic nanocomposites and ceramic particle nanofluids. Part three details the processing of nanocomposites, including the mechanochemical synthesis of metallic–ceramic composite powders, sintering of ultrafine and nanosized ceramic and metallic particles and the surface treatment of carbon nanotubes using plasma technology. Part four explores the applications of ceramic nanocomposites in such areas as energy production and the biomedical field. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Ceramic nanocomposites is a technical guide for professionals requiring knowledge of ceramic nanocomposites, and will also offer a deeper understanding of the subject for researchers and engineers within any field dealing with these materials. Reviews the structure and properties of ceramic nanocomposites as well as their manufacturing and applications Examines properties of different ceramic nanocomposites, as well as failure mechanisms Details the processing of nanocomposites and explores the applications of ceramic nanocomposites in areas such as energy production and the biomedical field

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : N. Garmendia,B. Olalde,I. Obieta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087961
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Summary : Bioceramics and bioceramic composites have been widely used for biomedical applications for the last 50 years. This chapter discusses the advantages of using ceramic nanocomposites. The application of both inert and bioactive ceramics for orthopaedic and dental implants, as well as in the novel field of tissue engineering, is discussed and future trends are presented.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : N.R. Bose
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087817
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Summary : This chapter discusses the performance behaviour of ceramic nanocomposites under conditions of thermal shock, i.e. when they are subjected to sudden changes in temperature during either heating or cooling or may be in flame propagating zones. For example, during emergency shut-downs of gas turbines, cool air is drawn from the still spinning compressor and driven through the hot sections: the temperature at the turbine outlet decreases by more than 800°C within one second and ceramic nanocomposite materials are an appropriate choice for such application. Furthermore, such a situation may arise about 100 times during the lifetime of a modern gas turbine engine. Similarly, in the nuclear industries, apart from the moderate shocks inflicted during start-up and shut-down of the system, the plasma-facing material can suffer rapid heating due to plasma discharge. Thus, when a body is subjected to a rapid temperature change such that non-linear temperature gradients appear, stresses arise due to the differential expansion of each volume element at a different temperature. The design principles for the fabrication of high-performance thermal shock resistant ceramic nanocomposites with improved mechanical properties are highlighted in this chapter. Moreover, the pertinent factors such as interface characteristics, densification methods, superplasticity and the role of nano-size particulate dispersion, which are responsible for the development of thermal shock resistant and flame retardant nanoceramic materials, are addressed and reviewed. Various test methods for the characterisation and evaluation of ceramic nanocomposites are described. Finally, the new concept of materials design for future structural ceramic nanocomposites is discussed for safe applications in high-temperature thermal shock zones.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : A.O. Tonoyan,S.P. Davtyan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087893
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Summary : This chapter reviews the preparation and study of high-temperature superconducting (SC) nanocomposites based on SC ceramics and various polymeric binders. Regardless of the size of the ceramic grains, any increase in their quantity results in an increase of resistance to rupture and modulus and a decrease in limiting deformation, whilst a similar increase in the average ceramic grain size worsens resistance properties. Investigation of the SC, thermo-chemical, mechanical and dynamic-mechanical properties of the samples are discussed. Superconducting properties of the polymer–ceramic nanocomposites are explained by intercalation of macromolecule fragments into the interstitial layer of the ceramic grains, a phenomenon that leads to a change in the morphological structure of SC nanocomposites.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : B. Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087954
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Summary : This chapter covers the electrical conductivity of polymer– ceramic and ceramic–ceramic nanocomposites with a major emphasis on the ionic conductivity. These nanocomposites are potentially important materials as electrolytes for power generation and energy storage devices. The nanocomposites offer major enhancements in ionic conductivity because of an underlying basic physical mechanism emanating from their structure. The basic physical mechanism for conductivity enhancement is the space charge effect. The chapter explains applicability and quantification of the effect for lithium ion conducting nanocomposites. The applicability of the effect can be extended to other lithium ion and oxygen ion conductors. Uses of nanocomposites in energy storage and power generation devices are also covered.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : R. Banerjee,J. Mukherjee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087831
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Summary : Nanoscale constituents in nanocomposites possess excellent optical properties that differ from the macroscale properties. This chapter focuses on the optical properties of nanoscale materials incorporated in glass and ceramics, especially transmittance, absorption, non-linearity and luminescence. The fluorescence property of carbon nanotube–glass composite is a new observation which has hitherto not been studied. All these properties make them a potential material for optical sensors, ultraviolet–infrared shielding windows and other biological applications.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : D.D. Majumder,S. Karan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087824
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Summary : Nanocomposites are often found in nature, as a multiphase solid material where one of the phases has one, two or three dimensions of less than 100nm, or structures having nano-scale repeat distances between the different phases that make up the material. In this chapter the magnetic properties of ceramic nanocomposites are presented, along with structures which differ markedly from that of the component materials. It is emphasized that, in the case of nanocomposites, where the main part of the volume is occupied by ceramics (i.e. a chemical compound from the group of oxides, nitrides, borides or silicates, among others), further systematic study will be necessary to improve their optical, electrical and magnetic properties, as well as their tri-biological, corrosion resistance and other protective properties.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : V. Tomar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087855
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Summary : One of the most recent developments in ceramics has been the distribution of multiple phases in a ceramic composite at the nanoscopic length scale. An advanced nanocomposite microstructure such as that of polycrystalline silicon carbide (SiC)–silicon nitride (Si3N4) nanocomposites contains multiple length scales with grain boundary thickness of the order of 50nm, SiC particle sizes of the order of 200–300nm and Si3N4 grain sizes of the order of 0.8–1.5μm. Designing the microstructure of such a composite for a targeted set of material properties is, therefore, a daunting task. Since the microstructure involves multiple length scales, multiscale analyses based material design is an appropriate approach for such a task. With this view, this chapter presents an overview of the current state of the art and work performed in this area.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : P. Hvizdoš,P. Tatarko,A. Duszova,J. Dusza
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087848
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Summary : This chapter first builds a basic understanding of structural failure and its determining critical factors. It describes typical fracture origins and modes of crack propagation. It then deals with the concept of reinforcing ceramic nanocomposites. Different strategies for preventing failures are discussed, and the influence of microstructure and secondary nanometric phases on friction and wear properties of some ceramic nanocomposites is described.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : M. Okamoto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087978
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Summary : Current research trends on nanocomposite materials for tissue engineering, including strategies for the fabrication of nanocomposite scaffolds with highly porous and interconnected pores, are presented. The results of in-vitro cell culture, used to analyzed the cell–scaffold interaction considering the colonization of mesenchymal stem cells and degradation of the scaffolds in-vitro, are also discussed.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : K. Wieczorek-Ciurowa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087923
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Summary : The chapter discusses several variants of mechanosyntheses for composite powder formation of metal alloy matrices with ceramic particles. The necessity of following progress in mechanochemical processes using different analytical methods is shown. Based on the results of experimental studies on Cu–Al/Al2O3 and Ni-Al/Al2O3 nanocomposite powder formation through mechanochemical synthesis, the method of transforming combustive processes to progressive ones by applying hydroxosalts instead of metal oxides as precursors of composites is described.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : G. Paul,I. Manna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087909
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Summary : Fluids with suspended nanoparticles (metallic or ceramic in spherical or non-spherical shapes), forming a stable colloid and maintaining a quasi-single-phase state that can offer an extraordinary level of heat transport property at very low levels of dispersion (

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : Z.Z. Fang,H. Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087930
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Summary : The sintering of nanosized particles exhibits a number of distinctively unique phenomena compared to the sintering of coarse powders, e.g. low sintering temperatures and rapid grain growth. This chapter aims to bring into focus the understanding of the fundamental issues of nanosinteirng, including the thermodynamic driving force of nanosintering, non-linear diffusion and the kinetics of nanosintering, and the relationships between agglomeration, densification and grain growth. This chapter will also examine the effects of microstructure and processing variables.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : X. Liang,D.M. King,A.W. Weimer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087886
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Summary : Ultra-thin films can be coated on primary fine particles without significant aggregation by atomic layer deposition (ALD) in a fluidized bed reactor. Precursor doses can be delivered to the bed of particles sequentially and, in most cases, can be utilized at nearly 100% efficiency without precursor breakthrough and loss, with the assistance of an inline downstream mass spectrometer. A multitude of applications can be addressed in a competitive fashion using fine particles that have been surface-modified using ALD in scalable, high-throughput unit operations. Several examples of the applications of conformal ALD coatings have been discussed, including oxidation-resistant metals or ceramics, coatings that enable biomedical applications including tissue engineering, and corrosion-resistant particles for next-generation batteries, capacitors or fuel cells. It is expected that the technology of thin film coating by particle ALD will play a major role in the field of advanced materials.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : T. Subhani,M.S.P. Shaffer,A.R. Boccaccini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087879
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Summary : In this chapter, glass and glass-ceramic matrix composites containing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are discussed with an emphasis on their production, properties, microstructures and applications. Composite manufacturing routes require both CNT/matrix powder preparation techniques and their densification by suitable sintering processes. Physical, mechanical, functional and technological properties of the composites are evaluated, including density, hardness, elastic modulus, fracture strength and toughness, electrical and thermal conductivity, wear and friction resistance, and thermal shock, cycling and ageing resistance. Microstructural features are typically characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Based on the characteristics obtained, potential applications of the composites are considered, together with a discussion of the unresolved manufacturing challenges and desirable, but still unattained, properties.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : F. He
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087862
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Summary : This chapter introduces research conducted on metal matrix nanocomposites (MMNCs). The chapter reviews the material system used for MMNCs and explains the principles to choose the reinforcement for metal matrix composites. The mechanical properties of MMNCs fabricated by different processes are summarized and models used to predict and describe the effect of different strengthening mechanisms on MMNCs are introduced. Different approaches used to produce MMNCs are reviewed and categorized.

Ceramic nanocomposites

Ceramic nanocomposites
  • Author : B. Ruelle,C. Bittencourt,P. Dubois
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128087947
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Summary : The chapter begins by discussing carbon nanotube (CNT) surface chemistry and solution-based functionalization. It then reviews promising alternative ways to modify the CNT surface through plasma processes. Plasma treatments have the advantage of being non-polluting and provide a wide range of grafted functional groups, depending on the plasma parameters such as power, gases used, duration of treatment and gas pressure. However, the interaction of high energy particles with the CNT surface can induce damage in the CNT structure. A plasma post-discharge treatment, which can prevent the degradation of CNTs, is presented.

Processing and properties of ceramic nanocomposites designed for improved fracture toughness

Processing and properties of ceramic nanocomposites designed for improved fracture toughness
  • Author : Joshua D. Kuntz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : UCAL:X70910
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Summary :

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials
  • Author : Andreas Mortensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-08
  • Total pages :1050
  • ISBN : 0080524621
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Summary : Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials draws its material from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, and includes updates and revisions not available in the original set. This customized collection of articles provides a handy reference for materials scientists and engineers with an interest in composite materials made from polymers, metals, ceramics, carbon, biocomposites, nanocomposites, wood, cement, fibers, etc. Brings together articles from the Encyclopedia of Materials: Science & Technology that focus on the essentials of composite materials, including recent updates Every article has been commissioned and written by an internationally recognized expert and provides a concise overview of a particular aspect of the field Enables rapid reference; extensive bibliographies, cross-referencing and indexes guide the user to the most relevant reading in the primary literature Covers areas of active research, such as biomaterials and porous materials

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics

Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics
  • Author : Dr Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri,Ali Mohammad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-09
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9780128137574
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Summary : Applications of Nanocomposite Materials in Orthopedics provides a solid understanding of recent developments in the field of nano-composites used in orthopedics. The book covers joint replacement, the load bearing capability of fractured bones, bone soft tissue regeneration, hard tissue replacement, artificial bone grafting, bone repair, bone tissue transplantations, and related topics, thus helping readers understand how to resolve problems associated with bone fracture and orthopedic surgery. A variety of nanocomposite materials are discussed, with their properties and preparation methods given. Outlines the use of nanotechnology for bone tissue transplantation Describes nanocomposites for bone grafting and artificial bones, also including their properties Includes discussions on tissue engineering of bone and tissue regeneration and transplantation Describes many composite materials and their preparation methods