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Cerebral Palsy in Infancy

Cerebral Palsy in Infancy
  • Author : Roberta B. Shepherd
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-01
  • Total pages :339
  • ISBN : 9780702050992
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Summary : Cerebral Palsy in Infancy is a thought-provoking book which introduces a new way of thinking on the development and use of interventions. Relevant to current practice, it advocates early, targeted activity that is focused on increasing muscle activation, training basic actions and minimizing (or preventing) mal-adaptive changes to muscle morphology and function. The authors present recent scientific findings in brain science, movement sciences (developmental biomechanics, motor control mechanisms, motor learning, exercise science) and muscle biology. This knowledge provides the rationale for active intervention, underpinning the need for an early referral to appropriate services. The book features methods for promoting relatively intensive physical activity in young infants without placing a burden on parents which include assistive technologies such as robotics, electronic bilateral limb trainers and baby treadmills. Cerebral Palsy in Infancy begins by specifying the guidelines for training and exercise, outlining the rationale for such intervention. It goes on to cover the fundamentals of neuromotor plasticity and the development and negative effects of limited motor activity on brain organization and corticospinal tract development. Neuromuscular adaptations to impairments and inactivity are discussed along with the General Movement assessment that can provide early diagnosis and prognosis, facilitating very early referral from paediatric specialists to training programs. The book ends with a section featuring various methods of training with the emphasis on preventing/minimizing muscle contracture, stimulating biomechanically critical muscle activity and joint movement. An ideal clinical reference for those working to improve the lives of infants suffering from cerebral palsy. CONTRIBUTORS: Adel Abdullah Alhusaini (Saudi Arabia); David I. Anderson (USA); Nicolas Bayle (France); Roslyn Boyd (Australia); Giovanni Cioni (Italy); Diane L. Damiano (USA); Janet Eyre (UK); Linda Fetters (USA); Mary Galea (Australia); Andrew M Gordon (USA); Martin Gough (UK); Richard L Lieber (USA); Jens Bo Nielsen (Denmark); Micah Perez (Australia); Caroline Teulier (France). "This book provides a comprehensive overview of the challenges of motor development and the consequent impact of poor motor function in later childhood for infants with cerebral palsy (CP)." Reviewed by: Oxford Brookes University on behalf of the British Journal of Occupational Therapy, Dec 2014 conceived and edited by Roberta Shepherd with contributions from internationally renowned expert clinicians and researchers discusses new research and new evidence-based treatment interventions shows how to organize very early and intensive physical activity in young infants to stimulate motor development and growth therapies include the specificity of training and exercise, with emphasis on promoting muscle activity and preventing contracture by active instead of passive stretching methods include new interactive technologies in enhancing home-based training sessions carried out by the infant's family extensive referencing in each chapter for further study chapters feature "Annotations" which illustrate scientific findings

Cerebral Palsy - Challenges for the Future

Cerebral Palsy - Challenges for the Future
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9535171976
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Summary :

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy
  • Author : Mintaze Kerem Gunel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-21
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9789535126485
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Summary : Nowadays, cerebral palsy (CP) rehabilitation, along with medical and surgical interventions in children with CP, leads to better motor and postural control and can ensure ambulation and functional independence. In achieving these improvements, many modern practices may be used, such as comprehensive multidisciplinary assessment, clinical decision making, multilevel surgery, botulinum toxin applications, robotic ambulation applications, treadmill, and other walking aids to increase the quality and endurance of walking. Trainings are based on neurodevelopmental therapy, muscle training and strength applications, adaptive equipment and orthotics, communication, technological solves, and many others beyond the scope of this book. In the years of clinical and academic experiences, children with cerebral palsy have shown us that the world needs a book to give clinical knowledge to health professionals regarding these important issue. This book is an attempt to fulfill and to give ''current steps'' about CP. The book is intended for use by physicians, therapists, and allied health professionals who treat/rehabilitate children with CP. We focus on the recent concepts in the treatment of body and structure problems and describe the associated disability, providing suggestions for further reading. All authors presented the most frequently used and accepted treatment methods with scientifically proven efficacy and included references at the end of each chapter.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy
  • Author : Christos P. Panteliadis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-06
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9783319678580
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Summary : This third edition systematically reviews recent developments in the diagnosis and evidence-based treatment of cerebral palsy, a consequence of foetal and early infant brain damage resulting in lifelong disabilities with a range of clinical characteristics. The first part discusses the definition, aetiology, classification, imaging and neuropathology, while the second focuses on the management of the individual challenges that children with cerebral palsy face, such as spasticity, dyskinesia, feeding problems and scoliosis. Based on the diverse characteristics of cerebral palsy, children require care from various specialists, including neuro-paediatricians, orthopaedists, psychologists, epidemiologists, physiotherapists and occupational therapists. This work was written by an international team of such specialists, providing a comprehensive mix of perspectives and expertise.

Teaching Motor Skills to Children with Cerebral Palsy and Similar Movement Disorders

Teaching Motor Skills to Children with Cerebral Palsy and Similar Movement Disorders
  • Author : Sieglinde Martin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :237
  • ISBN : UVA:X004913497
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Summary : While most families of young children with cerebral palsy and similar conditions work in conjunction with a physical therapist a few times a week, it takes daily intervention to help a child reach his motor potential and become more independent. Teaching Motor Skills is the resource that parents, therapists, and other caregivers can consult to help children with gross motor delays learn and practice motor skills outside of therapy sessions. Written by an experienced physical therapist who is also the mother of a child with cerebral palsy, this comprehensive guide examines the physical characteristics of cerebral palsy and similar conditions, muscle tightness and weakness, increased or decreased flexibility, abnormal reflexes, imparied sensory perception, that affect a child's ability to sit, crawl, stand, and walk. Teaching Motor Skills offers dozens of easy-to-follow exercises with accompanying photos that parents may incorporate into many daily routines at home with the guidance and support of their child's physcial therapist. Exercises address: head control; protective reactions; proper positioning; independent sitting with and without arm support; transitional movements; daily stretching; improving muscle strength and coordination; balance training; gait training. Full of anecdotes and frequently-asked-questions, with a chapter on medical intereventions and bracing, and an appendix of equipment and supplies, this user-friendly guide helps parents and professionals coordinate their efforts to achieve the best possible outcome for the child.

Well-being and Quality of Life

Well-being and Quality of Life
  • Author : Mukadder Mollaoglu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-06
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9789535135135
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Summary : The chapters in this book focus on the physical, social, and emotional components of the concept of quality of life. How diseases affect the quality of life of people is mainly discussed. The influence of diseases on quality of life in age-specific periods such as childhood, youth, and old age is also emphasized. In some non-disease-related environmental factors, specific social phenomena have also been analyzed. I hope that current research and research results in the book will be used to increase the quality of life by health professionals. This book will attract not only health workers but also environmentalists and social scientists and behavioral scientists.

Children With Cerebral Palsy

Children With Cerebral Palsy
  • Author : Archie Hinchcliffe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-02-21
  • Total pages :257
  • ISBN : 9780761935605
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Summary : A large number of children in developing countries are born with or develop cerebral palsy. The problem is made worse by inadequate knowledge and treatment facilities. As a result, thousands of children with cerebral palsy live in burdensome dependence upon their families. This tragic situation can be avoided to a great extent by giving treatment early in the child's life and also by guiding families on how to manage the children in ways that help them become independent. This book is a practical guide designed to help therapists and community workers understand and effectively treat children with cerebral palsy. It focuses on: - adequately assessing children with cerebral palsy - designing treatment programmes that can be carried out in partnership with parents and community workers - assessing and managing eating and drinking difficulties - making simple and cost-effective equipment - designing appropriate play activities during therapy - evaluating and dealing with sensory integration problems in children with cerebral palsy - closer integration of theory and practical skills.

Neurological, Psychiatric, and Developmental Disorders

Neurological, Psychiatric, and Developmental Disorders
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Committee on Nervous System Disorders in Developing Countries
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-01-01
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 0309170931
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Summary : Brain disordersâ€"neurological, psychiatric, and developmentalâ€"now affect at least 250 million people in the developing world, and this number is expected to rise as life expectancy increases. Yet public and private health systems in developing countries have paid relatively little attention to brain disorders. The negative attitudes, prejudice, and stigma that often surround many of these disorders have contributed to this neglect. Lacking proper diagnosis and treatment, millions of individual lives are lost to disability and death. Such conditions exact both personal and economic costs on families, communities, and nations. The report describes the causes and risk factors associated with brain disorders. It focuses on six representative brain disorders that are prevalent in developing countries: developmental disabilities, epilepsy, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, and stroke. The report makes detailed recommendations of ways to reduce the toll exacted by these six disorders. In broader strokes, the report also proposes six major strategies toward reducing the overall burden of brain disorders in the developing world.

Cerebral Palsy and Early Stimulation

Cerebral Palsy and Early Stimulation
  • Author : Vykuntaraju KN
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-30
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9789350903018
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Summary : Comprehensive guide to cerebral palsy for neurologists, paediatricians and postgraduates. Step be step coverage of condition. Includes chapter on probability of walking.

The Spastic Forms of Cerebral Palsy

The Spastic Forms of Cerebral Palsy
  • Author : Adriano Ferrari,Giovanni Cioni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-29
  • Total pages :359
  • ISBN : 8847014786
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Summary : by A. Berthoz The publication of this volume, edited by Adriano Ferrari and Giovanni Cioni, is a major event for several reasons. Most importantly, it concerns an area of child pathology that has yet to be fully explored. In this context, the authors’ efforts to compile their observations as well as those of other clinicians and to elaborate their theories have resulted in an ess- tial step in the field of cerebral palsy (CP). The originality of the book is its very clear focus, while at the same time the authors have encouraged the book’s contributors to express their ideas and personal opinions. This leads sometimes to redundancy, but this is precisely one of the benefits of the book - cause the same problems are then exposed from different points of views. The reader is thus spared the normative attempts of many other pathology books, in which the compl- ity of a given disease is hidden by the authors’ or editors’ desire to impose a rigid taxo- my or epidemiology.

Jesse

Jesse
  • Author : Marianne Leone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-07
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 143918416X
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Summary : Jesse Cooper was an honor-roll student who loved to windsurf and write poetry. He also had severe cerebral palsy and was quadriplegic, unable to speak, and wracked by seizures. He died suddenly at age seventeen. In fiercely honest, surprisingly funny, and sometimes heartbreaking prose, Jesse’s mother, Marianne Leone, chronicles her transformation by the remarkable life and untimely death of her child. An unforgettable memoir of joy, grief, and triumph, Knowing Jesse unlocks the secret of unconditional love and speaks to all families who strive to do right by their children.

From Neurons to Neighborhoods

From Neurons to Neighborhoods
  • Author : Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-11-13
  • Total pages :612
  • ISBN : 9780309069885
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Summary : How we raise young children is one of today's most highly personalized and sharply politicized issues, in part because each of us can claim some level of "expertise." The debate has intensified as discoveries about our development-in the womb and in the first months and years-have reached the popular media. How can we use our burgeoning knowledge to assure the well-being of all young children, for their own sake as well as for the sake of our nation? Drawing from new findings, this book presents important conclusions about nature-versus-nurture, the impact of being born into a working family, the effect of politics on programs for children, the costs and benefits of intervention, and other issues. The committee issues a series of challenges to decision makers regarding the quality of child care, issues of racial and ethnic diversity, the integration of children's cognitive and emotional development, and more. Authoritative yet accessible, From Neurons to Neighborhoods presents the evidence about "brain wiring" and how kids learn to speak, think, and regulate their behavior. It examines the effect of the climate-family, child care, community-within which the child grows.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :24
  • ISBN : 0958741654
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Summary : Discusses the different types of cerebral palsy, the causes of cerebral palsy, some associated problems, and the range of treatments available.

Movement Disorders in Childhood

Movement Disorders in Childhood
  • Author : Harvey S. Singer,Jonathan Mink,Donald L. Gilbert,Joseph Jankovic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-27
  • Total pages :594
  • ISBN : 9780124115804
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Summary : Movement Disorders in Childhood, Second Edition, provides the most up-to-date information on the diseases and disorders that affect motor control, an important area of specialization within child neurology. Over the past several decades, advances in genetics, neuroimaging, neurophysiology, and other areas of neuroscience have provided new understanding of the underlying etiologies and mechanisms of these conditions as well as new opportunities for more accurate diagnosis and effective treatment. This new edition builds upon the success of the first edition, with comprehensive scientific and clinical updates of all chapters. In addition, there are new chapters on hereditary spastic paraplegia, quantitative motor assessments, autoimmune disorders, and movement disorders in the developmental neuropsychiatric disorders ADHD, OCD, and autism. Additional materials are provided on the latest in drug treatments, computer based strategies for genetic diagnosis, and helpful videos for phenomenology. Provides the only current reference specifically focused on childhood movement disorders Investigates the underlying etiologies and mechanisms of these disorders Completely revised and updated with new materials and a more disease-oriented approach New coverage of genetics and movement disorders, immunology and movement disorders, and an introduction to the latest quantitative analysis New videos of instructive and unusual childhood movement disorders 2016 BMA Medical Book Awards Highly Commended in Neurology

Finnie's Handling the Young Child with Cerebral Palsy at Home

Finnie's Handling the Young Child with Cerebral Palsy at Home
  • Author : Eva Bower
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :421
  • ISBN : 0750688106
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Summary : Fundamental to the successful treatment of children with cerebral palsy is the cooperation of parents in home handling. This new edition has been expanded and updated to include new information for therapists, parents, nurses and carers.

Clinical Child Neurology

Clinical Child Neurology
  • Author : Mustafa Salih
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-09
  • Total pages :700
  • ISBN : 3319431528
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Summary : This book, which will hold global appeal, adopts a problem-based approach to childhood disorders of the nervous system with the aim of supporting practicing child neurologists, pediatricians, and residents in training in their management of children with neurological disorders. Throughout, the practical assistance that it offers is based firmly on the best available current scientific evidence. The various pediatric neurologic diseases and organ systems are covered by pediatric neurologists and scientists from leading university hospitals and health centers in both the developed and the developing world. In addition to the full range of more frequent disorders, the book spans the neurological aspects of neglected tropical diseases and neurogenetic diagnostic and management algorithms utilizing the power of emerging DNA technology. A further feature is the inclusion of didactic videos relating to epileptic and movement disorders. As an open access publication with a strong clinical focus, the book will be a handy and valuable reference and resource for all practitioners who deal with childhood neurological disorders.

Improving outcomes in cerebral palsy with early intervention: new translational approaches

Improving outcomes in cerebral palsy with early intervention: new translational approaches
  • Author : Anna Purna Basu,Gavin John Clowry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-30
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889195121
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Summary : The aim of this Research Topic was to collate articles describing prediction of outcomes of pre- and perinatal lesions leading to cerebral palsy, basic research in animal models and human subjects, and ideas for, and trials of, interventions in the first two years of life. CP arises from insults to the sensorimotor cortex, subcortical axon tracts and subplate. The aetiology is complex and often multifactorial. The outcome is not simply a loss of voluntary control due to disruption of descending pathways, but also involves abnormal development of reflex and corticospinal circuitry. CP may be viewed as aberrant plasticity in response to a lesion, indeed, abnormalities in movement are subtle at first but develop subsequently. It is misleading to suppose that developmental mechanisms are self-reparative. The challenge is to understand activitydependent fine tuning of neural circuitry during normal development and to find how to promote desirable plasticity whilst limiting undesirable effects following developmental lesions. However, before proposing interventions, we have to develop our ability to predict the severity of neonatal insults. We solicited a variety of articles, including long and short reviews, original research and opinion pieces, from both basic scientists and clinicians. Likewise we, as editors, have complementary knowledge and experience in this area. Anna Basu is an academic pediatric neurologist and Gavin Clowry is a developmental neuroscientist.

Understanding Children with Cerebral Palsy

Understanding Children with Cerebral Palsy
  • Author : Fabrizio Stasolla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1536181439
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Summary : "Cerebral Palsy (CP) represents one of the most frequent neurological disorder in the infancy and in the childhood. It includes brain injuries or developmental defects. According to the World Health Organization, it is a main problem of public health. It may include communication, intellectual, and motor disabilities with negative consequences on children inclusion in daily life and caregivers burden. Rehabilitative interventions are primarily focused on promoting self-determination and independence of individuals with CP. Postural control, gait, and motor skills are usually embedded. Additionally, one may envisage request and choice programs aimed at enhancing the child's awareness of his/her own behavior. The volume summarizes some illustrative evidence-based contributions to emphasize the effectiveness and the suitability of the adopted programs. Beside stability of upper limbs and motor performance of children with CP (chapter one), the therapeutic effects of a horse riding simulator which was compared to a traditional physiotherapy on the sitting position of children with spastic CP (chapter two), the evaluation of stability in children with different form of CP was assessed through a rehabilitative platform was implemented (chapter three). The aforementioned experimental examinations presented between-groups investigations. Furthermore, four case-report studies were included. Assistive technology-based setups were used to promote an active role, constructive engagement, and positive participation of the enrolled children with CP and intellectual disabilities. The beneficial outcomes on their quality of life were considered. Chapter four describes a microswitch-based program to enhance ambulation responses of a child with CP. Chapter five provides a detailed illustration of such program to support locomotion fluency. Chapter six illustrates a cluster-technology aimed at pursuing the dual goal of fostering an adaptive response and reducing a challenging behavior. Chapter seven refers to a computerized system focused on enabling a child with CP and intellectual delays with academic performance and communication opportunities. Whenever available, the effects on indices of happiness and/or positive participation were analyzed. Social validation procedures involving external raters were conducted. Practical features of the retained treatments were privileged. Clinical, educational, psychological, and rehabilitative implications of the findings were systematically and critically discussed. Caregivers, educators, families of children with CP, practitioners, psychologists, speech and occupational therapists, medicine or psychology students, and teachers may find some useful insights for both research and practice in daily life settings"--

Yoga for the Special Child

Yoga for the Special Child
  • Author : Sonia Sumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :245
  • ISBN : PSU:000043089017
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Summary : Describes a program of breathing exercises, yoga poses, and relaxation techniques designed to help children with special needs

Prechtl's Method on the Qualitative Assessment of General Movements in Preterm, Term and Young Infants

Prechtl's Method on the Qualitative Assessment of General Movements in Preterm, Term and Young Infants
  • Author : Christa Einspieler,Heinz R. F. Prechtl,Arend Bos,Fabrizio Ferrari,Giovanni Cioni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-12-03
  • Total pages :104
  • ISBN : 189868362X
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Summary : A quick, non-invasive, non-intrusive and cost-effective method with high reliability and high validity is much in demand for the early detection of neurological anomalies which point to cerebral palsy and developmental deficits later on in life. Over his years as a distinguished developmental neurologist, Heinz Prechtl has devised such a method; a qualitative assessment of general movements (GMs) as a specific predictor for neurological impairments. His method is described in this book. GMs form part of a distinct pattern of movements in preterm babies, term newborns and young infants. They are complex, frequent, and usually of sufficient length. Changes in the normal quality of GMs are a reliable indicator of brain dysfunction. Includes a CD-ROM giving 15 cases selected from the book. Each is of about one minute in duration and demonstrates the different age-specific movement patterns.

Spastic Diplegia--Bilateral Cerebral Palsy

Spastic Diplegia--Bilateral Cerebral Palsy
  • Author : Lily Collison MA MSc
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-05
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 1952181003
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Summary : "A must-read for professionals, parents, and the individual with CP."-Deborah Gaebler-Spira, MDAn empowering and evidence-based guide for living a full life with spastic diplegia-bilateral cerebral palsy."This detailed and practical book on spastic diplegia, written by a parent in conjunction with medical practitioners at Gillette, is simply brilliant and fills a huge gap."-Lori Poliski, parentCerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of childhood-onset lifelong physical disability. Approximately one-third of those with CP have the subtype spastic diplegia-also known as bilateral spastic CP, or simply bilateral CP. An estimated 6 million worldwide have spastic diplegia. Until now, there has been no book focused on this condition to help this large group of people. This book focuses on the motor problems-problems with bones, muscles, and joints, and their impact on walking. The Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) is a five-level system that indicates the severity of the condition. This book is relevant to those at GMFCS levels I to III: those who are capable of walking independently or with a handheld mobility device. These three levels account for the majority of people with spastic diplegia.The book addresses how spastic diplegia develops over the lifespan and explains the evidence-based, best-practice treatments. It empowers parents of young children, and adolescents and adults with the condition, to become better advocates and co-decision makers in the medical process. The focus of this optimistic, yet practical book is on maximizing activity and participation-living life to its fullest. Health care professionals, educators, students, and extended family members will also benefit from reading this book. Indeed, while this book focuses on spastic diplegia, much of what is addressed also applies to other forms of spastic CP at GMFCS levels I to III, namely hemiplegia and quadriplegia.Written by Lily Collison, a parent of a son with spastic diplegia and a medical sciences graduate, in close collaboration with senior medical experts from Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare-a world-renowned center of excellence for CP treatment-this is an excellent, long-needed resource for spastic diplegia.