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Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials

Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials
  • Author : Maria Cristina Tanzi,Silvia Farè
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-20
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9780081007433
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Summary : Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials presents a comprehensive introduction on the topic before discussing the morphology and surface characterization of biomedical polymers. The structural, mechanical, and biological characterization is described in detail, followed by invaluable case studies of polymer biomaterial implants. With comprehensive coverage of both theoretical and experimental information, this title will provide scientists with an essential guide on the topic of these materials which are regularly used for clinical applications, such as implants and drug delivery devices. However, a range of novel polymers and the development and modification of existing medical polymers means that there is an ongoing need to satisfy particular design requirements. This book explains the critical and fundamentals methods to characterize polymer materials for biomedical applications. Presents a self-contained reference on the characterization of polymeric biomaterials Provides comprehensive information on how to characterize biomedical polymers in order to improve design and synthesis Includes useful case studies that demonstrate the characterization of biomaterial implants

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers
  • Author : Sangamesh Kumbar,Cato Laurencin,Meng Deng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-21
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780123972903
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Summary : Polymers are important and attractive biomaterials for researchers and clinical applications due to the ease of tailoring their chemical, physical and biological properties for target devices. Due to this versatility they are rapidly replacing other classes of biomaterials such as ceramics or metals. As a result, the demand for biomedical polymers has grown exponentially and supports a diverse and highly monetized research community. Currently worth $1.2bn in 2009 (up from $650m in 2000), biomedical polymers are expected to achieve a CAGR of 9.8% until 2015, supporting a current research community of approximately 28,000+. Summarizing the main advances in biopolymer development of the last decades, this work systematically covers both the physical science and biomedical engineering of the multidisciplinary field. Coverage extends across synthesis, characterization, design consideration and biomedical applications. The work supports scientists researching the formulation of novel polymers with desirable physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties for specific targeted biomedical applications. Combines chemistry, biology and engineering for expert and appropriate integration of design and engineering of polymeric biomaterials Physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties alongside currently deployed clinical applications of specific biomaterials aids use as single source reference on field. 15+ case studies provides in-depth analysis of currently used polymeric biomaterials, aiding design considerations for the future

Surface Modification of Polymeric Biomaterials

Surface Modification of Polymeric Biomaterials
  • Author : Buddy D. Ratner,David G. Castner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :206
  • ISBN : 9781489919533
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Summary : Applications of synthetic materials in medicine date back over 4000 year2. The Egyptians used linen as sutures. In the Roman Empire, gold was used in dentistry. Perhaps even earlier, ivory and bone may have been used in the body by practitioners of the healing arts. The historical origins of modem biomaterials science are also hard to precisely trace, but many of the ideas that define biomaterials as we know them today evolved in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Surface modification technology has played a prominent role in biomaterials science, and has paralleled the evolution of the modem field. In a symposium organized by the Artifical Heart Program of the NIH National Heart Institute and the Artificial Kidney program of the NIH National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases, held in Atlantic City, New Jersey, in 1968, there were already a number of presentations on surface modification. Surface characterization at that time included scanning electron microscopy, ellipsometry, contact angle methods, and infrared internal reflection methods.

Polymeric Gels

Polymeric Gels
  • Author : Kunal Pal,Indranil Banerjee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-15
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9780081021804
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Summary : Polymeric Gels: Characterization, Properties and Biomedical Applications covers the fundamentals and applications of polymeric gels. Particular emphasis is given to their synthesis, properties and characteristics, with topics such as natural, synthetic, and smart polymeric gels, medical applications, and advancements in conductive and magnetic gels presented. The book covers the basics and applications of hydrogels, providing readers with a comprehensive guide on the types of polymeric gels used in the field of biomedical engineering. Provides guidance for decisions on the suitability and appropriateness of a synthetic route and characterization technique for particular polymeric networks Analyzes and compares experimental data Presents in-depth information on the physical properties of polymeric gels using mathematical models Uses an interdisciplinary approach to discuss potential new applications for both established polymeric gels and recent advances

Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials
  • Author : Amit Bandyopadhyay,Susmita Bose
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-12
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9780124158634
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Summary : One of the key challenges current biomaterials researchers face is identifying which of the dizzying number of highly specialized characterization tools can be gainfully applied to different materials and biomedical devices. Since this diverse marketplace of tools and techniques can be used for numerous applications, choosing the proper characterization tool is highly important, saving both time and resources. Characterization of Biomaterials is a detailed and multidisciplinary discussion of the physical, chemical, mechanical, surface, in vitro and in vivo characterization tools and techniques of increasing importance to fundamental biomaterials research. Characterization of Biomaterials will serve as a comprehensive resource for biomaterials researchers requiring detailed information on physical, chemical, mechanical, surface, and in vitro or in vivo characterization. The book is designed for materials scientists, bioengineers, biologists, clinicians and biomedical device researchers seeking input on planning on how to test their novel materials, structures or biomedical devices to a specific application. Chapters are developed considering the need for industrial researchers as well as academics. Biomaterials researchers come from a wide variety of disciplines: this book will help them to analyze their materials and devices taking advantage of the multiple experiences on offer. Coverage encompasses a cross-section of the physical sciences, biological sciences, engineering and applied sciences characterization community, providing gainful and cross-cutting insight into this highly multi-disciplinary field. Detailed coverage of important test protocols presents specific examples and standards for applied characterization

Fundamental Biomaterials: Polymers

Fundamental Biomaterials: Polymers
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan,M.S. Sreekala
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-20
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780081021958
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Summary : Fundamental Biomaterials: Polymers provides current information on findings and developments of biopolymers and their conversion from base materials to medical devices. Chapters analyze the types of polymers and discuss a range of biomedical applications. It is the first title in a three volume set, with each reviewing the most important and commonly used classes of biomaterials and providing comprehensive information on classification, materials properties, behavior, biocompatibility and applications. The book concludes with essential information on wear, lifetime prediction and cytotoxicity of biomaterials. This title will be of use to researchers and professionals in development stages, but will also help medical researchers understand and effectively communicate the requirements of a biomaterial for a specific application. Further, with the recent introduction of a number of interdisciplinary bio-related undergraduate and graduate programs, this book will be an appropriate reference volume for large number of students at undergraduate and post graduate levels. Provides current information on findings and developments of biopolymers and their conversion from base materials to medical devices Includes analyses of the types of polymers and a discussion of a range of biomedical applications Presents essential information on wear, lifetime prediction and cytotoxicity of biomaterials Explores both theoretical and practical aspects of polymers in biomaterials

Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering

Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering
  • Author : Maria Cristina Tanzi,Silvia Farè,Gabriele Candiani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-16
  • Total pages :572
  • ISBN : 9780128094594
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Summary : Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering provides readers with an introduction to biomaterials engineering. With a strong focus on the essentials of materials science, the book also examines the physiological mechanisms of defense and repair, tissue engineering and the basics of biotechnology. An introductory section covers materials, their properties, processing and engineering methods. The second section, dedicated to Biomaterials and Biocompatibility, deals with issues related to the use and application of the various classes of materials in the biomedical field, particularly within the human body, the mechanisms underlying the physiological processes of defense and repair, and the phenomenology of the interaction between the biological environment and biomaterials. The last part of the book addresses two areas of growing importance: Tissue Engineering and Biotechnology. This book is a valuable resource for researchers, students and all those looking for a comprehensive and concise introduction to biomaterials engineering. Offers a one-stop source for information on the essentials of biomaterials and engineering Useful as an introduction or advanced reference on recent advances in the biomaterials field Developed by experienced international authors, incorporating feedback and input from existing customers

Polymer Processing and Characterization

Polymer Processing and Characterization
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Deepalekshmi Ponnamma,Ajesh K. Zachariah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-23
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 9781926895154
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Summary : This book deals with the polymers, different methods of synthesis, and synthesis of composites, as well as the different techniques used for polymer characterization. Most of the world’s industries extract the anomalous properties of polymers to make excellent cost-effective materials. Because of this, the types of polymers, their processing, and the analysis of their various properties are very significant. Readers will gain a thorough knowledge about the processing of different types of polymers and composites made from them, as well as their various applications. Suitable for classroom use but especially important for researchers, this book addresses: Adhesion of amorphous polymers with vitrified bulk and surface glass transition Functionalized biopolymers and their applications A new synthesis of p-Cresol-Adipamide-Formaldehyde copolymer resin and its applications as an ion-changer Correlating performance of commercial viscosity modifiers for formulating shear stable industrial lubricants Synthesis of phthalonitrile polymers in ionic liquid and microwave media Studies on nanocomposite polymer electrolytes doped with Ca3(PO4)2 for lithium batteries

Advanced Polymers in Medicine

Advanced Polymers in Medicine
  • Author : Francesco Puoci
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-02
  • Total pages :537
  • ISBN : 9783319124780
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Summary : The book provides an up-to-date overview of the diverse medical applications of advanced polymers. The book opens by presenting important background information on polymer chemistry and physicochemical characterization of polymers. This serves as essential scientific support for the subsequent chapters, each of which is devoted to the applications of polymers in a particular medical specialty. The coverage is broad, encompassing orthopedics, ophthalmology, tissue engineering, surgery, dentistry, oncology, drug delivery, nephrology, wound dressing and healing, and cardiology. The development of polymers that enhance the biocompatibility of blood-contacting medical devices and the incorporation of polymers within biosensors are also addressed. This book is an excellent guide to the recent advances in polymeric biomaterials and bridges the gap between the research literature and standard textbooks on the applications of polymers in medicine.

Biodegradation

Biodegradation
  • Author : Rolando Chamy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-14
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9789535111542
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Summary : This book contains a collection of different biodegradation research activities where biological processes take place. The book has two main sections: A) Polymers and Surfactants Biodegradation and B) Biodegradation: Microbial Behaviour.

Engineering of Biomaterials for Drug Delivery Systems

Engineering of Biomaterials for Drug Delivery Systems
  • Author : Anilkumar Parambath
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-01
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 9780081017517
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Summary : Engineering of Biomaterials for Drug Delivery Systems: Beyond Polyethylene Glycol examines the combined issues of PEGylation and viable biomaterials as alternatives. With a strong focus on polymeric biomaterials, the book first reviews the major issues associated with PEGylation and its use in vivo. Chapters then focus on alternative polymer systems for drug delivery systems. Finally, nanoparticles and future perspectives are examined. This book is a valuable resource for scientists and researchers in biomaterials, pharmaceuticals and nanotechnology, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in this field. Provides a self-contained work for the field of biomaterials for drug delivery Summarizes the current knowledge on PEGylation and strategies for bypassing it Presents research on an important, though under-represented issue in biomaterials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers and clinicians

NMR Methods for Characterization of Synthetic and Natural Polymers

NMR Methods for Characterization of Synthetic and Natural Polymers
  • Author : Toshikazu Miyoshi,Pingchuan Sun,Rongchun Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-29
  • Total pages :565
  • ISBN : 9781788018630
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Summary : Since the introduction of FT-NMR spectroscopy around five decades ago, NMR has achieved significant advances in hardware and methodologies, accompanied with the enhancement of spectral resolution and signal sensitivity. Rapid developments in the polymers field mean that accurate and quantitative characterization of polymer structures and dynamics is the keystone for precisely regulating and controlling the physical and chemical properties of the polymer. This book specifically focuses on NMR investigation of complex polymers for the polymer community as well as NMR spectroscopists, and will push the development of both fields. It covers the latest advances, for example high field DNP and ultrafast MAS methodologies, and show how these novel NMR methods characterize various synthetic and natural polymers.

Introduction to Biomaterials

Introduction to Biomaterials
  • Author : J. L. Ong,Mark R. Appleford,Gopinath Mani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-07
  • Total pages :419
  • ISBN : 9780521116909
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Summary : A succinct introduction to the field of biomaterials engineering, packed with practical insights.

Experimental Methods in Polymer Science

Experimental Methods in Polymer Science
  • Author : Toyoichi Tanaka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :604
  • ISBN : 9780080506128
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Summary : Successful characterization of polymer systems is one of the most important objectives of today's experimental research of polymers. Considering the tremendous scientific, technological, and economic importance of polymeric materials, not only for today's applications but for the industry of the 21st century, it is impossible to overestimate the usefulness of experimental techniques in this field. Since the chemical, pharmaceutical, medical, and agricultural industries, as well as many others, depend on this progress to an enormous degree, it is critical to be as efficient, precise, and cost-effective in our empirical understanding of the performance of polymer systems as possible. This presupposes our proficiency with, and understanding of, the most widely used experimental methods and techniques. This book is designed to fulfill the requirements of scientists and engineers who wish to be able to carry out experimental research in polymers using modern methods. Each chapter describes the principle of the respective method, as well as the detailed procedures of experiments with examples of actual applications. Thus, readers will be able to apply the concepts as described in the book to their own experiments. Addresses the most important practical techniques for experimental research in the growing field of polymer science The first well-documented presentation of the experimental methods in one consolidated source Covers principles, practical techniques, and actual examples Can be used as a handbook or lab manual for both students and researchers Presents ideas and methods from an international perspective Techniques addressed in this volume include: Light Scattering Neutron Scattering and X-Ray Scattering Fluorescence Spectroscopy NMR on Polymers Rheology Gel Experiments

Polymer Science and Nanotechnology

Polymer Science and Nanotechnology
  • Author : Ravin Narain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-16
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9780128168073
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Summary : Polymer Science and Nanotechnology: Fundamentals and Applications brings together the latest advances in polymer science and nanoscience. Sections explain the fundamentals of polymer science, including key aspects and methods in terms of molecular structure, synthesis, characterization, microstructure, phase structure and processing and properties before discussing the materials of particular interest and utility for novel applications, such as hydrogels, natural polymers, smart polymers and polymeric biomaterials. The second part of the book examines essential techniques in nanotechnology, with an emphasis on the utilization of advanced polymeric materials in the context of nanoscience. Throughout the book, chapters are prepared so that materials and products can be geared towards specific applications. Two chapters cover, in detail, major application areas, including fuel and solar cells, tissue engineering, drug and gene delivery, membranes, water treatment and oil recovery. Presents the latest applications of polymers and polymeric nanomaterials, across energy, biomedical, pharmaceutical, and environmental fields Contains detailed coverage of polymer nanocomposites, polymer nanoparticles, and hybrid polymer-metallic nanoparticles Supports an interdisciplinary approach, enabling readers from different disciplines to understand polymer science and nanotechnology and the interface between them

Advanced Functional Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Advanced Functional Polymers for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Masoud Mozafari,Narendra Pal Singh Chauhan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-14
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9780128166048
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Summary : Advanced Functional Polymers for Biomedical Applications presents novel techniques for the preparation and characterization of functionalized polymers, enabling researchers, scientists and engineers to understand and utilize their enhanced functionality in a range of cutting-edge biomedical applications. Provides systematic coverage of the major types of functional polymers, discussing their properties, preparation techniques and potential applications Presents new synthetic approaches alongside the very latest polymer processing and characterization methods Unlocks the potential of functional polymers to support ground-breaking techniques for drug and gene delivery, diagnostics, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : L Yahia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-19
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9780857097057
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Summary : Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are an emerging class of smart polymers which give scientists the ability to process the material into a permanent state and predefine a second temporary state which can be triggered by different stimuli. The changing chemistries of SMPs allows scientists to tailor important properties such as strength, stiffness, elasticity and expansion rate. Consequently SMPs are being increasingly used and developed for minimally invasive applications where the material can expand and develop post insertion. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of shape memory polymer technologies. Part 1 will discuss the fundamentals and mechanical aspects of SMPs. Chapters in part 2 will look at the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation whilst the final set of chapters will review applications. Reviews the fundamentals of shape memory polymers with chapters focussing on the basic principles of the materials Comprehensive coverage of design and mechanical aspects of SMPs Expert analysis of the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation

Biomaterials from Nature for Advanced Devices and Therapies

Biomaterials from Nature for Advanced Devices and Therapies
  • Author : Nuno M. Neves
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-24
  • Total pages :704
  • ISBN : 9781118478059
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Summary : In-depth information on natural biomaterials and their applications for translational medicine! Undiluted expertise: edited by world-leading experts with contributions from top-notch international scientists, collating experience and cutting-edge knowledge on natural biomaterials from all over the world A must-have on the shelf in every biomaterials lab: graduate and PhD students beginning their career in biomaterials science and experienced researchers and practitioners alike will turn to this comprehensive reference in their daily work Link to clinical practice: chapters on translational research make readers aware of what needs to be considered when a biomaterial leaves the lab to be routinely used

Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials

Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials
  • Author : Stuart L. Cooper,Jianjun Guan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-23
  • Total pages :718
  • ISBN : 9780081006221
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Summary : Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials brings together a thorough review of advances in the properties and applications of polyurethanes for biomedical applications. The first set of chapters in the book provides an important overview of the fundamentals of this material with chapters on properties and processing methods for polyurethane. Further sections cover significant uses such as their tissue engineering and vascular and drug delivery applications Written by an international team of leading authors, the book is a comprehensive and essential reference on this important biomaterial. Brings together in-depth coverage of an important material, essential for many advanced biomedical applications Connects the fundamentals of polyurethanes with state-of-the-art analysis of significant new applications, including tissue engineering and drug delivery Written by a team of highly knowledgeable authors with a range of professional and academic experience, overseen by an editor who is a leading expert in the field

Advanced Biomaterials--characterization, Tissue Engineering, and Complexity

Advanced Biomaterials--characterization, Tissue Engineering, and Complexity
  • Author : Steven C. Moss
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : UOM:39015055435682
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Summary : This proceedings volume is a compilation of papers from three symposia held at the 2001 MRS Fall Meeting in Boston. Historically, some of the most outstanding breakthroughs in the biological sciences have stemmed from the application of physical characterization techniques to the examination of biological materials and systems. Excellent examples include the application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to the examination of human tissues and the use of X-ray diffraction to determine the structure of DNA. Symposium FF, Physical Characterization of Biological Materials and Systems, draws together researchers from a diverse range of disciplines that are applying physical characterization techniques to the study of biological materials and systems. The past decade has also seen an explosion in novel polymer synthetic and processing routes that allow control of tissue engineering scaffolds at the micro-, nano-, and even molecular levels. These advanced techniques are enabling tissue engineers to synthesize scaffolds and templates that intimately regulate cell behavior. Researchers from Symposium GG, Polymeric Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering, come together here to identify and elaborate upon the unifying themes in polymeric synthesis, processing and characterization as specifically applied to tissue engineering research. In Symposium HH, Bioinspired Materials--Moving Towards Complexity, chemists, physicists, biologists and engineers join together to discuss the interdisciplinary development of synthetic materials based on concepts for materials design found in nature. Their potential for biomedical applications, electronics, catalysis, separation technology and adhesion areaddressed.

Advances in Biomaterials for Biomedical Applications

Advances in Biomaterials for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Anuj Tripathi,Jose Savio Melo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-24
  • Total pages :545
  • ISBN : 9789811033285
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Summary : This book highlights recent advances in the field of biomaterials design and the state of the art in biomaterials applications for biomedicine. Addressing key aspects of biomaterials, the book explores technological advances at multi-scale levels (macro, micro, and nano), which are used in applications related to cell and tissue regeneration. The book also discusses the future scope of bio-integrated systems. The contents are supplemented by illustrated examples, and schematics of molecular and cellular interactions with biomaterials/scaffolds are included to promote a better understanding of the complex biological mechanisms involved in material-to-biomolecule interactions. The book also covers factors that govern cell growth, differentiation, and regeneration in connection with the treatment and recovery of native biological systems. Tissue engineering, drug screening and delivery, and electrolyte complexes for biomedical applications are also covered in detail. This book offers a comprehensive reference guide for multi-disciplinary communities working in the area of biomaterials, and will benefit researchers and graduate students alike.