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Chemical Changes in Food during Processing

Chemical Changes in Food during Processing
  • Author : Thomas Richardson,John W. Finley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986-03-31
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 0870555049
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Summary : This volume results from the Eighth Basic Symposium held by the Institute of Food Technologists in Anaheim, California on June 8-9, 1984. The theme of the symposium was "Chemical Changes in Food during Processing." The speakers included a mix of individuals from academic institu tions, governmental agencies, and the food industry. Twenty speakers discussed topics ranging from the basic chemistry relating to food constituents to the more applied aspects of chemical changes in food components during food processing. It was the intent of the organizers to bring together a group of speakers who could address the chemistry of changes in food compo nents during processing from a mechanistic point of view. As a con sequence, the proceedings of this symposium emphasize the basic chemistry of changes in food constituents from a generic perspective which is intended to provide the reader with a background to address more specific problems that may arise.

Chemical Changes During Processing and Storage of Foods

Chemical Changes During Processing and Storage of Foods
  • Author : Delia B. Rodriguez-Amaya,Jaime Amaya-Farfan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-25
  • Total pages :722
  • ISBN : 9780128173817
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Summary : Chemical Changes During Processing and Storage of Foods: Implications for Food Quality and Human Health presents a comprehensive and updated discussion of the major chemical changes occurring in foods during processing and storage, the mechanisms and influencing factors involved, and their effects on food quality, shelf-life, food safety, and health. Food components undergo chemical reactions and interactions that produce both positive and negative consequences. This book brings together classical and recent knowledge to deliver a deeper understanding of this topic so that desirable alterations can be enhanced and undesirable changes avoided or reduced. Chemical Changes During Processing and Storage of Foods provides researchers in the fields of food science, nutrition, public health, medical sciences, food security, biochemistry, pharmacy, chemistry, chemical engineering, and agronomy with a strong knowledge to support their endeavors to improve the food we consume. It will also benefit undergraduate and graduate students working on a variety of disciplines in food chemistry Offers a comprehensive overview of the major chemical changes that occur in foods at the molecular level and discusses the positive and negative effects on food quality and human health Describes the mechanisms of these chemical changes and the factors that impede or accelerate their occurrence Helps to solve daily industry problems such as loss of color and nutritional quality, alteration of texture, flavor deterioration or development of off-flavor, loss of nutrients and bioactive compounds or lowering of their bioefficacy, and possible formation of toxic compounds

Chemical Changes During Food Processing

Chemical Changes During Food Processing
  • Author : Jiří Davídek,Jan Velíšek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990-01-01
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 0444988459
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Summary : Distributed in Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria, China, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, GDR, Dem People's Rep of Korea, Mongolia, Poland, Roumania, Soviet Union, Dem Rep of Vietnam and Yugoslavia by Avicenum, Czechoslovak Medical Press, Praha The book deals with the chemical reactions taking place in food during industrial processing and storage, and shows how various food components react according to their chemical composition and the influence of other components or processing conditions. The work describes in detail the changes of the main food components (proteins, saccharides, lipids) and of other components important from the standpoint of the nutritional, sensory and hygienic properties of food materials. Important changes of physical properties (which may affect the chemical reactivity) are given as well. The most important reactions are elucidated on examples from technological processes which also show the effect of these chemical reactions on the most important properties of food products.

Physico-Chemical Aspects of Food Processing

Physico-Chemical Aspects of Food Processing
  • Author : S.T. Beckett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 9781461312277
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Summary : Food processing is now the biggest industry in the UK and in many other countries. It is also rapidly changing from what was essentially a craft industry, batch processing relatively small amounts of product, to a very highly automated one with continuously operating high speed production lines. In addition, consumers have developed a greater expectation for consistently high standard products and coupled this with demands for such things as a more natural flavour, lower fat etc. The need for an increased knowledge of the scientific principles behind food processing has never been greater. Within the industry itself, increased automation, company diversification and amalgamations etc. have meant that those working in it have often to change their field of operation. Whereas twenty years ago, someone starting work in one branch of the food industry could expect, if he or she so desired, to work there all their working lives, this is now seldom the case. This means that a basic knowledge of the principles behind food processing is necessary both for the student at university or college, and for those already in the industry. It is hoped, therefore, that this book will appeal to both, and prove to be a useful reference over a wide range of food processing.

Process-Induced Chemical Changes in Food

Process-Induced Chemical Changes in Food
  • Author : Fereidoon Shahidi,Chi-Tang Ho,Nguyen Van Chuyen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 9781489919250
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Summary : Chemical changes that occur in foods during processing and storage are manifold and might be both desirable and undesirable in nature. While many of the processes are carried out intentionally, there are also certain unwanted changes that naturally occur in food and might have to be controlled. Therefore, efforts are made to devise processing technologies in which desirable attributes of foods are retained and their deleterious ef fects are minimized. While proteins, lipids and carbohydrates are the main nutrients of food that are affected by processing, it is their interaction with one another, as well as in volvement oflow-molecular-weight constituents that affects their flavor, color and overall acceptability. Thus, generation of aroma via thermal processing and bioconversion is of utmost importance in food preparation. Furthermore, processing operations must be opti mized in order to eliminate or reduce the content of antinutrients that are present in foods and retain their bioactive components. Therefore, while novel processing technologies such as freezing, irradiation, microwaving, high pressure treatment and fermentation might be employed, control process conditions in a manner that both the desirable sensory attributes and wholesomeness of foods are safeguarded is essential. Obviously, method ologies should also be established to quantitate the changes that occur in foods as a result of processing. This volume was developed from contributions provided by a group of internation ally-recognized lead scientists.

Chemical Deterioration and Physical Instability of Food and Beverages

Chemical Deterioration and Physical Instability of Food and Beverages
  • Author : Leif H Skibsted,Jens Risbo,Mogens L Andersen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-04-23
  • Total pages :824
  • ISBN : 9781845699260
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Summary : For a food product to be a success in the marketplace it must be stable throughout its shelf-life. Quality deterioration due to chemical changes and alterations in condition due to physical instability are not always recognised, yet can be just as problematic as microbial spoilage. This book provides an authoritative review of key topics in this area. Chapters in part one focus on the chemical reactions which can negatively affect food quality, such as oxidative rancidity, and their measurement. Part two reviews quality deterioration associated with physical changes, such as moisture loss, gain and migration, crystallization and emulsion breakdown. Contributions in the following section outline the likely effects on different foods and beverages, including bakery products, fruit and vegetables, ready-to-eat meals and wine. With contributions from leaders in their fields, Chemical deterioration and physical instability of food and beverages is an essential reference for R&D and QA staff in the food industry and researchers with an interested in this subject. Examines chemical reactions which can negatively affect food quality and measurement Reviews quality deterioration associated with physical changes such as moisture loss, gain and migration, and crystallization Documents deterioration in specific food and beverage products including bakery products, frozen foods and wine

Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-22
  • Total pages :2194
  • ISBN : 9780128140451
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Summary : Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry is the ideal primer for food scientists, researchers, students and young professionals who want to acquaint themselves with food chemistry. Well-organized, clearly written, and abundantly referenced, the book provides a foundation for readers to understand the principles, concepts, and techniques used in food chemistry applications. Articles are written by international experts and cover a wide range of topics, including food chemistry, food components and their interactions, properties (flavor, aroma, texture) the structure of food, functional foods, processing, storage, nanoparticles for food use, antioxidants, the Maillard and Strecker reactions, process derived contaminants, and the detection of economically-motivated food adulteration. The encyclopedia will provide readers with an introduction to specific topics within the wider context of food chemistry, as well as helping them identify the links between the various sub-topics. Offers readers a comprehensive understanding of food chemistry and the various connections between the sub-topics Provides an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and readers from undergraduate levels and upwards Meticulously organized, with articles structured logically based on the various elements of food chemistry

Essentials and Applications of Food Engineering

Essentials and Applications of Food Engineering
  • Author : C. Anandharamakrishnan,S. Padma Ishwarya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-15
  • Total pages :778
  • ISBN : 9780429772399
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Summary : Essentials & Applications of Food Engineering provides a comprehensive understanding of food engineering operations and their practical and industrial utility. It presents pertinent case studies, solved numerical problems, and multiple choice questions in each chapter and serves as a ready reference for classroom teaching and exam preparations. The first part of this textbook contains the introductory topics on units and dimensions, material balance, energy balance, and fluid flow. The second part deals with the theory and applications of heat and mass transfer, psychrometry, and reaction kinetics. The subsequent chapters of the book present the heat and mass transfer operations such as evaporation, drying, refrigeration, freezing, mixing, and separation. The final section focuses on the thermal, non-thermal, and nanotechnology-based novel food processing techniques, 3D food printing, active and intelligent food packaging, and fundamentals of CFD modeling. Features Features 28 case studies to provide a substantial understanding of the practical and industrial applications of various food engineering operations Includes 178 solved numerical problems and 285 multiple choice questions Highlights the application of mass balance in food product traceability and the importance of viscosity measurement in a variety of food products Provides updated information on novel food processing techniques such as cold plasma, 3D food printing, nanospray drying, electrospraying, and electrospinning The textbook is designed for undergraduate and graduate students pursuing Food Technology and Food Process Engineering courses. This book would also be of interest to course instructors and food industry professionals.

Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Components

Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Components
  • Author : Zdzislaw E. Sikorski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-10-25
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9781420009613
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Summary : Water, saccharides, proteins, lipids, minerals, colorants, and additives all contribute to the nutritional value and sensory properties of food. During post harvest storage and processing, these components change and the extent and nature of change depends on the chemical properties of the compounds themselves. Knowledge of the chemistry and bioche

Phase Transitions in Foods

Phase Transitions in Foods
  • Author : Yrjo H Roos,Stephan Drusch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-05
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9780124079229
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Summary : Phase Transitions in Foods, Second Edition, assembles the most recent research and theories on the topic, describing the phase and state transitions that affect technological properties of biological materials occurring in food processing and storage. It covers the role of water as a plasticizer, the effect of transitions on mechanical and chemical changes, and the application of modeling in predicting stability rates of change. The volume presents methods for detecting changes in the physical state and various techniques used to analyze phase behavior of biopolymers and food components. It should become a valuable resource for anyone involved with food engineering, processing, storage, and quality, as well as those working on related properties of pharmaceuticals and other biopolymers. Contains descriptions of non-fat food solids as "biopolymers" which exhibit physical properties that are highly dependent on temperature, time, and water content Details the effects of water on the state and stability of foods Includes information on changes occurring in state and physicochemical properties during processing and storage The only book on phase and state transitions written specifically for the applications in food industry, product development, and research

Phase Transitions in Foods

Phase Transitions in Foods
  • Author : Yrjö H. Roos,Yrjo H Roos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-06-12
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 0080538738
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Summary : Assembling recent research and theories, this book describes the phase and state transitions that affect technological properties of biological materials occurring in food processing and storage. It covers the role of water as a plasticizer, the effect of transitions on mechanical and chemical changes, and the application of modeling in predicting stability rates of changes. The volume presents methods for detecting changes in the physical state and various techniques used to analyze phase behavior of biopolymers and food components. This book should become a valuable resource for anyone involved with food engineering, processing, storage, and quality, as well as those working on related properties of pharmaceuticals and other biopolymers. Contains descriptions of nonfat food solids as"biopolymers"which exhibit physical properties that are highly dependent on temperature, time, and water content Details the effects of water on the state and stability of foods Includes information on changes occuring in state and physicochemical properties during processing and storage The only book on phase and state transitions written specifically for the applications in food industry, product development, and research No recent competition

Physicochemical Aspects of Food Engineering and Processing

Physicochemical Aspects of Food Engineering and Processing
  • Author : Sakamon Devahastin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-03
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9781439857748
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Summary : Physical and chemical interactions between various constituents resulting from processing operations often lead to physical, sensory, and nutritional changes in foods. Combining important information on processing and food quality, Physicochemical Aspects of Food Engineering and Processing describes the effects of various processing technologies on quality changes of different major foods in an integrative manner. Written by Physicochemical Experts in Food Engineering & Processing Part I critically reviews the physicochemical property changes of different foods undergoing selected processes, such as microencapsulation, frying, microwave-assisted thermal processing, high-pressure processing, pulsed electric field processing, and freezing. This section also includes a chapter on the effects of various processing technologies on microbial growth and inactivation. Part II focuses on multiphase food systems made of proteins, seafoods, red meats, and pet foods, and the physicochemical changes they undergo when being processed. Physicochemical Aspects of Food Engineering and Processing covers the engineering, processing, and quality angles equally. It is an extremely useful resource for academic and industrial researchers seeking an up-to-date overview of the increasingly important combination of both sides of food research and development.

Chemical Markers for Processed and Stored Foods

Chemical Markers for Processed and Stored Foods
  • Author : Tung-Ching Lee,Hie-Joon Kim,American Chemical Society
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : UOM:39015037788679
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Summary : This text describes uses of chemical markers for food scientists and technologists who need to maximize the initial product quality and minimize the deteriorative change in foods during storage

Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Proteins

Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Proteins
  • Author : Zdzislaw E. Sikorski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-22
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 1566769604
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Summary : Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Proteins presents the current state of knowledge on the content of proteins in food structures, the chemical, functional, and nutritive properties of food proteins, the chemical and biochemical modification of proteins in foods during storage and processing, and the mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of nitrogenous compounds. It emphasizes the structure-function relationship as well as the effects of practical conditions applied in food processing on the biochemical and chemical reactions in food proteins and food product quality. The first ten chapters discuss structure-function relationships, methods of analysis of nitrogenous compounds, chemical and enzymatic modifications, nutritive roles, and mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of food proteins. The following six chapters describe the proteins of meat and fish, milk, eggs, cereals, legumes, oilseeds and single cell organisms, and present detailed information on the effects of conditions applied in storage and processing on the reactions in proteins and their impact on quality attributes of food products.

Processing and Impact on Active Components in Food

Processing and Impact on Active Components in Food
  • Author : Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-27
  • Total pages :724
  • ISBN : 9780124047099
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Summary : From beef to baked goods, fish to flour, antioxidants are added to preserve the shelf life of foods and ensure consumer acceptability. These production-added components may also contribute to the overall availability of essential nutrients for intake as well as the prevention of the development of unwelcome product characteristics such as off-flavours or colours. However, there are processes that reduce the amount of naturally occurring antioxidants and awareness of that potential is just as important for those in product research and development. There is a practical need to understand not only the physiological importance of antioxidants in terms of consumer health benefit, but how they may be damaged or enhanced through the processing and packaging phases. This book presents information key to understanding how antioxidants change during production of a wide variety of food products, with a focus toward how this understanding may be translated effectively to other foods as well. Addresses how the composition of food is altered, the analytical techniques used, and the applications to other foods Presents in-chapter summary points and other translational insights into concepts, techniques, findings and approaches to processing of other foods Explores advances in analytical and methodological science within each chapter

Handbook of Food Chemistry

Handbook of Food Chemistry
  • Author : Peter Chi Keung Cheung,Bhavbhuti M. Mehta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-19
  • Total pages :1200
  • ISBN : 364236604X
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Summary : This handbook is intended to be a comprehensive reference for the various chemical aspects of foods and food products. Apart from the traditional knowledge, this book covers the most recent research and development of food chemistry in the areas of functional foods and nutraceuticals, organic and genetically modified foods, nonthermal food processing as well as nanotechnology. This handbook contains both the basic and advanced chemistry both for food research and its practical applications in various food related industries and businesses. This book is appropriate for undergraduates and postgraduates in the academics and professionals from the various disciplines and industries who are interested in applying knowledge of food chemistry in their respective fields.

Food Quality and Shelf Life

Food Quality and Shelf Life
  • Author : Charis M. Galanakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-25
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780128171905
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Summary : Food Quality and Shelf Life covers all aspects and challenges of food preservation, packaging and shelf-life. It provides information on the most important pillars in the field, starting with active and smart packaging materials, novel technologies, and control tools in all stages between production and consumer. The book gives emphasis to methodological approaches for sensory shelf-life estimation and the impact of packaging on sensorial properties. Researchers and professionals alike will find this reference useful, especially those who are interested in the performance evaluation of future packaging for fresh produce in the cold chain and temperature management in the supply chain. Presents insights regarding new trends in emerging technologies in the field Includes hot topics, such as modified atmosphere packaging and active materials to improve shelf-life Provides shelf-life assessment and modeling methodologies and accelerated shelf-life testing

Environmental Health Perspectives

Environmental Health Perspectives
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCR:31210008425546
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Summary :

Food Microbiology

Food Microbiology
  • Author : Osman Erkmen,T. Faruk Bozoglu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-13
  • Total pages :944
  • ISBN : 9781119237761
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Summary : This book covers application of food microbiology principles into food preservation and processing. Main aspects of the food preservation techniques, alternative food preservation techniques, role of microorganisms in food processing and their positive and negative features are covered. Features subjects on mechanism of antimicrobial action of heat, thermal process, mechanisms for microbial control by low temperature, mechanism of food preservation, control of microorganisms and mycotoxin formation by reducing water activity, food preservation by additives and biocontrol, food preservation by modified atmosphere, alternative food processing techniques, and traditional fermented products processing. The book is designed for students in food engineering, health science, food science, agricultural engineering, food technology, nutrition and dietetic, biological sciences and biotechnology fields. It will also be valuable to researchers, teachers and practising food microbiologists as well as anyone interested in different branches of food.

Ultra High Pressure Treatment of Foods

Ultra High Pressure Treatment of Foods
  • Author : Marc E.G. Hendrickx,Dietrich Knorr
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781461507239
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Summary : During the past decade, consumer demand for convenient, fresh-like, safe, high-quality food products has grown. The food industry has responded by applying a number of new technologies including high hydrostatic pressure for food processing and preservation. In addition, food scientists have demonstrated the feasibility of industrial-scale high pressure processing. This technology is of specific interest to the food industry because it provides an attractive alternative to conventional methods of thermal processing, which often produce undesirable changes in foods and hamper the balance between high quality (color, flavor, and functionality) and safety. In addition, it offers opportunities for creating new ingredients and products because of the specific actions of high pressure on bio logical materials and food constituents. It allows food scientists to redesign exist ing processes and to create entirely new ones using high pressure technology alone or in combination with conventional processes (e. g. , pressure-temperature combinations ). Researchers have investigated high pressure processing for the past century. Scientists such as Hite and Bridgman did pioneering work at the turn of the 20th century. Then during the 1980s and 1990s, there was a large effort to investigate the effects of high pressure on biological materials, particularly foods. The initial research activities in the late 1980s and early 1990s focused on exploratory activ ities in the food area.

Food Shelf Life Stability

Food Shelf Life Stability
  • Author : Michael Eskin,David S. Robinson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-09-19
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781420036657
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Summary : Food Shelf Life Stability provides a unique approach to understanding this critical subject by examining physical, chemical, and biochemical factors affecting food quality. The first section emphasizes the effects that water activity, glass transition, and plasticization have on temperature, water content, and time-dependant phenomena affecting