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Chemistry and Bioactivity of Boswellic Acids and Other Terpenoids of the Genus Boswellia

Chemistry and Bioactivity of Boswellic Acids and Other Terpenoids of the Genus Boswellia
  • Author : Ahmed Al-Harrasi,Hidayat Hussain,René Csuk,Husain Yar Khan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-19
  • Total pages :164
  • ISBN : 9780081024485
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Summary : Exhibiting a wealth of interesting activities and novel structures, Boswellic acid and the other terpenoids of the genus Boswellia (from which frankincense is derived) are a growing source of interest for the natural product drug discovery community. Chemistry and Bioactivity of Boswellic Acids and Other Terpenoids of the Genus Boswellia presents, in a single volume for the first time, key research into their structures, synthesis and potential as starting points for the development of medicinal agents. Drawing on the authors’ expert knowledge, this volume is an interesting insight into the identification of novel compounds from endemic plant sources, and is a useful tool for all researchers involved in the discovery and development of bioactive structures from natural products. Collates key information on the underlying chemistry and activities of bioactive agents from the Boswellia species Highlights techniques applicable to the study of natural products across the globe Provides insights into the assessment of medicinal natural products with high economic potential

Biology of Genus Boswellia

Biology of Genus Boswellia
  • Author : Ahmed Al-Harrasi,Abdul Latif Khan,Sajjad Asaf,Ahmed Al-Rawahi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-01
  • Total pages :173
  • ISBN : 9783030167257
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Summary : This book provides insight into the biology and genomics of the genus Boswellia (family Burseraceae), a natural resource used for the production of frankincense, an oleo-gum resin. The Boswellia species are ecologically, medicinally, commercially and culturally important. Significantly contributing to the paucity of comprehensive literature on this genus, this volume provides a detailed discussion on the genomics, physiology and ecology of Boswellia. The chapters cover a wide range of topics, including taxonomy, distribution, genetic diversity and microbiology. The production process of frankincense and its impact on the species are presented as well. In light of the recent decline of various Boswellia populations, species propagation and conservation are discussed. Plant scholars, ecologists and conservation biologists will find this book to be an important and informative reference.

Computational Approaches in Drug Discovery and Precision Medicine

Computational Approaches in Drug Discovery and Precision Medicine
  • Author : Zunnan Huang,Xiao Jun Yao,Ruo-Xu Gu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03-15
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889666010
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Summary :

Biological Potential and Medical Use of Secondary Metabolites

Biological Potential and Medical Use of Secondary Metabolites
  • Author : Ana M. L Seca,Diana Cláudia Pinto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-26
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9783039211876
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Summary : Many macro and micro species, from terrestrial and aquatic environments, produce structurally unique compounds and, in many countries, still are the primary sources of medicines. In fact, secondary metabolites are an important source of chemotherapeutic agents but are also lead compounds for synthetic modification and the optimization of biological activity. Therefore, the exploitation of secondary metabolites, or their inspired synthetic compounds, offers excellent opportunities for the pharmaceutical industry. This Medicines Special Issue focuses on the great potential of secondary metabolites for therapeutic application. The Special Issue contains 16 articles reporting relevant experimental results, and an overview of bioactive secondary metabolites, their biological effects, and new methodologies that improve and accelerate the process of obtained lead compounds with regard to new drug development. We would like to thank all 83 authors, from all over the world, for their valuable contributions to this Special Issue.

Essential Oil Research

Essential Oil Research
  • Author : Sonia Malik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-07
  • Total pages :449
  • ISBN : 9783030165468
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Summary : This book highlights the advances in essential oil research, from the plant physiology perspective to large-scale production, including bioanalytical methods and industrial applications. The book is divided into 4 sections. The first one is focused on essential oil composition and why plants produce these compounds that have been used by humans since ancient times. Part 2 presents an update on the use of essential oils in various areas, including food and pharma industries as well as agriculture. In part 3 readers will find new trends in bioanalytical methods. Lastly, part 4 presents a number of approaches to increase essential oil production, such as in vitro and hairy root culture, metabolic engineering and biotechnology. Altogether, this volume offers a comprehensive look at what researchers have been doing over the last years to better understand these compounds and how to explore them for the benefit of the society.

Anti-inflammatory Nutraceuticals and Chronic Diseases

Anti-inflammatory Nutraceuticals and Chronic Diseases
  • Author : Subash Chandra Gupta,Sahdeo Prasad,Bharat B. Aggarwal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-26
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 9783319413341
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Summary : This comprehensive volume focuses on anti-inflammatory nutraceuticals and their role in various chronic diseases. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drugs such as steroids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), statins and metformin have been shown to modulate inflammatory pathways, but their long-term intake has been associated with numerous side effects. This means that there is enormous potential for dietary agents that can modulate inflammatory pathways in humans. Leading experts describe the latest research on the role of anti-inflammatory nutraceuticals in preventing and treating chronic diseases.

Phytotherapy

Phytotherapy
  • Author : Francesco Capasso,Timothy S. Gaginella,Giuliano Grandolini,Angelo A. Izzo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9783642555282
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Summary : This richly illustrated reference guide treats the subject of herbal medicines in an integrated fashion with reference to pharmacognosy, pharmacology and toxicology. It will help to enable internists, phytotherapists, physicians, healthcare practitioners as well as students to understand why, when and how herbal medicines can be used in the treatment of diseases. A great deal of pathology and therapeutic information is also included. Numerous tables as well as figures clarify complex mechanisms and other information. The most important medicinal plants and drugs are illustrated with exceptional color plates.

Chemistry of Spices

Chemistry of Spices
  • Author : V. A. Parthasarathy,Bhageerathy Chempakam,T. John Zachariah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :445
  • ISBN : 9781845934057
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Summary : This book (24 chapters) covers the chemistry (chemical composition and structure) of the following spice plants and their products, and provides brief information on the morphology, and postharvest management (storage, packaging and grading) of these crops: black pepper (Piper nigrum), small cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), large cardamom (Amomum subulatum), ginger, turmeric, cinnamon and cassia (Cinnamomum spp.), clove, nutmeg and mace, coriander (Coriandrum sativum), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), fennel, fenugreek, paprika and chilli (Capsicum spp.), vanilla (Vanilla spp.), ajowan (Trachyspermum ammi), star anise (Illicium verum), aniseed (Pimpinella anisum), garcinia (Garcinia spp.), tamarind, parsley, celery, curry leaf (Murraya koenigii) and bay leaf (Laurus nobilis). This book will be useful to researchers, industrialists and postgraduate students of agriculture, horticulture and phytochemistry, and to spice traders and processors.

Herbalism, Phytochemistry and Ethnopharmacology

Herbalism, Phytochemistry and Ethnopharmacology
  • Author : Amritpal Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-11
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9781439853610
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Summary : Bridging the gap between the ancient art of herbalism and the emerging sciences of ethnopharmocology and phytopharmacotherapy, this book highlights the major breakthroughs in the history of the field and focuses on future directions in the discovery and application of herb-derived medicines. Implementing the concept of reverse pharmacology, it inte

Handbook of Nutraceuticals Volume I

Handbook of Nutraceuticals Volume I
  • Author : Yashwant Vishnupant Pathak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-24
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 1420082221
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Summary : As soon as Dr. Stephen DeFelice coined the phrase nutraceutical, product and supplement developers swung into action. Yet among the numerous books available on nutraceuticals, there is none that systematically lists, categorizes, and analyzes nutraceutical extracts and formulations in a pharmacopoeia-like manner. Handbook of Nutraceuticals, Volume 1: Ingredients, Formulations, and Applications lists information on many ingredients used in nutraceuticals, developing their formulations and applications. The book includes contributions from experts with pharmaceutical backgrounds, providing an examination of nutraceuticals from a pharmaceutical perspective. Building a foundation with coverage of historical background, definitions, and challenges, the book offers insight into nutraceutical ingredients from plant, animal, and mineral origin. It then covers the characterization of nutraceuticals’ physicochemical, analytical, pharmacological, and pharmacokinetic classification, followed by information on regulatory requirements. The book highlights applications in cardiovascular disease, bone and joint treatments, diabetes management, weight management, skin health, probiotics and prebiotics, tranquilizing medicinal plants, dietary foods, and more. Interest in new diet regimens and new products for increased health and longevity will continue to grow, giving dietary supplements an increasing amount of cupboard space in most households. With quality of content unsurpassed by many resources, the book discusses the characterization processes for nutraceuticals based on the contributors’ experience in pharmaceuticals. It then explores how those proven techniques may be applied to the development and manufacture of nutraceutical products.

Antifungal Metabolites from Plants

Antifungal Metabolites from Plants
  • Author : Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh,Mahendra Rai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-26
  • Total pages :469
  • ISBN : 9783642380761
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Summary : The goal of this book is to provide essential information on the use of different medicinal plants and their secondary metabolites for the treatment of various fungal diseases affecting human beings, animals and plants. It is divided in four parts: Part I examines the global distribution of plant-derived antifungal compounds, Part II deals with antifungal activities of plant metabolites, Part III includes plants used in Ayurveda and traditional systems for treating fungal diseases, and Part IV discusses the use of plant-derived products to protect plants against fungal diseases. ​

Phytochemicals

Phytochemicals
  • Author : Venketeshwer Rao,Leticia Rao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-30
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9789535121701
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Summary : Global dietary recommendations emphasize the consumption of plant-based foods for the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Plants contain many biologically active compounds referred to as phytochemicals or functional ingredients. These compounds play an important role in human health. Prior to establishing the safety and health benefits of these compounds, they must first be isolated, purified, and their physico-chemical properties established. Once identified, their mechanisms of actions are studied. The chapters are arranged in the order from isolation, purification and identification to in vivo and clinical studies, there by covering not only the analytical procedures used but also their nutraceutical and therapeutic properties.

Handbook of African Medicinal Plants, Second Edition

Handbook of African Medicinal Plants, Second Edition
  • Author : Maurice M. Iwu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-04
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 9781466571983
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Summary : With over 50,000 distinct species in sub-Saharan Africa alone, the African continent is endowed with an enormous wealth of plant resources. While more than 25 percent of known species have been used for several centuries in traditional African medicine for the prevention and treatment of diseases, Africa remains a minor player in the global natural products market largely due to lack of practical information. This updated and expanded second edition of the Handbook of African Medicinal Plants provides a comprehensive review of more than 2,000 species of plants employed in indigenous African medicine, with full-color photographs and references from over 1,100 publications. The first part of the book contains a catalog of the plants used as ingredients for the preparation of traditional remedies, including their medicinal uses and the parts of the plant used. This is followed by a pharmacognostical profile of 170 of the major herbs, with a brief description of the diagnostic features of the leaves, flowers, and fruits and monographs with botanical names, common names, synonyms, African names, habitat and distribution, ethnomedicinal uses, chemical constituents, and reported pharmacological activity. The second part of the book provides an introduction to African traditional medicine, outlining African cosmology and beliefs as they relate to healing and the use of herbs, health foods, and medicinal plants. This book presents scientific documentation of the correlation between the observed folk use and demonstrable biological activity, as well as the characterized constituents of the plants.

Natural Products from Plants, Second Edition

Natural Products from Plants, Second Edition
  • Author : Leland J. Cseke,Ara Kirakosyan,Peter B. Kaufman,Sara Warber,James A. Duke,Harry L. Brielmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9781420004472
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Summary : 2008 NOMINEE The Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries Annual Award for a Significant Work in Botanical or Horticultural Literature From medicinal, industrial, and culinary uses to cutting-edge laboratory techniques in modern research and plant conservation strategies, Natural Products from Plants, Second Edition reveals a vastly expanded understanding of the natural products that plants produce. In a single volume, this bookoffers a thorough inventory of the various types of plant-derived compounds. It covers their chemical composition, structure, and properties alongside the most effective ways to identify, extract, analyze, and characterize new plant-derived compounds. The authors examine new information on the chemical mechanisms plants use to deter predators and pathogens, attract symbiotic organisms, and defend themselves against environmental stress—insights which are key for adapting such mechanisms to human health. Along with updated and revised information from the highly acclaimed first edition, the second edition presents seven new chapters and features more than 50% new material relating to plant constituents, natural product biochemistry, and molecular biology. The book incorporates in-depth treatment of natural product biosynthesis with new collection and extraction protocols, advanced separation and analytical techniques, up-to-date bioassays, as well as modern molecular biology and plant biotechnology for the production of natural products. Unique in its breadth and coverage, Natural Products from Plants, Second Edition belongs on the shelf of interested researchers, policymakers, and consumers— particularly those involved in disease prevention, treatment, and pharmaceutical applications—who need a complete guide to the properties, uses, and study of plant natural products.

Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry
  • Author : J. David Rawn,Robert J. Ouellette
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-03
  • Total pages :1056
  • ISBN : 9780128128398
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Summary : Organic Chemistry: Structure, Mechanism, Synthesis, Second Edition, provides basic principles of this fascinating and challenging science, which lies at the interface of physical and biological sciences. Offering accessible language and engaging examples and illustrations, this valuable introduction for the in-depth chemistry course engages students and gives future and new scientists a new approach to understanding, rather than merely memorizing the key concepts underpinning this fundamental area. The book builds in a logical way from chemical bonding to resulting molecular structures, to the corresponding physical, chemical and biological properties of those molecules. The book explores how molecular structure determines reaction mechanisms, from the smallest to the largest molecules—which in turn determine strategies for organic synthesis. The book then describes the synthetic principles which extend to every aspect of synthesis, from drug design to the methods cells employ to synthesize the molecules of which they are made. These relationships form a continuous narrative throughout the book, in which principles logically evolve from one to the next, from the simplest to the most complex examples, with abundant connections between the theory and applications. Featuring in-book solutions and instructor PowerPoint slides, this Second Edition offers an updated and improved option for students in the two-semester course and for scientists who require a high quality introduction or refresher in the subject. Offers improvements for the two-semester course sequence and valuable updates including two new chapters on lipids and nucleic acids Features biochemistry and biological examples highlighted throughout the book, making the information relevant and engaging to readers of all backgrounds and interests Includes a valuable and highly-praised chapter on organometallic chemistry not found in other standard references

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the Middle-East

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the Middle-East
  • Author : Zohara Yaniv,Nativ Dudai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-11
  • Total pages :337
  • ISBN : 9789401792769
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Summary : The current volume, "Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the Middle-East" brings together chapters on selected, unique medicinal plants of this region, known to man since biblical times. Written by leading researchers and scientists, this volume covers both domesticated crops and wild plants with great potential for cultivation. Some of these plants are well-known medicinally, such as opium poppy and khat, while others such as apharsemon and citron have both ritual and medicinal uses. All have specific and valuable uses in modern society. As such, it is an important contribution to the growing field of medicinal and aromatic plants. This volume is intended to bring the latest research to the attention of the broad range of botanists, ethnopharmacists, biochemists, plant and animal physiologists and others who will benefit from the information gathered therein. Plants know no political boundaries, and bringing specific folklore to general medical awareness can only be for the benefit of all.

The Medicinal Plant Industry

The Medicinal Plant Industry
  • Author : R. O. B. Wijesekera
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-12
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9781351409858
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Summary : As the medicinal plant industry blooms into a billion dollar business, it reaches beyond collection, propagation, harvesting and sale of crude vegetal drugs into product formulation, packaging and dispensing of sophisticated phyto-pharmaceuticals and herbal preparations. The scientific study of these medicines and the systematic uplifting of the industry to preserve the ancient and serve the modern, is now a global challenge. The Medicinal Plant Industry puts together the various facets of this multi-disciplinary industry and its global interest. It discusses the dire need for developing countries to acquire technologies and techniques for programmed cultivation of medicinal plants. It addresses a wide variety of topics including the old philosophies, modern impact of traditional medicines, and methods of assessing the spontaneous flora for industrial utilization. It covers aspects of cultivation and climatic variations, biological assessment and formulation, process technologies, phytochemical research and information sources. The book reviews highly developed traditional medicine in China and India, and covers experiences in Africa and other continents.

Plant Bioactives and Drug Discovery

Plant Bioactives and Drug Discovery
  • Author : Valdir Cechinel-Filho
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-11
  • Total pages :586
  • ISBN : 9781118259924
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Summary : An in-depth exploration of the applications of plant bioactive metabolites in drug research and development Highlighting the complexity and applications of plant bioactive metabolites in organic and medicinal chemistry, Plant Bioactives and Drug Discovery: Principles, Practice, and Perspectives provides an in-depth overview of the ways in which plants can inform drug research and development. An edited volume featuring multidisciplinary international contributions from acclaimed scientists researching bioactive natural products, the book provides an incisive overview of one of the most important topics in pharmaceutical studies today. With coverage of strategic methods of natural compound isolation, structural manipulation, natural products in clinical trials, quality control, and more, and featuring case studies on medicinal plants, the book serves as a definitive guide to the field of plant biodiversity as it relates to medicine. In addition, chapters on using natural products as drugs that target specific disease areas, including neurological disorders, inflammation, infectious diseases, and cancer, illustrate the myriad possibilities for therapeutic applications. Wide ranging and comprehensive, Plant Bioactives and Drug Discovery also includes important information on marketing, regulations, intellectual property rights, and academic-industry collaboration as they relate to plant-based drug research, making it an essential resource for advanced students and academic and industry professionals working in biochemical, pharmaceutical, and related fields.

The Genus Boswellia

The Genus Boswellia
  • Author : Jason Eslamieh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-31
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1944255478
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Summary :

Principles of Organic Chemistry

Principles of Organic Chemistry
  • Author : Robert J. Ouellette,J. David Rawn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-13
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780128026342
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Summary : Class-tested and thoughtfully designed for student engagement, Principles of Organic Chemistry provides the tools and foundations needed by students in a short course or one-semester class on the subject. This book does not dilute the material or rely on rote memorization. Rather, it focuses on the underlying principles in order to make accessible the science that underpins so much of our day-to-day lives, as well as present further study and practice in medical and scientific fields. This book provides context and structure for learning the fundamental principles of organic chemistry, enabling the reader to proceed from simple to complex examples in a systematic and logical way. Utilizing clear and consistently colored figures, Principles of Organic Chemistry begins by exploring the step-by-step processes (or mechanisms) by which reactions occur to create molecular structures. It then describes some of the many ways these reactions make new compounds, examined by functional groups and corresponding common reaction mechanisms. Throughout, this book includes biochemical and pharmaceutical examples with varying degrees of difficulty, with worked answers and without, as well as advanced topics in later chapters for optional coverage. Incorporates valuable and engaging applications of the content to biological and industrial uses Includes a wealth of useful figures and problems to support reader comprehension and study Provides a high quality chapter on stereochemistry as well as advanced topics such as synthetic polymers and spectroscopy for class customization

Carbohydrates: The Essential Molecules of Life

Carbohydrates: The Essential Molecules of Life
  • Author : Robert V. Stick,Spencer Williams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-08-06
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 0080927025
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Summary : This book provides the "nuts and bolts" background for a successful study of carbohydrates - the essential molecules that not only give you energy, but are an integral part of many biological processes. A question often asked is 'Why do carbohydrate chemistry?' The answer is simple: It is fundamental to a study of biology. Carbohydrates are the building blocks of life and enable biological processes to take place. Therefore the book will provide a taste for the subject of glycobiology. Covering the basics of carbohydrates and then the chemistry and reactions of carbohydrates this book will enable a chemist to gain essential knowledge that will enable them to move smoothly into the worlds of biochemistry, molecular biology and cell biology. * includes perspective from new co-author Spencer Williams, who enhances coverage of the connection between carbohydrates and life * describes the basic chemistry and biology of carbohydrates * reviews the concepts, synthesis, reactions, and biology of carbohydrates