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Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water

Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water
  • Author : Erik Sogaard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-11
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9780080932408
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Summary : Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water covers the fundamentals behind a broad spectrum of advanced purification processes for various types of water, showing numerous applications through worked examples. Purification processes for groundwater, soil water, reusable water, and raw water are examined where they are in use full-scale, as a pilot approach, or in the laboratory. This book also describes the production of ceramic particles (nanochemistry) and materials for the creation of filtration systems and catalysts that are involved. Uses chemistry fundamentals to explain the mechanisms behind the various purification processes Explains in detail process equipment and technical applications Describes the production of ceramic particles and other new materials applicable to filtration systems Includes worked examples

Advanced Water Treatment

Advanced Water Treatment
  • Author : Mika Sillanpaa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-08
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780128192269
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Summary : Advanced Water Treatment: Advanced Oxidation Processes reviews the most recent research findings and discusses new photocatalysts (such as TiO2, etc.) and their performance under different conditions. Furthermore, the book includes the use of UV LEDs (with H2O2) for the decomposition of organic pollutants and bacteria in various conditions and water samples. Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have widely been used in water and wastewater treatment. This book highlights their work towards improving energy-efficient and environmentally friendly technology for growing needs in water treatment. Includes most recent research on advanced water treatment using photocatalysis Covers novel photocatalysts for water purification Presents the use of sulphide materials in water purification

Water Purification

Water Purification
  • Author : Alexandru Grumezescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-28
  • Total pages :772
  • ISBN : 9780128043714
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Summary : Water Purification, a volume in the Nanotechnology in the Food Industry series, provides an in-depth review of the current technologies and emerging application of nanotechnology in drinking water purification, also presenting an overview of the common drinking water contaminants, such as heavy metals, organics, microorganisms, pharmaceuticals, and their occurrences in drinking water sources. As the global water crisis has motivated the industry to look for alternative water supplies, nanotechnology presents significant potential for utilizing previously unacceptable water sources. This books explores the practical methodologies for transforming water using nanotechnologies, and is a comprehensive reference to a wide audience of food science research professionals, professors, and students who are doing research in this field. Includes the most up-to-date information on nanotechnology applications and research methods for water purification and treatment Presents applications of nanotechnology and engineered nanomaterials in drinking water purification to improve efficiency and reduce cost Provides water purification research methods that are important to water quality, including precipitation, adsorption, membrane separation, and ion exchange Covers the potential risks of nanotechnology, such as the toxicological effects of engineered nanomaterials in water and how to minimize risks based on research studies

Adsorption Processes for Water Treatment and Purification

Adsorption Processes for Water Treatment and Purification
  • Author : Adrián Bonilla-Petriciolet,Didilia Ileana Mendoza-Castillo,Hilda Elizabeth Reynel-Avila
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-19
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9783319581361
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Summary : This book provides researchers and graduate students with an overview of the latest developments in and applications of adsorption processes for water treatment and purification. In particular, it covers current topics in connection with the modeling and design of adsorption processes, and the synthesis and application of cost-effective adsorbents for the removal of relevant aquatic pollutants. The book describes recent advances and alternatives to improve the performance and efficacy of this water purification technique. In addition, selected chapters are devoted to discussing the reliable modeling and analysis of adsorption data, which are relevant for real-life applications to industrial effluents and groundwater. Overall, the book equips readers with a general perspective of the potential that adsorption processes hold for the removal of emerging water pollutants. It can readily be adopted as part of special courses on environmental engineering, adsorption and water treatment for upper undergraduate and graduate students. Furthermore, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers in water production control, as well as for practitioners interested in applying adsorption processes to real-world problems in water treatment and related areas.

Photochemical Purification of Water and Air

Photochemical Purification of Water and Air
  • Author : Thomas Oppenländer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-02-03
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9783527305636
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Summary : This is the first comprehensive handbook on technologies using U-V light for water and air treatment. This unique reference offers information on the fundamentals and practical applications on these technologies, using real-world examples. Highlights include: Explores economical aspects in a special chapter Includes extensive list of more than 700 references and a glossary of terms according to the IUPAC nomenclature Over 140 detailed figures visualize photochemcal and photophysical phenomena throughout the book Invaluable to Environmental Chemists, Water Chemists and Process Engineers.

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment
  • Author : Mihaela I. Stefan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-15
  • Total pages :710
  • ISBN : 9781780407180
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Summary : Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) rely on the efficient generation of reactive radical species and are increasingly attractive options for water remediation from a wide variety of organic micropollutants of human health and/or environmental concern. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment covers the key advanced oxidation processes developed for chemical contaminant destruction in polluted water sources, some of which have been implemented successfully at water treatment plants around the world. The book is structured in two sections; the first part is dedicated to the most relevant AOPs, whereas the topics covered in the second section include the photochemistry of chemical contaminants in the aquatic environment, advanced water treatment for water reuse, implementation of advanced treatment processes for drinking water production at a state-of-the art water treatment plant in Europe, advanced treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater, and green technologies for water remediation. The advanced oxidation processes discussed in the book cover the following aspects: - Process principles including the most recent scientific findings and interpretation. - Classes of compounds suitable to AOP treatment and examples of reaction mechanisms. - Chemical and photochemical degradation kinetics and modelling. - Water quality impact on process performance and practical considerations on process parameter selection criteria. - Process limitations and byproduct formation and strategies to mitigate any potential adverse effects on the treated water quality. - AOP equipment design and economics considerations. - Research studies and outcomes. - Case studies relevant to process implementation to water treatment. - Commercial applications. - Future research needs. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Water Treatment presents the most recent scientific and technological achievements in process understanding and implementation, and addresses to anyone interested in water remediation, including water industry professionals, consulting engineers, regulators, academics, students. Editor: Mihaela I. Stefan - Trojan Technologies - Canada

Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration

Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration
  • Author : Stephen M. Burkinshaw,Andrew Filarowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-08
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9781118725696
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Summary : The production of textile materials comprises a very large and complex global industry that utilises a diverse range of fibre types and creates a variety of textile products. As the great majority of such products are coloured, predominantly using aqueous dyeing processes, the coloration of textiles is a large-scale global business in which complex procedures are used to apply different types of dye to the various types of textile material. The development of such dyeing processes is the result of substantial research activity, undertaken over many decades, into the physico-chemical aspects of dye adsorption and the establishment of ‘dyeing theory’, which seeks to describe the mechanism by which dyes interact with textile fibres. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration provides a comprehensive treatment of the physical chemistry involved in the dyeing of the major types of natural, man-made and synthetic fibres with the principal types of dye. The book covers: fundamental aspects of the physical and chemical structure of both fibres and dyes, together with the structure and properties of water, in relation to dyeing; dyeing as an area of study as well as the terminology employed in dyeing technology and science; contemporary views of intermolecular forces and the nature of the interactions that can occur between dyes and fibres at a molecular level; fundamental principles involved in dyeing theory, as represented by the thermodynamics and kinetics of dye sorption; detailed accounts of the mechanism of dyeing that applies to cotton (and other cellulosic fibres), polyester, polyamide, wool, polyacrylonitrile and silk fibres; non-aqueous dyeing, as represented by the use of air, organic solvents and supercritical CO2 fluid as alternatives to water as application medium. The up-to-date text is supported by a large number of tables, figures and illustrations as well as footnotes and widespread use of references to published work. The book is essential reading for students, teachers, researchers and professionals involved in textile coloration.

Water Extraction of Bioactive Compounds

Water Extraction of Bioactive Compounds
  • Author : Herminia Dominguez,Maria Jesus Gonzalez Munoz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-20
  • Total pages :530
  • ISBN : 9780128096154
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Summary : Water Extraction of Bioactive Compounds: From Plants to Drug Development draws together the expert knowledge of researchers from around the world to outline the essential knowledge and techniques required to successfully extract bioactive compounds for further study. The book is a practical tool for medicinal chemists, biochemists, pharmaceutical scientists and academics working in the discovery and development of drugs from natural sources. The discovery and extraction of bioactive plant compounds from natural sources is of growing interest to drug developers, adding greater fuel to a simultaneous search for efficient, green technologies to support this. Particularly promising are aqueous based methods, as water is a cheap, safe and abundant solvent. The book is a detailed guide to the fundamental concepts and necessary equipment needed to successfully undertake such processes, supported by application examples and highlighting the most influential variables. Part 1 begins with a thorough introduction to plants as sources of drugs, highlighting strategies for the discovery of novel bioactive constituents of botanicals, the need for standardization and a move toward more rational and greener techniques in the field, the development of plant-based extraction processes and pretreatments for the efficient extraction. Part 2 then reviews a broad range of available techniques, including sections on conventional hot water extraction and pressurized hot water extraction in a range of settings. Intensified processes are then discussed in detail, including sections on microwave-assisted processes, ultrasound-assisted processes and enzyme assisted extraction. Covers the theoretical background and range of techniques available to researchers, helping them to select the most appropriate extraction method for their needs Presents up-to-date and cutting edge applications by international experts Highlights current use and future potential for industrial scale applications Offers a thorough introduction to plants as sources of drugs, highlighting strategies for the discovery of novel bioactive constituents of botanicals

Advances in Water Purification Techniques

Advances in Water Purification Techniques
  • Author : Satinder Ahuja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-29
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9780128147917
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Summary : Advances in Water Purification Techniques: Meeting the Needs of Developed and Developing Countries provides a variety of approaches to water purification that can help assist readers with their research and applications. Water contamination problems occur frequently worldwide, hence the most updated knowledge on water purification systems can be helpful in employing the right type of filter or other mechanism of decontamination. The problems with arsenic contamination of water in Bangladesh and the lead problem in Flint, Michigan remind us of the need to monitor water pollution rigorously, from both point and non-point sources. Provides a valuable resource on how to solve water contamination problems or develop new approaches to water purification Presents advanced methods for monitoring water contamination Describes various approaches to water purification Encourages new developments in water purification techniques Includes methods for assessing and monitoring environmental contaminants Covers recent advancement in molecular techniques

Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification

Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification
  • Author : Shahid Ul-Islam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-10
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781119640455
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Summary : Dyes, pigments and metals are extensively used in food, paper, carpet, rubber, plastics, cosmetics, and textile industries, in order to color and finish products. As a result, they generate a considerable amount of coloured wastewater rich in organic, inorganic, and mineral substances which are continuously polluting the water bodies and affecting human and aquatic life. Besides these industries, urban and agricultural activities also generate effluents high in biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD). In recent years, considerable research work has been done in this area and is underway to eliminate heavy metals particularly mercury (Hg), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), selenium and cadmium (Cd) and synthetic dyes from polluted waters which have high toxicity and carcinogenicity. Currently a number of methods are in operation to decontaminate the polluted waters. Among several purification technologies, use of nanoparticles/composites have gained much attention as efficient purification technology due to its many advantages such as simple synthesis, special chemical and physical properties, unique photocatalytic activity and beneficial antimicrobial properties and high efficiency. The book Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification comprehensively covers and provides new insights on all nanoparticles, composites and advanced methods employed in water purification.

The Environmental Science of Drinking Water

The Environmental Science of Drinking Water
  • Author : Patrick Sullivan,Franklin J. Agardy,James J.J. Clark
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-08-01
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780080457727
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Summary : In today’s chemically dependent society, environmental studies demonstrate that drinking water in developed countries contains numerous industrial chemicals, pesticides, pharmaceuticals and chemicals from water treatment processes. This poses a real threat. As a result of the ever-expanding list of chemical and biochemical products industry, current drinking water standards that serve to preserve our drinking water quality are grossly out of date. Environmental Science of Drinking Water demonstrates why we need to make a fundamental change in our approach toward protecting our drinking water. Factual and circumstantial evidence showing the failure of current drinking water standards to adequately protect human health is presented along with analysis of the extent of pollution in our water resources and drinking water. The authors also present detail of the currently available state-of-the-art technologies which, if fully employed, can move us toward a healthier future. * Addresses the international problems of outdated standards and the overwhelming onslaught of new contaminants. * Includes new monitoring data on non-regulated chemicals in water sources and drinking water. * Includes a summary of different bottled waters as well as consumer water purification technologies.

Nanotechnology for Water Treatment and Purification

Nanotechnology for Water Treatment and Purification
  • Author : Anming Hu,Allen Apblett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-04
  • Total pages :373
  • ISBN : 9783319065786
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Summary : This book describes the latest progress in the application of nanotechnology for water treatment and purification. Leaders in the field present both the fundamental science and a comprehensive overview of the diverse range of tools and technologies that have been developed in this critical area. Expert chapters present the unique physicochemical and surface properties of nanoparticles and the advantages that these provide for engineering applications that ensure a supply of safe drinking water for our growing population. Application areas include generating fresh water from seawater, preventing contamination of the environment and creating effective and efficient methods for remediation of polluted waters. The chapter authors are leading world-wide experts in the field with either academic or industrial experience, ensuring that this comprehensive volume presents the state-of-the-art in the integration of nanotechnology with water treatment and purification.

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science
  • Author : Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohammed Muzibur Rahman,Abdullah M. Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03-18
  • Total pages :453
  • ISBN : 9780128225561
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Summary : Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Solid State Synthetic Methods cover recent advances made in the field of solid-state materials synthesis and its various applications. The book provides a brief introduction to the topic and the fundamental principles governing the various methods. Sustainable techniques and green processes development in solid-state chemistry are also highlighted. This book also provides a comprehensive literature on the industrial application using solid-state materials and solid-state devices. Overall, this book is intended to explore green solid-state techniques, eco-friendly materials involved in organic synthesis and real-time applications. Provides a broad overview of solid-state chemistry Outlines an eco-friendly solid-state synthesis of modern nanomaterials, organometallic, coordination compounds and pure organic Gives a detailed account of solid-state chemistry, fundamentals, concepts, techniques and applications Deliberates cutting-edge recent advances in industrial technologies involved in energy, environmental, medicinal and organic chemistry fields

Water Treatment for Purification from Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxins

Water Treatment for Purification from Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxins
  • Author : Anastasia E. Hiskia,Theodoros M. Triantis,Maria G. Antoniou,Triantafyllos Kaloudis,Dionysios D. Dionysiou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-10
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781118928653
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Summary : Provides a comprehensive overview of key methods for treating water tainted by cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins Toxigenic cyanobacteria are one of the main health risks associated with water resources. Consequently, the analysis, control, and removal of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins from water supplies is a high priority research area. This book presents a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art research on water treatment methods for the removal of cyanobacteria, taste and odor compounds, and cyanotoxins. Starting with an introduction to the subject, Water Treatment for Purification from Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxins offers chapters on cyanotoxins and human health, conventional physical-chemical treatment for the removal of cyanobacteria/cyanotoxins, removal of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins by membrane processes, biological treatment for the destruction of cyanotoxins, and conventional disinfection and/or oxidation processes. Other chapters look at advanced oxidation processes, removal/destruction of taste and odour compounds, transformation products of cyanobacterial metabolites during treatment and integrated drinking water processes. Provides a comprehensive overview of key methods for treating water tainted by cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins Bridges the gap between basic knowledge of cyanobacteria/cyanotoxins and practical management guidelines Includes integrated processes case studies and real-life examples Developed within the frame of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST)–funded CYANOCOST A must-have resource for every water treatment plant, Water Treatment for Purification from Cyanobacteria and Cyanotoxins is a valuable resource for all researchers in water chemistry and engineering, environmental chemistry as well as water companies and authorities, water resource engineers and managers, environmental and public health protection organizations.

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment

Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment
  • Author : Suresh C Ameta,Rakshit Ameta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-19
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 9780128105252
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Summary : Advanced Oxidation Processes for Waste Water Treatment: Emerging Green Chemical Technology is a complete resource covering the fundamentals and applications of all Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs). This book presents the most up-to-date research on AOPs and makes the argument that AOPs offer an eco-friendly method of wastewater treatment. In addition to an overview of the fundamentals and applications, it details the reactive species involved, along with sections on reactor designs, thus helping readers understand and implement these methods. Presents in-depth coverage of all types of Advanced Oxidation Processes, including Super Critical Water Oxidation, Photo-Fenton and Like Processes Includes a fundamental review, applications, reactive species and reactor designs Reviews applications across waste types, including industrial waste, domestic and municipal sewage, and hospital wastes

Advanced Environmental Analysis

Advanced Environmental Analysis
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Boris Kharisov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-08
  • Total pages :534
  • ISBN : 9781782623625
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Summary : Environmental analysis techniques have advanced due to the use of nanotechnologies in improving the detection sensitivity and miniaturization of the devices in analytical procedures. These allow for developments such as increases in analyte concentration, the removal of interfering species and improvements in the detection limits. Bridging a gap in the literature, this book uniquely brings together state-of-the-art research in the applications of novel nanomaterials to each of the classical components of environmental analysis, namely sample preparation and extraction, separation and identification by spectroscopic techniques. Special attention is paid to those approaches that are considered greener and reduce the cost of the analysis process both in terms of chemicals and time consumption. Advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers at the forefront of environmental science and engineering will find this book a good source of information. It will also help regulators, decision makers, surveillance agencies and the organizations assessing the impact of pollutants on the environment.

Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment and Engineering

Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment and Engineering
  • Author : Rumana Riffat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-17
  • Total pages :359
  • ISBN : 9780203815717
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Summary : As the worlds population has increased, sources of clean water have decreased, shifting the focus toward pollution reduction and control. Disposal of wastes and wastewater without treatment is no longer an option. Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment and Engineering introduces readers to the essential concepts of wastewater treatment, as well as t

Drinking Water and Health, Volume 7

Drinking Water and Health, Volume 7
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Safe Drinking Water Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987-02-01
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9780309037419
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Summary : Chlorination in various forms has been the predominant method of drinking water disinfection in the United States for more than 70 years. The seventh volume of the Drinking Water and Health series addresses current methods of drinking water disinfection and compares standard chlorination techniques with alternative methods. Currently used techniques are discussed in terms of their chemical activity, and their efficacy against waterborne pathogens, including bacteria, cysts, and viruses, is compared. Charts, tables, graphs, and case studies are used to analyze the effectiveness of chlorination, chloramination, and ozonation as disinfectant processes and to compare these methods for their production of toxic by-products. Epidemiological case studies on the toxicological effects of chemical by-products in drinking water are also presented.

Chemistry and Water

Chemistry and Water
  • Author : Satinder Ahuja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-23
  • Total pages :668
  • ISBN : 9780128096055
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Summary : After air, water is the most crucial resource for human survival. To achieve water sustainability, we will have to deal with its scarcity and quality, and find ways to reclaim it from various sources. Chemistry and Water: The Science Behind Sustaining the World's Most Crucial Resource applies contemporary and sophisticated separation science and chromatographic methods to address the pressing worldwide concerns of potable water for drinking and safe water for irrigation to raise food for communities around the world. Edited and authored by world-leading analytical chemists, the book presents the latest research and solutions on topics including water quality and pollution, water treatment technologies and practices, watershed management, water quality and food production, challenges to achieving sustainable water supplies, water reclamation techniques, and wastewater reuse. Explores the role water plays to assure our survival and maintain life Provides valuable information from world leaders in chemistry and water research Addresses water challenges and solutions globally to ensure sustainability

Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Treatment
  • Author : D. G. Rao,R. Senthilkumar,J. Anthony Byrne,S. Feroz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-05
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9781439860458
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Summary : Due to the heterogeneous nature of water streams from diverse domestic and industrial sources, and the equally diverse nature of pollutants that can be physical, chemical, and biological in nature, their treatment methods also must be varied in nature. Responding to this complex situation, Wastewater Treatment: Advanced Processes and Technologies p

Applications of Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) in Drinking Water Treatment

Applications of Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) in Drinking Water Treatment
  • Author : Antonio Gil,Luis Alejandro Galeano,Miguel Ángel Vicente
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-03
  • Total pages :429
  • ISBN : 9783319768823
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Summary : This volume reviews the drinking water treatments in which AOPs display a high application potential. Firstly it reveals the typical supply sources and limitations of conventional technologies and critically reviews natural organic matter characterization and removal techniques, focusing mainly on AOP treatments. It then explores using AOPs for simultaneous inactivation/disinfection of several types of microorganisms, including highly resistant Cryptosporidium protozoa. Lastly, it discusses relevant miscellaneous topics, like the most promising AOP solid catalysts, the regime change of Fenton-like processes toward continuous reactors, the application of chemometrics for process optimization, the impact on disinfection byproducts and the tracing of toxicity during AOP treatments. This work is a useful reference for researchers and students involved in water technologies, including analytical and environmental chemistry, chemical and environmental engineering, toxicology, biotechnology, and related fields. It is intended to encourage industrial and public-health scientists and decision-makers to accelerate the application of AOPs as technological alternatives for the improvement of drinking water treatment plants.