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Chitin

Chitin
  • Author : Neal S. Gupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-30
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9048196841
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Summary : There are several books on properties of chitin and associated biomolecules and their biochemical significance. However, the present volume deals with a wide variety of biogeochemical and organic geochemical aspects of this vital macromolecule written by leading authors and experts in the field. Each chapter is carefully peer reviewed and is an updated account of recent research in isotopic, nanostructural, biochemical, microstructural, geochemical, paleontological and experimental aspects of chitin formation, distribution and preservation in the environment and earth history.

Chitin and Benzoylphenyl Ureas

Chitin and Benzoylphenyl Ureas
  • Author : James E. Wright,Arthur Retnakaran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987-02-28
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9061936128
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Summary : The opportunity to explore a developing new technology in a single biological system, chitin, from the molecular basis and with the inter relationship of the utilization of benzoylphenyl ureas in effective pest agroecosystem management strategies, represents a new evolution for integration of knowledge in this highly complex area. The degree of great progress and interest in the understanding of the interaction of chitin uItrastructures, biochemistry, and the unique ben zoylphenyl ureas attest to the timeliness of this effort. The purpose of the book that follows is to provide up-to-date and well illustrated details of current research knowledge including the latest of research results. The combination of the basic to the applied aspects rarely occurs specifically at the levels presented by the international contributors within. The original contributions composed the symposium "Chitin and Ben zoylphenyl Urea" organized by the co-editors at the International Con gress of Entomology in Hamberg, Germany, August 1984. We extend our appreciation to everyone who made the conference an outstanding success and highlight of the Congress, as well as making this book possible. We thank the authors, especially for their excellent international presenta tions, discussions, and preparation of the manuscripts. The knowledge evolved from many areas in chitin research, as well as the intricate com plexity of successful utilization of specific knowledge involving benzoylp henyl ureas in system management strategies for insects will continue to be in the forefront throughout the world's agroecosystems; and hopefully this book will enhance further research and development.

Chitin

Chitin
  • Author : Eugene Khor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-12
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : 9780080999401
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Summary : The second edition of Chitin underscores the important factors for standardizing chitin processing and characterization. It captures the essential interplay between chitin's assets and limitations as a biomaterial, placing the past promises of chitin in perspective, addressing its present realities and offering insight into what is required to realize chitin's destiny (including its derivative, chitosan) as a biomaterial of the twenty-first century. This book is an ideal guide for both industrialists and researchers with a vested interest in commercializing chitin. An update on the research since 2001 as it pertains to the biomaterials and biomedical applications of chitin and chitosan An expanded discussion on positioning chitin and chitosan for biomedical applications Presents regulatory aspects of chitin and chitosan

Chitin

Chitin
  • Author : Riccardo A. A. Muzzarelli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9781483159461
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Summary : Chitin presents fundamental information on chitin. The enzymatic processes controlling the synthesis and the breakdown of chitin are discussed, along with its role in the fundamental mechanism of growth, differentiation, nutrition, and movement of a large number of species. This text consists of seven chapters and begins with an overview of chitin research and the rapidly increasing interest in chitin chemistry and applications. The discussion then moves to the enzymatic synthesis of chitin and chitosan and inhibition of chitin biosynthesis, along with the physicochemical characteristics of chitin and chitosan. The chapters that follow focus on chitin chemistry, chitinases and related enzymes, applications of chitin in chromatography, and industrial production and applications of chitin. The final chapter is devoted to medical applications of chitin and its oligomers, from being artificial kidney membranes and antigens against parasites to blood anticoagulants, biodegradable pharmaceutical carriers, wound healing accelerators, and microbiological media. This book will be of interest to biochemists, physicists, industrialists, botanists, entomologists, physiologists, and other scientists in a variety of disciplines, as well as graduate students wishing to undertake research about chitin.

Chitin Chemistry

Chitin Chemistry
  • Author : George A. F. Roberts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-11-11
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9781349115457
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Summary : The book presents a comprehensive and critical account of the chemistry of chitin and chitosan. The first three chapters cover chemical structure and morphology, including that of chitin-protein complexes of native chitin, the isolation of chitin and the preparation of chitosan, and methods of analysis for both polymers. The fourth and largest chapter deals with their derivatisation whilst further aspects of their chemistry such as acid-base properties, metal ion adsorption, degradation, solubility, solution behaviour and gelation, are dealt with in the final two chapters.

Targeting Chitin-containing Organisms

Targeting Chitin-containing Organisms
  • Author : Qing Yang,Tamo Fukamizo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-17
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9789811373183
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive overview of chitin biology and chitin metabolism related enzymes. Chitin, the second most abundant biopolymer in nature after to cellulose, is a linear biopolymer composed of β-1,4-linked N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc), and an essential component in the exoskeletons of insects, mites, ticks and crustaceans, the egg shells of parasitic nematodes, and fungal cell walls. Although some chitin-containing organisms are a threat to human health, food safety and agricultural production, non-chitin containing organisms like humans, mammals and plants have an innate immune response to these hazardous organisms. The book provides researchers and students with information on the recent research advances concerning the biology of chitin-containing organisms as well as cross-talks between chitin-containing and non-chitin-containing organisms. Highlighting chitin remodeling enzymes and inhibitors, it also offers drug developers essential insights into designing specific molecules for the control of hazardous chitin-containing organisms.

Marine Chitin 2019

Marine Chitin 2019
  • Author : Hitoshi Sashiwa,Hironori Izawa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-27
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9783039360727
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Summary : In 2019, we sent out a call for submissions to a Special Issue of Marine Drugs entitled “Marine Chitin 2019”, and we are pleased that this issue has now been published. Over 16 high-impact papers were included in this issue, which we now plan to publish as a book. In addition, we now seek to publish a further Special Issue of Marine Drugs, “Marine Chitin 2020–2021”. As before, we plan to produce an authoritative and exciting issue that will encompass breakthroughs in scientific and industrial chitin and chitosan research. Significant advances in chitin and chitosan research have been made since the 1970s, and current overviews in recent publications involving chitin and chitosan research advances are in need of an update.

Chitin, Chitosan, and Related Enzymes

Chitin, Chitosan, and Related Enzymes
  • Author : John Zikakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9780323149976
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Summary : Chitin, Chitosan, and Related Enzymes documents the proceedings of a four-day joint United States-Japan seminar held at the University of Delaware. The said seminar is aimed to explore the potential of the application of chitin, chitosan, and related products in different scientific fields. The book is divided into six parts. Part I covers the application of chitin and chitosan to pharmaceutical preparations. Part II discusses the applications of chitin and its derivatives. Part III features chitin and chitosan in relation to enzymology and genetic engineering. Respectively covered in Parts IV, V, and VI are the chemical and physical structure of chitin and chitosan; biochemical and physiological properties of chitin and its derivatives; the effects of phosphate on chitin production; and the development of chitin as a suture as well as for orthopedic uses. The text is recommended for biochemists who would like to know more or make further studies about the different applications of chitin, chitosan, and related enzymes.

Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives

Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives
  • Author : Se-Kwon Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-14
  • Total pages :666
  • ISBN : 9781439816042
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Summary : Biopolymers found in marine animals and plants offer tremendous, largely untapped pharmaceutical potential. Research shows that these biopolymers can be used to combat various infectious as well as inflammatory, oxidative, and carcinogenic factors. Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives: Biological Activities and Applications cove

Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives

Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives
  • Author : Se-Kwon Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-04
  • Total pages :527
  • ISBN : 9781466566323
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Summary : A natural long-chain polymer, chitin is the main component of the cell walls of fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods (including crustaceans and insects), the radulas of mollusks, and the beaks and internal shells of cephalopods. However, marine crustacean shells are the primary sources of the chitin derivative chitosan. Chitin and chitosan are useful for various biological and biomedical applications, although they have been limited by poor solubility in the past. Current research focuses on increasing their solubility and bioactivity through molecular modifications. The resulting derivatives are receiving much attention for interesting properties, such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and nontoxicity, that make them suitable for use in the biomedical field. Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives: Advances in Drug Discovery and Developments presents current research trends in the synthesis of chitin and chitosan derivatives, their biological activities, and their biomedical applications. Part I discusses basic information about the synthesis and characterization of a variety of derivatives, including the preparation of chitin nanofibers. Part II covers chitin and chitosan modifications as the basis for biological applications. It describes antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antiviral, anticoagulant, and antimicrobial activities. Part III addresses chemically modified and composite materials of chitin and chitosan derivatives for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering, nanomedicine, drug delivery, and wound dressing. A must-have reference for novices and experts in biotechnology, natural products, materials science, nutraceuticals, and biomedical engineering, this book presents a wide range of biological and biomedical applications of chitin and chitosan derivatives for drug discovery and development.

Chitin Nanofibers, Preparations and Applications

Chitin Nanofibers, Preparations and Applications
  • Author : Shinsuke Ifuku
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1154160215
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Summary : Chitin Nanofibers, Preparations and Applications.

Biopolymers from Renewable Resources

Biopolymers from Renewable Resources
  • Author : David Kaplan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-07-07
  • Total pages :417
  • ISBN : 354063567X
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Summary : Renewable resources which can be used for very different kind of purposes such as packaging material (e.g. yoghurt cups) or as fuel are in everybody's mind again. One reason, of course, is the possibility to "grow" these materials and therefore save our oil resources. The second is the biodegradability of these materials and thus the diminishing of our waste.

Food Polysaccharides and Their Applications

Food Polysaccharides and Their Applications
  • Author : Alistair M. Stephen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-06-05
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 0824793536
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Summary : This work discusses the sources, identification, analysis, biosynthesis and practical applications of all polysaccharides important to the food industry, focusing on the complex interrelationships between the chemical structure and physical behavior of food polysaccharides. It covers individual polysaccharides in order of increasing molecular complexity.

Biotechnology Annual Review

Biotechnology Annual Review
  • Author : M.R. El-Gewely
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-06-14
  • Total pages :509
  • ISBN : 9780080877334
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Summary : The Biotechnology Annual Review series aims at covering developments in the field of biotechnology in the form of comprehensive, illustrated and well-referenced reviews. Recent expansion in this field, both industrial and educational, along with the increase in the number of new journals reporting new results, has greatly increased the need for exactly this type of series, continuously providing reviews. Every volume, published yearly, will cover a different aspect of biotechnology. The "Editorial Board" of Biotechnology Annual Review encourages suggestions and contributions of articles from industry or from academic institutions that would constitute a comprehensive covering of a relevant topic in biotechnology. Proposals for contributions and/or suggestions for topics for future volumes in this series should be sent to the Editor: Professor M.R. El-Gewely Department of biotechnology University of Tromsø IMB, MH-Bygget N-9037 Tromsø Norway Tel: (+47) 77 644654 Fax: (+47) 77 645350

Insect Development

Insect Development
  • Author : Lawrence I. Gilbert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-13
  • Total pages :730
  • ISBN : 0123751373
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Summary : The publication of the extensive 7-volume work Comprehensive Molecular Insect Science has provided library customers and their end-users with a complete reference encompassing important developments and achievements in modern insect science including reviews on the ecdysone receptor, lipocalins, and bacterial toxins. This derivative from the major reference work, Insect Development: Metamorphosis, Molting and Morphogenesis, presents a new opportunity for the end user who desires to purchase a comprehensive yet affordable work on these important aspects of insect development. Timeless articles by a host of respected contributors in the field cover such topics as embryonic development, hormonal control of form and function of the nervous system, programmed cell death, organization of the endocrine system, and much more. Articles specially selected by the known and respected editor-in-chief of the original major reference work Classic reviews offer essential coverage of development as it relates to metamorphosis, molting and morphogenesis Introduction by the editor puts the selected body of work in context, highlighting the need for entomologists, developmental biologists and related researchers to have these valuable reviews in their personal collection

The Crustacean Integument

The Crustacean Integument
  • Author : Michael N. Horst,John A. Freeman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993-06-09
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 0849349869
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Summary : The Crustacean Integument summarizes the current state of the knowledge regarding the structure, organization, and function of the crustacean integument. Methods for analysis are covered and include discussions on techniques such as immunocytochemistry, immunoelectron microscopy, SDS-PAGE, Western blot analysis, scanning, and transmission electron microscopy. The book considers embryologic and physiologic features of the crustacean integument, including cellular proliferation during larval development and calcification. Structural components are examined, including the structure and synthesis of crustacean chitin and cuticular proteins and their homologies within arthropods. Specialized features of the integument such as pore canals and tegumental glands and the morphology of the pre-, post-, and intermolt cuticle are covered. Micrographs and diagrams help illustrate key concepts in the text. The Crustacean Integument will benefit crustacean biologists working in cell biology, biochemistry, genetics, physiology, systematics, development, and toxicology.

Biopolymer Nanocomposites

Biopolymer Nanocomposites
  • Author : Alain Dufresne,Sabu Thomas,Laly A. Pothan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-18
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9781118609903
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Summary : Sets forth the techniques needed to create a vast array of useful biopolymer nanocomposites Interest in biopolymer nanocomposites is soaring. Not only are they green and sustainable materials, they can also be used to develop a broad range of useful products with special properties, from therapeutics to coatings to packaging materials. With contributions from an international team of leading nanoscientists and materials researchers, this book draws together and reviews the most recent developments and techniques in biopolymer nano-composites. It describes the preparation, processing, properties, and applications of bio- polymer nanocomposites developed from chitin, starch, and cellulose, three renewable resources. Biopolymer Nanocomposites features a logical organization and approach that make it easy for readers to take full advantage of the latest science and technology in designing these materials and developing new products and applications. It begins with a chapter reviewing our current understanding of bionanocomposites. Next, the book covers such topics as: Morphological and thermal investigations of chitin-based nanocomposites Applications of starch nanoparticle and starch-based bionanocomposites Spectroscopic characterization of renewable nanoparticles and their composites Nanocellulosic products and their applications Protein-based nanocomposites for food packaging Throughout the book, detailed case studies of industrial applications underscore the unique challenges and opportunities in developing and working with biopolymer nanocomposites. There are also plenty of figures to help readers fully grasp key concepts and techniques. Exploring the full range of applications, Biopolymer Nanocomposites is recommended for researchers in a broad range of industries and disciplines, including biomedical engineering, materials science, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, and polymer science. All readers will learn how to create green, sustainable products and applications using these tremendously versatile materials.

Food Hydrocolloids

Food Hydrocolloids
  • Author : Katsuyoshi Nishinari,Etsushiro Doi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :510
  • ISBN : 0306445948
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Summary : It is now well recognised that the texture of foods is an important factor when consumers select particular foods. Food hydrocolloids have been widely used for controlling in various food products their viscoelasticity, emulsification, gelation, dispersion, thickening and many other functions. An international journal, FOOD HYDROCOLLOIDS, launched in 1986 has published a number of stimulating papers, and established an active forum for promoting the interaction between academics and industrialists and for combining basic scientific research with industrial development. Although there have been various research groups in many food processing areas in Japan, such as fish paste (kamaboko, surimi), soybean curd (tofu), agar jelly dessert, kuzu starch jelly, kimizu (Japanese style mayonnaise), their activities have been conducted in isolation of one another. The interaction between the various research groups operating in the various sectors has been weak. Symposia on food hydrocolloids have been organised on several occasions in Japan since 1985. Professor Glyn O. Phillips, the Chief Executive Editor of FOOD HYDROCOLLOIDS, suggested to us that we should organise an international conference on food hydrocolloids. We discussed it on many occasions, and eventually decided to organise such a meeting, and extended the scope to include recent development in proteinaceous hydrocolloids, and their nutritional aspects, in addition to polysaccharides and emulsions.

General Microbiology

General Microbiology
  • Author : Hans G. Schlegel,C. Zaborosch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993-07-08
  • Total pages :655
  • ISBN : 0521439809
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Summary : Various advances in microbiology--including new species, phylogenetic relationships and novel metabolic pathways as well as a greater emphasis on environmental and ecological matters--have been incorporated in this revised and expanded edition.

Environmental Effects of Marine Finfish Aquaculture

Environmental Effects of Marine Finfish Aquaculture
  • Author : Robin Anderson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-08-24
  • Total pages :467
  • ISBN : 354025269X
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Summary : Environmental risks associated with large-scale marine finfish cage aquaculture cast doubt on the sustainability of the industry. This book divides the topic into its broad parts: Eutrophication; Sedimentation and Benthic Impacts; Changes in Trophic Structure and Function; and Managing Environmental Risks, and goes further to analyze methods and models currently used to measure near and far-field environmental effects of finfish mariculture and and their implications for management.

Polysaccharide-Based Nanocrystals

Polysaccharide-Based Nanocrystals
  • Author : Jin Huang,Peter R. Chang,Ning Lin,Alain Dufresne
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-03
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9783527689385
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Summary : Polysaccharide nanocrystals, an emerging green nanoingredient (nanomaterial) with high crystallinity obtained by acid hydrolysis of biomass-based polysaccharides, are of scientific and economic significance owing to their abundance, biodegradation potential, and fascinating functional performance. This versatile class of materials can be used in nanocomposites such as rubber or polyester, and in functional materials such as drug carriers, bio-inspired mechanically adaptive materials or membranes, to name but a few. This book encompasses the extraction, structure, properties, surface modification, theory, and mechanism of diverse functional systems derived from polysaccharide nanocrystals. This highly sought-after trendy book is currently the only monograph devoted to the most current knowledge pertaining to this exciting subject area. It is ideal for researchers and stakeholders who wish to broaden and deepen their knowledge in the fast-moving and rapidly expanding R&D field of polymeric materials.