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Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation

Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation
  • Author : Conxi Lázaro,Jordan Lerner-Ellis,Amanda Spurdle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-01
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 0128205202
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Summary : We live in a very exciting time in the field of human genetics; NGS technology is generating enormous amounts of data for classifying genetic variants. However, defining the role of these variants in human health and disease can be difficult, especially when a variant’s mechanism of action or the phenotype associated with a genetic mutation are not well defined. Work in multidisciplinary teams and development of multifactorial algorithms, including artificial intelligence and machine learning approaches, are integral to streamlining variant classification. Clinical DNA Variant Interpretation: Theory and Practice, a new volume in the Translational and Applied Genomics series, brings more than thirty international experts together to compile variant interpretation best practices and approaches in a single volume, covering foundational aspects, modes of analysis, technology, disease and disorder specific case studies, and clinical integration. This book provides a deep theoretical background, as well as applied case studies and methodology, enabling researchers, clinicians, and healthcare providers to effectively classify DNA variants associated with disease and patient phenotypes. Practical chapters discuss genomic variant interpretation, terminology and nomenclature; international consensus guidelines; population allele frequency; functional evidence transcripts for RNA, proteins, and enzymes; somatic mutations and somatic profiling; CNV interpretation; quantitative modeling; machine learning approaches; genomic data sharing; genetic testing in clinical practice; and holistic case-level interpretation. Biomedical specialties of relevance include internal medicine, medical genetics, oncology, psychiatry, neurology, and immunology, and those driving implementation of precision medicine and personalized treatments. Compiles best practices, methods, and sound evidence for DNA variant classification in one, applied volume Features chapter contributions from international leaders in the field Includes practical examples of variant classification for common and rare disorders and across clinical phenotypes

Clinical Genomics

Clinical Genomics
  • Author : Shashikant Kulkarni,John Pfeifer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-10
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 0124051731
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Summary : Clinical Genomics provides an overview of the various next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies that are currently used in clinical diagnostic laboratories. It presents key bioinformatic challenges and the solutions that must be addressed by clinical genomicists and genomic pathologists, such as specific pipelines for identification of the full range of variants that are clinically important. This book is also focused on the challenges of diagnostic interpretation of NGS results in a clinical setting. Its final sections are devoted to the emerging regulatory issues that will govern clinical use of NGS, and reimbursement paradigms that will affect the way in which laboratory professionals get paid for the testing. Simplifies complexities of NGS technologies for rapid education of clinical genomicists and genomic pathologists towards genomic medicine paradigm Tried and tested practice-based analysis for precision diagnosis and treatment plans Specific pipelines and meta-analysis for full range of clinically important variants

Medical and Health Genomics

Medical and Health Genomics
  • Author : Dhavendra Kumar,Stylianos Antonarakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-04
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 0127999221
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Summary : Medical and Health Genomics provides concise and evidence-based technical and practical information on the applied and translational aspects of genome sciences and the technologies related to non-clinical medicine and public health. Coverage is based on evolving paradigms of genomic medicine—in particular, the relation to public and population health genomics now being rapidly incorporated in health management and administration, with further implications for clinical population and disease management. Provides extensive coverage of the emergent field of health genomics and its huge relevance to healthcare management Presents user-friendly language accompanied by explanatory diagrams, figures, and many references for further study Covers the applied, but non-clinical, sciences across disease discovery, genetic analysis, genetic screening, and prevention and management Details the impact of clinical genomics across a diverse array of public and community health issues, and within a variety of global healthcare systems

Clinical Immunology E-Book

Clinical Immunology E-Book
  • Author : Robert R. Rich,Thomas A. Fleisher,William T. Shearer,Harry W. Schroeder Jr.,Anthony J. Frew,Cornelia M. Weyand
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-13
  • Total pages :1323
  • ISBN : 0702070394
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Summary : Keep abreast of the latest advances in this complex field with the 5th Edition of Clinical Immunology: Principles and Practice. This substantially revised edition by Drs. Robert R. Rich, Thomas A. Fleisher, William T. Shearer, Harry W. Schroeder, Jr., Anthony J. Frew, and Cornelia M. Weyand, offers authoritative guidance from some of the most respected global leaders in immunology, helping you navigate today’s latest knowledge and evidence-based practices that result in improved patient care. This trusted resource features sweeping content updates, rewritten chapters, a highly clinical perspective, and an easy-to-use organization designed to enhance your diagnosis and management skills in daily practice. Includes new chapters on the Microbiota in Immunity and Inflammation, Immune Responses to Fungi, and Genetics and Genomics of Immune Response. Features extensive revisions to many chapters, including the Major Histocompatibility Complex, Multiple Sclerosis, Diabetes and Related Autoimmune Diseases, Biologic Modifiers of Inflammation and Tumor Immunotherapy. Covers hot topics such as the role of genetics and genomics in immune response and immunologic disease, atherosclerosis, recurrent fever syndromes, aging and deficiencies of innate immunity, the role of microbiota in normal immune system development and the pathogenesis of immunologic and inflammatory diseases, and novel therapeutics. Addresses notable advances in key areas such as the importance of the microbiota to normal immune system development and to the pathogenesis of immunologic and inflammatory diseases; relationships between the innate and adaptive immune systems; progress in rapid and cost-effective genomics; cell signaling pathways and the structure of cell-surface molecules; and many more. Summarizes promising research and development anticipated over the next 5-10 years with "On the Horizon" boxes and discussion of translational research.

Advances in Molecular Pathology, E-Book 2019

Advances in Molecular Pathology, E-Book 2019
  • Author : Gregory J. Tsongalis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-06
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0323709516
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Summary : This issue of Advances in Molecular Pathology will provide a comprehensive review of the most current practices, trends, and developments in the field of Molecular Pathology. Publishing on an annual basis, the volume will be divided into 7 sections: Genetics, Hematopathology, Infectious Disease, Pharmacogenomics, Informatics, Solid tumors, and Identity/HLA. Led by Dr. Gregory Tsongalis of Dartmouth University, a team of experienced pathologists from institutions across the country oversee annual topic and expert author selection.

Precision Medicine in Practice: Molecular Diagnosis Enabling Precision Therapies, An Issue of the Clinics in Laboratory Medicine, EBook

Precision Medicine in Practice: Molecular Diagnosis Enabling Precision Therapies, An Issue of the Clinics in Laboratory Medicine, EBook
  • Author : Ryan J. Schmidt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-21
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 0323758460
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Summary : This issue of Clinics in Laboratory Medicine will cover Precision Medicine in Practice: Molecular Diagnosis Enabling Precision Therapies. Curated by Dr. Ryan J. Schmidt, this issue is one of four selected each year by the series Consulting Editor, Milenko Tanasijevic. The volume will include articles on: Features of a Comprehensive Precision Medicine Program for Constitutional Genetic Disorders, Establishing a Precision Medicine Center of Excellence for Rare Disease, High-throughput DNA Sequencing for Rare Disease Diagnosis, Enhancing Diagnosis through RNA Sequencing, Interpretation of Rare Genetic Variants, Clinical Bioinformatics, Precision Therapies for Retinal Dystrophy, Precision Therapies for Muscular Dystrophy, Therapeutic Gene Editing, High Throughput Functional Studies of Genetic Variants, and Patient-specific Disease Models.

'Essentials of Cancer Genomic, Computational Approaches and Precision Medicine

'Essentials of Cancer Genomic, Computational Approaches and Precision Medicine
  • Author : Nosheen Masood,Saima Shakil Malik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-20
  • Total pages :499
  • ISBN : 9811510679
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Summary : This book concisely describes the role of omics in precision medicine for cancer therapies. It outlines our current understanding of cancer genomics, shares insights into the process of oncogenesis, and discusses emerging technologies and clinical applications of cancer genomics in prognosis and precision-medicine treatment strategies. It then elaborates on recent advances concerning transcriptomics and translational genomics in cancer diagnosis, clinical applications, and personalized medicine in oncology. Importantly, it also explains the importance of high-performance analytics, predictive modeling, and system biology in cancer research. Lastly, the book discusses current and potential future applications of pharmacogenomics in clinical cancer therapy and cancer drug development.

Molecular Diagnostics

Molecular Diagnostics
  • Author : George P. Patrinos,Wilhelm Ansorge,Phillip B. Danielson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-27
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 0128029889
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Summary : Molecular Diagnostics, Third Edition, focuses on the technologies and applications that professionals need to work in, develop, and manage a clinical diagnostic laboratory. Each chapter contains an expert introduction to each subject that is next to technical details and many applications for molecular genetic testing that can be found in comprehensive reference lists at the end of each chapter. Contents are divided into three parts, technologies, application of those technologies, and related issues. The first part is dedicated to the battery of the most widely used molecular pathology techniques. New chapters have been added, including the various new technologies involved in next-generation sequencing (mutation detection, gene expression, etc.), mass spectrometry, and protein-specific methodologies. All revised chapters have been completely updated, to include not only technology innovations, but also novel diagnostic applications. As with previous editions, each of the chapters in this section includes a brief description of the technique followed by examples from the area of expertise from the selected contributor. The second part of the book attempts to integrate previously analyzed technologies into the different aspects of molecular diagnostics, such as identification of genetically modified organisms, stem cells, pharmacogenomics, modern forensic science, molecular microbiology, and genetic diagnosis. Part three focuses on various everyday issues in a diagnostic laboratory, from genetic counseling and related ethical and psychological issues, to safety and quality management. Presents a comprehensive account of all new technologies and applications used in clinical diagnostic laboratories Explores a wide range of molecular-based tests that are available to assess DNA variation and changes in gene expression Offers clear translational presentations by the top molecular pathologists, clinical chemists, and molecular geneticists in the field

Next Generation Sequencing

Next Generation Sequencing
  • Author : Lee-Jun C. Wong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-31
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 1461470013
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Summary : In recent years, owing to the fast development of a variety of sequencing technologies in the post human genome project era, sequencing analysis of a group of target genes, entire protein coding regions of the human genome, and the whole human genome has become a reality. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) or Massively Parallel Sequencing (MPS) technologies offers a way to screen for mutations in many different genes in a cost and time efficient manner by deep coverage of the target sequences. This novel technology has now been applied to clinical diagnosis of Mendelian disorders of well characterized or undefined diseases, discovery of new disease genes, noninvasive prenatal diagnosis using maternal blood, and population based carrier testing of severe autosomal recessive disorders. This book covers topics of these applications, including potential limitations and expanded application in the future. ​

Clinical Applications for Next-Generation Sequencing

Clinical Applications for Next-Generation Sequencing
  • Author : Urszula Demkow,Rafal Ploski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-10
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 0128018410
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Summary : Clinical Applications for Next Generation Sequencing provides readers with an outstanding postgraduate resource to learn about the translational use of NGS in clinical environments. Rooted in both medical genetics and clinical medicine, the book fills the gap between state-of-the-art technology and evidence-based practice, providing an educational opportunity for users to advance patient care by transferring NGS to the needs of real-world patients. The book builds an interface between genetic laboratory staff and clinical health workers to not only improve communication, but also strengthen cooperation. Users will find valuable tactics they can use to build a systematic framework for understanding the role of NGS testing in both common and rare diseases and conditions, from prenatal care, like chromosomal abnormalities, up to advanced age problems like dementia. Fills the gap between state-of-the-art technology and evidence-based practice Provides an educational opportunity which advances patient care through the transfer of NGS to real-world patient assessment Promotes a practical tool that clinicians can apply directly to patient care Includes a systematic framework for understanding the role of NGS testing in many common and rare diseases Presents evidence regarding the important role of NGS in current diagnostic strategies

Clinical Precision Medicine

Clinical Precision Medicine
  • Author : Judy S. Crabtree
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-15
  • Total pages :112
  • ISBN : 0128204028
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Summary : Clinical Precision Medicine: A Primer offers clinicians, researchers and students a practical, up-to-date resource on precision medicine, its evolving technologies, and pathways towards clinical implementation. Early chapters address the fundamentals of molecular biology and gene regulation as they relate to precision medicine, as well as the foundations of heredity and epigenetics. Oncology, an early adopter of precision approaches, is considered with its relationship to genetic variation in drug metabolism, along with tumor immunology and the impact of DNA variation in clinical care. Contributions by Stephanie Kramer, a Clinical Genetic Counselor, also provide current information on prenatal diagnostics and adult genetics that highlight the critical role of genetic counselors in the era of precision medicine. Includes applied discussions of chromosomes and chromosomal abnormalities, molecular genetics, epigenetic regulation, heredity, clinical genetics, pharmacogenomics and immunogenomics Features chapter contributions from leaders in the field Consolidates fundamental concepts and current practices of precision medicine in one convenient resource

Cancer Genomics for the Clinician

Cancer Genomics for the Clinician
  • Author : Ramaswamy Govindan, MD,Ashiq Masood, MD
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-28
  • Total pages :184
  • ISBN : 082616868X
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Summary : Cancer Genomics for the Clinician is a practical guide to cancer genomics and its application to cancer diagnosis and care. The book begins with a brief overview of the various types of genetic alterations that are encountered in cancer, followed by accessible and applicable information on next generation sequencing technology and bioinformatics; tumor heterogeneity; whole genome, exome, and transcriptome sequencing; epigenomics; and data analysis and interpretation. Each chapter provides essential explanations of concepts, terminology, and methods. Also included are tips for interpreting and analyzing molecular data, as well as a discussion of molecular predictors for targeted therapies covering hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. The final chapter explains the use of FDA-approved genomic-based targeted therapies for breast cancer, lung cancer, sarcomas, gastrointestinal cancers, urologic cancers, head and neck cancer, thyroid cancer, and many more. Assembled in an accessible format specifically designed for the non-expert, this book provides the clinical oncologist, early career practitioner, and trainee with an essential understanding of the molecular and genetic basis of cancer and the clinical aspects that have led to advancements in diagnosis and treatment. With this resource, physicians and trainees will increase their breadth of knowledge and be better equipped to educate patients and families who want to know more about their genetic predispositions to cancer and the targeted therapies that could be considered and prescribed. Key Features: Describes how cancer genomics and next generation sequencing informs cancer screening, risk factors, therapeutic options, and clinical management across cancer types Explains what mutations are, what tests are needed, and how to interpret the results Provides information on FDA-approved targeted therapies that are being used in the clinic Covers different sequencing platforms and technologies and how they perform in research settings Includes access to the fully searchable eBook

Human Reproductive Genetics

Human Reproductive Genetics
  • Author : Juan A. Garcia-Velasco,Emre Seli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-19
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 0128167491
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Summary : Human Reproductive Genetics: Emerging Technologies and Clinical Applications presents a great reference for clinicians and researchers in reproductive medicine. Part I includes a brief background of genetics and epigenetics, probability of disease, and the different techniques that are being used today for analysis and genetic counseling. Part II focuses on the analysis of the embryo, current controversies and future concepts. Part III comprises different clinical scenarios that clinicians frequently face in practice. The increasing amount of genetic tests available and the growing information that patients handle makes this section a relevant part of the fertility treatment discussion. Finally, Part IV concludes with the psychological aspects of genetic counseling and the role of counselor and bioethics in human reproduction. Provides an essential reference for clinicians involved in reproductive medicine Builds foundational knowledge on new genetic tests coming into the clinical scenario for physicians involved with patients Assembles critically evaluated chapters that cover basic concepts of genetics and epigenetics and the techniques involved, including preimplantation genetic testing, controversies, and more

Human Genome Informatics

Human Genome Informatics
  • Author : Christophe Lambert,Darrol Baker,George P. Patrinos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-02
  • Total pages :314
  • ISBN : 0128134313
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Summary : Human Genome Informatics: Translating Genes into Health examines the most commonly used electronic tools for translating genomic information into clinically meaningful formats. By analyzing and comparing interpretation methods of whole genome data, the book discusses the possibilities of their application in genomic and translational medicine. Topics such as electronic decision-making tools, translation algorithms, interpretation and translation of whole genome data for rare diseases are thoroughly explored. In addition, discussions of current human genome databases and the possibilities of big data in genomic medicine are presented. With an updated approach on recent techniques and current human genomic databases, the book is a valuable source for students and researchers in genome and medical informatics. It is also ideal for workers in the bioinformatics industry who are interested in recent developments in the field. Provides an overview of the most commonly used electronic tools to translate genomic information Brings an update on the existing human genomic databases that directly impact genome interpretation Summarizes and comparatively analyzes interpretation methods of whole genome data and their application in genomic medicine

Genetic Hearing Loss

Genetic Hearing Loss
  • Author : Patrick J. Willems
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-10-17
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 0824756886
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Summary : Heredity, either alone or in combination with environmental factors, is the most prominent underlying cause of hearing impairment. Thanks in large part to positional cloning techniques, scientists have identified nearly 100 gene loci implicated in hearing loss since 1995-an extraordinarily rapid rate of gene identification. Genetic Hearing Loss branches into syndromic and nonsyndromic categorical directions in its coverage of the genetics behind hearing loss. Authored by 60 internationally recognized researchers, the book describes the normal development of the ear, updates the classification and epidemiology of hearing loss, and surveys the usage of audiometric tests and diagnostic medical examinations.

Cytogenetic Abnormalities

Cytogenetic Abnormalities
  • Author : Susan Mahler Zneimer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-21
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : 1118412567
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Summary : This guide discusses chromosomal abnormalities and how best to report and communicate lab findings in research and clinical settings. Providing a standard approach to writing cytogenetic laboratory reports, the guide further covers useful guidance on implementing International System for Human Cytogenetic Nomenclature in reports. Part one of the guide explores chromosomal, FISH, and microarray analysis in constitutional cytogenetic analyses, while part two looks at acquired abnormalities in cancers. Both sections provide illustrative examples of chromosomal abnormalities and how to communicate these findings in standardized laboratory reports.

Data Integration in the Life Sciences

Data Integration in the Life Sciences
  • Author : Naveen Ashish,Jose-Luis Ambite
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9783319218441
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Summary : This book constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Data Integration in the Life Sciences, DILS 2015, held in Los Angeles, CA, USA, in July 2015. The 24 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 40 submissions. They are organized in topical sections named: data integration technologies; ontology and knowledge engineering for data integration; biomedical data standards and coding; medical research applications; and graduate student consortium.

Genomic Disorders

Genomic Disorders
  • Author : James R. Lupski,Pawel T. Stankiewicz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-10
  • Total pages :426
  • ISBN : 1597450391
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Summary : A grand summary and synthesis of the tremendous amount of data now available in the post genomic era on the structural features, architecture, and evolution of the human genome. The authors demonstrate how such architectural features may be important to both evolution and to explaining the susceptibility to those DNA rearrangements associated with disease. Technologies to assay for such structural variation of the human genome and to model genomic disorders in mice are also presented. Two appendices detail the genomic disorders, providing genomic features at the locus undergoing rearrangement, their clinical features, and frequency of detection.

Sequence — Evolution — Function

Sequence — Evolution — Function
  • Author : Eugene V. Koonin,Michael Galperin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 1475737831
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Summary : Sequence - Evolution - Function is an introduction to the computational approaches that play a critical role in the emerging new branch of biology known as functional genomics. The book provides the reader with an understanding of the principles and approaches of functional genomics and of the potential and limitations of computational and experimental approaches to genome analysis. Sequence - Evolution - Function should help bridge the "digital divide" between biologists and computer scientists, allowing biologists to better grasp the peculiarities of the emerging field of Genome Biology and to learn how to benefit from the enormous amount of sequence data available in the public databases. The book is non-technical with respect to the computer methods for genome analysis and discusses these methods from the user's viewpoint, without addressing mathematical and algorithmic details. Prior practical familiarity with the basic methods for sequence analysis is a major advantage, but a reader without such experience will be able to use the book as an introduction to these methods. This book is perfect for introductory level courses in computational methods for comparative and functional genomics.

Computational Methods for Next Generation Sequencing Data Analysis

Computational Methods for Next Generation Sequencing Data Analysis
  • Author : Ion Mandoiu,Alexander Zelikovsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-12
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 1119272173
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Summary : Introduces readers to core algorithmic techniques for next-generation sequencing (NGS) data analysis and discusses a wide range of computational techniques and applications This book provides an in-depth survey of some of the recent developments in NGS and discusses mathematical and computational challenges in various application areas of NGS technologies. The 18 chapters featured in this book have been authored by bioinformatics experts and represent the latest work in leading labs actively contributing to the fast-growing field of NGS. The book is divided into four parts: Part I focuses on computing and experimental infrastructure for NGS analysis, including chapters on cloud computing, modular pipelines for metabolic pathway reconstruction, pooling strategies for massive viral sequencing, and high-fidelity sequencing protocols. Part II concentrates on analysis of DNA sequencing data, covering the classic scaffolding problem, detection of genomic variants, including insertions and deletions, and analysis of DNA methylation sequencing data. Part III is devoted to analysis of RNA-seq data. This part discusses algorithms and compares software tools for transcriptome assembly along with methods for detection of alternative splicing and tools for transcriptome quantification and differential expression analysis. Part IV explores computational tools for NGS applications in microbiomics, including a discussion on error correction of NGS reads from viral populations, methods for viral quasispecies reconstruction, and a survey of state-of-the-art methods and future trends in microbiome analysis. Computational Methods for Next Generation Sequencing Data Analysis: Reviews computational techniques such as new combinatorial optimization methods, data structures, high performance computing, machine learning, and inference algorithms Discusses the mathematical and computational challenges in NGS technologies Covers NGS error correction, de novo genome transcriptome assembly, variant detection from NGS reads, and more This text is a reference for biomedical professionals interested in expanding their knowledge of computational techniques for NGS data analysis. The book is also useful for graduate and post-graduate students in bioinformatics.

Clinical Molecular Medicine

Clinical Molecular Medicine
  • Author : Dhavendra Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-30
  • Total pages :606
  • ISBN : 0128094427
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Summary : Clinical Molecular Medicine: Principles and Practice presents the latest scientific advances in molecular and cellular biology, including the development of new and effective drug and biological therapies and diagnostic methods. The book provides medical and biomedical students and researchers with a clear and clinically relevant understanding on the molecular basis of human disease. With an increased focus on new practice concepts, such as stratified, personalized and precision medicine, this book is a valuable and much-needed resource that unites the core principles of molecular biology with the latest and most promising genomic advances. Illustrates the fundamental principles and therapeutic applications of molecular and cellular biology Offers a clinically focused account of molecular heterogeneity Includes comprehensive coverage of many different disorders, including growth and development, cardiovascular, metabolic, skin, blood, digestive, inflammatory, neuropsychiatric disorders, and many more