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Co-Rotating Twin-Screw Extruder

Co-Rotating Twin-Screw Extruder
  • Author : Klemens Kohlgrüber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-12
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9783446433410
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Summary : Co-rotating screws and/or extruders are used in many branches of industry for producing, preparing and/or processing highly viscous materials. They find a wide variety of applications especially in the plastics, rubber and food industries. Co-rotating twin-screw machines usually have modular configurations and are thus quite flexible for adapting to changing tasks and material properties. Well-founded knowledge of machines, processes and material behavior are required in order to design twin-screw extruder for economically successful operations. This book provides basic engineering knowledge regarding twin-screw machines; it lists the most important machine-technical requirements and provides examples based on actual practice. Better understanding of the processes is emphasized as this is a prerequisite for optimizing twin-screw designs and operating them efficiently. Besides basic functions, such as compounding, the book focuses on: - the historical development of twin-screws - the geometry of the screw elements (fundamentals, basic patents, patents overview) - material properties and material behavior in the machine - fundamentals of feed behavior, pressure build-up and power input - examples of applications for various processing tasks - compounding: tasks, applications, processing zones - potential and limits of modeling - scaling-up various processes - machine design incl. drives and materials

Co-Rotating Twin-Screw Extruders: Applications

Co-Rotating Twin-Screw Extruders: Applications
  • Author : Klemens Kohlgrüber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-09
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 1569907811
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Summary : Co-rotating twin-screw extruders are extensively used for the preparation, compounding, mixing, and processing of plastics, but also in other industry branches, such as in rubber and food processing, and increasingly in the pharmaceutical industry too. Derived from the classic bestselling work "Co-Rotating Twin Screw Extruders", this book focuses on the application and machine technology of co-rotating twin-screw extrusion. It includes functional zones in the extruder, scale-up and scale-down, machine technology, and many application examples from a broad range of areas. Co-rotating twin-screw machines usually have modular configurations and are thus quite flexible for adapting to changing tasks and material properties. Well-founded knowledge of machines, processes, and material behavior is required in order to design and operate twin-screw extruders for economically successful operations. With chapters written by many expert authors from industry and academia, this book provides valuable information on applications from a practical perspective, suitable for both beginners and experienced professional engineers.

Reactive Extrusion

Reactive Extrusion
  • Author : Günter Beyer,Christian Hopmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-11
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9783527340989
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Summary : This first comprehensive overview of reactive extrusion technology for over a decade combines the views of contributors from both academia and industry who share their experiences and highlight possible applications and markets. They also provide updated information on the underlying chemical and physical concepts, summarizing recent developments in terms of the material and machinery used. As a result, readers will find here a compilation of potential applications for reactive extrusion to access new and cost-effective polymeric materials, while using existing compounding machines.

Co-rotating Twin-screw Extruders

Co-rotating Twin-screw Extruders
  • Author : Klemens Kohlgruber,Klemens Kohlgrüber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 1569904227
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Summary : &Quot;This book provides basic engineering knowledge regarding twin-screw extruders. It covers the most important technical requirements and provides examples based on actual practice. Better understanding of the process is emphasized as this is a prerequisite for optimizing twin-screw designs and operating them efficiently."--BOOK JACKET.

Co-Rotating Twin-Screw Extruders: Fundamentals

Co-Rotating Twin-Screw Extruders: Fundamentals
  • Author : Klemens Kohlgrüber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-12
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 1569907471
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Summary :

Compounding in Co-Rotating Twin-Screw Extruders

Compounding in Co-Rotating Twin-Screw Extruders
  • Author : Yeh Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :136
  • ISBN : 1859571964
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Summary : This report describes the geometric structure of modular extruders, development of the various units of an extruder and their functions, the flow mechanisms and models of their behaviour and experimental studies of extruder performance and applications. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database gives useful references for further reading.

The Technology of Extrusion Cooking

The Technology of Extrusion Cooking
  • Author : N.D. Frame
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :253
  • ISBN : 9781461521358
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Summary : Extrusion cooking is a specialist area of food technology because of the complexity of the interactive effects which are inherent in the system. General predictive modelling is very difficult because ingredients are diverse and can vary considerably. Modelling tends to be product specifi- new product development tends to be by experimental designs and good fortune. The emphasis of this book is on the latest and potential applications of twin screw extrusion in food production, specifically co-rotating inter meshing screw extruders. Of course, in order to develop products and maximise the extruder potential in terms of energy, product quality and output, an overall understanding of the material flow mechanism, barrel fill length and rheology is essential. The book aims to give explanations and general guidance with examples of screw design, configuration and operat ing parameters for a variety of product categories. It is also intended to help production operators diagnose the symptoms of particular problems such as temperature control, quality variation, raw material inconsistency, etc. For the product development technologist there is more than one way to make a similar product. For example, equipment manufacturers recom mend difficult methods for producing flaked corn. In addition, their machines may differ from each other in terms of screw design, power/ volume ratio, screw tip/barrel clearance, etc. , making scale-up more prob lematic.

Extrusion

Extrusion
  • Author : Harold F. Giles Jr,John R. Wagner, Jr.,Eldridge M. Mount
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-21
  • Total pages :636
  • ISBN : 9781437734829
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Summary : The second edition of Extrusion is designed to aid operators, engineers, and managers in extrusion processing in quickly answering practical day-to-day questions. The first part of the book provides the fundamental principles, for operators and engineers, of polymeric materials extrusion processing in single and twin screw extruders. The next section covers advanced topics including troubleshooting, auxiliary equipment, and coextrusion for operators, engineers, and managers. The final part provides applications case studies in key areas for engineers such as compounding, blown film, extrusion blow molding, coating, foam, and reprocessing. This practical guide to extrusion brings together both equipment and materials processing aspects. It covers basic and advanced topics, for reference and training, in thermoplastics processing in the extruder. Detailed reference data are provided on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety. A practical guide to the selection, design and optimization of extrusion processes and equipment Designed to improve production efficiency and product quality Focuses on practical fault analysis and troubleshooting techniques

Extrusion Processing Technology

Extrusion Processing Technology
  • Author : Jean-Marie Bouvier,Osvaldo H. Campanella
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-31
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9781118541722
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Summary : The only up-to-date book on this important technology, Extrusion Processing Technology: Food and Non-Food Biomaterials bridges the gap between the principles of extrusion science and the practical "know how" of operational engineers and technicians. Written by internationally renowned experts with over forty years of experience between them, this valuable reference for food scientists, food engineers, chemical engineers, and students includes coverage of new, greener technologies as well as case studies to illustrate the practical, real-world application of the principles in various settings.

Co-Rotating Twin-Screw Extruders – Two Volume Set

Co-Rotating Twin-Screw Extruders – Two Volume Set
  • Author : Klemens Kohlgrüber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-07
  • Total pages :796
  • ISBN : 9781569908785
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Summary : Co-rotating twin-screw extruders are extensively used for the preparation, compounding, mixing, and processing of plastics, but also in other industry branches, such as in rubber and food processing, and increasingly in the pharmaceutical industry too. Derived from the classic, bestselling work "Co-Rotating Twin Screw Extruders", this book brings much of the content up to date, with an expanded focus on the fundamentals of co-rotating twin-screw extrusion, including functional zones in the extruder, screw elements, material behavior, flow properties, performance behavior, and application of computational fluid dynamics. Co-rotating twin-screw machines usually have modular configurations and are thus quite flexible for adapting to changing tasks and material properties. Well-founded knowledge of machines, processes, and material behavior is required in order to design and operate twin-screw extruders for economically successful operations. With chapters written by many expert authors from industry and academia, this book provides valuable information on applications from a practical perspective, suitable for both beginners and experienced professional engineers. Also derived from the classic bestselling work "Co-Rotating Twin Screw Extruders", the second book focuses on the application and machine technology of co-rotating twin-screw extrusion. It includes functional zones in the extruder, scale-up and scale-down, machine technology, and many application examples from a broad range of areas.

Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology, Second Edition

Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology, Second Edition
  • Author : Isaac Ghebre-Sellassie,Charles E. Martin,Feng Zhang,James DiNunzio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-05
  • Total pages :413
  • ISBN : 9781351129008
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Summary : The first edition of Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology, published in 2003, was deemed the seminal book on pharmaceutical extrusion. Now it is expanded and improved, just like the usage of extrusion has expanded, improved and evolved into an accepted manufacturing technology to continuously mix active pharmaceutical ingredients with excipients for a myriad of traditional and novel dosage forms. Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology, Second Edition reflects how this has spawned numerous research activities, in addition to hardware and process advancements. It offers new authors, expanded chapters and contains all the extrusion related technical information necessary for the development, manufacturing, and marketing of pharmaceutical dosage forms.

Hot-Melt Extrusion

Hot-Melt Extrusion
  • Author : Dennis Douroumis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-24
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781118307878
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Summary : Hot-melt extrusion (HME) - melting a substance and forcing it through an orifice under controlled conditions to form a new material - is an emerging processing technology in the pharmaceutical industry for the preparation of various dosage forms and drug delivery systems, for example granules and sustained release tablets. Hot-Melt Extrusion: Pharmaceutical Applications covers the main instrumentation, operation principles and theoretical background of HME. It then focuses on HME drug delivery systems, dosage forms and clinical studies (including pharmacokinetics and bioavailability) of HME products. Finally, the book includes some recent and novel HME applications, scale -up considerations and regulatory issues. Topics covered include: principles and die design of single screw extrusion twin screw extrusion techniques and practices in the laboratory and on production scale HME developments for the pharmaceutical industry solubility parameters for prediction of drug/polymer miscibility in HME formulations the influence of plasticizers in HME applications of polymethacrylate polymers in HME HME of ethylcellulose, hypromellose, and polyethylene oxide bioadhesion properties of polymeric films produced by HME taste masking using HME clinical studies, bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of HME products injection moulding and HME processing for pharmaceutical materials laminar dispersive & distributive mixing with dissolution and applications to HME technological considerations related to scale-up of HME processes devices and implant systems by HME an FDA perspective on HME product and process understanding improved process understanding and control of an HME process with near-infrared spectroscopy Hot-Melt Extrusion: Pharmaceutical Applications is an essential multidisciplinary guide to the emerging pharmaceutical uses of this processing technology for researchers in academia and industry working in drug formulation and delivery, pharmaceutical engineering and processing, and polymers and materials science. This is the first book from our brand new series Advances in Pharmaceutical Technology. Find out more about the series here.

Polymer Devolatilization

Polymer Devolatilization
  • Author : Ramon Albalak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-29
  • Total pages :736
  • ISBN : 9781351423595
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Summary : This work introduces the fundamental background necessary to understand polymer devolatilization. It elucidates the actual mechanisms by which the devolatilization of polymer melts progresses, and discusses virtually every type of devolatilization equipment available. The work also addresses devolatilization in various geometries and types of equipment, describing the use of falling strand, slit, single-screw, co-rotating and counter-rotating twin-screw devolatilization.

Screw Extrusion

Screw Extrusion
  • Author : James Lindsay White
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :444
  • ISBN : 3446196242
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Summary : Screw extruders are the most important of all polymer processing machines There is a need for a comprehensive book on this subject. This book emphazises the understanding of the underlaying principles of screw extrusion, the design and behavior of screw based machines. It helps the enineer t optimize his equipment and enhance production rates. Contents: · Introduction · Fundamentals · Screw Extrusion Technology · Technology of Single Screw Extrusion with Reciprocating Screws · Single Screw Extruder Analysis and Design · Twin and Multiscrew Extrusion

Extruders in Food Applications

Extruders in Food Applications
  • Author : Mian N. Riaz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-02-01
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 1566767792
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Summary : The result of years of experience by experts in extrusion technology, Extruders in Food Applications brings together practical experience and in-depth knowledge of extrusion cooking technology. This concise reference summarizes basic considerations for the application of extrusion technology to food industry processes and focuses on the various types of extruders available for a growing number of food applications. Chapters compare and describe the different types of extruders and their functions, including characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, and applications, providing a wealth of information about dry extruders, interrupted flight extruder-expanders, and single screw and twin screw extruders. The effects of preconditioning on the raw material and of extrusion on the nutrients of products are covered as well. This book is a valuable source for the technical and practical application of extrusion and will be useful for the selection of the proper equipment for this technology.

Extrusion

Extrusion
  • Author : Harold F. Giles Jr,Eldridge M. Mount III,John R. Wagner, Jr.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-12-31
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9780815517115
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Summary : Why is it important to get to equilibrium and how long does it take? Are there problems running polypropylene profiles on a single screw extruder? Does the job involve compounding color concentrates on a corotating twin screw extruder? This unique reference work is designed to aid operators, engineers, and managers in quickly answering such practical day-to-day questions in extrusion processing. This comprehensive volume is divided into 7 Parts. It contains detailed reference data on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety. This reference is a practical guide to extrusion bringing together both the equipment and materials processing aspects. It provides basic and advanced topics about the thermoplastics processing in the extruder, for reference and training. Parts 1 û 3, emphasize the fundamentals, for operators and engineers, of polymeric materials extrusion processing in single and twin screw extruders. Parts 4 û 7 treat advanced topics including troubleshooting, auxiliary equipment, and coextrusion for operators, engineers, and managers. Extensive applications in Part 7 cover such contemporary areas as compounding, blown film, extrusion blow molding, coating, foam, and reprocessing. Each chapter includes review topics.

Twin Screw Extrusion

Twin Screw Extrusion
  • Author : James Lindsay White,Eung Kyu Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 1569904715
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Summary : Twin screw extrusion has become an important part of polymer processing technology. Twin screw extruders are widely used for reactive, procesing, including both polymerization and grafting reactions, for compounding, blending, devolatilization, as well as for thermoplastic final shaping operations, particularly profile extrusion. The purpose of this book is to carefully describe each of these three types of machines and the historical development of their technologies. The book also provides insight into the efforts to model/simulate the flow characteristics of these machines and into the experimental studies of their machine characteristics. This book is unique in clearly distinguishing between the different types of twin screw extruders on the market and in reviewing their capabilities. It is the authors' primary intention to provide a balanced but in-depth overview of twin screw extrusion technology to chemists, engineers and technologists alike

Extrusion Problems Solved

Extrusion Problems Solved
  • Author : M N Riaz,G J Rokey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-09
  • Total pages :184
  • ISBN : 9780857095206
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Summary : Extrusion is widely used for the preparation of a variety of foodstuffs including breakfast cereals, snack food and pasta, as well as pet food and animal and aquaculture feed. Extrusion problems solved provides responses to more than 300 frequently asked questions about the process of food extrusion and the techniques and equipment involved, in a practical question-and-answer format. The book is divided into twelve chapters for ease of reference: the opening chapters concentrate on introductory queries and on different components of an extruder system, followed by two chapters that help the reader select the correct type of extruder for a product. Chapters five and six discuss the impact of factors such as protein content and particle size on the extrusion process, while the use of pre-conditioners is discussed in chapter seven. The latter part of the book discusses specific types of extruder and die and knife assemblies, followed by a chapter on issues relating to drying extruded food products. The final chapter offers practical guidelines and rules of thumb for the most common issues relating to food and feed extrusion. Written by two leading experts in the field, Extrusion problems solved is an essential reference source and troubleshooting guide for professionals working in food, pet food and feed extrusion. It will also be a valuable training resource for students of extrusion. Offers practical guidelines and rules of thumb for the most common food and feed extrusion problems Chapters concentrate on introductory queries, types of extruder and components of extruder systems, knife assemblies, the use of pre-conditioners and issues in drying extruded food products Provides responses to more than 300 frequently asked questions about the processes, equipment and techniques of food extrusion in a practical question-and-answer format

Melt Extrusion

Melt Extrusion
  • Author : Michael A. Repka,Nigel Langley,James DiNunzio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-11
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : 9781461484325
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Summary : This volume provides readers with the basic principles and fundamentals of extrusion technology and a detailed description of the practical applications of a variety of extrusion processes, including various pharma grade extruders. In addition, the downstream production of films, pellets and tablets, for example, for oral and other delivery routes, are presented and discussed utilizing melt extrusion. This book is the first of its kind that discusses extensively the well-developed science of extrusion technology as applied to pharmaceutical drug product development and manufacturing. By covering a wide range of relevant topics, the text brings together all technical information necessary to develop and market pharmaceutical dosage forms that meet current quality and regulatory requirements. As extrusion technology continues to be refined further, usage of extruder systems and the array of applications will continue to expand, but the core technologies will remain the same.

Extrusion Cooking

Extrusion Cooking
  • Author : Girish M. Ganjyal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-25
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 9780128153611
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Summary : Extrusion Cooking provides a detailed description of extrusion processing with an in-depth exploration of cereal grains processing. In particular, the book addresses the basic principles of extrusion processing, various extruder parts and their design principles, food ingredients and their characteristics as they relate to extrusion. It also discusses physicochemical changes in the different ingredient components as they are processed in an extruder, modeling and control of extrusion process, scale-up aspects, extrusion plant design, food safety in extrusion, new advancements in extrusion, and a look into the future of extrusion. This valuable text serves as a one-volume reference on extrusion processing for food industry professionals and students. Covers the engineering, chemistry, nutrition, and food safety aspects of extrusion cooking Presents both the fundamental and applied aspects of extrusion processing Details the extrusion of whole-grain, high-fiber, and high-protein foods Covers both expanded and texturized products Outlines extrusion processing of different ingredients Addresses new technologies that have expanded the extruder capabilities Analyzes new developments in the area of modeling of extrusion processing

Introduction to Plastics Engineering

Introduction to Plastics Engineering
  • Author : Anshuman Shrivastava
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-15
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 9780323396196
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Summary : Introduction to Plastics Engineering provides a single reference covering the basics of polymer and plastics materials, and their properties, design, processing and applications in a practical way. The book discusses materials engineering through properties formulation, combining part design and processing to produce final products. This book will be a beneficial guide to materials engineers developing new formulations, processing engineers producing those formulations, and design and product engineers seeking to understand the materials and methods for developing new applications. The book incorporates material properties, engineering, processing, design, applications and sustainable and bio based solutions. Ideal for those just entering the industry, or transitioning between sectors, this is a quick, relevant and informative reference guide to plastics engineering and processing for engineers and plastics practitioners. Provides a single unified reference covering plastics materials, properties, design, processing and applications Offers end-to-end coverage of the industry, from formulation to part design, processing, and the final product Serves as an ideal introductory book for new plastics engineers and students of plastics engineering Provides a convenient reference for more experienced practitioners