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Cognition and Addiction

Cognition and Addiction
  • Author : Antonio Verdejo García
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-29
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 9780128152997
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Summary : Cognition and Addiction: A Researcher’s Guide from Mechanisms Towards Interventions provides researchers with a guide to recent cognitive neuroscience advances in addiction theory, phenotyping, treatments and new vistas, including both substance and behavioral addictions. This book focuses on “what to know and “how to apply information, prioritizing novel principles and delineating cutting-edge assessment, phenotyping and treatment tools. Written by world renowned researcher Antonio Verdejo-Garcia, this resource will become a go-to guide for researchers in the field of cognitive neuroscience and addiction. Examines cognitive neuroscience advances in addiction theory, including both substance and behavioral addictions Discusses primary principles of cutting-edge assessment, phenotyping and treatment tools Includes detailed chapters on neuro-epidemiology and genetic imaging

Cognition and Addiction

Cognition and Addiction
  • Author : Antonio Verdejo García
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-26
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 0128152982
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Summary : Cognition and Addiction: A Researcher's Guide from Mechanisms Towards Interventions provides researchers with a guide to recent cognitive neuroscience advances in addiction theory, phenotyping, treatments and new vistas, including both substance and behavioral addictions. This book focuses on "what to know" and "how to apply" information, prioritizing novel principles and delineating cutting-edge assessment, phenotyping and treatment tools. Written by world renowned researcher Antonio Verdejo-Garcia, this resource will become a go-to guide for researchers in the field of cognitive neuroscience and addiction. Examines cognitive neuroscience advances in addiction theory, including both substance and behavioral addictions Discusses primary principles of cutting-edge assessment, phenotyping and treatment tools Includes detailed chapters on neuro-epidemiology and genetic imaging

Cognition and Addiction

Cognition and Addiction
  • Author : Marcus Munafò,I. Albery
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :307
  • ISBN : UOM:39015067660426
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Summary : Although research into the relationship between cognitive processes and addictive behaviours is currently an area of substantial growth and interest, this title has brought together the state-of-the-art in this research. Within the title, current research and theoretical models have been synthesised by leading authors in the field of cognition and addiction, with a particular emphasis on widely investigated substances of abuse such as alcohol, nicotine, cocaine and opiates.

Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction

Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction
  • Author : Reinout W. Wiers,Alan W. Stacy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : 1412909740
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Summary : For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.

Cognitive, Clinical, and Neural Aspects of Drug Addiction

Cognitive, Clinical, and Neural Aspects of Drug Addiction
  • Author : Ahmed A. Moustafa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-17
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9780128169797
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Summary : Cognitive, Clinical, and Neural Aspects of Drug Addiction focuses on the theories that cause drug addiction, including avoidance behavior, self-medication, reward sensitization, behavioral inhibition and impulsivity. Dr. Moustafa takes this book one-step further by reviewing the psychological causes of relapse, including the role stress, anxiety and depression play. By examining both the causes of drug addiction and relapse, this book will help clinicians create individualized treatment options for their patients suffering from drug addiction. Understanding the development of individual drug addictions are often difficult to understand and, more often, difficult to treat. The most successful treatments begin with studying why individuals become addicted to drugs and how to change their thinking and behavior.

Health and Academic Achievement

Health and Academic Achievement
  • Author : Blandina Bernal-Morales
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-19
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9781789237306
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Summary : Emotional, physical and social well-being describe human health from birth. Good health goes hand in hand with the ability to handle stress for the future. However, biological factors such as diet, life experiences such as drug abuse, bullying, burnout and social factors such as family and community support at the school stage tend to mold health problems, affecting academic achievements. This book is a compilation of current scientific information about the challenges that students, families and teachers face regarding health and academic achievements. Contributions also relate to how physical activity, psychosocial support and other interventions can be made to understand resilience and vulnerability to school desertion. This book will be of interest to readers from broad professional fields, non-specialist readers, and those involved in education policy.

The Wiley Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Addiction

The Wiley Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Addiction
  • Author : Stephen J. Wilson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-07
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 9781118472248
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Summary : This volume provides a thorough and up-to-date synthesis of the expansive and highly influential literature from the last 30 years by bringing together contributions from leading authorities in the field, with emphasis placed on the most commonly investigated drugs of abuse. Emphasises the most commonly investigated drugs of abuse, including alcohol, cocaine, nicotine, and opiates Brings together the work of the leading authorities in all major areas of the field Provides novel coverage of cutting-edge methods for using cognitive neuroscience to advance the treatment of addiction, including real-time neurofeedback and brain stimulation methods Includes new material on emerging themes and future directions in the use of cognitive neuroscience to advance addiction science

Cognitive Therapy of Substance Abuse

Cognitive Therapy of Substance Abuse
  • Author : Aaron T. Beck,Fred D. Wright,Cory F. Newman,Bruce S. Liese
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-18
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 9781462504329
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Summary : Cognitive therapy offers a well-documented and cost-effective psychosocial treatment model for working with substance abuse disorders. Comprehensive and accessible, this volume clearly details the cognitive model of addiction, the specifics of case formulation, management of the therapeutic relationship, and the structure of the therapy sessions. It discusses how to educate patients in the treatment model and procedures and manage their cravings and urges for drugs and alcohol. Specific cognitive and behavioral strategies and techniques are described in detail, as are methods for understanding and working with patients who present concomitant problems of depression, anxiety, low frustration tolerance, anger, and personality disorders. Also addressed are such significant issues as crisis management and relapse prevention. Enhancing the utility of the volume are appendices featuring sample client inventories and checklists. These forms are designed to help the clinician identify targets for intervention, track progress over time, and develop an individualized relapse prevention plan for each client.

Brain and Cognition for Addiction Medicine: From Prevention to Recovery

Brain and Cognition for Addiction Medicine: From Prevention to Recovery
  • Author : Hamed Ekhtiari,Antonio Verdejo-García,Scott J. Moeller,Alexander Mario Baldacchino,Martin P. Paulus
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-12
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889663774
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Summary :

Addiction as Consumer Choice

Addiction as Consumer Choice
  • Author : Gordon Foxall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-12
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9781134472246
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Summary : A striking characteristic of addictive behavior is the pursuit of immediate reward at the risk of longer-term detrimental outcomes. It is typically accompanied by the expression of a strong desire to cease from or at least control consumption that has such consequences, followed by lapse, further resolution, relapse, and so on. Understood in this way, addiction includes substance abuse as well as behavioral compulsions like excessive gambling or even uncontrollable shopping. Behavioral economics and neurophysiology provide well-worn paths to understanding this behavior and this book regards them as central components of this quest. However, the specific question it seeks to answer is, What part does cognition – the desires we pursue and the beliefs we have about how to accomplish them – play in explaining addictive behavior? The answer is sought in a methodology that indicates why and where cognitive explanation is necessary, the form it should take, and the outcomes of employing it to understand addiction. It applies the Behavioral Perspective Model (BPM) of consumer choice, a tried and tested theory of more routine consumption, ranging from everyday product and brand choice, through credit purchasing and environmental despoliation, to the more extreme aspects of consumption represented by compulsion and addiction. The book will advance debate among behavioral scientists, cognitive psychologists, and other professionals about the nature of economic and social behavior.

Video Game Influences on Aggression, Cognition, and Attention

Video Game Influences on Aggression, Cognition, and Attention
  • Author : Christopher J. Ferguson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-21
  • Total pages :203
  • ISBN : 9783319954950
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Summary : This book addresses the ongoing scientific debates regarding video games and their effects on players. The book features opposing perspectives and offers point and counterpoint exchanges in which researchers on both sides of a specific topic make their best case for their findings and analysis. Chapters cover both positive and negative effects of video games on players’ behavior and cognition, from contributing to violence and alienation to promoting therapeutic outcomes for types of cognitive dysfunction. The contrasting viewpoints model presents respectful scientific debate, encourages open dialogue, and allows readers to come to informed conclusions. Key questions addressed include: · Do violent video games promote violence? · Does video game addiction exist? · Should parents limit children’s use of interactive media? · Do action video games promote visual attention? · Does sexist content in video games promote misogyny in real life? · Can video games slow the progress of dementia? · Are video games socially isolating? Video Game Influences on Aggression, Cognition, and Attention is a must-have resource for researchers, clinicians and professionals as well as graduate students in developmental psychology, social work, educational policy and politics, criminology/criminal justice, child and school psychology, sociology, media law, and other related disciplines.

A Personal History of Nuclear Medicine

A Personal History of Nuclear Medicine
  • Author : Henry N. Wagner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-23
  • Total pages :299
  • ISBN : 9781846280726
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Summary : A Personal History of Nuclear Medicine is an account of how nuclear medicine developed, and its basic philosophy in the past, present and future. The book outlines the history of the development of nuclear medicine as experienced by the author and describes the hurdles that nuclear medicine has had to face, in view of the perception of risk of radiation. It also explains how nuclear medicine solves medical problems in clinical practice and how it has contributed to a new definition of disease. The book concludes with future projections of the likely developments in this area in the next 50 years. Target market: nuclear medicine professionals as well non-nuclear medicine physicians and the public

The Cambridge Handbook of Substance and Behavioral Addictions

The Cambridge Handbook of Substance and Behavioral Addictions
  • Author : Steve Sussman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-31
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781108632249
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Summary : Written by leaders in the addictions field, 100 authors from six countries, this handbook is a thoroughly comprehensive resource. Philosophical and legal issues are addressed, while conceptual underpinnings are provided through explanations of appetitive motivation, incentive sensitization, reward deficiency, and behavioral economics theories. Major clinical and research methods are clearly mapped out (e.g. MRI, behavioral economics, interview assessments, and qualitative approaches), outlining their strengths and weaknesses, giving the reader the tools needed to guide their research and practice aims. The etiology of addiction at various levels of analysis is discussed, including neurobiology, cognition, groups, culture, and environment, which simultaneously lays out the foundations and high-level discourse to serve both novice and expert researchers and clinicians. Importantly, the volume explores the prevention and treatment of such addictions as alcohol, tobacco, novel drugs, food, gambling, sex, work, shopping, the internet, and several seldom-investigated behaviors (e.g. love, tanning, or exercise).

Internet Addiction

Internet Addiction
  • Author : Kuss, Daria J.,Pontes, Halley M.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-30
  • Total pages :95
  • ISBN : 9781613345016
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Summary : This book examines how you can identify, assess, and treat Internet addiction in the most effective manner. Internet use has become an integral part of our daily lives, but at what point does Internet use become problematic? What are the different kinds of Internet addiction? And how can professionals best help clients? Internet addiction refers to a range of behavioral problems, including social media addiction and Internet gaming disorder. This compact, evidence-based guide written by leading experts from the field helps disentangle the debates and controversies around Internet addiction and outlines the current assessment and treatment methods. The book presents a 12–15 session treatment plan for Internet and gaming addiction using the method and setting with the best evidence: group CBT. Printable tools in the appendix help clinicians implement therapy. This accessible book is essential reading for clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, psychotherapists, counsellors, social workers, teachers, as well as students.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Clinical Applications

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Clinical Applications
  • Author : Ömer Şenormancı,Güliz Şenormancı
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-28
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9789535139270
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Summary : The main purpose of this book is to be useful in daily practice to clinicians, including less-discussed subjects that are frequently encountered in practice. For this, it was aimed to explain the formulation of the disorder in light of the basic CBT model in each chapter and then to present the treatment approach of the disorder with case examples. We believe that the case examples, which came from the authors' own practices, are the strength of the book.

Behaviour for Learning in the Primary School

Behaviour for Learning in the Primary School
  • Author : Kate Adams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-01-09
  • Total pages :112
  • ISBN : 9781844458196
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Summary : Children's behaviour is a key concern for trainees and teachers. This book explores the concept of behaviour for learning which is very much driven by the Every Child Matters agenda. It examines the roles of relationships and children's social knowledge in depth. In particular, it explores relationship with self, relationship with others and relationships with the curriculum. It also considers the importance of self-reflection and other additional factors affecting behaviour for learning such as children's learning difficulties. It highlights the complexities and wider social factors involved in attaining positive behaviour, in a way which recognises the whole child.

Leaky Bodies and Boundaries

Leaky Bodies and Boundaries
  • Author : Margrit Shildrick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-22
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781136184628
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Summary : Drawing on postmodernist analyses, Leaky Bodies and Boundaries presents a feminist investigation into the marginalization of women within western discourse that denies female moral agency and embodiment. With reference to contemporary and historical issues in biomedicine, the book argues that the boundaries of both the subject and the body are no longer secure. The aim is both to valorise women and to suggest that 'leakiness' may be the very ground for a postmodern feminist ethic. The contribution made by Leaky Bodies and Boundaries is to go beyond modernist feminisms to radically displace the mechanisms by which women are devalued. The anxiety that postmodernism cannot yield an ethics, nor advance feminist concerns is addressed. This book will provide invaluable reading for those studying feminist philosophy, cultural studies and sociology.

Population Neuroscience

Population Neuroscience
  • Author : Tomas Paus
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-23
  • Total pages :184
  • ISBN : 9783642364501
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Summary : Is Newton’s brain different from Rembrandt’s? Does a mother’s diet during pregnancy impact brain growth? Do adolescent peers leave a signature in the social brain? Does the way we live in our middle years affect how our brains age? To answer these and many other questions, we can now turn to population neuroscience. Population neuroscience endeavors to identify environmental and genetic factors that shape the function and structure of the human brain; it uses the tools and knowledge of genetics (and the “omics” sciences), epidemiology and neuroscience. This text attempts to provide a bridge spanning these three disciplines so that their practitioners can communicate easily with each other when working together on large-scale imaging studies of the developing, mature and aging brain. By understanding the processes driving variations in brain function and structure across individuals, we will also be able to predict an individual’s risk of (or resilience against) developing a brain disorder. In the long term, the hope is that population neuroscience will lay the foundation for personalized preventive medicine and, in turn, reduce the burden associated with complex, chronic disorders of brain and body.

Assistive Technology for Cognition

Assistive Technology for Cognition
  • Author : Brian O'Neill,Alex Gillespie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-22
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9781317698470
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Summary : Assistive technology for cognition is technology which can be used to enable, enhance, or extend cognitive function. This book systematically examines how cutting-edge digital technologies can assist the cognitive function of people with cognitive impairments, with the potential to revolutionize rehabilitation. Technologies are reviewed which direct attention, remind, recognize, prompt, and generally guide people through activities of daily living. Written by experts in neuropsychology and technology development, Assistive Technology for Cognition provides a comprehensive overview of the efficacy of technologies to assist people with brain impairments. Based on the list provided by the International Classification of Function, each chapter covers a different cognitive function; namely, attention, memory, affect, perception, executive function, language, numeracy, sequencing, and navigation onto which existing and future assistive technologies for cognition are mapped. This structure provides in-depth research in an accessible way, and will allow practitioners to move from an assessment of cognitive deficits to the prescription of an appropriate assistive technology for cognition. The chapters also make suggestions for future developments. Assistive Technology for Cognition will be of great interest to clinicians and researchers working in brain injury rehabilitation, technology developers, and also to students in clinical psychology, neuropsychology, and allied health disciplines.

Citrus

Citrus
  • Author : Pierre Laszlo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 9780226470283
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Summary : Laszlo traces the spectacular rise and spread of citrus across the globe, from southeast Asia in 4000 BC to modern Spain and Portugal, whose explorers inroduced the fruit to the Americas. This book explores the numerous roles that citrus has played in agriculture, horticulture, cooking, nutrition, religion, and art.

Seeking Spatial Justice

Seeking Spatial Justice
  • Author : Edward W. Soja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-30
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 1452915288
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Summary : In 1996, the Los Angeles Bus Riders Union, a grassroots advocacy organization, won a historic legal victory against the city’s Metropolitan Transit Authority. The resulting consent decree forced the MTA for a period of ten years to essentially reorient the mass transit system to better serve the city’s poorest residents. A stunning reversal of conventional governance and planning in urban America, which almost always favors wealthier residents, this decision is also, for renowned urban theorist Edward W. Soja, a concrete example of spatial justice in action. In Seeking Spatial Justice, Soja argues that justice has a geography and that the equitable distribution of resources, services, and access is a basic human right. Building on current concerns in critical geography and the new spatial consciousness, Soja interweaves theory and practice, offering new ways of understanding and changing the unjust geographies in which we live. After tracing the evolution of spatial justice and the closely related notion of the right to the city in the influential work of Henri Lefebvre, David Harvey, and others, he demonstrates how these ideas are now being applied through a series of case studies in Los Angeles, the city at the forefront of this movement. Soja focuses on such innovative labor–community coalitions as Justice for Janitors, the Los Angeles Alliance for a New Economy, and the Right to the City Alliance; on struggles for rent control and environmental justice; and on the role that faculty and students in the UCLA Department of Urban Planning have played in both developing the theory of spatial justice and putting it into practice. Effectively locating spatial justice as a theoretical concept, a mode of empirical analysis, and a strategy for social and political action, this book makes a significant contribution to the contemporary debates about justice, space, and the city.