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Cognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision-Making

Cognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision-Making
  • Author : Maggie E. Toplak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-06-01
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9780128166451
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Summary : Cognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision-Making reviews the existing literature on the development of reasoning, judgment and decision-making, with a primary focus on measures from the heuristics and biases tradition. The book presents a model based on cognitive sophistication to examine the development of judgment and decision-making, including age related differences in developmental samples, associations with intellectual abilities and executive functions, and associations with dispositional tendencies that support judgment and decision-making. Additional sections cover the empirical findings of a longitudinal study conducted over seven years that tie together the discussed aspects related to cognitive sophistication. This book will provide a much-needed description of the theoretical and conceptual issues, a review of empirical findings, and an integrative summary of the implications for developmental models of reasoning, judgment and decision-making. Explores whether individual heuristics and biases are associated Reviews individual differences in cognitive abilities and thinking dispositions Examines reasoning from the lens of cognitive sophistication Discusses the implications for models, including dual process models Tests and elaborates using empirical findings from a longitudinal study

The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents

The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents
  • Author : Janis E. Jacobs,Paul A. Klaczynski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-04-21
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781135633523
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Summary : In recent years, newspaper articles, television specials, and other media events have focused on the numerous hard decisions faced by today's youth, often pointing to teen pregnancy, drug use, and delinquency as evidence of faulty judgment. Over the past 10 years, many groups - including parents, educators, policymakers, and researchers - have become concerned about the decision-making abilities of children and adolescents, asking why they make risky choices, how they can be taught to be better decision makers, and what types of age-related changes occur in decision making. This book serves as a starting point for those interested in considering new ways of thinking about the development of these issues. The purpose is to bring together the voices of several authors who are conducting cutting-edge research and developing new theoretical perspectives related to the development of judgment and decision making. The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents is divided into three parts: Part I presents three distinctive developmental models that offer different explanations of "what develops" and the relative importance of different cognitive components and experiential components that may be important for developing judgment and decision making skills. Part II emphasizes the emotional, cultural, and social aspects of decision making--three topics that have been influential in the adult literature on judgment and decision making but are just beginning to be explored in the developmental area. Part III provides three examples of research that applies developmental and decision making models to practical research questions. This book is intended for the professional market or for graduate courses on decision making or cognitive or social development.

Neuroeconomics, Judgment, and Decision Making

Neuroeconomics, Judgment, and Decision Making
  • Author : Evan A. Wilhelms,Valerie F. Reyna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-11
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9781317652731
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Summary : This volume explores how and why people make judgments and decisions that have economic consequences, and what the implications are for human well-being. It provides an integrated review of the latest research from many different disciplines, including social, cognitive, and developmental psychology; neuroscience and neurobiology; and economics and business. The book has six areas of focus: historical foundations; cognitive consistency and inconsistency; heuristics and biases; neuroeconomics and neurobiology; developmental and individual differences; and improving decisions. Throughout, the contributors draw out implications from traditional behavioral research as well as evidence from neuroscience. In recent years, neuroscientific methods have matured, beyond being simply correlational and descriptive, into theoretical prediction and explanation, and this has opened up many new areas of discovery about economic behavior that are reviewed in the book. In the final part, there are applications of the research to cognitive development, individual differences, and the improving of decisions. The book takes a broad perspective and is written in an accessible way so as to reach a wide audience of advanced students and researchers interested in behavioral economics and related areas. This includes neuroscientists, neuropsychologists, clinicians, psychologists (developmental, social, and cognitive), economists and other social scientists; legal scholars and criminologists; professionals in public health and medicine; educators; evidence-based practitioners; and policy-makers.

The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making

The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making
  • Author : Henry Markovits
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-26
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9781317931065
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Summary : Logical thinking is a critically important cognitive skill. It is not just essential for mathematical and scientific understanding, it is also of prime importance when trying to navigate our complex and increasingly sophisticated world. Written by world class researchers in the field, The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making describes the ways that children learn to reason, and how reasoning can be used to overcome the influence of beliefs and intuitions. The chapters in this edited collection focus on the new, revolutionary paradigm in reasoning and cover the recent research on the development of reasoning in two important areas: Cognitive abilities required to reason well and how these abilities develop in children and adolescents. Recent empirical data showing the effect intuition and prior belief have on reasoning, even when the outcome is inappropriate. Different theoretical and empirical perspectives from recent Piagetian theory, mental models and gist processing are examined, along with empirical results looking at specific aspects of reasoning in children. The key theme of the book is to better understand how reasoning develops not only through examining ‘logical’ reasoning, but also the nature of the interactions between people’s intuitions and their reasoning abilities. The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making provides an overview of the main theories and key empirical results related to the development of reasoning and should be of particular interest to students and researchers in developmental psychology and education, along with those in cognitive psychology.

Neuroscience of Decision Making

Neuroscience of Decision Making
  • Author : Oshin Vartanian,David R. Mandel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-14
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781136859878
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Summary : The intersection between the fields of behavioral decision research and neuroscience has proved to be fertile ground for interdisciplinary research. Whereas the former is rich in formalized models of choice, the latter is rife with techniques for testing behavioral models at the brain level. As a result, there has been the rapid emergence of progressively more sophisticated biological models of choice, geared toward the development of ever more complete mechanistic models of behavior. This volume provides a coherent framework for distilling some of the key themes that have emerged as a function of this research program, and highlights what we have learned about judgment and decision making as a result. Although topics that are theoretically relevant to judgment and decision making researchers are addressed, the book also ventures somewhat beyond the traditional boundaries of this area to tackle themes that would of interest to a greater community of scholars. Neuroscience of Decision Making provides contemporary and essential reading for researchers and students of cognitive psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, and economics.

Individual Differences in Judgement and Decision-Making

Individual Differences in Judgement and Decision-Making
  • Author : Maggie E. Toplak,Joshua Weller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-25
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781317265313
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Summary : Children face an overwhelming amount of information and a range of different choices every day, and so there has never been a more important time to understand how children learn to make judgments and decisions in our modern world. Individual Differences in Judgment and Decision-Making presents cutting-edge developmental research to advance our knowledge and understanding of how these competencies emerge. Focusing on the role of individual differences, the text provides a complementary theoretical approach to understanding the development of judgment and decision-making skills, and how and why these competencies vary within and between different periods of development. Sampling a diverse set of developmental paradigms and measures, as well as considering typical and atypically developing samples, this volume provokes thinking about how we can support our children and youth to help them make better choices. Drawing on the expertise of a range of international contributors, this book will be of interest to students and researchers of thinking and reasoning from both cognitive and developmental psychology backgrounds.

Growing Up in Singapore

Growing Up in Singapore
  • Author : Agnes Shook Cheong Chang,Saravanan Gopinathan,Wah Kam Ho
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :254
  • ISBN : UOM:39015041654214
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Summary :

Workshop on Aeronautical Decision Making (ADM).

Workshop on Aeronautical Decision Making (ADM).
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :267
  • ISBN : UCBK:C101358235
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Summary :

Emerging Perspectives on Judgment and Decision Research

Emerging Perspectives on Judgment and Decision Research
  • Author : Sandra L. Schneider,James Shanteau
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-06-16
  • Total pages :713
  • ISBN : 052152718X
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Summary : Table of contents

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015057953252
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Summary :

Cognitive Science: Judgment and decision making

Cognitive Science: Judgment and decision making
  • Author : Koen Lamberts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :341
  • ISBN : NWU:35556038045944
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Summary :

Decision Making and Rationality in the Modern World

Decision Making and Rationality in the Modern World
  • Author : Keith E. Stanovich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :196
  • ISBN : UOM:39015084098980
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Summary : In Decision Making and Rationality in the Modern World, Keith E. Stanovich demonstrates how work in the cognitive psychology of decision making has implications for the large and theoretically contentious debates about the nature of human rationality. Written specifically for undergraduate psychology students, the book presents a very practical approach to decision making, which is too often perceived by students as an artificial set of skills used only in academia and not in the real world. Instead, Stanovich shows how good decision-making procedures support rational behavior that enables people to act most efficiently to fulfill their goals. He explains how the concept of rationality is understood in cognitive science in terms of good decision making and judgment. Books in the Fundamentals of Cognition series serve as ideal instructional resources for advanced courses in cognitive psychology. They provide an up-to-date, well-organized survey of our current understanding of the major theories of cognitive psychology. The books are concise, which allows instructors to incorporate the latest original research and readings into their courses without overburdening their students. Focused without being too advanced--and comprehensive without being too broad--these books are the perfect resource for both students and instructors.

The Academy of Management Review

The Academy of Management Review
  • Author : Academy of Management
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986-07
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSC:32106008040849
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Summary :

Ethics in Business and Economics

Ethics in Business and Economics
  • Author : Thomas Donaldson,Thomas W. Dunfee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : IND:30000079220723
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Summary :

Counseling Treatment for Children and Adolescents with DSM-IV-TR Disorders

Counseling Treatment for Children and Adolescents with DSM-IV-TR Disorders
  • Author : Robert R. Erk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :477
  • ISBN : UVA:X004707989
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Summary : Designed to give readers a better understanding of children and adolescents who have been diagnosed with an emotional, behavioral, or mental disorder. Disorders are approached from the perspective of the child/adolescent and examined in context; and, each discussion includes practical guidance for assessment and treatment based on the most recent research in the field. To the expertise of the main author are added contributions by several counselor educators, psychologists, and clinicians who directly practice, teach, and focus on key topics addressed in the book. Provides a thorough discussion of the most-commonly diagnosed disorders of children and adolescents, and examines the biological, developmental, and environmental causes of these disorders. Key focus is on psychopathology, DSM-IV, child psychopathology, and child/adolescent counseling. Coverage emphasizes the importance of viewing children and adolescents with DSM-IV-TR disorders within a sound developmental framework. Contains two chapters on treatment planning--one that discusses practical guidelines for planning and one consisting of four case studies. For future counselor educators, psychologists, and clinicians.

An Analysis of the Effects of Moral Education Interventions on the Development of Moral Cognition

An Analysis of the Effects of Moral Education Interventions on the Development of Moral Cognition
  • Author : Chin Heng Yeap
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : MINN:31951P00394371L
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Summary :

Adolescent Development

Adolescent Development
  • Author : James Garbarino
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1985
  • Total pages :665
  • ISBN : UCSC:32106006911405
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Summary :

Human Factors Psychology

Human Factors Psychology
  • Author : Peter A. Hancock
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :433
  • ISBN : MINN:31951000695747A
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Summary :

The Rationality Quotient

The Rationality Quotient
  • Author : Keith E. Stanovich,Richard F. West,Maggie E. Toplak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-30
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9780262034845
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Summary : Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Theoretical underpinnings -- Definitions of rationality in philosophy, cognitive science, and lay discourse -- Rationality, intelligence, and the functional architecture of the mind -- Overcoming miserly processing : detection, override, and mindware -- A framework for the comprehensive assessment of rational thinking (CART) -- The components of rational thought assessed by the CART -- Probabilistic and statistical reasoning -- Scientific reasoning -- Avoidance of miserly information processing : direct tests -- Avoidance of miserly information processing : indirect effects -- Probabilistic numeracy, financial literacy, sensitivity to expected value, and risk knowledge -- Contaminated mindware -- The dispositions and attitudes of rationality -- Comprehensive rational thinking assessment : data and conclusions -- Associations among the subtests : a short-form CART -- Associations among the subtests : the full-form CART -- The CART : context, caveats, and questions -- The social and practical implications of a rational thinking test -- Appendix: Structure and sample items for the subtests and scales of the comprehensive assessment of rational thinking -- References -- Index

Individual Differences in Judgement and Decision-Making

Individual Differences in Judgement and Decision-Making
  • Author : Maggie E. Toplak,Joshua Weller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-10
  • Total pages :221
  • ISBN : 1138640557
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Summary : Children face an overwhelming amount of information and a range of different choices every day, and so there has never been a more important time to understand how children learn to make judgments and decisions in our modern world. Individual Differences in Judgment and Decision-Making presents cutting-edge developmental research to advance our knowledge and understanding of how these competencies emerge. Focusing on the role of individual differences, the text provides a complementary theoretical approach to understanding the development of judgment and decision-making skills, and how and why these competencies vary within and between different periods of development. Sampling a diverse set of developmental paradigms and measures, as well as considering typical and atypically developing samples, this volume provokes thinking about how we can support our children and youth to help them make better choices. Drawing on the expertise of a range of international contributors, this book will be of interest to students and researchers of thinking and reasoning from both cognitive and developmental psychology backgrounds.

The Moral Brain

The Moral Brain
  • Author : Jean Decety,Thalia Wheatley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-20
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9780262028714
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Summary : An overview of the latest interdisciplinary research on human morality, capturing moral sensibility as a sophisticated integration of cognitive, emotional, and motivational mechanisms.