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Combustion of Pulverised Coal in a Mixture of Oxygen and Recycled Flue Gas

Combustion of Pulverised Coal in a Mixture of Oxygen and Recycled Flue Gas
  • Author : Dobrin Toporov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-30
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9780081000045
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Summary : Combustion of Pulverised Coal in a Mixture of Oxygen and Recycled Flue Gas focuses on a niche technology, combustion of coal in an oxygen rich environment, which is one approach to obtaining ‘clean coal,’ by making it easier to capture carbon that is released in the combustion process. Toporov’s book breaks ground on covering the key fundamentals of oxycoal technologies, which have not yet been covered in this depth. Combustion of Pulverised Coal in a Mixture of Oxygen and Recycled Flue Gas summarizes the main results from a pioneering work on experimental and numerical investigations of oxyfuel technologies. It provides the theoretical background of the process, the problems to be faced, and the technical solutions that were achieved during these investigations. Summarizes results from investigations of oxyfuel technologies performed at Aachen University, Germany Provides theoretical background, as well as the primary problems of these technologies and how they can be solved

Oxy-Fuel Combustion for Power Generation and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture

Oxy-Fuel Combustion for Power Generation and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture
  • Author : L Zheng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-02-26
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780857090980
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Summary : Oxy-fuel combustion is currently considered to be one of the major technologies for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in power plants. The advantages of using oxygen (O2) instead of air for combustion include a CO2-enriched flue gas that is ready for sequestration following purification and low NOx emissions. This simple and elegant technology has attracted considerable attention since the late 1990s, rapidly developing from pilot-scale testing to industrial demonstration. Challenges remain, as O2 supply and CO2 capture create significant energy penalties that must be reduced through overall system optimisation and the development of new processes. Oxy-fuel combustion for power generation and carbon dioxide (CO2) capture comprehensively reviews the fundamental principles and development of oxy-fuel combustion in fossil-fuel fired utility boilers. Following a foreword by Professor János M. Beér, the book opens with an overview of oxy-fuel combustion technology and its role in a carbon-constrained environment. Part one introduces oxy-fuel combustion further, with a chapter comparing the economics of oxy-fuel vs. post-/pre-combustion CO2 capture, followed by chapters on plant operation, industrial scale demonstrations, and circulating fluidized bed combustion. Part two critically reviews oxy-fuel combustion fundamentals, such as ignition and flame stability, burner design, emissions and heat transfer characteristics, concluding with chapters on O2 production and CO2 compression and purification technologies. Finally, part three explores advanced concepts and developments, such as near-zero flue gas recycle and high-pressure systems, as well as chemical looping combustion and utilisation of gaseous fuel. With its distinguished editor and internationally renowned contributors, Oxy-fuel combustion for power generation and carbon dioxide (CO2) capture provides a rich resource for power plant designers, operators, and engineers, as well as academics and researchers in the field. Comprehensively reviews the fundamental principles and development of oxy-fuel combustion in fossil-fuel fired utility boilers Provides an overview of oxy-fuel combustion technology and its role in a carbon-constrained environment Introduces oxy-fuel combustion comparing the economics of oxy-fuel vs. post-/pre-combustion CO2 capture

Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion, Second Edition

Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion, Second Edition
  • Author : Charles E. Baukal Jr.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-15
  • Total pages :792
  • ISBN : 9781439862308
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Summary : Combustion technology has traditionally been dominated by air/fuel combustion. However, two developments have increased the significance of oxygen-enhanced combustion—new technologies that produce oxygen less expensively and the increased importance of environmental regulations. Advantages of oxygen-enhanced combustion include less pollutant emissions as well as increased energy efficiency and productivity. Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion, Second Edition compiles information about using oxygen to enhance industrial heating and melting processes. It integrates fundamental principles, applications, and equipment design in one volume, making it a unique resource for specialists implementing the use of oxygen in combustion systems. This second edition of the bestselling book has more than doubled in size. Extensively updated and expanded, it covers significant advances in the technology that have occurred since the publication of the first edition. What’s New in This Edition Expanded from 11 chapters to 30, with most of the existing chapters revised A broader view of oxygen-enhanced combustion, with more than 50 contributors from over 20 organizations around the world More coverage of fundamentals, including fluid flow, heat transfer, noise, flame impingement, CFD modeling, soot formation, burner design, and burner testing New chapters on applications such as flameless combustion, steel reheating, iron production, cement production, power generation, fluidized bed combustion, chemicals and petrochemicals, and diesel engines This book offers a unified, up-to-date look at important commercialized uses of oxygen-enhanced combustion in a wide range of industries. It brings together the latest knowledge to assist those researching, engineering, and implementing combustion in power plants, engines, and other applications.

Optic Diagnostics on Pulverized Coal Particles Combustion Dynamics and Alkali Metal Release Behavior

Optic Diagnostics on Pulverized Coal Particles Combustion Dynamics and Alkali Metal Release Behavior
  • Author : Ye Yuan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-15
  • Total pages :151
  • ISBN : 9789811048135
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Summary : This book focuses on pulverized coal particle devolatilization, ignition, alkali metal release behavior, and burnout temperature using several novel optic diagnostic methods on a Hencken multi-flat flame burner. Firstly, it presents a novel multi-filter technique to detect the CH* signal during coal ignition, which can be used to characterize the volatile release and reaction process. It then offers observations on the prevalent transition from heterogeneous ignition to hetero-homogeneous ignition due to ambient temperature based on visible light signal diagnostics. By utilizing the gap between the excitation energies of the gas and particle phases, a new low-intensity laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (PS-LIBS) is developed to identify the presence of sodium in the particle or gas phase along the combustion process. For the first time, the in-situ verification of the gas phase Na release accompanying coal devolatilization is fulfilled when the ambient temperature is high enough. In fact, particle temperature plays a vital role in the coal burnout process and ash particle formation. The last part of the book uses RGB color pyrometry and the CBK model to study the char particle temperature on a Hencken burner. It offers readers valuable information on the technique of coal ignition and combustion diagnostics as well as coal combustion characteristics.

Non-nuclear Energy Programme 1990-1994

Non-nuclear Energy Programme 1990-1994
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :757
  • ISBN : UVA:X004297196
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Summary : Volume I contains details of 100 projects selected from all four areas. Volume II contains details in the areas: Analysis of strategies and modelling, minimum emission power production from fossil sources, energy utilisation and conservation. Volume III contains details of projects in the area renewable energy sources. Also contains an index of projects and contractors that covers all of the three volumes.

International Conference on Coal, the Environment and Development

International Conference on Coal, the Environment and Development
  • Author : International Conference on Coal, the Environment and Development: Technologies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions (1991, Sydney),International Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :902
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112042082534
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Summary :

Innovation in Materials Science and Emerging Technology

Innovation in Materials Science and Emerging Technology
  • Author : Wen Hsiang Hsieh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-12-08
  • Total pages :630
  • ISBN : 9783038137252
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Summary : This conference covered a wide range of fields in science and engineering innovation and aimed to bring together engineering technology expertise. It offered a great opportunity for professionals from industry, academia and government to discuss research and development, professional practice, business and management in scientific and engineering fields; including currently emerging new research topics in engineering and technological innovation. The conference permitted interdisciplinary collaboration between science and engineering technologists in the academic and industrial fields as well as providing an opportunity for international networking.

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage
  • Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group III.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-12-19
  • Total pages :431
  • ISBN : 9780521866439
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Summary : IPCC Report on sources, capture, transport, and storage of CO2, for researchers, policy-makers and engineers.

Energy Science

Energy Science
  • Author : John Andrews,Nick Jelley,Nicholas Alfred Jelley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 9780199592371
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Summary : Energy Science: Principles, Technologies, and Impacts enables the reader to evaluate the key sources of energy available to us today on the basis of sound, quantitative understanding. Covering renewable, fossil fuel, and nuclear energy sources, the book relates the science behind these sources to the environmental and socioeconomic issues which surround their use to provide a balanced, objective overview. It also explores the practicalities of energy generation, storage, and transmission, to build a complete picture of energy supply, from wind turbines, nuclear reactors, or hydroelectric dams, to our homes.

Greenhouse and Energy

Greenhouse and Energy
  • Author : Dalway J. Swaine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924062768126
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Summary :

A Research Needs Assessment for the Capture, Utilization, and Disposal of Carbon Dioxide from Fossil Fuel-fired Power Plants

A Research Needs Assessment for the Capture, Utilization, and Disposal of Carbon Dioxide from Fossil Fuel-fired Power Plants
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822020618229
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Summary :

Encyclopedia of Environmental Pollution and Cleanup

Encyclopedia of Environmental Pollution and Cleanup
  • Author : Robert A. Meyers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-04-05
  • Total pages :1890
  • ISBN : UOM:49015003042117
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Summary : This condensed version of the eight volume "Encyclopedia of Environmental Analysis and Remediation" provides a convenient source of information on environmental hazards and the methods that can be employed to detect and repair them.

Handbook of Industrial Hydrocarbon Processes

Handbook of Industrial Hydrocarbon Processes
  • Author : James G. Speight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-24
  • Total pages :602
  • ISBN : 0080942717
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Summary : Written by an author with over 38 years of experience in the chemical and petrochemical process industry, this handbook will present an analysis of the process steps used to produce industrial hydrocarbons from various raw materials. It is the first book to offer a thorough analysis of external factors effecting production such as: cost, availability and environmental legislation. An A-Z list of raw materials and their properties are presented along with a commentary regarding their cost and availability. Specific processing operations described in the book include: distillation, thermal cracking and coking, catalytic methods, hydroprocesses, thermal and catalytic reforming, isomerization, alkylation processes, polymerization processes, solvent processes, water removal, fractionation and acid gas removal. Flow diagrams and descriptions of more than 250 leading-edge process technologies An analysis of chemical reactions and process steps that are required to produce chemicals from various raw materials Properties, availability and environmental impact of various raw materials used in hydrocarbon processing

Global Change Scaler

Global Change Scaler
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993-02
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : PSU:000049418590
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Summary :

Progress in Gas Turbine Performance

Progress in Gas Turbine Performance
  • Author : Ernesto Benini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-19
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9789535111665
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Summary : There has been a remarkable difference in the research and development regarding gas turbine technology for transportation and power generation. The former remains substantially florid and unaltered with respect to the past as the superiority of air-breathing engines compared to other technologies is by far immense. On the other hand, the world of gas turbines (GTs) for power generation is indeed characterized by completely different scenarios in so far as new challenges are coming up in the latest energy trends, where both a reduction in the use of carbon-based fuels and the raising up of renewables are becoming more and more important factors. While being considered a key technology for base-load operations for many years, modern stationary gas turbines are in fact facing the challenge to balance electricity from variable renewables with that from flexible conventional power plants. The book intends in fact to provide an updated picture as well as a perspective view of some of the abovementioned issues that characterize GT technology in the two different applications: aircraft propulsion and stationary power generation. Therefore, the target audience for it involves design, analyst, materials and maintenance engineers. Also manufacturers, researchers and scientists will benefit from the timely and accurate information provided in this volume. The book is organized into three main sections including 10 chapters overall: (i) Gas Turbine and Component Performance, (ii) Gas Turbine Combustion and (iii) Fault Detection in Systems and Materials.

Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion

Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion
  • Author : Charles E. Baukal, Jr.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-12
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 1420050257
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Summary : Combustion technology has traditionally been dominated by air/fuel combustion. However, two developments have increased the significance of oxygen-enhanced combustion - new technology producing oxygen less expensively and the increased importance of environmental regulations. Advantages of oxygen-enhanced combustion include numerous environmental benefits as well as increased energy efficiency and productivity. The text compiles information about using oxygen to enhance high temperature industrial heating and melting processes - serving as a unique resource for specialists implementing the use of oxygen in combustion systems; combustion equipment and industrial gas suppliers; researchers; funding agencies for advanced combustion technologies; and agencies developing regulations for safe, efficient, and environmentally friendly combustion systems. Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion: Examines the fundamentals of using oxygen in combustion, pollutant emissions, oxygen production, and heat transfer Describes ferrous and nonferrous metals, glass, and incineration Discusses equipment, safety, design, and fuels Assesses recent trends including stricter environmental regulations, lower-cost methods of producing oxygen, improved burner designs, and increasing fuel costs Emphasizing applications and basic principles, this book will act as the primary resource for mechanical, chemical, aerospace, and environmental engineers and scientists; physical chemists; fuel technologists; fluid dynamists; and combustion design engineers. Topics include: General benefits Economics Potential problems Pollutant emissions Oxygen production Adsorption Air separation Heat transfer Ferrous metals Melting and refining processes Nonferrous metals Minerals Glass furnaces Incineration Safety Handling and storage Equipment design Flow controls Fuels

Earth

Earth
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822009531898
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Summary :

Developments in Combustion Technology

Developments in Combustion Technology
  • Author : Konstantinos Kyprianidis,Jan Skvaril
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-05
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9789535126683
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Summary : Over the past few decades, exciting developments have taken place in the field of combustion technology. The present edited volume intends to cover recent developments and provide a broad perspective of the key challenges that characterize the field. The target audience for this book includes engineers involved in combustion system design, operational planning and maintenance. Manufacturers and combustion technology researchers will also benefit from the timely and accurate information provided in this work. The volume is organized into five main sections comprising 15 chapters overall: - Coal and Biofuel Combustion - Waste Combustion - Combustion and Biofuels in Reciprocating Engines - Chemical Looping and Catalysis - Fundamental and Emerging Topics in Combustion Technology

Environmental Challenges and Greenhouse Gas Control for Fossil Fuel Utilization in the 21st Century

Environmental Challenges and Greenhouse Gas Control for Fossil Fuel Utilization in the 21st Century
  • Author : M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer,Chunshan Song,Yee Soong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-08-31
  • Total pages :447
  • ISBN : 0306473364
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Summary : As we are moving ahead into the 21st century, our hunger for cost effective and environmentally friendly energy continues to grow. The Energy Information Administration of US has forecasted that only in the first two decades of the 21st century, our energy demand will increase by 60% compared to the levels at the end of the 20th century. Fossil fuels have been traditionally the major primary energy sources worldwide, and their role is expected to continue growing for the forecasted period, due to their inherent cost competitiveness compared to non-fossil fuel energy sources. However, the current fossil energy scenario is undergoing significant transformations, especially to accommodate increasingly stringent environmental challenges of contaminants like sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides or mercury, while still providing affordable energy. Furthermore, traditional fossil fuel utilization is inherently plagued with greenhouse gas emissions from combustion, especially carbon dioxide from stationary sources as well as from mobile sources. Should worldwide government policies dictate a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, such as proposed by the Kyoto Protocol and the implementation of carbon taxes, fossil fuels would lose their significant competitive appeal in favor of nuclear energy and renewable energy sources. However, the current non-fossil fuel energy share of the worldwide energy market is merely below 15%, and therefore, it is more likely that fossil fuel energy producers would adapt to the new requirements by developing and implementing emission control technologies, and emission trades among other strategies.

Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies

Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies
  • Author : Nick Syred,Artem Khalatov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-16
  • Total pages :471
  • ISBN : 9781402065156
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Summary : Here readers will find a summary of proceedings at a highly important NATO workshop. The ARW Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies: Environmental Protection and Pollution Reductions, was held in Kiev, May 2006. The workshop was co-directed by Profs. N. Syred and A.Khalatov, winners of the NATO Scientific Prize 2002, and was organized by the Institute of Thermophysics (Ukraine) and Cardiff University, UK. The primary workshop objective was to assess the existing knowledge on advanced combustion and aerothermal technologies providing reduced environmental impact.

Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan

Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105029285603
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Summary : Includes abstracts of Kagaku kōgaku, v. 31-