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Competition for Water Resources

Competition for Water Resources
  • Author : Jadwiga R Ziolkowska,Jeffrey M Peterson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-09
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : 9780128032381
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Summary : Competition for Water Resources: Experiences and Management Approaches in the U.S. and Europe addresses the escalation of global issues regarding water scarcity and the necessary, cost-effective strategies that must be put in place in order to deal with escalating water crisis. The book evaluates use and competition for water resources in the U.S. and Europe, emphasizing the problems and challenges of dealing with tradeoffs in water. In addition, the book discusses water management strategies that can be used to optimize water use and allocation, mitigate water scarcity, and adapt to water scarcity. Supplementing the numerous case studies, the book includes lessons learned from applying specific strategies and approaches. This comprehensive overview and comparison of management practices across two continents is an invaluable resource for researchers, policymakers, and educators in water. Provides a national and regional perspective through the use of country specific case study examples Includes a comparative analysis between the U.S. and Europe, illustrating experiences in water management from two sides of the Atlantic Covers interdisciplinary topics related to water, such as agriculture and energy

The State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture

The State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-17
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781136498879
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Summary : The State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture is FAO's first flagship publication on the global status of land and water resources. It is an 'advocacy' report, to be published every three to five years, and targeted at senior level decision makers in agriculture as well as in other sectors. SOLAW is aimed at sensitizing its target audience on the status of land resources at global and regional levels and FAO's viewpoint on appropriate recommendations for policy formulation. SOLAW focuses on these key dimensions of analysis: (i) quantity, quality of land and water resources, (ii) the rate of use and sustainable management of these resources in the context of relevant socio-economic driving factors and concerns, including food security and poverty, and climate change. This is the first time that a global, baseline status report on land and water resources has been made. It is based on several global spatial databases (e.g. land suitability for agriculture, land use and management, land and water degradation and depletion) for which FAO is the world-recognized data source. Topical and emerging issues on land and water are dealt with in an integrated rather than sectoral manner. The implications of the status and trends are used to advocate remedial interventions which are tailored to major farming systems within different geographic regions.

Legal Rights for Rivers

Legal Rights for Rivers
  • Author : Erin O'Donnell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-17
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 9780429889608
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Summary : In 2017 four rivers in Aotearoa New Zealand, India, and Colombia were given the status of legal persons, and there was a recent attempt to extend these rights to the Colorado River in the USA. Understanding the implications of creating legal rights for rivers is an urgent challenge for both water resource management and environmental law. Giving rivers legal rights means the law can see rivers as legal persons, thus creating new legal rights which can then be enforced. When rivers are legally people, does that encourage collaboration and partnership between humans and rivers, or establish rivers as another competitor for scarce resources? To assess what it means to give rivers legal rights and legal personality, this book examines the form and function of environmental water managers (EWMs). These organisations have legal personality, and have been active in water resource management for over two decades. EWMs operate by acquiring water rights from irrigators in rivers where there is insufficient water to maintain ecological health. EWMs can compete with farmers for access to water, but they can also strengthen collaboration between traditionally divergent users of the aquatic environment, such as environmentalists, recreational fishers, hunters, farmers, and hydropower. This book explores how EWMs use the opportunities created by giving nature legal rights, such as the ability to participate in markets, enter contracts, hold property, and enforce those rights in court. However, examination of the EWMs unearths a crucial and unexpected paradox: giving legal rights to nature may increase its legal power, but in doing so it can weaken community support for protecting the environment in the first place. The book develops a new conceptual framework to identify the multiple constructions of the environment in law, and how these constructions can interact to generate these unexpected outcomes. It explores EWMs in the USA and Australia as examples, and assesses the implications of creating legal rights for rivers for water governance. Lessons from the EWMs, as well as early lessons from the new ‘river persons,’ show how to use the law to improve river protection and how to begin to mitigate the problems of the paradox.

Comprehensive Water Resources Management

Comprehensive Water Resources Management
  • Author : Peter Rogers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :18
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Regional Management of Water Resources

Regional Management of Water Resources
  • Author : International Association of Hydrological Sciences. Scientific Assembly
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 1901502511
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Summary :

Negotiating for Water Resources

Negotiating for Water Resources
  • Author : Andrea Haefner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-04
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9781317213956
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Summary : Over 90 per cent of the world population lives in countries that share a river basin with others. Freshwater resources are scarce and different nations, actors and users compete for limited resources in transboundary river basins; often conflicting with each other. Water is a resource with no substitute: it cannot be secured in sufficiently large quantities through long-distance trade deals; and, due to the interconnectivity of the hydrological system, the actions of one country in its water management have a direct bearing on the interests of neighbouring countries. For instance, in the Mekong River Basin, current hydropower and navigation developments in certain countries impact on traditional sources of income such as fisheries, and rice production in others. These kinds of changes in water use have given rise to conflict between countries in that region and others, but have also led, in some cases, to greater cooperation. The past few decades have seen a number of new agreements about the sharing of river resources and cooperation between riparian states. Negotiating for Water Resources explores the drivers of conflict and cooperation between states in transnational river basins. Drawing on extensive fieldwork and interviews on the Mekong, Danube and La Plata River Basins, the book provides a three level analysis across three case studies, including the regional framework (EU, ASEAN and Mercosur), the River Basin Organisations (ICPDR, MRC and CIC) and the micro-level. The key question of the book is: To what extent do power asymmetries prevent or inhibit cooperation between riparian states over water resources? This is linked to the question of how institutions contribute to mitigate competition for natural resources and how states interact in a multilateral arena. Overall, the book argues that cooperation in transboundary river basins is possible even where there are asymmetric power relations, challenging realist assumptions about competition and conflict over resources.

OECD Studies on Water Water Resources Allocation Sharing Risks and Opportunities

OECD Studies on Water Water Resources Allocation Sharing Risks and Opportunities
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-13
  • Total pages :144
  • ISBN : 9789264229631
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Summary : Capturing information from 27 OECD countries and key partner economies, the report presents key findings from the OECD Survey of Water Resources Allocation and case studies of successful allocation reform.

Institutions for integrated water-resources management in river basins: A synthesis of IWMI research

Institutions for integrated water-resources management in river basins: A synthesis of IWMI research
  • Author : Kurian, Mathew
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :18
  • ISBN : 9789290905653
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Summary : In recent years Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has gained widespread support in policy circles. Integrated management poses the challenges of coordinating the use of both natural systems (characterized by multiple land uses) and social systems (characterized by competing end uses of natural resources). Viewed in the context of geohydrological boundaries shaped by river basins, IWRM can place enormous demands on institutions to synchronize the use of natural and social systems to produce optimum results in the form of lower levels of resource conflicts, reduced deforestation and soil erosion in catchment areas and improved livelihoods of the rural populations. Research by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) on IWRM institutions carried out in a diversity of biophysical and socioeconomic settings around the world contributes towards understanding the complexities of naturalresource use in river basins. Water-accounting indicators allow us to visualize seasonal water balance in a river basin while appreciating the historical process of economic development that allows for a particular trajectory of institutional evolution. More recently, IWMI research has highlighted some equity concerns inherent in discussions surrounding Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM). In this context studies have highlighted the influence of poverty, market development and community organizations for enhanced provision of irrigation services.

OECD Studies on Water Pricing Water Resources and Water and Sanitation Services

OECD Studies on Water Pricing Water Resources and Water and Sanitation Services
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-15
  • Total pages :104
  • ISBN : 9789264083608
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Summary : This report compiles reliable and comparable data on pricing water and on water supply and sanitation services across OECD countries.

Report of the President's Water Resources Policy Commission

Report of the President's Water Resources Policy Commission
  • Author : United States. Water Resources Policy Commission
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1950
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : WISC:89090522186
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Summary :

Stakeholder-oriented Valuation to Support Water Resources Management Processes

Stakeholder-oriented Valuation to Support Water Resources Management Processes
  • Author : Leon Hermans
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :75
  • ISBN : 9251054770
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Summary : Today, raising capacity in water resources management entails supporting stakeholders and decision-makers to reach a common understanding on the priorities and necessary arrangements for sharing and allocating water-related goods and services. Valuation is central to this process, as setting priorities and making choices implies valuing certain uses and arrangements above others. Water valuation can help stakeholders to express the values that water-related goods and services represent to them. It also offers a means for conflict resolution and planning, informing stakeholders, supporting communication, and facilitating joint decision-making on priorities and specific actions. This report confronts concepts from the literature on water valuation with practical experiences from three local cases where an effort was made to embed existing valuation tools and methods in ongoing water resources management processes. It uses the lessons from this exploration to provide a first outline for a stakeholder-oriented water valuation process. This is expected to provide a useful starting point to help water professionals and policy-makers improve the use of water valuation as a means to support participatory processes of water resources management.

Institutional analysis of integrated water resources management in river basins: A methodology paper

Institutional analysis of integrated water resources management in river basins: A methodology paper
  • Author : Kurian, Mathew
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :16
  • ISBN : 9789290905677
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Summary : Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has in recent years captured the attention of policy makers and policy analysts. A lot has been written on this topic, most often disparately, about institutions for IWRM. However, there has been limited success in bridging disciplinaryboundaries (social versus physical sciences) with the result that conceptual inconsistencies persist with regard to our understanding of institutions for IWRM. This paper outlines key features of an analytical framework for the institutional analysis of IWRM in river basins. Thenovelties of the analytical approach include emphasis on transparent policy processes of state parastatals, modes of water-service provisioning and conditions for collective action in the management of common pool resources in river basins and its implications for sustainable rurallivelihoods. The paper then discusses certain methodological concerns with regard to the operationalizing of various elements of the analytical framework. In particular, the paper discusses issues related to defining the scope of analysis, scale of water use and management and collective action for the management of common pool resources in a river basin. The paper also discusses the process by which the comparative analysis of IWRM may be undertaken by highlighting the importance of problem specification, hypothesis generation and methods of data collection.

Institutions for integrated water-resources management in river basins: An analytical framework

Institutions for integrated water-resources management in river basins: An analytical framework
  • Author : Kurian, Mathew
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :19
  • ISBN : 9789290905660
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Summary : In recent years, Integrated Water-Resources Management (IWRM) has captured the attention of policymakers and policy analysts. A lot has been written, most often in a disparate way about institutions for IWRM. However, there has been limited success in bridging disciplinary boundaries (social versus physical sciences) with the result that conceptual inconsistencies persist with regard to our understanding of institutions for IWRM. This paper reviews IWMI research on IWRM in Asia and highlights drawbacks in contemporary approaches to the study of institutions for IWRM in river basins. The paper then outlines key features of an alternative analytical framework. In doing so, it discusses certain novel features of the alternative approach: emphasis on transparent policy processes of State parastatals, modes of water-service provisioning and conditions for collective action in the management of common-pool resources in river basins and its implications for sustainable rural livelihoods.

Practices of Irrigation & On-farm Water Management:

Practices of Irrigation & On-farm Water Management:
  • Author : Hossain Ali
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-11
  • Total pages :546
  • ISBN : 144197637X
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Summary : The comprehensive and compact presentation in this book is the perfect format for a resource/textbook for undergraduate students in the areas of Agricultural Engineering, Biological Systems Engineering, Bio-Science Engineering, Water Resource Engineering, and Civil & Environmental Engineering. This book will also serve as a reference manual for researchers and extension workers in such diverse fields as agricultural engineering, agronomy, ecology, hydrology, and meteorology.

Chinese Research Perspectives on the Environment

Chinese Research Perspectives on the Environment
  • Author : Jianqiang Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-29
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9789004324602
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Summary : Chinese Research Perspectives on the Environment 2014 features soundly researched articles on recent developments in China in water and air pollution and their health impact, environmental NGOs, environmental legislation and species protection, and the environmental consequences of poor urban planning.

Water Resources in the Twenty-First Century

Water Resources in the Twenty-First Century
  • Author : Rosegrant, Mark W.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-03-01
  • Total pages :32
  • ISBN : 9780896296275
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Summary : In this paper, Mark W. Rosegrant assesses global water supply and demand, describes in detail the forces contributing to water scarcity, and lays out a number of strategies for managing water in the future. Any solution, Rosegrant asserts, will need to involve both the careful exploitation of new sources of water and strong measures to stimulate more efficient use of water. Policies must treat water not as a free good, as they often do now, but rather as a scarce commodity that comes at a price. Cooperation between countries sharing the same water basin will also become increasingly important as water becomes more scarce.

Competition and Economic Regulation in Water

Competition and Economic Regulation in Water
  • Author : T. Ballance,A. Taylor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-02-01
  • Total pages :156
  • ISBN : 9781843390497
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Summary : Competition and Economic Regulation in Water: The Future of the European Water Industry reviews the main developments in economic regulation and competition in the European water industry and considers ways in which economic regulation and competition should be further developed. The book focusses on the best means of regulating or introducing competition into the industry in light of its present structure. Competition and Regulation in Water: The Future of the European Water Industry concentrates on the water industry, however, many of the conclusions are equally applicable also to the wastewater industry. Contents Introduction Water industry fundamentals: the rationale for regulation and the scope for competition A framework for evaluating different models of water industry regulation England & Wales: private ownership and independent regulation France: competition for the market and contract-based regulation Germany: public-private partnerships and multi-sector utilities Developing water sector regulatory frameworks in less developed countries Appendix: The legislative framework for the water industry in England & Wales

Safe Drinking Water

Safe Drinking Water
  • Author : United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Drinking Water Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015041378764
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Summary :

Energy’s Water Demand: Trends, Vulnerabilities, and Management

Energy’s Water Demand: Trends, Vulnerabilities, and Management
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781437944365
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Summary :

Economic Valuation of Water Resources in Agriculture

Economic Valuation of Water Resources in Agriculture
  • Author : R. Kerry Turner,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,Stavros Georgiou,Rebecca Clark,Roy Brouwer,Jacob J. Burke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :187
  • ISBN : 9251051909
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Summary : The purpose of this report is to produce a review on water resource valuation issues and techniques specifically for the appraisal and negotiation of raw (as opposed to bulk or retail) water resource allocation for agricultural development projects. The review considers raw water in naturally occurring watercourses, lakes, wetlands, soil and aquifers, taking an ecosystem function perspective at a catchment scale, and takes account of the demands from irrigated and rainfed agriculture. It is hoped that the review will have particular application to developing countries where agreed methods for reconciling competing uses are often absent, but nevertheless takes account of valuation approaches that have been made in post industrial economies.

Wastewater reuse in agriculture in Vietnam: Water management, environment and human health aspects. Proceedings of a workshop held in Hanoi, Vietnam, 14 March 2001

Wastewater reuse in agriculture in Vietnam: Water management, environment and human health aspects. Proceedings of a workshop held in Hanoi, Vietnam, 14 March 2001
  • Author : Raschid-Sally,, L.van der Hoek, ,W.Ranawaka, M.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :48
  • ISBN : 9789290904601
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Summary : This working paper contains the proceedings of the workshop that was organized on 14 March 2001 in Hanoi, gathering experts from the various disciplines such as health, environment,water resources management, irrigation, agriculture, soil sciences, water quality, etc. to discuss the findings of 16 papers on different aspects of wastewater reuse. The proceedings of this workshop are presented here in summary form, which we hope will provide a bird's-eye view of the current knowledge in Vietnam on this subject to a wide spectrum of interested persons.