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An Introduction to Complex Systems

An Introduction to Complex Systems
  • Author : Joe Tranquillo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-13
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 9783030025892
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Summary : This book explores the interdisciplinary field of complex systems theory. By the end of the book, readers will be able to understand terminology that is used in complex systems and how they are related to one another; see the patterns of complex systems in practical examples; map current topics, in a variety of fields, to complexity theory; and be able to read more advanced literature in the field. The book begins with basic systems concepts and moves on to how these simple rules can lead to complex behavior. The author then introduces non-linear systems, followed by pattern formation, and networks and information flow in systems. Later chapters cover the thermodynamics of complex systems, dynamical patterns that arise in networks, and how game theory can serve as a framework for decision making. The text is interspersed with both philosophical and quantitative arguments, and each chapter ends with questions and prompts that help readers make more connections.

Untangling Complex Systems

Untangling Complex Systems
  • Author : Pier Luigi Gentili
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9780429847547
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Summary : Complex Systems are natural systems that science is unable to describe exhaustively. Examples of Complex Systems are both unicellular and multicellular living beings; human brains; human immune systems; ecosystems; human societies; the global economy; the climate and geology of our planet. This book is an account of a marvelous interdisciplinary journey the author made to understand properties of the Complex Systems. He has undertaken his trip, equipped with the fundamental principles of physical chemistry, in particular, the Second Law of Thermodynamics that describes the spontaneous evolution of our universe, and the tools of Non-linear dynamics. By dealing with many disciplines, in particular, chemistry, biology, physics, economy, and philosophy, the author demonstrates that Complex Systems are intertwined networks, working in out-of-equilibrium conditions, which exhibit emergent properties, such as self-organization phenomena and chaotic behaviors in time and space.

What Is a Complex System?

What Is a Complex System?
  • Author : James Ladyman,Karoline Wiesner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-05
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780300256130
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Summary : A clear, concise introduction to the quickly growing field of complexity science that explains its conceptual and mathematical foundations What is a complex system? Although “complexity science” is used to understand phenomena as diverse as the behavior of honeybees, the economic markets, the human brain, and the climate, there is no agreement about its foundations. In this introduction for students, academics, and general readers, philosopher of science James Ladyman and physicist Karoline Wiesner develop an account of complexity that brings the different concepts and mathematical measures applied to complex systems into a single framework. They introduce the different features of complex systems, discuss different conceptions of complexity, and develop their own account. They explain why complexity science is so important in today’s world.

Philosophy of Complex Systems

Philosophy of Complex Systems
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-05-23
  • Total pages :952
  • ISBN : 0080931227
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Summary : The domain of nonlinear dynamical systems and its mathematical underpinnings has been developing exponentially for a century, the last 35 years seeing an outpouring of new ideas and applications and a concomitant confluence with ideas of complex systems and their applications from irreversible thermodynamics. A few examples are in meteorology, ecological dynamics, and social and economic dynamics. These new ideas have profound implications for our understanding and practice in domains involving complexity, predictability and determinism, equilibrium, control, planning, individuality, responsibility and so on. Our intention is to draw together in this volume, we believe for the first time, a comprehensive picture of the manifold philosophically interesting impacts of recent developments in understanding nonlinear systems and the unique aspects of their complexity. The book will focus specifically on the philosophical concepts, principles, judgments and problems distinctly raised by work in the domain of complex nonlinear dynamical systems, especially in recent years. -Comprehensive coverage of all main theories in the philosophy of Complex Systems -Clearly written expositions of fundamental ideas and concepts -Definitive discussions by leading researchers in the field -Summaries of leading-edge research in related fields are also included

Complex Systems in Sport

Complex Systems in Sport
  • Author : Keith Davids,Robert Hristovski,Duarte Araújo,Natalia Balague Serre,Chris Button,Pedro Passos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-20
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9781136482151
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Summary : Complex systems in nature are those with many interacting parts, all capable of influencing global system outcomes. There is a growing body of research that has modeled sport performance from a complexity sciences perspective, studying the behavior of individual athletes and sports teams as emergent phenomena which self-organise under interacting constraints. This book is the first to bring together experts studying complex systems in the context of sport from across the world to collate core theoretical ideas, current methodologies and existing data into one comprehensive resource. It offers new methods of analysis for investigating representative complex sport movements and actions at an individual and team level, exploring the application of methodologies from the complexity sciences in the context of sports performance and the organization of sport practice. Complex Systems in Sport is important reading for any advanced student or researcher working in sport and exercise science, sports coaching, kinesiology or human movement.

Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems

Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems
  • Author : Robert B. Northrop
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-10
  • Total pages :551
  • ISBN : 9781439894989
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Summary : The boundaries between simple and complicated, and complicated and complex system designations are fuzzy and debatable, even using quantitative measures of complexity. However, if you are a biomedical engineer, a biologist, physiologist, economist, politician, stock market speculator, or politician, you have encountered complex systems. Furthermore, your success depends on your ability to successfully interact with and manage a variety of complex systems. In order not to be blindsided by unexpected results, we need a systematic, comprehensive way of analyzing, modeling, and simulating complex systems to predict non-anticipated outcomes. In its engaging first chapters, the book introduces complex systems, Campbell's Law, and the Law of Unintended Consequences, and mathematics necessary for conversations in complex systems. Subsequent chapters illustrate concepts via commonly studied biological mechanisms. The final chapters focus on higher-level complexity problems, and introduce complexity in economic systems. Designed as a reference for biologists and biological engineers, Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems lends itself to use in a classroom course to introduce advanced students studying biomedical engineering, biophysics, or physiology to complex systems. Engaging and illustrative, this book aids scientists and decision makers in managing biological complexity and complex systems.

Dynamics Of Complex Systems

Dynamics Of Complex Systems
  • Author : Yaneer Bar-yam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-04
  • Total pages :864
  • ISBN : 9780429697586
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Summary : This book aims to develop models and modeling techniques that are useful when applied to all complex systems. It adopts both analytic tools and computer simulation. The book is intended for students and researchers with a variety of backgrounds.

Complex Systems

Complex Systems
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-22
  • Total pages :526
  • ISBN : 0080550592
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Summary : There has been recently some interdisciplinary convergence on a number of precise topics which can be considered as prototypes of complex systems. This convergence is best appreciated at the level of the techniques needed to deal with these systems, which include: 1) A domain of research around a multiple point where statistical physics, information theory, algorithmic computer science, and more theoretical (probabilistic) computer science meet: this covers some aspects of error correcting codes, stochastic optimization algorithms, typical case complexity and phase transitions, constraint satisfaction problems. 2) The study of collective behavior of interacting agents, its impact on understanding some types of economical and financial problems, their link to population and epidemics dynamics, game theory, social, biological and computer networks and evolution. The present book is the written version of the lectures given during the Les Houches summer school session on "Complex Systems", devoted to these emerging interdisciplinary fields. The lectures consist both in a number of long methodological courses (probability theory, statistical physics of disordered systems, information theory, network structure and evolution, agent-based economics and numerical methods) and more specific, 'problem oriented' courses. Lecturers are all leading experts in their field; they have summarized recent results in a clear and authoritative manner. The "Les Houches lecture notes" have a long tradition of excellence and are often found to be useful for a number of years after they were written. The book is of interest to students and researchers with various backgrounds: probability theory, computer science, information theory, physics, finance, biology, etc. · Topical and comprehensive survey of the emerging, interdisciplinary field of "Complex Systems", covered by recognized world experts · "Les Houches lectures notes": a long tradition of excellence and long-lasting impact · Of interest to a broad audience (mathematics, physics, biology, informatics, finance, geology, etc.) · Some applications may have concrete impact · Selected topics in complex systems: forefront of research in the field

Modeling and Control of Complex Systems

Modeling and Control of Complex Systems
  • Author : Petros A. Ioannou,Andreas Pitsillides
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-26
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 0849379865
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Summary : Comprehension of complex systems comes from an understanding of not only the behavior of constituent elements but how they act together to form the behavior of the whole. However, given the multidisciplinary nature of complex systems, the scattering of information across different areas creates a chaotic situation for those trying to understand possible solutions and applications. Modeling and Control of Complex Systems brings together a number of research experts to present some of their latest approaches and future research directions in a language accessible to system theorists. Contributors discuss complex systems such as networks for modeling and control of civil structures, vehicles, robots, biomedical systems, fluid flow systems, and home automation systems. Each chapter provides theoretical and methodological descriptions of a specific application in the control of complex systems, including congestion control in computer networks, autonomous multi-robot docking systems, modeling and control in cancer genomics, and backstepping controllers for stabilization of turbulent flow PDEs. With this unique reference, you will discover how complexity is dealt with in different disciplines and learn about the latest methodologies, which are applicable to your own specialty. The balanced mix of theory and simulation presented by Modeling and Control of Complex Systems supplies a strong vehicle for enlarging your knowledge base a fueling future advances and incredible breakthroughs.

Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems

Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems
  • Author : Stefan Thurner,R. A. Hanel,Peter Klimek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :431
  • ISBN : 0191861065
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Summary : Complex systems are everywhere. Ecosystems, financial markets, traffic, the economy, the internet and social media are complex systems. This textbook summarizes our understanding of complex systems and the methodological progress made over the past 20 years in a clear, structured, and comprehensive way.

Control of Complex Systems

Control of Complex Systems
  • Author : Kyriakos Vamvoudakis,Sarangapani Jagannathan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-27
  • Total pages :762
  • ISBN : 9780128054376
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Summary : In the era of cyber-physical systems, the area of control of complex systems has grown to be one of the hardest in terms of algorithmic design techniques and analytical tools. The 23 chapters, written by international specialists in the field, cover a variety of interests within the broader field of learning, adaptation, optimization and networked control. The editors have grouped these into the following 5 sections: “Introduction and Background on Control Theory”, “Adaptive Control and Neuroscience”, “Adaptive Learning Algorithms”, “Cyber-Physical Systems and Cooperative Control”, “Applications”. The diversity of the research presented gives the reader a unique opportunity to explore a comprehensive overview of a field of great interest to control and system theorists. This book is intended for researchers and control engineers in machine learning, adaptive control, optimization and automatic control systems, including Electrical Engineers, Computer Science Engineers, Mechanical Engineers, Aerospace/Automotive Engineers, and Industrial Engineers. It could be used as a text or reference for advanced courses in complex control systems. • Collection of chapters from several well-known professors and researchers that will showcase their recent work • Presents different state-of-the-art control approaches and theory for complex systems • Gives algorithms that take into consideration the presence of modelling uncertainties, the unavailability of the model, the possibility of cooperative/non-cooperative goals and malicious attacks compromising the security of networked teams • Real system examples and figures throughout, make ideas concrete Includes chapters from several well-known professors and researchers that showcases their recent work Presents different state-of-the-art control approaches and theory for complex systems Explores the presence of modelling uncertainties, the unavailability of the model, the possibility of cooperative/non-cooperative goals, and malicious attacks compromising the security of networked teams Serves as a helpful reference for researchers and control engineers working with machine learning, adaptive control, and automatic control systems

Complex Systems Dynamics (volume Ii)

Complex Systems Dynamics (volume Ii)
  • Author : Gerard Weisbuch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-01
  • Total pages :207
  • ISBN : 9780429697555
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Summary : This book provides an accessible introduction to complex systems viewed as networks of automata, using primarily examples drawn from the physics of disordered systems, neural networks, and the origins of life. It is helpful for readers with a university education in science or engineering.

Complex Systems

Complex Systems
  • Author : Terry R. J. Bossomaier,David G. Green
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-07-06
  • Total pages :413
  • ISBN : 0521462452
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Summary : This book, first published in 2000, explores the exciting field of complexity.

Organization Design

Organization Design
  • Author : Nicolay Worren
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-20
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9781351383639
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Summary : A well-designed organization is an effective organization. Decisions about organization design determine the shape and form of the organization – not only the reporting structure and authority relations, but also the number and size of sub-units and the interfaces between the sub-units. Indirectly, such decisions affect individual productivity as well as the organization’s ability to attain strategic goals. Organization Design equips the reader with advanced tools and frameworks, based on both research and practical experience, for understanding and re-designing organizations. Particular emphasis is placed on how one can improve effectiveness by simplifying complex roles, processes, and structures. Readers will find thorough conceptual explanations combined with examples from different industries. This updated second edition includes a new chapter about traditional organizational forms, and is complemented by a companion website. This textbook will be essential reading for students, scholars, and practitioners.

Complexity and Postmodernism

Complexity and Postmodernism
  • Author : Paul Cilliers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-09-11
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9781134743292
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Summary : In Complexity and Postmodernism, Paul Cilliers explores the idea of complexity in the light of contemporary perspectives from philosophy and science. Cilliers offers us a unique approach to understanding complexity and computational theory by integrating postmodern theory (like that of Derrida and Lyotard) into his discussion. Complexity and Postmodernism is an exciting and an original book that should be read by anyone interested in gaining a fresh understanding of complexity, postmodernism and connectionism.

An Introduction to Complex Systems

An Introduction to Complex Systems
  • Author : Paul Fieguth
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-26
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9783319446066
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Summary : This undergraduate text explores a variety of large-scale phenomena - global warming, ice ages, water, poverty - and uses these case studies as a motivation to explore nonlinear dynamics, power-law statistics, and complex systems. Although the detailed mathematical descriptions of these topics can be challenging, the consequences of a system being nonlinear, power-law, or complex are in fact quite accessible. This book blends a tutorial approach to the mathematical aspects of complex systems together with a complementary narrative on the global/ecological/societal implications of such systems. Nearly all engineering undergraduate courses focus on mathematics and systems which are small scale, linear, and Gaussian. Unfortunately there is not a single large-scale ecological or social phenomenon that is scalar, linear, and Gaussian. This book offers students insights to better understand the large-scale problems facing the world and to realize that these cannot be solved by a single, narrow academic field or perspective. Instead, the book seeks to emphasize understanding, concepts, and ideas, in a way that is mathematically rigorous, so that the concepts do not feel vague, but not so technical that the mathematics get in the way. The book is intended for undergraduate students in a technical domain such as engineering, computer science, physics, mathematics, and environmental studies.

Complex Systems: Chaos and Beyond

Complex Systems: Chaos and Beyond
  • Author : Kunihiko Kaneko,Ichiro Tsuda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-28
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : 9783642568619
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Summary : This book, the first in a series on this subject, is the outcome of many years of efforts to give a new all-encompassing approach to complex systems in nature based on chaos theory. While maintaining a high level of rigor, the authors avoid an overly complicated mathematical apparatus, making the book accessible to a wider interdisciplinary readership.

Modeling Complex Systems

Modeling Complex Systems
  • Author : Nino Boccara
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-09
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 1441965629
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Summary : This book illustrates how models of complex systems are built up and provides indispensable mathematical tools for studying their dynamics. This second edition includes more recent research results and many new and improved worked out examples and exercises.

Complex Systems

Complex Systems
  • Author : E. Goles,Servet Martínez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-02-28
  • Total pages :301
  • ISBN : 0792368304
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Summary : This volume contains the courses given at the Sixth Summer School on Complex Systems held at Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas y Maternaticas, Universidad de Chile at Santiago, Chile, from 14th to 18th December 1998. This school was addressed to graduate students and researchers working on areas related with recent trends in Complex Systems, including dynamical systems, cellular automata, complexity and cutoff in Markov chains. Each contribution is devoted to one of these subjects. In some cases they are structured as surveys, presenting at the same time an original point of view and showing mostly new results. The paper of Pierre Arnoux investigates the relation between low complex systems and chaotic systems, showing that they can be put into relation by some re normalization operations. The case of quasi-crystals is fully studied, in particular the Sturmian quasi-crystals. The paper of Franco Bagnoli and Raul Rechtman establishes relations be tween Lyapunov exponents and synchronization processes in cellular automata. The principal goal is to associate tools, usually used in physical problems, to an important problem in cellularautomata and computer science, the synchronization problem. The paper of Jacques Demongeot and colleagues gives a presentation of at tractors of dynamical systems appearing in biological situations. For instance, the relation between positive or negative loops and regulation systems.

Foundations of Complex Systems

Foundations of Complex Systems
  • Author : G. Nicolis,Cathy Nicolis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9789812700438
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Summary : Complexity is emerging as a post-Newtonian paradigm for approaching a large body of phenomena of concern at the crossroads of physical, engineering, environmental, life and human sciences from a unifying point of view. This book outlines the foundations of modern complexity research as it arose from the cross-fertilization of ideas and tools from nonlinear science, statistical physics and numerical simulation. It is shown how these developments lead to an understanding, both qualitative and quantitative, of the complex systems encountered in nature and in everyday experience and, conversely, how natural complexity acts as a source of inspiration for progress at the fundamental level.

Complex Systems and Dependability

Complex Systems and Dependability
  • Author : Wojciech Zamojski,Jacek Mazurkiewicz,Jarosław Sugier,Tomasz Walkowiak,Janusz Kacprzyk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-11
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9783642306624
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Summary : Typical contemporary complex system is a multifaceted amalgamation of technical, information, organization, software and human (users, administrators and management) resources. Complexity of such a system comes not only from its involved technical and organizational structure but mainly from complexity of information processes that must be implemented in the operational environment (data processing, monitoring, management, etc.). In such case traditional methods of reliability analysis focused mainly on technical level are usually insufficient in performance evaluation and more innovative methods of dependability analysis must be applied which are based on multidisciplinary approach to theory, technology and maintenance of systems operating in real (and very often unfriendly) environments. This monograph presents selected new developments in such areas of dependability research as system modelling, tools and methodologies for system analysis, data security, secure system design and specific dependability aspects in specialized technical applications. Many practical cases illustrate the universal rule that complexity and multiplicity of system processes, their concurrency and their reliance on embedded intelligence (human and artificial) significantly impedes construction of strict mathematical models and calls for application of intelligent and soft computing methods.