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Complexity of Seismic Time Series

Complexity of Seismic Time Series
  • Author : Tamaz Chelidze,Filippos Vallianatos,Luciano Telesca
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-21
  • Total pages :546
  • ISBN : 9780128131398
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Summary : Complexity of Seismic Time Series: Measurement and Application applies the tools of nonlinear dynamics to seismic analysis, allowing for the revelation of new details in micro-seismicity, new perspectives in seismic noise, and new tools for prediction of seismic events. The book summarizes both advances and applications in the field, thus meeting the needs of both fundamental and practical seismology. Merging the needs of the classical field and the very modern terms of complexity science, this book covers theory and its application to advanced nonlinear time series tools to investigate Earth’s vibrations, making it a valuable tool for seismologists, hazard managers and engineers. Covers the topic of Earth’s vibrations involving many different aspects of theoretical and observational seismology Identifies applications of advanced nonlinear time series tools for the characterization of these Earth’s signals Merges the needs of geophysics with the applications of complexity theory Describes different methodologies to analyze problems, not only in the context of geosciences, but also those associated with different complex systems across disciplines

Time Series Analysis in Seismology

Time Series Analysis in Seismology
  • Author : Alejandro Ramírez-Rojas,Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti,Elsa Leticia Flores Márquez,Otto Rendón
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-02
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 9780128149027
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Summary : Time Series Analysis in Seismology: Practical Applications provides technical assistance and coverage of available methods to professionals working in the field of seismology. Beginning with a thorough review of open problems in geophysics, including tectonic plate dynamics, localization of solitons, and forecasting, the book goes on to describe the various types of time series or punctual processes obtained from those systems. Additionally, the book describes a variety of methods and techniques relating to seismology and includes a discussion of future developments and improvements. Time Series Analysis in Seismology offers a concise presentation of the most recent advances in the analysis of geophysical data, particularly with regard to seismology, making it a valuable tool for researchers and students working in seismology and geophysics. Presents the necessary tools for time series analysis as it relates to seismology in a compact and consistent manner Includes a discussion of technical resources that can be applied to time series data analysis across multiple disciplines Describes the methods and techniques available for solving problems related to the analysis of complex data sets Provides exercises at the end of each chapter to enhance comprehension

Time Series Analysis in Seismology

Time Series Analysis in Seismology
  • Author : Alejandro Ramírez-Rojas,Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti,Elsa Leticia Flores Márquez,Otto Rendón
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-02
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 9780128149027
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Summary : Time Series Analysis in Seismology: Practical Applications provides technical assistance and coverage of available methods to professionals working in the field of seismology. Beginning with a thorough review of open problems in geophysics, including tectonic plate dynamics, localization of solitons, and forecasting, the book goes on to describe the various types of time series or punctual processes obtained from those systems. Additionally, the book describes a variety of methods and techniques relating to seismology and includes a discussion of future developments and improvements. Time Series Analysis in Seismology offers a concise presentation of the most recent advances in the analysis of geophysical data, particularly with regard to seismology, making it a valuable tool for researchers and students working in seismology and geophysics. Presents the necessary tools for time series analysis as it relates to seismology in a compact and consistent manner Includes a discussion of technical resources that can be applied to time series data analysis across multiple disciplines Describes the methods and techniques available for solving problems related to the analysis of complex data sets Provides exercises at the end of each chapter to enhance comprehension

Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2012

Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2012
  • Author : Thomas Gilbert,Markus Kirkilionis,Gregoire Nicolis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-15
  • Total pages :1096
  • ISBN : 9783319003955
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Summary : The European Conference on Complex Systems, held under the patronage of the Complex Systems Society, is an annual event that has become the leading European conference devoted to complexity science. ECCS'12, its ninth edition, took place in Brussels, during the first week of September 2012. It gathered about 650 scholars representing a wide range of topics relating to complex systems research, with emphasis on interdisciplinary approaches. More specifically, the following tracks were covered: 1. Foundations of Complex Systems 2. Complexity, Information and Computation 3. Prediction, Policy and Planning, Environment 4. Biological Complexity 5. Interacting Populations, Collective Behavior 6. Social Systems, Economics and Finance This book contains a selection of the contributions presented at the conference and its satellite meetings. Its contents reflect the extent, diversity and richness of research areas in the field, both fundamental and applied.

Time Series with Applications to Seismology

Time Series with Applications to Seismology
  • Author : G. R. Dargahi-Noubary
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822026041723
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Summary : In this book the author will present several approaches for modelling and identification of seismic records based on formulations for source and transmission path. This will demonstrate an approach based on a criterion other that statistical goodness of fit. They will provide reasons for the success of the models and methods that are used frequently. This will provide a criterion to decide which models are good for all data sets, not just for the data at hand. Moreover, we will explain the relationships that exist between certain geophysical variables (e.g. corner frequency) and statistical quantities (e.g. zero-crossing) and use that to support our modelling and identification approaches.

Statistical Evaluation and Time Series Analysis of Microseismicity, Mining, and Rock Bursts in a Hard-rock Mine

Statistical Evaluation and Time Series Analysis of Microseismicity, Mining, and Rock Bursts in a Hard-rock Mine
  • Author : Jennifer S. Riefenberg,United States. Bureau of Mines
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :15
  • ISBN : UOM:39015077558222
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Summary :

The Loma Prieta, California, Earthquake of October 17, 1989--main-shock Characteristics

The Loma Prieta, California, Earthquake of October 17, 1989--main-shock Characteristics
  • Author : George A. Havach
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :297
  • ISBN : UCR:31210017341809
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Summary :

Physical Applications of Stationary Time-series with Special Reference to Digital Data Processing of Seismic Signals

Physical Applications of Stationary Time-series with Special Reference to Digital Data Processing of Seismic Signals
  • Author : Enders A. Robinson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1980
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822010505154
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Summary :

Time Series Analysis and Inverse Theory for Geophysicists

Time Series Analysis and Inverse Theory for Geophysicists
  • Author : David Gubbins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-03-18
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781316582930
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Summary : This unique textbook provides the foundation for understanding and applying techniques commonly used in geophysics to process and interpret modern digital data. The geophysicist's toolkit contains a range of techniques which may be divided into two main groups: processing, which concerns time series analysis and is used to separate the signal of interest from background noise; and inversion, which involves generating some map or physical model from the data. These two groups of techniques are normally taught separately, but are here presented together as parts I and II of the book. Part III describes some real applications and includes case studies in seismology, geomagnetism, and gravity. This textbook gives students and practitioners the theoretical background and practical experience, through case studies, computer examples and exercises, to understand and apply new processing methods to modern geophysical datasets. Solutions to the exercises are available on a website at http://publishing.cambridge.org/resources/0521819652

Proceedings - Offshore Technology Conference

Proceedings - Offshore Technology Conference
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UVA:X004052573
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Summary :

Persistence Time Series Analyses

Persistence Time Series Analyses
  • Author : Bruce D. Malamud
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :602
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924083616304
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Summary : This dissertation explores the Quaternary history of a NW Argentina valley, persistence in synthetic self-affine time series, and complexity applied to natural hazards. Chapter one is an introduction. Chapter two examines the Lerma Valley in NW Argentina, today an externally drained basin which in the past was partially closed and contained a large fresh-water lake. Using geologic fieldwork laboratory work, and historical data analysis, we find that the lake was extant 1-50 ky during the period 0.78-0.1 Ma, had a surface area of 800-1300 $\rm km\sp2$ and sedimentation rates of 1-10 m/ky. Modern denudation rates could supply enough sediment from the drainage to account for these rates, and the modern hydrologic regime could fill the lake with water in less than 500 years. Chapter three provides a framework to examine persistence techniques in self-affine time series. By using the Fourier spectral method, a white noise is appropriately filtered so that its power spectral density (S) depends upon frequency (f) according to $S\sim f\sp{-\beta}.$ We examine fractional noises and walks with ${-}3\le\beta\le 5$ and Gaussian and log-normal distributions. The persistence analyses compared include autocorrelation, semivariogram, rescaled-range, Fourier power spectrum, extreme-value, and wavelet power spectrum. The last two are applied for the first time. In chapter four, self-organized critical (SOC) models are compared with actual events. The models have power-law noncumulative frequency-size distributions with exponent about 1.0, and the actual data have exponents 1.3-1.5 (forest-fires) and 2.3-3.3 (landslides). Actual forest fires are compared here for the first time with the forest-fire model; their robustness in one indicator of SOC behavior. Chapter five examines recurrence intervals of floods using power-law statistics applied to partial-duration series and the federally adopted log-Pearson type 3 (LP3) distribution applied to annual series. The great Mississippi River flood of 1993 has a recurrence interval on the order of 100 years using power-law statistics and 1,000 years using LP3. The power-law technique extended to the Colorado River finds hydrologic data are consistent with inferred paleofloods, whereas LP3 analysis gives recurrence intervals that are orders of magnitude longer. If power-law behavior is applicable, then the likelihood of severe floods is much higher.

Abstract Journal in Earthquake Engineering

Abstract Journal in Earthquake Engineering
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112119600051
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Summary :

Computational Seismology

Computational Seismology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105001167480
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Summary :

Earthquakes

Earthquakes
  • Author : Taher Zouaghi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-01
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9789535128854
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Summary : This book is devoted to diverse aspects of earthquake researches, especially to new achievements in seismicity that involves geosciences, assessment, and mitigation. Chapters contain advanced materials of detailed engineering investigations, which can help more clearly appreciate, predict, and manage different earthquake processes. Different research themes for diverse areas in the world are developed here, highlighting new methods of studies that lead to new results and models, which could be helpful for the earthquake risk. The presented and developed themes mainly concern wave's characterization and decomposition, recent seismic activity, assessment-mitigation, and engineering techniques. The book provides the state of the art on recent progress in earthquake engineering and management. The obtained results show a scientific progress that has an international scope and, consequently, should open perspectives to other still unresolved interesting aspects.

Abstracts

Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105017904595
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Summary :

Abstracts, 30th International Geological Congress

Abstracts, 30th International Geological Congress
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CHI:54117303
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Summary :

Seismological Research Letters

Seismological Research Letters
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105132742938
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Summary :

Earth sciences

Earth sciences
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015047529576
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Summary :

Natural Time Analysis: The New View of Time

Natural Time Analysis: The New View of Time
  • Author : Panayiotis Varotsos,Nicholas V. Sarlis,Efthimios S. Skordas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-14
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 9783642164491
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Summary : This book deals with the theory and the applications of a new time domain, termed natural time domain, that has been forwarded by the authors almost a decade ago (P.A. Varotsos, N.V. Sarlis and E.S. Skordas, Practica of Athens Academy 76, 294-321, 2001; Physical Review E 66, 011902, 2002). In particular, it has been found that novel dynamical features hidden behind time series in complex systems can emerge upon analyzing them in this new time domain, which conforms to the desire to reduce uncertainty and extract signal information as much as possible. The analysis in natural time enables the study of the dynamical evolution of a complex system and identifies when the system enters a critical stage. Hence, natural time plays a key role in predicting impending catastrophic events in general. Relevant examples of data analysis in this new time domain have been published during the last decade in a large variety of fields, e.g., Earth Sciences, Biology and Physics. The book explains in detail a series of such examples including the identification of the sudden cardiac death risk in Cardiology, the recognition of electric signals that precede earthquakes, the determination of the time of an impending major mainshock in Seismology, and the analysis of the avalanches of the penetration of magnetic flux into thin films of type II superconductors in Condensed Matter Physics. In general, this book is concerned with the time-series analysis of signals emitted from complex systems by means of the new time domain and provides advanced students and research workers in diverse fields with a sound grounding in the fundamentals of current research work on detecting (long-range) correlations in complex time series. Furthermore, the modern techniques of Statistical Physics in time series analysis, for example Hurst analysis, the detrended fluctuation analysis, the wavelet transform etc., are presented along with their advantages when natural time domain is employed.

Synchronization and Triggering: from Fracture to Earthquake Processes

Synchronization and Triggering: from Fracture to Earthquake Processes
  • Author : Valerio de Rubeis,Zbigniew Czechowski,Roman Teisseyre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-11
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 3642123007
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Summary : Processes of synchronization and interaction play a very special role in different physical problems concerning the dynamics of the Earth’s interior; they are of particular importance in the study of seismic phenomena, and their complexity is strongly affected by the variety of geological structures and inhomogeneities of the medium that hamper the course of these processes and their intensity. The attempt to tackle these problems is a great challenge from experimental, observational and theoretical point of view. We present in this Monograph the theoretical and experimental results achieved in the frame of the European Project “Triggering and synchronization of seismic/ acoustic events by weak external forcing as a sign of approaching the critical point” (INTAS Ref. Nr 05-1000008-7889); in this Project, which was inspired by Professor Tamaz Chelidze, our aim was to give grounds for better understanding and interpretation of dynamical interactive processes of physical ?elds, both found in the laboratory experiments as well as in ?eld observations. One of the leading problems – related to synchronization and interaction of different physical ?elds in fracture processes concerns triggering and initiation of rupture and displa- ments within the Earth interior. From this point of view, the results from laboratory studies on synchronization and interaction and those found and involved in ?eld observations, helped to improve the theoretical background. Reversely, some of the presented new theoretical approaches have served to stimulate laboratory and ?eld studies.

ISCS 2013: Interdisciplinary Symposium on Complex Systems

ISCS 2013: Interdisciplinary Symposium on Complex Systems
  • Author : Ali Sanayei,Ivan Zelinka,Otto E. Rössler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-15
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9783642454387
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Summary : The book you hold in your hands is the outcome of the "ISCS 2013: Interdisciplinary Symposium on Complex Systems" held at the historical capital of Bohemia as a continuation of our series of symposia in the science of complex systems. Prague, one of the most beautiful European cities, has its own beautiful genius loci. Here, a great number of important discoveries were made and many important scientists spent fruitful and creative years to leave unforgettable traces. The perhaps most significant period was the time of Rudolf II who was a great supporter of the art and the science and attracted a great number of prominent minds to Prague. This trend would continue. Tycho Brahe, Niels Henrik Abel, Johannes Kepler, Bernard Bolzano, August Cauchy Christian Doppler, Ernst Mach, Albert Einstein and many others followed developing fundamental mathematical and physical theories or expanding them. Thus in the beginning of the 17th century, Kepler formulated here the first two of his three laws of planetary motion on the basis of Tycho Brahe’s observations. In the 19th century, nowhere differentiable continuous functions (of a fractal character) were constructed here by Bolzano along with a treatise on infinite sets, titled “Paradoxes of Infinity” (1851). Weierstrass would later publish a similar function in 1872. In 1842, Doppler as a professor of mathematics at the Technical University of Prague here first lectured about a physical effect to bear his name later. And the epoch-making physicist Albert Einstein – while being a chaired professor of theoretical physics at the German University of Prague – arrived at the decisive steps of his later finished theory of general relativity during the years 1911–1912. In Prague, also many famous philosophers and writers accomplished their works; for instance, playwright arel ape coined the word "robot" in Prague (“robot” comes from the Czech word “robota” which means “forced labor”).