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Comprehensive Handbook of Iodine

Comprehensive Handbook of Iodine
  • Author : Victor R. Preedy,Gerard N. Burrow,Ronald Ross Watson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-03-17
  • Total pages :1334
  • ISBN : 0080920861
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Summary : Over two billion people worldwide are at risk for the spectrum of disorders known as "The Iodine Deficiency Disorders." 1-10% will suffer cretinism; 5-30% will have some sort of brain damage or neurological impairment and 30-70% will be hypothyroid. The causes of iodine deficiencies can be considered from both simplistic and more complex perspectives: From the leaching of iodine from soil resulting in crops with low iodine content to malnutrition resulting in impaired iodine absorption. Poor dietary diversification and impoverished socio-economic development can also lead to iodine deficiencies. Although it is possible to diagnose and treat deficiencies, there is still an ongoing dialogue regarding the detailed molecular pathology of iodine homeostatis, how hypothyroidism impacts the body tissues, and efficient diagnosis and treatment of the Iodine Deficiency Disorders. This Handbook provides a resource of information on the various pathways and processes based on different countries or diseases. Because there is a constant flow of new information on iodine and related disorders, the goal of this Handbook is to provide a base of scientific information upon which additional knowledge can be applied. Provides important information on one of the most common micro-nutrient deficiencies in the world, the most important "single nutrient-multiple consequences" paradigm today Includes information on iodine-related diseases, including those that are common, preventable and treatable Provides insight from a broad perspective of viewpoints -- from subcellular transports to economic impact

Comprehensive Handbook on Hydrosilylation

Comprehensive Handbook on Hydrosilylation
  • Author : B. Marciniec
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-12-07
  • Total pages :754
  • ISBN : UOM:39015029184531
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Summary : This handbook provides an up-to-date account of hydrosilylation reactions and the directions in which synthetic and mechanistic studies as well as practical applications of these processes are proceeding. The book consists of two parts: the first is descriptive, presenting the catalytic, mechanistic, structural and synthetic aspects of hydrosilylation, as well as its application in organic and organosilicon chemistry. The second part, presented in tabular form sets out encyclopedic information concerning reaction conditions taken from more than 2000 papers and patents in the period 1965 - 1990.

Anti-Aging Therapeutics Volume XIV

Anti-Aging Therapeutics Volume XIV
  • Author : A4m American Academy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-15
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : 9781934715109
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Summary : Proceedings of the American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine's (A4M) Nineteenth World Congress on Anti-Aging Medicine & Regenerative Biomedical Technologies, Spring and Winter Sessions (2011 conference year). Also includes Anti-Aging Clinical Protocols, 2012-2013,

Comprehensive Handbook of Chemical Bond Energies

Comprehensive Handbook of Chemical Bond Energies
  • Author : Yu-Ran Luo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-03-09
  • Total pages :1688
  • ISBN : 9781420007282
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Summary : Understanding the energy it takes to build or break chemical bonds is essential for scientists and engineers in a wide range of innovative fields, including catalysis, nanomaterials, bioengineering, environmental chemistry, and space science. Reflecting the frequent additions and updates of bond dissociation energy (BDE) data throughout the literat

Handbook of Reference Electrodes

Handbook of Reference Electrodes
  • Author : György Inzelt,Andrzej Lewenstam,Fritz Scholz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-16
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9783642361883
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Summary : Reference Electrodes are a crucial part of any electrochemical system, yet an up-to-date and comprehensive handbook is long overdue. Here, an experienced team of electrochemists provides an in-depth source of information and data for the proper choice and construction of reference electrodes. This includes all kinds of applications such as aqueous and non-aqueous solutions, ionic liquids, glass melts, solid electrolyte systems, and membrane electrodes. Advanced technologies such as miniaturized, conducting-polymer-based, screen-printed or disposable reference electrodes are also covered. Essential know-how is clearly presented and illustrated with almost 200 figures.

Handbook of Food Fortification and Health

Handbook of Food Fortification and Health
  • Author : Victor R. Preedy,Rajaventhan Srirajaskanthan,Vinood B. Patel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-04
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781461470762
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Summary : Handbook of Food Fortification and Health: From Concepts to Public Health Applications Volume 1 represents a multidisciplinary approach to food fortification. This book aims to disseminate important material pertaining to the fortification of foods from strategic initiatives to public health applications. Optimal nutritional intake is an essential component of health and wellbeing. Unfortunately situations arise on a local or national scale when nutrient supply or intake is deemed to be suboptimal. As a consequence, ill health occurs affecting individual organs or causing premature death. In terms of public health, malnutrition due to micronutrient deficiency can be quite profound imposing economic and social burdens on individuals and whole communities. This comprehensive text examines the broad spectrum of food fortification in all its manifestations. Coverage includes sections on definitions of fortifications, fortified foods, beverages and nutrients, fortifications with micronutrients, biofortification, impact on individuals, public health concepts and issues, and selective methods and food chemistry. Handbook of Food Fortification and Health: From Concepts to Public Health Applications Volume 1 is an indispensable text designed for nutritionists, dietitians, clinicians and health related professionals.

Handbook of Nutritionally Essential Mineral Elements

Handbook of Nutritionally Essential Mineral Elements
  • Author : Boyd L. O'Dell,Roger A. Sunde
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-03-07
  • Total pages :712
  • ISBN : 0824793129
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Summary : "Offers comprehensive, definitive information on all of the essential mineral elements--focusing on biochemical and physiological processes. Describes in detail the function of the nutritionally necessary elements revealed through the latest techniques in molecular biology as well as traditional research methods."

The Thyroid and Its Diseases

The Thyroid and Its Diseases
  • Author : Markus Luster,Leonidas H. Duntas,Leonard Wartofsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-08
  • Total pages :770
  • ISBN : 9783319721026
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Summary : This book is an up-to-date and comprehensive guide to all the common thyroid disorders that may be seen by internists, endocrinologists, nuclear medicine physicians, and endocrine surgeons. While the fundamentals of thyroid hormone function and regulation in health and disease are well covered, the primary focus is on the clinical approach to thyroid disease, with detailed coverage of both initial diagnosis and management and the role of imaging. Because most endocrine diseases are chronic and lifelong, special emphasis is placed on long-term management and the common pitfalls that may be encountered by the clinician. The editors are internationally acknowledged leaders in the field of thyroid disease and have gathered an outstanding team of authors, all of whom are also highly expert in their respective areas, but who, equally importantly, write in a clear and lucid style. The numerous isotope scan and ultrasonographic images ensure that the book will serve as a valuable reference atlas to which the physician will return again and again.

Organoselenium Chemistry

Organoselenium Chemistry
  • Author : Thomas Wirth
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-09
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 9783527641956
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Summary : Selenium-based methods in synthetic chemistry have developed rapidly over the past years and are now offering highly useful tools for organic synthesis. Filling the gap for a comprehensive handbook and ready reference, this book covers all modern developments within the field, including biochemical aspects. The chemistry chapters are organized according to the different reactivities of various selenium compounds and reagents, with each chapter dealing with a special reaction type. Also includes a table with 77Se NMR shifts to aid in practical problems. From the Contents: * Electrophilic and Nucleophilic Selenium * Selenium Compounds in Radical Reactions * Selenium-Stabilized Carbanions * Selenium Compounds with Valency Higher than Two * Selenocarbonyls * Selenoxide Elimination and [2,3]-Sigmatropic Rearrangement * Selenium Compounds as Ligands and Catalysts * Biological and Biochemical Aspects of Selenium Compounds

Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals

Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals
  • Author : J. J. Kaneko,C. E. Cornelius
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-10
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9781483274171
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Summary : Clinical Biochemistry of Domestic Animals, Second Edition, Volume I, is a major revision of the first edition prompted by the marked expansion of knowledge in the clinical biochemistry of animals. In keeping with this expansion of knowledge, this edition is comprised of two volumes. Chapters on the pancreas, thyroid, and pituitary-adrenal systems have been separated and entirely rewritten. Completely new chapters on muscle metabolism, iron metabolism, blood clotting, and gastrointestinal function have been added. All the chapters of the first edition have been revised with pertinent new information, and many have been completely rewritten. This volume contains 10 chapters and opens with a discussion of carbohydrate metabolism and associated disorders. Separate chapters follow on lipid metabolism, plasma proteins, and porphyrins. Subsequent chapters deal with liver, pancreatic, and thyroid functions; the role of the pituitary and adrenal glands in health and disease; the function of calcium, inorganic phosphorus, and magnesium metabolism in health and disease; and iron metabolism.

Handbook of Fillers

Handbook of Fillers
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-28
  • Total pages :1184
  • ISBN : 9780323898959
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Summary : Covers available fillers and their properties, their effect on filled materials such as mechanical properties, rheology, morphology, flammability, and recycling, and their use in practical applications

Handbook of Radiopharmaceuticals

Handbook of Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Author : Michael J. Welch,Carol S. Redvanly
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-01-17
  • Total pages :862
  • ISBN : 0471495603
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Summary : A comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date reference for the newcomer to radiopharmaceuticals and those already in the field. Radiopharmaceuticals are used to detect and characterise disease processes, or normal biological function, in living cells, animals or humans. Used as tracer molecules, they map the distribution, uptake and metabolism of the molecule in clinical studies, basic research or applied research. The area of radiopharmaceuticals is expanding rapidly. The number of PET centers in the world is increasing at 20% per year, and many drug companies are utilising PET and other forms of radiopharmaceutical imaging to evaluate products. * Readers will find coverage on a number of important topics such as radionuclide production, PET and drug development, and regulations * Explains how to use radiopharmaceuticals for the diagnosis and therapy of cancer and other diseases * The editors and a majority of the contributors are from the United States

Contrast Media

Contrast Media
  • Author : Henrik S. Thomsen,Judith A. W. Webb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-03-23
  • Total pages :254
  • ISBN : 9783540727835
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Summary : In 1994 the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) set up a committee to consider the safety of contrast media used for diagnostic imaging. Subsequently the committee questioned members, reviewed the literature, proposed guidelines and discussed these proposals with participants at the annual symposia of the society. The end result of this work was the successful first edition of this book, published in 2006. This second edition not only updates the previous edition, but also contains some completely new chapters, for example on gadolinium-based contrast agents, meta-analyses in contrast media research and various regulatory issues. Comprehensive consideration is given to the many different safety issues relating to iodinated, MR, ultrasound and barium contrast media. The text includes chapters on both acute and delayed non-renal adverse reactions and on renal adverse reactions. All those questions frequently raised in radiological practice are addressed, and the well-known ESUR guidelines on contrast media are included. This book, presented in a handy, easy to use format, provides an invaluable, unique and unparalleled source of information on the safety issues relating to contrast media.

Handbook of Developmental Neurotoxicology

Handbook of Developmental Neurotoxicology
  • Author : William Slikker, Jr.,Merle G. Paule,Cheng Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-04
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128093948
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Summary : Handbook of Developmental Neurotoxicology, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive view of the fundamental aspects of neurodevelopment, the pathways and agents that affect them, relevant clinical syndromes, and risk assessment procedures for developmental neurotoxicants. The editors and chapter authors are internationally recognized experts whose collaboration heralds a remarkable advance in the field, bridging developmental neuroscience with the principles of neurotoxicology. The book features eight new chapters with newly recruited authors, making it an essential text for students and professionals in toxicology, neurotoxicology, developmental biology, pharmacology, and neuroscience. Presents a comprehensive, up-to-date resource on developmental neurotoxicology with updated chapters from the first edition Contains new chapters that focus on subjects recent to the field Includes well-illustrated material, with diagrams, charts, and tables Contains compelling case studies and chapters written by world experts

Nutrient Metabolism

Nutrient Metabolism
  • Author : Martin Kohlmeier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-12
  • Total pages :898
  • ISBN : 9780123877888
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Summary : Nutrient Metabolism, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the supply and use of nutrients in the human body and how the body regulates intake. Chapters detail the principles determining digestion and absorption of food ingredients and how these compounds and their metabolites get into the brain, cross the placenta and pass through the kidneys. Each nutrient’s coverage contains a nutritional summary that describes its function, its food sources, dietary requirements, potential health risks if deficient, and impact of excessive intake. This handbook contains the latest information on the scope of structures, processes, genes and cofactors involved in maintaining a healthy balance of nutrient supplies. Of interest to a wide range of professionals because nutrient issues connect to so many audiences, the book contains a useful link to dietary supplements. Latest research findings on health and clinical effects of nutrients and of interventions affecting nutrient supply or metabolism Each nutrient covered contains a nutritional summary describing its function, food sources, dietary requirements, potential health risks if deficient, and impact of excessive intake. Nutrient information immediately accessible--from source to effect--in one volume

High Power Laser Handbook

High Power Laser Handbook
  • Author : Hagop Injeyan,Gregory Goodno
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-05
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 9780071609029
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Summary : The State of the Art in High-Power Laser Technology Filled with full-color images, High-Power Laser Handbook offers comprehensive details on the latest advances in high-power laser development and applications. Performance parameters for each major class of lasers are described. The book covers high-power gas, chemical, and free-electron lasers and then discusses semiconductor diode lasers, along with the associated technologies of packaging, reliability, and beam shaping and delivery. Current research and development in solid-state lasers is described as well as scaling approaches for high CW powers, high pulse energies, and high peak powers. This authoritative work also addresses the emergence of fiber lasers and concludes by reviewing various methods for beam combining. Coverage Includes: Carbon dioxide lasers Excimer lasers Chemical lasers High-power free-electron lasers Semiconductor laser diodes High-power diode laser arrays Introduction to high-power solid-state lasers Zig-zag slab lasers ThinZag high-power laser development Thin disk lasers Heat capacity lasers Ultrafast solid-state lasers Ultrafast lasers in the thin disk geometry The National Ignition Facility laser Optical fiber lasers Pulsed fiber lasers High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems High-power fiber lasers for industry and defense Beam combining

Handbook of In Vivo Chemistry in Mice

Handbook of In Vivo Chemistry in Mice
  • Author : Katsunori Tanaka,Kenward Vong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-25
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9783527344321
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Summary : Provides timely, comprehensive coverage of in vivo chemical reactions within live animals This handbook summarizes the interdisciplinary expertise of both chemists and biologists performing in vivo chemical reactions within live animals. By comparing and contrasting currently available chemical and biological techniques, it serves not just as a collection of the pioneering work done in animal-based studies, but also as a technical guide to help readers decide which tools are suitable and best for their experimental needs. The Handbook of In Vivo Chemistry in Mice: From Lab to Living System introduces readers to general information about live animal experiments and detection methods commonly used for these animal models. It focuses on chemistry-based techniques to develop selective in vivo targeting methodologies, as well as strategies for in vivo chemistry and drug release. Topics include: currently available mouse models; biocompatible fluorophores; radionuclides for radiodiagnosis/radiotherapy; live animal imaging techniques such as positron emission tomography (PET) imaging; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); ultrasound imaging; hybrid imaging; biocompatible chemical reactions; ligand-directed nucleophilic substitution chemistry; biorthogonal prodrug release strategies; and various selective targeting strategies for live animals. -Completely covers current techniques of in vivo chemistry performed in live animals -Describes general information about commonly used live animal experiments and detection methods -Focuses on chemistry-based techniques to develop selective in vivo targeting methodologies, as well as strategies for in vivo chemistry and drug release -Places emphasis on material properties required for the development of appropriate compounds to be used for imaging and therapeutic purposes in preclinical applications Handbook of In Vivo Chemistry in Mice: From Lab to Living System will be of great interest to pharmaceutical chemists, life scientists, and organic chemists. It will also appeal to those working in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries.

Thyroid Disease in Adults

Thyroid Disease in Adults
  • Author : Ernst Nyström,Gertrud E. B. Berg,Svante K.G. Jansson,Ove Torring,Stig V. Valdemarsson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-06
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 3642132626
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Summary : This book is a comprehensive guide to the assessment and management of adults with thyroid disorders in daily clinical practice. All important aspects and disorders are considered. Relevant information on basic anatomy, embryology, immunology, and physiology is included to provide a better basis for understanding the development of disease and its diagnosis and treatment. Currently available biochemical tests and other specific diagnostic tools are also considered in detail. The various common thyroid disorders are then discussed in a series of individual chapters that focus on etiology, pathophysiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, and treatment. Numerous high-quality illustrations and concise fact boxes are included. The authors are all experts with wide experience in three disciplines and a long-standing interest in thyroid disease.

Handbook of Growth and Growth Monitoring in Health and Disease

Handbook of Growth and Growth Monitoring in Health and Disease
  • Author : Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-12-02
  • Total pages :3164
  • ISBN : 9781441917942
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Summary : Growth is one of the human body’s most intricate processes: each body part or region has its own unique growth patterns. Yet at the individual and population levels, growth patterns are sensitive to adverse conditions, genetic predispositions, and environmental changes. And despite the body’s capacity to compensate for these developmental setbacks, the effects may be far-reaching, even life-long. The Handbook of Growth and Growth Monitoring in Health and Disease brings this significant and complex field together in one comprehensive volume: impact of adverse variables on growth patterns; issues at different stages of prenatal development, childhood, and adolescence; aspects of catch-up growth, endocrine regulation, and sexual maturation; screening and assessment methods; and international perspectives. Tables and diagrams, applications to other areas of health and disease, and summary points help make the information easier to retain. Together, these 140 self-contained chapters in 15 sections [ok?] cover every area of human growth, including: Intrauterine growth retardation. Postnatal growth in normal and abnormal situations. Cells and growth of tissues. Sensory growth and development. Effects of disease on growth. Methods and standards for assessment of growth, and more. The Handbook of Growth and Growth Monitoring in Health and Disease is an invaluable addition to the reference libraries of a wide range of health professionals, among them health scientists, physicians, physiologists, nutritionists, dieticians, nurses, public health researchers, epidemiologists, exercise physiologists, and physical therapists. It is also useful to college-level students and faculty in the health disciplines, and to policymakers and health economists.

The Chemistry of Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine and Astatine

The Chemistry of Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine and Astatine
  • Author : A. J. Downs,C. J. Adams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-04
  • Total pages :508
  • ISBN : 9781483158327
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Summary : The Chemistry of Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine and Astatine is a special edition that contains selected sections and addresses the needs of specialists in their respective fields. The text describes the general atomic properties of non-metals, particularly the halogens, as being the perfect series to study, both in physical and chemical terms. The book explains that the combination of the atomic properties implies excellent electronegativity values for the halogen atoms. The text also cites some behavior characteristics of halogens that are irregular, such as chlorine and bromine are similar but differ from fluorine on one side and iodine on the other. The book also compares the general methods of producing chlorine, bromine, or iodine by 1) oxidation of halide derivatives or 2) reduction of compounds of the halogens in positive oxidation states. The text then reviews the application of a complex valence theory that raises difficult questions about the bonding in halogen-oxygen molecules. The book also explains the biological behavior of astatine that accumulates in the liver or in the thyroid gland depending on the method of administration either as a radiocolloid or as a true solution. The book is suitable for molecular biologists and researchers, molecular chemists, and medical researchers.

Dietary Supplements in Health Promotion

Dietary Supplements in Health Promotion
  • Author : Taylor C. Wallace
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-15
  • Total pages :405
  • ISBN : 9781482210354
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Summary : The supplement market continues to grow annually with more than half of the population using these products for reasons spanning from health maintenance to disease prevention and/or treatment. Dietary Supplements in Health Promotion presents clear and concise evidence on how dietary supplements may contribute to maintaining health status. The book provides information on personalized nutrition, nutrient gaps, and postulated benefits of various mainstream dietary supplements such as multivitamins, probiotics, and flavonoids, among others. The book summarizes evidence to date so that health professionals may adequately assess the risks and benefits of popular dietary supplements and dispels some of the less scientifically substantiated hypotheses and claims behind the use of certain supplements. It distills volumes of clinical research, nicely summarizes population based studies, and offers explanation of the biological plausibility regarding effects of these products in maintaining optimal health status With so many opinions and misinformation on the risks and benfits of using dietary supplements, an authoritative book is necessary to advance the accurate knowledge and dissemination of research relating to the many effects of prescribing or utilizing dietary supplements. A balanced review of popular dietary supplement products and their effects on human health, this book gives you practical advice on the appropriate use of dietary supplements, including clinical guidelines on recommendations of supplements, and just as important, when to discourage use of supplements.