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## Computational Logic and Human Thinking

- Author : Robert Kowalski
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2011-07-21
- Total pages :229
- ISBN : 9781139498159

**Summary :** The practical benefits of computational logic need not be limited to mathematics and computing. As this book shows, ordinary people in their everyday lives can profit from the recent advances that have been developed for artificial intelligence. The book draws upon related developments in various fields from philosophy to psychology and law. It pays special attention to the integration of logic with decision theory, and the use of logic to improve the clarity and coherence of communication in natural languages such as English. This book is essential reading for teachers and researchers who may be out of touch with the latest developments in computational logic. It will also be useful in any undergraduate course that teaches practical thinking, problem solving or communication skills. Its informal presentation makes the book accessible to readers from any background, but optional, more formal, chapters are also included for those who are more technically oriented.

## Computational Logic

- Author : Dov M. Gabbay,Jörg H. Siekmann,John Woods
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2014-12-09
- Total pages :736
- ISBN : 9780080930671

**Summary :** Handbook of the History of Logic brings to the development of logic the best in modern techniques of historical and interpretative scholarship. Computational logic was born in the twentieth century and evolved in close symbiosis with the advent of the first electronic computers and the growing importance of computer science, informatics and artificial intelligence. With more than ten thousand people working in research and development of logic and logic-related methods, with several dozen international conferences and several times as many workshops addressing the growing richness and diversity of the field, and with the foundational role and importance these methods now assume in mathematics, computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, linguistics, law and many engineering fields where logic-related techniques are used inter alia to state and settle correctness issues, the field has diversified in ways that even the pure logicians working in the early decades of the twentieth century could have hardly anticipated. Logical calculi, which capture an important aspect of human thought, are now amenable to investigation with mathematical rigour and computational support and fertilized the early dreams of mechanised reasoning: “Calculemus . The Dartmouth Conference in 1956 – generally considered as the birthplace of artificial intelligence – raised explicitly the hopes for the new possibilities that the advent of electronic computing machinery offered: logical statements could now be executed on a machine with all the far-reaching consequences that ultimately led to logic programming, deduction systems for mathematics and engineering, logical design and verification of computer software and hardware, deductive databases and software synthesis as well as logical techniques for analysis in the field of mechanical engineering. This volume covers some of the main subareas of computational logic and its applications. Chapters by leading authorities in the field Provides a forum where philosophers and scientists interact Comprehensive reference source on the history of logic

## Computational Logic

- Author : North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Scientific Affairs Division
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :1999-04-14
- Total pages :444
- ISBN : 3540645896

**Summary :** Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Computational Logic, held in Marktoberdorf, Germany, July 29 - August 10, 1997

## Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems

- Author : Jürgen Dix,João Leite
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2004-12-03
- Total pages :249
- ISBN : 9783540240105

**Summary :** This book constitutes the strictly refereed post-proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Computational Logic for Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA IV, held in Fort Lauderdale, Fl, USA in January 2004. The 11 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited papers were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The papers are devoted to techniques from computational logic for representing, programming, and reasoning about multi-agent systems. The papers are organized in topical sections on negotiation in MAS, planning in MAS, knowledge revision and update in MAS, and learning in BDI MAS.

## Computational Logic

- Author : Dov M. Gabbay,Jörg H. Siekmann,John Woods
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2014-12-09
- Total pages :736
- ISBN : 9780080930671

**Summary :** Handbook of the History of Logic brings to the development of logic the best in modern techniques of historical and interpretative scholarship. Computational logic was born in the twentieth century and evolved in close symbiosis with the advent of the first electronic computers and the growing importance of computer science, informatics and artificial intelligence. With more than ten thousand people working in research and development of logic and logic-related methods, with several dozen international conferences and several times as many workshops addressing the growing richness and diversity of the field, and with the foundational role and importance these methods now assume in mathematics, computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, linguistics, law and many engineering fields where logic-related techniques are used inter alia to state and settle correctness issues, the field has diversified in ways that even the pure logicians working in the early decades of the twentieth century could have hardly anticipated. Logical calculi, which capture an important aspect of human thought, are now amenable to investigation with mathematical rigour and computational support and fertilized the early dreams of mechanised reasoning: “Calculemus . The Dartmouth Conference in 1956 – generally considered as the birthplace of artificial intelligence – raised explicitly the hopes for the new possibilities that the advent of electronic computing machinery offered: logical statements could now be executed on a machine with all the far-reaching consequences that ultimately led to logic programming, deduction systems for mathematics and engineering, logical design and verification of computer software and hardware, deductive databases and software synthesis as well as logical techniques for analysis in the field of mechanical engineering. This volume covers some of the main subareas of computational logic and its applications. Chapters by leading authorities in the field Provides a forum where philosophers and scientists interact Comprehensive reference source on the history of logic

## Computational Logic — CL 2000

- Author : John Lloyd,Veronica Dahl,Ulrich Furbach,Manfred Kerber,Kung-Kiu Lau,Catuscia Palamidessi,Luis M. Pereira,Yehoshua Sagiv,Peter J. Stuckey
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2000-07-17
- Total pages :1382
- ISBN : 9783540677970

**Summary :** These are the proceedings of the First International Conference on Compu- tional Logic (CL 2000) which was held at Imperial College in London from 24th to 28th July, 2000. The theme of the conference covered all aspects of the theory, implementation, and application of computational logic, where computational logic is to be understood broadly as the use of logic in computer science. The conference was collocated with the following events: { 6th International Conference on Rules and Objects in Databases (DOOD 2000) { 10th International Workshop on Logic-based Program Synthesis and Tra- formation (LOPSTR 2000) { 10th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming (ILP 2000). CL 2000 consisted of seven streams: { Program Development (LOPSTR 2000) { Logic Programming: Theory and Extensions { Constraints { Automated Deduction: Putting Theory into Practice { Knowledge Representation and Non-monotonic Reasoning { Database Systems (DOOD 2000) { Logic Programming: Implementations and Applications. The LOPSTR 2000 workshop constituted the program development stream and the DOOD 2000 conference constituted the database systems stream. Each stream had its own chair and program committee, which autonomously selected the papers in the area of the stream. Overall, 176 papers were submitted, of which 86 were selected to be presented at the conference and appear in these proceedings. The acceptance rate was uniform across the streams. In addition, LOPSTR 2000 accepted about 15 extended abstracts to be presented at the conference in the program development stream.

## Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems

- Author : Nils Bulling,Leendert van der Torre,Serena Villata,Wojtek Jamroga,Wamberto Vasconcelos
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2014-07-21
- Total pages :199
- ISBN : 9783319097640

**Summary :** This book constitutes the proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA XV, held in Prague, Czech Republic, in August 2014. The 12 regular papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 20 submissions. The purpose of the CLIMA workshops is to provide a forum for discussing techniques, based on computational logic, for representing, programming and reasoning about agents and multi-agent systems in a formal way. This edition will feature two special sessions: logics for agreement technologies and logics for games, strategic reasoning, and social choice.

## A Computational Logic Handbook

- Author : Robert S. Boyer,J Strother Moore
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2014-05-10
- Total pages :426
- ISBN : 9781483277783

**Summary :** Perspectives in Computing: A Computational Logic Handbook contains a precise description of the logic and a detailed reference guide to the associated mechanical theorem proving system, including a primer for the logic as a functional programming language, an introduction to proofs in the logic, and a primer for the mechanical theorem. The publication first offers information on a primer for the logic, formalization within the logic, and a precise description of the logic. Discussions focus on induction and recursion, quantification, explicit value terms, dealing with features and omissions, elementary mathematical relationships, Boolean operators, and conventional data structures. The text then takes a look at proving theorems in the logic, mechanized proofs in the logic, and an introduction to the system. The text examines the processes involved in using the theorem prover, four classes of rules generated from lemmas, and aborting or interrupting commands. Topics include executable counterparts, toggle, elimination of irrelevancy, heuristic use of equalities, representation of formulas, type sets, and the crucial check points in a proof attempt. The publication is a vital reference for researchers interested in computational logic.

## Computational Logic and Human Thinking

- Author : Robert Kowalski
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2011-07-21
- Total pages :229
- ISBN : 9781139498159

**Summary :** The practical benefits of computational logic need not be limited to mathematics and computing. As this book shows, ordinary people in their everyday lives can profit from the recent advances that have been developed for artificial intelligence. The book draws upon related developments in various fields from philosophy to psychology and law. It pays special attention to the integration of logic with decision theory, and the use of logic to improve the clarity and coherence of communication in natural languages such as English. This book is essential reading for teachers and researchers who may be out of touch with the latest developments in computational logic. It will also be useful in any undergraduate course that teaches practical thinking, problem solving or communication skills. Its informal presentation makes the book accessible to readers from any background, but optional, more formal, chapters are also included for those who are more technically oriented.

## Computational Logic: Logic Programming and Beyond

- Author : Antonis C. Kakas,Robert Kowalski
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2002-07-12
- Total pages :628
- ISBN : 9783540439608

**Summary :** This volume spans the whole field of computational logic seen from the point of view of logic programming. The topics addressed range from issues concerning the development of programming languages in logic and the application of computational logic to real-life problems, to philosophical studies of the field at the other end of the spectrum. The articles presented cover the contributions of computational logic to databases and artificial intelligence with particular emphasis on automated reasoning, reasoning about actions and change, natural languages, and learning. Together with its companion volume, LNAI 2407, this book commemorates the 60th birthday of Bob Kowalski as one of the founders of and contributors to computational logic.

## Computational Logic: Logic Programming and Beyond

- Author : A.C. Kakas,F. Sadri
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2003-08-02
- Total pages :684
- ISBN : 9783540456285

**Summary :** Alan Robinson This set of essays pays tribute to Bob Kowalski on his 60th birthday, an anniversary which gives his friends and colleagues an excuse to celebrate his career as an original thinker, a charismatic communicator, and a forceful intellectual leader. The logic programming community hereby and herein conveys its respect and thanks to him for his pivotal role in creating and fostering the conceptual paradigm which is its raison d’Œtre. The diversity of interests covered here reflects the variety of Bob’s concerns. Read on. It is an intellectual feast. Before you begin, permit me to send him a brief personal, but public, message: Bob, how right you were, and how wrong I was. I should explain. When Bob arrived in Edinburgh in 1967 resolution was as yet fairly new, having taken several years to become at all widely known. Research groups to investigate various aspects of resolution sprang up at several institutions, the one organized by Bernard Meltzer at Edinburgh University being among the first. For the half-dozen years that Bob was a leading member of Bernard’s group, I was a frequent visitor to it, and I saw a lot of him. We had many discussions about logic, computation, and language.

## Intellectics and Computational Logic

- Author : W. Bibel,Steffen Hölldobler
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2000-04-30
- Total pages :386
- ISBN : 0792362616

**Summary :** "Audience: Researchers working in the areas of Intellectics and Computational Logic, who are convinced that an intelligent behavior of machines should be based on a rigid formal treatment of knowledge representation and reasoning."--Jacket.

## Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems

- Author : Michael Fisher,Leon van der Torre,Mehdi Dastani,Guido Governatori
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2012-08-13
- Total pages :228
- ISBN : 9783642328978

**Summary :** This book constitutes the proceedings of the 13th International Workshop on Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA XIII, held in Montpellier, France, in August 2012. The 11 regular papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 27 submissions and presented with three invited papers. The purpose of the CLIMA workshops is to provide a forum for discussing techniques, based on computational logic, for representing, programming and reasoning about agents and multi-agent systems in a formal way.

## A Computational Logic

- Author : Robert S. Boyer,J Strother Moore
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2014-06-25
- Total pages :414
- ISBN : 9781483277882

**Summary :** ACM Monograph Series: A Computational Logic focuses on the use of induction in proving theorems, including the use of lemmas and axioms, free variables, equalities, and generalization. The publication first elaborates on a sketch of the theory and two simple examples, a precise definition of the theory, and correctness of a tautology-checker. Topics include mechanical proofs, informal development, formal specification of the problem, well-founded relations, natural numbers, and literal atoms. The book then examines the use of type information to simplify formulas, use of axioms and lemmas as rewrite rules, and the use of definitions. Topics include nonrecursive functions, computing values, free variables in hypothesis, infinite backwards chaining, infinite looping, computing type sets, and type prescriptions. The manuscript takes a look at rewriting terms and simplifying clauses, eliminating destructors and irrelevance, using equalities, and generalization. Concerns include reasons for eliminating isolated hypotheses, precise statement of the generalization heuristic, restricting generalizations, precise use of equalities, and multiple destructors and infinite looping. The publication is a vital source of data for researchers interested in computational logic.

## Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems

- Author : João Leite,Tran Cao Son,Paolo Torroni,Leon van der Torre,Stefan Woltran
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2013-09-10
- Total pages :391
- ISBN : 9783642406249

**Summary :** This book constitutes the proceedings of the 14th International Workshop on Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA XIV, held in Corunna, Spain, in September 2013. The 23 regular papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 44 submissions and presented with four invited talks. The purpose of the CLIMA workshops is to provide a forum for discussing techniques, based on computational logic, for representing, programming and reasoning about agents and multi-agent systems in a formal way. This edition will feature two special sessions: Argumentation Technologies and Norms and Normative Multi-Agent Systems.

## Computational Logic and Proof Theory

- Author : Georg Gottlob,Alexander Leitsch,Odel, Kurt G., Society Staff
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :1997-08-13
- Total pages :348
- ISBN : 3540633855

**Summary :** This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th Kurt Gödel Colloquium on Computational Logic and Proof Theory, KGC '97, held in Vienna, Austria, in August 1997. The volume presents 20 revised full papers selected from 38 submitted papers. Also included are seven invited contributions by leading experts in the area. The book documents interdisciplinary work done in the area of computer science and mathematical logics by combining research on provability, analysis of proofs, proof search, and complexity.

## Program Development in Computational Logic

- Author : Maurice Bruynooghe,Kung-Kiu Lau
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2004-06-17
- Total pages :539
- ISBN : 9783540221524

**Summary :** 1 The tenth anniversary of the LOPSTR symposium provided the incentive for this volume. LOPSTR started in 1991 as a workshop on logic program synthesis and transformation, but later it broadened its scope to logic-based program development in general, that is, program development in computational logic, and hence the title of this volume. The motivating force behind LOPSTR has been the belief that declarative paradigms such as logic programming are better suited to program development tasks than traditional non-declarative ones such as the imperative paradigm. Speci?cation, synthesis, transformation or specialization, analysis, debugging and veri?cation can all be given logical foundations, thus providing a unifying framework for the whole development process. In the past 10 years or so, such a theoretical framework has indeed begun to emerge. Even tools have been implemented for analysis, veri?cation and speci- ization. However,itisfairtosaythatsofarthefocushaslargelybeenonprogrammi- in-the-small. So the future challenge is to apply or extend these techniques to programming-in-the-large, in order to tackle software engineering in the real world. Returning to this volume, our aim is to present a collection of papers that re?ect signi?cant research e?orts over the past 10 years. These papers cover the wholedevelopmentprocess:speci?cation,synthesis,analysis,transformationand specialization, as well as semantics and systems.

## Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems

- Author : Francesca Toni
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2006-05-03
- Total pages :426
- ISBN : 9783540339960

**Summary :** The sixth edition of CLIMA was held at City University London, UK, on June 27–29, 2005.

## Computational Logic and Set Theory

- Author : Jacob T. Schwartz,Domenico Cantone,Eugenio G. Omodeo
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2011-07-16
- Total pages :416
- ISBN : 0857298089

**Summary :** This must-read text presents the pioneering work of the late Professor Jacob (Jack) T. Schwartz on computational logic and set theory and its application to proof verification techniques, culminating in the ÆtnaNova system, a prototype computer program designed to verify the correctness of mathematical proofs presented in the language of set theory. Topics and features: describes in depth how a specific first-order theory can be exploited to model and carry out reasoning in branches of computer science and mathematics; presents an unique system for automated proof verification in large-scale software systems; integrates important proof-engineering issues, reflecting the goals of large-scale verifiers; includes an appendix showing formalized proofs of ordinals, of various properties of the transitive closure operation, of finite and transfinite induction principles, and of Zorn’s lemma.

## Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems

- Author : Katsumi Inoue,Ken Satoh
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2007-01-12
- Total pages :313
- ISBN : 9783540696186

**Summary :** This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Computational Logic for Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA VII, held in Hakodate, Japan, in May 2006. It was an associated event of AAMAS 2006, the main international conference on autonomous agents and multi-agent systems. The series of workshops presents current work on application of general and declarative theories.

## Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems

- Author : Fariba Sadri
- Publisher :Unknown
- Release Date :2008-10-23
- Total pages :299
- ISBN : 9783540888321

**Summary :** This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Computational Logic for Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA VIII, held in Porto, Portugal, in September 2007 - co-located with ICLP 2008, the International Conference on Logic Programming. The 14 revised full technical papers and 1 system description paper presented together with 1 invited paper were carefully selected from 33 submissions and went through at least two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The regular papers address topics such as interdependencies and co-ordination of task-based planning in multi-agent systems, interval temporal logic, game theoretic concepts for reasoning about rational agents, proof theory for multi-agent epistemic logic, transformational semantics for evolving logic programs (EVOLP), programming languages based on BDI models, agent oriented early requirements engineering framework, heuristic algorithms for agent negotiation, as well as argumentation.