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Computed Radiation Imaging

Computed Radiation Imaging
  • Author : Esam M A Hussein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-01
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9780123877789
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Summary : Computer-assisted imaging with radiation (x- and gamma rays) is an integral part of modern medical-diagnostic practice. This imaging technology is also slowly finding its way into industrial applications. Although the technology is well developed, there is a need for further improvement to enhance image quality, reduce artifacts, minimize patient radiation exposure, compete with and complement other imaging methods (such as magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonics), and accommodate dense and large objects encountered in industrial applications. Scientists and engineers, attempting to progress this technology, are faced with an enormous amount of literature, addressing the imaging problem from various view points. This book provides a single source that addresses both the physical and mathematical aspects of the imaging problem in a consistent and comprehensive manner. Discusses the inherent physical and numerical capabilities and limitations of the methods presented for both the forward and inverse problems Provides information on available Internet resources and software Written in a manner that makes it readable by physicists, mathematicians, engineers and computer scientists – avoids, as much as possible, the use of specialized terminology without clear introduction and definition

Exam Prep for: Computed Radiation Imaging; Physics and ...

Exam Prep for: Computed Radiation Imaging; Physics and ...
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Computed Radiation Imaging

Computed Radiation Imaging
  • Author : Esam M. A. Hussein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9780123877772
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Summary : Computer-assisted imaging with radiation (x- and gamma rays) is an integral part of modern medical-diagnostic practice. This imaging technology is also slowly finding its way into industrial applications. Although the technology is well developed, there is a need for further improvement to enhance image quality, reduce artifacts, minimize patient radiation exposure, compete with and complement other imaging methods (such as magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonics), and accommodate dense and large objects encountered in industrial applications. Scientists and engineers, attempting to progress this technology, are faced with an enormous amount of literature, addressing the imaging problem from various view points. This book provides a single source that addresses both the physical and mathematical aspects of the imaging problem in a consistent and comprehensive manner. Discusses the inherent physical and numerical capabilities and limitations of the methods presented for both the forward and inverse problems Provides information on available Internet resources and software Written in a manner that makes it readable by physicists, mathematicians, engineers and computer scientists - avoids, as much as possible, the use of specialized terminology without clear introduction and definition

Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation

Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation
  • Author : Committee to Assess Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation,National Research Council
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-03-23
  • Total pages :389
  • ISBN : 9780309133340
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Summary : This book is the seventh in a series of titles from the National Research Council that addresses the effects of exposure to low dose LET (Linear Energy Transfer) ionizing radiation and human health. Updating information previously presented in the 1990 publication, Health Effects of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation: BEIR V, this book draws upon new data in both epidemiologic and experimental research. Ionizing radiation arises from both natural and man-made sources and at very high doses can produce damaging effects in human tissue that can be evident within days after exposure. However, it is the low-dose exposures that are the focus of this book. So-called “late” effects, such as cancer, are produced many years after the initial exposure. This book is among the first of its kind to include detailed risk estimates for cancer incidence in addition to cancer mortality. BEIR VII offers a full review of the available biological, biophysical, and epidemiological literature since the last BEIR report on the subject and develops the most up-to-date and comprehensive risk estimates for cancer and other health effects from exposure to low-level ionizing radiation.

Radiation Dose from Adult and Pediatric Multidetector Computed Tomography

Radiation Dose from Adult and Pediatric Multidetector Computed Tomography
  • Author : D. Tack,Pierre Alain Gevenois
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-31
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 3540685758
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Summary : This book considers in depth all the factors that influence the radiation dose and the risk associated with MDCT in children and adults. Only a small proportion of referring clinicians, radiologists, and technologists are aware of both the radiation risks and their underlying mechanisms. The book proposes detailed guidelines for optimization of the radiation dose when using MDCT. It is written by experts of international standing.

Cone Beam Computed Tomography

Cone Beam Computed Tomography
  • Author : Chris C. Shaw
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-14
  • Total pages :273
  • ISBN : 9781439846261
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Summary : Conventional computed tomography (CT) techniques employ a narrow array of x-ray detectors and a fan-shaped x-ray beam to rotate around the patient to produce images of thin sections of the patient. Large sections of the body are covered by moving the patient into the rotating x-ray detector and x-ray source gantry. Cone beam CT is an alternative technique using a large area detector and cone-shaped x-ray beam to produce 3D images of a thick section of the body with one full angle (360 degree or 180 degree plus detector coverage) rotation. It finds applications in situations where bulky, conventional CT systems would interfere with clinical procedures or cannot be integrated with the primary treatments or imaging systems. Cone Beam Computed Tomography explores the past, present, and future state of medical x-ray imaging while explaining how cone beam CT, with its superior spatial resolution and compact configuration, is used in clinical applications and animal research. The book: Supplies a detailed introduction to cone beam CT, covering basic principles and applications as well as advanced techniques Explores state-of-the-art research and future developments while examining the fundamental limitations of the technology Addresses issues related to implementation and system characteristics, including image quality, artifacts, radiation dose, and perception Reviews the historical development of medical x-ray imaging, from conventional CT techniques to volumetric 3D imaging Discusses the major components of cone beam CT: image acquisition, reconstruction, processing, and display A reference work for scientists, engineers, students, and imaging professionals, Cone Beam Computed Tomography provides a solid understanding of the theory and implementation of this revolutionary technology.

Textbook of Radiology Physics

Textbook of Radiology Physics
  • Author : Hariqbal Singh,Amol Sasane,Roshan Lodha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-31
  • Total pages :166
  • ISBN : 9789385891304
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Summary : Provides a concise overview of the field of radiology physics and its application in everyday practice. Covers complete range of radiology techniques from basic to more complex. Radiological images and illustrations enhance learning.

Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging

Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging
  • Author : Jan S. Iwanczyk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-01
  • Total pages :335
  • ISBN : 9781498766821
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Summary : Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging discusses the current state of the art and future prospects of photon-counting detectors for medical imaging applications. Featuring contributions from leading experts and pioneers in their respective fields, this book: Describes x-ray spectral imaging detectors based on cadmium zinc telluride (CdZnTe) and cadmium telluride (CdTe) materials Presents novel computed tomography (CT) and x-ray clinical applications of photon-counting detectors Considers the future use of CT scanners as both an anatomical and a functional modality in areas typically reserved for nuclear medicine techniques Addresses pulse pileup, incomplete charge collection, and other phenomena that can degrade the spectral response of photon-counting detectors Examines silicon photomultipliers used in single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) systems Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging explores cutting-edge technologies that play a vital role in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of major human diseases, including heart disease and cancer—the top killers in developed countries.

Spiral and Multislice Computed Tomography of the Body

Spiral and Multislice Computed Tomography of the Body
  • Author : Mathias Prokop,Michael Galanski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-01
  • Total pages :498
  • ISBN : 9783131607119
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Summary : Whole body computed tomography has developed at a rapid pace in the past decade, spurred on by the introduction of spiral and multislice scanning. These new technologies have not only improved diagnostic accuracy, but also made new applications possible that were previously accessible only through more complex or invasive techniques.This new book expertly fills a gap in the literature by combining the practically relevant technical background with the clinical information required for correctly performing and interpreting CT examinations. The book presents the state-of-the-art capabilities and requirements of CT as a key diagnostic and interventional tool, with special emphasis on the role of spiral and multi-slice CT. You will find a thorough introduction to CT technology from scanner design to 3D image reconstruction, useful practical hints on how to optimize your examination protocols and how to keep the radiation exposure of your patients to a minimum, as well as an extensive clinical section in which symptoms, pathology and CT morphology are integrated to provide you withthe basis for subtle interpretation of CT findings using the most modern CT techniques.Highlights include:- Full coverage of single-slice, 4-slice and 16-slice scanning techniques- Introduction to extended CT applications including cardiac CT,CT fluoroscopy,and 3D image processing- Organ-specific protocols for scanning and contrast administration- Practical guidelines for maximizing image quality and minimizing radiation exposure- Useful suggestions for image interpretation and for avoiding pitfalls and errors- Convenient format by organ systemand disease entity- Full discussion of organ-specific pathology and CT morphology- CT indications integrated with other imaging modalitiesAt a time when CT examinations are becoming more technically demanding and complex, with an increasing number of scan parameters and advances in 3D reconstructions, this book is an essential professional tool. Experienced practitioners will find their diagnostic and technical skills improved by reading the book, and beginners will enjoy the clear, systematic approach that will help them use the technique with confidence.

The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging

The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging
  • Author : Jerrold T. Bushberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :933
  • ISBN : 9780683301182
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Summary : Developed from the authors' highly successful annual imaging physics review course, this new Second Edition gives readers a clear, fundamental understanding of the theory and applications of physics in radiology, nuclear medicine, and radiobiology. The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging, Second Edition provides key coverage of the clinical implications of technical principles--making this book great for board review. Highlights of this new edition include completely updated and expanded chapters and more than 960 illustrations. Major sections cover basic concepts, diagnostic radiology, nuclear medicine, and radiation protection, dosimetry, and biology. A Brandon-Hill recommended title.

Farr's Physics for Medical Imaging

Farr's Physics for Medical Imaging
  • Author : Penelope Allisy-Roberts,Jerry R. Williams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :207
  • ISBN : 9780702028441
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Summary : Previous ed. published as: Physics for medical imaging / R.F. Farr. c1997.

Introduction to Medical Imaging

Introduction to Medical Imaging
  • Author : Nadine Barrie Smith,Andrew Webb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-18
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139492041
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Summary : Covering the basics of X-rays, CT, PET, nuclear medicine, ultrasound, and MRI, this textbook provides senior undergraduate and beginning graduate students with a broad introduction to medical imaging. Over 130 end-of-chapter exercises are included, in addition to solved example problems, which enable students to master the theory as well as providing them with the tools needed to solve more difficult problems. The basic theory, instrumentation and state-of-the-art techniques and applications are covered, bringing students immediately up-to-date with recent developments, such as combined computed tomography/positron emission tomography, multi-slice CT, four-dimensional ultrasound, and parallel imaging MR technology. Clinical examples provide practical applications of physics and engineering knowledge to medicine. Finally, helpful references to specialised texts, recent review articles, and relevant scientific journals are provided at the end of each chapter, making this an ideal textbook for a one-semester course in medical imaging.

Survey of CT Practice in the UK.

Survey of CT Practice in the UK.
  • Author : P. C. Shrimpton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :121
  • ISBN : 0859513424
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Summary :

Diagnostic Radiology: Recent Advances and Applied Physics in Imaging

Diagnostic Radiology: Recent Advances and Applied Physics in Imaging
  • Author : Arun Kumar Gupta,Veena Chowdhury,Niranjan Khandelwal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-30
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 9789350904978
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Summary : This second edition has been fully updated to provide radiologists with all the recent technological advances in diagnostic radiology. Divided into six sections, it covers all the key aspects of the imaging – ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, radiography and interventional radiography, and contrast media. The final section discusses miscellaneous topics including evidence based radiology, radiation protection, molecular imaging, planning a modern imaging department, and common drugs used. A separate chapter is dedicated to picture archiving and data management. This comprehensive new edition includes nearly 600 full colour radiological images and illustrations. Key points Fully updated, new edition presenting recent technological advances in diagnostic radiology Covers all key imaging techniques Includes nearly 600 radiological photographs and illustrations Previous edition published in 2007

Radiation Protection in Diagnostic X-Ray Imaging

Radiation Protection in Diagnostic X-Ray Imaging
  • Author : Euclid Seeram,Patrick C. Brennan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-15
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781284117714
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Summary : Radiation Protection in Diagnostic X-Ray Imaging covers the recent developments that have been introduced to address the increasing dose to the patient, and new assessment tools for use in dose optimization studies. Based on material from ASRT, ARRT and CAMRT, as well as Current Concepts of Radiation Protection. Content is mapped to the ARRT Radiation Protection Examination Specifications and ASRT Radiation Protection Objectives. In addition to topics prescribed by the ARRT for the certification examination, this book includes topics for advanced study. Some electronic and eBook versions do not include access to Navigate 2 Advantage resources.

X-Ray Imaging

X-Ray Imaging
  • Author : Harry E. Martz,Clint M. Logan,Daniel J. Schneberk,Peter J. Shull
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-26
  • Total pages :574
  • ISBN : 9781420009767
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Summary : While books on the medical applications of x-ray imaging exist, there is not one currently available that focuses on industrial applications. Full of color images that show clear spectrometry and rich with applications, X-Ray Imaging fills the need for a comprehensive work on modern industrial x-ray imaging. It reviews the fundamental science of x-ray imaging and addresses equipment and system configuration. Useful to a broad range of radiation imaging practitioners, the book looks at the rapid development and deployment of digital x-ray imaging system.

Handbook of X-ray Imaging

Handbook of X-ray Imaging
  • Author : Paolo Russo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-14
  • Total pages :1393
  • ISBN : 9781498741545
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Summary : Containing chapter contributions from over 130 experts, this unique publication is the first handbook dedicated to the physics and technology of X-ray imaging, offering extensive coverage of the field. This highly comprehensive work is edited by one of the world’s leading experts in X-ray imaging physics and technology and has been created with guidance from a Scientific Board containing respected and renowned scientists from around the world. The book's scope includes 2D and 3D X-ray imaging techniques from soft-X-ray to megavoltage energies, including computed tomography, fluoroscopy, dental imaging and small animal imaging, with several chapters dedicated to breast imaging techniques. 2D and 3D industrial imaging is incorporated, including imaging of artworks. Specific attention is dedicated to techniques of phase contrast X-ray imaging. The approach undertaken is one that illustrates the theory as well as the techniques and the devices routinely used in the various fields. Computational aspects are fully covered, including 3D reconstruction algorithms, hard/software phantoms, and computer-aided diagnosis. Theories of image quality are fully illustrated. Historical, radioprotection, radiation dosimetry, quality assurance and educational aspects are also covered. This handbook will be suitable for a very broad audience, including graduate students in medical physics and biomedical engineering; medical physics residents; radiographers; physicists and engineers in the field of imaging and non-destructive industrial testing using X-rays; and scientists interested in understanding and using X-ray imaging techniques. The handbook's editor, Dr. Paolo Russo, has over 30 years’ experience in the academic teaching of medical physics and X-ray imaging research. He has authored several book chapters in the field of X-ray imaging, is Editor-in-Chief of an international scientific journal in medical physics, and has responsibilities in the publication committees of international scientific organizations in medical physics. Features: Comprehensive coverage of the use of X-rays both in medical radiology and industrial testing The first handbook published to be dedicated to the physics and technology of X-rays Handbook edited by world authority, with contributions from experts in each field

Spectral, Photon Counting Computed Tomography

Spectral, Photon Counting Computed Tomography
  • Author : Katsuyuki Taguchi,Ira Blevis,Krzysztof Iniewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-15
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9780429942006
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Summary : Spectral, Photon Counting Computed Tomography is a comprehensive cover of the latest developments in the most prevalent imaging modality (x-ray computed tomography (CT)) in its latest incarnation: Spectral, Dual-Energy, and Photon Counting CT. Disadvantages of the conventional single-energy technique used by CT technology are that different materials cannot be distinguished and that the noise is larger. To address these problems, a novel spectral CT concept has been proposed. Spectral Dual-Energy CT (DE-CT) acquires two sets of spectral data, and Spectral Photon Counting CT (PC-CT) detects energy of x-ray photons to reveal additional material information of objects by using novel energy-sensitive, photon-counting detectors. The K-edge imaging may be a gateway for functional or molecular CT. The book covers detectors and electronics, image reconstruction methods, image quality assessments, a simulation tool, nanoparticle contrast agents, and clinical applications for spectral CT.

Cumulated Index Medicus

Cumulated Index Medicus
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112065974518
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Summary :

CT Imaging

CT Imaging
  • Author : Alexander C. Mamourian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780199782604
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Summary : After reading this book, imagers and CT technologists should better understand the capabilities of modern multidector CT scanners. Imagers and technologists must understand how their scanners operate in order to take advantage of new capabilities for optimizing protocols that minimize patient dose. In addition, the reader will be better prepared to recognize the pitfalls and artifacts that appear on CT imaging. Some of these are unfamiliar to most imagers and are the product of the large detector arrays offered on new CT scanners.

Computed Body Tomography with MRI Correlation

Computed Body Tomography with MRI Correlation
  • Author : Joseph K. T. Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :1821
  • ISBN : 0781745268
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Summary : Grundlæggende lærebog om CT og MRI og disses anvendelse iforbindelse med undersøgelser af kroppens organer. Først beskrives principperne bag CT-teknik og MRI, og derefter gennemgåes undersøgelser af kroppens organer systematisk. Bogen beskriver både normale og abnorme fund med tekst og billeder og giver instruktioner i, hvorledes man optimerer billedkvalitet, -analyse, og -fortolkninger, samt undgår de mest almindelige fejlfortolkninger.