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Concepts and Experimental Protocols of Modelling and Informatics in Drug Design

Concepts and Experimental Protocols of Modelling and Informatics in Drug Design
  • Author : Om Silakari,Pankaj Kumar Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-05
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 9780128205471
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Summary : Concepts and Experimental Protocols of Modelling and Informatics in Drug Design discusses each experimental protocol utilized in the field of bioinformatics, focusing especially on computer modeling for drug development. It helps the user in understanding the field of computer-aided molecular modeling (CAMM) by presenting solved exercises and examples. The book discusses topics such as fundamentals of molecular modeling, QSAR model generation, protein databases and how to use them to select and analyze protein structure, and pharmacophore modeling for drug targets. Additionally, it discusses data retrieval system, molecular surfaces, and freeware and online servers. The book is a valuable source for graduate students and researchers on bioinformatics, molecular modeling, biotechnology and several members of biomedical field who need to understand more about computer-aided molecular modeling. Presents exercises with solutions to aid readers in validating their own protocol Brings a thorough interpretation of results of each exercise to help readers compare them to their own study Explains each parameter utilized in the algorithms to help readers understand and manipulate various features of molecules and target protein to design their study

Quantitative Molecular Pharmacology and Informatics in Drug Discovery

Quantitative Molecular Pharmacology and Informatics in Drug Discovery
  • Author : Michael Lutz,Terry Kenakin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-01-10
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 0471988618
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Summary : Quantitative Molecular Pharmacology and Informatics in Drug Discovery Michael Lutz, Section Head, Cheminformatics Group and Terry Kenakin, Principal Research Scientist, Glaxo Wellcome Research and Development, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA Quantitative Molecular Pharmacology and Informatics in Drug Discovery combines pharmacology, genetics and statistics to provide a complete guide to the modern drug discovery process. The book discusses the pharmacology of drug testing and provides a detailed description of the statistical methods used to analyze the resulting data. Application of genetic and genomic tools for identification of biological targets is reviewed in the context of drug discovery projects. Covering both the theoretical principles upon which the techniques are based and the practicalities of drug discovery, this informative guide. * outlines in step-by-step detail the advantages and disadvantages of each technology and approach and links these to the type of chemical target being sought after in the drug discovery process; and, * provides excellent demonstrations of how to use powerful pharmacological and statistical tools to optimize high-throughput screening assays. Written by two internationally known and well-regarded experts, this book is an essential reference for research and development scientists working in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. It will also be useful for postgraduates studying pharmacology and applied statistics.

Chemoinformatics

Chemoinformatics
  • Author : Jürgen Bajorath
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :524
  • ISBN : 9781592598021
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Summary : Well-recognized pioneers and investigators from diverse professional environments survey the key concepts in the field, describe cutting-edge methods, and provide exemplary pharmaceutical applications. The authors explain the theory behind the crucial concepts of molecular similarity and diversity, describe the challenging efforts to use chemoinformatics approaches to virtual and high-throughput screening, and illuminate the latest developments in multidimensional QSAR analysis. Other topics of interest include the use of partitioning algorithms and classification methods for analyzing large compound databases, screening sets, and virtual screening for active molecules; different approaches to target class-specific library design; and the generation of a novel class of molecular surface properties descriptors that can be readily calculated from 2D representations of molecular structures. Chemoinformatics: Concepts, Methods, and Tools for Drug Discovery illuminates the conceptual and methodological diversity of this rapidly evolving field and offers instructive examples of cutting-edge applications in the drug discovery process. Understand the key concepts and novel methods behind chemoinformatics See cutting-edge chemoinformatic methods applied to the drug discovery process Appreciate the conceptual and methodological diversity of chemoinformatics Master the basics of machine learning, library design, and ADME modeling.

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Virtual Screening

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Virtual Screening
  • Author : Alexandre Varnek,Alex Tropsha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9780854041442
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Summary : Chemoinformatics is broadly a scientific discipline encompassing the design, creation, organization, management, retrieval, analysis, dissemination, visualization and use of chemical information. It is distinct from other computational molecular modeling approaches in that it uses unique representations of chemical structures in the form of multiple chemical descriptors; has its own metrics for defining similarity and diversity of chemical compound libraries; and applies a wide array of statistical, data mining and machine learning techniques to very large collections of chemical compounds in order to establish robust relationships between chemical structure and its physical or biological properties. Chemoinformatics addresses a broad range of problems in chemistry and biology; however, the most commonly known applications of chemoinformatics approaches have been arguably in the area of drug discovery where chemoinformatics tools have played a central role in the analysis and interpretation of structure-property data collected by the means of modern high throughput screening. Early stages in modern drug discovery often involved screening small molecules for their effects on a selected protein target or a model of a biological pathway. In the past fifteen years, innovative technologies that enable rapid synthesis and high throughput screening of large libraries of compounds have been adopted in almost all major pharmaceutical and biotech companies. As a result, there has been a huge increase in the number of compounds available on a routine basis to quickly screen for novel drug candidates against new targets/pathways. In contrast, such technologies have rarely become available to the academic research community, thus limiting its ability to conduct large scale chemical genetics or chemical genomics research. However, the landscape of publicly available experimental data collection methods for chemoinformatics has changed dramatically in very recent years. The term "virtual screening" is commonly associated with methodologies that rely on the explicit knowledge of three-dimensional structure of the target protein to identify potential bioactive compounds. Traditional docking protocols and scoring functions rely on explicitly defined three dimensional coordinates and standard definitions of atom types of both receptors and ligands. Albeit reasonably accurate in many cases, conventional structure based virtual screening approaches are relatively computationally inefficient, which has precluded them from screening really large compound collections. Significant progress has been achieved over many years of research in developing many structure based virtual screening approaches. This book is the first monograph that summarizes innovative applications of efficient chemoinformatics approaches towards the goal of screening large chemical libraries. The focus on virtual screening expands chemoinformatics beyond its traditional boundaries as a synthetic and data-analytical area of research towards its recognition as a predictive and decision support scientific discipline. The approaches discussed by the contributors to the monograph rely on chemoinformatics concepts such as: -representation of molecules using multiple descriptors of chemical structures -advanced chemical similarity calculations in multidimensional descriptor spaces -the use of advanced machine learning and data mining approaches for building quantitative and predictive structure activity models -the use of chemoinformatics methodologies for the analysis of drug-likeness and property prediction -the emerging trend on combining chemoinformatics and bioinformatics concepts in structure based drug discovery The chapters of the book are organized in a logical flow that a typical chemoinformatics project would follow - from structure representation and comparison to data analysis and model building to applications of structure-property relationship models for hit identification and chemical library design. It opens with the overview of modern methods of compounds library design, followed by a chapter devoted to molecular similarity analysis. Four sections describe virtual screening based on the using of molecular fragments, 2D pharmacophores and 3D pharmacophores. Application of fuzzy pharmacophores for libraries design is the subject of the next chapter followed by a chapter dealing with QSAR studies based on local molecular parameters. Probabilistic approaches based on 2D descriptors in assessment of biological activities are also described with an overview of the modern methods and software for ADME prediction. The book ends with a chapter describing the new approach of coding the receptor binding sites and their respective ligands in multidimensional chemical descriptor space that affords an interesting and efficient alternative to traditional docking and screening techniques. Ligand-based approaches, which are in the focus of this work, are more computationally efficient compared to structure-based virtual screening and there are very few books related to modern developments in this field. The focus on extending the experiences accumulated in traditional areas of chemoinformatics research such as Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships (QSAR) or chemical similarity searching towards virtual screening make the theme of this monograph essential reading for researchers in the area of computer-aided drug discovery. However, due to its generic data-analytical focus there will be a growing application of chemoinformatics approaches in multiple areas of chemical and biological research such as synthesis planning, nanotechnology, proteomics, physical and analytical chemistry and chemical genomics.

Understanding the Basics of QSAR for Applications in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Risk Assessment

Understanding the Basics of QSAR for Applications in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Risk Assessment
  • Author : Kunal Roy,Supratik Kar,Rudra Narayan Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-03
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9780128016336
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Summary : Understanding the Basics of QSAR for Applications in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Risk Assessment describes the historical evolution of quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approaches and their fundamental principles. This book includes clear, introductory coverage of the statistical methods applied in QSAR and new QSAR techniques, such as HQSAR and G-QSAR. Containing real-world examples that illustrate important methodologies, this book identifies QSAR as a valuable tool for many different applications, including drug discovery, predictive toxicology and risk assessment. Written in a straightforward and engaging manner, this is the ideal resource for all those looking for general and practical knowledge of QSAR methods. Includes numerous practical examples related to QSAR methods and applications Follows the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development principles for QSAR model development Discusses related techniques such as structure-based design and the combination of structure- and ligand-based design tools

QSAR and Drug Design: New Developments and Applications

QSAR and Drug Design: New Developments and Applications
  • Author : H. Timmerman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-11-20
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 0080545009
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Summary : Based on topics presented at the Annual Japanese (Quantitative) Structure-Activity Relationship Symposium and the Biennial China-Japan Drug Design and Development conference, the topics in this volume cover almost every procedure and subdiscipline in the SAR discipline. They are categorized in three sections. Section one includes topics illustrating newer methodologies relating to ligand-receptor, molecular graphics and receptor modelling as well as the three-dimensional (Q)SAR examples with the active analogue approach and the comparative molecular field analysis. In section 2 the hydrophobicity parameters, log P (1-octanol/water) for compound series of medicinal-chemical interest are analysed physico-organic chemically. Section 3 contains the examples based on the traditional Hansch QSAR approach. A variety of methodologies and procedures are presented in this single volume, along with their methodological philosophies.

Artificial Intelligence in Drug Discovery

Artificial Intelligence in Drug Discovery
  • Author : Nathan Brown
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-11
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 9781839160547
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Summary : Following significant advances in deep learning and related areas interest in artificial intelligence (AI) has rapidly grown. In particular, the application of AI in drug discovery provides an opportunity to tackle challenges that previously have been difficult to solve, such as predicting properties, designing molecules and optimising synthetic routes. Artificial Intelligence in Drug Discovery aims to introduce the reader to AI and machine learning tools and techniques, and to outline specific challenges including designing new molecular structures, synthesis planning and simulation. Providing a wealth of information from leading experts in the field this book is ideal for students, postgraduates and established researchers in both industry and academia.

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Virtual Screening

Chemoinformatics Approaches to Virtual Screening
  • Author : Alexandre Varnek,Alexander Tropsha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 1847558879
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Summary : Chemoinformatics is broadly a scientific discipline encompassing the design, creation, organization, management, retrieval, analysis, dissemination, visualization and use of chemical information. It is distinct from other computational molecular modeling approaches in that it uses unique representations of chemical structures in the form of multiple chemical descriptors; has its own metrics for defining similarity and diversity of chemical compound libraries; and applies a wide array of statistical, data mining and machine learning techniques to very large collections of chemical compounds in order to establish robust relationships between chemical structure and its physical or biological properties. Chemoinformatics addresses a broad range of problems in chemistry and biology; however, the most commonly known applications of chemoinformatics approaches have been arguably in the area of drug discovery where chemoinformatics tools have played a central role in the analysis and interpretation of structure-property data collected by the means of modern high throughput screening.Early stages in modern drug discovery often involved screening small molecules for their effects on a selected protein target or a model of a biological pathway. In the past fifteen years, innovative technologies that enable rapid synthesis and high throughput screening of large libraries of compounds have been adopted in almost all major pharmaceutical and biotech companies. As a result, there has been a huge increase in the number of compounds available on a routine basis to quickly screen for novel drug candidates against new targets/pathways. In contrast, such technologies have rarely become available to the academic research community, thus limiting its ability to conduct large scale chemical genetics or chemical genomics research. However, the landscape of publicly available experimental data collection methods for chemoinformatics has changed dramatically in very recent years. The term virtual screening is commonly associated with methodologies that rely on the explicit knowledge of three-dimensional structure of the target protein to identify potential bioactive compounds.Traditional docking protocols and scoring functions rely on explicitly defined three dimensional coordinates and standard definitions of atom types of both receptors and ligands. Albeit reasonably accurate in many cases, conventional structure based virtual screening approaches are relatively computationally inefficient, which has precluded them from screening really large compound collections. Significant progress has been achieved over many years of research in developing many structure based virtual screening approaches. This book is the first monograph that summarizes innovative applications of efficient chemoinformatics approaches towards the goal of screening large chemical libraries. The focus on virtual screening expands chemoinformatics beyond its traditional boundaries as a synthetic and data-analytical area of research towards its recognition as a predictive and decision support scientific discipline.The approaches discussed by the contributors to the monograph rely on chemoinformatics concepts such as: -representation of molecules using multiple descriptors of chemical structures -advanced chemical similarity calculations in multidimensional descriptor spaces -the use of advanced machine learning and data mining approaches for building quantitative and predictive structure activity models -the use of chemoinformatics methodologies for the analysis of drug-likeness and property prediction -the emerging trend on combining chemoinformatics and bioinformatics concepts in structure based drug discovery The chapters of the book are organized in a logical flow that a typical chemoinformatics project would follow - from structure representation and comparison to data analysis and model building to applications of structure-property relationship models for hit identification and chemical library design. It opens with the overview of modern methods of compounds library design, followed by a chapter devoted to molecular similarity analysis. Four sections describe virtual screening based on the using of molecular fragments, 2D pharmacophores and 3D pharmacophores.Application of fuzzy pharmacophores for libraries design is the subject of the next chapter followed by a chapter dealing with QSAR studies based on local molecular parameters. Probabilistic approaches based on 2D descriptors in assessment of biological activities are also described with an overview of the modern methods and software for ADME prediction. The book ends with a chapter describing the new approach of coding the receptor binding sites and their respective ligands in multidimensional chemical descriptor space that affords an interesting and efficient alternative to traditional docking and screening techniques. Ligand-based approaches, which are in the focus of this work, are more computationally efficient compared to structure-based virtual screening and there are very few books related to modern developments in this field. The focus on extending the experiences accumulated in traditional areas of chemoinformatics research such as Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships (QSAR) or chemical similarity searching towards virtual screening make the theme of this monograph essential reading for researchers in the area of computer-aided drug discovery.However, due to its generic data-analytical focus there will be a growing application of chemoinformatics approaches in multiple areas of chemical and biological research such as synthesis planning, nanotechnology, proteomics, physical and analytical chemistry and chemical genomics.

Structural Bioinformatics: Applications in Preclinical Drug Discovery Process

Structural Bioinformatics: Applications in Preclinical Drug Discovery Process
  • Author : C. Gopi Mohan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-10
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 9783030052829
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Summary : This book reviews the advances and challenges of structure-based drug design in the preclinical drug discovery process, addressing various diseases, including malaria, tuberculosis and cancer. Written by internationally recognized researchers, this edited book discusses how the application of the various in-silico techniques, such as molecular docking, virtual screening, pharmacophore modeling, molecular dynamics simulations, and residue interaction networks offers insights into pharmacologically active novel molecular entities. It presents a clear concept of the molecular mechanism of different drug targets and explores methods to help understand drug resistance. In addition, it includes chapters dedicated to natural-product- derived medicines, combinatorial drug discovery, the CryoEM technique for structure-based drug design and big data in drug discovery. The book offers an invaluable resource for graduate and postgraduate students, as well as for researchers in academic and industrial laboratories working in the areas of chemoinformatics, medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry and pharmacoinformatics.

Virtual Screening

Virtual Screening
  • Author : Christoph Sotriffer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-31
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : 9783527633340
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Summary : Drug discovery is all about finding small molecules that interact in a desired way with larger molecules, namely proteins and other macromolecules in the human body. If the three-dimensional structures of both the small and large molecule are known, their interaction can be tested by computer simulation with a reasonable degree of accuracy. Alternatively, if active ligands are already available, molecular similarity searches can be used to find new molecules. This virtual screening can even be applied to compounds that have yet to be synthesized, as opposed to "real" screening that requires cost- and labor-intensive laboratory testing with previously synthesized drug compounds. Unique in its focus on the end user, this is a real "how to" book that does not presuppose prior experience in virtual screening or a background in computational chemistry. It is both a desktop reference and practical guide to virtual screening applications in drug discovery, offering a comprehensive and up-to-date overview. Clearly divided into four major sections, the first provides a detailed description of the methods required for and applied in virtual screening, while the second discusses the most important challenges in order to improve the impact and success of this technique. The third and fourth, practical parts contain practical guidelines and several case studies covering the most important scenarios for new drug discovery, accompanied by general guidelines for the entire workflow of virtual screening studies. Throughout the text, medicinal chemists from academia, as well as from large and small pharmaceutical companies report on their experience and pass on priceless practical advice on how to make best use of these powerful methods.

The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry

The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry
  • Author : Camille Georges Wermuth,David Aldous,Pierre Raboisson,Didier Rognan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-01
  • Total pages :902
  • ISBN : 9780124172135
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Summary : The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry, Fourth Edition provides a practical and comprehensive overview of the daily issues facing pharmaceutical researchers and chemists. In addition to its thorough treatment of basic medicinal chemistry principles, this updated edition has been revised to provide new and expanded coverage of the latest technologies and approaches in drug discovery. With topics like high content screening, scoring, docking, binding free energy calculations, polypharmacology, QSAR, chemical collections and databases, and much more, this book is the go-to reference for all academic and pharmaceutical researchers who need a complete understanding of medicinal chemistry and its application to drug discovery and development. Includes updated and expanded material on systems biology, chemogenomics, computer-aided drug design, and other important recent advances in the field Incorporates extensive color figures, case studies, and practical examples to help users gain a further understanding of key concepts Provides high-quality content in a comprehensive manner, including contributions from international chapter authors to illustrate the global nature of medicinal chemistry and drug development research An image bank is available for instructors at www.textbooks.elsevier.com

High-Performance Modelling and Simulation for Big Data Applications

High-Performance Modelling and Simulation for Big Data Applications
  • Author : Joanna Kołodziej,Horacio González-Vélez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-25
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9783030162726
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Summary : This open access book was prepared as a Final Publication of the COST Action IC1406 “High-Performance Modelling and Simulation for Big Data Applications (cHiPSet)“ project. Long considered important pillars of the scientific method, Modelling and Simulation have evolved from traditional discrete numerical methods to complex data-intensive continuous analytical optimisations. Resolution, scale, and accuracy have become essential to predict and analyse natural and complex systems in science and engineering. When their level of abstraction raises to have a better discernment of the domain at hand, their representation gets increasingly demanding for computational and data resources. On the other hand, High Performance Computing typically entails the effective use of parallel and distributed processing units coupled with efficient storage, communication and visualisation systems to underpin complex data-intensive applications in distinct scientific and technical domains. It is then arguably required to have a seamless interaction of High Performance Computing with Modelling and Simulation in order to store, compute, analyse, and visualise large data sets in science and engineering. Funded by the European Commission, cHiPSet has provided a dynamic trans-European forum for their members and distinguished guests to openly discuss novel perspectives and topics of interests for these two communities. This cHiPSet compendium presents a set of selected case studies related to healthcare, biological data, computational advertising, multimedia, finance, bioinformatics, and telecommunications.

Drug-like Properties: Concepts, Structure Design and Methods

Drug-like Properties: Concepts, Structure Design and Methods
  • Author : Li Di,Edward H Kerns
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-26
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 9780080557618
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Summary : Of the thousands of novel compounds that a drug discovery project team invents and that bind to the therapeutic target, typically only a fraction of these have sufficient ADME/Tox properties to become a drug product. Understanding ADME/Tox is critical for all drug researchers, owing to its increasing importance in advancing high quality candidates to clinical studies and the processes of drug discovery. If the properties are weak, the candidate will have a high risk of failure or be less desirable as a drug product. This book is a tool and resource for scientists engaged in, or preparing for, the selection and optimization process. The authors describe how properties affect in vivo pharmacological activity and impact in vitro assays. Individual drug-like properties are discussed from a practical point of view, such as solubility, permeability and metabolic stability, with regard to fundamental understanding, applications of property data in drug discovery and examples of structural modifications that have achieved improved property performance. The authors also review various methods for the screening (high throughput), diagnosis (medium throughput) and in-depth (low throughput) analysis of drug properties. * Serves as an essential working handbook aimed at scientists and students in medicinal chemistry * Provides practical, step-by-step guidance on property fundamentals, effects, structure-property relationships, and structure modification strategies * Discusses improvements in pharmacokinetics from a practical chemist's standpoint

New Approaches for Flavin Catalysis

New Approaches for Flavin Catalysis
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-07
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 9780128168301
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Summary : New Approaches for Flavin Catalysis, Volume 620, a new volume in the Methods in Enzymology series, continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. Topics covered in this update include Anaerobiosis and Methods for Reduction, Reduction Potentials, Anaerobic Stopped-Flow, No Glove-Box, Anaerobic Stopped-Flow, in a Glove-Box, Chemical Quenching, Oxygen Reactions, Double-mixing Stopped-Flow, Kinetic Isotope Effects and Viscosity Effects, Heavy Enzymes Synthetic Flavins & Linear Free Energy Relationships, Vibrational Spectroscopy, Stark Spectroscopy, EPR and Related Methods, Molecular Dynamics, Phylogenetic Relationships/Superfamilies, O2 and Superoxide Analogs, and more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Methods in Enzymology series Updated release includes the latest information on New Approaches for Flavin Catalysis

In Silico Drug Design

In Silico Drug Design
  • Author : Kunal Roy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-12
  • Total pages :886
  • ISBN : 9780128163771
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Summary : In Silico Drug Design: Repurposing Techniques and Methodologies explores the application of computational tools that can be utilized for this approach. The book covers theoretical background and methodologies of chem-bioinformatic techniques and network modeling and discusses the various applied strategies to systematically retrieve, integrate and analyze datasets from diverse sources. Other topics include in silico drug design methods, computational workflows for drug repurposing, and network-based in silico screening for drug efficacy. With contributions from experts in the field and the inclusion of practical case studies, this book gives scientists, researchers and R&D professionals in the pharmaceutical industry valuable insights into drug design. Discusses the theoretical background and methodologies of useful techniques of cheminformatics and bioinformatics that can be applied for drug repurposing Offers case studies relating to the in silico modeling of FDA-approved drugs for the discovery of antifungal, anticancer, antiplatelet agents, and for drug therapies against diseases Covers tools and databases that can be utilized to facilitate in silico methods for drug repurposing

Computer-Aided Drug Design

Computer-Aided Drug Design
  • Author : Dev Bukhsh Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-09
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9789811568152
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Summary : This book provides up-to-date information on bioinformatics tools for the discovery and development of new drug molecules. It discusses a range of computational applications, including three-dimensional modeling of protein structures, protein-ligand docking, and molecular dynamics simulation of protein-ligand complexes for identifying desirable drug candidates. It also explores computational approaches for identifying potential drug targets and for pharmacophore modeling. Moreover, it presents structure- and ligand-based drug design tools to optimize known drugs and guide the design of new molecules. The book also describes methods for identifying small-molecule binding pockets in proteins, and summarizes the databases used to explore the essential properties of drugs, drug-like small molecules and their targets. In addition, the book highlights various tools to predict the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) and toxicity (T) of potential drug candidates. Lastly, it reviews in silico tools that can facilitate vaccine design and discusses their limitations.

Hodson and Geddes' Cystic Fibrosis, Fourth Edition

Hodson and Geddes' Cystic Fibrosis, Fourth Edition
  • Author : Andrew Bush,Diana Bilton,Margaret Hodson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-02
  • Total pages :699
  • ISBN : 9780340764251
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Summary : Hodson and Geddes' Cystic Fibrosis provides everything the respiratory clinician, pulmonologist or health professional treating patients needs in a single manageable volume. This international and authoritative work brings together current knowledge and has become established in previous editions as a leading reference in the field. This fourth edition includes a wealth of new information, figures, useful videos, and a companion eBook. The basic science that underlies the disease and its progression is outlined in detail and put into a clinical context. Diagnostic and clinical aspects are covered in depth, as well as promising advances such as gene therapies and other novel molecular based treatments. Patient monitoring and the importance of multidisciplinary care are also emphasized. This edition: Features accessible sections reflecting the multidisciplinary nature of the cystic fibrosis care team Contains a chapter written by patients and families about their experiences with the disease Includes expanded coverage of clinical areas, including chapters covering sleep, lung mechanics and the work of breathing, upper airway disease, insulin deficiency and diabetes, bone disease, and sexual and reproductive issues Discusses management both in the hospital and at home Includes a new section on monitoring and discusses the use of databases to improve patient care Covers monitoring in different age groups, exercise testing and the outcomes of clinical trials in these areas Includes chapters devoted to nursing, physiotherapy, psychology, and palliative and spiritual care Throughout, the emphasis is on providing an up-to-date and balanced review of both the clinical and basic science aspects of the subject and reflecting the multidisciplinary nature of the cystic fibrosis care team.

Rare Diseases and Orphan Products

Rare Diseases and Orphan Products
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Accelerating Rare Diseases Research and Orphan Product Development
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-03
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 9780309158060
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Summary : Rare diseases collectively affect millions of Americans of all ages, but developing drugs and medical devices to prevent, diagnose, and treat these conditions is challenging. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends implementing an integrated national strategy to promote rare diseases research and product development.

Mass Spectrometry in Medicinal Chemistry

Mass Spectrometry in Medicinal Chemistry
  • Author : Klaus Wanner,Georg Höfner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-27
  • Total pages :460
  • ISBN : 9783527610914
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Summary : This first overview of mass spectrometry-based pharmaceutical analysis is the key to improved high-throughput drug screening, rational drug design and analysis of multiple ligand-target interactions. The ready reference opens with a general introduction to the use of mass spectrometry in pharmaceutical screening, followed by a detailed description of recently developed analytical systems for use in the pharmaceutical laboratory. Applications range from simple binding assays to complex screens of biological activity and systems containing multiple targets or ligands -- all highly relevant techniques in the early stages in drug discovery, from target characterization to hit and lead finding.

Medical Imaging Informatics

Medical Imaging Informatics
  • Author : Alex A.T. Bui,Ricky K. Taira
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-01
  • Total pages :446
  • ISBN : 1441903852
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Summary : Medical Imaging Informatics provides an overview of this growing discipline, which stems from an intersection of biomedical informatics, medical imaging, computer science and medicine. Supporting two complementary views, this volume explores the fundamental technologies and algorithms that comprise this field, as well as the application of medical imaging informatics to subsequently improve healthcare research. Clearly written in a four part structure, this introduction follows natural healthcare processes, illustrating the roles of data collection and standardization, context extraction and modeling, and medical decision making tools and applications. Medical Imaging Informatics identifies core concepts within the field, explores research challenges that drive development, and includes current state-of-the-art methods and strategies.

Principles of Clinical Pharmacology

Principles of Clinical Pharmacology
  • Author : Arthur J. Atkinson, Jr.,Darrell R. Abernethy,Charles E. Daniels,Robert Dedrick,Sanford P. Markey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-28
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 0080466427
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Summary : This revised second edition covers the pharmacologic principles underlying the individualization of patient therapy and contemporary drug development, focusing on the fundamentals that underlie the clinical use and contemporary development of pharmaceuticals. Authors drawn from academia, the pharmaceutical industry and government agencies cover the spectrum of material, including pharmacokinetic practice questions, covered by the basic science section of the certifying examination offered by the American Board of Clinical Pharmacology. This unique reference is recommended by the Board as a study text and includes modules on drug discovery and development to assist students as well as practicing pharmacologists. Unique breadth of coverage ranging from drug discovery and development to individualization and quality assessment of drug therapy Unusual cohesive of presentation that stems from author participation in an ongoing popular NIH course Instructive linkage of pharmacokinetic theory and applications with provision of sample problems for self-study Wide-ranging perspective of authors drawn from the ranks of Federal agencies, academia and the pharmaceutical industry Expanded coverage of pharmacogenetics Expanded coverage of drug transporters and their role in interactions Inclusion of new material on enzyme induction mechanisms in chapters on drug metabolism and drug interactions A new chapter on drug discovery that focuses on oncologic agents Inclusion of therapeutic antibodies in chapter on biotechnology products