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Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Animal Physiology

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Animal Physiology
  • Author : James Hicks,Tobias Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-12-15
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 0128173661
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Summary : Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Physiology focuses on milestones and research achievements in comparative animal physiology. The book looks at the future of the field, illustrating how advances in technology continue to help us understand how animals work and adapt to their environments. Written by a leading expert in comparative physiology, the book follows the chronological order of discoveries and developments in the field. It covers the origins of comparative physiology in the 16th century, moving on to describe new topics such as developmental, diving and renal physiology. In addition, it examines new developments in ecological physiology and the birth of evolutionary physiology. This is an essential resource for undergraduates, graduate students and researchers interested in physiology with its comprehensive synopsis on the field's foundational history and significant advances. Provides a single-source, historical overview of the field Examines more than 70 significant achievements in the history of comparative animal physiology Written in a comprehensive and easy-to-read format

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior
  • Author : Michael D. Breed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-25
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 9780128095454
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Summary : Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior highlights, through concise summaries, the most important discoveries and scientific revolutions in animal behavior. These are assessed for their relative impact on the field and their significance to the forward motion of the science of animal behavior. Eighty short essays capture the moment when a new concept emerged or a publication signaled a paradigm shift. How the new understanding came about is explained, and any continuing controversy or scientific conversation on the issue is highlighted. Behavior is a rich and varied field, drawing on genetics, evolution, physiology, and ecology to inform its principles, and this book embraces the wealth of knowledge that comes from the unification of these fields around the study of animals in motion. The chronological organization of the essays makes this an excellent overview of the history of animal behavior, ethology, and behavioral ecology. The work includes such topics as Darwin’s role in shaping the study of animal behavior, the logic of animal contests, cognition, empathy in animals, and animal personalities. Succinct accounts of new revelations about behavior through scientific investigation and scrutiny reveal the fascinating story of this field. Similar to Dr. John Avise’s Contemporary Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics, the work is structured into vignettes that describe the conceptual revolution and assess the impact of the conceptual change, with a score, which ranges from 1-10, providing an assessment of the impact of the new findings on contemporary science. Features a lively, brisk writing style and brief entries to enable easy, enjoyable access to this essential information Includes topics that cover the range of behavioral biology from mechanism to behavioral ecology Can also be used as supplemental material for an undergraduate animal behavior course, or as the foundational text for an upper level or graduate discussion course in advanced animal behavior

Plant Physiology 75th Anniversary

Plant Physiology 75th Anniversary
  • Author : Natasha V. Raikhel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : WISC:89077299824
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Summary :

Analytical Techniques

Analytical Techniques
  • Author : T.P. Mommsen,Peter W. Hochachka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :718
  • ISBN : 9780080933221
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Summary : This third volume in the series covers such topics as anaesthetics, cannulation and injection techniques, and surgery. The book will be invaluable to fisheries scientists, aquaculturists, and animal biochemists, physiologists and endocrinologists; it will provide researchers and students with a pertinent information source from theoretical and experimental angles.

Phylogenetic and Biochemical Perspectives

Phylogenetic and Biochemical Perspectives
  • Author : T.P. Mommsen,Peter W. Hochachka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 9780080934280
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Summary : This new series on The Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Fishes grew out of the demand for state-of-the-art review articles in a rapidly expanding field of research. Up to the present, most research literature on biochemistry involved rats and humans, but new breakthroughs in the piscine setting have indicated that the field is ready for a review series of its own. Because of funding and experimental availability restrictions, most research in the field has dealt with fish and insects. Within the insect field, comparative biochemistry and comparative physiology have proceeded along independent paths as opposed to the piscine field, where the tendency has been for the latter to envelop the former. This volume sets out to make comparative biochemistry and comparative physiology independent of each other within the piscine setting, another important rationale for this review series as well as detailing the phylogenetic evolution of fishes. The goal of the series is to provide researchers and students with an appropriate balance between experimental results and theoretical concepts.

Animal Behaviour Abstracts

Animal Behaviour Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015053937218
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Summary :

Canadian Journal of Zoology

Canadian Journal of Zoology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : WISC:89033738162
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Summary :

Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of the Life Sciences

Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of the Life Sciences
  • Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Policy and Global Affairs,Development, Security, and Cooperation,Committee on Advances in Technology and the Prevention of Their Application to Next Generation Biowarfare Threats
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-07
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 0309164753
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Summary : Biomedical advances have made it possible to identify and manipulate features of living organisms in useful ways--leading to improvements in public health, agriculture, and other areas. The globalization of scientific and technical expertise also means that many scientists and other individuals around the world are generating breakthroughs in the life sciences and related technologies. The risks posed by bioterrorism and the proliferation of biological weapons capabilities have increased concern about how the rapid advances in genetic engineering and biotechnology could enable the production of biological weapons with unique and unpredictable characteristics. Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of Life Sciences examines current trends and future objectives of research in public health, life sciences, and biomedical science that contain applications relevant to developments in biological weapons 5 to 10 years into the future and ways to anticipate, identify, and mitigate these dangers.

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science
  • Author : National Academy of Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Working Group on Teaching Evolution
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-05-06
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 9780309063647
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Summary : Today many school students are shielded from one of the most important concepts in modern science: evolution. In engaging and conversational style, Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science provides a well-structured framework for understanding and teaching evolution. Written for teachers, parents, and community officials as well as scientists and educators, this book describes how evolution reveals both the great diversity and similarity among the Earth's organisms; it explores how scientists approach the question of evolution; and it illustrates the nature of science as a way of knowing about the natural world. In addition, the book provides answers to frequently asked questions to help readers understand many of the issues and misconceptions about evolution. The book includes sample activities for teaching about evolution and the nature of science. For example, the book includes activities that investigate fossil footprints and population growth that teachers of science can use to introduce principles of evolution. Background information, materials, and step-by-step presentations are provided for each activity. In addition, this volume: Presents the evidence for evolution, including how evolution can be observed today. Explains the nature of science through a variety of examples. Describes how science differs from other human endeavors and why evolution is one of the best avenues for helping students understand this distinction. Answers frequently asked questions about evolution. Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science builds on the 1996 National Science Education Standards released by the National Research Council--and offers detailed guidance on how to evaluate and choose instructional materials that support the standards. Comprehensive and practical, this book brings one of today's educational challenges into focus in a balanced and reasoned discussion. It will be of special interest to teachers of science, school administrators, and interested members of the community.

Development and Evolution of Brain Size

Development and Evolution of Brain Size
  • Author : Martine Hahn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 9780323151535
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Summary : Development and Evolution of Brain Size: Behavioral Implications contains the proceedings of a symposium entitled ""Development and Evolution of Brain Size: Behavioral Implications,"" held at William Paterson College in Wayne, New Jersey, in April 1978. The papers explore the relationship between evolution and development and its implications for brain size and behavior. This book is comprised of 18 chapters and begins with an overview of the brain-behavior relationship, with emphasis on the importance of brain size for behavior; the effects of genetic selection for brain size on brain substructures and behavior; and whether genetic and environmental manipulations of brain size have similar consequences. The next two chapters explain evolutionary theory and the evolution of the human brain as well as diversity in brain size. A general model for brain evolution that offers some synthetic possibilities for approaching the questions of brain evolution, size, allometry, and reorganization is then described. The correlation between cerebral indices and behavioral differences is also discussed, along with biochemical correlates of selective breeding for brain size. The results of an experiment that assessed the effects of early undernutrition on brain and behavior of developing mice are presented. This monograph should be of interest to students and practitioners in a wide range of disciplines, including evolutionary biology and clinical psychology.

Molecular Biology Frontiers

Molecular Biology Frontiers
  • Author : T.P. Mommsen,Peter W. Hochachka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993-12-15
  • Total pages :470
  • ISBN : 0444816631
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Summary : This second volume in the series covers such topics as DNA fingerprinting of fishes, the cytochromes P450 in fish, the molecular biology of bacterial fish diseases, and new insights into the origins of the diversity and distribution of fish antifreeze proteins. The book will be of great value to fisheries scientists, animal biochemists, physiologists and endocrinologists, and aquaculturists. It will provide researchers and students alike with a pertinent information source from theoretical and experimental angles.

Environmental and Ecological Biochemistry

Environmental and Ecological Biochemistry
  • Author : Peter W. Hochachka,T. P. Mommsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :455
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822023312325
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Summary : Hardbound. This fifth volume in this established series deals with the biochemical responses of fish to different environmental/ecological factors. Topics covered include oxygen availability, effects of temperature and pressure, adverse effects of metabolites, effects of stress and many more.The book should be of interest to fish biochemists and physiologists, aquaculturists and many other fisheries and animal scientists.

Advances in the Understanding of Biological Sciences Using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) Approaches

Advances in the Understanding of Biological Sciences Using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) Approaches
  • Author : Gaurav Sablok,Sunil Kumar,Saneyoshi Ueno,Jimmy Kuo,Claudio Varotto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-16
  • Total pages :241
  • ISBN : 9783319171579
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Summary : Provides a global view of the recent advances in the biological sciences and the adaption of the pathogen to the host plants revealed using NGS. Molecular Omic’s is now a major driving force to learn the adaption genetics and a great challenge to the scientific community, which can be resolved through the application of the NGS technologies. The availability of complete genome sequences, the respective model species for dicot and monocot plant groups, presents a global opportunity to delineate the identification, function and the expression of the genes, to develop new tools for the identification of the new genes and pathway identification. Genome-wide research tools, resources and approaches such as data mining for structural similarities, gene expression profiling at the DNA and RNA level with rapid increase in available genome sequencing efforts, expressed sequence tags (ESTs), RNA-seq, gene expression profiling, induced deletion mutants and insertional mutants, and gene expression knock-down (gene silencing) studies with RNAi and microRNAs have become integral parts of plant molecular omic’s. Molecular diversity and mutational approaches present the first line of approach to unravel the genetic and molecular basis for several traits, QTL related to disease resistance, which includes host approaches to combat the pathogens and to understand the adaptation of the pathogen to the plant host. Using NGS technologies, understanding of adaptation genetics towards stress tolerance has been correlated to the epigenetics. Naturally occurring allelic variations, genome shuffling and variations induced by chemical or radiation mutagenesis are also being used in functional genomics to elucidate the pathway for the pathogen and stress tolerance and is widely illustrated in demonstrating the identification of the genes responsible for tolerance in plants, bacterial and fungal species.

The Journal of Experimental Biology

The Journal of Experimental Biology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : NWU:35558005641614
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Summary :

The Evolution of Beauty

The Evolution of Beauty
  • Author : Richard O. Prum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-09
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9780385537223
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Summary : A FINALIST FOR THE PULITZER PRIZE NAMED A BEST BOOK OF THE YEAR BY THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW, SMITHSONIAN, AND WALL STREET JOURNAL A major reimagining of how evolutionary forces work, revealing how mating preferences—what Darwin termed "the taste for the beautiful"—create the extraordinary range of ornament in the animal world. In the great halls of science, dogma holds that Darwin's theory of natural selection explains every branch on the tree of life: which species thrive, which wither away to extinction, and what features each evolves. But can adaptation by natural selection really account for everything we see in nature? Yale University ornithologist Richard Prum—reviving Darwin's own views—thinks not. Deep in tropical jungles around the world are birds with a dizzying array of appearances and mating displays: Club-winged Manakins who sing with their wings, Great Argus Pheasants who dazzle prospective mates with a four-foot-wide cone of feathers covered in golden 3D spheres, Red-capped Manakins who moonwalk. In thirty years of fieldwork, Prum has seen numerous display traits that seem disconnected from, if not outright contrary to, selection for individual survival. To explain this, he dusts off Darwin's long-neglected theory of sexual selection in which the act of choosing a mate for purely aesthetic reasons—for the mere pleasure of it—is an independent engine of evolutionary change. Mate choice can drive ornamental traits from the constraints of adaptive evolution, allowing them to grow ever more elaborate. It also sets the stakes for sexual conflict, in which the sexual autonomy of the female evolves in response to male sexual control. Most crucially, this framework provides important insights into the evolution of human sexuality, particularly the ways in which female preferences have changed male bodies, and even maleness itself, through evolutionary time. The Evolution of Beauty presents a unique scientific vision for how nature's splendor contributes to a more complete understanding of evolution and of ourselves.

Ecology Abstracts

Ecology Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105014019553
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Summary : Indexes journal articles in ecology and environmental science. Nearly 700 journals are indexed in full or in part, and the database indexes literature published from 1982 to the present. Coverage includes habitats, food chains, erosion, land reclamation, resource and ecosystems management, modeling, climate, water resources, soil, and pollution.

This Is Biology

This Is Biology
  • Author : Ernst Mayr
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-09-15
  • Total pages :323
  • ISBN : 0674884698
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Summary : "(A) lively book . . . on how biologists study living things. . . . Its range is enormous. . . . This is an old-fashioned book, to be read slowly, more than once, and to be thought about afterward".--Ann Finkbeiner, "The New York Times Book Review". Chart.

A Conceptual History of Modern Embryology

A Conceptual History of Modern Embryology
  • Author : Scott F. Gilbert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9781461568230
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Summary : "Glory to the science of embryology!" So Johannes Holtfreter closed his letter to this editor when he granted permission to publish his article in this volume. And glory there is: glory in the phenomenon of animals developing their complex morphologies from fertilized eggs, and glory in the efforts of a relatively small group of scientists to understand these wonderful events. Embryology is unique among the biological disciplines, for it denies the hegemony of the adult and sees value (indeed, more value) in the stages that lead up to the fully developed organism. It seeks the origin, and not merely the maintenance, of the body. And if embryology is the study of the embryo as seen over time, the history of embryology is a second-order derivative, seeing how the study of embryos changes over time. As Jane Oppenheimer pointed out, "Sci ence, like life itself, indeed like history, itself, is a historical phenomenon. It can build itself only out of its past. " Thus, there are several ways in which embryology and the history of embryology are similar. Each takes a current stage of a developing entity and seeks to explain the paths that brought it to its present condition. Indeed, embryology used to be called Entwicklungsgeschichte, the developmental history of the organism. Both embryology and its history interpret the interplay between internal factors and external agents in the causation of new processes and events.

Bioengineering

Bioengineering
  • Author : Mirjana Pavlovic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-10
  • Total pages :298
  • ISBN : 9783319107981
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Summary : This book explores critical principles and new concepts in bioengineering, integrating the biological, physical and chemical laws and principles that provide a foundation for the field. Both biological and engineering perspectives are included, with key topics such as the physical-chemical properties of cells, tissues and organs; principles of molecules; composition and interplay in physiological scenarios; and the complex physiological functions of heart, neuronal cells, muscle cells and tissues. Chapters evaluate the emerging fields of nanotechnology, drug delivery concepts, biomaterials, and regenerative therapy. The leading individuals and events are introduced along with their critical research. Bioengineering: A Conceptual Approach is a valuable resource for professionals or researchers interested in understanding the central elements of bioengineering. Advanced-level students in biomedical engineering and computer science will also find this book valuable as a secondary textbook or reference.

A New Biology for the 21st Century

A New Biology for the 21st Century
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century: Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-20
  • Total pages :112
  • ISBN : 0309147867
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Summary : Now more than ever, biology has the potential to contribute practical solutions to many of the major challenges confronting the United States and the world. A New Biology for the 21st Century recommends that a "New Biology" approach--one that depends on greater integration within biology, and closer collaboration with physical, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to find solutions to four key societal needs: sustainable food production, ecosystem restoration, optimized biofuel production, and improvement in human health. The approach calls for a coordinated effort to leverage resources across the federal, private, and academic sectors to help meet challenges and improve the return on life science research in general.

Animal Behavior

Animal Behavior
  • Author : Michael D. Breed,Janice Moore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-16
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 9780128016831
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Summary : Animal Behavior, Second Edition, covers the broad sweep of animal behavior from its neurological underpinnings to the importance of behavior in conservation. The authors, Michael Breed and Janice Moore, bring almost 60 years of combined experience as university professors to this textbook, much of that teaching animal behavior. An entire chapter is devoted to the vibrant new field of behavior and conservation, including topics such as social behavior and the relationship between parasites, pathogens, and behavior. Thoughtful coverage has also been given to foraging behavior, mating and parenting behavior, anti-predator behavior, and learning. This text addresses the physiological foundations of behavior in a way that is both accessible and inviting, with each chapter beginning with learning objectives and ending with thought-provoking questions. Additionally, special terms and definitions are highlighted throughout. Animal Behavior provides a rich resource for students (and professors) from a wide range of life science disciplines. Provides a rich resource for students and professors from a wide range of life science disciplines Updated and revised chapters, with at least 50% new case studies and the addition of contemporary in-text examples Expanded and updated coverage of animal welfare topics Includes behavior and homeostatic mechanisms, behavior and conservation, and behavioral aspects of disease Available lab manual with fully developed and tested laboratory exercises Companion website includes newly developed slide sets/templates (PowerPoints) coordinated with the book