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Concise Encyclopedia of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis

Concise Encyclopedia of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis
  • Author : Inna P. Borovinskaya,Alexander A. Gromov,Evgeny A. Levashov,Yuri M. Maksimov,Alexander S. Mukasyan,Alexander S. Rogachev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-09
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 9780128041888
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Summary : The Concise Encyclopedia of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis: History, Theory, Technology, and Products helps students and scientists understand the fundamental concepts behind self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS). SHS-based technologies provide valuable alterations to traditional methods of material fabrication, such as powder metallurgy, conventional and force sintering, casting, extrusion, high isostatic pressure sintering, and others. The book captures the whole spectrum of the chemistry, physics, reactions, materials, and processes of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. This book is an indispensable resource not only to scientists working in the field of SHS, but also to researchers in multidisciplinary fields such as chemical engineering, metallurgy, material science, combustion, explosion, and the chemistry of solids. Written by high-level experts in the field from 20 different countries, along with editors who are founders of the field Covers 169 topics in the field of SHS Features new phenomena, such as acoustics and high-energy reactions in combustion synthesis Provides an overview of many aspects of the constructive application of the combustion phenomenon, for example, in the fabrication of advanced materials

Combustion for Material Synthesis

Combustion for Material Synthesis
  • Author : Alexander S. Rogachev,Alexander S. Mukasyan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-15
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9781482239522
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Summary : Exposes a Powerful Material-Making ToolDedicated to the physical, chemical, and structural transformations that take place during combustion synthesis (CS) of advanced materials, Combustion for Material Synthesis analyzes the nature of solid flame phenomenon and provides readers with undisputed proof thatfire' is a powerful tool used in making ma

Biomaterials and Implant Biocompatibility

Biomaterials and Implant Biocompatibility
  • Author : Anişoara Cîmpean,Florin Miculescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-10
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9783039282166
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Summary : The scientific advances in life sciences and engineering are constantly challenging, expanding, and redefining concepts related to the biocompatibility and safety of medical devices. New biomaterials, new products, and new testing regimes are being introduced to scientific research practices. In order to provide clinically predictive results and to ensure a high benefit–risk ratio for patients, we need to optimize material and implant characteristics, and to adapt performance and safety evaluation practices for these innovative medical devices. Various characteristics related to materials and implant development such as raw materials composition, implant surface morphology, design, geometry, porosity, and mechanical properties need to be thoroughly characterized before evaluating the biological performance of implants. Furthermore, with the increase of regulatory demands, biological evaluation needs to ensure appropriate models and methods for each implant development stage. This book is a result of the Special Issue of Materials on "Biomaterials and Implant Biocompatibility”, which focused on the recent progress in development, material testing, and the biocompatibility and bioactivity evaluation of various materials including, but not limited to, bioceramics, biopolymers, biometals, composite materials, biomimetic materials, hybrid biomaterials, and drug/device combinations for implants and prostheses with medical applications spanning from soft to hard tissue regeneration. The book covers aspects ranging from investigations into material characterization to in vitro and in vivo testing for the assessment of biological performance of advanced, novel biomaterials and implants.

The Concise Encyclopedia of Statistics

The Concise Encyclopedia of Statistics
  • Author : Yadolah Dodge
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-04-15
  • Total pages :622
  • ISBN : 9780387317427
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Summary : The Concise Encyclopedia of Statistics presents the essential information about statistical tests, concepts, and analytical methods in language that is accessible to practitioners and students of the vast community using statistics in medicine, engineering, physical science, life science, social science, and business/economics. The reference is alphabetically arranged to provide quick access to the fundamental tools of statistical methodology and biographies of famous statisticians. The more than 500 entries include definitions, history, mathematical details, limitations, examples, references, and further readings. All entries include cross-references as well as the key citations. The back matter includes a timeline of statistical inventions. This reference will be an enduring resource for locating convenient overviews about this essential field of study.

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials
  • Author : Anthony Kelly
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :317
  • ISBN : 0262111454
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Summary : The Concise Encyclopedias draw relevant articles from the Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering, the only complete reference work in this rapidly developing field. Where necessary, articles have been revised and new articles have been commissioned to provide current accounts of the most recent developments in each area. Copublished with Pergamon Press. The Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials provides a full and up-to-date account of composite materials, particularly fiber composites. The important mechanical properties of fiber composites are covered and discussed in the context of particulate composites and naturally occurring composite materials. Metal matrix composites and fiber-reinforced thermoplastic resins are also covered.

Nanomaterials Synthesis

Nanomaterials Synthesis
  • Author : Yasir Beeran Pottathara,Sabu Thomas,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Yves Grohens,Vanja Kokol
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-29
  • Total pages :594
  • ISBN : 9780128157527
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Summary : Nanomaterials Synthesis: Design, Fabrication and Applications combines the present and emerging trends of synthesis routes of nanomaterials with the incorporation of various technologies. The book covers the new trends and challenges in the synthesis and surface engineering of a wide range of nanomaterials, including emerging technologies used for their synthesis. Significant properties, safety and sustainability and environmental impacts of the synthesis routes are explored. This book is an important information source that will help materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about how different classes of nanomaterials are designed. Highlights recent developments in, and opportunities created by, new nanomaterials synthesis methods Explains major synthesis techniques for different types of nanomaterials Discusses the challenges of using a variety of synthesis methods

Thermitic Thermodynamics

Thermitic Thermodynamics
  • Author : Anthony Peter Gordon Shaw
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-13
  • Total pages :1068
  • ISBN : 9781351056601
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Summary : Thermites, which are generally considered to be reactive mixtures of powdered metals and metal oxides, are an important subset of energetic materials. The underlying thermodynamic properties of a given mixture dictate whether it may undergo a self-sustaining reaction, liberating heat in the process. Thermodynamic information in the existing scientific literature regarding thermitic combinations is scattered and incomplete. Currently, a comprehensive overview of this nature would be of great use to those working in the areas of pyrotechnics, pyrometallurgy, high-temperature chemistry, and materials science. Thermitic Thermodynamics solves this problem by describing the results of calculations on over 800 combinations of metal, metalloid, and metal oxide reactants. Other features include: A first-of-its-kind adiabatic survey of binary thermitic reactions Provides an overview of key trends in exothermic metal-metal oxide reactivity Describes the role of non-oxide product formation in thermitic systems Explains how to interpret the results of thermochemical calculations effectively An invaluable resource, this book provides an accessible introduction for students and is also an enduring guide for professionals.

Concise Encyclopedia of Brain and Language

Concise Encyclopedia of Brain and Language
  • Author : Harry A. Whitaker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-04-08
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 0080964990
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Summary : This volume descibes, in up-to-date terminology and authoritative interpretation, the field of neurolinguistics, the science concerned with the neural mechanisms underlying the comprehension, production and abstract knowledge of spoken, signed or written language. An edited anthology of 165 articles from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2nd edition, Encyclopedia of Neuroscience 4th Edition and Encyclopedia of the Neorological Sciences and Neurological Disorders, it provides the most comprehensive one-volume reference solution for scientists working with language and the brain ever published. Authoritative review of this dynamic field placed in an interdisciplinary context Approximately 165 articles by leaders in the field Compact and affordable single-volume format

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials

Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials
  • Author : A. Kelly
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :349
  • ISBN : 9780080912653
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Summary : The Concise Encyclopedia of Composite Materials, first published as a hardbound edition in 1989, has been updated and revised and is now available as a paperback for individual researchers requiring a fundamental reference source for this dynamic field. Since 1989, research involving composite materials has advanced rapidly and this revised edition reflects those changes with the addition of new articles, including recent work on nanocomposites, smart composite materials systems, and metallic multilayers. The 67 articles included in this revised edition are presented in alphabetical order and each provides an introduction to one aspect of composite materials. Every article is extensively cross-referenced and includes a full bibliography. The volume contains over 250 photographs, drawings and tables as well as exhaustive subject and author indexes. The comprehensive breadth of coverage of the field of composite materials makes this volume an invaluable source of reference for materials scientists and mechanical engineers involved in industrial and academic research into the fabrication, properties and applications of composite materials.

Concise Encyclopedia of High Performance Silicones

Concise Encyclopedia of High Performance Silicones
  • Author : Atul Tiwari,Mark D. Soucek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-03
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9781118938447
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Summary : The encyclopedia will be an invaluable source of information for researchers and students from diverse backgrounds including physics, chemistry, materials science and surface engineering, biotechnology, pharmacy, medical science, and biomedical engineering.

Synthesis of High-Silica Aluminosilicate Zeolites

Synthesis of High-Silica Aluminosilicate Zeolites
  • Author : J.A. Martens,P.A. Jacobs
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987-05-01
  • Total pages :387
  • ISBN : 0080960677
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Summary : This book provides an overview of all new high-silica zeolites which have been discovered between 1975 and 1985. The first part presents some 25 proven recipes for the preparation of high-silica zeolites and describes the characteristics of the materials obtained. This will allow bench-scale production of these materials for scientific research. In the second part, high-silica zeolites with solved structure type are discussed. This part classifies many proprietary materials according to known structure types, and describes the rules and parameters which govern the formation of these materials. In the third part, the formation and characteristics of high-silica zeolites with unknown structure type are discussed. The book contains a wealth of information for all those scientists who incorporate the use of high-silica zeolites in their work.

Plastics Materials and Processes

Plastics Materials and Processes
  • Author : Charles A. Harper,Edward M. Petrie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-10-10
  • Total pages :1008
  • ISBN : 0471459208
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Summary : Plastics Materials and Processes: A Concise Encyclopedia is a resource for anyone with an interest in plastic materials and processes, from seasoned professionals to laypeople. Arranged in alphabetical order, it clearly explains all of the materials and processes as well as their major application areas and usages. Plastics Materials and Processes: A Concise Encyclopedia: Discusses and describes applications and practical uses of the materials and processes. Clear definitions and sufficient depth to satisfy the information seekers needs

Total Synthesis of Natural Products

Total Synthesis of Natural Products
  • Author : Jie Jack Li,E.J. Corey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :279
  • ISBN : 9783642340659
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Summary : 'Total Synthesis of Natural Products' is written and edited by some of today's leaders in organic chemistry. Eleven chapters cover a range of natural products, from steroids to alkaloids. Each chapter contains an introduction to the natural product in question, descriptions of its biological and pharmacological properties and outlines of total synthesis procedures already carried out. Particular emphasis is placed on novel methodologies developed by the respective authors and their research groups. This text is ideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, as well as organic chemists in academia and industry.

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa
  • Author : Washington Odongo Ochola,P. C. Sanginga,Isaac Bekalo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :538
  • ISBN : 9789966792099
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Summary : The complex and dynamic interlinks between natural resource management (NRM) and development have long been recognized by national and international research and development organizations and have generated voluminous literature. However, much of what is available in the form of university course books, practical learning manuals and reference materials in NRM is based on experiences from outside Africa. Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa: A Resource Book provides an understanding of the various levels at which NRM issues occur and are being addressed scientifically, economically, socially and politically. The book's nine chapters present state-of-the-art perspectives within a holistic African context. The book systematically navigates the tricky landscape of integrated NRM, with special reference to Eastern and Southern Africa, against the backdrop of prevailing local, national, regional and global social, economic and environmental challenges. The authors' wide experience, the rich references made to emerging challenges and opportunities, and the presentation of different tools, principles, approaches, case studies and processes make the book a rich and valuable one-stop resource for postgraduate students, researchers, policymakers and NRM practitioners. The book is designed to help the reader grasp in-depth NRM perspectives and presents innovative guidance for research design and problem solving, including review questions, learning activities and recommended further reading. The book was developed through a writeshop process by a multi-disciplinary team of lecturers from the University of Nairobi, Egerton University, Kenyatta University, the University of Zimbabwe, the University of Malawi, Makerere University and the University of Dar es Salam. In addition, selected NRM experts from regional and international research organizations including the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), the Africa Forest Forum, RUFORUM, IIRR and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) participated in the writeshop and contributed material to the book.

Chemistry of Nanocrystalline Oxide Materials

Chemistry of Nanocrystalline Oxide Materials
  • Author : K. C. Patil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 9789812793140
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Summary : Nano-oxide materials lend themselves to applications in a wide variety of emerging technological fields such as microelectronics, catalysts, ceramics, coatings, and energy storage. However, developing new routes for making nano-based materials is a challenging area for solid-state materials chemists. This book does just that by describing a novel method for preparing them. The authors have developed a novel low-temperature, self-propagating synthetic route to nano-oxides by the solution combustion and combustible precursor processes. This method provides the desired composition, structure, and properties for many types of technologically useful nanocrystalline oxide materials like alumina, ceria, iron oxides, titania, yttria, and zirconia, among others.The book is particularly instructive in bringing readers one step closer to the exploration of nanomaterials. Students of nanoscience can acquaint themselves with the actual production and evaluation of nanopowders by this route, while academic researchers and industrial scientists will find answers to a host of questions on nano-oxides. The book also provides an impetus for scientists in industrial research to evaluate and explore new ways to scale up the production of nanomaterials, offering helpful suggestions for further research.

Advanced Inorganic Fibers

Advanced Inorganic Fibers
  • Author : Frederick T. Wallenberger,John B. MacChesney,Roger Naslain,Harold D. Ackler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-27
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9781441987228
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Summary : F. T. Wallenberger This book serves as an introduction to advanced inorganic fibers and aims to support fundamental research, assist applied scientists and designers in industry, and facilitate materials science instruction in universities and colleges. Its three main sections deal with fibers which are derived from the vapor phase such as single crystal silicon whiskers or carbon nanotubes, from the liquid phase such as advanced glass and single crystal oxide fibers, and from solid precursor fibers such as carbon and ceramic fibers. Contents FIBERS FROM THE VAPOR, LIQUID AND SOLID PHASE 1.1 The most important phase isthe liquid phase 1.2 Afiber by any name isstill afiber 1.3 Biographic sketches ofthe authors 1.4 Acknowledgments CHAPTER 1 FIBERS FROM THE VAPOR, LIQUID AND SOLID PHASE F. T. Wallenberger The book describes advanced inorganic fibers, focuses on principles and concepts, analyzes experimental and commercial processes, and relates process variables to structures, structures tofiber properties and fiber properties to end-use performance. In principle, there are discontinuous or inherently short, and continuous or potentially endless, fibers. Short fibers range from asbestos fibers, which were described as early as 300 BC to carbon nanotubes which were discovered in 1991 [1] and have been fully described in 1999 [2].

Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases

Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases
  • Author : Michel Tibayrenc
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-07-31
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 0470114193
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Summary : Discover how the application of novel multidisciplinary, integrative approaches and technologies are dramatically changing our understanding of the pathogenesis of infectious diseases and their treatments. Each article presents the state of the science, with a strong emphasis on new and emerging medical applications. The Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases is organized into five parts. The first part examines current threats such as AIDS, malaria, SARS, and influenza. The second part addresses the evolution of pathogens and the relationship between human genetic diversity and the spread of infectious diseases. The next two parts highlight the most promising uses of molecular identification, vector control, satellite detection, surveillance, modeling, and high-throughput technologies. The final part explores specialized topics of current concern, including bioterrorism, world market and infectious diseases, and antibiotics for public health. Each article is written by one or more leading experts in the field of infectious diseases. These experts place all the latest findings from various disciplines in context, helping readers understand what is currently known, what the next generation of breakthroughs is likely to be, and where more research is needed. Several features facilitate research and deepen readers' understanding of infectious diseases: Illustrations help readers understand the pathogenesis and diagnosis of infectious diseases Lists of Web resources serve as a gateway to important research centers, government agencies, and other sources of information from around the world Information boxes highlight basic principles and specialized terminology International contributions offer perspectives on how infectious diseases are viewed by different cultures A special chapter discusses the representation of infectious diseases in art With its multidisciplinary approach, this encyclopedia helps point researchers in new promising directions and helps health professionals better understand the nature and treatment of infectious diseases.

TMS 2017 146th Annual Meeting & Exhibition Supplemental Proceedings

TMS 2017 146th Annual Meeting & Exhibition Supplemental Proceedings
  • Author : The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society TMS
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-18
  • Total pages :818
  • ISBN : 9783319514932
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Summary : This collection features papers presented at the 146th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society.

Lunar Sourcebook

Lunar Sourcebook
  • Author : Grant Heiken,David Vaniman,Bevan M. French
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-04-26
  • Total pages :736
  • ISBN : 0521334446
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Summary : The only work to date to collect data gathered during the American and Soviet missions in an accessible and complete reference of current scientific and technical information about the Moon.

The Encyclopedia of Advanced Materials

The Encyclopedia of Advanced Materials
  • Author : David Bloor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :3152
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822018793356
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Summary :

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials
  • Author : Munmaya Mishra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1482246112
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Summary :