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Conservation Policies for Agricultural Biodiversity

Conservation Policies for Agricultural Biodiversity
  • Author : Lekha Laxman,Abdul Haseeb Ansari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-01
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780128214589
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Summary : Conservation Policies for Agricultural Biodiversity: A Comparative Study of Laws and Policies focuses on the challenge of securing the ecological future of the planet and its inhabitants by exploring the Convention of Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing and WTO laws, such as SPSS, TBT GATT. This book demonstrates how the urgent problem of biodiversity loss can be addressed by challenging notions of national self-interest and security for the purpose of implementing policies that will benefit humanity and, more importantly, ensure the future of our planet. Delves into the current approaches adopted in the framework of global environmental governance Investigates the origins, operations and effects of legal regimes, policies and practices related to the conservation of biodiversity Presents a comparative study of laws and policies, providing an in-depth understanding of the factors behind the lack of success in conserving agricultural biodiversity

Conservation Policies for Agricultural Biodiversity

Conservation Policies for Agricultural Biodiversity
  • Author : Lekha Laxman,Abdul Haseeb Ansari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-15
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 0128214414
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Summary : Conservation Policies for Agricultural Biodiversity: A Comparative Study of Laws and Policies focuses on the challenge of securing the ecological future of the planet and its inhabitants by exploring the Convention of Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing and WTO laws, such as SPSS, TBT GATT. This book demonstrates how the urgent problem of biodiversity loss can be addressed by challenging notions of national self-interest and security for the purpose of implementing policies that will benefit humanity and, more importantly, ensure the future of our planet. Delves into the current approaches adopted in the framework of global environmental governance Investigates the origins, operations and effects of legal regimes, policies and practices related to the conservation of biodiversity Presents a comparative study of laws and policies, providing an in-depth understanding of the factors behind the lack of success in conserving agricultural biodiversity

Routledge Handbook of Agricultural Biodiversity

Routledge Handbook of Agricultural Biodiversity
  • Author : Danny Hunter,Luigi Guarino,Charles Spillane,Peter C. McKeown
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-03
  • Total pages :692
  • ISBN : 9781317753285
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Summary : The world relies on very few crop and animal species for agriculture and to supply its food needs. In recent decades, there has been increased appreciation of the risk this implies for food security and quality, especially in times of environmental change. As a result, agricultural biodiversity has moved to the top of research and policy agendas. This Handbook presents a comprehensive overview of our current knowledge of agricultural biodiversity in a series of specially commissioned chapters. It draws on multiple disciplines including plant and animal genetics, ecology, crop and animal science, food studies and nutrition, as well as social science subjects which explore the socio-economic, cultural, institutional, legal and policy aspects of agricultural biodiversity. It focuses not only on the core requirements to deliver a sustainable agriculture and food supply, but also highlights the additional ecosystem services provided by a diverse and resilient agricultural landscape and farming practices. The book provides an indispensable reference textbook for a wide range of courses in agriculture, ecology, biodiversity conservation and environmental studies.

Agriculture, Biodiversity and Markets

Agriculture, Biodiversity and Markets
  • Author : Stewart Lockie,David Carpenter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :337
  • ISBN : 9781849774376
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Summary : Debate about how best to ensure the preservation of agricultural biodiversity is caught in a counter-productive polemic between proponents and critics of market-based instruments and agricultural modernization. However, it is argued in this book that neither position does justice to the range of strategies that farmers use to manage agrobiodiversity and other livelihood assets as they adapt to changing social, economic, and environmental circumstances.

Agricultural Biodiversity and Biotechnology in Economic Development

Agricultural Biodiversity and Biotechnology in Economic Development
  • Author : Joseph Cooper,Leslie Lipper,David Zilberman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-09-16
  • Total pages :499
  • ISBN : 0387254072
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Summary : The topics addressed in this book are of vital importance to the survival of humankind. Agricultural biodiversity, encompassing genetic diversity as well as human knowledge, is the base upon which agricultural production has been built, and protecting this resource is critical to ensuring the capacity of current and future generations to adapt to unforeseen challenges. Agricultural biodiversity underpins the productivity of all agricultural systems and is particularly important for poor and food-insecure farmers, who maintain highly diverse production systems in response to the marginal and risky production conditions they operate under. Understanding the importance of agricultural biodiversity in the livelihoods of the food insecure and enhancing its performance through the use of a variety of tools, including biotechnology, is a critically important issue in the world today, where over 800 million people have insufficient food to meet minimum needs. A strong theme that runs throughout the book is the importance of good public policy interventions to promote the provision of public goods associated with agricultural biodiversity conservation and directing biotechnology development to meet the needs of the poor. The book's primary innovation is that it describes the relationship between biotechnology and plant genetic diversity and puts these in the context of agricultural development. Both the conservation of plant genetic diversity and agricultural biotechnology have received extensive examination, but the linkages between the two have not, despite the apparently obvious relationship between the two.

Nature's Matrix

Nature's Matrix
  • Author : Ivette Perfecto,John H. Vandermeer,Angus Lindsay Wright
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :257
  • ISBN : 9781849770132
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Summary : Landscapes are frequently seen as fragments of natural habitat surrounded by a 'sea' of agriculture. But recent ecological theory shows that the nature of these fragments is not nearly as important for conservation as is the nature of the matrix of agriculture that surrounds them. Local extinctions from conservation fragments are inevitable and must be balanced by migrations if massive extinction is to be avoided. High migration rates only occur in what the authors refer to as 'high quality' matrices, which are created by alternative agroecological techniques, as opposed to the industrial monocultural model of agriculture. The authors argue that the only way to promote such high quality matrices is to work with rural social movements. Their ideas are at odds with the major trends of some of the large conservation organizations that emphasize targeted land purchases of protected areas. They argue that recent advances in ecological research make such a general approach anachronistic and call, rather, for solidarity with the small farmers around the world who are currently struggling to attain food sovereignty.Nature's Matrix proposes a radically new approach to the conservation of biodiversity based on recent advances in the science of ecology plus political realities, particularly in the world's tropical regions.

The State of the World's Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture

The State of the World's Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-12
  • Total pages :577
  • ISBN : 9789251312704
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Summary : The State of the World's Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture presents the first global assessment of biodiversity for food and agriculture worldwide. Biodiversity for food and agriculture is the diversity of plants, animals and micro-organisms at genetic, species and ecosystem levels, present in and around crop, livestock, forest and aquatic production systems. It is essential to the structure, functions and processes of these systems, to livelihoods and food security, and to the supply of a wide range of ecosystem services. It has been managed or influenced by farmers, livestock keepers, forest dwellers, fish farmers and fisherfolk for hundreds of generations. Prepared through a participatory, country-driven process, the report draws on information from 91 country reports to provide a description of the roles and importance of biodiversity for food and agriculture, the drivers of change affecting it and its current status and trends. It describes the state of efforts to promote the sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity for food and agriculture, including through the development of supporting policies, legal frameworks, institutions and capacities. It concludes with a discussion of needs and challenges in the future management of biodiversity for food and agriculture. The report complements other global assessments prepared under the auspices of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, which have focused on the state of genetic resources within particular sectors of food and agriculture.

Agri-Environmental Policies in a Transitional Economy: The Value of Agricultural Biodiversity in Hungarian Home Gardens

Agri-Environmental Policies in a Transitional Economy: The Value of Agricultural Biodiversity in Hungarian Home Gardens
  • Author : Ekin Birol, Melinda Smale, and Ágnes Gyovai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

The Economics of Conserving Agricultural Biodiversity On-farm

The Economics of Conserving Agricultural Biodiversity On-farm
  • Author : Melinda Smale,István Már,Devra I. Jarvis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-06-30
  • Total pages :73
  • ISBN : 9789290435440
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Summary :

Biodiversity in Ecosystems

Biodiversity in Ecosystems
  • Author : Juan A. Blanco,Yueh-Hsin Lo,Shovonlal Roy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-17
  • Total pages :642
  • ISBN : 9789535120285
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Summary : The term biodiversity has become a mainstream concept that can be found in any newspaper at any given time. Concerns on biodiversity protection are usually linked to species protection and extinction risks for iconic species, such as whales, pandas and so on. However, conserving biodiversity has much deeper implications than preserving a few (although important) species. Biodiversity in ecosystems is tightly linked to ecosystem functions such as biomass production, organic matter decomposition, ecosystem resilience, and others. Many of these ecological processes are also directly implied in services that the humankind obtains from ecosystems. The first part of this book will introduce different concepts and theories important to understand the links between ecosystem function and ecosystem biodiversity. The second part of the book provides a wide range of different studies showcasing the evidence and practical implications of such relationships.

In situ conservation of agricultural biodiversity on-farm: lessons learned and policy implications

In situ conservation of agricultural biodiversity on-farm: lessons learned and policy implications
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9789290436881
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Summary :

Managing Biodiversity in Agricultural Ecosystems

Managing Biodiversity in Agricultural Ecosystems
  • Author : Devra Ivy Jarvis,Christine Padoch,H. David Cooper
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :492
  • ISBN : 023113648X
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Summary : Describes how farmers manage, maintain, and benefit from biodiversity in agricultural production systems. Includes the most recent research and developments in the maintenance of local diversity at the genetic, species, and ecosystem levels.

A Comparative Study of Laws and Policies Impacting the Conservation of Biodiversity with Special Reference to Agricultural Biodiversity

A Comparative Study of Laws and Policies Impacting the Conservation of Biodiversity with Special Reference to Agricultural Biodiversity
  • Author : Lekha Kunju Pillai Laxman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :1592
  • ISBN : OCLC:957283159
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Summary : The process of rapid development comes with a price and it is mostly done at the expense of biodiversity and general environmental degradation. The complex interrelationship between agricultural biodiversity and biotechnology as well as the conflicting institutional interplay in the international governance of the conservation and use of plant genetic resources has resulted in a trade-environment deadlock between the technologically advanced developed nations and genetically resource rich developing and least developed nations to the detriment of the collective interests of the global community. The aim of the current research is to investigate the origins, operations and effects of legal regimes, policies and practices related to conservation of biodiversity. It undertakes a comparative study of laws and policies in this area to gain an in-depth understanding of the factors behind the lack of success in conserving biodiversity in general and agricultural biodiversity in particular and explores ways in which the conflicts between the WTO Agreements and the CBD can be resolved. The research undertook a socio-legal approach utilizing a qualitative research method which predominantly relied on content analysis of provisions in the various treaties that had a bearing on conservation of biodiversity as well as decided cases, reports and studies that analyzed the implementation of these treaties. The findings of the study indicated that global governance structures such as the WTO and the CBD have to reinvent themselves in order to meet the challenges of the millennia brought about by cutting edge technologies such as modern biotechnology. The global community also must have an Ubuntu mindset i.e. unity consciousness to tackle global challenges such as biodiversity loss and global warming which threatens the wellbeing of the planet and its inhabitants. Without such a mindset, no technology, policies or laws will be able to avert the global crises which may culminate into massive extinctions and jeopardize the future of this planet. We need to ensure that our policies and laws are entrenched with ethical values promoted at the global level aimed at ensuring the wellbeing of all.

Organic Farming

Organic Farming
  • Author : Petr Konvalina
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-09
  • Total pages :374
  • ISBN : 9789535122562
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Summary : Organic farming is a progressive method of farming and food production it does not mean going back to traditional (old) methods of farming. Many of the traditional farming methods used in the past are still useful today. Organic farming takes the best of these and combines them with modern scientific knowledge. Authors' task was to write a book where many different existing studies could be presented in a single volume, making it easy for the reader to compare methods, results and conclusions. As a result, studies from different countries have been compiled into one book. I believe that the opportunity to compare results and conclusions from different authors will create a new perspective in organic farming and food production. I hope that our book will help researchers and students from all over the world to attain new and interesting results in the field of organic farming and food production.

Biodiversity Conservation in Latin America and the Caribbean

Biodiversity Conservation in Latin America and the Caribbean
  • Author : Allen Blackman,Rebecca Epanchin-Niell,Juha Siikamäki,Daniel Velez-Lopez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-23
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 9781317906858
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Summary : Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region is exceptionally biodiverse. It contains about half of the world’s remaining tropical forests, nearly one-fifth of its coastal habitats, and some of its most productive agricultural and marine areas. But agriculture, fishing and other human activities linked to rapid population and economic growth increasingly threaten that biodiversity. Moreover, poverty, weak regulatory capacity, and limited political will hamper conservation. Given this dilemma, it is critically important to design conservation strategies on the basis of the best available information about both biodiversity and the track records of the various policies that have been used to protect it. This rigorously researched book has three key aims. It describes the status of biodiversity in LAC, the main threats to this biodiversity, and the drivers of these threats. It identifies the main policies being used to conserve biodiversity and assesses their effectiveness and potential for further implementation. It proposes five specific lines of practical action for conserving LAC biodiversity, based on: green agriculture; strengthening terrestrial protected areas and co-management; improving environmental governance; strengthening coastal and marine resource management; and improving biodiversity data and policy evaluation.

Crop Wild Relatives

Crop Wild Relatives
  • Author : Danny Hunter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-25
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9781136538230
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Summary : Crop wild relatives (CWR) are plant species which are more or less closely related to crops. They are a vital resource by providing a pool of genetic variation that can be used in breeding new and better adapted varieties of crops that are resistant to stress, disease, drought and other factors. They will be increasingly important in allowing crops to adapt to the impacts of climate, thus safeguarding future agricultural production. Until recently, the main conservation strategy adopted for CWR has been ex situ - through the maintenance of samples as seed or vegetative material in various kinds of genebank or other facilities. Now the need to conserve CWR in their natural surroundings (in situ) is increasingly recognized. Recent research co-ordinated by Bioversity International has produced a wealth of information on good practices and lessons learned for their effective conservation. This book captures the important practical experiences of countries participating in this work and describes them for the wider conservation community. It includes case studies and examples from Armenia, Bolivia, Madagascar, Sri Lanka and Uzbekistan, which are important centres of diversity for crop wild relatives, and covers four geographical regions - the Caucasus, South America, Africa and the Asia-Pacific Region. It provides practical, relevant information and guidance for the scaling-up of actions targeting CWR conservation around the world.

Ecoagriculture

Ecoagriculture
  • Author : Jeffrey A. McNeely,Future Harvest,Sara J. Scherr
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :323
  • ISBN : 1559636459
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Summary : McNeely (chief scientist, IUCN-The World Conservation Union) and Scherr (advisor, Future Harvest-Washington, D.C.) argue that the maintenance of biological diversity can be compatible with increased agricultural yield. They detail 36 case studies that suggest farmers can gain economic benefits in farming systems that promote biodiversity. Technological innovation is a primary key to the promotion of "ecoagriculture." They provide separate recommendations for areas where the top priorities are maintaining biodiversity, improving agricultural productivity, or promoting poverty reduction.

Diversifying Food and Diets

Diversifying Food and Diets
  • Author : Jessica Fanzo,Danny Hunter,Teresa Borelli,Federico Mattei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-26
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781136461460
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Summary : Currently 868 million people are undernourished and 195 million children under five years of age are stunted. At the same time, over 1 billion people are overweight and obese in both the developed and developing world. Diseases previously associated with affluence, such as cancer, diabetes and cardio-vascular disease, are on the rise. Food system-based approaches to addressing these problems that could enhance food availability and diet quality through local production and agricultural biodiversity often fall outside the traditional scope of nutrition, and have been under-researched. As a consequence, there remains insufficient evidence to support well-defined, scalable agricultural biodiversity interventions that can be linked to improvements in nutrition outcomes. Agricultural biodiversity is important for food and nutritional security, as a safeguard against hunger, a source of nutrients for improved dietary diversity and quality, and strengthening local food systems and environmental sustainability. This book explores the current state of knowledge on the role of agricultural biodiversity in improving diets, nutrition and food security. Using examples and case studies from around the globe, the book explores current strategies for improving nutrition and diets and identifies key research and implementation gaps that need to be addressed to successfully promote the better use of agricultural biodiversity for rural and urban populations and societies in transition.

Community Biodiversity Management

Community Biodiversity Management
  • Author : Walter Simon de Boef,Abishkar Subedi,Nivaldo Peroni,Marja Thijssen,Elizabeth O'Keeffe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-12
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9781136474866
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Summary : The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are issues that have been high on the policy agenda since the first Earth Summit in Rio in 1992. As part of efforts to implement in situ conservation, a methodology referred to as community biodiversity management (CBM) has been developed by those engaged in this arena. CBM contributes to the empowerment of farming communities to manage their biological resources and make informed decisions on the conservation and use of agrobiodiversity. This book is the first to set out a clear overview of CBM as a methodology for meeting socio-environmental changes. CBM is shown to be a key strategy that promotes community resilience, and contributes to the conservation of plant genetic resources. The authors present the underlying concepts and theories of CBM as well as its methodology and practices, and introduce case studies primarily from Brazil, Ethiopia, France, India, and Nepal. Contributors include farmers, leaders of farmers’ organizations, professionals from conservation and development organizations, students and scientists. The book offers inspiration to all those involved in the conservation and use of agrobiodiversity within livelihood development and presents ideas for the implementation of farmers’ rights. The wide collection of experiences illustrates the efforts made by communities throughout the world to cope with change while using diversity and engaging in learning processes. It links these grassroots efforts with debates in policy arenas as a means to respond to the unpredictable changes, such as climate change, that communities face in sustaining their livelihoods.

Biodiversity, Food and Nutrition

Biodiversity, Food and Nutrition
  • Author : Danny Hunter,Teresa Borelli,Eliot Gee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-15
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780429638268
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Summary : This book examines the challenges and impacts of poor diets and nutrition from current food systems and the potential contribution of biodiversity and ecosystem services in addressing these problems. There is a strong need for a multi-level, cross-sectoral approach that connects food biodiversity conservation and sustainable use to address critical problems in our current food systems, including malnutrition. Building on research from the Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition Project (BFN), which aims to better link biodiversity, diets and nutrition, the book presents a multi-country, cross-sectoral analysis of initiatives that have promoted local food biodiversity in four countries: Brazil, Kenya, Turkey and Sri Lanka. This book offers a comprehensive summary of the BFN Project results in each of the four countries along with lessons learned and how this work could be upscaled or applied in other regions. It argues that the strategic promotion and use of food biodiversity is critical in uniting attempts to address conservation, nutrition and livelihood concerns. The book is structured around chapters and case studies encompassing the BFN Project with specific experiences related by partners who played key roles in the work being done in each country. By offering a comparative view capable of furthering dialogue between the respective countries, it is also meant to connect the individual cases for a “greater than the sum of its parts” effect. This means consideration of how localized activities can be adapted to more countries and regions. Therefore, the book addresses global issues with a foot planted firmly in the grounded case study locations. This book will be of great interest to policymakers, practitioners and NGOs working on food and nutrition, as well as students and scholars of agriculture, food systems and sustainable development.

Biodiversity in Agriculture

Biodiversity in Agriculture
  • Author : Canada. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada,Canada. Environment Bureau
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :45
  • ISBN : MSU:31293201321399
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Summary : The intent of this action plan is to define Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada's strategy to work with its partners on issues related to biological diversity from an agricultural perspective. These issues include habitat conversion and fragmentation, agricultural practices, wild species at risk, diversity of domesticated species, exotic species, living modified organisms, and atmospheric changes. Activities described are identified under the four main goals of the plan: promote sustainability in agro-ecosystems while respecting natural ecosystems; increase awareness and understanding of biodiversity in agriculture; conserve and facilitate access to genetic resources important to agriculture; and integrate biodiversity conservation objectives in departmental policies, programs, strategies, regulations, and operations. Appendices include highlights of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Canadian Biodiversity Strategy, examples of departmental biodiversity initiatives, and a glossary.