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Control Theory in Biomedical Engineering

Control Theory in Biomedical Engineering
  • Author : Olfa Boubaker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-30
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 9780128226216
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Summary : Control Theory in Biomedical Engineering: Applications in Physiology and Medical Robotics highlights the importance of control theory and feedback control in our lives and explains how this theory is central to future medical developments. Control theory is fundamental for understanding feedback paths in physiological systems (endocrine system, immune system, neurological system) and a concept for building artificial organs. The book is suitable for graduate students and researchers in the control engineering and biomedical engineering fields, and medical students and practitioners seeking to enhance their understanding of physiological processes, medical robotics (legs, hands, knees), and controlling artificial devices (pacemakers, insulin injection devices). Control theory profoundly impacts the everyday lives of a large part of the human population including the disabled and the elderly who use assistive and rehabilitation robots for improving the quality of their lives and increasing their independence. Gives an overview of state-of-the-art control theory in physiology, emphasizing the importance of this theory in the medical field through concrete examples, e.g., endocrine, immune, and neurological systems Takes a comprehensive look at advances in medical robotics and rehabilitation devices and presents case studies focusing on their feedback control Presents the significance of control theory in the pervasiveness of medical robots in surgery, exploration, diagnosis, therapy, and rehabilitation

Control Applications for Biomedical Engineering Systems

Control Applications for Biomedical Engineering Systems
  • Author : Ahmad Taher Azar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-22
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9780128174623
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Summary : Control Applications for Biomedical Engineering Systems presents different control engineering and modeling applications in the biomedical field. It is intended for senior undergraduate or graduate students in both control engineering and biomedical engineering programs. For control engineering students, it presents the application of various techniques already learned in theoretical lectures in the biomedical arena. For biomedical engineering students, it presents solutions to various problems in the field using methods commonly used by control engineers. Points out theoretical and practical issues to biomedical control systems Brings together solutions developed under different settings with specific attention to the validation of these tools in biomedical settings using real-life datasets and experiments Presents significant case studies on devices and applications

Biomedical Applications of Control Engineering

Biomedical Applications of Control Engineering
  • Author : Selim S. Hacısalihzade
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-21
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : 9783642372797
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Summary : Biomedical Applications of Control Engineering is a lucidly written textbook for graduate control engineering and biomedical engineering students as well as for medical practitioners who want to get acquainted with quantitative methods. It is based on decades of experience both in control engineering and clinical practice. The book begins by reviewing basic concepts of system theory and the modeling process. It then goes on to discuss control engineering application areas like: Different models for the human operator,dosage and timing optimization in oral drug administration, measuring symptoms of and optimal dopaminergic therapy in Parkinson’s disease, measurement and control of blood glucose levels both naturally and by means of external controllers in diabetes, and control of depth of anaesthesia using inhalational anaesthetic agents like sevoflurane using both fuzzy and state feedback controllers. All chapters include three types of exercises constructed to: Review the concepts discussed in the chapter, allow the reader to apply the newly acquired techniques and subject related facts on simple problems, and indicate directions for open ended theses projects. Appendices on Optimal Control and Fuzzy Control meant as refreshers on those control engineering techniques used throughout the book are also included.

Physiological Control Systems

Physiological Control Systems
  • Author : Michael C. K. Khoo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-12
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9781119058809
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Summary : A guide to common control principles and how they are used to characterize a variety of physiological mechanisms The second edition of Physiological Control Systems offers an updated and comprehensive resource that reviews the fundamental concepts of classical control theory and how engineering methodology can be applied to obtain a quantitative understanding of physiological systems. The revised text also contains more advanced topics that feature applications to physiology of nonlinear dynamics, parameter estimation methods, and adaptive estimation and control. The author—a noted expert in the field—includes a wealth of worked examples that illustrate key concepts and methodology and offers in-depth analyses of selected physiological control models that highlight the topics presented. The author discusses the most noteworthy developments in system identification, optimal control, and nonlinear dynamical analysis and targets recent bioengineering advances. Designed to be a practical resource, the text includes guided experiments with simulation models (using Simulink/Matlab). Physiological Control Systems focuses on common control principles that can be used to characterize a broad variety of physiological mechanisms. This revised resource: Offers new sections that explore identification of nonlinear and time-varying systems, and provide the background for understanding the link between continuous-time and discrete-time dynamic models Presents helpful, hands-on experimentation with computer simulation models Contains fully updated problems and exercises at the end of each chapter Written for biomedical engineering students and biomedical scientists, Physiological Control Systems, offers an updated edition of this key resource for understanding classical control theory and its application to physiological systems. It also contains contemporary topics and methodologies that shape bioengineering research today.

Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical Engineering
  • Author : National Institute of General Medical Sciences (U.S.)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1969
  • Total pages :59
  • ISBN : PURD:32754081178604
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Summary :

Control Theory and Systems Biology

Control Theory and Systems Biology
  • Author : Pablo A. Iglesias,Brian P. Ingalls
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 9780262013345
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Summary : A survey of how engineering techniques from control and systems theory can be used tohelp biologists understand the behavior of cellular systems.

Control Systems Design of Bio-Robotics and Bio-Mechatronics with Advanced Applications

Control Systems Design of Bio-Robotics and Bio-Mechatronics with Advanced Applications
  • Author : Ahmad Taher Azar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-30
  • Total pages :502
  • ISBN : 9780128174647
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Summary : Control Systems Design of Bio-Robotics and Bio-Mechatronics with Advanced Applications delivers essential and advanced bioengineering information on the application of control and robotics technologies in the life sciences. Judging by what we have witnessed so far, this exciting field of control systems and robotics in bioengineering is likely to produce revolutionary breakthroughs over the next decade. While this book is intended for senior undergraduate or graduate students in both control engineering and biomedical engineering programs, it will also appeal to medical researchers and practitioners who want to enhance their quantitative understanding of physiological processes. Focuses on the engineering and scientific principles underlying the extraordinary performance of biomedical robotics and bio-mechatronics Demonstrates the application of principles for designing corresponding algorithms Presents the latest innovative approaches to medical diagnostics and procedures, as well as clinical rehabilitation from the point-of-view of dynamic modeling, system analysis and control

Feedback Control Theory

Feedback Control Theory
  • Author : John Comstock Doyle,Bruce A. Francis,Allen R. Tannenbaum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-01-01
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : 0486469336
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Summary : An excellent introduction to feedback control system design, this book offers a theoretical approach that captures the essential issues and can be applied to a wide range of practical problems. Its explorations of recent developments in the field emphasize the relationship of new procedures to classical control theory, with a focus on single input and output systems that keeps concepts accessible to students with limited backgrounds. The text is geared toward a single-semester senior course or a graduate-level class for students of electrical engineering. The opening chapters constitute a basic treatment of feedback design. Topics include a detailed formulation of the control design program, the fundamental issue of performance/stability robustness tradeoff, and the graphical design technique of loopshaping. Subsequent chapters extend the discussion of the loopshaping technique and connect it with notions of optimality. Concluding chapters examine controller design via optimization, offering a mathematical approach that is useful for multivariable systems.

Classic Papers in Control Theory

Classic Papers in Control Theory
  • Author : Richard Bellman,Robert Kalaba
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-15
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780486818566
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Summary : Historically and technically important papers range from early work in mathematical control theory to studies in adaptive control processes. Contributors include J. C. Maxwell, H. Nyquist, H. W. Bode, other experts. 1964 edition.

Feedback Control in Systems Biology

Feedback Control in Systems Biology
  • Author : Carlo Cosentino,Declan Bates
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-17
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9781439816905
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Summary : Like engineering systems, biological systems must also operate effectively in the presence of internal and external uncertainty—such as genetic mutations or temperature changes, for example. It is not surprising, then, that evolution has resulted in the widespread use of feedback, and research in systems biology over the past decade has shown that feedback control systems are widely found in biology. As an increasing number of researchers in the life sciences become interested in control-theoretic ideas such as feedback, stability, noise and disturbance attenuation, and robustness, there is a need for a text that explains feedback control as it applies to biological systems. Written by established researchers in both control engineering and systems biology, Feedback Control in Systems Biology explains how feedback control concepts can be applied to systems biology. Filling the need for a text on control theory for systems biologists, it provides an overview of relevant ideas and methods from control engineering and illustrates their application to the analysis of biological systems with case studies in cellular and molecular biology. Control Theory for Systems Biologists The book focuses on the fundamental concepts used to analyze the effects of feedback in biological control systems, rather than the control system design methods that form the core of most control textbooks. In addition, the authors do not assume that readers are familiar with control theory. They focus on "control applications" such as metabolic and gene-regulatory networks rather than aircraft, robots, or engines, and on mathematical models derived from classical reaction kinetics rather than classical mechanics. Another significant feature of the book is that it discusses nonlinear systems, an understanding of which is crucial for systems biologists because of the highly nonlinear nature of biological systems. The authors cover tools and techniques for the analysis of linear and nonlinear systems; negative and positive feedback; robustness analysis methods; techniques for the reverse-engineering of biological interaction networks; and the analysis of stochastic biological control systems. They also identify new research directions for control theory inspired by the dynamic characteristics of biological systems. A valuable reference for researchers, this text offers a sound starting point for scientists entering this fascinating and rapidly developing field.

Status of Research in Biomedical Engineering

Status of Research in Biomedical Engineering
  • Author : National Institute of General Medical Sciences (U.S.). Engineering in Biology and Medicine Training Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1969
  • Total pages :76
  • ISBN : UOM:39015002009259
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Summary :

Status of Research in Biomedical Engineering

Status of Research in Biomedical Engineering
  • Author : National Institute of General Medical Sciences. Engineering in Biology and Medicine Training Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1969
  • Total pages :76
  • ISBN : MINN:30000010570301
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Summary :

Neural Control Engineering

Neural Control Engineering
  • Author : Steven J. Schiff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :361
  • ISBN : 9780262015370
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Summary : How powerful new methods in nonlinear control engineering can be applied to neuroscience, from fundamental model formulation to advanced medical applications. Over the past sixty years, powerful methods of model-based control engineering have been responsible for such dramatic advances in engineering systems as autolanding aircraft, autonomous vehicles, and even weather forecasting. Over those same decades, our models of the nervous system have evolved from single-cell membranes to neuronal networks to large-scale models of the human brain. Yet until recently control theory was completely inapplicable to the types of nonlinear models being developed in neuroscience. The revolution in nonlinear control engineering in the late 1990s has made the intersection of control theory and neuroscience possible. In Neural Control Engineering, Steven Schiff seeks to bridge the two fields, examining the application of new methods in nonlinear control engineering to neuroscience. After presenting extensive material on formulating computational neuroscience models in a control environment--including some fundamentals of the algorithms helpful in crossing the divide from intuition to effective application--Schiff examines a range of applications, including brain-machine interfaces and neural stimulation. He reports on research that he and his colleagues have undertaken showing that nonlinear control theory methods can be applied to models of single cells, small neuronal networks, and large-scale networks in disease states of Parkinson's disease and epilepsy. With Neural Control Engineering the reader acquires a working knowledge of the fundamentals of control theory and computational neuroscience sufficient not only to understand the literature in this trandisciplinary area but also to begin working to advance the field. The book will serve as an essential guide for scientists in either biology or engineering and for physicians who wish to gain expertise in these areas.

Control Theory for Engineers

Control Theory for Engineers
  • Author : Brigitte d'Andréa-Novel,Michel De Lara
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-09
  • Total pages :257
  • ISBN : 9783642343247
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Summary : Control Theory is at the heart of information and communication technologies of complex systems. It can contribute to meeting the energy and environmental challenges we are facing. The textbook is organized in the way an engineer classically proceeds to solve a control problem, that is, elaboration of a mathematical model capturing the process behavior, analysis of this model and design of a control to achieve the desired objectives. It is divided into three Parts. The first part of the text addresses modeling aspects through state space and input-output representations. The notion of the internal state of a system (for example mechanical, thermal or electrical), as well as its description using a finite number of variables, is also emphasized. The second part is devoted to the stability analysis of an equilibrium point. The authors present classical tools for stability analysis, such as linearization techniques and Lyapunov functions. Central to Control Theory are the notions of feedback and of closed-loop, and the third part of the textbook describes the linear control synthesis in a continuous and discrete-time framework and also in a probabilistic context. Quadratic optimization and Kalman filtering are presented, as well as the polynomial representation, a convenient approach to reject perturbations on the system without making the control law more complex. Throughout the text, different examples are developed, both in the chapters and in the exercises.

Physiology for Engineers

Physiology for Engineers
  • Author : Michael Chappell,Stephen Payne
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-27
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9783030397050
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Summary : This book provides an introduction to qualitative and quantitative aspects of human physiology. It examines biological and physiological processes and phenomena, including a selection of mathematical models, showing how physiological problems can be mathematically formulated and studied. It also illustrates how a wide range of engineering and physics topics, such as electronics, fluid dynamics, solid mechanics and control theory can be used to describe and understand physiological processes and systems. Throughout the text, there are introductions to measuring and quantifying physiological processes using both signaling and imaging technologies. This new edition includes updated material on pathophysiology, metabolism and the TCA cycle, as well as more advanced worked examples. This book describes the basic structure and models of cellular systems, the structure and function of the cardiovascular system, and the electrical and mechanical activity of the heart, and provides an overview of the structure and function of the respiratory and nervous systems. It also includes an introduction to the basic concepts and applications of reaction kinetics, pharmacokinetic modelling and tracer kinetics. It appeals to final year biomedical engineering undergraduates and graduates alike, as well as to practising engineers new to the fields of bioengineering or medical physics.

Scattering Theory and Biomedical Engineering Modelling and Applications

Scattering Theory and Biomedical Engineering Modelling and Applications
  • Author : George Dassios
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :305
  • ISBN : 981024391X
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Summary : This book addresses issues of scattering theory and biomedical engineering, as well as methodological approaches and tools from related scientific areas such as applied mathematics, mechanics, numerical analysis, and signal and image processing.

Robust Control

Robust Control
  • Author : Kang-Zhi Liu,Yu Yao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-08
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9781118754429
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Summary : Comprehensive and up to date coverage of robust control theory and its application • Presented in a well-planned and logical way • Written by a respected leading author, with extensive experience in robust control • Accompanying website provides solutions manual and other supplementary material

Neuroprosthetics

Neuroprosthetics
  • Author : Kenneth W. Horch,Gurpreet S. Dhillon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :1261
  • ISBN : 9812380221
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Summary : A study of neuroprosthetics. It is broadly divided into three sections which address: neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, biomaterials and biocompatibility, stimulation and recording techniques; clinical applications of neuroprosthetics; and future developments.

Control Aspects of Biomedical Engineering

Control Aspects of Biomedical Engineering
  • Author : Maciej Nałęcz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :301
  • ISBN : UOM:39015012557933
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Summary : A collection of papers giving up-to-date accounts of modern developments in the control aspects of all branches of biomedical engineering. Produced under the auspices of IFAC, the volume is a balanced and detailed work, and is compulsive reading for anyone involved in the research, development and application of biomedical engineering.

Physiology, Biophysics, and Biomedical Engineering

Physiology, Biophysics, and Biomedical Engineering
  • Author : Andrew W Wood
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :782
  • ISBN : 9781466552791
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Summary : Physiology, Biophysics and Biomedical Engineering provides a multidisciplinary understanding of biological phenomena and the instrumentation for monitoring these phenomena. It covers the physical phenomena of electricity, pressure, and flow along with the adaptation of the physics of the phenomena to the special conditions and constraints of biological systems. While the text focuses on human biological systems, some of the principles also apply to plants, bacteria, and other animals. The first section of the book presents a general introduction to physiological systems and describes specialized methods used to record electrical events from biological tissue. The next part examines molecules involved in cell transport and signaling as well as the proteins relevant in cells’ ability to contract and generate tension. The text goes on to cover the properties of the heart, blood, and circulation and the monitoring of cardiac and circulatory function. It then discusses the importance of the interrelationship of pressures and flows in organ systems, such as the lungs and kidneys, and details the organization and function of the nervous system. After focusing on the systems used to monitor signals, the book explores modeling, biomechanics, and emerging technologies, including the progressive miniaturization of sensors and actuators in biomedical engineering. Developed from the authors’ courses in medical biophysics and biomedical instrumentation, this book shows how biophysics and biomedical engineering have advanced modern medicine. It brings together the physical principles underlying human physiological processes and the physical methods used to monitor these processes. Requiring only basic mathematical knowledge, the text supplements mathematical formulae with qualitative explanations and illustrations to encourage an intuitive grasp on the processes discussed.

Intelligent Control Systems with an Introduction to System of Systems Engineering

Intelligent Control Systems with an Introduction to System of Systems Engineering
  • Author : Thrishantha Nanayakkara,Ferat Sahin,Mo Jamshidi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :441
  • ISBN : 9781420079258
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Summary : From aeronautics and manufacturing to healthcare and disaster management, systems engineering (SE) now focuses on designing applications that ensure performance optimization, robustness, and reliability while combining an emerging group of heterogeneous systems to realize a common goal. Use SoS to Revolutionize Management of Large Organizations, Factories, and Systems Intelligent Control Systems with an Introduction to System of Systems Engineering integrates the fundamentals of artificial intelligence and systems control in a framework applicable to both simple dynamic systems and large-scale system of systems (SoS). For decades, NASA has used SoS methods, and major manufacturers—including Boeing, Lockheed-Martin, Northrop-Grumman, Raytheon, BAE Systems—now make large-scale systems integration and SoS a key part of their business strategies, dedicating entire business units to this remarkably efficient approach. Simulate Novel Robotic Systems and Applications Transcending theory, this book offers a complete and practical review of SoS and some of its fascinating applications, including: Manipulation of robots through neural-based network control Use of robotic swarms, based on ant colonies, to detect mines Other novel systems in which intelligent robots, trained animals, and humans cooperate to achieve humanitarian objectives Training engineers to integrate traditional systems control theory with soft computing techniques further nourishes emerging SoS technology. With this in mind, the authors address the fundamental precepts at the core of SoS, which uses human heuristics to model complex systems, providing a scientific rationale for integrating independent, complex systems into a single coordinated, stabilized, and optimized one. They provide readers with MATLAB® code, which can be downloaded from the publisher's website to simulate presented results and projects that offer practical, hands-on experience using concepts discussed throughout the book.