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Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures
  • Author : Amir Poursaee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-17
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9781782424024
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Summary : Corrosion of reinforcing steel is now recognized as the major cause of degradation of concrete structures in many parts of the world. Despite this, infrastructure expenditure is being unreasonably decreased by sequestration and the incredible shrinking discretionary budget. All components of our infrastructure including highways, airports, water supply, waste treatment, energy supply, and power generation require significant investment and are subjected to degradation by corrosion, which significantly reduces the service life, reliability, functionality of structures and equipment, and safety. Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures provides a comprehensive review of the subject, in addition to recent advances in research and technological developments, from reinforcing materials to measurement techniques and modelling. This book contains not only all the important aspects in the field of corrosion of steel reinforced concrete but also discusses new topics and future trends. Part One of the book tackles theoretical concepts of corrosion of steel in concrete structures. The second part moves on to analyse the variety of reinforcing materials and concrete, including stainless steel and galvanized steel. Part Three covers measurements and evaluations, such as electrochemical techniques and acoustic emission. Part Four reviews protection and maintenance methods, whilst the final section analyses modelling, latest developments and future trends in the field. The book is essential reading for researchers, practitioners and engineers who are involved in materials characterisation and corrosion of steel in concrete structures. Provides comprehensive coverage on a broad range of topics related to the corrosion of steel bars in concrete Discusses the latest measuring methods and advanced modeling techniques Reviews the range of reinforcing materials and types of concrete

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete
  • Author : J.P. Broomfield
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-12-12
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 0203475283
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Summary : The corrosion of reinforcing steel in concrete is a major problem facing civil engineers and surveyors throughout the world today. There will always be a need to build stuctures in corrosive environments and it is therefore essential to address the problems that result. Corrosion of Steel in Concrete provides information on corrosion of steel in at

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete
  • Author : John P. Broomfield
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-07
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780203414606
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Summary : Corrosion of Steel in Concrete provides information on corrosion of steel in atmospherically exposed concrete structures and serves as a guide for those designing, constructing and maintaining buildings, bridges and all reinforced concrete structures. This new edition incorporates the new European standards as well as USA and other international standards. It also covers developments in galvanic and impressed current cathodic protection, new electrochemical techniques such as electro-osmosis, and stainless steel clad reinforcing bars. The corrosion of reinforcing steel in concrete is a major problem facing civil engineers and surveyors throughout the world today. There will always be a need to build structures in corrosive environments and it is therefore essential to address the problems that result. This is a book to educates about and forms a guide to the problems of corrosion, its causes and how to find solutions.

Steel-Reinforced Concrete Structures

Steel-Reinforced Concrete Structures
  • Author : Mohamed Abdallah El-Reedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-06
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9781351657914
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Summary : This book examines the corrosion of reinforced concrete from a practical point of view, highlights protective design and repair procedures, and presents ongoing maintenance protocols. Updated throughout, this new edition adds additional information on concrete repair using Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP), and reviews new examples of the effects of corrosion on both prestressed and reinforced concrete structures. It also examines economic analysis procedures and the probability of structural failures to define structural risk assessment, and covers precautions and recommendations for protecting reinforced concrete structures from corrosion based on the latest codes and specifications.

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete
  • Author : Luca Bertolini,Bernhard Elsener,Pietro Pedeferri,Elena Redaelli,Rob B. Polder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-26
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9783527651719
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Summary : Steel-reinforced concrete is used ubiquitously as a building material due to its unique combination of the high compressive strength of concrete and the high tensile strength of steel. Therefore, reinforced concrete is an ideal composite material that is used for a wide range of applications in structural engineering such as buildings, bridges, tunnels, harbor quays, foundations, tanks and pipes. To ensure durability of these structures, however, measures must be taken to prevent, diagnose and, if necessary, repair damage to the material especially due to corrosion of the steel reinforcement. The book examines the different aspects of corrosion of steel in concrete, starting from basic and essential mechanisms of the phenomenon, moving up to practical consequences for designers, contractors and owners both for new and existing reinforced and prestressed concrete structures. It covers general aspects of corrosion and protection of reinforcement, forms of attack in the presence of carbonation and chlorides, problems of hydrogen embrittlement as well as techniques of diagnosis, monitoring and repair. This second edition updates the contents with recent findings on the different topics considered and bibliographic references, with particular attention to recent European standards. This book is a self-contained treatment for civil and construction engineers, material scientists, advanced students and architects concerned with the design and maintenance of reinforced concrete structures. Readers will benefit from the knowledge, tools, and methods needed to understand corrosion in reinforced concrete and how to prevent it or keep it within acceptable limits.

Steel Corrosion in Concrete

Steel Corrosion in Concrete
  • Author : Arnon Bentur,Neal Berke,Sidney Diamond
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-10-09
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 0419225307
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Summary : Poor durability of concrete is a major cause of problems in modern building and civil engineering structures in all countries: the annual cost of investigating and repairing deteriorating reinforced concrete structures runs into many millions of pounds. This book explains the fundamentals of the corrosion of steel in concrete. It is comprehensive and provides a basis for the practising engineer to design concrete structures which avoid the problem using modern concepts and specifications. A limited discussion of corrosion measurement and repairs is also provided.

Corrosion and its Consequences for Reinforced Concrete Structures

Corrosion and its Consequences for Reinforced Concrete Structures
  • Author : Raoul Francois,Stéphane Laurens,Fabrice Deby
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-16
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9780081023457
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Summary : This book serves as an indispensable guide for engineers, scientists and researchers, exploring the fundamental aspects of corrosion in reinforced concrete. Its originality lies in the coupling between the reinforcement corrosion of reinforced concrete and its mechanical behavior.The authors describe the specific theoretical foundations of the corrosion of steel in concrete and its interactions with the structural aspects, including service cracking and defects in the placement of concrete. The book contains a study of the mechanisms of degradation of the mechanical behavior of reinforcements and the reinforced concrete composite, such as reduction of ductility, bearing capacity, redistribution of efforts by formation of plastic hinges and increase in the beam deflection in service. A diagnostic method based on corrosion-induced crack detection is presented in the book, and then paired with a recalculation method which allows us to predict the different aspects of the residual mechanical behavior. Several end-of-life ELS and ELU criteria are described, and the authors propose an approach to estimate the residual lifetime. Finally, the book presents the cathodic protection that allows the progression of corrosion to be contained within the corroded structures. As well as academics, this book is aimed at civil engineers who are faced with the issue of corrosion in aging structures. Explores corrosion in concrete Examines the influence of pre-cracks on corrosion Discusses corrosion diagnostics and corrosion-induced cracks Presents residual mechanical properties of corroded structures: effect of corrosion on steel behavior, load-bearing capacity, yielding capacity, deflection of corroded beams and the effect of corrosion on bond Provides repair and maintenance considerations: cathodic protection and carbon fiber reinforced polymer used to strengthen and restore bearing capacity

Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures

Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures
  • Author : H Böhni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-01-20
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781845690434
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Summary : Reinforced concrete has the potential to be very durable and capable of withstanding a variety of adverse environmental conditions. However, failures in the structures do still occur as a result of premature reinforcement corrosion. In this authoritative book the fundamental aspects of this complex process are analysed; focusing on corrosion of the reinforcing steel, and looking particularly, at new scientific and technological developments. Monitoring techniques, including the newly developed online-monitoring, are examined, as well as the numerical methods used to simulate corrosion and perform parameter studies. The influence of composition and microstructure of concrete on corrosion behaviour is explored. The second half of the book, which deals with corrosion prevention methods, starts with a discussion on stainless steels as reinforcement materials. There are comprehensive reviews of the use of surface treatments and coatings, of the application of corrosion inhibitors and of the application of electrochemical techniques. In each case the necessary scientific fundamentals are explained and practical instances of use are looked at. This is an invaluable guide for engineers, materials scientists and researchers in the field of structural concrete. Fundamental aspects of corrosion in concrete are analysed in detail Explores how to minimise the effects of corrosion in concrete Invaluable guide for engineers, materials scientists and researchers in the field of structural concrete

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete
  • Author : Luca Bertolini,Bernhard Elsener,Pietro Pedeferri,Rob B. Polder,R. Polder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-02-23
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 3527308008
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Summary : This reference work will focus on the corrosion of steel in concrete, the main cause of deterioration of reinforced concrete structures. A survey on well-established mechanisms and concepts is given, but the main emphasis lies on new methods and materials for preventive measures, condition assessment and repair.

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete
  • Author : Building Research Establishment. Centre for Concrete Construction,BRE Centre for Construction Construction,Great Britain. Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :12
  • ISBN : 1860813607
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Summary : This Digest is in three Parts. Part 1 examines the durability of steel in concrete. With Part 2 on investigation and assessment, and Part 3 on protection and remedial work, it sets out the basic principles for all those concerned with the design and maintenance of durable concrete structures: owners, tenants on repairing leases, architects, surveyors, engineers, material scientists and contractors. It also examines existing standards of construction and the lessons learned from the investigation of cases of corrosion in concrete. This part of the Digest, Part 1, explains the physical, chemical and electrochemical processes involved in the deterioration of reinforced concrete by corrosion; it summarises the mechanisms underlying protection, considers issues associated with the durability management of existing structures, and reviews best practice in designing and specifying reinforced and prestressed concrete for new structures to achieve durable whole-life performance. Part 2 considers how corrosion-induced deterioration in existing steel reinforced concrete structures is assessed and diagnosed. Part 3 describes the repair and protection of concrete structures subject to corrosion damage, or which are expected to need measures to minimise future damage or deterioration. Concrete durability is an area which is undergoing rapid technical development and change; this Digest describes future developments that are expected to have a major influence on the approaches and methodologies in this field. Digests 263, 264 and 265 are withdrawn.

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete
  • Author : International Union of Testing and Research Laboratories for Materials and Structures. Technical Committee 60-CSC.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :102
  • ISBN : UOM:39015011746982
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Summary : A report of the Technical Committee 60 CSC. RILEM (the International Union of Testing and Research Laboratories for Materials and Structures). A reference for those concerned with design and repair of reinforced concrete structures. Chapters cover: basic priniples, initiation period, corrosion period, measures of protection, monitoring techniques, future work. Annotation(c) 2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Corrosion of Reinforcement in Concrete

Corrosion of Reinforcement in Concrete
  • Author : M Raupach,B Elsener,R Polder,J Mietz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-23
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781845692285
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Summary : Given the widespread use of reinforced concrete in infrastructure, understanding the corrosion of this material is of major importance. As a result there has been a wealth of research into catalysts, inhibitors and effective means of monitoring the rate of corrosion. Corrosion of reinforcement in concrete: mechanisms, monitoring, inhibitors and rehabilitation techniques summarises some of the most significant research and its implications. The book begins by reviewing findings from various experiments designed to test the corrosion rate of metals induced by a range of factors. Later chapters discuss techniques for monitoring and testing for corrosion. The book concludes by assessing important methods of prevention, including corrosion inhibitors, protective coatings and electrochemical methods for protection, together with rehabilitation procedures for susceptible structures. Filled with practical examples and written by a distinguished team of international contributors, Corrosion of reinforcement in concrete: mechanisms, monitoring, inhibitors and rehabilitation techniques is an essential reference for civil engineers using reinforced concrete. Summarises research into catalysts, inhibitors and effective means of monitoring the rate of corrosion Concludes by assessing important methods of prevention

Corrosion Rates of Steel in Concrete

Corrosion Rates of Steel in Concrete
  • Author : Neal Steven Berke,The symposium on corrosion rates of steel in concrete,Victor Chaker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :193
  • ISBN : 0803114583
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Summary :

Chloride-Induced Steel Corrosion in Concrete Under Service Loads

Chloride-Induced Steel Corrosion in Concrete Under Service Loads
  • Author : Hailong Ye,Chuanqing Fu,Ye Tian,Nanguo Jin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-27
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : 9789811541087
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Summary : This book summarizes the latest advances in understanding chloride ingress and steel corrosion in concrete under service loads. Unlike the existing literature, it focuses specifically on the effect of service loads on chloride-induced durability issues in reinforced concrete structures. It discusses how service loads affect the moisture and chloride penetration rate, corrosion kinetics and rust distribution, as well as the structural performance of concrete components (e.g. beams and columns) in a systematic and hierarchical way. Given its scope, the book is chiefly intended for researchers and industry practitioners in structural engineering, particularly those whose work involves the durability design of concrete structures.

Steel Corrosion-Induced Concrete Cracking

Steel Corrosion-Induced Concrete Cracking
  • Author : Yuxi Zhao,Weiliang Jin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-08
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : 9780128092101
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Summary : Steel Corrosion Induced Concrete Cracking presents the latest advances in the origin, mechanism and development of corrosion-induced cracking in concrete. It investigates topics including expansion coefficient and elastic modulus of steel corrosion, rust layer and rust distribution, spatial distribution of corrosion products, the shape of corrosion-induced cracks and so on. This book concludes by proposing an improved corrosion-induced cracking model, which considers the phenomena of the simultaneous occurrence of corrosion layer accumulation and corrosion filling in concrete. This book will be a valuable reference book for researchers and graduate students in the field of concrete durability and concrete structure, and industry engineers who are concerned with the deterioration mechanisms and the life cycle of reinforced concrete structures. Proposes a new corrosion-induced concrete cracking model, which takes into account the phenomenon of the simultaneous occurrence of corrosion layer accumulation and corrosion filling paste. Investigates the parameters and values of expansion coefficients and elastic modulus of steel corrosion, which enables a more rational prediction of concrete surface cracking Introduces the use of the Gaussian function to describe the non-uniform spatial distribution of corrosion products.

Stainless Steel in Concrete

Stainless Steel in Concrete
  • Author : European Federation of Corrosion
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :30
  • ISBN : UOM:39015041091896
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Summary : An up-to-date review of the research and testing being done in several countries to clarify factors affecting the performance of stainless steel reinforcement in concrete exposed to aggressive environments. Highlights differences in the behaviour of the more common grades of stainless steel and considers relative costs and potential areas of application.

Galvanized Steel Reinforcement in Concrete

Galvanized Steel Reinforcement in Concrete
  • Author : Stephen Yeomans
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-11-26
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 0080472834
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Summary : Reinforced concrete is one of the most widely used modern materials of construction. It is comparatively cheap, readily available, and suitable for a variety of building and construction applications. Galvanized Steel Reinforcement in Concrete provides a detailed resource covering all aspects of this important material. Both servicability and durability aspects are well covered, with all the information needed maximise the life of buildings constructed from it. Containing an up-to-date and comprehensive collection of technical information and data from world renound authors, it will be a valuable source of reference for academics, researchers, students and professionals alike. Provides information vital to prolong the life of buildings constructed from this versatile material Brings together a disparate body of knowledge from many parts of the world into a concise and authoritative text Containing an up-to-date and comprehensive collection of technical information

Cathodic Protection of Steel in Concrete

Cathodic Protection of Steel in Concrete
  • Author : Paul M. Chess,John P. Broomfield
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-09-02
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780203223031
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Summary : Cathodic Protection of Steel in Concrete provides the most comprehensive summary of the electrochemical techniques for treating steel corrosion to date. It contains an examination of the causes of corrosion and its accelerating rate and describes assessment methods.

Model Code for Service Life Design

Model Code for Service Life Design
  • Author : fib Fédération internationale du béton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-01
  • Total pages :116
  • ISBN : 2883940746
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Summary : fib Bulletin 34 addresses Service Life Design (SLD) for plain concrete, reinforced concrete and pre-stressed concrete structures, with a special focus on design provisions for managing the adverse effects of degradation. Its objective is to identify agreed durability related models and to prepare the framework for standardization of performance based design approaches. Four different options for SLD are given: - a full probabilistic approach, - a semi probabilistic approach (partial factor design), - deemed to satisfy rules, - avoidance of deterioration. The service life design approaches described in this document may be applied for the design of new structures, for updating the service life design if the structure exists and real material properties and/or the interaction of environment and structure can be measured (real concrete covers, carbonation depths), and for calculating residual service life. The bulletin is divided into five chapters: 1. General 2. Basis of design 3. Verification of Service Life Design 4. Execution and its quality management 5. Maintenance and condition control It also includes four informative annexes, which give background information and examples of procedures and deterioration models for the application in SLD. The format of Bulletin 34 follows the CEB-FIP tradition for Model Codes: the main provisions are given on the right-hand side of the page, and on the left-hand side, the comments. Note: An Italian translation of Bulletin 34 is also available; contact us for further details.

Corrosion Inhibitors, Principles and Recent Applications

Corrosion Inhibitors, Principles and Recent Applications
  • Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-04
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 9789535139171
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Summary : To protect metals or alloys from corrosion, some methods can be used such as isolating the structure from the aggressive media or compensating the loss of electrons from the corroded structure. The use of corrosion inhibitors may include organic and inorganic compounds that adsorb on the metallic structure to isolate it from its surrounding media to decrease oxidation-reduction processes. This book collects new developments about corrosion inhibitors and their recent applications.

Corrosion Inhibitors for Steel in Concrete

Corrosion Inhibitors for Steel in Concrete
  • Author : B. Elsener
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :80
  • ISBN : 1902653483
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Summary : The use of inhibitors for rehabilitation of reinforced concrete structures is a new field of application and this new volume provides a State of the Art Report on this subject. Corrosion of steel in concrete is one of the major problems for infrastructure such as bridges, tunnels, housing etc. since it leads to spalling of the concrete and loss in cross section of the steel that may cause structural and safety problems. The steel in concrete generally resists corrosion as a result of a passive layer that develops on the metal surface in the alkaline environment of the concrete. Corrosion can occur if these conditions are disturbed, for example, in the presence of chlorides or with carbonation of concrete. Traditional repair methods consist in removing the deteriorated concrete and replacing it but these can be laborious, noisy and very costly. To avoid these disadvantages new methods have been developed in recent years. These include electrochemical procedures and, increasingly, the use of inhibitors. The use of inhibitors for rehabilitation of reinforced concrete structures is a new field of application and this new volume provides a State of the Art Report on this subject.The report, under the editorship of Prof. Bernhard Elsener, was prepared by a Task Group of the EFC Working Party on Corrosion of Reinforcement in Concrete. In a literature review it describes inorganic and organic chemicals that have been proposed and examined as well as the commercial corrosion inhibitors that are available on the market. Protection mechanism and possible effects of inhibitors on concrete properties are described. Practical experience with inhibitors for steel in concrete and the long term effectiveness are considered. The various test methods for evaluating the behaviour of the inhibitors are described and critically assessed. In a rapidly evolving field this State of the Art Report, based mainly on independent not commercial literature, will be of value to corrosion engineers and civil engineers concerned with maintenance and repair of reinforced concrete structures.