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CRISPR Genome Surgery in Stem Cells and Disease Tissues

CRISPR Genome Surgery in Stem Cells and Disease Tissues
  • Author : Stephen H. Tsang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-05-01
  • Total pages :225
  • ISBN : 9780128178775
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Summary : CRISPR Genome Surgery in Stem Cells and Disease Tissues focuses uniquely on the clinical applications of CRISPR/Cas9 based technology. Topics include the latest advances in gene editing and its translational applications to various diseases, including retinal degenerative disease, recessively inherited diseases, and dominantly inherited diseases, to name a few. The book's target audience includes researchers, students, clinicians and the general public. This space that is not currently served by any existing resource, so this publication fills a gap in current literature. Provides a thorough review of CRISPR-Cas9, from discovery to therapy Covers the latest advances in gene editing and its translational applications to various diseases Written by global leaders in the fields of gene editing and stem cell therapy

Human Genome Editing

Human Genome Editing
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Medicine,National Academy of Sciences,Committee on Human Gene Editing: Scientific, Medical, and Ethical Considerations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-13
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9780309452885
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Summary : Genome editing is a powerful new tool for making precise alterations to an organism's genetic material. Recent scientific advances have made genome editing more efficient, precise, and flexible than ever before. These advances have spurred an explosion of interest from around the globe in the possible ways in which genome editing can improve human health. The speed at which these technologies are being developed and applied has led many policymakers and stakeholders to express concern about whether appropriate systems are in place to govern these technologies and how and when the public should be engaged in these decisions. Human Genome Editing considers important questions about the human application of genome editing including: balancing potential benefits with unintended risks, governing the use of genome editing, incorporating societal values into clinical applications and policy decisions, and respecting the inevitable differences across nations and cultures that will shape how and whether to use these new technologies. This report proposes criteria for heritable germline editing, provides conclusions on the crucial need for public education and engagement, and presents 7 general principles for the governance of human genome editing.

Advances in Genome Editing

Advances in Genome Editing
  • Author : Jennifer A. Doudna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1618962337
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Summary :

Genome Editing and Engineering

Genome Editing and Engineering
  • Author : Krishnarao Appasani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-31
  • Total pages :586
  • ISBN : 9781107170377
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Summary : A complete guide to endonuclease-based genomic engineering, from basic science to application in disease biology and clinical treatment.

Stem Cells for Cancer and Genetic Disease Treatment

Stem Cells for Cancer and Genetic Disease Treatment
  • Author : Phuc Van Pham,Ahmed El-Hashash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-07
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9783319980652
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Summary : This invaluable resource discusses insights ranging from basic biological mechanisms of various types of stem cells through the potential applications in the treatment of human diseases, including cancer and genetic disorders. These discoveries are placed within the structural context of tissue and developmental biology in sections dealing with recent advances in understanding different types of stem cell biology and their potential applications in tissue repair and regeneration and in the treatment different types of human cancer and genetic diseases or disorders. Stem Cells for Cancer and Genetic Disease Treatment and the other books in the Stem Cells in Clinical Applicationsseries will be invaluable to scientists, researchers, advanced students and clinicians working in stem cells, regenerative medicine or tissue engineering as well as cancer or genetics research.

Precision Medicine, CRISPR, and Genome Engineering

Precision Medicine, CRISPR, and Genome Engineering
  • Author : Stephen H. Tsang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-11
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : 9783319639048
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Summary : This book presents descriptive overviews of gene editing strategies across multiple species while also offering in-depth insight on complex cases of application in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Chapters feature contributions from leaders in stem cell therapy and biology, providing a comprehensive view of the application of gene therapy in numerous fields with an emphasis on ophthalmology, stem cells, and agriculture. The book also highlights recent major technological advances, including ZFN, TALEN, and CRISPR. Precision Medicine, CRISPR, and Genome Engineering is part of the highly successful Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology series. It is an indispensable resource for researchers and students in genetics as well as clinicians.

Osteoarthritis, Inflammation and Degradation

Osteoarthritis, Inflammation and Degradation
  • Author : Joseph A. Buckwalter,Martin K. Lotz,J. F. Stoltz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-01
  • Total pages :299
  • ISBN : 9781586037734
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Summary : Osteoarthritis is a public health issue due to its impact in term of handicap. Regarded as a multi-factorial disease, mechanistic and inflammatory theories are no more opposed but, on the contrary, are framed within the same continuum: osteoarthritis, inflammation and degeneration. This book helps readers understand the secrets of this disease.

CRISPR-Cas Systems

CRISPR-Cas Systems
  • Author : Rodolphe Barrangou,John van der Oost
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-13
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9783642346576
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Summary : CRISPR/Cas is a recently described defense system that protects bacteria and archaea against invasion by mobile genetic elements such as viruses and plasmids. A wide spectrum of distinct CRISPR/Cas systems has been identified in at least half of the available prokaryotic genomes. On-going structural and functional analyses have resulted in a far greater insight into the functions and possible applications of these systems, although many secrets remain to be discovered. In this book, experts summarize the state of the art in this exciting field.

Retinal Degenerative Diseases

Retinal Degenerative Diseases
  • Author : Matthew M. LaVail,John Ash,Robert E. Anderson,Joe G. Hollyfield,Christian Grimm
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-12-21
  • Total pages :864
  • ISBN : 9781461406310
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Summary : This book will contain the proceedings of the XIV International Symposium on Retinal Degeneration (RD2010), held July 13-17, 2010, in Mont-Tremblant, Quebec, Canada. The volume will present representative state-of-the-art research in almost all areas of retinal degenerations, ranging from cytopathologic, physiologic, diagnostic and clinical aspects; animal models; mechanisms of cell death; candidate genes, cloning, mapping and other aspects of molecular genetics; and developing potential therapeutic measures such as gene therapy and neuroprotective agents for potential pharmaceutical therapy.

Engineering of Stem Cells

Engineering of Stem Cells
  • Author : Ulrich Martin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-15
  • Total pages :239
  • ISBN : 9783540888055
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Summary : I am very pleased to present this volume on engineering stem cells in Advances in Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology. This volume stays abreast of recent developments in stem cell biology and the high expectations concerning the dev- opment of stem cell based regenerative therapies. Regenerative medicine is the focus of current biomedical research, with unique challenges related to scientific, technical and ethical issues of stem cell research, and the potential added value of connecting biomedicine with enabling techno- gies such as materials sciences, mechanical- and nano-engineering. Research activities in regenerative medicine include strategies in endogenous regeneration of injured or degenerated tissues by means of gene therapy or cell transplantation, as well as complex approaches to replace or reconstruct lost or malformed tissue structures, by applying tissue engineering approaches. In most cases, the speci- ized functional cell types of interest cannot be isolated from the diseased organ or expanded to a sufficient degree, and various stem and progenitor cell types rep- sent the only applicable cell source. In almost all cases, stem cells have to be engineered, sometimes for functional improvement, in many cases to produce large numbers of cells, and frequently to achieve efficient and specific differentiation in the cell type(s) of interest.

Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2016

Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2016
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105050682371
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Summary :

Progress in Stem Cell Transplantation

Progress in Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Author : Taner Demirer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-02
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9789535122272
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Summary : This book documents the increased amount of stem cell-related research, basic and clinical applications as well as views for the future. The book covers a wide range of issues related to new developments and innovations in cell-based therapies discussed in basic and clinical chapters from authors around the world involved in stem cell studies and research. It thereby complements and extends the basic coverage of stem cells, such as mesenchymal stem cells, effect of stem cells on aging, cover hematopoietic stem cells, storage and cryopreservation, issues related to clinical applications such as haploidentical transplants and use of stem cells for the treatment of Huntingtons disease. Clearly, the treatment of various malignant and nonmalignant diseases depends heavily on stem cells, and this book is well positioned to provide comprehensive coverage of these developments.

Stem Cells for Cancer and Genetic Disease Treatment

Stem Cells for Cancer and Genetic Disease Treatment
  • Author : Phuc Van Pham,Ahmed El-Hashash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-07
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9783319980652
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This invaluable resource discusses insights ranging from basic biological mechanisms of various types of stem cells through the potential applications in the treatment of human diseases, including cancer and genetic disorders. These discoveries are placed within the structural context of tissue and developmental biology in sections dealing with recent advances in understanding different types of stem cell biology and their potential applications in tissue repair and regeneration and in the treatment different types of human cancer and genetic diseases or disorders. Stem Cells for Cancer and Genetic Disease Treatment and the other books in the Stem Cells in Clinical Applicationsseries will be invaluable to scientists, researchers, advanced students and clinicians working in stem cells, regenerative medicine or tissue engineering as well as cancer or genetics research.

Tumor Organoids

Tumor Organoids
  • Author : Shay Soker,Aleksander Skardal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-20
  • Total pages :213
  • ISBN : 9783319605111
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Summary : Cancer cell biology research in general, and anti-cancer drug development specifically, still relies on standard cell culture techniques that place the cells in an unnatural environment. As a consequence, growing tumor cells in plastic dishes places a selective pressure that substantially alters their original molecular and phenotypic properties.The emerging field of regenerative medicine has developed bioengineered tissue platforms that can better mimic the structure and cellular heterogeneity of in vivo tissue, and are suitable for tumor bioengineering research. Microengineering technologies have resulted in advanced methods for creating and culturing 3-D human tissue. By encapsulating the respective cell type or combining several cell types to form tissues, these model organs can be viable for longer periods of time and are cultured to develop functional properties similar to native tissues. This approach recapitulates the dynamic role of cell–cell, cell–ECM, and mechanical interactions inside the tumor. Further incorporation of cells representative of the tumor stroma, such as endothelial cells (EC) and tumor fibroblasts, can mimic the in vivo tumor microenvironment. Collectively, bioengineered tumors create an important resource for the in vitro study of tumor growth in 3D including tumor biomechanics and the effects of anti-cancer drugs on 3D tumor tissue. These technologies have the potential to overcome current limitations to genetic and histological tumor classification and development of personalized therapies.

The Science of Stem Cells

The Science of Stem Cells
  • Author : Jonathan M. W. Slack
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-16
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781119235156
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Summary : Introduces all of the essential cell biology and developmental biology background for the study of stem cells This book gives you all the important information you need to become a stem cell scientist. It covers the characterization of cells, genetic techniques for modifying cells and organisms, tissue culture technology, transplantation immunology, properties of pluripotent and tissue specific stem cells and, in particular, the relevant aspects of mammalian developmental biology. It dispels many misconceptions about stem cells—especially that they can be miracle cells that can cure all ills. The book puts emphasis on stem cell behavior in its biological context and on how to study it. Throughout, the approach is simple, direct, and logical, and evidence is given to support conclusions. Stem cell biology has huge potential for advancing therapies for many distressing and recalcitrant diseases, and its potential will be realized most quickly when as many people as possible have a good grounding in the science of stem cells. Content focused on the basic science underpinning stem cell biology Covers techniques of studying cell properties and cell lineage in vivo and in vitro Explains the basics of embryonic development and cell differentiation, as well as the essential cell biology processes of signaling, gene expression, and cell division Includes instructor resources such as further reading and figures for downloading Offers an online supplement summarizing current clinical applications of stem cells Written by a prominent leader in the field, The Science of Stem Cells is an ideal course book for advanced undergraduates or graduate students studying stem cell biology, regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, and other topics of science and biology.

Corneal Regeneration

Corneal Regeneration
  • Author : Jorge L. Alió,Jorge L. Alió del Barrio,Francisco Arnalich-Montiel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-20
  • Total pages :507
  • ISBN : 9783030013042
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Summary : This text provides expert instruction on the varying surgical techniques currently employed for the regeneration of the ocular surface. Corneal Regeneration: Therapy and Surgery begins with a thorough discussion of current research based on data obtained in clinical human studies, and discusses the potential clinical implications for this promising new stage of eye surgery. Sections devoted to the stem cell, regenerative surgery and therapy of the ocular surface epithelium, corneal stroma, and corneal endothelium follow, each section comprehensively covering applied anatomy, current therapy and regenerative techniques, with a look to future directions of the field including eventual cell therapy. Corneal Regeneration: Therapy and Surgery is the first book of its kind, systematically covering the developments the medical community has achieved in corneal regeneration from all angles. Written and edited by leading experts in the field, researchers and ophthalmologists alike will find this to be a unique source of information on corneal regeneration, as well as a thoughtful reflection on potential applications of regenerative surgery in ophthalmology as a whole.

Human Embryonic Stem Cells

Human Embryonic Stem Cells
  • Author : Arlene Chiu,Mahendra S. Rao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-08-01
  • Total pages :461
  • ISBN : 9781592594238
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Summary : A discussion of all the key issues in the use of human pluripotent stem cells for treating degenerative diseases or for replacing tissues lost from trauma. On the practical side, the topics range from the problems of deriving human embryonic stem cells and driving their differentiation along specific lineages, regulating their development into mature cells, and bringing stem cell therapy to clinical trials. Regulatory issues are addressed in discussions of the ethical debate surrounding the derivation of human embryonic stem cells and the current policies governing their use in the United States and abroad, including the rules and conditions regulating federal funding and questions of intellectual property.

Nervous System Drug Delivery

Nervous System Drug Delivery
  • Author : Russell R. Lonser,Malisa Sarntinoranont,Kristof Bankiewicz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-25
  • Total pages :556
  • ISBN : 9780128139981
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Summary : Nervous System Drug Delivery: Principles and Practice helps users understand the nervous system physiology affecting drug delivery, the principles that underlie various drug delivery methods, and the appropriate application of drug delivery methods for drug- and disease-specific treatments. Researchers developing nervous system putative therapeutic agents will use this book to optimize drug delivery during preclinical assessment and to prepare for regulatory advancement of new agents. Clinicians will gain direct insights into pathophysiologic alterations that impact drug delivery and students and trainees will find this a critical resource for understanding and applying nervous system drug delivery techniques. Offers an up-to-date, comprehensive resource on drug delivery to the nervous system Provides a bridge for understanding across nervous system delivery-related physiology, drug delivery principles. and the methodologies that underlie the various methods of drug distribution (with clinical application) Written for a broad audience of researchers, clinicians and advanced graduate students in neuroscience, neurology, neurosurgery, pharmacology, radiology and psychiatry

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
  • Author : Rebecca Skloot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-02-02
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780307589385
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Summary : #1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • “The story of modern medicine and bioethics—and, indeed, race relations—is refracted beautifully, and movingly.”—Entertainment Weekly NOW A MAJOR MOTION PICTURE FROM HBO® STARRING OPRAH WINFREY AND ROSE BYRNE • ONE OF THE “MOST INFLUENTIAL” (CNN), “DEFINING” (LITHUB), AND “BEST” (THE PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER) BOOKS OF THE DECADE • ONE OF ESSENCE’S 50 MOST IMPACTFUL BLACK BOOKS OF THE PAST 50 YEARS • WINNER OF THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE HEARTLAND PRIZE FOR NONFICTION NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY The New York Times Book Review • Entertainment Weekly • O: The Oprah Magazine • NPR • Financial Times • New York • Independent (U.K.) • Times (U.K.) • Publishers Weekly • Library Journal • Kirkus Reviews • Booklist • Globe and Mail Her name was Henrietta Lacks, but scientists know her as HeLa. She was a poor Southern tobacco farmer who worked the same land as her slave ancestors, yet her cells—taken without her knowledge—became one of the most important tools in medicine: The first “immortal” human cells grown in culture, which are still alive today, though she has been dead for more than sixty years. HeLa cells were vital for developing the polio vaccine; uncovered secrets of cancer, viruses, and the atom bomb’s effects; helped lead to important advances like in vitro fertilization, cloning, and gene mapping; and have been bought and sold by the billions. Yet Henrietta Lacks remains virtually unknown, buried in an unmarked grave. Henrietta’s family did not learn of her “immortality” until more than twenty years after her death, when scientists investigating HeLa began using her husband and children in research without informed consent. And though the cells had launched a multimillion-dollar industry that sells human biological materials, her family never saw any of the profits. As Rebecca Skloot so brilliantly shows, the story of the Lacks family—past and present—is inextricably connected to the dark history of experimentation on African Americans, the birth of bioethics, and the legal battles over whether we control the stuff we are made of. Over the decade it took to uncover this story, Rebecca became enmeshed in the lives of the Lacks family—especially Henrietta’s daughter Deborah. Deborah was consumed with questions: Had scientists cloned her mother? Had they killed her to harvest her cells? And if her mother was so important to medicine, why couldn’t her children afford health insurance? Intimate in feeling, astonishing in scope, and impossible to put down, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks captures the beauty and drama of scientific discovery, as well as its human consequences.

The Use of CRISPR/cas9, ZFNs, TALENs in Generating Site-Specific Genome Alterations

The Use of CRISPR/cas9, ZFNs, TALENs in Generating Site-Specific Genome Alterations
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-04
  • Total pages :570
  • ISBN : 9780128013342
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Summary : This new volume of Methods in Enzymology continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. This volume covers recent research and methods development for changing the DNA sequence within the genomes of cells and organisms. Focusing on enzymes that generate double-strand breaks in DNA, the chapters describe use of molecular tools to introduce or delete genetic information at specific sites in the genomes of animal, plant and bacterial cells. Continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field Covers research methods in biomineralization science Contains sections on such topics as genome editing, genome engineering, CRISPR, Cas9, TALEN and zinc finger nuclease

The Columbia Guide to Basic Elements of Eye Care

The Columbia Guide to Basic Elements of Eye Care
  • Author : Daniel S. Casper,George A. Cioffi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-01
  • Total pages :531
  • ISBN : 9783030108861
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Summary : This unique resource is a practical, easy-to-use guide for the non-ophthalmologist healthcare provider as they encounter patients with eye complaints and other concerning ophthalmic conditions. The Columbia Guide to Basic Elements of Eye Care is specifically designed with the non-ophthalmologist in mind, and provides a foundation of basic eye anatomy and physiology, functional analysis, pathology, and concepts in eye care. Each chapter delivers an accessible summary of various ophthalmic diseases and conditions, all of which are frequently encountered in everyday practice. These chapters provide in-depth discussions on a wide range of topics, from testing and examination procedures to management protocols, referral guidelines and expected frequency of follow-up for each disorder. Complete with hundreds of high-quality, descriptive illustrations and clinical photographs, The Columbia Guide to Basic Elements of Eye Care presents clear, understandable explanations of basic eye anatomy, physiology, disease and treatment for non-ophthalmic practitioners and students. In doing so, this guide provides a framework for determining the normal versus the abnormal, helping the reader recognize which patients require referral, and identify which conditions are developing, require urgent treatment, or can be routinely followed. Non-ophthalmologist healthcare providers and students alike will find this book, written by leaders in the field, a practical resource to consult as they encounter patients with treatable but potentially sight-threatening conditions.