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Cross-Scale Coupling and Energy Transfer in the Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere System

Cross-Scale Coupling and Energy Transfer in the Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere System
  • Author : Toshi Nishimura,Olga Verkhoglyadova,Yue Deng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-08-15
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 0128213663
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Summary : Cross-Scale Coupling and Energy Transfer in the Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere System provides a systematic understanding of Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere dynamics. Cross-scale coupling has become increasingly important in the Space Physics community. Although large-scale processes can specify the averaged state of the system reasonably well, they cannot accurately describe localized and rapidly varying structures in space in actual events. Such localized and variable structures can be as intense as the large-scale features. This book covers observations on quantifying coupling and energetics and simulation on evaluating impacts of cross-scale processes. It includes an in-depth review and summary of the current status of multi-scale coupling processes, fundamental physics, and concise illustrations and plots that are usable in tutorial presentations and classrooms. Organized by physical quantities in the system, Cross-Scale Coupling and Energy Transfer in the Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere System reviews recent advances in cross-scale coupling and energy transfer processes, making it an important resource for space physicists and researchers working on the magnetosphere, ionosphere, and thermosphere. Describes frontier science and major science around M-I-T coupling, allowing for foundational understanding of this emerging field in space physics Reviews recent and key findings in the cutting-edge of the science Discusses open questions and pathways for understanding how the field is evolving

Multiscale Coupling of Sun-Earth Processes

Multiscale Coupling of Sun-Earth Processes
  • Author : A.T.Y. Lui,Y. Kamide,G. Consolini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-07-06
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9780080457697
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Summary : Many approaches exist for scientific investigations and space research is no exception. The early approach during which each space plasma region within the Sun-Earth system was investigated separately with physics-based tools has now progressed to encompass investigations on coupling between these regions. Ample evidence now exists indicating the dynamic processes in these regions exhibit disturbances over a wide range of scales both in time and space. This new reckoning naturally leads to an emerging perspective of probing these natural phenomena with concepts and tools developed in modern statistical mechanics for physical processes governing the evolution of out-of-equilibrium and complex systems. These new developments have prompted a topical conference on Sun-Earth connection, held on February 9-13, 2004 at Kailua-Kona, Hawaii, USA, with the goal of promoting interactions among scientists practicing the traditional physics-based approach and those utilizing modern statistical techniques. This monograph is a product of this conference, a compilation of thirty-nine articles assembled into seven chapters: (1) multiscale features in complexity dynamics, (2) space storms, (3) magnetospheric substorms, (4) turbulence and magnetic reconnection, (5) modeling and coupling of space phenomena, (6) techniques for multiscale space plasma problems, and (7) present and future multiscale space missions. These articles show a diversity of space phenomena exhibiting scale free characteristics, intermittency, and non-Gaussian distributions of probability density function of fluctuations in the physical parameters of the Sun-Earth system. The scope covers the latest observations, theories, simulations, and techniques on the multiscale nature of Sun-Earth phenomena and underscores the usefulness in cross-disciplinary exchange needed to unravel the underlying physical processes, which may eventually lead to a possible unified description and prediction for space disturbances. * Extensive collection of state-of-the-art papers on multiscale coupling of Sun-Earth Processes * Present and future multiscale space missions * New techniques and models for performing multiscale analysis

Solar and Space Physics

Solar and Space Physics
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-25
  • Total pages :36
  • ISBN : 9780309313957
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Summary : In 2010, NASA and the National Science Foundation asked the National Research Council to assemble a committee of experts to develop an integrated national strategy that would guide agency investments in solar and space physics for the years 2013-2022. That strategy, the result of nearly 2 years of effort by the survey committee, which worked with more than 100 scientists and engineers on eight supporting study panels, is presented in the 2013 publication, Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society. This booklet, designed to be accessible to a broader audience of policymakers and the interested public, summarizes the content of that report.

Geomagnetism, Aeronomy and Space Weather

Geomagnetism, Aeronomy and Space Weather
  • Author : Mioara Mandea,Monika Korte,Andrew Yau,Eduard Petrovsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-14
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9781108418485
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Summary : An interdisciplinary review of research in geomagnetism, aeronomy and space weather, written by eminent researchers from these fields.

Cross-Scale Coupling in Space Plasmas

Cross-Scale Coupling in Space Plasmas
  • Author : James L. Horwitz,Nagendra Singh,James L. Burch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-01-09
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9780875900759
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Summary : Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 93. A principal goal of space plasma researchers is to understand the influence of various transport processes on each other, even when such processes operate at widely varying spatial and temporal scales. We know that large-scale plasma flows in space lead to unstable conditions with small spatial (centimeters to meters) and temporal (microseconds to seconds) scales. The large-scale flows, for example in the magnetosphere-ionosphere system, involve scale lengths of kilometers to several Earth radii and temporal scales of minutes to hours. We must know specific contextual answers to the questions: Do the small-scale waves (microprocesses) modify the large-scale flows? Do these modifications significantly affect the transport of mass, momentum, and energy? How can such coupling processes and their influences be revealed observationally? And, perhaps most challenging of all, how do we incorporate the microprocesses into theoretical models of larger-scale space plasma transport?

Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Solar System

Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Solar System
  • Author : Charles R. Chappell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-31
  • Total pages :414
  • ISBN : 9781119066774
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Summary : Over a half century of exploration of the Earth’s space environment, it has become evident that the interaction between the ionosphere and the magnetosphere plays a dominant role in the evolution and dynamics of magnetospheric plasmas and fields. Interestingly, it was recently discovered that this same interaction is of fundamental importance at other planets and moons throughout the solar system. Based on papers presented at an interdisciplinary AGU Chapman Conference at Yosemite National Park in February 2014, this volume provides an intellectual and visual journey through our exploration and discovery of the paradigm-changing role that the ionosphere plays in determining the filling and dynamics of Earth and planetary environments. The 2014 Chapman conference marks the 40th anniversary of the initial magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling conference at Yosemite in 1974, and thus gives a four decade perspective of the progress of space science research in understanding these fundamental coupling processes. Digital video links to an online archive containing both the 1974 and 2014 meetings are presented throughout this volume for use as an historical resource by the international heliophysics and planetary science communities. Topics covered in this volume include: Ionosphere as a source of magnetospheric plasma Effects of the low energy ionospheric plasma on the stability and creation of the more energetic plasmas The unified global modeling of the ionosphere and magnetosphere at the Earth and other planets New knowledge of these coupled interactions for heliophysicists and planetary scientists, with a cross-disciplinary approach involving advanced measurement and modeling techniques Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Solar System is a valuable resource for researchers in the fields of space and planetary science, atmospheric science, space physics, astronomy, and geophysics.

Advances in Space Research

Advances in Space Research
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :236
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105131881448
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Summary :

Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling

Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling
  • Author : Y. Kamide,Wolfgang Baumjohann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : 9783642500626
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Summary : In the past two decades a succession of direct observations by satellites, and of extensive computer simulations, has led to the realization that the polar ionosphere plays a principal role in large-scale magnetospheric processes - a manifestation of the physics linkage involved in solar-terrestrial interactions. Spatial/temporal variations in high-latitude electromagnetic phenomena, such as dynamic aurorae, electric fields and currents, have proved to be extremely complex. Now the challenge is to comprehend the vast amount of complicated measurements made in this magnetosphere-ionosphere sysstem of the Earth. This book addresses the electrical coupling between the hot, but dilute, magnetospheric plasma and the cold, but dense, plasma in the ionosphere. In five major chapters, this book presents: - basic properties of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; - morphology of electric fields and currents at high latitudes; - global modeling of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling; - modeling of ionospheric electrodynamics; - current issues, such as auroral particle acceleration, substorms, penetration of high-latitude fields into low latitudes.

Space Physics and Aeronomy, Magnetospheres in the Solar System

Space Physics and Aeronomy, Magnetospheres in the Solar System
  • Author : Romain Maggiolo,Nicolas André,Hiroshi Hasegawa,Daniel T. Welling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-14
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9781119829980
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Summary : An overview of current knowledge and future research directions in magnetospheric physics In the six decades since the term 'magnetosphere' was first introduced, much has been theorized and discovered about the magnetized space surrounding each of the bodies in our solar system. Each magnetosphere is unique yet behaves according to universal physical processes. Magnetospheres in the Solar System brings together contributions from experimentalists, theoreticians, and numerical modelers to present an overview of diverse magnetospheres, from the mini-magnetospheres of Mercury to the giant planetary magnetospheres of Jupiter and Saturn. Volume highlights include: Concise history of magnetospheres, basic principles, and equations Overview of the fundamental processes that govern magnetospheric physics Tools and techniques used to investigate magnetospheric processes Special focus on Earth’s magnetosphere and its dynamics Coverage of planetary magnetic fields and magnetospheres throughout the solar system Identification of future research directions in magnetospheric physics The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.

Space Physics Strategy--implementation Study

Space Physics Strategy--implementation Study
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105113754282
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Summary :

Solar and Space Physics

Solar and Space Physics
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Space Studies Board,Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-26
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 9780309164283
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Summary : From the interior of the Sun, to the upper atmosphere and near-space environment of Earth, and outward to a region far beyond Pluto where the Sun's influence wanes, advances during the past decade in space physics and solar physics--the disciplines NASA refers to as heliophysics--have yielded spectacular insights into the phenomena that affect our home in space. Solar and Space Physics, from the National Research Council's (NRC's) Committee for a Decadal Strategy in Solar and Space Physics, is the second NRC decadal survey in heliophysics. Building on the research accomplishments realized during the past decade, the report presents a program of basic and applied research for the period 2013-2022 that will improve scientific understanding of the mechanisms that drive the Sun's activity and the fundamental physical processes underlying near-Earth plasma dynamics, determine the physical interactions of Earth's atmospheric layers in the context of the connected Sun-Earth system, and enhance greatly the capability to provide realistic and specific forecasts of Earth's space environment that will better serve the needs of society. Although the recommended program is directed primarily at NASA and the National Science Foundation for action, the report also recommends actions by other federal agencies, especially the parts of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration charged with the day-to-day (operational) forecast of space weather. In addition to the recommendations included in this summary, related recommendations are presented in this report.

Chronique de l'U.G.G.I.

Chronique de l'U.G.G.I.
  • Author : International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822009580440
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Summary :

Physics Briefs

Physics Briefs
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015027456717
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Summary :

Ionospheric Convection

Ionospheric Convection
  • Author : Aaron James Ridley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : UOM:39015041250815
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Summary :

Sun-Earth Connection and Space Climate

Sun-Earth Connection and Space Climate
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :6
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105131868544
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Summary :

Extreme Events in Geospace

Extreme Events in Geospace
  • Author : Natalia Buzulukova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-01
  • Total pages :798
  • ISBN : 9780128127018
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Summary : Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences helps deepen the understanding, description, and forecasting of the complex and inter-related phenomena of extreme space weather events. Composed of chapters written by representatives from many different institutions and fields of space research, the book offers discussions ranging from definitions and historical knowledge to operational issues and methods of analysis. Given that extremes in ionizing radiation, ionospheric irregularities, and geomagnetically induced currents may have the potential to disrupt our technologies or pose danger to human health, it is increasingly important to synthesize the information available on not only those consequences but also the origins and predictability of such events. Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences is a valuable source for providing the latest research for geophysicists and space weather scientists, as well as industries impacted by space weather events, including GNSS satellites and radio communication, power grids, aviation, and human spaceflight. The list of first/second authors includes M. Hapgood, N. Gopalswamy, K.D. Leka, G. Barnes, Yu. Yermolaev, P. Riley, S. Sharma, G. Lakhina, B. Tsurutani, C. Ngwira, A. Pulkkinen, J. Love, P. Bedrosian, N. Buzulukova, M. Sitnov, W. Denig, M. Panasyuk, R. Hajra, D. Ferguson, S. Lai, L. Narici, K. Tobiska, G. Gapirov, A. Mannucci, T. Fuller-Rowell, X. Yue, G. Crowley, R. Redmon, V. Airapetian, D. Boteler, M. MacAlester, S. Worman, D. Neudegg, and M. Ishii. Helps to define extremes in space weather and describes existing methods of analysis Discusses current scientific understanding of these events and outlines future challenges Considers the ways in which space weather may affect daily life Demonstrates deep connections between astrophysics, heliophysics, and space weather applications, including a discussion of extreme space weather events from the past Examines national and space policy issues concerning space weather in Australia, Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States

Chemical Abstracts

Chemical Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015057321369
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Summary :

Ring Current Investigations

Ring Current Investigations
  • Author : Vania K. Jordanova,Raluca Ilie,Margaret W. Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-18
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9780128155721
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Summary : Ring Current Investigations offers a comprehensive description of ring current dynamics in the Earth’s magnetosphere as part of the coupled magnetosphere-ionosphere system. In order to help researchers develop a deeper understanding of the fundamental physics of geomagnetic storms, it includes a detailed description of energetic charged particles injection, trapping, and loss. It reviews historical and recent advances in observations, measurements, theory and simulations of the inner magnetosphere and its coupling to the ionosphere and other surrounding plasma populations. In addition, it compares the physics of ring currents at other strongly magnetized planets in the solar system, specifically Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, with the ring current system at Earth. Providing a description of the most important space weather effects driven by inner magnetospheric energetic particles during geomagnetic storms and present capabilities for their nowcast and forecast, Ring Current Investigations is an important reference for researchers in geophysics and space science, especially related to plasma physics, the ionosphere and magnetosphere, solar-terrestrial relations, and spacecraft anomalies. Includes an appendix with links to downloadable video clips, illustrating features of ring current and geomagnetic storm dynamics Provides overview of existing state-of-the-art numerical models and links for open-source code downloads Offers guidance on how to develop numerical models within the context of the present-day understanding

International Aerospace Abstracts

International Aerospace Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105021810432
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Summary :

Ionospheric Multi-Spacecraft Analysis Tools

Ionospheric Multi-Spacecraft Analysis Tools
  • Author : Malcolm Wray Dunlop
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9783030267322
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Summary :

The Atmosphere and Climate of Mars

The Atmosphere and Climate of Mars
  • Author : Robert M. Haberle,R. Todd Clancy,François Forget,Michael D. Smith,Richard W. Zurek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-29
  • Total pages :644
  • ISBN : 9781107016187
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Summary : Humanity has long been fascinated by the planet Mars. Was its climate ever conducive to life? What is the atmosphere like today and why did it change so dramatically over time? Eleven spacecraft have successfully flown to Mars since the Viking mission of the 1970s and early 1980s. These orbiters, landers and rovers have generated vast amounts of data that now span a Martian decade (roughly eighteen years). This new volume brings together the many new ideas about the atmosphere and climate system that have emerged, including the complex interplay of the volatile and dust cycles, the atmosphere-surface interactions that connect them over time, and the diversity of the planet's environment and its complex history. Including tutorials and explanations of complicated ideas, students, researchers and non-specialists alike are able to use this resource to gain a thorough and up-to-date understanding of this most Earth-like of planetary neighbours.