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Crystallization and Crystallizers

Crystallization and Crystallizers
  • Author : Jean-Paul Duroudier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-01
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780081017753
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Summary : Crystallization and Crystallizers, part of the Industrial Equipment for Chemical Engineering set, defines how to perform the selection and calculation of equipment needed in the basic operations of process engineering, offering reliable and simple methods, with this volume providing a comprehensive focus on crystallization and crystallizers. Throughout these concise and easy-to-use books, the author uses his vast practical experience and precision knowledge of global research to present an in-depth study of a variety of aspects within the field of chemical engineering. The formation of crystals (or nucleation) is studied in its theoretical and practical details The author also provides methods needed for understanding the equipment used in applied thermodynamics The chapters are complemented with appendices which provide additional information as well as any associated references

Crystallization Process Systems

Crystallization Process Systems
  • Author : Alan G. Jones
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :341
  • ISBN : 9780750655200
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Summary : Crystallization Process Systems gives a clear, concise, balanced and up to date presentation of crystallization and solid-liquid separation of the crystalline product. The information is presented in a coherent, concise and logical sequence based on the fundamentals of particulate crystallization processes as systems. By emphasising the analysis, design and operation of particulate crystallization processes as systems, the reader will be able to make a better judgement about the best, cheapest and most effective production method to use. Crystallization Process Systems gives a wider view and an overview of the subject of crystallization as a whole. It provides an ideal lead-in to more specialized works such as Crystallization and Solid-Liquid Separation - also published by BH. Presents a coherent, concise and logical sequence based on the fundamentals of particulate crystallization processes as systemsEmphasis on the design and optimization of the crystallization processing system

Handbook of Industrial Crystallization

Handbook of Industrial Crystallization
  • Author : Allan Myerson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-01-08
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 0080533515
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Summary : Crystallization is an important separation and purification process used in industries ranging from bulk commodity chemicals to specialty chemicals and pharmaceuticals. In recent years, a number of environmental applications have also come to rely on crystallization in waste treatment and recycling processes. The authors provide an introduction to the field of newcomers and a reference to those involved in the various aspects of industrial crystallization. It is a complete volume covering all aspects of industrial crystallization, including material related to both fundamentals and applications. This new edition presents detailed material on crystallization of biomolecules, precipitation, impurity-crystal interactions, solubility, and design. Provides an ideal introduction for industrial crystallization newcomers Serves as a worthwhile reference to anyone involved in the field Covers all aspects of industrial crystallization in a single, complete volume

Industrial Crystallization

Industrial Crystallization
  • Author : Alison Lewis,Marcelo Seckler,Herman Kramer,Gerda van Rosmalen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-02
  • Total pages :323
  • ISBN : 9781107052154
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Summary : A comprehensive overview of industrial crystallization, its theory and practice, including recent advances, real world case studies, and worked examples.

Crystallization

Crystallization
  • Author : J W Mullin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-05-09
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780080530116
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Summary : Since the first publication of this definitive work nearly 40 years ago, this fourth edition has been completely rewritten. Crystallization is used at some stage in nearly all process industries as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. Incorporating all the recent developments and applications of crystallization technology, Crystallization gives clear accounts of the underlying principles, a review of the past and current research themes and guidelines for equipment and process design. This new edition introduces and enlarges upon such subjects as: Control and Separation of polymorphs and chiral crystals Micro- and macro-mixing and the use of computer fluid dynamics Seeding and secondary nucleation in batch crystallization processes Incorporation of upstream and downstream requirements into design procedures for crystallization plant Computer-aided molecular design and its use in crystal habit modifier selection Crystallization provides a comprehensive overview of the subject and will prove invaluable to all chemical engineers and industrial chemists in the process industries as well as crystallization workers and students in industry and academia. Crystallization is written with the precision and clarity of style that is John Mullin's hallmark - a special feature being the large number of appendices that provide relevant physical property data. Covers all new developments and trends in crystallization Comprehensive coverage of subject area

Industrial Crystallization

Industrial Crystallization
  • Author : Narayan S. Tavare
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9781489902337
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Summary : Incorporating all recent developments and applications of crystallization technology, this volume offers a clear account of the field's underlying principles, reviews of past and current research, and provides guidelines for equipment and process design. The book takes a balanced functional approach in its critical survey of research literature, and includes several problems based on real practical situations that illustrate theoretical development. Several new concepts and techniques used in process simulation and identification analysis are featured.

Crystallization Technology Handbook

Crystallization Technology Handbook
  • Author : A. Mersmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-05-08
  • Total pages :840
  • ISBN : 9780824745110
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Summary : This handbook seeks to facilitate the selection, design and operation of large-scale industrial crystallizers that process crystals with the proper size distribution, shape and purity sought. This second edition offers results on direct-contact cooling crystallization.

Design of Crystallizers

Design of Crystallizers
  • Author : Jaroslav Nyvlt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-08-11
  • Total pages :175
  • ISBN : UOM:39015028434135
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Summary : Design of Crystallizers provides a survey of design methods for specific types of crystallizers. The book begins by presenting a simplified description of the kinetics of crystallization, which includes the basic rules for modellng and design of crystallizers. The remainder of the book is dedicated to providing design methods illustrated by practical examples. These design methods have been verified in the laboratory, pilot plant, and in some cases, production scale. Crystallizers discussed include agitated crystallizers, chamber crystallizers, classifying crystallizers, and others. Design of Crystallizers will be a tremendous asset to all engineers and scientists working in the field of industrial crystallization.

Industrial Crystallization

Industrial Crystallization
  • Author : J. Mullin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :473
  • ISBN : 9781461572589
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Summary : Industrial Crystallization Symposia have been organized by the Crystallization Research Group at the Czechoslovak Research Institute for Inorganic Chemistry, Usti nad Labem, since 1960. Over the years, the increasing popularity of the unit operation of crystallization has been clearly demonstrated by the steady increase in numbers of both the papers presented and the attendances at the meetings. The 6th Symposium (1-3 September 1975) was organized jointly with the European Federation of Chemical Engineering Working Party on Crystallization, and the 44 papers presented were arranged into four sessions - A: Secondary Nucleation, B: Crystal Growth Kinetics, C: Crystal Habit Modification, D: Crystallizer Design, E: Indus trial Crystallizer Operation and Case Studies. The same groupings are preserved in this edited version of the proceedings. This is the first time that the Industrial Crystallization Symposium papers have appeared in one volume. After the 5th (1972) Symposium, authors we.re encouraged to submit their papers to an international journal specializing in crystallization. However, the results were not altogether satisfactory in that less than one third of the papers presented at the meeting were offered for consideration. This time, therefore, the organizing committee decided to attempt to keep the papers together by making arrangements for their pUblication by Plenum Press.

Industrial Crystallization Process Monitoring and Control

Industrial Crystallization Process Monitoring and Control
  • Author : Angelo Chianese,Herman J. Kramer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-06
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 9783527645176
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Summary : Crystallization is an important technique for separation and purification of substances as well as for product design in chemical, pharmaceutical and biotechnological process industries. This ready reference and handbook draws on research work and industrial practice of a large group of experts in the various areas of industrial crystallization processes, capturing the essence of current trends, the markets, design tools and technologies in this key field. Along the way, it outlines trouble free production, provides laboratory controls, analyses case studies and discusses new challenges. First the instrumentation and techniques used to measure the crystal size distribution, the nucleation and solubility points, and the chemical composition of the solid and liquid phase are outlined. Then the main techniques adopted to control industrial crystallizers, starting from fundamental approaches to the most advanced ones, including the multivariable predictive control are described. An overview of the main crystallizer types is given with details of the main control schemes adopted in industry as well as the more suitable sensors and actuators.

Crystallization

Crystallization
  • Author : Wolfgang Beckmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-14
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9783527650347
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Summary : Crystallization is a natural occurring process but also a process abundantly used in the industry. Crystallization can occur from a solution, from the melt or via deposition of material from the gas phase (desublimation). Crystals distinguish themself from liquids, gases and amorphous substances by the long-range order of its building blocks that entail the crystals to be formed of well-defined faces, and give rise to a large number of properties of the solid. Crystallization is used at some stage in nearly all process industries as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. Crystallization is practiced on all scales: from the isolation of the first milligrams of a newly synthesized substance in the research laboratory to isolating products on the mulit-million tonne scale in industry. The book describes the breadth of crystallization operations, from isolation from a reaction broth to purification and finally to tailoring product properties. In the first section of the book, the basic mechanisms - nucleation, growth, attrition and agglomeration are introduced. It ensures an understanding of supersaturation, the driving force of crystallization. Furthermore, the solubility of the substance and its dependences on process conditions and the various techniques of crystallization and their possibilities and limitations are discussed. Last but not least, the first part includes an intensive treatment of polymorphism . The second part builds on the basics, exploring how crystallization processes can be developed, either batch-wise or continuous, from solution or from the melt. A discussion of the purification during crystallization serves as a link between the two sections, where practical aspects and an insight using theoretical concepts are combined. Mixing and its influence on the crystallization as well as the mutual interference of down-stream processes with the crystallization are also treated. Finally, techniques to characterize the crop are discussed. The third part of the book is dedicated to accounts of actual developments and of carried-out crystallizations. Typical pitfalls and strategies to avoid these as well as the design of robust processes are presented.

Crystallisation

Crystallisation
  • Author : John William Mullin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1972
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : UCAL:B4455954
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Summary :

Melt Crystallization Technology

Melt Crystallization Technology
  • Author : Tine Arkenbout-de Vroome
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-05-02
  • Total pages :383
  • ISBN : 1566761816
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Summary : From the Author's Preface There is a growing demand for ultrapure organic compounds such as fine chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and basic materials for use in the polymer industry. . . . In quite a number of cases, it is difficult or impossible to manufacture ultrapure organics efficiently using conventional separation techniques such as distillation. Moreover, conventional techniques usually require large amounts of energy. To improve the purification efficiency of organics, special techniques based on crystallization from the melt have been developed. Melt crystallization meets industry's need for a highly selective separation process for organic compounds which operates at low enough temperatures to prevent thermal degradation. Melt crystallization processes have the added advantage that they are energy-efficient and ecologically sound. Melt crystallization techniques appear to be particularly promising for upgrading organic materials and are one of the few routes that appear to be feasible for purifying starter materials for high-tech polymers. The aim of this book is to provide basic information on melt crystallization technology. . . . This monograph consists of three parts: 1. basic principles, 2. process options, and 3. technical equipment and applicability. This new book is the first unified guide and reference to an important chemical process technology. It is comprehensive and organized for easy reference. More than 150 diagrammatic representations, flow charts and photographs illustrate equipment and processes. More than 40 tables provide useful reference data. The Author Dr. Arkenbout studied chemistry at the University of Utrecht, and joined TNO, the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research. He has specialized in research on new separation processes and has had thirty of his articles on this subject published. He recently retired from the position of manager of physical separation research, but has remained active in this field through affiliations with the Laboratory of Solid State Chemistry at the University of Nijmegen, the Laboratory for Process Equipment, Delft University of Technology, and TNO.

Design and Processing of Particulate Products

Design and Processing of Particulate Products
  • Author : Jim Litster
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-31
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9781107007376
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Summary : A unique text providing comprehensive coverage of fundamental particle science, processing and technology. Including quantitative tools, real-world case studies and end-of-chapter problems, it is ideal for students in engineering and applied sciences, as well as for practitioners in a range of industries manufacturing particulate products.

Chemical Engineering for Non-Chemical Engineers

Chemical Engineering for Non-Chemical Engineers
  • Author : Jack Hipple
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-05
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781119309659
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Summary : Outlines the concepts of chemical engineering so that non-chemical engineers can interface with and understand basic chemical engineering concepts Overviews the difference between laboratory and industrial scale practice of chemistry, consequences of mistakes, and approaches needed to scale a lab reaction process to an operating scale Covers basics of chemical reaction eningeering, mass, energy, and fluid energy balances, how economics are scaled, and the nature of various types of flow sheets and how they are developed vs. time of a project Details the basics of fluid flow and transport, how fluid flow is characterized and explains the difference between positive displacement and centrifugal pumps along with their limitations and safety aspects of these differences Reviews the importance and approaches to controlling chemical processes and the safety aspects of controlling chemical processes, Reviews the important chemical engineering design aspects of unit operations including distillation, absorption and stripping, adsorption, evaporation and crystallization, drying and solids handling, polymer manufacture, and the basics of tank and agitation system design

Molecular Modeling Applications in Crystallization

Molecular Modeling Applications in Crystallization
  • Author : Allan S. Myerson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-09-08
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 0521019516
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Summary : The first book to introduce molecular modeling and its applications in crystallization - written by leading experts in the field.

Precision Crystallization

Precision Crystallization
  • Author : Ingo Leubner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-28
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 1439806756
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Summary : Despite the fact that crystals make up an estimated 80% of chemical and pharmaceutical products, few resources exist that provide practical guidance on achieving precision control of their size and size distribution. Based on a model developed by the author and his colleagues, Precision Crystallization: Theory and Practice of Controlling Crystal Size presents scientists and product engineers with the tools to control crystal nucleation, enabling them to ultimately control crystal size and size distribution for batch and continuous crystallizations. At the cutting edge of crystallization science and technology, this volume presents information never before available. Introducing the Balanced Nucleation and Growth (BNG) model, the book demonstrates how the results of the nucleation process are quantitatively related to practical experimental control values such as: reaction addition rate crystal solubility temperature residence time (continuous crystallizations) the effect of ripening agents (crystal supersizing) during nucleation the effect of crystal growth restrainers (crystal nanosizing) during nucleation control of renucleation The author shows how the BNG theory predicts previously unknown phenomena and also how it corrects erroneous perceptions of the importance of reaction volume on the outcome of crystal nucleation. Going above and beyond classical nucleation theories which rely to a large extent on guesswork, the BNG model gives precise guidance to scientists working in a range of critical areas, leading to promising implications for research, quality control, product development, production processes, pilot plant operations, and manufacturing.

Theory of Particulate Processes

Theory of Particulate Processes
  • Author : Alan Ranodolph
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 9780323161817
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Summary : Theory of Particulate Processes: Analysis and Techniques of Continuous Crystallization, Second Edition covers the numerous population balance-based particulate studies. This edition emerged from the notes for an industrial short course on crystallization. This book is divided into 10 chapters and begins with an outline of the methods for representation of particle distributions and a systematic approach to the predictive modeling of processes where there is a need to characterize distributions in time and space and by some identifying property. The succeeding chapters provide a specific and more elementary approach to modeling crystal size distributions, as well as the modeling the kinetics of crystal nucleation and growth rates. Other chapters discuss a wide range of system analysis and design considerations specific to crystallization for both the steady state and unsteady state. The final chapters illustrate the use of a population balance analysis to interpret data from both laboratory and process equipment. These chapters also explore a wide variety of particulate processes and systems for which the population balance analysis is useful. This book is of great value to graduate students with particulate systems course.

The Handbook of Continuous Crystallization

The Handbook of Continuous Crystallization
  • Author : Nima Yazdanpanah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-19
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 1788012143
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Summary : Continuous crystallization is an area of intense research, with particular respect to the pharmaceutical industry and fine chemicals. Improvements in continuous crystallization technologies offer chemical industries significant financial gains, through reduced expenditure and operational costs, and consistent product quality. Written by well-known leaders in the field, The Handbook of Continuous Crystallization presents fundamental and applied knowledge, with attention paid to application and scaling up, and the burgeoning area of process intensification. Beginning with concepts around crystallization techniques and control strategies, the reader will learn about experimental methods and computational tools. Case studies spanning fine and bulk chemicals, the pharmaceutical industry, and employing new mathematical tools, put theory into context. With regulatory considerations also covered, this book is a must-have guide for the field.

Crystallization and Precipitation

Crystallization and Precipitation
  • Author : G L Strathdee,M O Klein,L A Melis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9781483191102
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Summary : Crystallization and Precipitation is a collection of papers that discusses the advancement in crystallization and precipitation technology. The titles assess the relative state of evolution of the science, engineering and practice in crystallization and precipitation. The coverage of the text includes chemical reactor approach to crystallizer analysis; uranium refining by uranyl nitrate hexahydrate crystallization; and valorization of liquid effluents by crystallization of sodium sulfate. The selection also covers precipitation of ferric arsenate from acid solutions; precipitation of silver on natural and synthetic sulphides theory and prospects of industrial use; and precipitation and its alternatives in the hydrometallurgy of gold. The book will be of great use to researchers and professionals who utilizes the mineral processes of crystallization and precipitation.

Principles of Sugar Technology

Principles of Sugar Technology
  • Author : Pieter Honig
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :790
  • ISBN : 9781483275109
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Summary : Principles of Sugar Technology focuses on the principles, methodologies, and processes involved in sugar technology, including properties of sugar and agents involved in its manufacture. The selection first offers information on the chemical and physical properties of sucrose, as well as decomposition, structure of the sucrose molecule, sucrose derivatives, crystallized and amorphous sucrose, and solvents. The book then takes a look at the physical and chemical properties of reducing sugars and non-nitrogenous organic acids of sugarcane. The publication ponders on nitrogen-containing nonsugars (amino acids and proteins), complex organic nonsugars of high molecular weight, and lipids of sugarcane. Discussions focus on the distribution of nitrogen in sugarcane, amino acids in cane juice and leaves, lignin, pectin, proteins, and significance of waxy and fatty lipids in sugar manufacture. The text also examines color and colored nonsugars, inorganic nonsugars, and agents used in sugar manufacture. The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in sugar technology.