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Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery for Geoscientists

Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery for Geoscientists
  • Author : Guangren Shi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-09
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9780124104754
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Summary : Currently there are major challenges in data mining applications in the geosciences. This is due primarily to the fact that there is a wealth of available mining data amid an absence of the knowledge and expertise necessary to analyze and accurately interpret the same data. Most geoscientists have no practical knowledge or experience using data mining techniques. For the few that do, they typically lack expertise in using data mining software and in selecting the most appropriate algorithms for a given application. This leads to a paradoxical scenario of "rich data but poor knowledge". The true solution is to apply data mining techniques in geosciences databases and to modify these techniques for practical applications. Authored by a global thought leader in data mining, Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery for Geoscientists addresses these challenges by summarizing the latest developments in geosciences data mining and arming scientists with the ability to apply key concepts to effectively analyze and interpret vast amounts of critical information. Focuses on 22 of data mining’s most practical algorithms and popular application samples Features 36 case studies and end-of-chapter exercises unique to the geosciences to underscore key data mining applications Presents a practical and integrated system of data mining and knowledge discovery for geoscientists Rigorous yet broadly accessible to geoscientists, engineers, researchers and programmers in data mining Introduces widely used algorithms, their basic principles and conditions of applications, diverse case studies, and suggests algorithms that may be suitable for specific applications

Scientific Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery

Scientific Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
  • Author : Mohamed Medhat Gaber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-19
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9783642027888
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Summary : Mohamed Medhat Gaber “It is not my aim to surprise or shock you – but the simplest way I can summarise is to say that there are now in the world machines that think, that learn and that create. Moreover, their ability to do these things is going to increase rapidly until – in a visible future – the range of problems they can handle will be coextensive with the range to which the human mind has been applied” by Herbert A. Simon (1916-2001) 1Overview This book suits both graduate students and researchers with a focus on discovering knowledge from scienti c data. The use of computational power for data analysis and knowledge discovery in scienti c disciplines has found its roots with the re- lution of high-performance computing systems. Computational science in physics, chemistry, and biology represents the rst step towards automation of data analysis tasks. The rational behind the developmentof computationalscience in different - eas was automating mathematical operations performed in those areas. There was no attention paid to the scienti c discovery process. Automated Scienti c Disc- ery (ASD) [1–3] represents the second natural step. ASD attempted to automate the process of theory discovery supported by studies in philosophy of science and cognitive sciences. Although early research articles have shown great successes, the area has not evolved due to many reasons. The most important reason was the lack of interaction between scientists and the automating systems.

Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Handbook

Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Handbook
  • Author : Oded Maimon,Lior Rokach
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-05-28
  • Total pages :1383
  • ISBN : 9780387254654
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Summary : Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Handbook organizes all major concepts, theories, methodologies, trends, challenges and applications of data mining (DM) and knowledge discovery in databases (KDD) into a coherent and unified repository. This book first surveys, then provides comprehensive yet concise algorithmic descriptions of methods, including classic methods plus the extensions and novel methods developed recently. This volume concludes with in-depth descriptions of data mining applications in various interdisciplinary industries including finance, marketing, medicine, biology, engineering, telecommunications, software, and security. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Handbook is designed for research scientists and graduate-level students in computer science and engineering. This book is also suitable for professionals in fields such as computing applications, information systems management, and strategic research management.

Spatio-Temporal Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Issues Overview

Spatio-Temporal Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Issues Overview
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :21
  • ISBN : OCLC:74229756
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Summary : Data mining or knowledge discovery refers to a variety of techniques having the intent of uncovering useful patterns and associations from large databases. The initial steps of data mining are concerned with preparation of data, including data cleaning intended to resolve errors and missing data and integration of data from multiple heterogeneous sources. Next are the steps needed to prepare for actual data mining including the selection of the specific data relevant to the task and the transformation of this data into a format required by the data mining approach. Finally specific data mining algorithms such as class description, association rules and classification clustering are applied. There are specific characteristics of spatial and temporal data, as found in GIS and multi%media data, that make knowledge discovery in this domain more complex than in mining ordinary data such as found in typical business sales applications. Here we provide a survey of work in spatio-temporal data mining emphasizing the special characteristics. An overview is given of different sources and types of geospatial, oceanographic and meteorological data and the associated issues inherent in their use in knowledge discovery.

Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery

Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
  • Author : Harvey J. Miller,Jiawei Han
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05-27
  • Total pages :486
  • ISBN : 9781420073980
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Summary : The Definitive Volume on Cutting-Edge Exploratory Analysis of Massive Spatial and Spatiotemporal DatabasesSince the publication of the first edition of Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, new techniques for geographic data warehousing (GDW), spatial data mining, and geovisualization (GVis) have been developed. In addition, there has bee

Large-Scale Machine Learning in the Earth Sciences

Large-Scale Machine Learning in the Earth Sciences
  • Author : Ashok N. Srivastava,Ramakrishna Nemani,Karsten Steinhaeuser
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-01
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9781315354460
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Summary : From the Foreword: "While large-scale machine learning and data mining have greatly impacted a range of commercial applications, their use in the field of Earth sciences is still in the early stages. This book, edited by Ashok Srivastava, Ramakrishna Nemani, and Karsten Steinhaeuser, serves as an outstanding resource for anyone interested in the opportunities and challenges for the machine learning community in analyzing these data sets to answer questions of urgent societal interest...I hope that this book will inspire more computer scientists to focus on environmental applications, and Earth scientists to seek collaborations with researchers in machine learning and data mining to advance the frontiers in Earth sciences." --Vipin Kumar, University of Minnesota Large-Scale Machine Learning in the Earth Sciences provides researchers and practitioners with a broad overview of some of the key challenges in the intersection of Earth science, computer science, statistics, and related fields. It explores a wide range of topics and provides a compilation of recent research in the application of machine learning in the field of Earth Science. Making predictions based on observational data is a theme of the book, and the book includes chapters on the use of network science to understand and discover teleconnections in extreme climate and weather events, as well as using structured estimation in high dimensions. The use of ensemble machine learning models to combine predictions of global climate models using information from spatial and temporal patterns is also explored. The second part of the book features a discussion on statistical downscaling in climate with state-of-the-art scalable machine learning, as well as an overview of methods to understand and predict the proliferation of biological species due to changes in environmental conditions. The problem of using large-scale machine learning to study the formation of tornadoes is also explored in depth. The last part of the book covers the use of deep learning algorithms to classify images that have very high resolution, as well as the unmixing of spectral signals in remote sensing images of land cover. The authors also apply long-tail distributions to geoscience resources, in the final chapter of the book.

Data Mining for Geoinformatics

Data Mining for Geoinformatics
  • Author : Guido Cervone,Jessica Lin,Nigel Waters
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-16
  • Total pages :166
  • ISBN : 9781461476696
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Summary : The rate at which geospatial data is being generated exceeds our computational capabilities to extract patterns for the understanding of a dynamically changing world. Geoinformatics and data mining focuses on the development and implementation of computational algorithms to solve these problems. This unique volume contains a collection of chapters on state-of-the-art data mining techniques applied to geoinformatic problems of high complexity and important societal value. Data Mining for Geoinformatics addresses current concerns and developments relating to spatio-temporal data mining issues in remotely-sensed data, problems in meteorological data such as tornado formation, estimation of radiation from the Fukushima nuclear power plant, simulations of traffic data using OpenStreetMap, real time traffic applications of data stream mining, visual analytics of traffic and weather data and the exploratory visualization of collective, mobile objects such as the flocking behavior of wild chickens. This book is designed for researchers and advanced-level students focused on computer science, earth science and geography as a reference or secondary text book. Practitioners working in the areas of data mining and geoscience will also find this book to be a valuable reference.

Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery for Big Data

Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery for Big Data
  • Author : Wesley W. Chu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-24
  • Total pages :311
  • ISBN : 9783642408373
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Summary : The field of data mining has made significant and far-reaching advances over the past three decades. Because of its potential power for solving complex problems, data mining has been successfully applied to diverse areas such as business, engineering, social media, and biological science. Many of these applications search for patterns in complex structural information. In biomedicine for example, modeling complex biological systems requires linking knowledge across many levels of science, from genes to disease. Further, the data characteristics of the problems have also grown from static to dynamic and spatiotemporal, complete to incomplete, and centralized to distributed, and grow in their scope and size (this is known as big data). The effective integration of big data for decision-making also requires privacy preservation. The contributions to this monograph summarize the advances of data mining in the respective fields. This volume consists of nine chapters that address subjects ranging from mining data from opinion, spatiotemporal databases, discriminative subgraph patterns, path knowledge discovery, social media, and privacy issues to the subject of computation reduction via binary matrix factorization.

Geoinformatics

Geoinformatics
  • Author : A. Krishna Sinha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-01
  • Total pages :282
  • ISBN : 9780813723976
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Summary : "The science of informatics in the broadest sense has been several thousands of years in the making. With the recent emergence of large storage devices and high-speed processing of data, it has become possible to organize vast amounts of data as digital products with ontologic tags and concepts for smart queries. Coupling this computational capability with earth science data defines the emerging field of geoinformatics. Since the science of geology was established several centuries ago, observations led to conclusions that were integrative in concept and clearly had profound implications for the birth of geology. As disciplinary information about Earth becomes more voluminous, the use of geoinformatics will lead to integrative, science-based discoveries of new knowledge about planetary systems. Twenty one research papers, co-authored by 96 researchers from both earth and computer sciences, provide the first-ever organized presentation of the science of informatics as it relates to geology. Readers will readily recognize the vast intellectual content represented by these papers as they seek to address the core research goals of geoinformatics."--Publisher's website.

Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation

Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation
  • Author : Petr Skoda,Fathalrahman Adam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780128191545
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Summary : Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation: Astrogeoinformatics bridges the gap between astronomy and geoscience in the context of applications, techniques and key principles of big data. Machine learning and parallel computing are increasingly becoming cross-disciplinary as the phenomena of Big Data is becoming common place. This book provides insight into the common workflows and data science tools used for big data in astronomy and geoscience. After establishing similarity in data gathering, pre-processing and handling, the data science aspects are illustrated in the context of both fields. Software, hardware and algorithms of big data are addressed. Finally, the book offers insight into the emerging science which combines data and expertise from both fields in studying the effect of cosmos on the earth and its inhabitants.

Data Mining with Ontologies: Implementations, Findings, and Frameworks

Data Mining with Ontologies: Implementations, Findings, and Frameworks
  • Author : Nigro, Hector Oscar,Gonzalez Cisaro, Sandra Elizabeth,Xodo, Daniel Hugo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-07-31
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9781599046204
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Summary : "Prior knowledge in data mining is helpful for selecting suitable data and mining techniques, pruning the space of hypothesis, representing the output in a comprehensible way, and improving the overall method. This book examines methodologies and research for the development of ontological foundations for data mining to enhance the ability of ontology utilization and design"--Provided by publisher.

Formal Concept Analysis

Formal Concept Analysis
  • Author : Léonard Kwuida,Baris Sertkaya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-04-07
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9783642119286
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Summary : This volume contains selected papers presented at ICFCA 2010, the 8th Int- national Conference on Formal Concept Analysis. The ICFCA conference series aims to be the prime forum for dissemination of advances in applied lattice and order theory, and in particular advances in theory and applications of Formal Concept Analysis. Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) is a ?eld of applied mathematics with its mathematical root in order theory, in particular the theory of complete lattices. Researchershadlongbeenawareofthefactthatthese?eldshavemanypotential applications.FCAemergedinthe1980sfrome?ortstorestructurelattice theory to promote better communication between lattice theorists and potential users of lattice theory. The key theme was the mathematical formalization of c- cept and conceptual hierarchy. Since then, the ?eld has developed into a growing research area in its own right with a thriving theoretical community and an - creasingnumberofapplicationsindataandknowledgeprocessingincludingdata visualization, information retrieval, machine learning, sofware engineering, data analysis, data mining in Web 2.0, analysis of social networks, concept graphs, contextual logic and description logics. ICFCA 2010 took place during March 15–18, 2010 in Agadir, Morocco. We received 37 high-quality submissions out of which 17 were chosen as regular papers in these proceedings after a competitive selection process. Less mature works that were still considered valuable for discussion at the conference were collected in the supplementary proceedings. The papers in the present volume coveradvancesinvariousaspectsofFCArangingfromitstheoreticalfoundations to its applications in numerous other ?elds. In addition to the regular papers, thisvolumealsocontainsfourkeynotepapersarisingfromtheseveninvitedtalks given at the conference. We are also delighted to include a reprint of Bernhard Ganter’sseminalpaper on hiswell-knownalgorithmfor enumerating closedsets.

Mobility, Data Mining and Privacy

Mobility, Data Mining and Privacy
  • Author : Fosca Giannotti,Dino Pedreschi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-01-12
  • Total pages :410
  • ISBN : 3540751777
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Summary : Mobile communications and ubiquitous computing generate large volumes of data. Mining this data can produce useful knowledge, yet individual privacy is at risk. This book investigates the various scientific and technological issues of mobility data, open problems, and roadmap. The editors manage a research project called GeoPKDD, Geographic Privacy-Aware Knowledge Discovery and Delivery, and this book relates their findings in 13 chapters covering all related subjects.

Spatial Data Mining

Spatial Data Mining
  • Author : Deren Li,Shuliang Wang,Deyi Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-23
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9783662485385
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Summary : · This book is an updated version of a well-received book previously published in Chinese by Science Press of China (the first edition in 2006 and the second in 2013). It offers a systematic and practical overview of spatial data mining, which combines computer science and geo-spatial information science, allowing each field to profit from the knowledge and techniques of the other. To address the spatiotemporal specialties of spatial data, the authors introduce the key concepts and algorithms of the data field, cloud model, mining view, and Deren Li methods. The data field method captures the interactions between spatial objects by diffusing the data contribution from a universe of samples to a universe of population, thereby bridging the gap between the data model and the recognition model. The cloud model is a qualitative method that utilizes quantitative numerical characters to bridge the gap between pure data and linguistic concepts. The mining view method discriminates the different requirements by using scale, hierarchy, and granularity in order to uncover the anisotropy of spatial data mining. The Deren Li method performs data preprocessing to prepare it for further knowledge discovery by selecting a weight for iteration in order to clean the observed spatial data as much as possible. In addition to the essential algorithms and techniques, the book provides application examples of spatial data mining in geographic information science and remote sensing. The practical projects include spatiotemporal video data mining for protecting public security, serial image mining on nighttime lights for assessing the severity of the Syrian Crisis, and the applications in the government project ‘the Belt and Road Initiatives’.

Geoscience Data and Collections

Geoscience Data and Collections
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Earth Resources,Committee on the Preservation of Geoscience Data and Collections
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-09-23
  • Total pages :124
  • ISBN : 0309169666
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Summary : Geoscience data and collections (such as, rock and sediment cores, geophysical data, engineering records, and fossils) are necessary for industries to discover and develop domestic natural resources to fulfill the nation’s energy and mineral requirements and to improve the prediction of immediate and long term hazards, such as land slides, volcanic eruptions and global climate change. While the nation has assembled a wealth of geoscience data and collections, their utility remains incompletely tapped. Many could act as invaluable resources in the future but immediate action is needed if they are to remain available. Housing of and access to geoscience data and collections have become critical issues for industry, federal and state agencies, museums, and universities. Many resources are in imminent danger of being lost through mismanagement, neglect, or disposal. A striking 46 percent of the state geological surveys polled by the committee reported that there is no space available or they have refused to accept new material. In order to address these challenges, Geoscience Data and Collections offers a comprehensive strategy for managing geoscience data and collections in the United States.

Interactive Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining in Biomedical Informatics

Interactive Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining in Biomedical Informatics
  • Author : Andreas Holzinger,Igor Jurisica
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-17
  • Total pages :357
  • ISBN : 9783662439685
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Summary : One of the grand challenges in our digital world are the large, complex and often weakly structured data sets, and massive amounts of unstructured information. This “big data” challenge is most evident in biomedical informatics: the trend towards precision medicine has resulted in an explosion in the amount of generated biomedical data sets. Despite the fact that human experts are very good at pattern recognition in dimensions of = 3; most of the data is high-dimensional, which makes manual analysis often impossible and neither the medical doctor nor the biomedical researcher can memorize all these facts. A synergistic combination of methodologies and approaches of two fields offer ideal conditions towards unraveling these problems: Human–Computer Interaction (HCI) and Knowledge Discovery/Data Mining (KDD), with the goal of supporting human capabilities with machine learning./ppThis state-of-the-art survey is an output of the HCI-KDD expert network and features 19 carefully selected and reviewed papers related to seven hot and promising research areas: Area 1: Data Integration, Data Pre-processing and Data Mapping; Area 2: Data Mining Algorithms; Area 3: Graph-based Data Mining; Area 4: Entropy-Based Data Mining; Area 5: Topological Data Mining; Area 6 Data Visualization and Area 7: Privacy, Data Protection, Safety and Security.

Data Mining Applications for Empowering Knowledge Societies

Data Mining Applications for Empowering Knowledge Societies
  • Author : Hakikur Rahman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : UOM:39015079281062
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Summary : "This book presents an overview on the main issues of data mining, including its classification, regression, clustering, and ethical issues"--Provided by publisher.

The Top Ten Algorithms in Data Mining

The Top Ten Algorithms in Data Mining
  • Author : Xindong Wu,Vipin Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-09
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 142008965X
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Summary : Identifying some of the most influential algorithms that are widely used in the data mining community, The Top Ten Algorithms in Data Mining provides a description of each algorithm, discusses its impact, and reviews current and future research. Thoroughly evaluated by independent reviewers, each chapter focuses on a particular algorithm and is written by either the original authors of the algorithm or world-class researchers who have extensively studied the respective algorithm. The book concentrates on the following important algorithms: C4.5, k-Means, SVM, Apriori, EM, PageRank, AdaBoost, kNN, Naive Bayes, and CART. Examples illustrate how each algorithm works and highlight its overall performance in a real-world application. The text covers key topics—including classification, clustering, statistical learning, association analysis, and link mining—in data mining research and development as well as in data mining, machine learning, and artificial intelligence courses. By naming the leading algorithms in this field, this book encourages the use of data mining techniques in a broader realm of real-world applications. It should inspire more data mining researchers to further explore the impact and novel research issues of these algorithms.

Machine Learning and Data Mining Approaches to Climate Science

Machine Learning and Data Mining Approaches to Climate Science
  • Author : Valliappa Lakshmanan,Eric Gilleland,Amy McGovern,Martin Tingley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-30
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 9783319172200
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Summary : This book presents innovative work in Climate Informatics, a new field that reflects the application of data mining methods to climate science, and shows where this new and fast growing field is headed. Given its interdisciplinary nature, Climate Informatics offers insights, tools and methods that are increasingly needed in order to understand the climate system, an aspect which in turn has become crucial because of the threat of climate change. There has been a veritable explosion in the amount of data produced by satellites, environmental sensors and climate models that monitor, measure and forecast the earth system. In order to meaningfully pursue knowledge discovery on the basis of such voluminous and diverse datasets, it is necessary to apply machine learning methods, and Climate Informatics lies at the intersection of machine learning and climate science. This book grew out of the fourth workshop on Climate Informatics held in Boulder, Colorado in Sep. 2014.

Cartography and Geographic Information Science

Cartography and Geographic Information Science
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105115019882
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Summary :

The Future of Scientific Knowledge Discovery in Open Networked Environments

The Future of Scientific Knowledge Discovery in Open Networked Environments
  • Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Research Data and Information
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-13
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9780309267953
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Summary : Digital technologies and networks are now part of everyday work in the sciences, and have enhanced access to and use of scientific data, information, and literature significantly. They offer the promise of accelerating the discovery and communication of knowledge, both within the scientific community and in the broader society, as scientific data and information are made openly available online. The focus of this project was on computer-mediated or computational scientific knowledge discovery, taken broadly as any research processes enabled by digital computing technologies. Such technologies may include data mining, information retrieval and extraction, artificial intelligence, distributed grid computing, and others. These technological capabilities support computer-mediated knowledge discovery, which some believe is a new paradigm in the conduct of research. The emphasis was primarily on digitally networked data, rather than on the scientific, technical, and medical literature. The meeting also focused mostly on the advantages of knowledge discovery in open networked environments, although some of the disadvantages were raised as well. The workshop brought together a set of stakeholders in this area for intensive and structured discussions. The purpose was not to make a final declaration about the directions that should be taken, but to further the examination of trends in computational knowledge discovery in the open networked environments, based on the following questions and tasks: 1. Opportunities and Benefits: What are the opportunities over the next 5 to 10 years associated with the use of computer-mediated scientific knowledge discovery across disciplines in the open online environment? What are the potential benefits to science and society of such techniques? 2. Techniques and Methods for Development and Study of Computer-mediated Scientific Knowledge Discovery: What are the techniques and methods used in government, academia, and industry to study and understand these processes, the validity and reliability of their results, and their impact inside and outside science? 3. Barriers: What are the major scientific, technological, institutional, sociological, and policy barriers to computer-mediated scientific knowledge discovery in the open online environment within the scientific community? What needs to be known and studied about each of these barriers to help achieve the opportunities for interdisciplinary science and complex problem solving? 4. Range of Options: Based on the results obtained in response to items 1-3, define a range of options that can be used by the sponsors of the project, as well as other similar organizations, to obtain and promote a better understanding of the computer-mediated scientific knowledge discovery processes and mechanisms for openly available data and information online across the scientific domains. The objective of defining these options is to improve the activities of the sponsors (and other similar organizations) and the activities of researchers that they fund externally in this emerging research area. The Future of Scientific Knowledge Discovery in Open Networked Environments: Summary of a Workshop summarizes the responses to these questions and tasks at hand.