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Decision Making in Medicine

Decision Making in Medicine
  • Author : Stuart B. Mushlin,Harry Lemoine Greene
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :726
  • ISBN : 9780323041072
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Summary : DECISION MAKING IN MEDICINE offers an algorithmic approach to the diagnosis and treatment of common disorders and diseases. by providing nearly 250 clinical decision making algorithms, this practical reference helps you arrive at the proper diagnosis and also leads you to the appropriate therapy or course of action. Brief text appears on the page facing each algorithm to provide additional explanations or details about key decision points on the algorithm. Topics are organized by sign, symptom, problem, or laboratory abnormality. the consistent format and decision tree approach of DECISION MAK

How Doctors Think

How Doctors Think
  • Author : Jerome Groopman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-03-12
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 0547348630
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Summary : On average, a physician will interrupt a patient describing her symptoms within eighteen seconds. In that short time, many doctors decide on the likely diagnosis and best treatment. Often, decisions made this way are correct, but at crucial moments they can also be wrong—with catastrophic consequences. In this myth-shattering book, Jerome Groopman pinpoints the forces and thought processes behind the decisions doctors make. Groopman explores why doctors err and shows when and how they can—with our help—avoid snap judgments, embrace uncertainty, communicate effectively, and deploy other skills that can profoundly impact our health. This book is the first to describe in detail the warning signs of erroneous medical thinking and reveal how new technologies may actually hinder accurate diagnoses. How Doctors Think offers direct, intelligent questions patients can ask their doctors to help them get back on track. Groopman draws on a wealth of research, extensive interviews with some of the country’s best doctors, and his own experiences as a doctor and as a patient. He has learned many of the lessons in this book the hard way, from his own mistakes and from errors his doctors made in treating his own debilitating medical problems. How Doctors Think reveals a profound new view of twenty-first-century medical practice, giving doctors and patients the vital information they need to make better judgments together.

Decision Making in Health and Medicine

Decision Making in Health and Medicine
  • Author : M. G. Myriam Hunink,Milton C. Weinstein,Eve Wittenberg,Joseph S. Pliskin,Michael F. Drummond,Paul P. Glasziou,John B. Wong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-16
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9781107690479
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Summary : A guide for everyone involved in medical decision making to plot a clear course through complex and conflicting benefits and risks.

Medical Decision Making

Medical Decision Making
  • Author : Alan Schwartz,George Bergus
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-05-29
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1107320062
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Summary : Decision making is a key activity, perhaps the most important activity, in the practice of healthcare. Although physicians acquire a great deal of knowledge and specialised skills during their training and through their practice, it is in the exercise of clinical judgement and its application to individual patients that the outstanding physician is distinguished. This has become even more relevant as patients become increasingly welcomed as partners in a shared decision making process. This book translates the research and theory from the science of decision making into clinically useful tools and principles that can be applied by clinicians in the field. It considers issues of patient goals, uncertainty, judgement, choice, development of new information, and family and social concerns in healthcare. It helps to demystify decision theory by emphasizing concepts and clinical cases over mathematics and computation.

Encyclopedia of Medical Decision Making

Encyclopedia of Medical Decision Making
  • Author : Michael W. Kattan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-15
  • Total pages :1229
  • ISBN : 9781412953726
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Summary : The Encyclopedia of Medical Decision Making presents state-of-the-art research and ready-to-use facts sorting out findings on medical decision making and their applications.

An Introduction to Medical Decision-Making

An Introduction to Medical Decision-Making
  • Author : Jonathan S. Vordermark II
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-16
  • Total pages :199
  • ISBN : 9783030231477
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Summary : This volume presents novel concepts to help physicians and health care providers better understand the thought processes and approaches used in clinical decision-making and how we develop those skills as we transition from being a medical student to post-graduate trainee to independent practitioner. Approaches presented range from simple rules of thumb, pattern recognition, and heuristics, to more formulaic methods such as standard operating procedures, checklists, evidence-based medicine, mathematical modeling, and statistics. Ways to recognize and manage errors and how our decision-making can be improved, are also discussed. An Introduction to Medical Decision-Making presents several innovative techniques to allow the reader to use the principles presented and integrate the ethical, humanistic and social aspects of decision-making with the pragmatic and knowledge-based aspects of clinical medicine. It also highlights how our thinking processes, emotions, and biases affect decision-making. This invaluable resource will allow students and physicians to evaluate and critically discuss their decisions objectively to become more efficient and effective, and maximize the quality of care they provide.

Clinical Decision Making in Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Clinical Decision Making in Complementary and Alternative Medicine
  • Author : Matthew Leach
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :299
  • ISBN : 9780729539333
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Summary : Clinical Decision Making in Complementary and amp; Alternative Medicine differs from other medical texts by introducing a systematic clinical framework for the practice of complementary and alternative medicine. While comparable titles may explore the use or efficacy of specific complementary and alternative medicine interventions, this indispensible textbook highlights evidence-based interventions, while helping practitioners apply them within a clinical decision making framework. Clinical Decision Making in Complementary and amp; Alternative Medicine is a one-of-a-kind health reference for clinicians, stu

Medical Decision Making

Medical Decision Making
  • Author : Stefan Felder,Thomas Mayrhofer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-22
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 3642183301
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Summary : This textbook offers a comprehensive theory of medical decision making under uncertainty, combining informative test theory with the expected utility hypothesis. The book shows how the parameters of Bayes’ theorem can be combined with a value function of health states to arrive at informed test and treatment decisions. The authors distinguish between risk neutral, risk averse and prudent decision makers and demonstrate the effects of risk preferences on physicians’ decisions. They analyze individual tests, multiple tests and endogenous tests where the test result is determined by the decision maker. Finally, the topic is examined in the context of health economics by introducing a trade-off between enjoying health and consuming other goods, so that the extent of treatment and thus the potential improvement in the patient’s health become endogenous.

Evidence Synthesis for Decision Making in Healthcare

Evidence Synthesis for Decision Making in Healthcare
  • Author : Nicky J. Welton,Alexander J. Sutton,Nicola Cooper,Keith R. Abrams,A. E. Ades
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-12
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781118305409
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Summary : In the evaluation of healthcare, rigorous methods of quantitative assessment are necessary to establish interventions that are both effective and cost-effective. Usually a single study will not fully address these issues and it is desirable to synthesize evidence from multiple sources. This book aims to provide a practical guide to evidence synthesis for the purpose of decision making, starting with a simple single parameter model, where all studies estimate the same quantity (pairwise meta-analysis) and progressing to more complex multi-parameter structures (including meta-regression, mixed treatment comparisons, Markov models of disease progression, and epidemiology models). A comprehensive, coherent framework is adopted and estimated using Bayesian methods. Key features: A coherent approach to evidence synthesis from multiple sources. Focus is given to Bayesian methods for evidence synthesis that can be integrated within cost-effectiveness analyses in a probabilistic framework using Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation. Provides methods to statistically combine evidence from a range of evidence structures. Emphasizes the importance of model critique and checking for evidence consistency. Presents numerous worked examples, exercises and solutions drawn from a variety of medical disciplines throughout the book. WinBUGS code is provided for all examples. Evidence Synthesis for Decision Making in Healthcare is intended for health economists, decision modelers, statisticians and others involved in evidence synthesis, health technology assessment, and economic evaluation of health technologies.

How to Think in Medicine

How to Think in Medicine
  • Author : Milos Jenicek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-06
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : 9781351684026
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Summary : Mastery of quality health care and patient safety begins as soon as we open the hospital doors for the first time and start acquiring practical experience. The acquisition of such experience includes much more than the development of sensorimotor skills and basic knowledge of sciences. It relies on effective reason, decision making, and communication shared by all health professionals, including physicians, nurses, dentists, pharmacists, and administrators. How to Think in Medicine, Reasoning, Decision Making, and Communications in Health Sciences is about these essential skills. It describes how physicians and health professionals reason, make decision, and practice medicine. Covering the basic considerations related to clinical and caregiver reasoning, it lays out a roadmap to help those new to health care as well as seasoned veterans overcome the complexities of working for the well-being of those who trust us with their physical and mental health. This book provides a step-by-step breakdown of the reasoning process for clinical work and clinical care. It examines both the general and medical ways of thinking, reasoning, argumentation, fact finding, and using evidence. It explores the principles of formal logic as applied to clinical problems and the use of evidence in logical reasoning. In addition to outline the fundamentals of decision making, it integrates coverage of clinical reasoning risk assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis in evidence-based medicine. Presented in four sections, this book discusses the history and position of the problem and the challenge of medical thinking; provides the philosophy interfacing topics of interest for health sciences professionals including the probabilities, uncertainties, risks, and other quantifications in health by steps of clinical work; decision making in clinical and community health care, research, and practice; Communication in clinical and community care including how to write medical articles, clinical case studies and case reporting, and oral and written communication in clinical and community practice and care.

Decision Making in Medicine

Decision Making in Medicine
  • Author : Harry Lemoine Greene,William P. Johnson,Dawn P. Lemcke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :614
  • ISBN : UOM:39015047137933
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Summary : DECISION MAKING IN MEDICINE offers an algorithmic approach to the diagnosis and treatment of common disorders and diseases. By providing nearly 250 clinical decision making algorithms, this practical reference helps you arrive at the proper diagnosis and also leads you to the appropriate therapy or course of action. Brief text appears on the page facing each algorithm to provide additional explanations or details about key decision points on the algorithm. Topics are organized by sign, symptom, problem, or laboratory abnormality. The consistent format and decision tree approach of DECISION MAKING IN MEDICINE is certain to enhance your clinical efficiency. Algorithmic format promotes systematic thinking and logical clinical decision making Comprehensive coverage includes general medicine, internal medicine, women's health, emergency medicine, urology, behavioral medicine and pharmacology Brief text accompanies each algorithm to explain and highlight key steps of the decision making process New section on Women's Health presents conditions that affect women NEW TO THIS EDITION Gives greater emphasis to conditions unique to women in a new section on women's health Spanish version of 1st edition also available, ISBN: 84-8174-103-5

Medical Thinking

Medical Thinking
  • Author : Steven Schwartz,Timothy Griffin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :277
  • ISBN : 9781461249542
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Summary : Decision making is the physician's major activity. Every day, in doctors' offices throughout the world, patients describe their symptoms and com plaints while doctors perform examinations, order tests, and, on the basis of these data, decide what is wrong and what should be done. Although the process may appear routine-even to the physicians in volved-each step in the sequence requires skilled clinical judgment. Physicians must decide: which symptoms are important, whether any laboratory tests should be done, how the various items of clinical data should be combined, and, finally, which of several treatments (including doing nothing) is indicated. Although much of the information used in clinical decision making is objective, the physician's values (a belief that pain relief is more important than potential addiction to pain-killing drugs, for example) and subjectivity are as much a part of the clinical process as the objective findings of laboratory tests. In recent years, both physicians and psychologists have come to realize that patient management decisions are not only subjective but also prob abilistic (although this is not always acknowledged overtly). When doc tors argue that an operation is fairly safe because it has a mortality rate of only 1 %, they are at least implicitly admitting that the outcome of their decision is based on probability.

Healthcare Decision-Making and the Law

Healthcare Decision-Making and the Law
  • Author : Mary Donnelly
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-18
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139491846
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Summary : This analysis of the law's approach to healthcare decision-making critiques its liberal foundations in respect of three categories of people: adults with capacity, adults without capacity and adults who are subject to mental health legislation. Focusing primarily on the law in England and Wales, the analysis also draws on the law in the United States, legal positions in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand and Scotland and on the human rights protections provided by the ECHR and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Having identified the limitations of a legal view of autonomy as primarily a principle of non-interference, Mary Donnelly questions the effectiveness of capacity as a gatekeeper for the right of autonomy and advocates both an increased role for human rights in developing the conceptual basis for the law and the grounding of future legal developments in a close empirical interrogation of the law in practice.

Making Medical Decisions

Making Medical Decisions
  • Author : Richard Gross
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-01
  • Total pages :119
  • ISBN : 9780943126753
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Summary : This work translates the major principles of medical decision making into clinically revelant and easy to understand terms. It aims to help the reader feel confident about giving the best advice in the face of inherent uncertainties of real-world medicine.

Computer-Assisted Medical Decision Making

Computer-Assisted Medical Decision Making
  • Author : J.A. Reggia,S. Tuhrim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9781461251088
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Summary : Computer technology has impacted the practice of medicine in dramatic ways. Imaging techniques provide noninvasive tools which alter the diag nostic process. Sophisticated monitoring equipment presents new levels of detail for both patient management and research. In most of these high technology applications, the computer is embedded in the device; its presence is transparent to the user. There is also a growing number of applications in which the health care provider directly interacts with a computer. In many cases, these appli cations are limited to administrative functions, e.g., office practice man agement, location of hospital patients, appointments, and scheduling. Nevertheless, there also are instances of patient care functions such as results reporting, decision support, surveillance, and reminders. This series, Computers and Medicine, will focus upon the direct use of information systems as it relates to the medical community. After twenty-five years of experimentation and experience, there are many tested applications which can be implemented economically using the current generation of computers. Moreover, the falling cost of computers suggests that there will be even more extensive use in the near future. Yet there is a gap between current practice and the state-of-the-art.

Decision Making in Health Care

Decision Making in Health Care
  • Author : Gretchen B. Chapman,Frank A. Sonnenberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-09
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 0521541247
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Summary : Decision making is a crucial element in the field of medicine. Decisions made by physicians, patients, health policy makers and health insurers determine the quality of health care that is needed and provided for. Decision Making in Health Care is an up-to-date, comprehensive overview of the field of medical decision making- -a rapidly expanding field that includes quantitative theoretical tools for modeling decisions, psychological research on how decisions are actually made, and applied research on how physician and patient decision making can be improved.

Decision Making in Health and Medicine with CD-ROM

Decision Making in Health and Medicine with CD-ROM
  • Author : Myriam Hunink,M. G. Myriam Hunink,Paul P. Glasziou,Joanna E. Siegel,Jane C. Weeks,Joseph S. Pliskin,Arthur S. Elstein,Milton C. Weinstein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-11
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 0521770297
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Summary : Tells doctors and students how to evaluate complex clinical information to improve health care.

Emergency Medicine Decision Making: Critical Issues in Chaotic Environments

Emergency Medicine Decision Making: Critical Issues in Chaotic Environments
  • Author : Scott Weingart,Peter Wyer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :371
  • ISBN : 007144212X
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Summary : Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. Evidence-Based Emergency Medicine, a highly readable primer, will be the first book to teach EBM principles and their clinical application with the unique mindset and needs of the Emergency Medicine physician in mind This one-of-a-kind guide discusses the search, evaluation, and proper use of the literature of emergency medicine, from textbooks to trials and qualitative studies to systematic reviews. It reveals how and where to find the quality information needed when seconds count. Fully exploring medical decision making using cognitive psychology, Bayesian analysis and more, it shows how to apply the knowledge they provide to achieve superior diagnosis and management of ED patients. The avoidance of medical errors is emphasized through the precepts of critical thinking and heuristics.

Changing Values in Medical and Healthcare Decision-Making

Changing Values in Medical and Healthcare Decision-Making
  • Author : Uffe Juul Jensen,Gavin Mooney
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-01-08
  • Total pages :206
  • ISBN : 0471926345
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Summary : This work charts the progress of changing values in medical and healthcare decision-making, particularly as a result of economic pressures, and the role of clinical ethics in determining what courses of action and treatment medical and healthcare professionals should pursue. It evaluates the concepts involved in ethical decision-making, such as risk and need, and whose values are relevant to which decisions and looks at the changing emphasis of medicine and the relevance of value judgments in clinical decisions. This stimulating work incorporates a number of different perspectives, disciplines, cultures and nationalities to provide a multi-disciplinary, international approach. In addition to medical and economic issues, the book also discusses philosophical and legal aspects.

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine
  • Author : Marc D. Gellman,J. Rick Turner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1461464390
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Summary :

Medical Decision Making

Medical Decision Making
  • Author : Harold C. Sox,Michael C. Higgins,Douglas K. Owens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-08
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781118341568
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Summary : This book clearly demonstrates how to best make medicaldecisions while incorporating clinical practice guidelines anddecision support systems for electronic medical record systems. New to this edition is how medical decision making ideas arebeing incorporated into clinical decision support systems inelectronic medical records and also how they are being used toshape practice guidelines and policies.