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Deep-sea Sediments

Deep-sea Sediments
  • Author : Heiko Hüneke,Thierry Mulder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :849
  • ISBN : 9780444530004
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Summary : 'Deep-Sea Sediments' focuses on the sedimentary processes operating within the various modern and ancient deep-sea environments. The chapters track the way of sedimentary particles from continental erosion or production in the marine realm, to transport into the deep sea, to final deposition on the sea floor.

Deep-Sea Sediments

Deep-Sea Sediments
  • Author : Anton Inderbitzen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-08
  • Total pages :498
  • ISBN : 9781468427547
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Summary : As part of its continuing program to stimulate superior basic research in the marine environment, the Office of Naval Research, Ocean Science and Technology Division, sponsored a series of closed seminar-workshops in 1972-1973. Each seminar focused upon one re search area of marine geology which is relatively new and in need of a critical evaluation and accelerated support. The subjects areas chosen for the seminars were: 1. natural gases in marine sediments and their mode of distribution, 2. nephelometry and the optical properties of ocean waters, 3. physical and engineering properties of deep-sea sediments, and 4. physics of sound in marine sediments. The objectives of each seminar-workshop were to bring into sharper focus the state-of-the-science within each subject area, to effect some degree of coordination among the investigators working within each of these areas and to provide the Ocean Science and Technology Division guidance for national program support. This volume.contains most of the papers presented at the semi nar on the physical and engineering properties of deep-sea sediments. The seminar was held at Airlie House, Airlie, Virginia on April 24- 27, 1973 and was organized and chaired by A. Inderbitzen. The at tendees were invited from among the leading investigators in this field from both the engineering and scientific disciplines. Each attendee was requested to prepare a paper within his area of spe ciality.

Methods for the Study of Deep-Sea Sediments, Their Functioning and Biodiversity

Methods for the Study of Deep-Sea Sediments, Their Functioning and Biodiversity
  • Author : Roberto Danovaro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-21
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9781439811382
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Summary : For years scientists viewed the deep sea as calm, quiet, and undisturbed, with marine species existing in an ecologically stable and uniform environment. Recent discoveries have completely transformed that understanding and the deep sea is recognized as a complicated and dynamic environment with a rich diversity of marine species. Carefully designed to provide practical information in an easily accessible format, Methods for the Study of Deep-Sea Sediments, Their Functioning, and Biodiversity covers how to investigate the biological components through analysis of their biodiversity. It also provides the protocols and methodological details needed to investigate some aspects of the functional biodiversity of variables commonly utilized to describe and understand the drivers of deep-sea ecosystem functioning. This volume contains detailed protocols for analyzing all benthic components from benthic viruses, prokaryotes, protozoa, foraminifera, to meio-, macro-, and megafauna. It includes step-by-step procedures, with additional notes on the crucial steps or possible difficulties arising from the analysis. Each chapter provides a brief introduction, a description of the sampling procedures and/or the sample treatment, and then the laboratory protocols, providing information on instrument setting and/or the solutions utilized. Each chapter also contains a visual scheme of the protocol for use during laboratory activities and for tracking each laboratory step. Linking information on biodiversity with the functioning of the marine ecosystems, the book covers all living components of the benthos. It provides practical information for anyone studying deep-sea habitats, their characteristics, functioning, and biodiversity.

Diagenesis in Deep Sea Sediments with Special Reference to Iodine

Diagenesis in Deep Sea Sediments with Special Reference to Iodine
  • Author : Hilary A. Kennedy,University of Leeds
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : OCLC:257145584
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Summary :

Recent Marine Sediments

Recent Marine Sediments
  • Author : Parker Davies Trask
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1955
  • Total pages :736
  • ISBN : UOM:39015020672450
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Summary :

Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Pacific Manganese Nodule Province

Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Pacific Manganese Nodule Province
  • Author : James L. Bischoff,David Z. Piper
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-08
  • Total pages :855
  • ISBN : 9781468435184
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Summary : Deep-sea manganese nodules, once an obscure scientific curios ity, have, in the brief span of two decades, become a potential mineral resource of major importance. Nodules that cover the sea floor of the tropical North Pacific may represent a vast ore de posit of manganese, nickel, cobalt, and copper. Modern technology has apparently surmounted the incredible problem of recovering nodules in water depths of 5000 meters and the extraction of metals from the complex chemical nodule matrix is a reality. Both the recovery and the extraction appear to be economically feasible. Exploitation of this resource is, however, hindered more by the lack of an international legal structure allowing for recognition of mining sites and exploitation rights, than by any other factor. Often, when a mineral deposit becomes identified as an ex ploitable resource, scientific study burgeons. Interest in the nature and genesis of the deposit increases and much is learned from large scale exploration. The case is self evident for petrol eum and ore deposits on land. The study of manganese nodules is just now entering this phase. What was the esoteric field of a few scientists has become the subject of active exploration and research by most of the industrialized nations. Unfortunately for our general understanding of manganese nodules, exploration results remain largely proprietary. However, scientific study has greatly increased and the results are becoming widely available.

Geochemistry of Marine Sediments

Geochemistry of Marine Sediments
  • Author : David J. Burdige
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-04
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9780691216096
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Summary : The processes occurring in surface marine sediments have a profound effect on the local and global cycling of many elements. This graduate text presents the fundamentals of marine sediment geochemistry by examining the complex chemical, biological, and physical processes that contribute to the conversion of these sediments to rock, a process known as early diagenesis. Research over the past three decades has uncovered the fact that the oxidation of organic matter deposited in sediment acts as a causative agent for many early diagenetic changes. Summarizing and discussing these findings and providing a much-needed update to Robert Berner's Early Diagenesis: A Theoretical Approach, David J. Burdige describes the ways to quantify geochemical processes in marine sediment. By doing so, he offers a deeper understanding of the cycling of elements such as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, along with important metals such as iron and manganese. No other book presents such an in-depth look at marine sediment geochemistry. Including the most up-to-date research, a complete survey of the subject, explanatory text, and the most recent mathematical formulations that have contributed to our greater understanding of early diagenesis, Geochemistry of Marine Sediments will interest graduate students of geology, geochemistry, and oceanography, as well as the broader community of earth scientists. It is poised to become the standard text on the subject for years to come.

Deep-Sea Food Chains and the Global Carbon Cycle

Deep-Sea Food Chains and the Global Carbon Cycle
  • Author : G.T. Rowe,Vita Pariente
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9789401124522
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Summary : Carbon dioxide and other `greenhouse' gases are increasing in the atmosphere due to the burning of fossil fuels, the destruction of rain forests, etc., leading to predictions of a gradual global warming which will perturb the global biosphere. An important process which counters this trend toward potential climate change is the removal of carbon dioxide from the surface ocean by photosynthesis. This process packages carbon in phytoplankton which enter the food chain or sink into the deep sea. Their ultimate fate is a `rain' of organic debris out of the surface-mixed layer of the ocean. On a global scale, the mechanisms and overall rate of this process are poorly known. The authors of the 25 papers in this volume present their state-of-the-art approaches to quantifying the mechanisms by which the `rain' of biogenic debris nourishes deep ocean life. Prominent deep sea ecologists, geochemists and modelers address relationships between data and models of carbon fluxes and food chains in the deep ocean. An attempt is made to estimate the fate of carbon in the deep sea on a global scale by summing up the utilization of organic matter among all the populations of the abyssal biosphere. Comparisons are made between these ecological approaches and estimates of geochemical fluxes based on sediment trapping, one-dimensional geochemical models and horizontal (physical) input from continental margins. Planning interdisciplinary enterprises between geochemists and ecologists, including new field programs, are summarized in the final chapter. The summary includes a list of the important gaps in understanding which must be addressed before the role of the deep-sea biota in global-scale processes can be put in perspective.

Deep-sea Sediments

Deep-sea Sediments
  • Author : Heiko Hüneke,Thierry Mulder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :849
  • ISBN : 9780444530004
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Summary : 'Deep-Sea Sediments' focuses on the sedimentary processes operating within the various modern and ancient deep-sea environments. The chapters track the way of sedimentary particles from continental erosion or production in the marine realm, to transport into the deep sea, to final deposition on the sea floor.

Deep-Sea Sediments

Deep-Sea Sediments
  • Author : Anton Inderbitzen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-08
  • Total pages :498
  • ISBN : 9781468427547
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : As part of its continuing program to stimulate superior basic research in the marine environment, the Office of Naval Research, Ocean Science and Technology Division, sponsored a series of closed seminar-workshops in 1972-1973. Each seminar focused upon one re search area of marine geology which is relatively new and in need of a critical evaluation and accelerated support. The subjects areas chosen for the seminars were: 1. natural gases in marine sediments and their mode of distribution, 2. nephelometry and the optical properties of ocean waters, 3. physical and engineering properties of deep-sea sediments, and 4. physics of sound in marine sediments. The objectives of each seminar-workshop were to bring into sharper focus the state-of-the-science within each subject area, to effect some degree of coordination among the investigators working within each of these areas and to provide the Ocean Science and Technology Division guidance for national program support. This volume.contains most of the papers presented at the semi nar on the physical and engineering properties of deep-sea sediments. The seminar was held at Airlie House, Airlie, Virginia on April 24- 27, 1973 and was organized and chaired by A. Inderbitzen. The at tendees were invited from among the leading investigators in this field from both the engineering and scientific disciplines. Each attendee was requested to prepare a paper within his area of spe ciality.

Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences

Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences
  • Author : Jan Harff,Martin Meschede,Sven Petersen,Jörn Thiede
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-14
  • Total pages :1000
  • ISBN : 9400766440
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Summary : Globally growing demand of energy and mineral resources, reliable future projection of climate processes and the protection of coasts to mitigate the threats of disasters and hazards require a comprehensive understanding of the structure, ongoing processes and genesis of the marine geosphere. Beyond the “classical” research fields in marine geology in current time more general concepts have been evolved integrating marine geophysics, hydrography, marine biology, climatology and ecology. As an umbrella the term “marine geosciences” has been broadly accepted for this new complex field of research and the solutions of practical tasks in the marine realm. The “Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences” comprises the current knowledge in marine geosciences whereby not only basic but also applied and technical sciences are covered. Through this concept a broad scale of users in the field of marine sciences and techniques is addressed from students and scholars in academia to engineers and decision makers in industry and politics.

Tables for Determining Unit Weight of Deep-sea Sediments from Water Content and Average Grain Density Measurements

Tables for Determining Unit Weight of Deep-sea Sediments from Water Content and Average Grain Density Measurements
  • Author : Richard Harold Bennett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1971
  • Total pages :56
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822033845355
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Summary :

Deep-water Contourite Systems

Deep-water Contourite Systems
  • Author : Dorrik A. V. Stow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 1862390924
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Summary :

The Sea Floor

The Sea Floor
  • Author : Eugen Seibold,Wolfgang H. Berger,Wolfgang H.. Berger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-02-06
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 3540601910
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Summary : Presents the most important results in marine geology research in the last 3 decades, in such areas as plate tectonics, marine sedimentation, climatalogical aspects, and palaeoceanology, and describes relevant geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological and palaeontological methods

The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction

The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Jamie Woodward
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-30
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780191664649
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Summary : The study of the Quaternary ice age has revolutionized ideas about Earth system change and the pace of landscape and ecosystem dynamics. The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction looks at evidence from the continents, the oceans, and the ice core records, and the human stories behind it all. Jamie Woodward examines the remarkable environmental shifts that took place during the Great Ice Age of the Quaternary Period. He explores the evolution of ideas, evaluates the contributions of the leading players in the great debates, and presents some of the ingenious methods that have been used to retrieve information about the recent geological past. In an era of warming climate, the study of the ice age past is now more important than ever. This book examines the wonders of the Quaternary ice age - to show how ice age landscapes and ecosystems were repeatedly and rapidly transformed as plants, animals, and humans reorganized their worlds. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Dinoflagellate Contributions to the Deep Sea

Dinoflagellate Contributions to the Deep Sea
  • Author : Barrie Dale,Amy L. Dale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :76
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822033390857
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Summary :

Accumulation of Organic Carbon in Marine Sediments

Accumulation of Organic Carbon in Marine Sediments
  • Author : Ruediger Stein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :217
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822005679337
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Summary :

Deep Marine Systems

Deep Marine Systems
  • Author : Kevin Pickering,Richard Hiscott
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-23
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9781405125789
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Summary :

Sedimentary Basins

Sedimentary Basins
  • Author : Gerhard Einsele
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-07-27
  • Total pages :792
  • ISBN : 354066193X
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Summary : This revised and enlarged edition provides an up to date overview of all major topics in sedimentary geology; unique in its quantitative approach to denudation-accumulation systems and basin fillings, including dynamic aspects. Provides coverage of the development of sedimentary basins and the rapid progress made in the field over the past decade.

Physics of Sound in Marine Sediments

Physics of Sound in Marine Sediments
  • Author : Lloyd Hampton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-25
  • Total pages :569
  • ISBN : 1468408402
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Summary : The phenomenon of sound transmissions through marine sediments is of extreme interest to both the United States civilian and Navy research communities. Both communities have conducted research within the field of this phenomenon approaching it from different perspectives. The academic research community has approached it as a technique for studying sedimentary and crustal structures of the ocean basins. The Navy research community has approached it as an additional variable in the predictability of sound trans mission through oceanic waters. In order to join these diverse talents, with the principal aim of bringing into sharp focus the state-of-the-science in the problems relating to the behavior of sound in marine sediments, the Office of Naval Research organized and sponsored an invited symposium on this subject. The papers published in this volume are the results of this symposium and mark the frontiers in the state-of-the-art. The symposia series were based on five research areas identified by ONR as being particularly suitable for critical review and for the appraisal of future research trends. These areas include: 1. Physics of Sound in Marine Sediments, 2. Physical and Engineering Properties of Deep-Sea Sediments, 3. The Role of Bottom Currents in Sea Floor Geological Processes, 4. Nephelometry and the Optical Properties of the Ocean I'laters, S. Natural Gases in Marine Sediments and Their Mode of Distribution. These five areas also form some of the research priorities of the ONR program in Marine Geology and Geophysics.

Metalliferous Sediments of the World Ocean

Metalliferous Sediments of the World Ocean
  • Author : Evgeny G. Gurvich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-16
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9783540309697
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Summary : Dramatic advances in understanding global tectonics have been made in the last half century and the information and specific data acquired on the floor of the World Ocean by the scientific community probably has exc- ded that available in all previous time. With the benefit of new technology and advanced concepts in the earth sciences extensive exploration of the deep seabed became possible, and has been carried out in many parts of the world. Many features have been recognized and data recorded that are vital for understanding the fundamental processes that shape the earth=s surface and control the habitable environment. The data collected to date on the o- an floor and its physical environment greatly exceeds our understanding and appreciation of their fundamental importance in the earth sciences, and our ability to apply this knowledge effectively in improving our way of life. With his extensive scientific knowledge and unique experience from - ny cruises in association with scientists throughout the world, Dr. Evgeny Gurvich has made an outstanding contribution in acquiring basic data on hydrothermal and sedimentation processes in the ocean, as well as in the synthesis of data and concepts available from cruise reports and an extensive literature.