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Defect Structure and Properties of Nanomaterials

Defect Structure and Properties of Nanomaterials
  • Author : J Gubicza
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-05
  • Total pages :410
  • ISBN : 9780081019184
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Summary : Defect Structure and Properties of Nanomaterials: Second and Extended Edition covers a wide range of nanomaterials including metals, alloys, ceramics, diamond, carbon nanotubes, and their composites. This new edition is fully revised and updated, covering important advances that have taken place in recent years. Nanostructured materials exhibit unique mechanical and physical properties compared with their coarse-grained counterparts, therefore these materials are currently a major focus in materials science. The production methods of nanomaterials affect the lattice defect structure (vacancies, dislocations, disclinations, stacking faults, twins, and grain boundaries) that has a major influence on their mechanical and physical properties. In this book, the production routes of nanomaterials are described in detail, and the relationships between the processing conditions and the resultant defect structure, as well as the defect-related properties (e.g. mechanical behavior, electrical resistance, diffusion, corrosion resistance, thermal stability, hydrogen storage capability, etc.) are reviewed. In particular, new processing methods of nanomaterials are described in the chapter dealing with the manufacturing procedures of nanostructured materials. New chapters on (i) the experimental methods for the study of lattice defects, (ii) the defect structure in nanodisperse particles, and (iii) the influence of lattice defects on electrical, corrosion, and diffusion properties are included, to further enhance what has become a leading reference for engineering, physics, and materials science audiences. Provides a detailed overview of processing methods, defect structure, and defect-related mechanical and physical properties of nanomaterials Covers a wide range of nanomaterials including metals, alloys, ceramics, diamond, carbon nanotubes, and their composites Includes new chapters covering recent advances in both processing techniques and methods for the study of lattice defects Provides valuable information that will help materials scientists and engineers highlight lattice defects and the related mechanical and physical properties

Defect Structure in Nanomaterials

Defect Structure in Nanomaterials
  • Author : J Gubicza
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-01
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9780857096142
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Summary : Nanomaterials exhibit unique mechanical and physical properties compared to their coarse-grained counterparts, and are consequently a major focus of current scientific research. Defect structure in nanomaterials provides a detailed overview of the processing methods, defect structure and defect-related mechanical and physical properties of a wide range of nanomaterials. The book begins with a review of the production methods of nanomaterials, including severe plastic deformation, powder metallurgy and electrodeposition. The lattice defect structures formed during the synthesis of nanomaterials are characterised in detail. Special attention is paid to the lattice defects in low stacking fault energy nanomaterials and metal – carbon nanotube composites. Topics covered in the second part of the book include a discussion of the thermal stability of defect structure in nanomaterials and a study of the influence of lattice defects on mechanical and hydrogen storage properties. Gives in-depth, physically based explanations for the relationships between the defect structure and mechanical properties of nanomaterials Covers a wide range of nanomaterials including metals; alloys; ceramics; diamond; carbon nanotubes and their composites Provides a detailed characterization of the lattice defect structure in nanomaterials

Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation

Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation
  • Author : Michael J. Zehetbauer,Ruslan Z. Valiev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-03-06
  • Total pages :872
  • ISBN : 9783527604944
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Summary : These proceedings of the "Second International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation" review the enormous scientific avalanche that has been developing in the field over recent years. A valuable resource for any scientist and engineer working in this emerging field of nanotechnology.

Handbook of Nanomaterials Properties

Handbook of Nanomaterials Properties
  • Author : Bharat Bhushan,Dan Luo,Scott R. Schricker,Wolfgang Sigmund,Stefan Zauscher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-13
  • Total pages :1463
  • ISBN : 9783642311079
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Summary : Nanomaterials attract tremendous attention in recent researches. Although extensive research has been done in this field it still lacks a comprehensive reference work that presents data on properties of different Nanomaterials. This Handbook of Nanomaterials Properties will be the first single reference work that brings together the various properties with wide breadth and scope.

Noble and Precious Metals

Noble and Precious Metals
  • Author : Mohindar Seehra,Alan Bristow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-04
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9781789232929
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Summary : The use of copper, silver, gold and platinum in jewelry as a measure of wealth is well known. This book contains 19 chapters written by international authors on other uses and applications of noble and precious metals (copper, silver, gold, platinum, palladium, iridium, osmium, rhodium, ruthenium, and rhenium). The topics covered include surface-enhanced Raman scattering, quantum dots, synthesis and properties of nanostructures, and its applications in the diverse fields such as high-tech engineering, nanotechnology, catalysis, and biomedical applications. The basis for these applications is their high-free electron concentrations combined with high-temperature stability and corrosion resistance and methods developed for synthesizing nanostructures. Recent developments in all these areas with up-to-date references are emphasized.

Introduction to Graphene-Based Nanomaterials

Introduction to Graphene-Based Nanomaterials
  • Author : Luis E. F. Foa Torres,Stephan Roche,Jean-Christophe Charlier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-23
  • Total pages :421
  • ISBN : 9781107030831
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Summary : A detailed primer describing the most effective theoretical and computational methods and tools for simulating graphene-based systems.

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials
  • Author : Mohd Shahir Liew,Phuong Nguyen-Tri,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-16
  • Total pages :724
  • ISBN : 9780128178553
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Summary : Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials: Properties, Modelling and Applications explores the fundamental concepts and applications of smart nanoconcretes with self-healing, self-cleaning, photocatalytic, antibacterial, piezoelectrical, heating and conducting properties and how they are used in modern high-rise buildings, hydraulic engineering, highways, tunnels and bridges. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and civil engineers who are looking to enhance the properties of smart nanomaterials to create stronger, more durable concrete. Explores the mechanisms through which active agents are released from nanocontainers inside concrete Shows how embedded smart nanosensors, including carbon cement-based smart sensors and micro/nano strain-sensors, are used to increase concrete performance Discusses the major challenges of integrating smart nanomaterials into concrete composites

Nano-sized Multifunctional Materials

Nano-sized Multifunctional Materials
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-20
  • Total pages :289
  • ISBN : 9780128139356
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Summary : Nano-sized Multifunctional Materials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications explores how materials can be down-scaled to nanometer-size in order to tailor and control properties. These advanced, low-dimensional materials, ranging from quantum dots and nanoparticles, to ultra-thin films develop multifunctional properties. As well as demonstrating how down-scaling to nano-size can make materials multifunctional, chapters also show how this technology can be applied in electronics, medicine, energy and in the environment. This fresh approach in materials research will provide a valuable resource for materials scientists, materials engineers, chemists, physicists and bioengineers who want to learn more on the special properties of nano-sized materials. Outlines the major synthesis chemical process and problems of advanced nanomaterials Shows how multifunctional nanomaterials can be practically used in biomedical area, nanomedicine, and in the treatment of pollutants Demonstrates how the properties of a variety of materials can be engineered by downscaling them to nano size

Extended Defects in Semiconductors

Extended Defects in Semiconductors
  • Author : D. B. Holt,B. G. Yacobi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-09
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139463591
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Summary : The elucidation of the effects of structurally extended defects on electronic properties of materials is especially important in view of the current advances in electronic device development that involve defect control and engineering at the nanometer level. This book surveys the properties, effects, roles and characterization of extended defects in semiconductors. The basic properties of extended defects (dislocations, stacking faults, grain boundaries, and precipitates) are outlined, and their effect on the electronic properties of semiconductors, their role in semiconductor devices, and techniques for their characterization are discussed. These topics are among the central issues in the investigation and applications of semiconductors and in the operation of semiconductor devices. The authors preface their treatment with an introduction to semiconductor materials and conclude with a chapter on point defect maldistributions. This text is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in materials science and engineering, and for those studying semiconductor physics.

Two-dimensional Materials

Two-dimensional Materials
  • Author : Pramoda Kumar Nayak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-31
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9789535125549
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Summary : There are only a few discoveries and new technologies in materials science that have the potential to dramatically alter and revolutionize our material world. Discovery of two-dimensional (2D) materials, the thinnest form of materials to ever occur in nature, is one of them. After isolation of graphene from graphite in 2004, a whole other class of atomically thin materials, dominated by surface effects and showing completely unexpected and extraordinary properties, has been created. This book provides a comprehensive view and state-of-the-art knowledge about 2D materials such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) and so on. It consists of 11 chapters contributed by a team of experts in this exciting field and provides latest synthesis techniques of 2D materials, characterization and their potential applications in energy conservation, electronics, optoelectronics and biotechnology.

Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants

Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants
  • Author : Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,P.K. Mishra,Dhanesh Tiwary
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-02
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9780128185995
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Summary : Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants: Challenges and Possibilities contains both practical and theoretical aspects of environmental management using the processes of photodegradation and various heterogeneous catalysts. The book's main focus is on the degradation of harmful pollutants, such as petrochemicals, crude oils, dyes, xenobiotic pharmaceutical waste, endocrine disrupting compounds, and other common pollutants. Chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects. This book is useful for undergraduate or university students, teachers and researchers, especially those working in areas of photocatalysis through heterogeneous catalysts. The primary audience for this book includes Chemical Engineers, Environmental Engineers and scientists, scholars working on the management of hazardous waste, scientists working in fields of materials science, and Civil Engineers working on wastewater treatment. Reviews recent trends in the photodegradation of organic pollutants Offers a bibliometric analysis of photocatalysis for environmental abatement Includes many degradation mechanisms of organic pollutants using various catalysts Includes examples on the degradation of organic pollutants from various sources, e.g., pharmaceuticals, dyes, pesticides, etc. Discusses the effect of nanocatalysts on soil, plants and the ecosystem

Characterization of Nanomaterials

Characterization of Nanomaterials
  • Author : Sneha Mohan,Samuel Oluwatobi Oluwafemi,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-18
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : 9780081019740
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Summary : Characterization of Nanomaterials: Advances and Key Technologies discusses the latest advancements in the synthesis of various types of nanomaterials. The book's main objective is to provide a comprehensive review regarding the latest advances in synthesis protocols that includes up-to-date data records on the synthesis of all kinds of inorganic nanostructures using various physical and chemical methods. The synthesis of all important nanomaterials, such as carbon nanostructures, Core-shell Quantum dots, Metal and metal oxide nanostructures, Nanoferrites, polymer nanostructures, nanofibers, and smart nanomaterials are discussed, making this a one-stop reference resource on research accomplishments in this area. Leading researchers from industry, academia, government and private research institutions across the globe have contributed to the book. Academics, researchers, scientists, engineers and students working in the field of polymer nanocomposites will benefit from its solutions for material problems. Provides an up-to-date data record on the synthesis of all kinds of organic and inorganic nanostructures using various physical and chemical methods Presents the latest advances in synthesis protocols Presents latest techniques used in the physical and chemical characterization of nanomaterials Covers characterization of all the important materials groups such as: carbon nanostructures, core-shell quantumdots, metal and metal oxide nanostructures, nanoferrites, polymer nanostructures and nanofibers A broad range of applications is covered including the performance of batteries, solar cells, water filtration, catalysts, electronics, drug delivery, tissue engineering, food packaging, sensors and fuel cells Leading researchers from industry, academia, government and private research institutes have contributed to the books

Graphene Oxide

Graphene Oxide
  • Author : Ganesh Shamrao Kamble
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-19
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9781789235883
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Summary : This book aims to introduce the emerging technologies of graphene oxide (GO) in various fields such as industrial, medical, electronics, artificial intelligence, materials-alloys, energy storage devices, optical, physics, mechanical, nanomaterials, and sustainable chemistry. At the current level of development, the properties and binding structure of graphene are important toward the recent applications. The knowledge produced by the graphene oxide could be a much haunting basis for discovering innovative opportunities in the field of emerging trends of research. Future technology expected that the full development will depend only on graphene and its functionalized composite materials. This book highlights the challenges and opportunities associated with GOs. Subject of interest in this book is exploring the opportunities and technologies related to abundant clean energy, pure water, and noble long healthy life.

Introduction to Materials Science

Introduction to Materials Science
  • Author : Jean P Mercier,Gerald Zambelli,Wilfried Kurz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :460
  • ISBN : 9780080950716
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Summary : The approach of this concise but comprehensive introduction, covering all major classes of materials, is right for not just materials science students and professionals, but also for those in engineering, physics and chemistry, or other related disciplines. The characteristics of all main classes of materials, metals, polymers and ceramics, are explained with reference to real-world examples. So each class of material is described, then its properties are explained, with illustrative examples from the leading edge of application. This edition contains new material on nanomaterials and nanostructures, and includes a study of degradation and corrosion, and a presentation of the main organic composite materials. Illustrative examples include carbon fibres, the silicon crystal, metallic glasses, and diamond films. Applications explored include ultra-light aircraft, contact lenses, dental materials, single crystal blades for gas turbines, use of lasers in the automotive industry, cables for cable cars, permanent magnets and molecular electronic devices. Covers latest materials including nanomaterials and nanostructures Real-world case studies bring the theory to life and illustrate the latest in good design All major classes of materials are covered in this concise yet comprehensive volume

Carbon Nanomaterials

Carbon Nanomaterials
  • Author : Rakesh Behari Mathur,Bhanu Pratap Singh,Shailaja Pande
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-19
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9781498702119
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Summary : The study of nanostructures has become, in recent years, a theme common to many disciplines, in which scientists and engineers manipulate matter at the atomic and molecular level in order to obtain materials and systems with significantly improved properties. Carbon nanomaterials have a unique place in nanoscience owing to their exceptional thermal, electrical, chemical, and mechanical properties, finding application in areas as diverse as super strong composite materials, energy storage and conversion, supercapacitors, smart sensors, targeted drug delivery, paints, and nanoelectronics. This book is the first to cover a broad spectrum of carbon nanomaterials, namely carbon nanofibers, vapor-grown carbon fibers, different forms of amorphous nanocarbons besides carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, graphene, graphene nanoribbons, graphene quantum dots, etc. in a single volume.

New Uses of Micro and Nanomaterials

New Uses of Micro and Nanomaterials
  • Author : Marcelo Rubén Pagnola,Jairo Useche Vivero,Andres Guillermo Marrugo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-10
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9781789841732
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Summary : A fundamental part of modern technology is composed of devices that use special materials as main components. Since the last few decades of the last century and even more recently, a remarkable development has been achieved in new micro- and nanostructured materials with compositional structures and production methods that open unprecedented technological, economic, and ecological perspectives due to high yields, economies of scale, the possibility of reducing weight and size, and the low environmental impact of the equipment that contains them. This book offers a collection of excellent studies that use state-of-the-art methodologies developed by professional researchers from different countries in diverse areas of materials. In this way, this book is particularly useful to academics, scientists, practicing researchers, and postgraduate students whose work relates to the latest nanomaterial technologies.

Textbook of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Textbook of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
  • Author : B.S. Murty,P. Shankar,Baldev Raj,B B Rath,James Murday
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-06
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 9783642280306
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Summary : This book is meant to serve as a textbook for beginners in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology. It can also be used as additional reading in this multifaceted area. It covers the entire spectrum of nanoscience and technology: introduction, terminology, historical perspectives of this domain of science, unique and widely differing properties, advances in the various synthesis, consolidation and characterization techniques, applications of nanoscience and technology and emerging materials and technologies.

Gold Nanoparticles

Gold Nanoparticles
  • Author : Mohammed Muzibur Rahman,Abdullah Mohammed Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-13
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 9781789849981
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Summary : Gold Nanoparticles - Reaching New Heights contains recent research on the preparation, characterization, fabrication, and potential of optical and biological applications of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). It is promising novel research that has received a lot of interest over the last few decades. It covers advanced topics on optical, physical, medicinal, and biological applications of AuNPs. Development of green nanotechnology is generating the interest of researchers towards the synthesis of eco-friendly, safe, non-toxic applications, which can be used for manufacture at a large scale. These are simple, cost-effective, stable, enduring, and reproducible aqueous room temperature synthesis applications to obtain the self-assembly of AuNPs. This potentially unique work offers various approaches to R

Recent Advances in Graphene Research

Recent Advances in Graphene Research
  • Author : Pramoda Kumar Nayak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-12
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9789535126386
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Summary : This book ''Recent Advances in Graphene Research'' provides a state-of-the-art report of the knowledge accumulated in graphene research. It contains 12 chapters divided into three sections. Section 1 ''Fundamentals of Graphene'' deals with quantum hall effect in graphene, electronic properties of carbon nanostructures and spectral statistics of graphene nanoflakes. In Section 2 ''Graphene Synthesis,'' the optimized synthesis procedures of graphene and its derivatives are presented. The application of graphene and its nanostructured-based materials for energy storage, conservation and other extensive applications are described in Section 3 ''Application of Graphene and its Nanostructures''. We believe that this book offers broader prospective to the readers in the recent advances in graphene research, starting from fundamental science to application.

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials
  • Author : Hideo Hosono,Yoshinao Mishima,Hideo Takezoe,Kenneth J.D. MacKenzie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-08-08
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : 0080463908
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Summary : A research project at the Tokyo Institute of Technology – dedicated to fostering innovation in the field of nanomaterials – was selected as one of the 21st Century COE (Center of Excellence) programs. The achievements of this COE program, which builds on the strong tradition of materials science in the Institute, are summarized within this book. Nanomaterials: Research Towards Applications is divided into four main parts: Revolutionary Oxides State-of-the-Art Polymers Nanostructure Design for New Functions Nanostructure Architecture for Engineering Applications Each section consists of three or four chapters related to inorganic, organic and metallic nanomaterials

Chemical Functionalization of Carbon Nanomaterials

Chemical Functionalization of Carbon Nanomaterials
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-28
  • Total pages :1101
  • ISBN : 9781482253962
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Summary : Carbon-based nanomaterials are rapidly emerging as one of the most fascinating materials in the twenty-first century. Chemical Functionalization of Carbon Nanomaterials: Chemistry and Applications provides a thorough examination of carbon nanomaterials, including their variants and how they can be chemically functionalized. It also gives a comprehensive overview of current advanced applications of functionalized carbon nanomaterials, including the automotive, packaging, coating, and biomedical industries. The book covers modern techniques to characterize chemically functionalized carbon nanomaterials as well as characterization of surface functional groups. It includes contributions from international leaders in the field who highlight the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary flexibility of functionalized carbon nanomaterials. The book illustrates how natural drawbacks to carbon nanomaterials, such as low solubility, can be countered by surface modifications and shows how to make modifications. It discusses developments in the use of carbon nanomaterials in several critical areas in scientific research and practice, including analytical chemistry, drug delivery, and water treatment. It explores market opportunities due to the versatility and increasing applicability of carbon nanomaterials. It also gives suggestions on the direction of the field from its current point, paving the way for future developments and finding new applications. Chemical Functionalization of Carbon Nanomaterials: Chemistry and Applications is a significant collection of findings in a rapidly developing field. It gives an in-depth look at the current achievements of research and practice while pointing you ahead to new possibilities in functionalizing and using carbon nanomaterials.