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Definitions of Biomaterials for the Twenty-First Century

Definitions of Biomaterials for the Twenty-First Century
  • Author : Xingdong Zhang,David Williams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-20
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9780128182925
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Summary : Definitions of Biomaterials for the Twenty-First Century is a review of key, critical biomaterial terms and definitions endorsed by the International Union of Societies for Biomaterials Science and Engineering. The topics and definitions discussed include those in general biomaterials and applications, biocompatibility, implantable and interventional devices, drug delivery systems, regenerative medicine and emerging biomaterials. The book reviews the discussion of these terms by leaders in the global biomaterials community and summarizes the agreed upon definitions. Provides readers with the official definitions of critical biomaterials terms endorsed by the International Union of Societies for Biomaterials Science and Engineering Includes the combined contributions from more than 50 global leaders in the biomaterials community Updates terms based on the latest advances in clinical and scientific understanding and expanded scope of biomaterials science

The Williams Dictionary of Biomaterials

The Williams Dictionary of Biomaterials
  • Author : David Franklyn Williams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :343
  • ISBN : 9780853237341
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Summary : There has been a rapid expansion of activity in the area of biomaterials and related medical devices, both in scientific terms and in clinical and commercial applications. The definition of terms has failed to keep pace with the rapidity of these developments and there is considerable confusion over the terminology used in this highly multi- and inter-disciplinary area. This confusion has arisen partly from the use of inappropriate terms which already have well-defined meanings in their parent disciplines, but which are used inexpertly by those working in other disciplines, and partly from the haphazard generation of new terms for the purpose of defining new phenomena or devices. For example, many terms used in pathology with distinct, if not readily understood, meanings are used by materials scientists to describe biocompatibility phenomena with slightly changed or even wholly misrepresented meanings; similarly, terms from materials science and engineering are seriously misused by biologists and clinicians working in this field. The leading proponent of harmonization and clarity in medical device terminology, Professor D. F. Williams has been influential in setting the standard for the accurate definition of some of the terms used. In particular, the definition of biocompatibility, ‘the Williams definition’, agreed at a 1987 conference has been adopted worldwide. Now, in association with O’Donnell and Associates of Brussels, he has prepared The Williams Dictionary to provide a definitive exposition of the meaning of the terminology used in the area of biomaterials and medical devices. It includes definitions and explanations of more than 2,000 terms from many areas, including biomaterials and medical devices, materials science, biological sciences, and clinical medicine and surgery.

Chitin

Chitin
  • Author : Eugene Khor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-12
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : 9780080999401
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Summary : The second edition of Chitin underscores the important factors for standardizing chitin processing and characterization. It captures the essential interplay between chitin's assets and limitations as a biomaterial, placing the past promises of chitin in perspective, addressing its present realities and offering insight into what is required to realize chitin's destiny (including its derivative, chitosan) as a biomaterial of the twenty-first century. This book is an ideal guide for both industrialists and researchers with a vested interest in commercializing chitin. An update on the research since 2001 as it pertains to the biomaterials and biomedical applications of chitin and chitosan An expanded discussion on positioning chitin and chitosan for biomedical applications Presents regulatory aspects of chitin and chitosan

Stem Cells and Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine

Stem Cells and Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine
  • Author : Marek J. Los,Andrzej Hudecki,Emilia Wiechec
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-07
  • Total pages :249
  • ISBN : 9780128122785
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Summary : Stem Cells and Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine addresses the urgent need for a compact source of information on both the cellular and biomaterial aspects of regenerative medicine. By developing a mutual understanding between three separately functioning areas of science—medicine, the latest technology, and clinical economics—the volume encourages interdisciplinary relationships that will lead to solutions for the significant challenges faced by today's regenerative medicine. Users will find sections on the homeostatic balance created by apoptosis and proliferating tissue stem cells, the naturally regenerative capacities of various tissue types, the potential regenerative benefits of iPS-generation, various differentiation protocols, and more. Written in easily accessbile language, this volume is appropriate for any professional or medical staff looking to expand their knowledge with regard to stem cells and regenerative medicine. Arms readers with key information on tissue engineering, artificial organs and biomaterials, while using broadly accessible language Provides broad introduction to, and examples of, various types of stem cells, core concepts of regenerative medicine, biomaterials, nanotechnology and nanomaterials, somatic cell transdyferentiation, and more Edited and authored by researchers with expertise in regenerative medicine, (cancer) stem cells, biomaterials, genetics and nanomaterials

People's Movements in the 21st Century

People's Movements in the 21st Century
  • Author : Ingrid Muenstermann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-15
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9789535129233
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Summary : The UNHCR assures us that never before have there been so many people on the move at the same time, mainly because of war-inflicted circumstances. Authors from different reputed institutions share their knowledge on this open-access platform to disseminate their knowledge at the global level. This book captures issues involved in meeting the challenges of people's movements in the twenty-first century. It explores attitudes of previously colonized people in a post-colonial period, analyses food insecurity in Canada, quality of life of elderly Turkish and Polish migrants in Germany, suicidal behaviours of immigrants admitted to an Italian-teaching hospital, and migration from a public healthcare perspective and points to the problem of tuberculosis among immigrants. Challenges of a more personal nature relate to second-language learning and acculturation of Brazilian migrants in Portugal and Asians as model minorities. Empirical evidence of why immigrants leave Norway is provided, and there is a discussion on the new actors of international migration (foreign students). This book closes with the voices of trailing women when it comes to the decision to emigrate. The collective contributions from experts attempt to provide updates regarding ongoing research and developments pertaining to migration.

Chemically Bonded Phosphate Ceramics

Chemically Bonded Phosphate Ceramics
  • Author : Arun S. Wagh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-17
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9780081003961
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Summary : This book brings together the latest developments in chemically bonded phosphate ceramics (CBPCs), including several novel ceramics, from US Federal Laboratories such as Argonne, Oak Ridge, and Brookhaven National Laboratories, as well as Russian and Ukrainian nuclear institutes. Coupled with further advances in their use as biomaterials, these materials have found uses in diverse fields in recent years. Applications range from advanced structural materials to corrosion and fire protection coatings, oil-well cements, stabilization and encapsulation of hazardous and radioactive waste, nuclear radiation shielding materials, and products designed for safe storage of nuclear materials. Such developments call for a single source to cover their science and applications. This book is a unique and comprehensive source to fulfil that need. In the second edition, the author covers the latest developments in nuclear waste containment and introduces new products and applications in areas such as biomedical implants, cements and coatings used in oil-well and other petrochemical applications, and flame-retardant anti-corrosion coatings. Explores the key applications of CBPCs including nuclear waste storage, oil-well cements, anticorrosion coatings and biomedical implants Demystifies the chemistry, processes and production methods of CBPCs Draws on 40 years of developments and applications in the field, including the latest developments from USA, Europe, Ukraine, Russia, China and India

Marine Biotechnology in the Twenty-First Century

Marine Biotechnology in the Twenty-First Century
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Marine Biotechnology: Biomedical Applications of Marine Natural Products
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-06-29
  • Total pages :130
  • ISBN : 9780309083423
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Summary : Dramatic developments in understanding the fundamental underpinnings of life have provided exciting opportunities to make marine bioproducts an important part of the U.S. economy. Several marine based pharmaceuticals are under active commercial development, ecosystem health is high on the public's list of concerns, and aquaculture is providing an ever greater proportion of the seafood on our tables. Nevertheless, marine biotechnology has not yet caught the public's, or investor's, attention. Two workshops, held in October 1999 and November 2001 at the National Academies, were successful in highlighting new developments and opportunities in environmental and biomedical applications of marine biotechnology, and also in identifying factors that are impeding commercial exploitation of these products. This report includes a synthesis of the 2001 sessions addressing drug discovery and development, applications of genomics and proteomics to marine biotechnology, biomaterials and bioengineering, and public policy and essays contributed by the workshop speakers.

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
  • Author : Mel M Schwartz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822025567496
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Summary :

Essential Biomaterials Science

Essential Biomaterials Science
  • Author : David Williams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-17
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 9780521899086
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Summary : This groundbreaking single-authored textbook equips students with everything they need to know to truly understand the hugely topical field of biomaterials science, including essential background on the clinical necessity of biomaterials, relevant concepts in biology and materials science, comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of all existing clinical and experimental biomaterials, and the fundamental principles of biocompatibility. It features extensive case studies interweaved with theory, from a wide range of clinical disciplines, equipping students with a practical understanding of the phenomena and mechanisms of biomaterials performance; a whole chapter dedicated to the biomaterials industry itself, including guidance on regulations, standards and guidelines, litigation, and ethical issues to prepare students for industry; informative glossaries of key terms, engaging end-of-chapter exercises, and up-to-date lists of recommended reading. Drawing on the author's 40 years' experience in biomaterials, this is an indispensible resource for students studying these lifesaving technological advances.

United States Code

United States Code
  • Author : United States
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCR:31210025663640
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Summary :

Alumina Ceramics

Alumina Ceramics
  • Author : Andrew J. Ruys
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-20
  • Total pages :580
  • ISBN : 9780081024430
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Summary : Alumina Ceramics: Biomedical and Clinical Applications examines the extraordinary material, Alumina, and its use in biomedicine and industry. Sections discuss the fundamentals of Alumina Ceramics, look at the various industrial applications, and examine a variety of medical applications. Readers will find this to be an invaluable and unique resource for researchers, clinical professionals, engineers, and advanced level students. Alumina ceramics are a leading biomaterial used for specialist medical applications, such as bionic implants and tissue engineering, and the only biomaterial commercially viable for use as bearings for orthopedic hip replacements. As such, this book is a timely resource on the topics discussed. Provides a unique and thorough review of Alumina ceramics Written by one of the world’s leading experts in bioceramics and advanced industrial ceramics, especially alumina Targeted to researchers in the materials, clinical and dental fields Enables the non-expert with an overview of the underlying alumina technology, major challenges, major successes and future directions

Experimental Methods in Polymer Science

Experimental Methods in Polymer Science
  • Author : Toyoichi Tanaka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :604
  • ISBN : 9780126832655
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Summary : Successful characterization of polymer systems is one of the most important objectives of today's experimental research of polymers. Considering the tremendous scientific, technological, and economic importance of polymeric materials, not only for today's applications but for the industry of the 21st century, it is impossible to overestimate the usefulness of experimental techniques in this field. Since the chemical, pharmaceutical, medical, and agricultural industries, as well as many others, depend on this progress to an enormous degree, it is critical to be as efficient, precise, and cost-effective in our empirical understanding of the performance of polymer systems as possible. This presupposes our proficiency with, and understanding of, the most widely used experimental methods and techniques. This book is designed to fulfill the requirements of scientists and engineers who wish to be able to carry out experimental research in polymers using modern methods. Each chapter describes the principle of the respective method, as well as the detailed procedures of experiments with examples of actual applications. Thus, readers will be able to apply the concepts as described in the book to their own experiments. Addresses the most important practical techniques for experimental research in the growing field of polymer science The first well-documented presentation of the experimental methods in one consolidated source Covers principles, practical techniques, and actual examples Can be used as a handbook or lab manual for both students and researchers Presents ideas and methods from an international perspective Techniques addressed in this volume include: Light Scattering Neutron Scattering and X-Ray Scattering Fluorescence Spectroscopy NMR on Polymers Rheology Gel Experiments

Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Skeletal Regeneration

Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Skeletal Regeneration
  • Author : Peter Giannoudis,Elena Jones,Xuebin Yang,Dennis Mcgonagle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-20
  • Total pages :70
  • ISBN : 9780124081314
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Summary : This book covers our current understanding of the role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and other mesenchymal progenitors in skeletal regeneration, encompassing bone, cartilage and whole joint regeneration. The expansion reflects developments in the field to include data on the use of MSCs in drug development, growth factors, scaffolds and biomechanical manipulations for skeletal trauma and diseases, including osteoporosis and arthritis. Written for an audience of clinicians and young researchers who are exposed to MSCs in their work, this work summarizes recent findings pertaining to the definition and characterization of MSCs in skeletal tissues and discusses the mechanisms of their actions in regeneration of bone in vivo. The authors describe recent findings pertaining to the efficacy of MSC therapies in animal models and in human clinical trials and bring together literature showing that the ways MSCs are extracted, expanded and implanted can considerably affect bone formation outcomes. Finally, it presents the latest knowledge on the nature of native MSCs in skeletal tissues, which provide a platform for novel in situ tissue regeneration approaches for systemic bone disease such as osteoporosis. Focuses specifically on the use of stem cells in skeletal tissue generation for a broad audience of stem cell, cancer, and bone biologists, orthopedists, oncologists, and regenerative medicine specialists Provides a short historical ‘detour’ and foundational information on founding concepts, discoveries and personalities in MSC research Assists a new generation of scientists and clinicians in digesting the multitude of journal articles on the topic by providing easily-absorbed and condensed foundational context

Using Old Solutions to New Problems

Using Old Solutions to New Problems
  • Author : Marianna Kulka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-19
  • Total pages :426
  • ISBN : 9789535111580
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Summary : The medicinal use of plants, animals and microorganisms has been a part of human evolution and likely began before recorded history. Is it possible that this knowledge can be used to create powerful new drugs and solve some of the human health problems facing us today? This book is a collection of an expert team of agronomists, chemists, biologists and policy makers who discuss some of the processes involved in developing a naturally-sourced bioactive compound into a drug therapy. These experts define a natural compound and elucidate the processes required to find, extract and define a naturally-derived bioactive molecule. Finally, they describe the necessity for understanding the fundamental mechanisms of disease before applying bioactive molecules in bioassay-guided drug discovery platforms.

Antarctic Security in the Twenty-first Century

Antarctic Security in the Twenty-first Century
  • Author : Alan D. Hemmings,Donald Rothwell,Karen N. Scott
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :343
  • ISBN : 9780415620253
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Summary : The Antarctic Treaty (1959) was adopted for the purpose of bringing peace and stability to Antarctica and to facilitate cooperation in scientific research conducted on and around the continent. It has now been over fifty years since the signing of the treaty, nevertheless security continues to drive and shape the laws and policy regime which governs the region. Antarctic Security in the Twenty-First Century: Legal and Policy Perspectives assess Antarctic security from multiple legal and policy perspectives. This book reviews the existing security construct in Antarctica, critically assesses its status in the early part of the Twenty-First century and considers how Antarctic security may be viewed in both the immediate and distant future. The book assesses emerging new security threats, including the impact of climate change and the issues arising from increased human traffic to Antarctica by scientists, tourists, and mariners. The authors call into question whether the existing Antarctic security construct framed around the Antarctic Treaty remains viable, or whether new Antarctic paradigms are necessary for the future governance of the region. The contributions to this volume engage with a security discourse which has expanded beyond the traditional military domain to include notions of security from the perspective of economics, the environment and bio-security. This book provides a contemporary and innovative approach to Antarctic issues which will be of interest to scholars of international law, international relations, security studies and political science as well as policy makers, lawyers and government officials with an interest in the region.

Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass

Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass
  • Author : James H. Clark,Fabien Deswarte
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-22
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9781118714454
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Summary : Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass, Second Edition presents an overview of the use of biorenewable resources in the 21st century for the manufacture of chemical products, materials and energy. The book demonstrates that biomass is essentially a rich mixture of chemicals and materials and, as such, has a tremendous potential as feedstock for making a wide range of chemicals and materials with applications in industries from pharmaceuticals to furniture. Completely revised and updated to reflect recent developments, this new edition begins with an introduction to the biorefinery concept, followed by chapters addressing the various types of available biomass feedstocks, including waste, and the different pre-treatment and processing technologies being developed to turn these feedstocks into platform chemicals, polymers, materials and energy. The book concludes with a discussion on the policies and strategies being put in place for delivering the so-called Bioeconomy. Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass is a valuable resource for academics, industrial scientists and policy-makers working in the areas of industrial biotechnology, biorenewables, chemical engineering, fine and bulk chemical production, agriculture technologies, plant science, and energy and power generation. We need to reduce our dependence on fossil resources and increasingly derive all the chemicals we take for granted and use in our daily life from biomass – and we must make sure that we do this using green chemistry and sustainable technologies! For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs Topics covered include: • The biorefinery concept • Biomass feedstocks • Pre-treatment technologies • Platform molecules from renewable resources • Polymers from bio-based monomers • Biomaterials • Bio-based energy production Praise for the 1st edition: “Drawing on the expertise of the authors the book involves a degree of plant biology and chemical engineering, which illustrates the multidisciplinary nature of the topic beautifully” - Chemistry World

Principles of Tissue Engineering

Principles of Tissue Engineering
  • Author : Robert Lanza,Robert Langer,Joseph P. Vacanti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-05-16
  • Total pages :995
  • ISBN : 9780080539676
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Summary : The opportunity that tissue engineering provides for medicine is extraordinary. In the United States alone, over half-a-trillion dollars are spent each year to care for patients who suffer from tissue loss or dysfunction. Although numerous books and reviews have been written on tissue engineering, none has been as comprehensive in its defining of the field. Principles of Tissue Engineering combines in one volume the prerequisites for a general understanding of tissue growth and development, the tools and theoretical information needed to design tissues and organs, as well as a presentation of applications of tissue engineering to diseases affecting specific organ systems. The first edition of the book, published in 1997, is the definite reference in the field. Since that time, however, the discipline has grown tremendously, and few experts would have been able to predict the explosion in our knowledge of gene expression, cell growth and differentiation, the variety of stem cells, new polymers and materials that are now available, or even the successful introduction of the first tissue-engineered products into the marketplace. There was a need for a new edition, and this need has been met with a product that defines and captures the sense of excitement, understanding and anticipation that has followed from the evolution of this fascinating and important field. Key Features * Provides vast, detailed analysis of research on all of the major systems of the human body, e.g., skin, muscle, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, and nerves * Essential to anyone working in the field * Educates and directs both the novice and advanced researcher * Provides vast, detailed analysis of research with all of the major systems of the human body, e.g. skin, muscle, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, and nerves * Has new chapters written by leaders in the latest areas of research, such as fetal tissue engineering and the universal cell * Considered the definitive reference in the field * List of contributors reads like a "who's who" of tissue engineering, and includes Robert Langer, Joseph Vacanti, Charles Vacanti, Robert Nerem, A. Hari Reddi, Gail Naughton, George Whitesides, Doug Lauffenburger, and Eugene Bell, among others

Human Resource Planning for the 21st Century

Human Resource Planning for the 21st Century
  • Author : Josiane Fahed-Sreih
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-12
  • Total pages :112
  • ISBN : 9781789236880
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Summary : Since the dawn of civilization, humans were selected, allocated and organized based on their skills and job criteria. Today, the role of Human Resources (HR) professionals goes beyond recruitment and management of human capital. Human Resource Planning for the 21st Century tackles the current trends of human resource management (HRM) and human resource planning while highlighting certain roles that HR professionals are involved in. Human Resource Planning for the 21st Century explores HRM systems and their roles within a corporate setting, elaborates on HR plans for crises, uncovers the effects of downsizing on company brand and looks at the possible impact of globalization on corporate social responsibility and HRM.

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Advanced Drug Delivery

Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Advanced Drug Delivery
  • Author : Masoud Mozafari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-17
  • Total pages :820
  • ISBN : 9780081029862
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Summary : Nanoengineered Biomaterials for Advanced Drug Delivery explores the latest advances in the applications of nanoengineered biomaterials in drug delivery systems. The book covers a wide range of biomaterials and nanotechnology techniques that have been used for the delivery of different biological molecules and drugs in the human body. It is an important resource for biomaterials scientists and engineers working in biomedicine and those wanting to learn more on how nanoengineered biomaterials are being used to enhance drug delivery for a variety of diseases. Nanoengineered biomaterials have enhanced properties that make them more effective than conventional biomaterials as both drug delivery agents, and in the creation of new drug delivery systems. As nanoengineering becomes more cost-effective, nanoengineered biomaterials have become more widely used within biomedicine. Offers an informed overview on how nanoengineering biomaterials enhance their properties for drug delivery applications Discusses the major applications of nanoengineered biomaterials for drug delivery Outlines the major challenges for successfully implementing nanoengineered biomaterials into existing drug delivery systems

Materials Research to Meet 21st-Century Defense Needs

Materials Research to Meet 21st-Century Defense Needs
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on Materials Research for Defense After Next
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-03-25
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : 9780309087001
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Summary : In order to achieve the revolutionary new defense capabilities offered by materials science and engineering, innovative management to reduce the risks associated with translating research results will be needed along with the R&D. While payoff is expected to be high from the promising areas of materials research, many of the benefits are likely to be evolutionary. Nevertheless, failure to invest in more speculative areas of research could lead to undesired technological surprises. Basic research in physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science will provide the seeds for potentially revolutionary technologies later in the 21st century.

Stem Cells

Stem Cells
  • Author : Christine Mummery,Anja van de Stolpe,Bernard Roelen,Hans Clevers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-23
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9780124115675
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Summary : The second edition of Stem Cells: Scientific Facts and Fiction provides the non-stem cell expert with an understandable review of the history, current state of affairs, and facts and fiction of the promises of stem cells. Building on success of its award-winning preceding edition, the second edition features new chapters on embryonic and iPS cells and stem cells in veterinary science and medicine. It contains major revisions on cancer stem cells to include new culture models, additional interviews with leaders in progenitor cells, engineered eye tissue, and xeno organs from stem cells, as well as new information on "organs on chips" and adult progenitor cells. In the past decades our understanding of stem cell biology has increased tremendously. Many types of stem cells have been discovered in tissues that everyone presumed were unable to regenerate in adults, the heart and the brain in particular. There is vast interest in stem cells from biologists and clinicians who see the potential for regenerative medicine and future treatments for chronic diseases like Parkinson's, diabetes, and spinal cord lesions, based on the use of stem cells; and from entrepreneurs in biotechnology who expect new commercial applications ranging from drug discovery to transplantation therapies. Explains in straightforward, non-specialist language the basic biology of stem cells and their applications in modern medicine and future therapy Includes extensive coverage of adult and embryonic stem cells both historically and in contemporary practice Richly illustrated to assist in understanding how research is done and the current hurdles to clinical practice