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Degradation Rate of Bioresorbable Materials

Degradation Rate of Bioresorbable Materials
  • Author : F J Buchanan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-26
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9781845695033
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Summary : Bioresorbable materials are extensively used for a wide range of biomedical applications from drug delivery to fracture fixation, and may remain in the body for weeks, months or even years. Accurately predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of these materials is critical to their performance and the controlled release of bioactive agents. Degradation rate of bioresorbable materials provides a comprehensive review of the most important techniques in safely predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of polymer, ceramic and composite based biomaterials. Part one provides an introductory review of bioresorbable materials and the biological environment of the body. Chapters in Part two address degradation mechanisms of commonly used materials such as polymers and ceramics. This is followed by chapters on bioresorption test methods and modelling techniques in Part three. Part four discusses factors influencing bioresorbability such as sterilisation, porosity and host response. The final section reviews current clinical applications of bioresorbable materials. With its distinguished editor and multidisciplinary team of international contributors, Degradation rate of bioresorbable materials: prediction and evaluation provides a unique and valuable reference for biomaterials scientists, engineers and students as well as the medical community. Comprehensively reviews the most pertinent techniques in safely predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of bioresorbable materials Addresses degradation mechanisms of commonly used materials Discusses factors influencing bioresorbability such as sterilisation and host response

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers
  • Author : Xiang Cheng Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-22
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9780081003930
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Summary : Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers. Provides a practical guide to the fundamentals, synthesis, and processing of bioresorbable polymers in medicine Contains comprehensive coverage of material properties, including unique insights into modeling degradation Written by an eclectic mix of international authors with experience in academia and industry

Biodegradation

Biodegradation
  • Author : Rolando Chamy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-14
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9789535111542
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Summary : This book contains a collection of different biodegradation research activities where biological processes take place. The book has two main sections: A) Polymers and Surfactants Biodegradation and B) Biodegradation: Microbial Behaviour.

Biodegradable Systems in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Biodegradable Systems in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
  • Author : Rui L. Reis,Julio San Román
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-11-29
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 9781135494421
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Summary : Conventional materials technology has yielded clear improvements in regenerative medicine. Ideally, however, a replacement material should mimic the living tissue mechanically, chemically, biologically and functionally. The use of tissue-engineered products based on novel biodegradable polymeric systems will lead to dramatic improvements in health

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale
  • Author : Susai Rajendran,Tuán Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei,Yongxin Li,Mahdi Yeganeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-12
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780128193594
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Summary : Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale explores fundamental concepts on how metals can be protected at the nanoscale by using both nanomaterials-based solutions, including nanoalloys, noninhibitors and nanocoatings. It is an important reference resource for both materials scientists and engineers wanting to find ways to create an efficient corrosion prevention strategy. Nanostructure materials have been widely used in many products, such as print electronics, contact, interconnection, implant, nanosensors and display units to lessen the impact of corrosion. Traditional methods for protection of metals include various techniques, such as coatings, inhibitors, electrochemical methods (anodic and cathodic protections), metallurgical design are covered in this book. Nanomaterials-based protective methods can offer many advantages over their traditional counterparts, such as protection for early-stage, higher corrosion resistance, better corrosion control. This book also outlines these advantages and discusses the challenges of implementing nanomaterials as corrosion protection agents on a wide scale.

Polymers for Tissue Engineering

Polymers for Tissue Engineering
  • Author : M. Molly S. Shoichet,Jay Abel Hubbell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-01-01
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9067642894
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Summary : The articles included in this text highlight the important advances in polymer science that impact tissue engineering. The breadth of polymer science is well represented with the relevance of both polymer chemistry and morphology emphasized in terms of cell and tissue response.

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Giuseppe Perale,Jöns Hilborn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-24
  • Total pages :628
  • ISBN : 9780081002667
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Summary : Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymers Features a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applications Provides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industry Includes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications

Biodegradation

Biodegradation
  • Author : Rolando Chamy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-14
  • Total pages :486
  • ISBN : 9789535111535
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Summary : This book contains a collection of different research activities where several technologies have been applied to the optimization of biodegradation processes. The book has three main sections: A) Hydrocarbons biodegradation, B) Biodegradation and anaerobic digestion, and C) Biodegradation and sustainability.

Degradation of Poly (lactide)--based Biodegradable Materials

Degradation of Poly (lactide)--based Biodegradable Materials
  • Author : Hideto Tsuji
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-01-01
  • Total pages :76
  • ISBN : 1604565020
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Summary : Poly (lactide), i.e., poly (lactic acid) (PLA) is a biodegradable polyester produced from renewable resources. Due to its high mechanical performance and very low toxicity, PLA is utilised for biomedical, pharmaceutical, ecological, industrial, and commodity applications. PLA is susceptible to various types of degradation, such as hydrolytic degradation in the human body and the environment, biodegradation and photodegradation in the environment, and thermal degradation during processing. In biomedical and pharmaceutical applications, the hydrolytic degradation mechanism and rate are crucial factors for determining its performance. In contrast, in most of the environmental, industrial, and commodity applications, an accurate adjustment of the degradation rate as accurate as in biomedical and pharmaceutical applications is not required, or degradation during use can cause a reduction in material performance. However, for recycling PLA to its monomers, information on the mechanism and rate of hydrolytic degradation and thermal degradation at elevated temperatures is indispensable. This book deals with the hydrolytic degradation, biodegradation, thermal degradation, and photodegradation of PLA-based materials with different material factors and degradation conditions or environments.

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers
  • Author : Catia Bastioli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-09
  • Total pages :572
  • ISBN : 9781501511967
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Summary : This handbook covers characteristics, processability and application areas of biodegradable polymers, with key polymer family groups discussed. It explores the role of biodegradable polymers in different waste management practices including anaerobic digestion, and considers topics such as the different types of biorefineries for renewable monomers used in producing the building blocks for biodegradable polymers.

Innovations in Biomedical Engineering

Innovations in Biomedical Engineering
  • Author : Marek Gzik,Zbigniew Paszenda,Ewa Pietka,Ewaryst Tkacz,Krzysztof Milewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-10
  • Total pages :393
  • ISBN : 9783030521806
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Summary : This book presents a compact study on recent concepts and advances in biomedical engineering. The ongoing advancement of civilization and related technological innovations are increasingly affecting many aspects of our lives. These changes are also visible in the development and practical application of new methods for medical diagnosis and treatment, which in turn are closely linked to expanding knowledge of the functions of the human body. This development is possible primarily due to the increasing cooperation of scientists from various disciplines, and related activities are referred to as “biomedical engineering.” The combined efforts of doctors, physiotherapists and engineers from various fields of science have helped achieve dynamic advances in medicine that would have been impossible in the past. The reader will find here papers on biomaterials, biomechanics, as well as the use of information technology and engineering modeling methods in medicine. The respective papers will promote the development of biomedical engineering as a vital field of science, based on cooperation between doctors, physiotherapists and engineers. The editors would like to thank all the people who contributed to the creation of this book – both the authors, and those involved in technical aspects.

Biodegradable Metals

Biodegradable Metals
  • Author : Eli Aghion
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-06
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9783038973867
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Biodegradable Metals" that was published in Metals

Biodegradable Polyesters

Biodegradable Polyesters
  • Author : Stoyko Fakirov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-06
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9783527656974
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Summary : Collating otherwise hard-to-get and recently acquired knowledge in one work, this is a comprehensive reference on the synthesis, properties, characterization, and applications of this eco-friendly class of plastics. A group of internationally renowned researchers offer their first-hand experience and knowledge, dealing exclusively with those biodegradable polyesters that have become increasingly important over the past two decades due to environmental concerns on the one hand and newly-devised applications in the biomedical field on the other. The result is an unparalleled overview for the industrial chemist and materials scientist, as well as for developers and researchers in industry and academia alike.

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Biodegradable Materials

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Biodegradable Materials
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Michael R. Kessler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-17
  • Total pages :688
  • ISBN : 9781119224389
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Summary : The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 5th volume Handbook is solely focused on Biodegradable Materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: Rice husk and its composites; biodegradable composites based on thermoplastic starch and talc nanoparticles; recent progress in biocomposites of biodegradable polymer; microbial polyesters: production and market; biodegradable and bio absorbable materials for osteosynthesis applications; biodegradable polymers in tissue engineering; composites based on hydroxyapatite and biodegradable polylactide; biodegradable composites; development of membranes from bio-based materials and their applications; green biodegradable composites based on natural fibers; fully biodegradable all-cellulose composites; natural fiber composites with bio-derivative and/or degradable polymers; synthetic biodegradable polymers for bone tissue engineering; polysaccharides as green biodegradable platforms for building-up electroactive composite materials; biodegradable polymer blends and composites from seaweeds; biocomposites scaffolds derived from renewable resources for bone tissue repair ; pectin-based composites; recent advances in conductive composites based on biodegradable polymers for regenerative medicine applications; biosynthesis of PHAs and their biomedical applications; biodegradable soy protein isolate/poly (vinyl alcohol) packaging films and biodegradability of bio-based polymeric materials in natural environment.

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials
  • Author : Matheus Poletto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-30
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9789535127932
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Summary : Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials consists of 16 chapters written by international subject matter experts investigating the characteristic and current application of materials from renewable and sustainable sources. The reader will develop a deeper understanding about the concepts related to renewable materials, biomaterials, natural fibers, biodegradable composites, starch, and recycled materials. This book will serve as the starting point for materials science researchers, engineers, and technologists from the diverse backgrounds in physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering who want to know and better understand the fundamental aspects and current applications of renewable and sustainable materials in several applications.

Environmentally Degradable Materials Based on Multicomponent Polymeric Systems

Environmentally Degradable Materials Based on Multicomponent Polymeric Systems
  • Author : Cornelia Vasile,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-21
  • Total pages :654
  • ISBN : 9789004164109
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Summary : Environmentally Degradable Materials (EDPs) should replace petroleum-based plastics where recycling is not viable for logistic or labor cost reason. This book discusses the general background of obtaining such systems, compatibilization methodologies, control of the rate of degradation and final products after degradation, life time assessment, toxicological aspects, applications and market aspects. This book is a complete guide to the subject of biodegradable materials based on multi-component polymeric systems, mainly such as hydrogels, and interpenetrating polymeric networks. This book is a complete guide to the subject of biodegradable materials based on multicomponent polymeric systems such as mainly hydrogels, interpenetrating polymeric networks.

Degradation of Implant Materials

Degradation of Implant Materials
  • Author : Noam Eliaz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-21
  • Total pages :516
  • ISBN : 9781461439424
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Summary : This book reviews the current understanding of the mechanical, chemical and biological processes that are responsible for the degradation of a variety of implant materials. All 18 chapters will be written by internationally renowned experts to address both fundamental and practical aspects of research into the field. Different failure mechanisms such as corrosion, fatigue, and wear will be reviewed, together with experimental techniques for monitoring them, either in vitro or in vivo. Procedures for implant retrieval and analysis will be presented. A variety of biomaterials (stainless steels, titanium and its alloys, nitinol, magnesium alloys, polyethylene, biodegradable polymers, silicone gel, hydrogels, calcium phosphates) and medical devices (orthopedic and dental implants, stents, heart valves, breast implants) will be analyzed in detail. The book will serve as a broad reference source for graduate students and researchers studying biomedicine, corrosion, surface science, and electrochemistry.

National Educators' Workshop: Update 1997. Standard Experiments in Engineering Materials, Science, and Technology

National Educators' Workshop: Update 1997. Standard Experiments in Engineering Materials, Science, and Technology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :641
  • ISBN : NASA:31769000473705
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Summary :

Biodegradable Metals

Biodegradable Metals
  • Author : Hendra Hermawan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-15
  • Total pages :69
  • ISBN : 9783642311703
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Summary : This book in the emerging research field of biomaterials covers biodegradable metals for biomedical applications. The book contains two main parts where each of them consists of three chapters. The first part introduces the readers to the field of metallic biomaterials, exposes the state of the art of biodegradable metals, and reveals its application for cardiovascular implants. Some fundamental aspects to give basic understanding on metals for further review on the degradable ones is covered in chapter one. The second chapter introduces the concept of biodegradable metals, it's state of the art and discuses a shifted paradigm from inert to bioactive, from corrosion resistant to corrodible metals. The third chapter focuses on the challenges and opportunities of using biodegradable metals for cardiovascular applications. The second part exposes an example of biodegradable metals from its concept to applications where a complete study on metallic biodegradable stent is detailed from materials design, development, testing till the implant fabrication. The forth chapter reveals new alloys development devoted for metallic biodegradable stent based on required criteria derrived from clinical needs and current nondegradable stents properties. Degradation of the alloys in simulated arterial conditions and its effect to cells are exposed in chapter five. The both chapters are concluded with a benchmarking of some more recent researches on materials development and testing for biodegradable stents. Chapter six reveals the tranformation process of the materials into stent prototypes where a standard process for making 316L stainless steel stents was followed. The book is completed by a perspective on the use of biodegradable metals for biomedical applications in the era of tissue engineering.

Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
  • Author : Subhas Kundu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-24
  • Total pages :582
  • ISBN : 9780857097064
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Summary : Silk is increasingly being used as a biomaterial for tissue engineering applications, as well as sutures, due to its unique mechanical and chemical properties. Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine discusses the properties of silk that make it useful for medical purposes and its applications in this area. Part one introduces silk biomaterials, discussing their fundamentals and how they are processed, and considering different types of silk biomaterials. Part two focuses on the properties and behavior of silk biomaterials and the implications of this for their applications in biomedicine. These chapters focus on topics including biodegradation, bio-response to silk sericin, and capillary growth behavior in porous silk films. Finally, part three discusses the applications of silk biomaterials for tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, and biomedicine, with chapters on the use of silk biomaterials for vertebral, dental, dermal, and cardiac tissue engineering. Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine is an important resource for materials and tissue engineering scientists, R&D departments in industry and academia, and academics with an interest in the fields of biomaterials and tissue engineering. Discusses the properties and applications of silk for medical purposes Considers pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical applications

Water Pollution Control and Abatement

Water Pollution Control and Abatement
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations. Natural Resources and Power Subcommittee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1964
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : LOC:0011872883A
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Summary :