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Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts

Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts
  • Author : Christopher W. Schmidt, PhD,James T. Watson, PhD
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-15
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9780128155998
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Summary : Teeth wear down as they are used for a number of functions in life including mastication and non-masticatory activities, such as using them as tools to hold objects in the mouth. Dental wear has been studied for decades at both macroscopic and microscopic levels. However, to date, no volume has been produced that is devoted specifically to dental wear. Dental Wear in Evolutionary and Biocultural Contexts provides a single source that disseminates current state-of-the-art research regarding dental wear across a variety of hominoid species, and under a number of temporal and spatial contexts. The volume begins with a brief introductory chapter addressing the general history, understandings, and approaches to the study of dental wear. The remaining chapters in the first half of the volume are dedicated to dental macrowear, and the chapters in second half are dedicated to dental microwear. The primary audience for this volume are students and professionals in anthropology, specifically paleoanthropologists, bioarchaeologists, archaeologists, and primatologists. It may also be attractive to dentists and other dental professionals interested in dental function. Covers a wide range of topics including method and theory, macrowear and microwear in primates and fossil hominins Highlights several recent technological innovations, including occlusal fingerprinting, considerations of enamel mechanical properties, and microwear texture Includes case studies from archaeological populations

A World View of Bioculturally Modified Teeth

A World View of Bioculturally Modified Teeth
  • Author : Scott E. Burnett,Joel D. Irish
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 0813054834
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Summary : Tooth modification is the longest-lasting type of body modification and the most widespread in the archaeological record. It has been practiced throughout many time periods and on every occupied continent and conveys information about individual people, their societies, and their relationships to others. This necessary volume presents the wide spectrum of intentional dental modification in humans across the globe over the past 16,000 years. These essays draw on research from the Americas, Africa, Asia, Oceania, and Europe. Through archaeological studies, historical and ethnographic sources, and observations of contemporary people, contributors examine instances of tooth filing, notching, inlays, dyeing, and removal. They discuss how to distinguish between these purposeful modifications of teeth and normal wear and tear or disease while demonstrating what patterns of tooth modification can reveal about people and their cultures in the past and present. A volume in the series Bioarchaeological Interpretations of the Human Past: Local, Regional, and Global Perspectives, edited by Clark Spencer LarsenContributors: Verner Alexandersen | Myrtati D. Artaria | Sarah B. Barber | Katelyn L. Bolhofner | Julie A. Bukowski | Scott E. Burnett | Dawn E. Cobb | Andrea Cucina | Isabelle De Groote | Kate Domett | Michele Toomay Douglas | Arthur C. Durband | L.J. Friedling | Cristina García M. | Amanda R. Harvey | Kristin M. Hedman | Louise T. Humphrey | Joel D. Irish | Arthur A. Joyce | Adam Lauer | Christine Lee | Kuang-ti Li | Jolie Liston | Niels Lynnerup | Arion T. Mayes | George R. Milner | Jennifer Newton | Colin Pardoe | Nicolette Parr | Evan Pellegrini | Michael Pietrusewsky | Marco Ramírez-Salomón | E. Melanie Ryan | G. Richard Scott | Vera Tiesler | Andrew R. Thompson | Cheng-hwa Tsang | Christy G. Turner II | Cherie Walth | James T. Watson

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth
  • Author : G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-06
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 0521784530
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Summary : A global study of dental variation offering insights into modern human origins.

Bioarchaeology

Bioarchaeology
  • Author : Clark Spencer Larsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-30
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 9780521838696
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Summary : A synthetic treatment of the study of human remains from archaeological contexts for current and future generations of bioarchaeologists.

The Art of Being Human

The Art of Being Human
  • Author : Michael Wesch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-07
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 1724963678
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Summary : Anthropology is the study of all humans in all times in all places. But it is so much more than that. "Anthropology requires strength, valor, and courage," Nancy Scheper-Hughes noted. "Pierre Bourdieu called anthropology a combat sport, an extreme sport as well as a tough and rigorous discipline. ... It teaches students not to be afraid of getting one's hands dirty, to get down in the dirt, and to commit yourself, body and mind. Susan Sontag called anthropology a "heroic" profession." What is the payoff for this heroic journey? You will find ideas that can carry you across rivers of doubt and over mountains of fear to find the the light and life of places forgotten. Real anthropology cannot be contained in a book. You have to go out and feel the world's jagged edges, wipe its dust from your brow, and at times, leave your blood in its soil. In this unique book, Dr. Michael Wesch shares many of his own adventures of being an anthropologist and what the science of human beings can tell us about the art of being human. This special first draft edition is a loose framework for more and more complete future chapters and writings. It serves as a companion to anth101.com, a free and open resource for instructors of cultural anthropology. This 2018 text is a revision of the "first draft edition" from 2017 and includes 7 new chapters.

Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series

Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015041146914
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Summary :

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth
  • Author : G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner II,Grant C. Townsend,María Martinón-Torres
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-15
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9781107174412
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Summary : Complete guide to genetics, evolution, and variation in human tooth crown and root morphology in modern and fossil Homo sapiens.

Advanced Operative Dentistry E-Book

Advanced Operative Dentistry E-Book
  • Author : David Ricketts,David W. Bartlett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-05-16
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780702046971
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Summary : This Elsevier title is a Pageburst product which provides you with the printed volume PLUS an e-book. Pageburst (formerly Evolve eBooks) allows you to quickly search the entire book, make notes, add highlights, and study more efficiently. Buying other Pageburst titles makes your learning experience even better: all of the eBooks will work together on your electronic 'bookshelf' so that you can search across your entire electronic library. Advanced Operative Dentistry: A Practical Approach is a brand new volume that addresses the use of fixed prosthodontics in a single handy reference source. Prepared by editors and contributors of international renown, this volume places unique emphasis on the biological basis of effective treatment planning by describing the diagnosis, aetiology, risk assessment and preventive management of diseases and disorders and how these factors are integral to predictable long-term patient outcomes. Advanced Operative Dentistry: A Practical Approach also gives clear advice on the selection and use of modern dental materials and describes how teeth are prepared – and to what extent – for indirect restorations such as crowns, bridges, veneers, inlays and onlays. The book also explores the use of complex indirect fixed prosthodontics which brings with it specific issues of restoration design, retention and occlusal management. Recognising that great deal of emphasis is placed on aesthetic dentistry by patient and dentist alike, this text also discusses factors which can impact upon aesthetics and how the aesthetic demands of patients can be met in a realistic and ethical manner. Clearly written and fully illustrated throughout, this practical step-by-step guide will be ideal for undergraduate dental students, vocational trainees and practitioners undertaking post-graduate exams. Prepared by editors and contributors of international renown Contains an abundance of full colour, clinical illustrations to show the results that can be achieved in real life Describes how to achieve the best appearance in order to meet increasing patient expectations Discusses the use of fixed prosthodontics in one volume and how fixed and removable prosthodontics can be integrated Gives unique emphasis on the preventative, biological approach to the use of fixed prosthodontics in order to ensure positive long-term treatment outcomes Clearly illustrates why aspects of tooth preparation are necessary and how the construction of restorations influences their fit Provides an integrated, multidisciplinary step-by-step guide to the provision of indirect fixed restorations Provides guidance on effective communication with laboratory staff to ensure high-quality tooth preparation Describes the correct handling of materials and restorations when being fitted Presents the latest findings regarding the use of contemporary materials and techniques – such as the use of Expasyl, Protemp temporary crowns, CAD and CAM crowns Comprehensive coverage of the subject area makes cross-referencing to other books unnecessary

Dental Anthropology

Dental Anthropology
  • Author : Kurt W. Alt,Friedrich W. Rösing,Maria Teschler-Nicola
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 9783709174968
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Summary : Shelley Saunders This book offers a welcome diversity of topics covering the broader subjects of teeth and the study of teeth by anthropologists. There is an impressive array of coverage here including the history of anthropological study of the teeth, morphology and structure, pathology and epidemiology, the relationship between nutrition, human behavior and the dentition, age and sex estimation from teeth, and geographic and genetic variation. Most chapter authors have provided thorough reviews of their subjects along with examples of recent analytical work and recommendations for future research. North American researchers should particularly appreciate the access to an extensive European literature cited in the individual chapter bibliographies. Physical anthropologists with even a passing interest in dental research should greet the publication of this book with pleasure since it adds to a growing list of books on how the study of teeth can tell us so much about past human populations. In addition to the archaeological applications, there is the forensic objective of dental anthropology which the editors refer to in their introduction which is dealt with in this volume. The chapters dealing with methods of sex determination, age estimation of juveniles and age estimation of adults using the teeth are exhaustive and exacting and of critical importance to both "osteoarchaeologists" and forensic anthropologists. Authors Liversidge, Herdeg and Rosing provide very clear guidelines for the use of dental formation standards in juvenile age estimation, recommendations that are so obviously necessary at this time.

A Neolithic Cemetery in the Northern Dongola Reach

A Neolithic Cemetery in the Northern Dongola Reach
  • Author : Sandro Salvatori,Donatella Usai,Luana Cenci
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105131617354
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Summary : The excavation report of a Neolithic cemetery (at site R2) on the east back of the Nile, the most detailed to date. Chapters look at the grave goods, including pottery, lithic tools, stone gems, and animal remains used both for tools and ornaments, and at the human skeletal and dental remains. Bio-archaeology provides evidence for the diet and health of the population, whilst grave goods offer evidence of chronology and social complexity. Tentative conclusions about the relative roles of hunting, herding and agriculture are offered.

Dental Erosion

Dental Erosion
  • Author : Adrian Lussi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-01
  • Total pages :219
  • ISBN : 9783805580977
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Summary : Erosive tooth wear is a multifactorial condition of growing concern to the clinician and is a subject of extensive research. This book is the first which deals in such detail with dental erosion. It presents the whole spectrum of views on the issue, from the molecular level to behavioral aspects, as well as trends in society. The multifactorial etiological pattern of erosive tooth wear is emphasized and is a strand connecting the different chapters of the book. Definition, diagnosis, prevalence, incidence and chemistry of dental erosion are discussed in the first part of the publication. Further, topics like extrinsic and intrinsic causes of dental erosion are covered and a chapter is devoted to dental erosion in children. Methods of assessment are presented and critically evaluated. The book concludes with themes on dentinal hypersensitivity, risk assessment and preventive measures and restorative options for erosive lesions. This publication is not only highly recommended to faculty members, researchers and dental students, but also to practitioners and other dental professionals who are committed to the prevention and treatment of dental erosion.

Dental Anthropology

Dental Anthropology
  • Author : Simon Hillson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-09-28
  • Total pages :389
  • ISBN : 0521451949
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Summary : Teeth are among the best sources of evidence for both identification purposes and studies of demography, biological relationships, and health in ancient human communities. The anthropologist's specimen may be a cast that a dentist has taken from a living mouth, or actual teeth from an archaeological site or forensic case. This text introduces the complex biology of teeth and provides a practical guide to all essential aspects of dental anthropology, including excavation, identification, microscopic study, and tooth age determination. Dental Anthropology is a concise yet comprehensive resource designed for students and researchers in anthropology and archaeology.

Anthropology of Color

Anthropology of Color
  • Author : Robert E. MacLaury,Galina V. Paramei,Don Dedrick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :485
  • ISBN : 9027232431
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Summary : The field of color categorization has always been intrinsically multi- and inter-disciplinary, since its beginnings in the nineteenth century. The main contribution of this book is to foster a new level of integration among different approaches to the anthropological study of color. The editors have put great effort into bringing together research from anthropology, linguistics, psychology, semiotics, and a variety of other fields, by promoting the exploration of the different but interacting and complementary ways in which these various perspectives model the domain of color experience. By so doing, they significantly promote the emergence of a coherent field of the anthropology of color.

Guts and Brains

Guts and Brains
  • Author : Wil Roebroeks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :277
  • ISBN : 9087280149
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Summary : The human brain and its one hundred billion neurons compose the most complex organ in the body and harness more than 20% of all the energy we produce. Why do we have such large and energy-demanding brains, and how have we been able to afford such an expensive organ for thousands of years? Guts and Brains discusses the key variables at stake in such a question, including the relationship between brain size and diet, diet and social organization, and large brains and the human sexual division of labor. Showcasing how small changes in the diet of early hominins came to have large implications for the behavior of modern humans, this interdisciplinary volume provides an entry for the reader into understanding the development of both early primates and our own species.

The Foragers of Point Hope

The Foragers of Point Hope
  • Author : Charles E. Hilton,Benjamin M. Auerbach,Libby W. Cowgill
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-24
  • Total pages :315
  • ISBN : 9781107022508
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Summary : Sixty years after their discovery, this is the first anthropological synthesis of the ancient Arctic foragers of Point Hope, Alaska.

Health in Past Societies

Health in Past Societies
  • Author : Helen Bush,Marek Zvelebil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1978
  • Total pages :145
  • ISBN : UOM:39015038080274
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Summary :

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains
  • Author : Christopher W. Schmidt,Steven A. Symes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-10
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780080559285
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Summary : This unique reference provides a primary source for osteologists and the medical/legal community for the understanding of burned bone remains in forensic or archaeological contexts. It describes in detail the changes in human bone and soft tissues as a body burns at both the chemical and gross levels and provides an overview of the current procedures in burned bone study. Case studies in forensic and archaeological settings aid those interested in the analysis of burned human bodies, from death scene investigators, to biological anthropologists looking at the recent or ancient dead. Includes the diagnostic patterning of color changes that give insight to the severity of burning, the positioning of the body, and presence (or absence) of soft tissues during the burning event Chapters on bones and teeth give step-by-step recommendations for how to study and recognize burned hard tissues

Cultural Anthropology: 101

Cultural Anthropology: 101
  • Author : Jack David Eller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-11
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9781317550730
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Summary : This concise and accessible introduction establishes the relevance of cultural anthropology for the modern world through an integrated, ethnographically informed approach. The book develops readers’ understanding and engagement by addressing key issues such as: What it means to be human The key characteristics of culture as a concept Relocation and dislocation of peoples The conflict between political, social and ethnic boundaries The concept of economic anthropology Cultural Anthropology: 101 includes case studies from both classic and contemporary ethnography, as well as a comprehensive bibliography and index. It is an essential guide for students approaching this fascinating field for the first time.

The Bioarchaeology of Children

The Bioarchaeology of Children
  • Author : Mary E. Lewis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :255
  • ISBN : 0521836026
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Summary : Publisher Description

Age Estimation

Age Estimation
  • Author : Joe Adserias-Garriga
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-15
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9780128144916
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Summary : Age Estimation: A Multidisciplinary Approach is the only reference in the field covering all techniques and methods involving age estimation from different perspectives. This book provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of age estimation, including aging the living and the dead, human rights, scientific rationale of the estimates, and skeletal, dental age and biochemical techniques and methods. Each chapter is written by internationally known expert contributors, making this book a one-of-a-kind resource for those involved in estimating the age of the living and the dead. Presents a concentration of all techniques and methods involving age estimation in a single volume Provides a multidisciplinary approach that lends itself to researchers, practitioners and students from a variety of different fields Includes contributions by world renowned forensic specialists

The First Humans

The First Humans
  • Author : Frederick E. Grine,John G Fleagle,Richard E. Leakey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05-24
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 1402099800
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Summary : There are some issues in human paleontology that seem to be timeless. Most deal with the origin and early evolution of our own genus – something about which we should care. Some of these issues pertain to taxonomy and systematics. How many species of Homo were there in the Pliocene and Pleistocene? How do we identify the earliest members the genus Homo? If there is more than one Plio-Pleistocene species, how do they relate to one another, and where and when did they evolve? Other issues relate to questions about body size, proportions and the functional adaptations of the locomotor skeleton. When did the human postcranial “Bauplan” evolve, and for what reasons? What behaviors (and what behavioral limitations) can be inferred from the postcranial bones that have been attributed to Homo habilis and Homo erectus? Still other issues relate to growth, development and life history strategies, and the biological and archeological evidence for diet and behavior in early Homo. It is often argued that dietary change played an important role in the origin and early evolution of our genus, with stone tools opening up scavenging and hunting opportunities that would have added meat protein to the diet of Homo. Still other issues relate to the environmental and climatic context in which this genus evolved.