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Desalination in Nuclear Power Plants

Desalination in Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Gustavo Alonso,Edmundo del Valle,Jose Ramon Ramirez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9780128200216
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Summary : Desalination in Nuclear Power Plants presents the latest research on a variety of nuclear desalination techniques for different nuclear reactor systems; it includes also several aspects regarding competitiveness, sustainability, safety, and licensing process. Authors Alonso, del Valle, and Ramirez explore the possibilities of the cogeneration of water and electricity using a nuclear reactor. This book consolidates the latest research to provide readers with a clear understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of the thermal, membrane, and hybrid desalination processes, along with a comprehensive methodology to guide the reader on how to perform levelized cost analyses for water and electricity. The conditions for the coupling of nuclear reactors and desalination plants are presented, and techniques to maximize water and energy production and to reduce their corresponding costs are provided. Mathematical modeling techniques for different components of the power plant are also included based on mass and energy state equations, as well as different steam currents alternatives for coupling along with a proposed method for their evaluation.

Integration of Large Nuclear Power Plants with Desalination Plant

Integration of Large Nuclear Power Plants with Desalination Plant
  • Author : A. I. Churin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1970
  • Total pages :18
  • ISBN : OCLC:929832407
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Desalination in Nuclear Power Plants

Desalination in Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : Gustavo Alonso,Edmundo Del Valle,Jose Ramon Ramirez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-07
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 9780128226445
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Summary : Desalination in Nuclear Power Plants presents the latest research on a variety of nuclear desalination techniques for different nuclear reactor systems; it includes also several aspects regarding competitiveness, sustainability, safety, and licensing process. Authors Alonso, del Valle, and Ramirez explore the possibilities of the cogeneration of water and electricity using a nuclear reactor. This book consolidates the latest research to provide readers with a clear understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of the thermal, membrane, and hybrid desalination processes, along with a comprehensive methodology to guide the reader on how to perform levelized cost analyses for water and electricity. The conditions for the coupling of nuclear reactors and desalination plants are presented, and techniques to maximize water and energy production and to reduce their corresponding costs are provided. Mathematical modeling techniques for different components of the power plant are also included based on mass and energy state equations, as well as different steam currents alternatives for coupling along with a proposed method for their evaluation. Explains nuclear cogeneration in the context of multiobjective optimized methods and their application in the design of a cogeneration system of water and electricity Explores principles to optimize the cogeneration process from an economic and thermal perspective (exergoeconomic analysis) Includes competitiveness, sustainability, safety, and licensing of the nuclear desalination system

Nuclear Desalination of Sea Water

Nuclear Desalination of Sea Water
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :557
  • ISBN : UOM:39015042135643
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Summary :

Introduction of Nuclear Desalination

Introduction of Nuclear Desalination
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :281
  • ISBN : UOM:39015052472811
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Summary : Interest in using nuclear energy for producing potable water has been growing around the world over the past ten years. This book provides guidance for decision makers on introducing nuclear desalination, and describes the steps involved in project implementation. The purpose is to facilitate the introduction of this technology and the sharing of resources amongst interested Member States.

Optimization of the Coupling of Nuclear Reactors and Desalination Systems

Optimization of the Coupling of Nuclear Reactors and Desalination Systems
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :327
  • ISBN : UOM:39015062408540
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Summary : This publication discusses the outcomes of a co-ordinated research programme into the combining of nuclear and desalination technologies, focusing on issues of safety, operational flexibility, reliability, availability and economics. It highlights lessons to be learned and makes suggestions for further research for deployment of nuclear desalination systems.

Cogeneration of Electricity and Potable Water Using The International Reactor Innovative And Secure (IRIS) Design

Cogeneration of Electricity and Potable Water Using The International Reactor Innovative And Secure (IRIS) Design
  • Author : D. T. Ingersoll,G. Alonso,V. I. Kostin,D. Conti,V. Polunichev,J. L. Binder,M. E. Ricotti,Y. K. Panov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :5
  • ISBN : OCLC:316446822
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Summary : The worldwide demand for potable water has been steadily growing and is projected to accelerate, driven by a continued population growth and industrialization of emerging countries. This growth is reflected in a recent market survey by the World Resources Institute, which shows a doubling in the installed capacity of seawater desalination plants every ten years. The production of desalinated water is energy intensive, requiring approximately 3-6 kWh/m3 of produced desalted water. At current U.S. water use rates, a dedicated 1000 MW power plant for every one million people would be required to meet our water needs with desalted water. Nuclear energy plants are attractive for large scale desalination application. The thermal energy produced in a nuclear plant can provide both electricity and desalted water without the production of greenhouse gases. A particularly attractive option for nuclear desalination is to couple a desalination plant with an advanced, modular, passively safe reactor design. The use of small-to-medium sized nuclear power plants allows for countries with smaller electrical grid needs and infrastructure to add new electrical and water capacity in more appropriate increments and allows countries to consider siting plants at a broader number of distributed locations. To meet these needs, a modified version of the International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS) nuclear power plant design has been developed for the cogeneration of electricity and desalted water. The modular, passively safe features of IRIS make it especially well adapted for this application. Furthermore, several design features of the IRIS reactor will ensure a safe and reliable source of energy and water even for countries with limited nuclear power experience and infrastructure. The IRIS-D design utilizes low-quality steam extracted from the low-pressure turbine to boil seawater in a multi-effect distillation desalination plant. The desalination plant is based on the horizontal tube film evaporation design used successfully with the BN-350 nuclear plant in Aktau, Kazakhstan. Parametric studies have been performed to optimize the balance of plant design. Also, an economic analysis has been performed, which shows that IRIS-D should be able to provide electricity and clean water at highly competitive costs.

Status of Nuclear Desalination in IAEA Member States

Status of Nuclear Desalination in IAEA Member States
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :73
  • ISBN : UOM:39015069231556
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Summary : This report discusses recent developments in nuclear seawater desalination technologies in IAEA member states and related IAEA activities. It looks at advances in design and coupling schemes, cost reduction approaches, techno-economic feasibility studies in member states and the socioeconomic and environmental benefits of nuclear power driven desalination plants.

Nuclear Energy for Water Desalting

Nuclear Energy for Water Desalting
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1965
  • Total pages :22
  • ISBN : UOM:39015095050400
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Summary : Included are 120 references to publications on the use of nuclear energy in the production of potable water from saline or brackish waters. The uses of nuclear reactors, radioisotopic heat sources, and nuclear explosives are covered in relation to the various possible desalination methods available. Author and report number--availability indexes are included.

Exergetic, Energetic and Environmental Dimensions

Exergetic, Energetic and Environmental Dimensions
  • Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Can Ozgur Colpan,Onder Kizilkan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-06
  • Total pages :1116
  • ISBN : 9780128137352
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Summary : This edited book looks at recent studies on interdisciplinary research related to exergy, energy, and the environment. This topic is of prime significance – there is a strong need for practical solutions through better design, analysis and assessment in order to achieve better efficiency, environment and sustainability. Exergetic, Energetic and Environmental Dimensions covers a number of topics ranging from thermodynamic optimization of energy systems, to the environmental impact assessment and clean energy, offering readers a comprehensive reference on analysis, modeling, development, experimental investigation, and improvement of many micro to macro systems and applications, ranging from basic to advanced categories. Its comprehensive content includes: Comprehensive coverage of development of systems considering exergy, energy, and environmental issues, along with the most up-to-date information in the area, plus recent developments New developments in the area of exergy, including recent debate involving the shaping of future directions and priorities for better environment, sustainable development and energy security Provides a number of illustrative examples, practical applications, and case studies Introduces recently developed technological and strategic solutions and engineering applications for professionals in the area Provides numerous engineering examples and applications on exergy Offers a variety of problems that foster critical thinking and skill development

Fresh Water from Saline Waters

Fresh Water from Saline Waters
  • Author : Philip Sporn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :48
  • ISBN : 9781483185859
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Summary : Fresh Water from Saline Waters: The Political, Social, Engineering and Economic Aspects of Desalination examines the political, social, engineering and economic aspects of desalination, with emphasis on the recovery of fresh water from saline waters. The feasibility of combining power generation and distillation is discussed. This book begins with an overview of the history and some basic concepts of desalination, a process that involves artificially taking away or removing the salt from salted water or from sea water. It then presents a brief overall perspective on water supply and its uses in the United States, along with an explanation of the technical principles of distillation with particular reference to evaporation, freezing, and electrodialysis. The desalination process known as multi-stage flash distillation is also considered, together with the principles of combining power generation and distillation and the thermodynamic basis of this integration. The book concludes with an analysis of the economics of nuclear power plants and nuclear heat for distillation. This monograph will be useful for undergraduate students, practitioners, and researchers in engineering, economics, politics, and social sciences.

New Technologies for Seawater Desalination Using Nuclear Energy

New Technologies for Seawater Desalination Using Nuclear Energy
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-11
  • Total pages :171
  • ISBN : 9201001150
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Summary :

Desalination Abstracts

Desalination Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1982
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCAL:B3746900
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Summary :

Seawater Desalination

Seawater Desalination
  • Author : Andrea Cipollina,Giorgio Micale,Lucio Rizzuti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-24
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 3642011500
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Summary : A growing proportion of the world’s population is dependent on Seawater Desalination as a source of fresh water for both potable and civil use. One of the main drawbacks of conventional desalination technologies is the substantial energy requirement, which is facing cost increases in the global energy market. "Seawater Desalination" presents an overview of conventional and non-conventional technologies, with a particular focus on the coupling of renewable energies with desalination processes. The first section of this book presents, in a technical but reader-friendly way, an overview of currently-used desalination processes, from thermal to membrane processes, highlighting the relevant technical features, advantages and disadvantages, and development potential. It also gives a rapid insight into the economic aspects of fresh water production from seawater. The second section of the book presents novel processes which use Renewable Energies for fresh water production. From the first solar still evaporators, which artificially reproduced the natural cycle of water, technology has progressed to develop complex systems to harness energy from the sun, wind, tides, waves, etc. and then to use this energy to power conventional or novel desalination processes. Most of these processes are still at a preliminary stage of development, but some are already being cited as examples in remote areas, where they are proving to be valuable in solving the problems of water scarcity. A rapid growth in these technologies is foreseen in the coming years. This book provides a unique foundation, within the context of present and future sustainability, for professionals, technicians, managers, and private and public institutions operating in the area of fresh water supply.

Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Sustainable Desalination Handbook
  • Author : Gnaneswar Gude
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-07
  • Total pages :594
  • ISBN : 9780128094969
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Summary : Sustainable Desalination Handbook: Plant Selection, Design and Implementation provides the comprehensive knowledge base required for efficient and sustainable process design for existing and new desalination plants around the world. This valuable resource for understanding and utilizing the most recent developments in desalination technologies and methods addresses the necessary components, including process design and implementation, operational strategies, and novel discoveries that minimize environmental impacts. In addition, the book features essential illustrations, operational details, issues and potential solutions and sustainable management strategies for present and future desalination plants. Explains plant design and process selection criteria for each desalination process Presents international regulations and permitting for intake and discharge locations, design and disposal Provides energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination, energy storage and optimization Includes case studies of recent desalination projects and process design

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization
  • Author : Salah Ud-Din Khan,Alexander V. Nakhabov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-29
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9780128184837
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Summary : Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization presents the theory and principles of the most common advanced nuclear reactor systems and provides a context for the value and utilization of nuclear power in a variety of applications both inside and outside a traditional nuclear setting. As countries across the globe realize their plans for a sustainable energy future, the need for innovative nuclear reactor design is increasing, and this book will provide a deep understanding of how these technologies can aid in a region's goal for clean and reliable energy. Dr Khan and Dr Nakhabov, alongside their team of expert contributors, discuss a variety of important topics, including nuclear fuel cycles, plant decommissioning and hybrid energy systems, while considering a variety of diverse uses such as nuclear desalination, hydrogen generation and radioisotope production. Knowledge acquired enables the reader to conduct further research in academia and industry, and apply the latest design, development, integration, safety and economic guidance to their work and research. Combines reactor fundamentals with a contemporary look at evolving trends in the design of advanced reactors and their application to both nuclear and non-nuclear uses Analyses the latest research and uses of hybrid systems which bring together nuclear technology with renewable energy technologies Presents applications, economic factors and an analysis of sustainability factors in one comprehensive resource

Nuclear Desalination

Nuclear Desalination
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1969
  • Total pages :941
  • ISBN : UOM:39015003388744
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Summary :

Market for Nuclear Desalination Systems in China and India

Market for Nuclear Desalination Systems in China and India
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:611681127
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Summary : Growth of population, affluence, industrialization and urbanization drive both the demand for fresh water and the demand for electric energy upwards. China and India with their large and growing populations and quick industrialization are markets with large unmet demand for electric energy and fresh water. Literature often suggests that fresh water crisis is a major threat to sustainable development in 21st century. Nuclear desalination systems are power plants based on small nuclear power generating units connected to a desalination unit. Nuclear desalination systems are capable of cogenerating electricity and fresh water at low cost. This paper identifies market opportunities for nuclear desalination systems and forecasts the demand for nuclear desalination systems in China and India from 2008 to 2030.

Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy: Small and medium power reactors, desalination and agro-industrial complexes; role of research reactors; impact of nuclear energy in developing countries

Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy: Small and medium power reactors, desalination and agro-industrial complexes; role of research reactors; impact of nuclear energy in developing countries
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1972
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : WISC:89031664949
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Fresh Water from the Sea

Fresh Water from the Sea
  • Author : International symposium on fresh water from the sea (1964. Milan),Federazione delle associazioni scientifiche e tecniche,Fiera internazionale di Milano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1965
  • Total pages :179
  • ISBN : UOM:39015006902111
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Feasibility of Offshore Dual-purpose Nuclear Power and Desalination Plants

Feasibility of Offshore Dual-purpose Nuclear Power and Desalination Plants
  • Author : H. G. Arnold,W. R. Gall,G. Morris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1966
  • Total pages :104
  • ISBN : OCLC:36318580
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Summary :