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Membrane and Desalination Technologies

Membrane and Desalination Technologies
  • Author : Lawrence K. Wang,Jiaping Paul Chen,Yung-Tse Hung,Nazih K. Shammas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-01
  • Total pages :716
  • ISBN : 1597452785
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Summary : In this essential new volume, Volume 13: Membrane and Desalination Technologies, a panel of expert researchers provide a wealth of information on membrane and desalination technologies. An advanced chemical and environmental engineering textbook as well as a comprehensive reference book, this volume is of high value to advanced graduate and undergraduate students, researchers, scientists, and designers of water and wastewater treatment systems. This is an essential part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series, an incredible collection of methodologies that study the effects of pollution and waste in their three basic forms: gas, solid, and liquid. Chapters adopt the series format, employing methods of practical design and calculation illustrated by numerical examples, including pertinent cost data whenever possible, and exploring in great detail the fundamental principles of the field. Volume 13: Membrane and Desalination Technologies is an essential guide for researchers, highlighting the latest developments in principles of membrane technology, membrane systems planning and design, industrial and municipal waste treatments, desalination requirements, wastewater reclamation, biofiltration, and more.

Desalination Technology

Desalination Technology
  • Author : Joseph Cotruvo,Nikolay Voutchkov,John Fawell,Pierre Payment,David Cunliffe,Sabine Lattemann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-17
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9781439859841
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Summary : Desalination Technology: Health and Environmental Impacts covers the latest developments in desalination, examining the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies. Written by international experts, the text presents specifications for assessing water quality, technical issues associated with desalination technologies, and the chemical aspects of desalinated water and its microbiology. The book also discusses environmental protection issues that assist in the optimization of proposed and existing desalination facilities to ensure that nations and consumers enjoy the benefits of the expanded access to desalinated water. This includes coverage of health and environmental issues such as energy conservation and sustainability as well as protection of delicate coastal ecosystems and groundwater from contamination by surface disposal of concentrates—challenges that must be addressed during the design, construction, and operation of a desalination facility. Development of new and improved desalinization technologies, including major cost reduction trends, have significantly broadened the opportunities to access large quantities of safe water in many parts of the world. And while there are many books available on desalination, this book’s unusual approach blends technical coverage of the latest technologies with coverage of the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies, setting it apart from other resources. It provides technical guidance based on the practical expertise of a balanced group of international scientists and engineers.

Using desalination technologies for water treatment

Using desalination technologies for water treatment
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :66
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D00503104T
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Summary :

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook
  • Author : Gnaneswar Gude
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-01
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : 9780128167120
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Summary : Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook provides professionals and researchers with the latest treatment activities in the advancement of desalination technology. The book enables municipalities and private companies to custom-design sustainable desalination plants that will minimize discharge, energy costs and environmental footprint. Individual case studies are included to illustrate the benefits and drawback of each technique. Sections discuss a multitude of recently developed, advanced processes, along with notable advances made in existing technologies. These processes include adsorption, forward osmosis, humidification and dehumidification, membrane distillation, pervaporation and spray type thermal processes. In addition, theoretical membrane materials, such as nanocomposite and carbon nanotube membranes are also explored. Other chapters cover the desalination of shale gas, produced water, forward osmosis for agriculture, desalination for crop irrigation, and seawater for sustainable agriculture. International in its coverage, the chapters of this handbook are contributed by leading authors and researchers in all relevant fields. Expertly explains recent advances in sustainable desalination technology, including nanocomposite membranes, carbon nanotube membranes, forward reverse osmosis and desalination by pervaporation Provides state-of-the-art techniques for minimizing system discharge, energy cost and environmental footprint Includes individual case studies to illustrate the benefits and drawbacks of each technique Discusses techniques for the custom-design of sustainable desalination plants for municipalities, private companies and industrial operations

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination
  • Author : Hacene Mahmoudi,Noreddine Ghaffour,Mattheus F.A. Goosen,Jochen Bundschuh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-14
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9781317287445
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Summary : The book presents a thorough overview of the latest trends and challenges in renewable energy technologies applications for water desalination, with an emphasis on environmental concerns and sustainable development. Emphasis is on the various uses of renewable energy, as well as economics & scale-up, government subsidies & regulations, and environmental concerns. It provides an indication on how renewable energy technologies are rapidly emerging with the promise of economic and environmental viability for desalination. Further it gives a clear indication on how exactly to accelerate the expansion and commercialization of novel water production systems powered by renewable energies and in what manner environmental concerns may be minimized. This book is all-inclusive and wide-ranging and directed at decision makers in government, industry and the academic world as well as students.

An Assessment of Certain Avenues of Improvement for Nuclear Desalination Technology

An Assessment of Certain Avenues of Improvement for Nuclear Desalination Technology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1964
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015087103894
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Summary :

Desalination:

Desalination:
  • Author : Committee on Advancing Desalination Technology,Water Science and Technology Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-08-14
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 030913434X
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Summary : There has been an exponential increase in desalination capacity both globally and nationally since 1960, fueled in part by growing concern for local water scarcity and made possible to a great extent by a major federal investment for desalination research and development. Traditional sources of supply are increasingly expensive, unavailable, or controversial, but desalination technology offers the potential to substantially reduce water scarcity by converting the almost inexhaustible supply of seawater and the apparently vast quantities of brackish groundwater into new sources of freshwater. Desalination assesses the state of the art in relevant desalination technologies, and factors such as cost and implementation challenges. It also describes reasonable long-term goals for advancing desalination technology, posits recommendations for action and research, estimates the funding necessary to support the proposed research agenda, and identifies appropriate roles for governmental and nongovernmental entities.

Solar Energy Desalination Technology

Solar Energy Desalination Technology
  • Author : Hongfei Zheng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-20
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 9780128094228
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Summary : Solar Energy Desalination Technology explains how to obtain clean water from sea water using solar energy. Special methods and types used in solar desalination are introduced, providing new thoughts, concepts, and feasible solutions in the desalination field, along with the thermal and economic efficiency relating to current technology. Many places in the world are suffering from fresh water shortage. However, those places are often rich with solar resources, sea water, and/or brackish water resources that could dramatically benefit from solar energy as a viable solution for the production of fresh water. Explains the principles of solar thermal energy usage to produce clean water from sea water Introduces and explains new kinds of solar desalination systems, including their technical level and working principle Provides fundamental knowledge on water treatment and solar collection

Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Sustainable Desalination Handbook
  • Author : Gnaneswar Gude
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-07
  • Total pages :594
  • ISBN : 9780128094969
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Summary : Sustainable Desalination Handbook: Plant Selection, Design and Implementation provides the comprehensive knowledge base required for efficient and sustainable process design for existing and new desalination plants around the world. This valuable resource for understanding and utilizing the most recent developments in desalination technologies and methods addresses the necessary components, including process design and implementation, operational strategies, and novel discoveries that minimize environmental impacts. In addition, the book features essential illustrations, operational details, issues and potential solutions and sustainable management strategies for present and future desalination plants. Explains plant design and process selection criteria for each desalination process Presents international regulations and permitting for intake and discharge locations, design and disposal Provides energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination, energy storage and optimization Includes case studies of recent desalination projects and process design

Desalination Water Supply Shortage Prevention Act and Water Supply Technology Program Act

Desalination Water Supply Shortage Prevention Act and Water Supply Technology Program Act
  • Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :91
  • ISBN : PSU:000058168905
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Summary :

Water and Sustainable Development

Water and Sustainable Development
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Chemical Sciences Roundtable
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-05-14
  • Total pages :106
  • ISBN : 0309166071
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Summary : Experts in the areas of water science and chemistry from the government, industry, and academic arenas discussed ways to maximize opportunities for these disciplines to work together to develop and apply simple technologies while addressing some of the world’s key water and health problems. Since global water challenges cross both scientific disciplines, the chemical sciences have the ability to be a key player in improving the lives of billions of people around the world.

Desalination and Water Treatment

Desalination and Water Treatment
  • Author : Murat Eyvaz,Ebubekir Yüksel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-19
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9781789237580
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Summary : The need for fresh water is increasing with the rapid growth of the world's population. In countries and regions with available water resources, it is necessary to ensure the health and safety of the water supply. However, in countries and regions with limited freshwater resources, priority is given to water supply plans and projects, among which the desalination strategy stands out. In the desalination process, membrane and thermal processes are used to obtain fresh water from salty water that is in abundant amounts in the sea. This book will outline valuable scientific contributions to the new desalination and water treatment technologies to obtain high quality water with low negative environmental impacts and cost. The editors would like to record their sincere thanks to the authors for their contributions.

Desalination Technology Evaluation

Desalination Technology Evaluation
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : IND:30000039924232
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Summary :

Corrosion and Fouling Control in Desalination Industry

Corrosion and Fouling Control in Desalination Industry
  • Author : Viswanathan S. Saji,Abdelkader A. Meroufel,Ahmad A. Sorour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-05
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 9783030342845
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Summary : This book addresses two critical problems that plague materials that make up components in both desalination and cooling water systems: corrosion, and fouling. The book addresses various types and components of industrial desalination technologies with solutions for controlling corrosion, scaling and biofouling. Issues unique to desalination systems, vital for the production of clean water, are considered as well. Green technologies are discussed throughout, along with environmental and economic considerations. The book presents solutions to the problems encountered by internal and external parts of these systems and will aid professionals that design, operate, and maintain them. It will be valuable to professionals in the materials, corrosion, electrochemical and wastewater industries, as well as chemical engineers. Addresses the corrosion issues facing the conventional and modern water desalination systems; Discusses the causes and remediation of problems caused by corrosion, scaling, and biofouling in water treatment; Offers green solutions, thereby minimizing environmental impact while increasing control and productivity of water systems; Suitable for professionals working with water desalination plants, materials scientists and corrosion engineers.

Solar Desalination Technology

Solar Desalination Technology
  • Author : Anil Kumar,Om Prakash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-23
  • Total pages :357
  • ISBN : 9789811368875
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Summary : This book presents the latest developments and advances in solar desalination technology, including the concept, design, testing, modeling, economics and innovation. The chapters in this volume are contributed by leading international researchers and are based on original research material. The contents of this volume will be of interest to researchers, professionals, and policymakers alike.

Seawater Desalination

Seawater Desalination
  • Author : Andrea Cipollina,Giorgio Micale,Lucio Rizzuti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-24
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 3642011500
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Summary : A growing proportion of the world’s population is dependent on Seawater Desalination as a source of fresh water for both potable and civil use. One of the main drawbacks of conventional desalination technologies is the substantial energy requirement, which is facing cost increases in the global energy market. "Seawater Desalination" presents an overview of conventional and non-conventional technologies, with a particular focus on the coupling of renewable energies with desalination processes. The first section of this book presents, in a technical but reader-friendly way, an overview of currently-used desalination processes, from thermal to membrane processes, highlighting the relevant technical features, advantages and disadvantages, and development potential. It also gives a rapid insight into the economic aspects of fresh water production from seawater. The second section of the book presents novel processes which use Renewable Energies for fresh water production. From the first solar still evaporators, which artificially reproduced the natural cycle of water, technology has progressed to develop complex systems to harness energy from the sun, wind, tides, waves, etc. and then to use this energy to power conventional or novel desalination processes. Most of these processes are still at a preliminary stage of development, but some are already being cited as examples in remote areas, where they are proving to be valuable in solving the problems of water scarcity. A rapid growth in these technologies is foreseen in the coming years. This book provides a unique foundation, within the context of present and future sustainability, for professionals, technicians, managers, and private and public institutions operating in the area of fresh water supply.

Marine Environmental Impact of Seawater Desalination

Marine Environmental Impact of Seawater Desalination
  • Author : Nurit Kress
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-15
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9780128119532
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Summary : Marine Environmental Impact of Seawater Desalination: Science, Management and Policy combines existing studies with the personal research of the author into a unified work describing the effects of seawater desalination on marine environments. In particular, the book identifies knowledge gaps and recommends future research paths that may be taken. The book covers the current and emerging desalination processes, how environmental factors impact desalination operations and the historical and potential impacts of seawater desalination on the marine environment. This book is ideal as a reference for engineers and developers working towards mitigation and prevention of environmental impacts. In addition, scientists and researchers in environmental studies programs, as well as regulators and decision makers will find the data presented in the book to be useful as a guide for building and operating desalination plants. Provides a multidisciplinary approach to help readers understand the environmental impact of seawater desalination on the marine environment Presents environmental effects based on real data, helping the reader improve processes and mitigate effects Includes possible future effects, thus directing the reader towards important research issues

Thermal Solar Desalination

Thermal Solar Desalination
  • Author : Vassilis Belessiotis,Soteris Kalogirou,Emmy Delyannis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-28
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9780128097823
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Summary : Thermal Solar Desalination: Methods and Systems presents numerous thermal seawater desalination technologies varying from the very simple, easy to construct and operate solar stills, to the more advance membrane and indirect distillation methods. All types of solar thermal desalination technologies are presented in detail to enable readers to comprehend the subject, from design details to enabling further research to be carried out in this area. The various units used in desalination are outlined, along with diagrams of all detailed working principles of desalination methods and systems. The authors consider the economic aspects of these processes, demonstrating successful implementation of desalination units suitable for areas where supplies of fresh water in natural ways is limited or non-existent. Includes detailed descriptions and design of all types of solar thermal desalination systems Lists a comprehensive record of seawater and fresh water thermophysical properties required in the design of desalination systems Contains equations to calculate and analyze the performance of the processes examined and assesses their practicality and application

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook
  • Author : Gnaneswar Gude
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-08
  • Total pages :622
  • ISBN : 9780128154281
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Summary : Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook: Applications and Thermodynamics offers a practical handbook on the use of renewable technologies to produce freshwater using sustainable methods. Sections cover the different renewable technologies currently used in the field, including solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear desalination. This coverage is followed by an equally important clear and rigorous discussion of energy recovery and the thermodynamics of desalination processes. While seawater desalination can provide a climate-independent source of drinking water, the process is energy-intensive and environmentally damaging. This book provides readers with the latest methods, processes, and technologies available for utilizing renewable energy applications as a valuable technology. Desalination based on the use of renewable energy sources can provide a sustainable way to produce fresh water. It is expected to become economically attractive as the costs of renewable technologies continue to decline and the prices of fossil fuels continue to increase. Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination and energy storage and optimization Includes energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Elaborates on the principles of thermodynamics and second law efficiencies to improve process performance, including solar desalination Explains global applicability of solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear energy sources with case studies Discusses renewable energy-desalinated water optimization schemes for island communities

Desalination Technology

Desalination Technology
  • Author : Andrew Porteous
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822010026060
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Summary :

Low Grade Heat Driven Multi-Effect Distillation and Desalination

Low Grade Heat Driven Multi-Effect Distillation and Desalination
  • Author : Hui Tong Chua,Bijan Rahimi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-01
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780128052709
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Summary : Low Grade Heat Driven Multi-effect Distillation and Desalination describes the development of advanced multi-effect evaporation technologies that are driven by low grade sensible heat, including process waste heat in refineries, heat rejection from diesel generators or microturbines, and solar and geothermal energy. The technologies discussed can be applied to desalination in remote areas, purifying produced water in oil-and-gas industries, and to re-concentrate process liquor in refineries. This book is ideal for researchers, engineering scientists, graduate students, and industrial practitioners working in the desalination, petrochemical, and mineral refining sectors, helping them further understand the technologies and opportunities that relate to their respective industries. For researchers and graduate students, the core enabling ideas in the book will provide insights and open up new horizons in thermal engineering. Focuses on advanced, yet practical, distillation technologies using low-grade sensible heat Explains the new design paradigm that must accompany the development of technologies Contains key experimental data that serves to prove the core concepts that underpin the new technologies Covers extensive thermo-economic analyses of the technologies, the price point for adoption, capital cost comparison with existing technologies, operating costs, and net present values