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Membrane and Desalination Technologies

Membrane and Desalination Technologies
  • Author : Lawrence K. Wang,Jiaping Paul Chen,Yung-Tse Hung,Nazih K. Shammas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-01
  • Total pages :716
  • ISBN : 9781597452786
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Summary : In this essential new volume, Volume 13: Membrane and Desalination Technologies, a panel of expert researchers provide a wealth of information on membrane and desalination technologies. An advanced chemical and environmental engineering textbook as well as a comprehensive reference book, this volume is of high value to advanced graduate and undergraduate students, researchers, scientists, and designers of water and wastewater treatment systems. This is an essential part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series, an incredible collection of methodologies that study the effects of pollution and waste in their three basic forms: gas, solid, and liquid. Chapters adopt the series format, employing methods of practical design and calculation illustrated by numerical examples, including pertinent cost data whenever possible, and exploring in great detail the fundamental principles of the field. Volume 13: Membrane and Desalination Technologies is an essential guide for researchers, highlighting the latest developments in principles of membrane technology, membrane systems planning and design, industrial and municipal waste treatments, desalination requirements, wastewater reclamation, biofiltration, and more.

Desalination Technology

Desalination Technology
  • Author : Joseph Cotruvo,Nikolay Voutchkov,John Fawell,Pierre Payment,David Cunliffe,Sabine Lattemann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-17
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 1439859841
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Summary : Desalination Technology: Health and Environmental Impacts covers the latest developments in desalination, examining the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies. Written by international experts, the text presents specifications for assessing water quality, technical issues associated with desalination technologies, and the chemical aspects of desalinated water and its microbiology. The book also discusses environmental protection issues that assist in the optimization of proposed and existing desalination facilities to ensure that nations and consumers enjoy the benefits of the expanded access to desalinated water. This includes coverage of health and environmental issues such as energy conservation and sustainability as well as protection of delicate coastal ecosystems and groundwater from contamination by surface disposal of concentrates—challenges that must be addressed during the design, construction, and operation of a desalination facility. Development of new and improved desalinization technologies, including major cost reduction trends, have significantly broadened the opportunities to access large quantities of safe water in many parts of the world. And while there are many books available on desalination, this book’s unusual approach blends technical coverage of the latest technologies with coverage of the environmental and public health-related impacts of these technologies, setting it apart from other resources. It provides technical guidance based on the practical expertise of a balanced group of international scientists and engineers.

Using desalination technologies for water treatment

Using desalination technologies for water treatment
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :66
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Desalination:

Desalination:
  • Author : Committee on Advancing Desalination Technology,Water Science and Technology Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-08-14
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780309134347
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Summary : There has been an exponential increase in desalination capacity both globally and nationally since 1960, fueled in part by growing concern for local water scarcity and made possible to a great extent by a major federal investment for desalination research and development. Traditional sources of supply are increasingly expensive, unavailable, or controversial, but desalination technology offers the potential to substantially reduce water scarcity by converting the almost inexhaustible supply of seawater and the apparently vast quantities of brackish groundwater into new sources of freshwater. Desalination assesses the state of the art in relevant desalination technologies, and factors such as cost and implementation challenges. It also describes reasonable long-term goals for advancing desalination technology, posits recommendations for action and research, estimates the funding necessary to support the proposed research agenda, and identifies appropriate roles for governmental and nongovernmental entities.

Patent Landscape Report on Desalination Technologies and the Use of Alternative Energies for Desalination

Patent Landscape Report on Desalination Technologies and the Use of Alternative Energies for Desalination
  • Author : World Intellectual Property Organization
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-08
  • Total pages :88
  • ISBN : 9280521667
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Summary : This report identified 4551 patent families (including utility models) that claim inventions related to desalination of water, and 921 families describing the combination of desalination technologies with the use of renewable energies. Based on this patent collection, various patterns of patenting activity and innovation in the area of desalination are presented, with a separate focus on the use of renewable energies for desalination. A comprehensive explanation of the search methodology and history (including all search queries), and of the evaluation of the search results is included and illustrates how patent information can be retrieved and exploited in the area of desalination.

Desalination Technologies

Desalination Technologies
  • Author : Iqbal Mohammed Mujtaba,Md Tanvir Sowgath
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-08-15
  • Total pages :612
  • ISBN : 9780128137901
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Summary : Desalination Technologies: Design and Operation sets the scene for desalination technologies as a long term solution to freshwater demand by analyzing the current demand for water, available water resources and future predicted demand. The book captures recent developments in thermal desalination (multistage flash desalination, multi-effect evaporation, vapor compression), membrane desalination (forward osmosis, reverse osmosis, pressure retarded, electrodialysis, membrane distillation, ultra-, nano-, and micro-filtration), and alternative processes such as freezing and ion exchange. Both dynamic and steady state models (from short cut, simple, to detail) of various desalination processes are discussed. The book is intended for (under)graduate students in chemical engineering and postgraduate researchers and industrial practitioners in desalination. Provides the fundamentals of different desalination processes Includes desalination modeling from short and simple, to detailed and more advanced Discusses desalination optimization and synthesis to reduce environmental impact Handles thermo-physical property models and correlations Includes case studies to give a clearer understanding of desalination

Solar Desalination Technology

Solar Desalination Technology
  • Author : Anil Kumar,Om Prakash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-23
  • Total pages :357
  • ISBN : 9811368872
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Summary : This book presents the latest developments and advances in solar desalination technology, including the concept, design, testing, modeling, economics and innovation. The chapters in this volume are contributed by leading international researchers and are based on original research material. The contents of this volume will be of interest to researchers, professionals, and policymakers alike.

Solar Energy Desalination Technology

Solar Energy Desalination Technology
  • Author : Hongfei Zheng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-20
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 0128094222
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Summary : Solar Energy Desalination Technology explains how to obtain clean water from sea water using solar energy. Special methods and types used in solar desalination are introduced, providing new thoughts, concepts, and feasible solutions in the desalination field, along with the thermal and economic efficiency relating to current technology. Many places in the world are suffering from fresh water shortage. However, those places are often rich with solar resources, sea water, and/or brackish water resources that could dramatically benefit from solar energy as a viable solution for the production of fresh water. Explains the principles of solar thermal energy usage to produce clean water from sea water Introduces and explains new kinds of solar desalination systems, including their technical level and working principle Provides fundamental knowledge on water treatment and solar collection

Water Desalination Technologies in the ESCWA Member Countries

Water Desalination Technologies in the ESCWA Member Countries
  • Author : United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :177
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Advances in Water Desalination Technologies

Advances in Water Desalination Technologies
  • Author : Yoram Cohen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03-09
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9789811226977
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Summary :

Seawater Desalination

Seawater Desalination
  • Author : Andrea Cipollina,Giorgio Micale,Lucio Rizzuti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-24
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9783642011504
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Summary : A growing proportion of the world’s population is dependent on Seawater Desalination as a source of fresh water for both potable and civil use. One of the main drawbacks of conventional desalination technologies is the substantial energy requirement, which is facing cost increases in the global energy market. "Seawater Desalination" presents an overview of conventional and non-conventional technologies, with a particular focus on the coupling of renewable energies with desalination processes. The first section of this book presents, in a technical but reader-friendly way, an overview of currently-used desalination processes, from thermal to membrane processes, highlighting the relevant technical features, advantages and disadvantages, and development potential. It also gives a rapid insight into the economic aspects of fresh water production from seawater. The second section of the book presents novel processes which use Renewable Energies for fresh water production. From the first solar still evaporators, which artificially reproduced the natural cycle of water, technology has progressed to develop complex systems to harness energy from the sun, wind, tides, waves, etc. and then to use this energy to power conventional or novel desalination processes. Most of these processes are still at a preliminary stage of development, but some are already being cited as examples in remote areas, where they are proving to be valuable in solving the problems of water scarcity. A rapid growth in these technologies is foreseen in the coming years. This book provides a unique foundation, within the context of present and future sustainability, for professionals, technicians, managers, and private and public institutions operating in the area of fresh water supply.

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination
  • Author : Hacene Mahmoudi,Noreddine Ghaffour,Mattheus F.A. Goosen,Jochen Bundschuh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-14
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 1317287436
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Summary : The book presents a thorough overview of the latest trends and challenges in renewable energy technologies applications for water desalination, with an emphasis on environmental concerns and sustainable development. Emphasis is on the various uses of renewable energy, as well as economics & scale-up, government subsidies & regulations, and environmental concerns. It provides an indication on how renewable energy technologies are rapidly emerging with the promise of economic and environmental viability for desalination. Further it gives a clear indication on how exactly to accelerate the expansion and commercialization of novel water production systems powered by renewable energies and in what manner environmental concerns may be minimized. This book is all-inclusive and wide-ranging and directed at decision makers in government, industry and the academic world as well as students.

Review of the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap

Review of the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee to Review the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-04-20
  • Total pages :84
  • ISBN : 0309133432
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Summary : The Bureau of Reclamation and Sandia National Laboratories jointly developed the Roadmap to serve as a strategic research pathway for desalination and water purification technologies to meet future water needs. The book recommends that the Roadmap include a sharper focus on the research and technological advancements needed to reach the long-term objectives. The book also suggests that the environmental, economic, and social costs of energy required by increased dependence on desalination be examined. Strategies for implementing the Roadmap initiative are provided.

Desalination

Desalination
  • Author : Jane Kucera
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-04
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : 111890480X
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Summary : This is the first volume to cover desalination in such depth anddetail, offering engineers, technicians, and operators fullcoverage of the applications, economics, and expectations of whatwill certainly become one of the most important water-relatedprocesses on the planet. Covering thermal processes andmembrane processes, this is the only volume any engineer working indesalination must have, covering both practical and theoreticalissues encountered on a daily basis. Certain to be animportant contribution to the water management community.

Desalination Technology Evaluation

Desalination Technology Evaluation
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Corrosion and Fouling Control in Desalination Industry

Corrosion and Fouling Control in Desalination Industry
  • Author : Viswanathan S. Saji,Abdelkader A. Meroufel,Ahmad A. Sorour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-05
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 3030342840
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Summary : This book addresses two critical problems that plague materials that make up components in both desalination and cooling water systems: corrosion, and fouling. The book addresses various types and components of industrial desalination technologies with solutions for controlling corrosion, scaling and biofouling. Issues unique to desalination systems, vital for the production of clean water, are considered as well. Green technologies are discussed throughout, along with environmental and economic considerations. The book presents solutions to the problems encountered by internal and external parts of these systems and will aid professionals that design, operate, and maintain them. It will be valuable to professionals in the materials, corrosion, electrochemical and wastewater industries, as well as chemical engineers. Addresses the corrosion issues facing the conventional and modern water desalination systems; Discusses the causes and remediation of problems caused by corrosion, scaling, and biofouling in water treatment; Offers green solutions, thereby minimizing environmental impact while increasing control and productivity of water systems; Suitable for professionals working with water desalination plants, materials scientists and corrosion engineers.

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook
  • Author : Gnaneswar Gude
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-01
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : 0128167122
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Summary : Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook provides professionals and researchers with the latest treatment activities in the advancement of desalination technology. The book enables municipalities and private companies to custom-design sustainable desalination plants that will minimize discharge, energy costs and environmental footprint. Individual case studies are included to illustrate the benefits and drawback of each technique. Sections discuss a multitude of recently developed, advanced processes, along with notable advances made in existing technologies. These processes include adsorption, forward osmosis, humidification and dehumidification, membrane distillation, pervaporation and spray type thermal processes. In addition, theoretical membrane materials, such as nanocomposite and carbon nanotube membranes are also explored. Other chapters cover the desalination of shale gas, produced water, forward osmosis for agriculture, desalination for crop irrigation, and seawater for sustainable agriculture. International in its coverage, the chapters of this handbook are contributed by leading authors and researchers in all relevant fields. Expertly explains recent advances in sustainable desalination technology, including nanocomposite membranes, carbon nanotube membranes, forward reverse osmosis and desalination by pervaporation Provides state-of-the-art techniques for minimizing system discharge, energy cost and environmental footprint Includes individual case studies to illustrate the benefits and drawbacks of each technique Discusses techniques for the custom-design of sustainable desalination plants for municipalities, private companies and industrial operations

Desalination and Water Treatment

Desalination and Water Treatment
  • Author : Murat Eyvaz,Ebubekir Yüksel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-19
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 1789237580
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Summary : The need for fresh water is increasing with the rapid growth of the world's population. In countries and regions with available water resources, it is necessary to ensure the health and safety of the water supply. However, in countries and regions with limited freshwater resources, priority is given to water supply plans and projects, among which the desalination strategy stands out. In the desalination process, membrane and thermal processes are used to obtain fresh water from salty water that is in abundant amounts in the sea. This book will outline valuable scientific contributions to the new desalination and water treatment technologies to obtain high quality water with low negative environmental impacts and cost. The editors would like to record their sincere thanks to the authors for their contributions.

Sourcebook of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation in West Asia

Sourcebook of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation in West Asia
  • Author : Arab Centre for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Lands
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :341
  • ISBN : 9280718118
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Summary : The West Asian Region is characterized by its aridity and vast deserts where water evaporates quickly or is absorbed into the soil before it can be properly used or contained. Throughout history inhabitants of this region have developed technologies to capture and keep water, making the best out of the smallest available amount. With higher water demand and declining availability of water per capita, the identification of alternative sources of freshwater has become a priority in this region. This sourcebook provides a comprehensive description of the existing technologies available in West Asia so that decision makers, government and non-governmental organizations can use it as a reference to promote the sound planning and management of freshwater resources in this region.

Sustainable Desalination Handbook

Sustainable Desalination Handbook
  • Author : Gnaneswar Gude
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-07
  • Total pages :594
  • ISBN : 0128094966
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Summary : Sustainable Desalination Handbook: Plant Selection, Design and Implementation provides the comprehensive knowledge base required for efficient and sustainable process design for existing and new desalination plants around the world. This valuable resource for understanding and utilizing the most recent developments in desalination technologies and methods addresses the necessary components, including process design and implementation, operational strategies, and novel discoveries that minimize environmental impacts. In addition, the book features essential illustrations, operational details, issues and potential solutions and sustainable management strategies for present and future desalination plants. Explains plant design and process selection criteria for each desalination process Presents international regulations and permitting for intake and discharge locations, design and disposal Provides energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination, energy storage and optimization Includes case studies of recent desalination projects and process design

Water Desalination Technologies in the ESCWA Member Countries

Water Desalination Technologies in the ESCWA Member Countries
  • Author : Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia ESCWA.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :