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Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Author : Mahdi Sharifzadeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-31
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9780128154298
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Summary : Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: The Systems Engineering Vision for Industrial Application presents a comprehensive, critical and accessible review of the latest research in the field of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). As well as discussing the theoretical aspects of the field, the book explores a diverse range of power applications, such as hybrid power plants, polygeneration, distributed electricity generation, energy storage and waste management—all with a focus on modeling and computational skills. Dr. Sharifzadeh presents the associated risks and limitations throughout the discussion, providing a very complete and thorough analysis of SOFCs and their control and operation in power plants. The first of its kind, this book will be of particular interest to energy engineers, industry experts and academic researchers in the energy, power and transportation industries, as well as those working and researching in the chemical, environmental and material sectors. Closes the gap between various power engineering disciples by considering a diverse variety of applications and sectors Presents and reviews a variety of modeling techniques and considers regulations throughout Includes CFD modeling examples and process simulation and optimization programming guidance

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Author : Mahdi Sharifzadeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-15
  • Total pages :510
  • ISBN : 0128152532
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Summary : Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Multidisciplinary Industrial Applications presents a comprehensive, authoritative, critical, and accessible review of the latest research in the field of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). As well as discussing the theoretical aspects of the field, the book explores a diverse range of power applications such as hybrid power plants, polygeneration, distributed electricity generation, energy storage and waste management, to name just a few, with a focus on modelling and computational skills. Dr. Sharifzadeh presents the associated risks and limitations throughout the discussion, providing a very complete and thorough analysis of SOFCs, their control and operation in power plants. The first of its kind, this book will be of particular interest to energy engineers, industry experts and academic researchers in the energy, power and transportation industries, as well as those working and researching in the chemical, environmental and material sectors. Closes the gap between various power engineering disciples by considering a diverse variety of applications and sectors Presents and reviews a variety of modelling techniques and considers regulations throughout Includes CFD modelling examples, and process simulation and optimization programming guidance

High-temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Design and Applications

High-temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Design and Applications
  • Author : S.C. Singhal,K. Kendall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-12-08
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 9780080508085
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Summary : High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Design and Applications provides a comprehensive discussion of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). SOFCs are the most efficient devices for the electrochemical conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity, and have been gaining increasing attention for clean and efficient distributed power generation. The book explains the operating principle, cell component materials, cell and stack designs and fabrication processes, cell and stack performance, and applications of SOFCs. Individual chapters are written by internationally renowned authors in their respective fields, and the text is supplemented by a large number of references for further information. The book is primarily intended for use by researchers, engineers, and other technical people working in the field of SOFCs. Even though the technology is advancing at a very rapid pace, the information contained in most of the chapters is fundamental enough for the book to be useful even as a text for SOFC technology at the graduate level.

High-temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century

High-temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century
  • Author : Kevin Kendall,Michaela Kendall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-21
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9780124104839
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Summary : High-temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Second Edition, explores the growing interest in fuel cells as a sustainable source of energy. The text brings the topic of green energy front and center, illustrating the need for new books that provide comprehensive and practical information on specific types of fuel cells and their applications. This landmark volume on solid oxide fuel cells contains contributions from experts of international repute, and provides a single source of the latest knowledge on this topic. A single source for all the latest information on solid oxide fuel cells and their applications Illustrates the need for new, more comprehensive books and study on the topic Explores the growing interest in fuel cells as viable, sustainable sources of energy

Optimal Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems for Small-scale Stationary Applications

Optimal Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems for Small-scale Stationary Applications
  • Author : Robert James Braun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :275
  • ISBN : WISC:89084036730
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Summary :

Modeling, Design, Construction, and Operation of Power Generators with Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Modeling, Design, Construction, and Operation of Power Generators with Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Author : Jakub Kupecki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-20
  • Total pages :261
  • ISBN : 331975601X
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Summary : The book summarizes the current state of the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology in power generation applications. It describes the single cells, SOFC stacks, micro-combined heat and power systems, large-scale stationary power generators and polygeneration units. The principles of modeling, simulation and controls of power systems with solid oxide fuel cells are presented and discussed. Authors provide theoretical background of the technology followed by the essential insights into the integrated power systems. Selected aspects of the design, construction and operation of power units in range from single kilowatts to hundreds of kilowatts are presented. Finally, the book reports the selected studies on prototype systems which have been constructed in Europe. The book discusses the theoretical and practical aspects of operation of power generators with solid oxide fuel cells including fabrication of cells, design of stacks, system modeling, simulation of stationary and non-stationary operation of systems, fuel preparation and controls.

Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Author : Mario L. Ferrari,Usman M. Damo,Ali Turan,David Sánchez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-12
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9781119039068
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Summary : A comprehensive guide to the modelling and design of solid oxide fuel cell hybrid power plants This book explores all technical aspects of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) hybrid systems and proposes solutions to a range of technical problems that can arise from component integration. Following a general introduction to the state-of-the-art in SOFC hybrid systems, the authors focus on fuel cell technology, including the components required to operate with standard fuels. Micro-gas turbine (mGT) technology for hybrid systems is discussed, with special attention given to issues related to the coupling of SOFCs with mGTs. Throughout the book emphasis is placed on dynamic issues, including control systems used to avoid risk conditions. With an eye to mitigating the high costs and risks incurred with the building and use of prototype hybrid systems, the authors demonstrate a proven, economically feasible approach to obtaining important experimental results using simplified plants that simulate both generic and detailed system-level behaviour using emulators. Computational models and experimental plants are developed to support the analysis of SOFC hybrid systems, including models appropriate for design, development and performance analysis at both component and system levels. Presents models for a range of size units, technology variations, unit coupling dynamics and start-up and shutdown behaviours Focuses on SOFCs integration with mGTs in light of key constraints and risk avoidance issues under steady-state conditions and during transient operations Identifies interaction and coupling problems within the GT/SOFC environment, including exergy analysis and optimization Demonstrates an economical approach to obtaining important experimental results while avoiding high-cost components and risk conditions Presents analytical/computational and experimental tools for the efficient design and development of hardware and software systems Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Modelling and Design is a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers involved in fuel cell fundamentals, design and development. It is also an excellent reference for academic researchers and advanced-level students exploring fuel cell technology.

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Author : Gurbinder Kaur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-21
  • Total pages :516
  • ISBN : 9780128174463
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Summary : Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Electrolytes, Electrodes and Interconnects introduces the fundamental principles of intermediate solid oxide fuel cells technology. It provides the reader with a broad understanding and practical knowledge of the electrodes, pyrochlore/perovskite/oxide electrolytes and interconnects which form the backbone of the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) unit. Opening with an introduction to the thermodynamics, physiochemical and electrochemical behavior of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), the book also discusses specific materials, including low temperature brownmillerites and aurivillius electrolytes, as well as pyrochlore interconnects. This book analyzes the basic concepts, providing cutting-edge information for both researchers and students. It is a complete reference for Intermediate Solid Oxide Fuel Cells technology that will be a vital resource for those working in materials science, fuel cells and solid state chemistry. Provides a single source of information on glass, electrolytes, interconnects, vanadates, pyrochlores and perovskite SOFC Includes illustrations that provide a clear visual explanation of concepts being discussed Progresses from a discussion of basic concepts that will enable readers to easily comprehend the subject matter

Recent Trends in Fuel Cell Science and Technology

Recent Trends in Fuel Cell Science and Technology
  • Author : S. Basu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-20
  • Total pages :375
  • ISBN : 9780387688152
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Summary : This book covers all the proposed fuel cell systems including PEMFC, SOFC, PAFC, MCFC, regenerative fuel cells, direct alcohol fuel cells, and small fuel cells to replace batteries.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology
  • Author : K Huang,J B Goodenough
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-07-30
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781845696511
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Summary : High temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology is a promising power generation option that features high electrical efficiency and low emissions of environmentally polluting gases such as CO2, NOox and SOx. It is ideal for distributed stationary power generation applications where both high-efficiency electricity and high-quality heat are in strong demand. For the past few decades, SOFC technology has attracted intense worldwide R&D effort and, along with polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) technology, has undergone extensive commercialization development. This book presents a systematic and in-depth narrative of the technology from the perspective of fundamentals, providing comprehensive theoretical analysis and innovative characterization techniques for SOFC technology. The book initially deals with the basics and development of SOFC technology from cell materials to fundamental thermodynamics, electronic properties of solids and charged particle transport. This coverage is extended with a thorough analysis of such operational features as current flow and energy balance, and on to voltage losses and electrical efficiency. Furthermore, the book also covers the important issues of fuel cell stability and durability with chapters on performance characterization, fuel processing, and electrode poisoning. Finally, the book provides a comprehensive review for SOFC materials and fabrication techniques. A series of useful scientific appendices rounds off the book. Solid oxide fuel cell technology is a standard reference for all those researching this important field as well as those working in the power industry. Provides a comprehensive review of solid oxide fuel cells from history and design to chemistry and materials development Presents analysis of operational features including current flow, energy balance, voltage losses and electrical efficiency Explores fuel cell stability and durability with specific chapters examining performance characterization, fuel processing and electrode poisoning

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability
  • Author : Nigel Brandon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-23
  • Total pages :234
  • ISBN : 9780128097243
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Summary : Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability: Critical Challenges in Fuel Cells presents in one volume the most recent research that aims at solving key issues for the deployment of SOFC at a commercial scale and for a wider range of applications. To achieve that, authors from different regions and backgrounds address topics such as electrolytes, contaminants, redox cycling, gas-tight seals, and electrode microstructure. Lifetime issues for particular elements of the fuel cells, like cathodes, interconnects, and fuel processors, are covered as well as new materials. They also examine the balance of SOFC plants, correlations between structure and electrochemical performance, methods for analysis of performance and degradation assessment, and computational and statistical approaches to quantify degradation. For its holistic approach, this book can be used both as an introduction to these issues and a reference resource for all involved in research and application of solid oxide fuel cells, especially those developing understanding in industrial applications of the lifetime issues. This includes researchers in academia and industrial R&D, graduate students and professionals in energy engineering, electrochemistry, and materials sciences for energy applications. It might also be of particular interest to analysts who are looking into integrating SOFCs into energy systems. Brings together in a single volume leading research and expert thinking around the broad topic of SOFC lifetime and durability Explores issues that affect solid oxide fuel cells elements, materials, and systems with a holistic approach Provides a practical reference for overcoming some of the common failure mechanisms of SOFCs Features coverage of integrating SOFCs into energy systems

Science and Technology of Ceramic Fuel Cells

Science and Technology of Ceramic Fuel Cells
  • Author : N.Q. Minh,T. Takahashi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-08-15
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 0080540767
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Summary : Ceramic fuel cells, commonly known as solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), have been under development for a broad range of electric power generation applications. The most attractive feature of the SOFC is its clean and efficient production of electricity from a variety of fuels. The SOFC has the potential to be manufactured and operated cost-effectively. The widening interest in this technology, thus, arises from the continuing need to develop cleaner and more efficient means of converting energy sources into useful forms. This topical book provides a comprehensive treatise on solid oxide fuel cells and succeeds successfully in filling the gap in the market for a reference book in this field. Directed towards scientists, engineers, and technical managers working with SOFCs as well as ceramic devices based on conducting materials, and in related fields, the book will also be invaluable as a textbook for science and engineering courses.

Perovskite Materials

Perovskite Materials
  • Author : Likun Pan,Guang Zhu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-03
  • Total pages :650
  • ISBN : 9789535122456
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Summary : The book summarizes the current state of the know-how in the field of perovskite materials: synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications. Most chapters include a review on the actual knowledge and cutting-edge research results. Thus, this book is an essential source of reference for scientists with research fields in energy, physics, chemistry and materials. It is also a suitable reading material for graduate students.

Mini-Micro Fuel Cells

Mini-Micro Fuel Cells
  • Author : S. Kakaç,A. Pramuanjaroenkij,L. Vasiliev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-04-10
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9781402082955
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Summary : This volume contains an archival record of the NATO Advanced Institute on Mini – Micro Fuel Cells – Fundamental and Applications held in Çesme – Izmir, Turkey, July 22–August 3, 2007. The ASIs are intended to be a high-level teaching activity in scientific and technical areas of current concern. In this volume, the reader may find interesting chapters on Mini- Micro Fuel Cells with fundamentals and applications. In recent years, fu- cell development, modeling and performance analysis has received much attention due to their potential for distributed power which is a critical issue for energy security and the environmental protection. Small fuel cells for portable applications are important for the security. The portable devices (many electronic and wireless) operated by fuel cells for providing all-day power, are very valuable for the security, for defense and in the war against terrorism. Many companies in NATO and non-NATO countries have concentrated to promote the fuel cell industry. Many universities with industrial partners committed to the idea of working together to develop fuel cells. As tech- logy advanced in the 1980s and beyond, many government organizations joined in spending money on fuel-cell research. In recent years, interest in using fuel cells to power portable electronic devices and other small equipment (cell phones, mobile phones, lab-tops, they are used as micro power source in biological applications) has increased partly due to the promise of fuel cells having higher energy density.

Models for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems

Models for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems
  • Author : Dario Marra,Cesare Pianese,Pierpaolo Polverino,Marco Sorrentino
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-07
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : 9781447156581
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Summary : This book presents methodologies suitable for the optimal design of control and diagnosis strategies for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) systems. One key feature of the methodologies presented is the use of modeling tools with an ideal balance between accuracy and computational burden. Particular emphasis is given to the useful combination of models within a hierarchical framework to reduce the experimental efforts required for characterization and testing. Such tools are proven to be highly effective for SOFC systems destined for both residential and transportation applications. Throughout the book, optimization is always conceived in such a way so as to allow the SOFC systems to work efficiently while guaranteeing safe thermal operation, as well as an extended lifetime. This book is aimed at scientists and engineers involved in the design of marketable SOFC systems. It gathers the knowledge and experience derived from other research and industry practice for which control and diagnosis have proven to be the main keys to success and market penetration.

Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling

Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling
  • Author : Jarosław Milewski,Konrad Świrski,Massimo Santarelli,Pierluigi Leone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-04
  • Total pages :218
  • ISBN : 0857292625
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Summary : Fuel cells are widely regarded as the future of the power and transportation industries. Intensive research in this area now requires new methods of fuel cell operation modeling and cell design. Typical mathematical models are based on the physical process description of fuel cells and require a detailed knowledge of the microscopic properties that govern both chemical and electrochemical reactions. Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling proposes the alternative methodology of generalized artificial neural networks (ANN) solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) modeling. Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling provides a comprehensive description of modern fuel cell theory and a guide to the mathematical modeling of SOFCs, with particular emphasis on the use of ANNs. Up to now, most of the equations involved in SOFC models have required the addition of numerous factors that are difficult to determine. The artificial neural network (ANN) can be applied to simulate an object’s behavior without an algorithmic solution, merely by utilizing available experimental data. The ANN methodology discussed in Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling can be used by both researchers and professionals to optimize SOFC design. Readers will have access to detailed material on universal fuel cell modeling and design process optimization, and will also be able to discover comprehensive information on fuel cells and artificial intelligence theory.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology
  • Author : Kevin Huang,John B. Goodenough
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 184569628X
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Summary : "High-temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology is a promising power generation option that features high electrical efficiency and low emissions of environmentally polluting gases. It is ideal for distributed stationary power generation applications where both high-efficiency electricity and high-quality heat are in strong demand. This book presents a systematic and in-depth narrative of the technology from the perspective of fundamentals, providing comprehensive theoretical analysis and innovative characterization techniques for SOFC technology."--BOOK JACKET.

Modeling, Design, Construction, and Operation of Power Generators with Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Modeling, Design, Construction, and Operation of Power Generators with Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Author : Jakub Kupecki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-10
  • Total pages :261
  • ISBN : 9783319756028
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Summary : The book summarizes the current state of the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology in power generation applications. It describes the single cells, SOFC stacks, micro-combined heat and power systems, large-scale stationary power generators and polygeneration units. The principles of modeling, simulation and controls of power systems with solid oxide fuel cells are presented and discussed. Authors provide theoretical background of the technology followed by the essential insights into the integrated power systems. Selected aspects of the design, construction and operation of power units in range from single kilowatts to hundreds of kilowatts are presented. Finally, the book reports the selected studies on prototype systems which have been constructed in Europe. The book discusses the theoretical and practical aspects of operation of power generators with solid oxide fuel cells including fabrication of cells, design of stacks, system modeling, simulation of stationary and non-stationary operation of systems, fuel preparation and controls.

Fuel Cell Engineering

Fuel Cell Engineering
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-14
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9780123868756
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Summary : Fuel cells are attractive electrochemical energy converters featuring potentially very high thermodynamic efficiency factors. The focus of this volume of Advances in Chemical Engineering is on quantitative approaches, particularly based on chemical engineering principles, to analyze, control and optimize the steady state and dynamic behavior of low and high temperature fuel cells (PEMFC, DMFC, SOFC) to be applied in mobile and stationary systems. Updates and informs the reader on the latest research findings using original reviews Written by leading industry experts and scholars Reviews and analyzes developments in the field

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Author : Tatsumi Ishihara
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-12
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 0387777083
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Summary : Fuel cell technology is quite promising for conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity without forming air pollutants. There are several types of fuel cells: polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), and alkaline fuel cell (AFC). Among these, SOFCs are the most efficient and have various advantages such as flexibility in fuel, high reliability, simple balance of plant (BOP), and a long history. Therefore, SOFC technology is attracting much attention as a power plant and is now close to marketing as a combined heat and power generation system. From the beginning of SOFC development, many perovskite oxides have been used for SOFC components; for example, LaMnO -based oxide for the cathode and 3 LaCrO for the interconnect are the most well known materials for SOFCs. The 3 current SOFCs operate at temperatures higher than 1073 K. However, lowering the operating temperature of SOFCs is an important goal for further SOFC development. Reliability, durability, and stability of the SOFCs could be greatly improved by decreasing their operating temperature. In addition, a lower operating temperature is also beneficial for shortening the startup time and decreasing energy loss from heat radiation. For this purpose, faster oxide ion conductors are required to replace the conventional Y O -stabilized ZrO 2 3 2 electrolyte. A new class of electrolytes such as LaGaO is considered to be 3 highly useful for intermediate-temperature SOFCs.

Assessment of Research Needs for Advanced Fuel Cells

Assessment of Research Needs for Advanced Fuel Cells
  • Author : S. S. Penner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 9781483190976
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Summary : Assessment of Research Needs for Advanced Fuel Cells covers the status of fuel cell research and development efforts, as well as inputs on research needs. Chapter 1 presents a summary of research recommendations and Chapters 2-6 describes the surveys on salient features of individual fuel cell types, including elaborations of long-term research needs relating to the expeditious introduction of improved fuel cells. The book further tackles phosphoric acid fuel cells; alkaline fuel cells; solid polymer electrolyte fuel cells; molten carbonate fuel cells; and high-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells.