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Designing for Human Reliability

Designing for Human Reliability
  • Author : Ronald W. McLeod
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-03
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 0128024216
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Summary : Industry underestimates the extent to which behaviour at work is influenced by the design of the working environment. Designing for Human Reliability argues that greater awareness of the contribution of design to human error can significantly enhance HSE performance and improve return on investment. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why work systems are designed and implemented such that "design-induced human error" becomes more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how well understood psychological processes can lead people to make decisions and to take actions that otherwise seem impossible to understand. Designing for Human Reliability sets out thirteen key elements to deliver the levels of human reliability expected to achieve the return on investment sought when decisions are made to invest in projects. And it demonstrates how investigation of the human contribution to incidents can be improved by focusing on what companies expected and intended when they chose to rely on human performance as a barrier, or control, against incidents. Recognise some 'hard truths' of human performance and learn about the importance of applying the principles of Human Factors Engineering on capital projects Learn from analysis of real-world incidents how differences between 'fast' and 'slow' styles of thinking can lead to human error in industrial processes Learn how controls and barrier against major incidents that rely on human performance can be strengthened throughout the design and development of assets and equipment

Designing for Human Reliability

Designing for Human Reliability
  • Author : Ronald W. McLeod
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-21
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9780081005262
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Summary : Industry underestimates the extent to which behaviour at work is influenced by the design of the working environment. Designing for Human Reliability argues that greater awareness of the contribution of design to human error can significantly enhance HSE performance and improve return on investment. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why work systems are designed and implemented such that "design-induced human error" becomes more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how well understood psychological processes can lead people to make decisions and to take actions that otherwise seem impossible to understand. Designing for Human Reliability sets out thirteen key elements to deliver the levels of human reliability expected to achieve the return on investment sought when decisions are made to invest in projects. And it demonstrates how investigation of the human contribution to incidents can be improved by focusing on what companies expected and intended when they chose to rely on human performance as a barrier, or control, against incidents. Recognise some ‘hard truths’ of human performance and learn about the importance of applying the principles of Human Factors Engineering on capital projects Learn from analysis of real-world incidents how differences between ‘fast’ and ‘slow’ styles of thinking can lead to human error in industrial processes Learn how controls and barrier against major incidents that rely on human performance can be strengthened throughout the design and development of assets and equipment

A Guide To Practical Human Reliability Assessment

A Guide To Practical Human Reliability Assessment
  • Author : B. Kirwan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-14
  • Total pages :587
  • ISBN : 9781351469883
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Summary : Human error is here to stay. This perhaps obvious statement has a profound implication for society when faced with the types of hazardous system accidents that have occurred over the past three decades. Such accidents have been strongly influenced by human error, yet many system designs in existence or being planned and built do not take human error into consideration.; "A Guide to Practical Human Reliability Assessment" is a practical and pragmatic guide to the techniques and approaches of human reliability assessment HRA. lt offers the reader explanatory and practical methods which have been applied and have worked in high technology and high risk assessments - particularly but not exclusively to potentially hazardous industries such as exist in process control, nuclear power, chemical and petrochemical industries. A Guide to Practical Human Reliability Assessment offers the practitioner a comprehensive tool-kit of different approaches along with guidance on selecting different methods for different applications. It covers the risk assessment and the HRA process, as well as methods of task analysis, error identification, quantification, representation of errors in the risk analysis, followed by error reduction analysis, quality assurance and documentation. There are also a number of detailed case studies from nuclear, chemical, offshore, and marine HRA'S, exemplfying the image of techniques and the impact of HRA in existing and design-stage systems.

Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics

Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Author : Gavriel Salvendy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-24
  • Total pages :1752
  • ISBN : 9781118129081
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Summary : The fourth edition of the Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomicshas been completely revised and updated. This includes allexisting third edition chapters plus new chapters written to covernew areas. These include the following subjects: Managing low-back disorder risk in the workplace Online interactivity Neuroergonomics Office ergonomics Social networking HF&E in motor vehicle transportation User requirements Human factors and ergonomics in aviation Human factors in ambient intelligent environments As with the earlier editions, the main purpose of this handbookis to serve the needs of the human factors and ergonomicsresearchers, practitioners, and graduate students. Each chapter hasa strong theory and scientific base, but is heavily focused on realworld applications. As such, a significant number of case studies,examples, figures, and tables are included to aid in theunderstanding and application of the material covered.

Human Factors for Engineers

Human Factors for Engineers
  • Author : Carl Sandom,Roger S. Harvey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :361
  • ISBN : 0863413293
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Summary : The book discusses human factors integration methodolgy and reviews the issues that underpin consideration of key topics such as human error, automation and human reliability assesment.

Human Reliability

Human Reliability
  • Author : K.S. Park
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-28
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9781483297279
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Summary : The objectives of Human Reliability are to build reliability into the job, into the machine, and into the environment, and to let man perform naturally. In this book the author shows how these objectives can be achieved by concentrating on human reliability issues during the design stage. This is done by illustrating the relationships between various design features and some aspect of human performance, e.g. human errors. The book is designed as a practical guide to the daily performance of tasks in Human Reliability as well as a general reference and tutorial introduction to the field. It is therefore both practical and theoretical: the first four chapters focus on principles and ramifications relevant to human error prevention; the latter four are primarily concerned with human reliability analysis and prediction methodology. Throughout the book there are extensive references, numerous ready-to-use recommendations, formulas and mathematical models, and computer programs for human reliability work for analyzing, predicting and preventing human errors in a variety of situations. Though some of the material requires undergraduate training in engineering, the more difficult mathematical expositions can be omitted without loss of continuity, but are available for the reader who needs a more complete understanding of the relevant theory.

Guide to Methodology in Ergonomics

Guide to Methodology in Ergonomics
  • Author : Neville A. Stanton,Mark S. Young,Catherine Harvey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-23
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : 9781466591851
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Summary : Packed with illustrations and practical examples, Guide to Methodology in Ergonomics: Designing for Human Use, Second Edition provides a concise introduction to ergonomics methods in a straightforward manner that helps you conduct an ergonomics analysis of a product in development. It details the execution of 12 ergonomics methods that can be applied to the design of any type of product or interface. The authors stress the role of ergonomics in reducing device interaction time and user error while improving user satisfaction and device usability. See What’s in the New Edition: Four case studies Addition of another co-author Examples that reflect current technology Information on Critical Path Analysis (CPA) The authors highlight where ergonomics methods fit in the design process and how to select a method appropriate for your purpose. They describe each method, supplying an overview, instructions on how to carry out an analysis, a mini bibliography, pros and cons, one or more examples, and a flow chart. They then rate each method for reliability/validity, resources, usability, and efficacy. The book then examines data from studies on training, reliability, and validity, and presents an equation that enables you to calculate approximately the financial benefits of using each method. Based on research and expertise, the book gives you the freedom to be adventurous when choosing methods and the foundation to choose the method that fits the task at hand. Written by experts, it also helps you hone your skills and put the craft of ergonomics into practice.

Human Factors in Engineering and Design

Human Factors in Engineering and Design
  • Author : Mark S. Sanders,Ernest James McCormick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :790
  • ISBN : 0071128263
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Summary : This is the seventh edition of a text that is quite popular and the respected leader in its field. Written for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, as well as for practicing professionals, the book combines an emphasis on the empirical research basis of human factors with comprehensive coverage of basic concepts in the field of human factors and ergonomics. This edition of Human Factors in Engineering and Design has been thoroughly updated and contains a new chapter on motor skills. Several chapters have been extensively revised and renamed to reflect current emphases and research in the field.

Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Power Generation

Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Power Generation
  • Author : B. S. Dhillon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-07
  • Total pages :188
  • ISBN : 9783319040196
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Summary : Human reliability, error, and human factors in the area of power generation have been receiving increasing attention in recent years. Each year billions of dollars are spent in the area of power generation to design, construct/manufacture, operate, and maintain various types of power systems around the globe, and such systems often fail due to human error. This book compiles various recent results and data into one volume, and eliminates the need to consult many diverse sources to obtain vital information. It enables potential readers to delve deeper into a specific area, providing the source of most of the material presented in references at the end of each chapter. Examples along with solutions are also provided at appropriate places, and there are numerous problems for testing the reader’s comprehension. Chapters cover a broad range of topics, including general methods for performing human reliability and error analysis in power plants, specific human reliability analysis methods for nuclear power plants, human factors in control systems, and human error in power plant maintenance. They are written in such a manner that the potential reader requires no previous knowledge to understand their contents. “Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Power Generation” will prove useful to many individuals, including engineering professionals working in the power generation industry, researchers, instructors, and undergraduate and graduate students in the field of power engineering.

Human Error and System Design and Management

Human Error and System Design and Management
  • Author : P.F. Elzer,R.H. Kluwe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-01-04
  • Total pages :215
  • ISBN : UOM:39015048516598
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Summary : Human Error and System Design and Management contains a collection of contributions presented at an international workshop with the same name held from March 24-26, 1999 at the Technical University of Clausthal, Germany. The purpose of this workshop was to discuss the results of a research project investigating the "Influences of Human-Machine-Interfaces on the Error-proneness of Operator Interaction with Technical Systems" in a broad context. Therefore experts from academia and industry were invited to participate so that practical as well as theoretical aspects of the subject matter were covered. Topics included recent considerations concerning multimedia and ecological interfaces as well as situation awareness. This book contains the current thinking on this discussion and can be regarded as a supplement to engineers and researchers who are active in the area of human machine interfaces.

Rail Human Factors

Rail Human Factors
  • Author : Nastaran Dadashi,Anita Scott,John R Wilson,Ann Mills
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-29
  • Total pages :762
  • ISBN : 9780203759721
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Summary : The rail human factors/ergonomics community has grown quickly and extensively, and there is much increased recognition of the vital importance of ergonomics/human factors by rail infrastructure owners, rail operating companies, system developers, regulators and national and trans-national government. This book, the fourth on rail human factors, is

Reliability and Risk Issues in Large Scale Safety-critical Digital Control Systems

Reliability and Risk Issues in Large Scale Safety-critical Digital Control Systems
  • Author : Poong-Hyun Seong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-11-25
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781848003835
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Summary : “Reliability and Risk Issues in Large Scale Safety-critical Digital Control Systems” provides a comprehensive coverage of reliability issues and their corresponding countermeasures in the field of large-scale digital control systems, from the hardware and software in digital systems to the human operators who supervise the overall process of large-scale systems. Unlike other books which examine theories and issues in individual fields, this book reviews important problems and countermeasures across the fields of software reliability, software verification and validation, digital systems, human factors engineering and human reliability analysis. Divided into four sections dealing with software reliability, digital system reliability, human reliability and human operators in large-scale digital systems, the book offers insights from professional researchers in each specialized field in a diverse yet unified approach.

Human Factors in Design of Reliable Systems

Human Factors in Design of Reliable Systems
  • Author : Alan D. Swain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1964
  • Total pages :10
  • ISBN : UOM:39015094992586
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Summary :

Designing Food Safety and Equipment Reliability Through Maintenance Engineering

Designing Food Safety and Equipment Reliability Through Maintenance Engineering
  • Author : Sauro Riccetti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-25
  • Total pages :413
  • ISBN : 9781466589889
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Summary : Existing maintenance engineering techniques pursue equipment reliability with a focus on minimal costs, but in the food industry, food safety is the most critical issue. This book identifies how to ensure food product safety through maintenance engineering in a way that produces added value and generates real profits for your organization. Integrating food safety techniques with reliability and maintenance engineering techniques, Designing Food Safety and Equipment Reliability Through Maintenance Engineering details a maintenance design process that captures all conceivable critical factors in food manufacturing lines. While maintenance engineering normally starts with equipment reliability, this book starts with product safety to identify equipment criticalities and maintenance solutions. The text examines the problems currently facing the food industry and introduces powerful solutions to help food producers and consultants manage both food safety and manufacturing effectiveness. It presents an innovative tool for weighing food, human, and equipment criticalities and also describes how to maximize maintenance design outcome through the empowerment of equipment operators and their close cooperation with maintenance and quality specialists. Detailing how to design reliable task lists, the book includes case studies that illustrate the problems that low equipment reliability can create for your customers and your company’s image. It outlines key performance indicators that can help producers and suppliers easily identify quality, availability, and productivity gaps. It also highlights critical factors that can help you avoid process bottlenecks.

Designing Human-machine Cooperation Systems

Designing Human-machine Cooperation Systems
  • Author : Patrick Millot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-09
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781118984376
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Summary : This book, on the ergonomics of human−machine systems, isaimed at engineers specializing in informatics, automation,production or robotics, who are faced with a significant dilemmaduring the conception of human−machine systems. On the onehand, the human operator guarantees the reliability of the systemand has been known to salvage numerous critical situations throughan ability to reason in unplanned, imprecise and uncertainsituations; on the other hand, the human operator can beunpredictable and create disturbances in the automated system. The first part of the book is dedicated to the methods ofhuman-centered design, from three different points of view, thevarious chapters focusing on models developed by human engineersand functional models to explain human behavior in theirenvironment, models of cognitive psychology and models in thedomain of automobile driving. Part 2 develops the methods of evaluation of thehuman−machine systems, looking at the evaluation of theactivity of the human operator at work and human error analysismethods. Finally, Part 3 is dedicated to human−machine cooperation,where the authors show that a cooperative agent comprises aknow-how and a so-called know-how-to-cooperate and show the way todesign and evaluate that cooperation in real industrialcontexts.

Advanced Reliability Modeling

Advanced Reliability Modeling
  • Author : Tadashi Dohi,Won Young Yun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :627
  • ISBN : 9789812388711
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Summary : The 2004 Asian International Workshop on Advanced Reliability Modeling is a symposium for the dissemination of state-of-the-art research and the presentation of practice in reliability engineering and related issues in Asia. It brings together researchers, scientists and practitioners from Asian countries to discuss the state of research and practice in dealing with reliability issues at the system design (modeling) level, and to jointly formulate an agenda for future research in this engineering area. The proceedings cover all the key topics in reliability, maintainability and safety engineering, providing an in-depth presentation of theory and practice.The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: ? Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings? (ISTP? / ISI Proceedings)? Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings)? CC Proceedings ? Engineering & Physical Sciences

Designing and Conducting Research in Health and Human Performance

Designing and Conducting Research in Health and Human Performance
  • Author : Tracey D Matthews,Kimberly T Kostelis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-19
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9780429839320
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Summary : Designing and Conducting Research in Health and Human Performance, 2nd edition shows students how to become effective producers and consumers of health and human performance research. Like the first edition, this edition provides comprehensive coverage of both quantitative and qualitative research methods and includes step-by-step guidance for writing effective research proposals and theses. In addition, the authors show how to read, assess, interpret, and apply published research and how to conduct basic studies in health, physical education, exercise science, athletic training, and recreation. In this edition, the authors have also expanded areas of research design to include the PICO (patient problem or population, intervention, comparison, and outcomes) technique. Designing and Conducting Research in Health and Human Performance, 2nd edition is filled with more up-to-date illustrative examples that emphasize the real-world applications of research methods. Throughout, the authors draw on a variety of examples that were selected because they provide a context to further the understanding of health and human performance research. Research to Practice examples and Tips are included by the authors to help students better appreciate the book’s content. Additionally, new to this edition, is Pulse Check, which provides an opportunity for students to engage in critical thinking in all things research. These study aids provide suggestions and additional resources to assist students in understanding the research process. Key terms, defined and highlighted, enrich each chapter. The end of each chapter includes Applying What You Learned sections designed to help students comprehend and follow best practices in research methods. Online resources and guides developed by the authors to support and enhance students’ learning of important research concepts are available.

Designing for Humans

Designing for Humans
  • Author : John H. Burgess
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :515
  • ISBN : UOM:39015011738047
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Summary :

Designing Human-machine Cooperation Systems

Designing Human-machine Cooperation Systems
  • Author : Patrick Millot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-09
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781118984376
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Summary : This book, on the ergonomics of human−machine systems, isaimed at engineers specializing in informatics, automation,production or robotics, who are faced with a significant dilemmaduring the conception of human−machine systems. On the onehand, the human operator guarantees the reliability of the systemand has been known to salvage numerous critical situations throughan ability to reason in unplanned, imprecise and uncertainsituations; on the other hand, the human operator can beunpredictable and create disturbances in the automated system. The first part of the book is dedicated to the methods ofhuman-centered design, from three different points of view, thevarious chapters focusing on models developed by human engineersand functional models to explain human behavior in theirenvironment, models of cognitive psychology and models in thedomain of automobile driving. Part 2 develops the methods of evaluation of thehuman−machine systems, looking at the evaluation of theactivity of the human operator at work and human error analysismethods. Finally, Part 3 is dedicated to human−machine cooperation,where the authors show that a cooperative agent comprises aknow-how and a so-called know-how-to-cooperate and show the way todesign and evaluate that cooperation in real industrialcontexts.

Human Reliability in Nuclear Power

Human Reliability in Nuclear Power
  • Author : R. D. Anthony
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :155
  • ISBN : UOM:39015013478386
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Summary :

Human Factors in Automotive Engineering and Technology

Human Factors in Automotive Engineering and Technology
  • Author : Guy H. Walker,Neville A. Stanton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-02
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9781317120278
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Summary : Offering a unique perspective on vehicle design and on new developments in vehicle technology, this book seeks to bridge the gap between engineers, who design and build cars, and human factors, as a body of knowledge with considerable value in this domain. The work that forms the basis of the book represents more than 40 years of experience by the authors. Human Factors in Automotive Engineering and Technology imparts the authors' scientific background in human factors by way of actionable design guidance, combined with a set of case studies highly relevant to current technological challenges in vehicle design. The book presents a novel and accessible insight into a body of knowledge that will enable students, professionals and engineers to add significant value to their work.