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Diamond-Based Materials for Biomedical Applications

Diamond-Based Materials for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Roger Narayan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-19
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780857093516
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Summary : Carbon is light-weight, strong, conductive and able to mimic natural materials within the body, making it ideal for many uses within biomedicine. Consequently a great deal of research and funding is being put into this interesting material with a view to increasing the variety of medical applications for which it is suitable. Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications presents readers with the fundamental principles and novel applications of this versatile material. Part one provides a clear introduction to diamond based materials for medical applications. Functionalization of diamond particles and surfaces is discussed, followed by biotribology and biological behaviour of nanocrystalline diamond coatings, and blood compatibility of diamond-like carbon coatings. Part two then goes on to review biomedical applications of diamond based materials, beginning with nanostructured diamond coatings for orthopaedic applications. Topics explored include ultrananocrystalline diamond for neural and ophthalmological applications, nanodiamonds for drug delivery systems, and diamond nucleation and seeding techniques for tissue regeneration. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of diamond materials for microfluidic devices. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications is an authoritative guide for all materials scientists, researchers, medical practitioners and academics investigating the properties and uses of diamond based materials in the biomedical environment. Presents the fundamental principles and novel applications of this versatile material Discusses the functionalization of diamond particles and surfaces, biotribology and biological behaviour of nanocrystalinediamond coatings and blood compatibility of diamond-like carbon coatings Reviews nanostructured diamond coatings for orthopaedic coatings

Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications
  • Author : S.A. Catledge,V. Thomas,Y.K. Vohra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-19
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780128088029
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Summary : With increasing numbers of orthopaedic devices being implanted, greater emphasis is being placed on ceramic coating technology to reduce friction and wear in mating total joint replacement components, in order to improve implant function and increase device lifespan. In this chapter, we consider ultra-hard carbon coatings, with emphasis on nanostructured diamond, as alternative bearing surfaces for metallic components. Such coatings have great potential for use in biomedical implants as a result of their extreme hardness, wear resistance, low friction and biocompatibility. These ultra-hard carbon coatings can be deposited by several techniques resulting in a wide variety of structures and properties.

Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications
  • Author : A. Karczemska
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-19
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780128088074
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Summary : This chapter discusses the possibilities and advantages offered by the use of diamond materials in the fabrication of microfluidic devices. The correct choice of material with optimal properties is crucial in the design of modern microfluidic devices. The different applications of diamond materials in this field are reviewed, along with a discussion of recent development and future trends.

Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications
  • Author : S. Szunerits,R. Boukherroub
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-19
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780128087992
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Summary : Recent advances made in the controlled deposition of diamond thin films with varying morphologies have pushed researchers to consider diamond as an alternative carbon-based material. Surface functionalization is believed to be an effective approach to tune the physical, chemical and electrochemical properties of diamond. Understanding and controlling the functionalization process of diamond surfaces thus holds considerable promise for both fundamental and applied research aspects. This chapter summarizes the state of the art of chemical, photochemical and electrochemical strategies for the grafting of different organic moieties onto diamond.

Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications

Diamond-based materials for biomedical applications
  • Author : R.J. Narayan,R.D. Boehm,A.V. Sumant
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-19
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780128087985
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Summary : Diamond has been considered for use in several medical applications due to its unique mechanical, chemical, optical, and biological properties. In this chapter, methods for preparing synthetic diamond surfaces and particles are described. In addition, recent developments involving the use of diamond in prostheses, sensing, imaging, and drug delivery applications are reviewed. These developments suggest that diamond-containing structures will provide significant improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions over the coming years.

The Design, Synthetic Strategies and Biocompatibility of Polymer Scaffolds for Biomedical Application

The Design, Synthetic Strategies and Biocompatibility of Polymer Scaffolds for Biomedical Application
  • Author : Shunsheng Cao,Huijun Zhu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-13
  • Total pages :357
  • ISBN : 9781608058761
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Summary : Frontiers in Biomaterials: The Design, Synthetic Strategies and Biocompatibility of Polymer Scaffolds for Biomedical Application, Volume 1 highlights the importance of biomaterials and their interaction with biological system. The need for the development of biomaterials as scaffold for tissue regeneration is driven by the increasing demands for materials that mimic functions of extracellular matrices of body tissues. This eBook covers the latest challenges on the biocompatibility of scaffold overtime after implantation and discusses the requirement of innovative technologies and strategies for the development of materials with long-lasting scaffold and biocompatibility functions. The contents of this eBook include chapters on cell-scaffold interactions in three dimensions, nanocrystalline diamond films for biomedical applications, bioceramics-design, synthesis and biological applications, polyester biomaterials for regenerative medicine, nanomaterials for skin regeneration and many more. This book is a valuable resource for MSc and PhD students , academic personnel and researchers seeking updated and critically important information on biomaterials and biomedical applications.

Tribology of Diamond-like Carbon Films

Tribology of Diamond-like Carbon Films
  • Author : Christophe Donnet,Ali Erdemir
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-06
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : 0387498915
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Summary : This book highlights some of the most important structural, chemical, mechanical and tribological characteristics of DLC films. It is particularly dedicated to the fundamental tribological issues that impact the performance and durability of these coatings. The book provides reliable and up-to-date information on available industrial DLC coatings and includes clear definitions and descriptions of various DLC films and their properties.

Fullerenes and Carbon Based Materials

Fullerenes and Carbon Based Materials
  • Author : P. Delhaes,H. Kuzmany
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-11-24
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : UCSC:32106014901463
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Summary : This special issue of Carbon, a collection of reviewed papers, was presented at Symposium A, Fullerenes and Carbon Based Materials at the combined 1997 International Conference on Applied Materials/European Materials Research Society Spring meeting (ICAM'97/E-MRS'97) held in Strasbourg (France) from 16-20 June 1997. 140 presentations were given at the conference in seven different sessions. The most extensively addressed research fields were carbon materials in general, diamond-like carbon, pristine, polymeric and endohedral fullerenes, nanotubes, and carbonitrides. Of accepted manuscripts, the largest number of contributions is dedicated to carbon materials in general and to fullerenes. Highlights in the former are the discussions on hydrogen-free carbons and on hard carbon coatings. In the fullerenes group many new results on polymeric structures and on endohedrally-doped higher fullerenes are reported. The field of carbon nanotubes is strongly represented with reports on new techniques for the production of the tubes and where the analyses by scanning probe microscopy and light scattering are the central problems. Carbonitrides as well as a few contributions from related molecular materials like cubanes or oligophenylenes are included. The symposium proved to be a valuable venue where new scientific and technological problems in the field of new materials were reported.

Coatings for Biomedical Applications

Coatings for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Mike Driver
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-02-22
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9780857093677
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Summary : The biomaterials sector is rapidly expanding and significant advances have been made in the technology of biomedical coatings and materials, which provide a means to improve the wear of joints, change the biological interaction between implant and host and combine the properties of various materials to improve device performance. Coatings for biomedical applications provides an extensive review of coating types and surface modifications for biomedical applications. The first part of the book explores a range of coating types and their biomedical applications. Chapters look at hydrophilic, mineral and pyrolytic carbon coatings in and ex vivo orthopaedic applications and finally at surface modification and preparation techniques. Part two presents case studies of orthopaedic and ophthalmic coatings, and biomedical applications including vascular stents, cardiopulomonary by-pass equipment and ventricular assist devices. With its clear structure and comprehensive review of research, Coatings for biomedical applications is a valuable resource to researchers, scientists and engineers in the biomedical industry. It will also benefit anyone studying or working within the biomedical sector, particularly those specialising in biomedical coatings. Provides an extensive review of coating types and surface modifications for biomedical applications Chapters look at hydrophilic coatings for biomedical applications in and ex vivo, mineral coatings for orthopaedic applications, pyrolytic carbon coating and other commonly-used biomedical coatings Presents case studies of orthopaedic and ophthalmic coatings, and biomedical applications including vascular stents, cardiopulomonary by-pass equipment and ventricular assist devices

Thin Film Coatings for Biomaterials and Biomedical Applications

Thin Film Coatings for Biomaterials and Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Hans J Griesser
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-19
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9781782424765
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Summary : Thin Film Coatings for Biomaterials and Biomedical Applications discusses the latest information on coatings, including their historic use by scientists who are looking to improve the properties and biological responses of the material-host interface. Thin films, in particular, are becoming more widely researched and used as an alternative to traditional sprayed coatings because they have a more uniform structure and therefore greater stability. This book provides readers with a comprehensive guide to thin film coatings and their application in the biomaterials field. Part One of the book details the fundamentals of thin films for biomedical application, while Part Two looks at the special properties of thin films, with a final section reviewing functional thin films and their usage in biomedical applications. Provides a comprehensive review on the fundamentals, properties, and functions of thin film coatings for biomaterials Covers a broad range of applications for implantable biomaterials Written by an international team of contributors who carefully tailor the presented information in a way that addresses industry needs

Diamond and Other Carbon Materials III

Diamond and Other Carbon Materials III
  • Author : Pietro Vincenzini,Paolo Ascarelli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : PSU:000050568659
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Summary :

Diamond: Electronic Properties and Applications

Diamond: Electronic Properties and Applications
  • Author : Lawrence S. Pan,Don R. Kania
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-27
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9781461522577
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Summary : The use of diamond for electronic applications is not a new idea. As early as the 1920's diamonds were considered for their use as photoconductive detectors. However limitations in size and control of properties naturally limited the use of diamond to a few specialty applications. With the development of diamond synthesis from the vapor phase has come a more serious interest in developing diamond-based electronic devices. A unique combination of extreme properties makes diamond partiCularly well suited for high speed, high power, and high temperature applications. Vapor phase deposition of diamond allows large area films to be deposited, whose properties can potentially be controlled. Since the process of diamond synthesis was first realized, great progress have been made in understanding the issues important for growing diamond and fabricating electronic devices. The quality of both intrinsic and doped diamond has improved greatly to the point that viable applications are being developed. Our understanding of the properties and limitations has also improved greatly. While a number of excellent references review the general properties of diamond, this volume summarizes the great deal of literature related only to electronic properties and applications of diamond. We concentrate only on diamond; related materials such as diamond-like carbon (DLC) and other wide bandgap semiconductors are not treated here. In the first chapter Profs. C. Y. Fong and B. M. Klein discuss the band structure of single-crystal diamond and its relation to electronic properties.

Ultrananocrystalline Diamond

Ultrananocrystalline Diamond
  • Author : Olga A. Shenderova,Dieter M. Gruen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-31
  • Total pages :584
  • ISBN : 9781437734669
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Summary : Ultrananocrystalline Diamond: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications is a unique practical reference handbook. Written by the leading experts worldwide it introduces the science of UNCD for both the R&D community and applications developers using UNCD in a diverse range of applications from macro to nanodevices, such as energy-saving ultra-low friction and wear coatings for mechanical pump seals and tools, high-performance MEMS/NEMS-based systems (e.g. in telecommunications), the next generation of high-definition flat panel displays, in-vivo biomedical implants, and biosensors. This work brings together the basic science of nanoscale diamond structures, with detailed information on ultra-nanodiamond synthesis, properties, and applications. The book offers discussion on UNCD in its two forms, as a powder and as a chemical vapor deposited film. Also discussed are the superior mechanical, tribological, transport, electrochemical, and electron emission properties of UNCD for a wide range of applications including MEMS/ NEMS, surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices, electrochemical sensors, coatings for field emission arrays, photonic and RF switching, biosensors, and neural prostheses, etc. Ultrananocrystalline Diamond summarises the most recent developments in the nanodiamond field, and presents them in a way that will be useful to the R&D community in both academic and corporate sectors. Coverage of both nanodiamond particles and films make this a valuable resource for both the nanotechnology community and the field of thin films / vacuum deposition. Written by the world’s leading experts in nanodiamond, this second edition builds on its predecessor’s reputation as the most up-to-date resource in the field.

Novel Aspects of Diamond

Novel Aspects of Diamond
  • Author : Nianjun Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-02
  • Total pages :507
  • ISBN : 9783030124694
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Summary : This book is in honor of the contribution of Professor Xin Jiang (Institute of Materials Engineering, University of Siegen, Germany) to diamond. The objective of this book is to familiarize readers with the scientific and engineering aspects of CVD diamond films and to provide experienced researchers, scientists, and engineers in academia and industry with the latest developments and achievements in this rapidly growing field. This 2nd edition consists of 14 chapters, providing an updated, systematic review of diamond research, ranging from its growth, and properties up to applications. The growth of single-crystalline and doped diamond films is included. The physical, chemical, and engineering properties of these films and diamond nanoparticles are discussed from theoretical and experimental aspects. The applications of various diamond films and nanoparticles in the fields of chemistry, biology, medicine, physics, and engineering are presented.

Biomedical Applications of Nanoparticles

Biomedical Applications of Nanoparticles
  • Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-28
  • Total pages :530
  • ISBN : 9780128166307
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Summary : Biomedical Applications of Nanoparticles describes the most interesting and investigated biomedical applications of nanoparticles, emphasizing their therapeutic impact. Progress made in the therapy of severe diseases, such as cancer and difficult infections is strictly correlated to the scientific progress and technological development in the field of materials science. Nanoparticles have numerous therapeutic applications, starting with the design of new drugs, delivery systems, therapeutic materials, and their contribution to the development of preventive strategies. The book highlights the impact of nanoparticles on the therapy of infections, antimicrobial effect and also anti-cancer strategies. Successful examples are given throughout the book, along with analysis in order to improve future outcomes of novel therapies. Highlights the term nanotherapeutics and presents several classifications of nanotherapeutics from different points-of-view Presents the recent progress related to nanotherapeutics in the oral cavity Provides the recent progress in the field of biomedical nanoparticles

Terahertz Biomedical and Healthcare Technologies

Terahertz Biomedical and Healthcare Technologies
  • Author : Amit Banerjee,Basabi Chakraborty,Hiroshi Inokawa,Jitendra Nath Roy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-11
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 9780128185575
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Summary : Terahertz Biomedical and Healthcare Technologies: Materials to Devices reviews emerging advances in terahertz biomedical and healthcare technologies, including advances in fundamental materials science research, device design and fabrication, applications, and challenges and opportunities for improved performance. In addition, the improvement of materials, optical elements, and measuring techniques are also explored. Other sections cover the design and development of wide bandgap semiconductors for terahertz device applications, including their physics, device modeling, characterization and fabrication concepts. Finally, the book touches on potential defense, medical imaging, internet of things, and the machine learning applications of terahertz technologies. Reviews the latest advances in the fundamental and applied research of terahertz technologies, covering key topics in materials science, biomedical engineering and healthcare informatics Includes applications of terahertz technologies in medical imaging, diagnosis and treatment Provides readers with an understanding of the machine learning, pattern recognition, and data analytics research utilized to enhance the effectiveness of terahertz technologies

Biomaterials

Biomaterials
  • Author : Rosario Pignatello,Teresa Musumeci
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-02
  • Total pages :114
  • ISBN : 9781789230642
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Summary : This contribution book collects five among reviews and original articles from eminent experts working in the interdisciplinary area of biomaterial synthesis and application. From their direct and recent experience, the readers can access the novel and ongoing potentialities of different synthetic and engineered biomaterials. Contributions reflect the fundamental studies, with a particular attention to the physico-chemical mechanical characterization of biomaterials, along with biocompatibility studies and potential clinical use. After an introductory chapter on the question of storage stability for biomaterial-based devices and products and for polymeric nanomedicines, a first review deals with the use and commercial sources of hydroxyapatite in tissue engineering and other biomedical applications. A study follows on optical fiber laser marking on the properties of stainless steel in implant manufacturing. Two other reviews, respectively, focused on the approaches to prevent or treat the effects of calcification that occurs in vivo on biomaterial-based implants and on the encapsulation of pancreatic islet cells for the treatment of type I diabetes will be presented. Finally, an overview on the physical bases and application in biomaterial science of the spray-drying process will close the volume. This setting will allow to achieve a general view of how classical and novel biomaterials can be applied, along with the methodologies necessary to design, develop, and characterize them, without the restrictions necessarily imposed by industrial or profit concerns. Readers will be apprised about the methodologies used to develop biomaterials possessing the physical and biological properties needed for specific medical and clinical applications.

Tribology

Tribology
  • Author : Jürgen Gegner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-22
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9789535111351
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Summary : As the subject of tribology comprises lubrication, friction and wear of contact components highly relevant to practical applications, it challenges scientists from chemistry, physics and materials engineering around the world on todays sophisticated experimental and theoretical foundation to complex interdisciplinary research. Recent results and developments are preferably presented and evaluated in the context of established knowledge. Consisting of eleven chapters divided into the four parts of Lubrication and Properties of Lubricants, Boundary Lubrication Applications, Testing and Modeling, and Sustainability of Tribosystems, this textbook therefore merges basic concepts with new findings and approaches. Tribology Fundamentals and Advancements, supported by competent authors, aims to convey current research trends in the light of the state of the art to students, scientists and practitioners and help them solve their problems.

Pure and Functionalized Carbon Based Nanomaterials

Pure and Functionalized Carbon Based Nanomaterials
  • Author : Pawel K. Zarzycki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-02
  • Total pages :374
  • ISBN : 9781351032292
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Summary : This book describes in a comprehensive manner latest studies conducted by various research groups worldwide focusing on carbon and related nanomaterials. Fourteen chapters of this book deal with a number of key research topics and applications of pure and functionalized carbon nanomaterials and their hybrid nanocomposites. Specifically, the authors have presented interdisciplinary investigations including: (i) carbon nanoparticles and layers synthesis, (ii) analytical aspects of carbon nanomaterials and their characterisation under different conditions as well as (iii) various applications of carbon nanoparticles. They have reported and summarised key applications of carbon particles or nanoobjects in pharmacy, biomedicine, agriculture and food industry, water treatment, physicochemical analysis, optoelectronics, electronic and magnetic materials for supercapacitors or radar adsorbing materials, tribology, chromatography, electrophoresis, bioanalysis, nanobiocatalysis, biofuels production as well as environmental remediation.

Advances in Graphene Science

Advances in Graphene Science
  • Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :282
  • ISBN : 9789535111825
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Summary : Graphene is proving to be the magic material of the 21th century. It is widely accepted that it is the strongest material ever studied and can be an efficient substitute for silicon. Besides, fascinating properties of graphene, such as the highest electrical conductivity among the discovered substances, have dramatically shocked science and technology world. Graphene is a carbon based layer with high atomic density. Its extraordinary characteristics such as extremely high mechanical strength, hardness, and adjustable thermal and electrical conductivity, as well as excellent surface and optical feature through chemical marking, have received great deal of attention by many researchers. This book collects new advances of this interesting nanomaterial.

Diamond and Carbon Composites and Nanocomposites

Diamond and Carbon Composites and Nanocomposites
  • Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-29
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9789535124535
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Summary : During the past few years, scientists have achieved significant successes in nanoscience and technology. Nanotechnology is a branch of science that deals with fine structures and materials with very small dimensions - less than 100 nm. The composite science and technology have also benefits from nanotechnology. This book collects new developments about diamond and carbon composites and nanocomposites and their use in manufacturing technology.