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Directed Self-assembly of Block Co-polymers for Nano-manufacturing

Directed Self-assembly of Block Co-polymers for Nano-manufacturing
  • Author : Roel Gronheid,Paul Nealey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-17
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9780081002612
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Summary : The directed self-assembly (DSA) method of patterning for microelectronics uses polymer phase-separation to generate features of less than 20nm, with the positions of self-assembling materials externally guided into the desired pattern. Directed self-assembly of Block Co-polymers for Nano-manufacturing reviews the design, production, applications and future developments needed to facilitate the widescale adoption of this promising technology. Beginning with a solid overview of the physics and chemistry of block copolymer (BCP) materials, Part 1 covers the synthesis of new materials and new processing methods for DSA. Part 2 then goes on to outline the key modelling and characterization principles of DSA, reviewing templates and patterning using topographical and chemically modified surfaces, line edge roughness and dimensional control, x-ray scattering for characterization, and nanoscale driven assembly. Finally, Part 3 discusses application areas and related issues for DSA in nano-manufacturing, including for basic logic circuit design, the inverse DSA problem, design decomposition and the modelling and analysis of large scale, template self-assembly manufacturing techniques. Authoritative outlining of theoretical principles and modeling techniques to give a thorough introdution to the topic Discusses a broad range of practical applications for directed self-assembly in nano-manufacturing Highlights the importance of this technology to both the present and future of nano-manufacturing by exploring its potential use in a range of fields

Gyroid Optical Metamaterials

Gyroid Optical Metamaterials
  • Author : James A. Dolan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-04
  • Total pages :132
  • ISBN : 9783030030117
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Summary : This thesis explores the fabrication of gyroid-forming block copolymer templates and the optical properties of the resulting gyroid optical metamaterials, significantly contributing to our understanding of both. It demonstrates solvent vapour annealing to improve the long-range order of the templates, and investigates the unique crystallisation behaviour of their semicrystalline block. Furthermore, it shows that gyroid optical metamaterials that exhibit only short-range order are optically equivalent to nanoporous gold, and that the anomalous linear dichroism of gyroid optical metamaterials with long-range order is the result of the surface termination of the bulk gyroid morphology. Optical metamaterials are artificially engineered materials that, by virtue of their structure rather than their chemistry, may exhibit various optical properties not otherwise encountered in nature (e.g. a negative refractive index). However, these structures must be significantly smaller than the wavelength of visible light and are therefore challenging to fabricate using traditional “top down” techniques. Instead, a “bottom up” approach can be used, whereby optical metamaterials are fabricated via templates created by the self-assembly of block-copolymers. One such morphology is the gyroid, a chiral, continuous and triply periodic cubic network found in a range of natural and synthetic self-assembled systems.

Polyester

Polyester
  • Author : Nurhan Onar Camlibel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-14
  • Total pages :98
  • ISBN : 9789535138815
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Summary : Polyester is one of the most important polymers for fibers and composites. Significant developments in nanoparticle-doped polyester composites, polyester recycling, flame-retardant unsaturated polyester resins, and application of polyester for construction and automotive industry are currently carried out. Thus, this book provides leading edge research on improvements of functional properties of polyester, modifications of unsaturated polyester resins, and polyester (especially recycled polyester) usage in construction and in automotive application areas in the form of fiber, resin, and composite. The book also covers the characterization of unique features of polyester found by mechanical, chemical, physical, microstructural, and thermal analyses. This book intends to provide an understanding of the developments of functional polyester production, synthesis, and characterization and support to many academic researchers and graduate students in textile, polymer, composite, chemical science, and research and development managers in recycling and composite applications of polyester in the construction and automotive industry.

Molecular Self-assembly in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Molecular Self-assembly in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
  • Author : Ayben Kilislioglu,Selcan Karakus
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-10
  • Total pages :142
  • ISBN : 9789535131571
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Summary : Self-assembly is a common principle in molecular fabrication of natural and synthetic systems and has many important applications in the fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology. This book provides clear explanations of the principles of self-assembly with the limitations along with examples and research-based results with discussion for students, researchers, and professions.

Polymer Thin Films

Polymer Thin Films
  • Author : Ophelia Kwan Chui Tsui
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :301
  • ISBN : 9789812818829
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Summary : Polymer thin films is an emerging area driven by their enormous technological potential and the intellectually challenging academic problems associated with them. This book contains a collection of review articles on the current topics of polymer films written by leading experts in the field. To reflect the interdisciplinary nature of this field, the contributors hail from a wide range of disciplines, including chemists, chemical engineers, materials scientists, engineers, and physicists. The goal of this book is to provide readers, whether involved in or outside of the field of polymer films, with an encompassing and informative reference.

Materials Nanoarchitectonics

Materials Nanoarchitectonics
  • Author : Katsuhiko Ariga,Mitsuhiro Ebara
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-29
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9783527342907
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Summary : A unique overview of the manufacture of and applications for materials nanoarchitectonics, placing otherwise hard-to-find information in context. Edited by highly respected researchers from the most renowned materials science institute in Japan, the first part of this volume focuses on the fabrication and characterization of zero to three-dimensional nanomaterials, while the second part presents already existing as well as emerging applications in physics, chemistry, biology, and biomedicine.

Soft Nanomaterials

Soft Nanomaterials
  • Author : Zhang Ye,Xu Bing
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-18
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9789811201042
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Summary : Soft materials with nanometer scale aspects have been heavily used in biomedical science. Instead of providing a broad introduction of soft materials and their biomedical applications, this book focuses on the preparation of molecular assemblies of biotechnologically relevant biomimetic systems with an emphasis on medical applications.

The Transfer of National Nanotechnology Initiative Research Outcomes for Commercial and Public Benefit

The Transfer of National Nanotechnology Initiative Research Outcomes for Commercial and Public Benefit
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007). Subcommittee on Research and Science Education
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :93
  • ISBN : PSU:000063524208
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Summary :

Directed Self-assembly of Diblock Copolymer Thin Films on Chemically Nanopatterned Substrates

Directed Self-assembly of Diblock Copolymer Thin Films on Chemically Nanopatterned Substrates
  • Author : Erik WiIliam Edwards
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :211
  • ISBN : WISC:89086987302
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Summary :

Block Copolymer Nanocomposites

Block Copolymer Nanocomposites
  • Author : Galder Kortaberria,Agnieszka Tercjak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-14
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9781315341187
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive overview of the synthesis and characterization of nanocomposites based on block copolymers. Because of the self-assembly capability of block copolymers for the generation of nanostructures, besides their ability to nanostructure thermosetting matrices such as epoxy and polyester, binary or ternary nanocomposites can be prepared with different nanofillers such as nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes. The book starts with a review on nanocomposites based on block copolymers and nanoparticles synthesized with the use of surfactants, followed by a review on nanocomposites with metallic nanoparticles with polymer brushes and those with carbon nanotubes. A chapter is devoted to binary systems based on block copolymers and nanoparticles synthesized by sol-gel. A review on nanocomposites based on thermosetting matrices nanostructured with block copolymers (amphiphilic or chemically modified) is also presented for both epoxy and polyester resins. The work on ternary systems based on thermosetting matrices, block copolymers, and nanoparticles is presented next. The book concludes with a discussion on nanocomposites based on epoxy and block copolymers with azobenzene groups for optical purposes.

Directed Self-assembly of Block Copolymer Films on Chemically Nanopatterned Surfaces

Directed Self-assembly of Block Copolymer Films on Chemically Nanopatterned Surfaces
  • Author : Adam M. Welander
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :88
  • ISBN : WISC:89103205936
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Summary :

Advanced Nanomaterials for Solar Cells and Light Emitting Diodes

Advanced Nanomaterials for Solar Cells and Light Emitting Diodes
  • Author : Feng Gao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-15
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9780128136478
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Summary : Advanced Nanomaterials for Solar Cells and Light Emitting Diodes discusses the importance of nanomaterials as the active layers in solar cells and light emitting diodes (LEDs), along with the progress of nanomaterials as the electron and hole transporting layers. Specifically, the book reviews the use of nano-morphology of polymers, small molecules, and the organic-inorganic perovskites as the active layers in solar cells and LEDs. The design, fabrication and properties of metal-oxide-based nano-structures as electron and hole transporting layers are also reviewed. In addition, the development of plasmonic nanomaterials for solar cells and LEDs is discussed. Each topic in this book includes an overview of the materials system from principles to process. The advantages, disadvantages and related methodologies are highlighted. The book includes applications based on materials and emphasize how to improve the performance of solar cells and LEDs by the materials design, with a focus on nanomaterials. Provides latest research on nanostructured materials including small molecules, polymers, organic-inorganic perovskites, and many other relevant materials systems for solar cells and LEDs Addresses each promising materials system from principles to process, detailing the advantages and disadvantages of the most relevant methods of processing and fabrication Looks ahead to most likely techniques to improve performance of solar cells and light emitting diodes

Synthesis and Applications of Copolymers

Synthesis and Applications of Copolymers
  • Author : Anbanandam Parthiban
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-23
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781118860489
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Summary : Understanding the reactivity of monomers is crucial in creating copolymers and determining the outcome of copolymerization. Covering the fundamental aspects of polymerization, Synthesis and Applications of Copolymers explores the reactivity of monomers and reaction conditions that ensure that the newly formed polymeric materials exhibit desired properties. Referencing a wide-range of disciplines, the book provides researchers, students, and scientists with the preparation of a diverse variety of copolymers and their recent developments, with a particular focus on copolymerization, crystallization, and techniques like nanoimprinting and micropatterning.

Microlithography

Microlithography
  • Author : Bruce W. Smith,Kazuaki Suzuki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-03
  • Total pages :864
  • ISBN : 9781420051537
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Summary : This new edition of the bestselling Microlithography: Science and Technology provides a balanced treatment of theoretical and operational considerations, from elementary concepts to advanced aspects of modern submicron microlithography. Each chapter reflects the current research and practices from the world's leading academic and industrial laboratories detailed by a stellar panel of international experts. New in the Second Edition In addition to updated information on existing material, this new edition features coverage of technologies developed over the last decade since the first edition appeared, including: Immersion Lithography 157nm Lithography Electron Projection Lithography (EPL) Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Lithography Imprint Lithography Photoresists for 193nm and Immersion Lithography Scatterometry Microlithography: Science and Technology, Second Edition authoritatively covers the physics, chemistry, optics, metrology tools and techniques, resist processing and materials, and fabrication methods involved in the latest generations of microlithography such as immersion lithography and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography. It also looks ahead to the possible future systems and technologies that will bring the next generations to fruition. Loaded with illustrations, equations, tables, and time-saving references to the most current literature, this book is the most comprehensive and reliable source for anyone, from student to seasoned professional, looking to achieve robust, accurate, and cost-effective microlithography processes and systems.

Inorganic Nanoarchitectures by Organic Self-Assembly

Inorganic Nanoarchitectures by Organic Self-Assembly
  • Author : Stefan Guldin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-04
  • Total pages :165
  • ISBN : 9783319003122
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Summary : Macromolecular self-assembly - driven by weak, non-covalent, intermolecular forces - is a common principle of structure formation in natural and synthetic organic materials. The variability in material arrangement on the nanometre length scale makes this an ideal way of matching the structure-function demands of photonic and optoelectronic devices. However, suitable soft matter systems typically lack the appropriate photoactivity, conductivity or chemically stability. This thesis explores the implementation of soft matter design principles for inorganic thin film nanoarchitectures. Sacrificial block copolymers and colloids are employed as structure-directing agents for the co-assembly of solution-based inorganic materials, such as TiO_2 and SiO_2. Novel fabrication and characterization methods allow unprecedented control of material formation on the 10 – 500 nm length scale, allowing the design of material architectures with interesting photonic and optoelectronic properties.

Principles of Lithography

Principles of Lithography
  • Author : Harry J. Levinson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :423
  • ISBN : 0819456608
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Summary : Lithography is a field in which advances proceed at a swift pace. This book was written to address several needs, and the revisions for the second edition were made with those original objectives in mind. Many new topics have been included in this text commensurate with the progress that has taken place during the past few years, and several subjects are discussed in more detail. This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the science of microlithography for people who are unfamiliar with the subject. Topics directly related to the tools used to manufacture integrated circuits are addressed in depth, including such topics as overlay, the stages of exposure, tools, and light sources. This text also contains numerous references for students who want to investigate particular topics in more detail, and they provide the experienced lithographer with lists of references by topic as well. It is expected that the reader of this book will have a foundation in basic physics and chemistry. No topics will require knowledge of mathematics beyond elementary calculus.

Morphology, Directed Self-assembly and Pattern Transfer from a High Molecular Weight Polystyrene-block-poly(dimethylsiloxane) Block Copolymer Film

Morphology, Directed Self-assembly and Pattern Transfer from a High Molecular Weight Polystyrene-block-poly(dimethylsiloxane) Block Copolymer Film
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1053759493
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Summary : Abstract: The self-assembly of block copolymers with large feature sizes is inherently challenging as the large kinetic barrier arising from chain entanglement of high molecular weight (MW) polymers limits the extent over which long-range ordered microdomains can be achieved. Here, we illustrate the evolution of thin film morphology from a diblock copolymer of polystyrene-block-poly(dimethylsiloxane) exhibiting total number average MW of 123 kg mol −1, and demonstrate the formation of layers of well-ordered cylindrical microdomains under appropriate conditions of binary solvent mix ratio, commensurate film thickness, and solvent vapor annealing time. Directed self-assembly of the block copolymer within lithographically patterned trenches occurs with alignment of cylinders parallel to the sidewalls. Fabrication of ordered cobalt nanowire arrays by pattern transfer was also implemented, and their magnetic properties and domain wall behavior were characterized.

Evaporative Self-Assembly of Ordered Complex Structures

Evaporative Self-Assembly of Ordered Complex Structures
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9789814465045
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Summary :

Molecular Technology, Volume 2

Molecular Technology, Volume 2
  • Author : Hisashi Yamamoto,Takashi Kato
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-10
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9783527341627
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Summary : Edited by foremost leaders in chemical research together with a number of distinguished international authors, Volume 2 presents the most important and promising recent chemical developments in life sciences, neatly summarized in one book. Interdisciplinary and application-oriented, this ready reference focuses on methods and processes with a high practical aspect, covering new trends in drug delivery, in-vivo analysis, structure formation and much more. Of great interest to chemists and life scientists in academia and industry.

Block Copolymers in Nanoscience

Block Copolymers in Nanoscience
  • Author : Massimo Lazzari,Guojun Liu,Sebastién Lecommandoux
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-27
  • Total pages :447
  • ISBN : 9783527610563
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Summary : This first book to take a detailed look at one of the key focal points where nanotechnology and polymers meet provides both an introductory view for beginners as well as in-depth knowledge for specialists in the various research areas involved. It investigates all types of application for block copolymers: as tools for fabricating other nanomaterials, as structural components in hybrid materials and nanocomposites, and as functional materials. The multidisciplinary approach covers all stages from chemical synthesis and characterization, presenting applications from physics and chemistry to biology and medicine, such as micro- and nanolithography, membranes, optical labeling, drug delivery, as well as sensory and analytical uses.

Nanomanufacturing Handbook

Nanomanufacturing Handbook
  • Author : Ahmed Busnaina
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9781351829830
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Summary : Breakthroughs in nanotechnology have been coming at a rapid pace over the past few years. This was fueled by significant worldwide investments by governments and industry. But if these promising young technologies cannot begin to show commercial viability soon, that funding is in danger of disappearing as investors lose their appetites and the economic and scientific promise of nanotechnology may not be realized. Scrutinizing the barriers to commercial scale-up of nanotechnologies, the Nanomanufacturing Handbook presents a broad survey of the research being done to bring nanotechnology out of the laboratory and into the factory. Current research into nanotechnology focuses on the underlying science, but as this forward-looking handbook points out, the immediate need is for research into scale-up, process robustness, and system integration issues. Taking that message to heart, this book collects cutting-edge research from top experts who examine such topics as surface-programmed assembly, fabrication and applications of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) including nanoelectronics, manufacturing nanoelectrical contacts, room-temperature nanoimprint and nanocontact technologies, nanocontacts and switch reliability, defects and surface preparation, and other innovative, application-driven initiatives. In addition to these technical issues, the author provides a survey of the current state of nanomanufacturing in the United States—the first of its kind—and coverage also reaches into patenting nanotechnologies as well as regulatory and societal issues. With timely, authoritative coverage accompanied by numerous illustrations, the Nanomanufacturing Handbook clarifies the current challenges facing industrial-scale nanotechnologies and outlines advanced tools and strategies that will help overcome them.