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Discovery and Development of Antidiabetic Agents from Natural Products

Discovery and Development of Antidiabetic Agents from Natural Products
  • Author : Goutam Brahmachari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-11
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9780128096925
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Summary : Discovery and Development of Antidiabetic Agents from Natural Products brings together global research on the medicinal chemistry of active agents from natural sources for the prevention and treatment of diabetes and associated disorders. From the identification of promising leads, to the extraction and synthesis of bioactive molecules, this book explores a range of important topics to support chemists in the discovery and development of safer, more economical therapeutics that are desperately needed in response to this emerging global epidemic. Beginning with an overview of bioactive chemical compounds from plants with anti-diabetic properties, the book goes on to outline the identification and extraction of anti-diabetic agents and antioxidants from natural sources. It then explores anti-diabetic plants from specific regions before looking more closely at the background, isolation, and synthesis of key therapeutic compounds and their derivatives, including Mangiferin, Resveratrol, natural saponins, and alpha-glucosidase enzyme inhibitors. The book concludes with a consideration of current and potential future applications. Combining the expertise of specialists from around the world, this volume aims to support and encourage medicinal chemists investigating natural sources as starting points for the development of standardized, safe, and effective antidiabetic therapeutics. Contains chapters written by active researchers and leading global experts who are deeply engaged in the research field of natural product chemistry for drug discovery Provides comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge research advances in the design of medicinal natural products with potential as preventives and therapeutics for diabetes and related metabolic issues Presents a practical review of the identification, isolation, and extraction techniques that help support medicinal chemists in the lab

Discovery and Development of Neuroprotective Agents from Natural Products

Discovery and Development of Neuroprotective Agents from Natural Products
  • Author : Goutam Brahmachari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-18
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 9780128097694
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Summary : Discovery and Development of Neuroprotective Agents from Natural Products draws together global research on medicinal agents from natural sources as starting points for the design of neuroprotective drugs. From the prediction of promising leads and identification of active agents to the extraction of complex molecules, the book explores a range of important topics to support the development of safer, more economical therapeutics for these increasingly prevalent diseases. Beginning with an overview of current developments in the field, the book goes on to explore the identification, extraction and phytochemistry of such neuroprotective agents as antioxidants, biophenols and naturally occurring anti-inflammatory steroid analogues. Specific natural sources of bioactive agents are reviewed, and the development of these agents into therapeutics for a number of specific neurological disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and ischemic brain stroke, are discussed. Combining the expertise of specialists from around the world, this in the Natural Products Drug Discovery series aims to support and encourage researchers in the investigation of natural sources as starting points for the development of standardized, safe and effective neuroprotective drugs. Features chapters written by active researchers and leading global experts deeply engaged in the research field of natural product chemistry for drug discovery Includes comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge research advances in the design of drugs from natural products targeted at different kinds of neurodegenerative diseases Offers a practical review of identification, isolation and extraction techniques to support medicinal chemists in the lab

Drug Discovery from Nature

Drug Discovery from Nature
  • Author : S. Grabley,R. Thiericke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-11-26
  • Total pages :347
  • ISBN : 3540648445
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Summary : This book is unique in covering the present status and future potential of natural products in drug discovery. It provides readers with recent information regarding the impact on drug discovery, development and strategies, technical and automation aspects, and methods based on biochemistry as well as molecular biology, highlighting compounds from natural sources. Special emphasis is placed on the various strategies to gain access to natural compounds and combinatorial approaches by making use of both synthetic and biological methods.

Discovery and Development of Therapeutics from Natural Products Against Neglected Tropical Diseases

Discovery and Development of Therapeutics from Natural Products Against Neglected Tropical Diseases
  • Author : Goutam Brahmachari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-15
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 0128157232
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Summary : Discovery and Development of Therapeutics from Natural Products against Neglected Tropical Diseases draws together research on medicinal agents from natural sources as starting points for the design of drugs against Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). From the prediction of promising leads and identification of active agents, to the extraction of complex molecules, the book explores novel, economical and efficacious therapeutics for these diseases. It describes current research and the role of natural products, antimalarial compounds from marine natural products and sesquiterpene lactones, natural antileprotic agents, natural products with potential against Leishmaniasis, Trypanosomiasis and Dengue, and more. In addition, Quinoline and Isoquinoline alkaloids for developing new antiprotozoal agents are discussed, alongside anti-trypanosomatid heterocyclic compounds as structures for development. Combining the expertise of specialists from around the world, this volume aims to support and encourage researchers in the investigation of natural sources as starting points for the development of novel, safe and effective agents for use against neglected tropical diseases. Includes chapters written by active researchers and leading global experts deeply engaged in the research field of natural product chemistry for drug discovery Draws together cutting-edge research advances in natural product chemistry that are targeted at neglected tropical diseases Highlights the future potential of natural products as sources of novel medicinal compounds against neglected tropical diseases

Phytochemicals as Lead Compounds for New Drug Discovery

Phytochemicals as Lead Compounds for New Drug Discovery
  • Author : Chukwuebuka Egbuna,Shashank Kumar,Jonathan C. Ifemeje,Shahira M. Ezzat,Saravanan Kaliyaperumal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-07
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9780128178911
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Summary : Phytochemicals as Lead Compounds for New Drug Discovery presents complete coverage of the recent advances in the discovery of phytochemicals from medicinal plants as models to the development of new drugs and chemical entities. Functional bioactive compounds of plant origin have been an invaluable source for many human therapeutic drugs and have played a major role in the treatment of diseases around the world. These compounds possess enormous structural and chemical diversity and have led to many important discoveries. This book presents fundament concepts and factors affecting the choice for plant-based products, as well as recent advances in computer-aided drug discovery and FDA drug candidacy acceptance criteria. It also details the various bioactive lead compounds and molecular targets for a range of life-threatening diseases including cancer, diabetes, and neurodegenerative diseases. Written by a global team of experts, Phytochemicals as Lead Compounds for New Drug Discovery is an ideal resource for drug developers, phytochemists, plant biochemists, food and medicinal chemists, nutritionists and toxicologists, chemical ecologists, taxonomists, analytical chemists, and other researchers in those fields. It will also be very valuable to professors, students, and researchers in this domain. Presents fundamental concepts and factors affecting choice for plant-based products Details the FDA drug candidacy acceptance criteria, including bottlenecks and way forward Highlights recent advances in computational-based drug discovery Focuses on the discovery of new drugs and potential druggable targets for the treatment of chronic diseases of world importance

Biomedical Index to PHS-supported Research

Biomedical Index to PHS-supported Research
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : IND:30000090515432
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Summary :

Natural Products and Drug Discovery

Natural Products and Drug Discovery
  • Author : Subhash C. Mandal,Vivekananda Mandal,Tetsuya Konishi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-16
  • Total pages :776
  • ISBN : 9780081021040
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Summary : Natural Products and Drug Discovery: An Integrated Approach provides an applied overview of the field, from traditional medicinal targets, to cutting-edge molecular techniques. Natural products have always been of key importance to drug discovery, but as modern techniques and technologies have allowed researchers to identify, isolate, extract and synthesize their active compounds in new ways, they are once again coming to the forefront of drug discovery. Combining the potential of traditional medicine with the refinement of modern chemical technology, the use of natural products as the basis for drugs can help in the development of more environmentally sound, economical, and effective drug discovery processes. Natural Products & Drug Discovery: An Integrated Approach reflects on the current changes in this field, giving context to the current shift and using supportive case studies to highlight the challenges and successes faced by researchers in integrating traditional medicinal sources with modern chemical technologies. It therefore acts as a useful reference to medicinal chemists, phytochemists, biochemists, pharma R&D professionals, and drug discovery students and researchers. Reviews the changing role of natural products in drug discovery, integrating traditional knowledge with modern molecular technologies Highlights the potential future role of natural products in preventative medicine Supported by real world case studies throughout

Antioxidant-Antidiabetic Agents and Human Health

Antioxidant-Antidiabetic Agents and Human Health
  • Author : Oluwafemi Oguntibeju
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-05
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9789535112150
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Summary : The human system employs the use of endogenous enzymatic as well as non-enzymatic antioxidant defence systems against the onslaught of free radicals and oxidative stress. Enzymatic antioxidants and non-enzymatic antioxidants work synergistically with each other, using different mechanisms against different free radicals and stages of oxidative stress. Dietary and lifestyle modifications are seen as the mainstay of treatment and management of chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. The major aims of dietary and lifestyle changes are to reduce weight, improve glycaemic control and reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, which accounts for 70- 80% of deaths among those with diabetes. It is also important to note that medicinal plants have been used as medicines since ancient time, and continue to play significant role even in modern medicine in management and treatment of chronic diseases. Impressive numbers of modern therapeutic agents have been developed from plants. Phytochemicals have been isolated and characterised from fruits such as grapes and apples, vegetables such as broccoli and onion, spices such as turmeric, beverages such as green tea and red wine, as well as many other sources. The WHO estimates that approximately 80% of the worlds inhabitants rely on traditional medicine for their primary health care and many medicinal plants have ethno-medical claims of usefulness in the treatment of diabetes and other chronic diseases globally, and have been employed empirically in antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic, antihypertensive, antinflammatory and antiparasitic remedies. This book examines the role of antioxidant-rich natural products in management and treatment of diabetes and other chronic diseases.

Natural Products in Medicinal Chemistry

Natural Products in Medicinal Chemistry
  • Author : Stephen Hanessian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-18
  • Total pages :652
  • ISBN : 9783527676552
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Summary : The inspiration provided by biologically active natural products to conceive of hybrids, congeners, analogs and unnatural variants is discussed by experts in the field in 16 highly informative chapters. Using well-documented studies over the past decade, this timely monograph demonstrates the current importance and future potential of natural products as starting points for the development of new drugs with improved properties over their progenitors. The examples are chosen so as to represent a wide range of natural products with therapeutic relevance among others, as anticancer agents, antimicrobials, antifungals, antisense nucleosides, antidiabetics, and analgesics. From the content: * Part I: Natural Products as Sources of Potential Drugs and Systematic Compound Collections * Part II: From Marketed Drugs to Designed Analogs and Clinical Candidates * Part III: Natural Products as an Incentive for Enabling Technologies * Part IV: Natural Products as Pharmacological Tools * Part V: Nature: The Provider, the Enticer, and the Healer

Synthesis of Medicinal Agents from Plants

Synthesis of Medicinal Agents from Plants
  • Author : Ashish Tewari,Supriya Tiwari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-17
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9780081022740
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Summary : Synthesis of Medicinal Agents from Plants highlights the importance of synthesizing medicinal agents from plants and outlines methods for performing it effectively. Beginning with an introduction to the significance of medicinal plants, the book goes on to provide a historical overview of drug synthesis before exploring how this can be used to successfully replicate and adapt the active agents from natural sources. Chapters then explore the medicinal properties of a number of important plants, before concluding with a discussion of the future of drugs from medicinal plants. Illustrated with real-world examples, it is a practical resource for researchers in this field. In an age of rapid environmental destruction, hundreds of medicinal plants are at risk of extinction from overexploitation and deforestation, limiting the natural resources available for active agent extraction, thereby threatening the discovery of future cures for diseases. Simultaneously, with the increasing population and advances in medical sciences, the demand for drugs is continuously increasing and cannot be met with just plants. The ability to synthetically replicate the active compounds from these plants is essential in creating an ecologically-aware, sustainable future for drug design Includes detailed coverage of therapeutic compound synthesis Uses multiple real-world examples to support content Lays out a sustainable template for the future of developing active agents from natural products

Drug Development for Cancer and Diabetes

Drug Development for Cancer and Diabetes
  • Author : K. Saravanan,Chukwuebuka Egbuna,Horne Iona Averal,S. Kannan,S. Elavarasi,Bir Bahadur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-30
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 9781000639988
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Summary : Key features include: Details the role of plants for the treatment and management of cancer and diabetes Discusses the role of phytocompounds as ligands for cancer and diabetic targets Reviews plants and the potential of phytochemicals as antidiabetic and anticancer drugs Explores the green biosynthesis of nanoparticles and their treatment efficiency

Drug Discovery & Development

Drug Discovery & Development
  • Author : Bhushan Patwardhan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 8189422294
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Summary : While biotechnological advances, genomics and high throughput screenings or combinatorial and asymmetric syntheses are opening new opportunities in drug discovery, the industry is facing serious innovation deficit. The total number of new molecules registered per year has dropped in contrast to expected increase. Post marketing failures of blockbuster drugs have become major concerns of industries. On the other side, globally there is a major shift to sue of traditional medicine involving complementary and alternative therapies. Ethnopharmacology and traditional medicines have contributed in past significantly in the process of natural product drug discovery. There are two clear tracks where ethnopharmacology has potential to contribute in future drug research. First, as a discovery engine to provide new targets, leads, and second, use of quality assured and standardized traditional medicines. In this scenario, it is important to understand the mechanisms of drug discovery and pharmaceutical development with a focus on herbal drugs and neutraceutical. This book provides historical perspective, future prospects and significance of ethnopharmacology in drug research. It also provides important steps in botanical drug discovery and development including bioprospecting, quality control, standardization, pharmaceutics, stability, pharmacokinetics, and bioavailability with examples from ethnopharmacology and herbal medicine. One of the important feature of this book is to give an excellent insight to Good Laboratory and Good Clinical Practices along with very useful summary steps involved in filing IND or NDA of botanical products. The book also gives Regulators' perspective of validating claims and how ethnopharmacological or traditional medicines need different approach.

Unveiling Diabetes - Historical Milestones in Diabetology

Unveiling Diabetes - Historical Milestones in Diabetology
  • Author : V. Jörgens,M. Porta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-06
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9783318067347
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Summary : A history of diabetology told by renowned contributors, many have themselves already become a part of diabetes history. A must-have for every diabetologist! Diabetologists, diabetes educators, and many interested readers will appreciate this book. What is more, countless celebrations are planned for the 100th anniversary of the discovery of insulin: this book provides numerous illustrations, accounts of personal experiences, and critical remarks on the history of diabetology – in addition to the history of insulin. It spans an arc from antiquity to the work of Claude Bernard, Paul Langerhans, Josef von Mering, Apollinaire Bouchardat, Oskar Minkowski, E.P. Joslin, and F.M. Allen. The history of insulin is presented from the perspective of diabetologists from Scotland, Spain, Germany, and Poland. The history of oral antidiabetics is told by Harald Lebovitz, and the chapter about glitazones by Edwin Gale reads like a spy novel! Pierre Lefèbvre describes the work of the diabetologist Jean Pirart and the history of glucagon. Sir George Alberti has provided a chapter about the therapy of ketoacidosis, to which he himself made groundbreaking contributions. Nephropathy is presented by Hans-Henrik Parving, and Eva Kohner, Ronald Klein and Barbara E.K. Klein have contributed a chapter on retinopathy. Other contemporary topics such diabetes in pregnancy, diabetes technology, psychosocial aspects of diabetes, and the history of the EASD and ADA are also included in this book.

The Role of Natural Products in Drug Discovery

The Role of Natural Products in Drug Discovery
  • Author : J. Mulzer,R. Bohlmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :351
  • ISBN : 9783662040423
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Summary : Natural Products have been important sources of useful drugs from prehistoric times to the present. This book gives an overview about this field and provides important recent contributions to the discovery of new drugs generated by research on natural products. Total synthesis of natural products with interesting biological activities is paving the way for the preparation of new and improved analogs. The methods of combinatorial chemistry permit the selection of the best drug from a large number of candidates. Beyond synthesis and evaluation of organic molecules a number of new bioorganic methods are coming to the fore and will be discucced in this isue of the ERnst schering Research Foundation workshop proceedings.

Natural Products

Natural Products
  • Author : Lixin Zhang,Arnold L. Demain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-17
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 9781592599769
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Summary : A fresh examination of the past successes of natural products as medicines and their new future from both conventional and new technologies. High-performance liquid chromatography profiling, combinatorial synthesis, genomics, proteomics, DNA shuffling, bioinformatics, and genetic manipulation all now make it possible to rapidly evaluate the activities of extracts as well as purified components derived from microbes, plants, and marine organisms. The authors apply these methods to new natural product drug discoveries, to microbial diversity, to specific groups of products (Chinese herbal drugs, antitumor drugs from microbes and plants, terpenoids, and arsenic compounds), and to specific sources (the sea, rainforest, and endophytes). These new opportunities show how research and development trends in the pharmaceutical industry can advance to include both synthetic compounds and natural products, and how this paradigm shift can be more productive and efficacious.

Studies in Natural Products Chemistry

Studies in Natural Products Chemistry
  • Author : Suresh R. Naik,Ganesh R. Kokil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-15
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9780128084922
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Summary : Bioactive natural products are an excellent source of novel therapeutics. The search for bioactive molecules from nature continues to play a major role in developing new generation natural products of therapeutic importance. The present critical review includes research work carried out by active researchers in natural products’ chemistry, pharmacology and therapeutics, and their implications in antidiabetic medications. This compiled scientific information will be a useful resource for future research especially in indentifying promising leads and direction for the development of novel drugs including useful adjuvants for the treatment of diabetic patient. The present therapeutic approaches in the treatment of diabetes are mainly focused to lower the elevated blood glucose by reducing its absorption in gastrointestinal tract, enhancing the sensitivity of insulin, controlling or modulating hepatic glucose output, and increased utilization of the glucose by the peripheral tissues. Involvement of oxidative stress and its impact on the cellular damage in diabetes mellitus has been established and could be a useful paradigm for the development of novel antihyperglycemics along with other therapeutic strategies. The present review also highlights the effects of various herbs, phytoconstituents, phytochemicals, microbial metabolites, and products of marine origins on hyperglycemic/diabetic conditions. Furthermore, efforts were made to discuss novel molecular targets such as insulin-signaling pathways, peroxisome proliferative activating receptor-γ, and G-protein-coupled receptors that are participating in enhancing/influencing insulin secretion, critical carbohydrate metabolism pathways, endoplasmic reticulum stress-related pathways, intracellular events associated intracellular inflammation, and chromatin-modification pathways involvement in antidiabetic activity and their significance.

Bioactive Natural Products

Bioactive Natural Products
  • Author : Goutam Brahmachari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-23
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9783527337941
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Summary : Natural compounds, which have evolved their function over millions of years, are often more efficient than man-made compounds if a specific biological activity is needed, e.g. as an enzyme inhibitor or as a toxin to kill a cancer cell. This book comprising of sixteen technical chapters, highlights the chemical and biological aspects of potential natural products with an intention of unravelling their pharmaceutical applicability in modern drug discovery processes. Key features: Covers the synthesis, semi-synthesis and also biosynthesis of potentially bioactive natural products Features chemical and biological advances in naturally occurring organic compounds describing their chemical transformations, mode of actions, and structure-activity relationships 40 expert scientists from around the world report their latest findings and outline future opportunities for the development of novel and highly potent drugs based on natural products operating at the interface of chemistry and biology Forward-looking: Addresses opportunities and cutting-edge developments rather than well-documented basic knowledge, pinpoints current trends and future directions in this rapidly-evolving field Application-oriented: Throughout the book, the focus is on actual and potential applications in pharmacology and biotechnology This book is an essential resource for natural products chemists, medicinal chemists, biotechnologists, biochemists, pharmacologists, as well as the pharmaceutical and biotechnological industries.

Natural Products in the New Millennium: Prospects and Industrial Application

Natural Products in the New Millennium: Prospects and Industrial Application
  • Author : Amélia Pilar Rauter,Fernando Brito Palma,Jorge Justino,Maria Eduarda Araújo,Susana Pina dos Santos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :505
  • ISBN : 9789401598767
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Summary : This book deals with a variety of aspects of natural product research. It includes review articles and revised original contributions involving analysis, isolation and structure elucidation, synthesis and bioactivity of terrestrial and marine natural products. Plant cell biotechnology for the production of secondary metabolites is discussed. This volume provides also outstanding information about the industrial application of natural products for medicinal purposes. The broad interdisciplinary approach found in this book, which comprises 50 papers, makes it interesting to the scientists, whose work is in any way related to the research or use of natural products.

Molecular Insight of Drug Design

Molecular Insight of Drug Design
  • Author : Arli Aditya Parikesit
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-29
  • Total pages :130
  • ISBN : 9781789236323
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Summary : The approaches in drug design are mainly comprised of these three multidisciplinary sciences. First, Bioinformatics has successfully gather biological data in form of biomolecular sequences, in order to construct knowledge on drug and vaccine design. It is of considerable importance for drug designers to comprehend the utilization of bioinformatics tools for resolving their research questions. Second, Nanotechnology has made possible the design and delivery of the nano-based drug. Third, Pharmaceutical Chemistry made it possible to investigate the adsorption, distribution, metabolism, and toxicology of the drug candidates in a fine-grained resolution.

Natural Products

Natural Products
  • Author : Lixin Zhang,Arnold L. Demain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-17
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 9781592599769
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : A fresh examination of the past successes of natural products as medicines and their new future from both conventional and new technologies. High-performance liquid chromatography profiling, combinatorial synthesis, genomics, proteomics, DNA shuffling, bioinformatics, and genetic manipulation all now make it possible to rapidly evaluate the activities of extracts as well as purified components derived from microbes, plants, and marine organisms. The authors apply these methods to new natural product drug discoveries, to microbial diversity, to specific groups of products (Chinese herbal drugs, antitumor drugs from microbes and plants, terpenoids, and arsenic compounds), and to specific sources (the sea, rainforest, and endophytes). These new opportunities show how research and development trends in the pharmaceutical industry can advance to include both synthetic compounds and natural products, and how this paradigm shift can be more productive and efficacious.

Anticancer Agents from Natural Products

Anticancer Agents from Natural Products
  • Author : Gordon M. Cragg,David G. I. Kingston,David J. Newman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-06-13
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9781420039658
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Summary : Plants, marine organisms, and microorganisms have evolved complex chemical defense and signaling systems that are designed to protect them from predators and provide other biological benefits. These organisms thus produce substances containing novel chemotypes that may have beneficial effects for humans. As collection methods improve and new screen